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The Aldermen 



OF 



The City of London 

Temp. HENRY III. . 1912. 
WITH NOTES ON 

THE PARLIAMENTARY REPRESENTATION OF THE CITY, 

THE ALDERMEN AND THE LIVERY COMPANIES, 

THE ALDERMANIC VETO, 

ALDERMANIC BARONETS AND KNIGHTS, etc., 

BY 

The Rev. ALFRED B. BEAVEN. M.A., F.R.Hist.Soc. 

(Formerly Scholar of 'Pembroke College, Oxford). 



Vol. II. 



Published by 

THE CORPORATION OF THE CITY OF' LONDON 

(Under the direction of the Library Committee). 

EDEN FISHER & COMPANY, Limited, 
95, g5 & 97, Fenchurch Street, E.G. 

-¥\ 

1913. 

Lo 



GUILDHALL LIBRARY COMMITTEE, 1913. 



The Rt. Hon. Sir DAVID BURNETT, Knt., Lord Mayor. 
WILLIAM JAMES BERRIMAN TIPPETTS (Chairman). 

ALDERMEN. 

Sir Walter Wilkin, K.C.M.G. 

Sir Walter Vaughan Morgan, Bart. 

Sir William Purdie Treloar, Bart. 

Sir Charlbs Johnston, Knt. 

Sir William Henry Dunn, Knt. 



Richard Nevston Stollery. 

John Lulham Pound, Deputy. 

George William Young. 

Spencer William Morris. 

John Elkan. 

Charles Farris. 

Samuel Amos Worskett, 

Oscar Cohu Berry. 

Stephen Henry Molyneux Killik. 

Walter Dennis. 

Thomas Black Callard. 

Louis Arthur Newton.. 

Frederick Walker. 

Harry Frankland Hepburn. 



COMMONERS. 

Marcus Richard Sewill. 

Alexander Tillie. 

Bernard Thomas Swinstead. 

Joseph Douglass Mathews, Deputy. 

D. George Collins. 

Cuthbert Wilfrid Whitaker, M.A. 

Frederick Link, J. P. 

Alfred Louis Bower (Sheriff). 

Charles Thomas Harris, J. P., Deputy. 

John Knott Brown, Deputy. 

Joseph James Redding. 

Algernon Todd. 

Francis Farnan, Deputy. 

Charles Granville Kekewich, M.A. 



William Phene Neal, Deputy (late Chairman). 
Alderman Sir John James Baddeley, Knt. (specially appointed). 



Contents. 



Pbefacb TO Vol. II. 

HiSTOBICAL INTBODDCTION 

Appendix I. Aldermen Removed pbom one Wabd to anoiheb 

DDRING THEIB MaYOEALTIES ..-. 



PAGES 

V. — vii. 
xi. — Ix. 



Ixi. 



Appendix II. Shebipps and Shebifps-Elbct chosen Aldeemen 

DUEING THEIB SHRIEVALTIES OE BETWEEN ELECTION AND ADMISSION Ixii. — Ixiii. 



Appendix III. Aldeemen who have been Chambbblains op 
London 

BiBLIOGBAPHT 

Chronological List op Aldebmen, 1401-1912 

Court op Aldeemen in Obdeb of Sbniobity, Novembbb, 1912 

Notes on Aldebmen, 1220-1912 

Aldebmen noticed in the "Dictionaey op National Biogeaphy" 

Aldeemen whose Burials abb Kbcobded in Machyn's Diaey 
(1550-1563) 

Aldeemen ebcoeded in Wilford's " Memorials of Worthy Persons " 
(1741) 

Aldeemen Noticed in " City Biography " (1800) 

Addenda and Cobeigenda 

Supplement to the Ward Lists, 1905-1912 ... 

Index of Pebsons 

Index of Subjects ... 



Ixiv. 

Ixv. — Ixvii. 

1—156 

157 

159—211 

212—214 

215 

216 

216 

217—235 

236—238 

Ixix. — oxii. 

cxiii. — oxx. 



Preface to Volume II, 




JN issuing the concluding volume of this work, the completion of which has 

been unavoidably delayed, I would emphasize one sentence in the preface 

to the former volume, to which I desire to draw attention and which I 

now repeat in substance : Anyone who may propose to make use of this work 

for purposes of reference or research is requested to be careful to supplement and correct 

the text where necessary by the aid of the Addenda and Corrigenda. (See vol. I., 

pp. 225-234, 409-422: vol 11., pp. 217-235.; 

I have already acknowledged my indebtedness to the many gentlemen who have 
given me valuable information and co-operation, to whom I must add the present Clerks 
of the Drapers' and Haberdashers' Companies respectively, Mr. E. H. Pooley and 
Mr. J. Eagletou, who have very kindly, when applied to, afforded similar aid to that 
which I received from their predecessors. 

Dr. Reginald Sharpe, Records Clerk at Guildhall, and Mr. Bernard Kettle, the 
City Librarian, have continued their generous help in making notes and looking up 
references for me in response to requests which, I fear, have been preferred with 
unconscionable frequency and have often entailed heavier demands on their time and 
attention than the mere fact of being engaged in work for the Corporation of London, 
which they represent in their several departments, justified me in making. 

Without the consciousness that I could never — ' well, hardly ever ' — wear out 
the patience and disturb the equanimity which are marked characteristics of the long- 
suffering and learned Editor of the Husting Wills and Calendars of Letter Books A to L, 
to whose labours every future student of the civic history of London will necessarily be 
indebted in a pre-eminent degree, I could neither have undertaken nor continued to 
carry on the researches of which these volumes are the outcome. 

Mr. Kettle, as Librarian, has displayed, if it be possible, even more readiness to 
facilitate my labours by sharing them, than when he was the lieutenant successively of his 
two predecessors, to whom I tendered my grateful acknowledgments in the preceding 
volume. His interest in the progress of the work and his eagerness to render it as 
comprehensive and as accurate as possible could hardly have been exceeded, had he been 
himself the author. 

In now offering this inadequate expression of my sense of the Librarian's 
unfailing courtesy and unstinted help, I must not forget to associate with him his 
colleagues in the department, Mr. H. C. Welch and Mr. J. L. Douthwaite, the latter of 
whom, in particular, has given me much valuable personal attention on occasions 
when the Librarian has been absent on holiday or pre-ocoupied with Committee work 
or other business. 

My researches have also been much facilitated from time to time by the officials at 
the Public Record Office, the British Museum and the Principal Probate Registry, and I 
feel bound to record my special indebtedness to the late Mr. G. K. Fortescue, Keeper of 
the Printed Books and to Mr. I. H. Jeayes, Assistant Keeper of MSS. at the British 
Museum for their assistance on many occasions ; also my thanks are due to the 



vi. Pbefacb. 

Rev. Claud Jenkins, Librarian at Lambetli Palace, Eev. W. P. Besley, Librarian of 
St. Paul's Cathedral, and to the Eev. Canon Pearoe. 

In the Historical Introduction, which I reserved for this volume instead of its 
more naturally appropriate position, I have endeavoured to put together various notes 
and comments on points of interest, which the general subject of the work suggested. I am 
conscious that they may justly incur the criticism of being in some measure disjointed and 
' scrappy,' and they are very far indeed from being exhaustive. But to summarise the 
history of the Aldermen of London in all its aspects would require a separate treatise. 
I am conscious of many defects in the execution of the work which I, perhaps, too 
rashly undertook : competent critics may well detect others, for parental eyes are not 
the quickest to discover the blemishes in the ofispring. I am conscious, too, how little 
claim so strict a censor of the writings of others can put forward for a lenient judgment 
of his own defects. I can only plead in extenuation of any errors that I have overlooked 
that I have taken some pains to detect them, and have bestowed more care on the 
verification of my facts and dates than is apparent on the part of writers of greater 
pretensions and in works of more serious importance than mine can claim to be. 
Wherever I have discovered errors too late for correction in the original text 
I have supplied emendations at the pages indicated above. My thanks are due to 
Mr. Kemp (of the firm of Messrs. Eden Fisher & Co., Ltd.), who has superintended the 
printing of these volumes, for his valuable co-operation in the work of correction and 
for the patience and careful consideration with which he has dealt with, I fear, some 
very troublesome and irritating ' copy.' ' 

This work would, perhaps, to other eyes as well as to my own, have appeared more 
complete had it contained lists of Mayors, Lord Mayors and Sheriifs of the City. But 
inasmuch as for ordinary practical purposes these are obtainable from many (in the 
main) trustworthy sources, I have thought it hardly worth while to make this addition, 
unless on such a scale as would admit of including details, such as a record of occasions 
on which persons elected to those offices, — which in the case of the Sheriffs are very 
numerous,— did not consent to serve, the numbers polled at contested elections, the 
names of Aldermen returned by the Livery at the Annual Mayoral elections but not 
chosen by the Court, and other interesting addenda which have never been printed in a 
collected form. For these the space at my disposal would have been inadequate. I hope, 
however, in the near future to include these matters, together with extensively annotated 
lists of the holders of other civic offices and positions, both existent and obsolete, for 
which my collections are now practically complete, in a third but quite independent 
volume. 

I have in various places in the course of these volumes called attention to errors 
in the works of writers who have preceded me. I have done so in no captious spirit, 
but purely from the point of view of one who regards accuracy of fact and statement 
as the first requisite of a writer on historical and biographical subjects, especially in 
standard books of reference. That I have not been actuated by any motives of a personal 
character should be apparent from the fact that I have written in commendatory terms 
of some portions of the work of authors in whom I have found much to criticise 
adversely, and that I have not hesitated to indicate (e.g.) some indubitable lapses of the 
pen or of memory, as well as occasional inferences in which I am-unable to concur with 
him, occurring in the works of our greatest living authority on the subjects of which they 
treat, whom, though 'NuUius addictus jurare in verba magistri,' I regard as my 



Preface. vii. 

' guide, philosopher and friend ' throughout my studies of London civic history. 
The higher the authority of any writer, whatever be his subject, the greater the 
necessity for correcting his errors, which others are sure to copy — as I have shown by 
a striking example on page liv. of this volume. 

It is only right that I should add that, although this work is printed for and is 
the property of the Corporation of London, I have had an entirely free hand in its 
composition, and while I am, of course, responsible alike for the accuracy or inaccuracy 
of its statements of fact and date, I am also solely responsible for any comments and 
obiter dicta with which I have endeavoured here and there to lighten what are 
necessarily, as is the case with all works of this class, somewhat dull pages. It may 
be that the views I hold on various matters of historical, political or social interest may 
not be in accordance with those of some of my readers, and the expression of them 
may be out of harmony with their reasoned opinions or inherited prejudices. I can, 
however, affirm with confidence that in neither text nor comment have I consciously 
misstated or distorted any historical fact, and my opinions, whatever be their value, on 
matters relating to English history and kindred subjects are at least the results of more 
than half a century's continuous and careful study, involving a not very limited range 
of reading. 

I am only surprised that the special subject of this book has not been dealt with 
before, except in a fragmentary manner and on a limited scale. If the result of my 
labours in its compilation is to afiord some little assistance to any historical researchers 
in the future, I shall be amply rewarded. It may be that the presence of the material 
herein supplied may stimulate some present or future Aldermen to follow with regard to 
their own Wards the excellent example which Sir John Baddeley has set in the case of 
his municipal 'first love.' That is a 'consummation devoutly to be wished.' 

Leamington, 

December 20th, 1912. 



THE CORPORATION OF LONDON 

FROM 

'The History of England during the Reign of George III. 

By the Right Hon. W. N. MASSEY, 
{Cabinet Edition), i. 334-335. 



' It was the only corporation in England, the members of which were elected by 
popular sufirage. It was the most dignified, the most powerful, the wealthiest of all 
the municipal bodies. Its origin, like that of many other corporations, was lost in 
prescription, but its privileges were recognized or extended by no less than one hundred 

and twenty charters, beginning with the reign of William the Conqueror 

The oonstitution and privileges of this famous body are, indeed, a remarkable proof of 
what the bold and independent spirit of the people could effect even in the earliest 
times. They erected a Government side by side with that of the Sovereign in his 
capital City ; imitating, if not emulating, the great institutions of the realm. This 
government had its Chief Magistrate, its Court of Aldermen, its Common Council, 
analagous to King, Lords, and Commons. It was in some respects an imperium in 
imperio affecting independent rights, and almost equal degree. The City of London 
to this day closes its gates on certain occasions at the approach of royalty, or the 
representatives of the Crown. By a particular exception in the annual Mutiny Act 
soldiers are not to be biUeted within its domain. In all acts of Parliament touching 
municipal rights, the privilege of the City is expressly excepted. When the Corporation 
address the down, the Lord Mayor and principal officers insist upon being received 
in state by the King on the throne. If they approach the House of Commons, their 
petition is not presented in the ordinary way by one of their representatives but is 
delivered at the bar by their Sheriffs in full dress. 

' On the 9th of November in every year, the new Lord Mayor is presented to the 
judges of the land sitting in banco in their respective courts. On that occasion their 
lordships appear in their robes of state, but the great Magistrate stands covered, while 
the Becorder claims respect for the ancient rights and privileges of the City of London. 
Every event of great national importance, the demise of the Crown or a declaration of 
war, is immediately communicated to the Lord Mayor by one of the principal 
Secretaries of State. But it would be tedious to enumerate in all its particulars the 
grandeur of this mighty corporation ; which, if it has sometimes assumed the air of 
sovereignty, equals many sovereign states in the extent of its revenue and the value 

of its domains The Corporation of London will claim a more prominent 

plate in history than many petty states whose existence has not been illustrated by 
any great or useful actions. The liberties of England are indebted to the City of 
London. Many a time it has been a safe refuge from tyranny, and at all times the 
steady and potent ally of national freedom.' 



Introduction. 



Of the origin of the of&ce of Alderman in general and in connexion with the 
Wards of the City of London in particular, and of the date at which, and the evolutionary 
process by which, the Aldermen of Loudon became associated with the Mayor in the 
government of the City, much has been written from time to time, the equipment of the 
writers for the task which they essayed being of varied degrees of efficiency, whether in 
regard to the extent and character of material at their command, or to their own 
aptitude for dealing with it. 

The present writer, the bent of whose mind and the nature of whose studies and 
researches tend to make him more at home in the region of established fact than in the 
wider field of tentative speculation, shrinks from the uncongenial occupation of 
darkening counsel by words without knowledge, and thinks it best to admit at once 
that he has nothing original to contribute to the determination of problems as 
to which, notwithstanding the pontifical tone which some experts are wont to 
assume, he believes it to be, at any rate in the present stage of historical investigation, 
impossible to deliver an ex, cathedra judgment with that degree of certitude which alone 
would justify such a pronouncement. His humbler undertaking, which in these 
volumes he has endeavoured to carry out with some fulness of detail, has been that of 
collecting in chronological sequence the names of those City Worthies who have 
served or been elected to the office of Alderman of London daring the 640 years since 
the beginning of the reign of Edward I., from which period the continuous official 
records of the Corporation now extant are dated, illustrating them with such biographical 
details as the results of somewhat wide reading enable him to contribute, and with 
notes on some special points more or less closely connected with the main subject, 
including — though such was no part of his original plan — some account of Aldermen of 
still earlier date, which is necessarily less exhaustive and of a more tentative 
character through the greater lack of authoritative material.^ 

In the excursus on 'The Aldermen of the City of London,' which forms not the 
least valuable portion of his monograph on The A Idermen of Cripplegate Ward, (and to 
which, as it would be contrary to the laws of literary propriety to convey it en bloc or in 
substantial excerpts to these pages, I would refer those who desire fuller extracts from 
the Corporation records than the limits of this Introduction admit). Sir John Baddeley 
writes thus:^ 'It is probable that no definite account of the origin of the office of 
Alderman, or of the body known as the Court of Aldermen can ever be written for , . . 
the office of the Aldermen of the City of London came into existence by a process of 
natural growth and development created by the necessities of the times.' A fairly 
prolonged study of and intimate acquaintance with such material as is easily available 
for forming an opinion convinces me that, (to adopt a phrase which, though almost 
certainly mythical in its origin, has become historic), I am not wrong if I content 
myself on this point with ' saying ditto to ' Sir John Baddeley. 



It is, of course, a matter of common knowledge that the name ' Alderman ' is a 
survival from Anglo-Saxon times — a designation of the period which I use as being generally 
' understanded of the people,' with every apology to the manes of the late Professor 
Freeman — and its etymological signification is too transparent to need explanation. 
When, however, we get beyond this elementary stage, unanimity of opinion ceases, and Sir 
John Baddeley's theory (which he propounds on the same page as the passage quoted above 
and repeats in his work on The Ouildhall of the City of London) to the efiect that the ' five- 
and-twenty of the more discreet men of the City ' who are stated^ to have been chosen in 



1. See vol. I., pp. 362-375. 

2. Baddeley Aldermen of Cripplegate Ward, p. 137. 

3. Liber de Antiquis Legibus (Chronicles of Mayors and Sheriffs, trans. Riley, p. 2). 



xii. Inteoduction. 

the year 1200, and ' sworn to take counsel on behalf of the City together with the Mayor ' 
formed the first Court of Aldermen of which mention is made, is one which has not 
found unc[ue3tioned acceptance. It has, indeed, the powerful support of so eminent an 
authority on the origin of municipal institutions as the late Miss Mary Bateson, as well 
as that of Dr. Reginald Sharpe, the weight of whose opinion on any point of London civic 
history is admitted by all who are cognisant of his life's work, but on the other hand it is 
rejected, with characteristic confidence in the unassailability of his position, by 
Mr. Horace Bound, whose well-established reputation for accuracy in facts and whose 
aouteness of reasoning in the application of them to the solution of historic problems 
render second (and even third) thoughts desirable before venturing to challenge his 
conclusions. 

Mr. Round sees in the Council of the year 1200 — whatever was the exact number of 
the persons composing it — not a Court of Aldermen but the germ of the Common Council 
of later times. ^ As an initial objection tq the identification of this Council of 25 with the 
Court of Aldermen he lays stress on the point, already urged by the late Mr. Loftie," that 
the number 25 does not coincide with that of the Wards at that date, there being then 
only 24 in all, the Aldermen of which included the Mayor with whom the 25 were to take 
counsel. This discrepancy was overlooked by Bishop Stubbs,* who accepted the assump- 
tion that the 25 Councillors of King John's time gradually became identified with the 
Aldermen. 

But Mr. Round rests his case not on negative but on positive considerations. He 
relies on two important documents preserved in British Museum Additional MS. 14252, 
ff. 110, 112d. The latter of these, the Oath of the Commune (' Sacramentum commune 
tempore regis Ricardi quando detentus erat Alemaniam ' — to quote the original, which is 
not a model of correct Latin prose), — refers to the governing body of the City at the period 
of Richard I.'s detention in Germany (1193) as. the Mayor and Skivini (' obedieutes erunt 
maiori oivitatis Lond [onie] etskivin [is]' [MS. skiuiu]), this hideous vocable serving as the 
Latin equivalent of the Norman-French 6chevins. The document preserved at the former 
reference gives the oath of a body of ' twenty-four ', who were connected with the 
government of London in the 7th year of John (1205-6) [' Sacramentum xxiiij"' factum 
anno regni regis Johannis vijo '] . These twenty-four persons, if the Aldermen are ruled 
out, would appear to have been either identical with or inclusive of the ' alii probi 
homines ' who are named with the skivini of the earlier document (' sequentur et tenebunt 
considerationem maioris et skivinorum et aliorum proborum hominum qui cum illis 
erunt '). Mr. Round leaves no doubt as to his opinion. He points out the resemblance 
of the oath of the 24 to the oath of the ' vingt quatre ' annually elected to form the 
Council of the Mayor of Rouen, who were divided into ' duodecini esohevini ' and ' alii 
duodeoimconsultores,' and proceeds to assert, on continental analogy, that the 24 members 
of the London Council ' comprised twelve skevini [sic] and an equal number of councillors.' 
Mr. Round holds that the Aldermen were altogether ignored in the formation of this 
Council. It is, however, by no means impossible, and, as will be seen later. Miss Bateson 
inclines to that view, that the skivini may have been Aldermen. In any case, the skivini 
or echevihs are, so far as our present knowledge goes, only found in connexion with the 
municipal officers of the City of London in the Oath of the Commune, and their existence 
(at least under that name) must have been of brief duration.' 

4. The Commune of London^ p. 241. 

5. History of Lo^idon^ i., 190. 

6. Oonstitutional History of England, iii., 568, where he writes that 'the governing body of London 
in the thirteenth centuiy was composed of tlie Mayor, twenty-flve Aldermen of the Wards and the 
two SherifCa.' 

7. In tlie reign of Henry II. the Guild of Saddlers had its Aldermen and four ski rin%. The only known 
instance of the word being used elsewhere of the London municipal governing body is in tlie superscription of a 
letter from the Mayor and fichevms of a French municipality (Le Crotoy) to the Mayor and ^chevins of London. 
[Pleas and Memoranda Roll, Al, m 4 (v°)]. This is probably an error on the part of the clerk due to simple 
ignorance of the correct designation, and carries no more authority than would the addressing of a letter 
from the Master of a provincial company or of a Lodge of Freemasons to ' the Master' (instead of the Prime 
Warden) of the Jjondon Fishmongers' Company. 



Intkodtjction. xiii. 

Miss Mary Bateson, iu a very able review of the manuscript from which Mr. Round's 
documents are taken,^ arrives at conclusions c[uite contrary to those of Mr. Round, 
conclusions which, whatever degree of validity they may possess, lose nothing in weight 
from the entire absence of a dogmatic tone in their pronouncement. She agrees so far with 
Mr. Round as to the probability that the oath of the 24 was modelled on that of Rouen, 
but she adds that ' as there is no evidence that the London Council of twenty-four consisted, 
like that of Rouen, of twelve consultores and twelve scabini ' [another variant of this 
outlandish designation] ' the likelihood that to Londoners their sMvini were the 
twenty-four Aldermen is great. '^ Iu support of that view she points out that ' the 
Aldermen's oath preserved in the Liber Albus^" is more like the oath of the twenty-four 
taken in 1205-6 than is the oath of the Common Councillor, for it is the Alderman who 
takes part with the Mayor in assizes, pleas and judgments of the Hustings, and gives 
likewise good and loyal counsel in matters which touch the common profit of the City.' 
For in the oath of the twenty-four which Mr. Round prints, each Councillor swears to 
take no bribe in any matter of justice (' nullum modum premii acoipient . . pro injuria 
allevanda vel pro jure sternendo') whereas in the later oath of the Common Council 
(quoted by Mr. Round from the Liber Albusy^ ' no mention ' as Miss Bateson very shrewdly 
remarks, 'is made of any judicial function, for the Common Councillor as such had 
none,' whence she infers that ' if we are to deny ' (as Mr. Round does) ' the possibility of 
an identity between these four-and-twenty and the Aldermen, . . it presents a difficulty.' 
Mr. Round emphasises the distinction between the Alderman, a local officer in charge 
of a Ward, and a Councillor who represents the City as a whole in virtue of his election. 
To this Miss Bateson replies that the evidence of such election is unconvincing, resting 
only on ' the later and far less trustworthy Liber de Antiquis Legibus which records an 
election of twenty-five Councillors in 1200-1. '^^a 

Mr. Round agrees with Miss Bateson in his estimate of the value of this authority 
as regards the number twenty-five, which authority, he says, ' is not first rate,''*'> and if it 
is inconclusive as to the number, it is equally so as to the fact of election. Miss Bateson, 
after a careful examination of Mr. Round's arguments, comes to the conclusion that ' the 
fact so clearly proved by the Additional Manuscript'^ that the Aldermen were not isolated 
officers, but co-operated as givers of judgment in the Husting deserves further 
consideration as an argument in favour of the belief that the twenty-four Councillors in 
judgment were the twenty-four Aldermen of Wards, twenty-four men who in 11 Henry 
III. rendered the account of the tallage of their Wards.'i^c Mr. Round and Miss Bateson 
being agreed as to the virtual abandonment of the council of twenty-jftw, (as resting on no 
older authority than fitz-Thedmar's Chronicles of Mayors and Sheriffs preserved in the Liber 
de Antiquis Legibus and written more than half a century later than the date to which 
such council is assigned), there remains only the point that ' if the Mayor held his Ward 
during office, twenty-five Wards would have to be accounted for.' Miss Bateson asks 
' is it necessary to assume that this was so at an early date ?''' I am not sure whether 
by ' this ' Miss Bateson means the retention of the Ward in conjunction with the 
Mayoralty or that the number would in that case be twenty-five. I see no reason to 
doubt, though there is no evidence either way, that fitz-Ailwyu who was then Mayor 
retained his Aldermanry in accordance with the practice that prevailed later; it is 
possible that the number of Wards at that time was not more than twenty-three, though 
I know of nothing to suggest its probability, and we have evidence of twenty-four Wards 
some thirty years later ; the only detailed list which we have of earlier date, (going back 
as far as about 1130 and not professing to be exhaustive), takes aocoimt of twenty, and we 
do not know whether any or all of the remaining four were then in existence or, if not, at 

8. English Elstorlcal Review, vol. 17 (July and October, 1902), pp. 480-511, 707-730 ('A Municipal 

Collection o( the reign ol John '). 

9. English Historical Review, vol.17, p. 511. 

10. Liier Albm trans. Riley, p. 267. 

11. Idier Albm trans. Riley, p. 36, quoted in Round The Commune of Lort,dcm, p. 241. 

12. See the original quotation from the MS. in English Historiccd Review, vol. 17, p. 493. 
12a, 12c, 13. English Historical Review, vol. 17, i). 608. 

12b. The Commune of London, p. 238. 



xiv. Introduction. 

what date or dates they were added during the subsequent hundred years. But I do not 
see any insuperable obstacle to the aooeptanoe of Miss Bateson's identification of the 
Aldermen with the twenty-four in the fact that the Mayor is included in the number, 
nor should I regard as inaccurate at the present day the statement that the government 
of the City is in the hands of the Lord Mayor, twenty-six Aldermen and the Common 
Council, although the Lord Mayor is himself one of the twenty-six. 

With regard to the question of identifying the ' probi homines ' who were associated 
with the Mayor and skivini in the Oath of the Commune, while Mr. Bound holds that 
they were twelve in number forming one half of the whole body of twenty-four, on the 
analogy of the Vingt Quatre of Rouen comprising ' duodeoim oonsultores ' and ' duodecim 
escheviui,' Miss Bateson suggests that ' though only twenty-four were sworn to act as 
Councillors, it does not thence follow that only twenty-four took part in council. There 
might be present also such other probi as the Mayor chose to summon, who in the 
indefinite medieval way would represent the opinion of the whole community.' 

Dr. Sharpe's London and the Kingdom preceded by some years Mr. Eound's 
Commune of London, and at the date of its publication the question raised by the latter 
based on the documents in the Additional Manuscript had not arisen. In the text of his 
work Dr. Sharpe identifies the Council of twenty-five with the Court of Aldermen ; so far 
as I know, he has not had occasion to touch on this point in his later publications, but, 
having had the advantage of personally ascertaining his views on this as on most other 
questions of civic history, I think I am right in saying that he adheres to his original 
opinion that the Council of that period was composed of the Aldermen. 

Mr. H. B. Wheatley in The Story of London (Mediceval Toiuns series) remarks that 
the whole question is at present one of great difiioulty, but though he refrains from 
' venturing to express any confident opinion until more evidence is forthcoming,' he holds 
that ' Mr. Bound's discovery of the Oath of the Commune in which Aldermen are not 
mentioned has made it difficult to conjecture when it was that they took their natural 
place as the advisers of the Mayor,' and he appears not to have been acquainted with 
Miss Bateson's examination of Mr. Round's arguments. 

Who shall decide when doctors disagree ? I have endeavoured to set out impartially 
the arguments on both sides : my independent knowledge is not sufficient to entitle me 
to pronounce with any aSeotation of authority on the rival theories of such learned 
writers as Mr. Bound and Miss Bateson, and while it may be possible for the reader to 
detect a leaning to one side of the controversy in the foregoing summary, I think it wiser 
to assume a purely agnostic attitude and, if called on for a verdict, to take refuge in the 
Caledonian via media of ' not proven.' 



Whatever be the date at which the Court of Aldermen came into existence as a 
leading factor in the government of the City, there can be no doubt that Aldermen presided 
over Wards from a much earlier period than that of the establishment of the Commune 
in Richard I.'s reign. The earliest mention of an Alderman in connexion with a Ward 
is that of Tursten, under date 14 Kal. Aug. (July 19) 1111.'^ Prom the same authority 
we get a record of twenty Wards in which the Church of St. Paul's held lands, 
three of which bear local names, one is the Bishop's Ward and the remaining sixteen are 
distinguished by personal designations, which may with confidence be assumed to denote 
their Aldermen. Whether these twenty formed the total number of Wards at that date or 
whether there were others in which there were no capitular estates, we have no data for 
determining. In Vol. I. of this work (p. 363) I have followed Mr. Loftie in ascribing this 
document to circa 1115, but Mr. Eoundi^ has shown conclusively that this is too early a 
date, and has fixed the true one at circa 1130 and certainly later than 1121-2. The total 
number of Wards appears to have been fixed in the first years of the 18th century (and 

14. St. Paul's MSS. Liber L. (Hist. MSB. Commission Appendix to 9th Report, pp. 67, 68). 

15. Geoffrey de Uandevttle, pp. 435, 436. 



Introduction. xv. 

probably from a much earlier period) at twenty-four, of which eleven were situated to the 
West and thirteen to the East of the course of the Walbrook. The former were Vintry, 
Cordwainer, Cheap, Coleman Street, Bassishaw, Cripplegate, Aldersgate, Farringdon 
(whose earlier name was Ludgate and Neugate), Bread Street, Queenhithe, Castle Baynard : 
the latter were Portsokeu, Aldgate, Tower, Lime Street, Bishopsgate, Broad Street, 
Billingsgate, Coruhill, Langbourn, Bridge, Candlewick, Walbrook, Dowgate. The only 
additions to this total have been caused by the division of Farringdon into two Wards 
(Within and Without) in 1394,i6 and the creation of the Ward of Bridge Without in 1550, 
when the City purchased the rights of the Crown in Southwark. Since 1550 the number 
has stood, as it stands at present, at 26. 

What was the exact connexion of the early Aldermen with their Wards is still 
perhaps an open question. The theory most generally adopted is that they were originally 
hereditary territorial proprietors, having leet jurisdiction over their districts then called 
Sokes, which became the basis of the later division into Wards. Besaut puts this 
succinctly thus : ' the City consisted originally of a certain number of private manors : 
the proprietors of these estates were the so-called Barons of the City. Some of the 
estates remained in the hands of their proprietors for many generations: these 
proprietors constituted themselves without any law other than immemorial custom, the 
ruling Council of the City.'" In the Charter of Henry I. (which is undated and was formerly 
assigned to the first year of that reign, but which Mr. Round adduces good reason for 
conjecturing to have been granted not earlier than 1130,i8 a view which Dr. Sharpe 
appears to adopt),!^ it is ordered that ' the churches and barons and citizens shall and 
may peaceably and quietly have and hold their sokes with all their customs ; so that the 
strangers that shall be lodged in the sokes shall give custom to none but to him to whom 
the soke appertains, or to his officer whom he shall there put. 'i^" By ' the barons ' here are 
clearly meant, says Norton, ' the Aldermen, so styled in virtue of their Ward or leet 
jurisdictions when such jurisdictions were expressly alluded to, although they never 
permanently changed their ancient title of Aldermen.'^o Norton, in another portion of 
his work, holds that ' the proprietary title of the Alderman to his soke in Loudon was 
certainly of short duration, and perhaps never universal throughout the City.'^oa The 
recurrence of particular patronymics among the early Aldermen, e.g. HaverhuU, Bukerell, 
Bat, Sperling, Hardel, Basing, lends some countenance to the assumption that the territorial 
connexion of Aldermen with their Wards was more continuous and lasting, but that it is 
hardly sufficient to bear the weight of the inference which some would draw therefrom is 
shown by the fact that as late as the present year (1912) there were three members of the 
Court of Aldermen who in the ordinary course of election had succeeded their fathers (Sir 
G. Faudel-Phillips, Sir G. Truscott, Sir J. Knill) and who certainly had no proprietary 
interest, whether by inheritance or otherwise, in their respective Wards. 

Stress is frequently laid both by early and modern writers, from the compiler 
of the Liber Albus (with which the name of John Carpenter is usually associated) to 
tha late Mr. Loftie, on the f a^t that whereas ' the Alderman in modern times has his title 
from the Ward over which he presides ... in ancient times the Ward was styled after the 
name of its Alderman,^! and it is assumed by Loftie that the influence of the passing 
of the Statute Quia Emptores in 1290 ' is at onoe apparent when we note that about the 
same time the list of Wards became substantially what it remains to the present day. '2'" It 
may, perhaps, be evidence of defective powers of apprehension on the part of the present 

16. This date Is usually given as March, 1393, according to the old computation whereby the period 
from January 1 to March 26 formed the concluding part of the year. Throughout this work dates are given 
according to the present mode of reckoning. 

17. Mediseval London^ vol. ii., p. 30. 

18. Geoffrey de UandevilU, p. 366. 

19. London and the Kingdom^ i., 40. 

19a. Birch : Historical Charters of the City of London, p. 3. 

20. Norton : Commentaries on the Constitution of London, p. 369. (The references to ' Norton ' in 
this Introduction are to the original edition, 1829.) 

20a. Norton: op. clt. p. 122. 

21. Liber Albus (trans. Riley), p. 30. 
21a. History of London, I., 189. 



Lvi. Introduction. 

writer in regard to those portions of hia subject in -wliioh he does not profess to take an 
overmastering interest, that he ia unable to see, and does not hesitate to say so, any 
closer connexion between the passing of the Statute Quia Emptorea and the permanent 
nomenclature of the Wards than between Goodwin Sands and Tenterden Steeple. At any 
rate the whole of the 2i Wards are designated by their local appellations in the list of 
Aldermen printed by Dr. Sharpe in his Calendar of Busting Wills (vol. i., p. 702), and 
Calendar of Letter Book A (p. 209), the date of which is from four to five years earlier 
than the passing of that Statute. Whatever may have been the case in the earlier years 
of Ward organisation, it is difficult to believe that the territorial relationship between the 
Alderman and hia Ward — at least in the great majority of the Wards — continued 
30 late as until the substitution of local for personal names. Norton says of the 
proprietary title of the Alderman to his Soke that ' it probably arose with the introduction 
of the feudal system, and expired with the grant of thoae exemptiona from it secured to 
the citizens by their earlier charters, the establishment of a community, and the election 
of their own m,agi3trates.'^2 For my part I see no reason to hold that the substitution, 
e.g., of the designation ' Ward of Walbrook ' in the year 1285 for ' Ward of John Adrien ' 
has any deeper historical significance than the parallel case in much later days (1751) 
when the general numbering of the regiments of the British army converted ' Cope's 
Dragoons ' into the 7th Dragoons and ' Barrell's Regiment ' into the 4th Foot. 

Two Wards, those of Portsoken and of Ludgate and Neugate (later known as 
Parringdon), should be specially noticed. The Aldermanry of the former waa, from the 
reign of Henry I. until that of Henry VIII. when the religious houaea were dissolved, held 
iure officii by the Prior of Holy Trinity (or Ohristchurch), Aldgate, as a consequence of 
the surrender to the Canons of that Church of the Soke which had previously been in 
the posaession of the Cuihtengild. It is unnecesaary to go into the hiatory of that 
fraternity, which has been very fully dealt with by Mr. H. C. Coote in his paper on ' the 
English Gild of Knights and their Soon,' printed in the Transactioiis of the London and 
Middlesex Archceological Society, vol. V., pp. 477-493, and by Dr. Sharpe in his admirable 
introduction to the Calendar of Letter Book C. Loftie, in treating of the Cnihtengild, 
got somewhat out of his depth, and his inference, which he propounds as one on which 
' there can now be no doubt,' ^ that the gild had been ' the governing body of London,' 
haa been shown by Mr. Round to be based on complete misunderstanding of the original 
authorities, and it is clear that in Mr. Round's words, its position as a governing body 
has been far too rashly assumed and rests upon no f oundation.^'' 

With regard to the Ward subsequently known as Parringdon, so named from the 
two members of the Parudone family who successively presided over it, it appears 
that as late as the closing years of the 13th century its Aldermanry waa a kind of 
incorporeal hereditament, transmiasible by deed, inasmuch aa (probably about 1269) 
Thomas de Arderne granted it to Anketin d'Auvergne for his life and again in 1277 after 
the latter'a death, to Ralph le Pevre, the latter paying a fine of 20 marks and a yearly 
ofiering of one clove of gilliflowera.^ The deed concerning this grant was witnessed by 
G. de Rokesley (Mayor), R. Arraz (Sheriff) and H. le Waleys, P. le Taillour, T. de Basing, 
J. Horn and J. Blaketho'rn (Aldermen). How Arderne became possessed of proprietary 
rights over the Aldermanry does not appear ; there is no trace of his having exercised the 
office of Alderman himself, nor is there any indication how any of the predecessors of 
A. de Auvergne, whose identity can be established from various Ancient Deeds (see vol. I. , 
pp. 367-374), acquired the position. R. le Pevre's son demised the Aldermanry to 
W. de Parndone,26 from whom it passed to the latter's son-in-law Nicholas le Pevre (son of 
R. le Pevre) who took, or was generally known by, the name Parndone. Nicholas de 
Parndone apparently possessed (or imagined himself to possess) the power of devising his 
Aldermanry, and accordingly he bequeathed it at his death, which occurred as late as 

22. Commentaries on the Constitution of Ltmdon, p. 122. 

23. London (' Historic Towns ' series), p. 30. 

24. Commune of London, pp. 104, 221. 

25. Stow (ed. Strype), Bookiii., p. 134. 

26. Hustlng Roll 13 (67). 



Introduction. xvii. 

1334 (after more than 40 years' tenure of it) to John de Pulteney.'*'' Pulteney, however, 
did not act as Alderman of that Ward, and within three weeks of the enrolment of 
Farndone's Will Richard Laoer is found in possession of the Aldermanry, there being no 
evidence to show whether he obtained it by devise from Pulteney or by election : he 
retained office for 23 years and his successor was elected in the ordinary way by ' the good 
men of the Ward of Parudone.' 27" 

Perhaps, also, a word should be said about the Ward of Oornhill, inasmuch as the 
late Mr. Loftie has deduced from its omission from the list of Wards whose Aldermen 
between 1285 and 1320 are given (very incompletely and inaccurately) in Lansdowne 
MS. 558, the conclusion that, inasmuch as it had formerly comprised a soke belonging to 
the Bishop of London, though ' there was still au Alderman of Oornhill in 1312, in the 
later and less orderly years of the reign of Edward II., the Bishop may have been able 
to recover his claim so far as to prevent the appointment of an Alderman. '27b This is a 
mere mare's nest. There is abundant evidence in the Letter Books and Husting Rolls 
to prove that Richard de Gloucester was Alderman of Oornhill continuously for the 
twenty years preceding his death in 1823, and both the Alderman and his Ward are 
explicitly named in conjunction in the early part of 1320.27'' The absence of Oornhill 
from the Lansdowne MS., the value of which authority I have examined in detail at 
pp. 238, 239 of vol. I., may probably be accounted for by the very simple explanation that 
the writer accidentally overlooked it, and in any case the omission has obviously no 
historical signification. 

Notwithstanding the evidence for the existence of Aldermen and Wards at least 
as far back as the reign of Henry I., that large section of the British public which is 
content to take its history from Whitaker' s~ Almanack will learn from this year's issue of 
that publication that ' Aldermen were first appointed by a Oharter of Henry III. in 1242.' 
The authority for this statement appears to be Fabyan's Chronicle (1st Ed. 1516) part vii. 
Henry III., fo. xxiii., where, under date 1242 (25 Hen. III.), we read that ' this yere also 
were Aldermen first chosyn within the Oytie of London, whiche then had the rule of the 
Cytie and of the wardis of the same, and were tha yerely chaiigyd as nowe the Shryuys 
be chauagyd.'28 If the natural interpretation of these words be adopted, viz. , that Aldermen 
were first introduced in that year, the statement is grotesquely contrary to fact, as there are 
continuous indications of the existence of Aldermen of Wards for more than a century 
preceding that date. The only other interpretation that suggests itself is that Aldermen 
were ' first chosyn ' (i.e. elected) in that year, they or their predecessors having previously 
acquired their Aldermanries by inheritance or purchase or nomination or some other 
non-elective process. But if what would be ■ tantamount to a revolution in the civic 
constitution really did occur at this time, it is very difficult to account for the silence 
of the contemporary chronicler fitz-Thedmar and for the absence of any mention of so 
important an event in other early authorities for the history of London : if there be any 
such confirmation of Fabyan's statement, I have unfortunately failed to observe it, and iu 
the absence of such confirmation, I do not attach importance to his unsupported assertion 
some two centuries and a half after the event. The examination of the succession of 
Aldermen between 1285 and 1320 as given in Lansdowne MS. 558 which will be found 
at pp. 298, 299 of the first volume of this work, will aSord proof of the little reliance that 
can safely be placed even upon practically contemporary authorities in an uncritical age. 
Except for this isolated statement of Pabyan, I know of no indication of annual elections 
of Aldermen during the 13th century. The earliest recorded instance of the election of 
an Alderman by ' the men of the Ward ' is that of Alexander le Perrun who was chosen 
Alderman of Walbrook on the removal of S. fitz-Mary in March 1249.28* 

27. Husting Roll 62 (102). 
27a. Letter Book G, to. 66. 

27li. London (Historic Towns), p. 90, 
27c. Letter Book E, (o. 104b. 

28. Stow (ed. Klngsford.ll., 155) follows Fabyan, but with the important omission of the word first' : 
his words are 'this yeare, Aldermen of London were chosen and chaunged yearely, but that order lasted not 
long.' 

28a. Chronicles of Mayors and Sheriffs (trans. Riley), p. 17. 



xviii. Introduction. 

The first list of Aldermen printed in the Letter Books is undated, but may be safely 
assigned to 1285 or 1286, and probably, for the reason I have stated in vol. I. (p. 370), to 
about July, 1285. In June, 1293, there appears to have been a general election of Aldermen, 
but it is clear that those already in office were in almost all cases re-elected. It seems 
not improbable that the list of 1285,™ which is headed ' Proper Names of the Wards of the 
City of London and the Names of the Aldermen,' also indicates a general election, and that 
such elections took place when, as in those years, either the City was taken into the King's 
hands and a Gustos appointed in place of the Mayor, or an existing Gustos was replaced 
by a successor. 

Except under such circumstances, there is no evidence other than the words of 
Fahyan quoted above of any annual or periodical election afiecting the whole body of 
Aldermen before the reign of Edward II. In June, 1319, that King granted a Charter, 
ratifying certain articles upon which the citizens had agreed, one clause of which 
provided that the Aldermen ' de anno in annum et prscipue die sancti Gregorii Pape*) sint 
amobiles et amofi anno sequenti non reeligantur.' It is not clear, and apparently was 
not at the time, or at any rate shortly after, whait the precise meaning of the Latin was, 
the word ' amobiles ' ( = removable) being open to two interpretations, viz., either that the 
contemplated removal of an Alderman was prescribed or that it was merely permissive : 
in the latter case ' amoti ' means no more than ' if removed ' or ' when removed,' or 
' those (Aldermen) removed,' a rendering which according to the ordinary usage of the 
language is quite legitimate. This appears to have been the interpretation adopted when 
the new provision was first acted upon, for on the Feast of St. Gregory, 1321, it is 
recorded^! that four Aldermen (J. de Gisors, S. Corp, W. de Caustone, S. de Abyndone,)''' 
were removed and successors elected,^'''' but there is no evidence that any of the other twenty 
Aldermen were disturbed in their seats, even to the extent of having to submit to re-election. 

In the preceding year, 1320, the first after the grant of the Charter of 1819, there is 
no record of any elections on St. Gregory's Day, but four vacancies had been filled in 
January (two on the 16th and two on the 18th), there being no evidence to show whether or 
not these vacancies were created by the operation of the new law. It is noticeable, 
however, that W. de Caustone was chosen to succeed H. Nasard as Alderman of Broad 
Street at some date between February 1 and August 7, 1320,^ and inasmuch as when 
Caustone was ejected in 1321, Nasard returned to the Court as his successor, it is at least a 
not improbable inference that the substitution of Caustone for Nasard in 1320 took place 
on St. Gregory's Day in accordance with the newly introduced system.s^ 

The Letter Books contain no record of later removals on St. Gregory's Day, and the 
apparently unbroken continuity of tenure by the Aldermen of the Wards in the great 
majority of cases during more than half a century after 1321 renders it almost certain that 
the law became practically a dead-letter. In a few instances {e.g. that of Hamo Godohep who 
ceased to be Alderman of Bread Street between January 15 and March 20, 1324, and in 
1326 returned to the Court as Alderman of Langbourn,^^ and that of John de Caustone, 
whose successor in Cordwainer Ward was elected before May 1, 1325, though he himself did 
not return as Alderman of Lime Street till after July 26 in that year ^) it is not improbable, 
though there is no clear evidence, that Aldermanries were compulsorily vacated, their 
holders regaining a seat for another Ward after a short interval. 

29. Letter Book A, to. 116. 

30. March 12. 

31. Letter Book E, Jo. 116b. 

32. Aldermen of Vintr}', Cordwainer, Broad Street and Dowgate respectively. 

3Sa. It should be noted that these removals took, place during the progress of the memorable Iter 
of that year. 

33. See vol. I., p. 70. 

33a. It should, however, be noted that when Nasard finally vacated his seat in 1322, the reason 
assigned was that ' he had not sufHcient leisure from the King's business in the North,' and his previous 
withdrawal may therefore have been due to some ofilcial employment in the royal service. FLetter 
Book B, fo. 140.] ■■ 

34. See vol. I., pp. 45, 166. 

36. See vol. I., pp. 113, 173. [There is also (he case of B. Folesham. See ante vol. I., pp. 166, 172, 
note G.] 



Introduction. xix. 

Stow, under date 28 Edw. III. (1354) .^^ writes : ' Aldermen of London were used to be 
changed yearely, but now it was ordayned that they should not be removed without some 
speciall cause.' This is copied by Bohun^' and by Howel^ who (or probably his printer) 
alters the date to 1356. Norton/^ who gives no other authority than these,^" expands the 
statement into ' the Aldermen continued to be annually elected until the 28th year of 
Edward III,, when an ordinance was passed by the King in council to render them 
irremovable without cause.' It is not easy to prove a negative, and it is possible that such 
an ' ordinance ' was passed by the King in council, but Stow merely says ' it was ordained ' 
without speolfyijig by whom or by what body, and I have met with no confirmation of the 
assertion. Edward III. granted a charter in that year, which, however, was confined solely 
to the conferring of the right of having maces of gold and silver borne before the Mayor and 
Sheriffs, and the next charter, (that of 1376, the first official document now extant after 1319 
which deals with the election of Aldermen), makes no mention whatever of any modification 
of the law of 1319 having been n^iade by authority in the interim. Moreover, we meet with 
no reference to this ' ordinance ' in the Letter Books, and Dr. Sharpe does not notice it either 
in his Calendar of Letter Book G or elsewhere. 

On November 12, 1376, a Charter was issued by Edward III., setting forth that the 
provision as to the removal of Aldermen in the Charter of 1319 had been wrongly 
interpreted, the Aldermen maintaining that the phrase ' sint amobiles ' only implied that 
they might be removed for sufficient reason or some notorious offence, and ordaining that 
in future all the Aldermea should be removed on St. Gregory's Day and not re-elected.^"" On 
March 6, 1377, an ordinance of the Mayor, Aldermen and various representatives of the 
misteries''! provided that Aldermen removed for reasonable cause should be incapable of 
re-election, but that those retiring under the operation of the new law should be re-eligible 
after a year's interval. 

In February, 1384, the Mayor (Sir N. Brembre) of his own motion disregarded the 
existing law and issued his precept for the election of Aldermen for that year, allowing 
immediate re-election without the year's interval, and eight retiring Aldermen were 
accordingly so eleoted,^^ five (T. Coruwaleys, W. Staundon, J. Fraunceys, W. Anecroft, 
G. Cremylford) being returned by the Wards for which they had served in the preceding 
year, and three (R. Warbulton, J. Chircheman and H. Vanner) transferring their services to 
other Wards. The King by letters patent of March 6 in that year condoned the Mayor's 
irregular proceeding and granted that this innovation should be made permanent subject 
to the consent of Parliament,^^'' which was granted later in the year. 

In March, 1394, an Act of Parliament sanctioned a reversion to the old custom 
whereby an Aldermanry was tenable for life, subject to removal for jnst and reasonable 
cause, and this law has remained in force for more than .500 years and is still 
operative.^3 On August 1, 1397, the Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty passed a new 
ordinance by which, in order ' to avoid damages, dissensions and perils which had 
oftentimes happened in divers Wards by reason of headstrong, partial and imprudent 
elections of Aldermen,' it was enacted that in all future elections the Wards should 
' peacefully and quietly ' choose at least two ' reputable and discreet men, either of whom 

36. Survey ofhondon, eS. Kingsford ii., 160 (ed. Strype, bk, v., p. 81). 

37. Privilegia Londlni, p. 56. 

38. Londinopolis, p. 35. 

89. Commentaries on the Constitution of London, p. 438. 

40. The reference to Liber Custumarum, to. 192, which Norton includes in the same lootnote 
with those to Strype, Howel and Bohun has nothing whatever to do with the question: it gives merely 
the words of the Charter of Edward II. (1819) quoted ante (p. xviii.), rendering the Aldermen annually 
* amobiles.' 

40a. Birch Historical Cliarters of the City of London, pp. 63, 66. 

41. The representatives of the misteries were 64 in all, viz., 6 each of the Mercers, Grocers, 
Drapers, Fishmongers, Vintners, Skinners and Tailors, 4 each of the Haberdashers, Saddlers, Girdlers, 
Chandlers and Cordwainers, and 2 of the Armourers. 20 of the 24 Aldermen were present, the absentees 
being the Prior of Holy Trinity, J. Fyfhide, H. Hatfield, J. Hadle {Letter Book H, fo. 58b). 

42.' Letter Book H, fo. 173: See also ante vol. I., p. 399. 
42b. Letter Book H, fo. ir4b. 

43. During the period of the suspension of the Charter (1683-1638) the Aldermen were 
commissioned by the King and removable at the King's pleasure. 



xi. Inteodtjction. 

in morals and worldly goods should be fit to be a judge and an Alderman of the City,' the 
final choice between the two resting with the Mayor and Aldermen .« On September 20, 
1402, it was agreed by the Mayor and Aldermen that the number of names to be submitted 
to the Court should be increased to four^s ' of the more honest and sufBcient citizens of whom 
the one most fit to support the honour and charge of the City, according to the discretion 
and sound consciences of the Mayor and Aldermen for the time being,' was to be admitted 
and sworn : this ordinance, which was approved by the Common Council on November 23 
following, was repeated in October, 1420,^s and remained in force (except in the interval 
between the suspension of the Charter in 1683 and its restoration, in 1688) until 
September 20, 1711, when by an Act of Common Council the number was reduced to two (one 
Alderman and one Commoner), ■"!» On April 5, 1714, the old system of direct election by the 
Wards was restored, and has continued till the present timc^si" 

Throughout the period when four names were returned by the Wards, the Court of 
Aldermen claimed and frequently exercised the right of rejecting any - nomination 
containing the name of any one person who appeared to be unsuitable, and in cases where 
a Ward made three successive nominations which were not approved, the Court itself 
proceeded to fill the vacancy. There were as many as twelve instances of the exercise of 
this prerogative by the Court in less than twenty-seven years (October, 1463 to February, 
1490) : four more cases occurred between 1503 and 1536 ; in the 17th century there 
were only two (in 1633 and 1669). After the reversion to the old practice of direct election 
by the Wards, the Court still claimed the right of veto, though it was not exercised for 
more than a century (1714 to 1831). In 1831 the test case of Scales occurred: after his 
third rejection in 1833, legal proceedings were taken on his behalf which lasted till,1839, 
when the final judgment of the House of Lords unanimously upheld the claim of the 
Court. Hence when in 1877 the Court elected Mr. Breffit after thrice rejecting Sir John 
Bennett, that worthy did not attempt to carry the matter further, and in the only later 
instance, that of Sir T. Brooke-Hitching in 1912, the candidate did not offer himself to 
the electors after his return had once been vetoed. The whole question of the Aldermanic 
Veto is treated fully in vol. I. of this work (pp. 242-249), where an exhaustive list is given 
of the occasions when the Court exercised its rights of rejection and of election after 
three successive rejections, so far as they are recorded in the Letter Books and Repertories. 



During the three centuries in which four names were required to be submitted to 
the Court for its choice to fill each vacancy, it gradually became the custom (which, 
however, was by no means invariably observed), to include at least one Alderman of 
another Ward : this, however, was not the case at first, for in the majority of instances — 
there being only four to ths contrary — in which, during the first half of the fifteenth 
century the nominations are recorded in the Letter Books or Journals, four Commoners 
were returned : there are, however, several instances of translation of Aldermen during 
that period, the names of those returned with them not having been preserved. 

On November 7, 1480, it was specifically enacted that not more than two Aldermen 
should be nominated for any one vacancy.''^ Later it beoam.e usual to nominate two 
Aldermen and two Commoners. When an Alderman was returned for another Ward it 
was his prerogative (or that of the senior, if more than one was named) to elect whether 
to accept translation or remain where he was.^^ 

On January 19, 1479, it had been ordered that no Alderman should be translated 
from one Ward to another before two years had elapsed since the date of his election.*''^ 

44. Letter Book H, fo. 3X4. (In 1380 John Vyne had been chosen Alderman of Cordwainer Ward 
by the Mayor and Aldermen in default of an election by the men of the Ward. Uetter Book H, fo. 121). 

45. Letter Book I, ft. 16b, 17b. 

46. Letter Book I, fo. 249. 
46a. Journal 65, (o. 361b. 
46b. Journal 56, fo. 98b. 
460. Journal 8, fo. 234b. 

46d. See ante, vol. I., p. 39, where is recorded the voiding of the election of T. Witherings for Cheap in 
1653, because the senior Alderman returned with him had not previously declined to remove to that Ward. 
46e. Journal 8, to.' 192. 



Introduction. 



XXI. 



There had been frequent cases in the preceding half-oentury of Aldermen leaving their 
Wards after a brief tenure of ofaoe : e.g.~ 



N. Yoo, elected for Farringdon Without, Jan. 1437, trans 
J. Norman, „ Castle Baynard, Oct. 1441 



N. Wyfold, 

C. Warter, 
T. Cook, 
W. Taillour, 
R. Plemyng, 
G. Irlond, 
J. Tate, 
3. Plomer, 
W. Haryot, 
B. Colwych, 
R. Rawson, 
H. Colet, 



Castle Baynard, Nov. 1450, 



Parringdon Without, 

Vintry, 

Dowgate, 

Parringdon Without, 

Aldgate, 

Bridge, 

Parringdon Without, 

Castle Baynard, 

Parringdon Without, 

Parringdon Without, 

Parringdon Without, 



Feb. 1451, 
Oct. 1456, 
Mar. 1460, 
Mar. 1460, 
Jan. 1461, 
July 146,S, 
Dec. 1464, 
Nov. 1469, 
Aug. 1474, 
May 1476, 
Nov. 1476, 



. to Candlewick 
Cheap, 
Tower, 
Cornhill, 
Broad Street, 
Broad Street, 
Queenhithe, 
Billingsgate, 
Cordwainer, 
Tov?er, 
Bridge, 
Broad Street, 
Coleman St., 
Aldersgate, 
Bassishavf 



Aug. 1438. 
July 1442. 
Jan. 1451. 
July 1451. 
Aug. 1451. 
, Mar. 1458. 
Dec. 1460.- 
Nov. 1460. 
Mar. 1461. 
Deo. 1464. 
April 1465. 
July 1470. 
April 1476. 
Nov. 1476. 
Aug. 1478. 



It is worthy of note that when Colet was translated, three successive nominations 
to fill the vacancy in Parringdon Without were rejected by the Court, which proceeded 
then to appoint its own nominee, and it can hardly be doubted that it was in consequence 
of the difficulty of finding a suitable person for that Aldermanry, coupled with the haste 
which such a person, when found, usually displayed to transfer his services to a smaller and 
less exacting constituency, that the ordinance of 1479 was passed. Seventy years later 
(September, 1550) the close time for Aldermen of Parringdon Without was specially 
extended to three years, the same restriction being also applied in the case of the newly 
constituted Ward of Bridge Without." Between 1451 and 1481 fifteen successive Aldermen 
of the former Ward vacated their Aldermanry by translation, and a death in office was as 
unknown an event as that of a Vicar of Lieeds is to ' the oldest inhabitant ' to-day ."» During 
the whole period from the division of the old Parringdon Ward in 1394, while no less 
than 47 of the Aldermen of the outer division removed to- other Wards,- only two 
(N. Nynes in 1503 and Sir B. Hanson in 1680) migrated to it. Next in apparent 
uucongeniality was the Ward of Castle Baynard, of whose Aldermanry 35 incumbents 
divested themselves in order to transfer their services elsewhere, while the number 
migrating to it was only 10. Bassishaw was apparently the most attractive Ward, 
30 Aldermen having been translated to it while 11 left it for other Wards. Cornhill 
retained its Aldermen better than any other Ward, the only three who deserted it being 
J. de Grantham (1325), S. Eyre (1451) and Sir J. Harte (1590). Portsoken, which did not 
come into lay hands until 1538, only received two immigrants, Sir S. Starling (1664) and 
Sir J. Parsons (1687) : Aldgate and Parringdon Within each received 7 from other Wards, 
while "28 and 27 were translated to Cheap and Cornhill respectively, 25 each to Lime 
Street and Walbrook and 24 to Langbourn. 

The regulation against translating an Alderman before he had remained two years 
in his Ward, though generally, was not universally observed. In some cases it is specially 
noted in the Repertories that the rule was dispensed with, in others no notice is taken of 
its breach. In Parringdon Without itself we have five instances between 1479 and 1550 
of the Alderman leaving for another Ward before the expiration of two years from his 
election, viz. : J. Milborne (1512), W. Bayley (1515), J. Brown (1524), S. Pecocke (1526),"'' 
A. Hyude (1547), and after 1550, when the period was extended to three years, 
J. Harte (1582) and A. Bateman (1659) were translated before the limited time had 
expired. In Bridge Without, where three years was the limit, G. Barne (1576) and 

47. Letter Book E, Jo. 90b. 

47a. There has been no vacancy by death in the Vicarage of Leeds since 1837, Dean Hook, Bishops 
Atlay, Woodford, Gott, Jayne, Taibot and Gibson, liiiving successiveiy vacated it on promotion. 

■ 47b. Peook was fined 20s. for not exercising the office of Alderman of Farringdon Without for two 
years, April 12, 1526. [Eep. 7; fo. 98.] 



xxii. Introduction. 

J. Allotfc (1583) were removed to other Wards, the former before and the latter within a 
month after the close of his second year. 

With regard to the other Wards, in which the two years' limit was not increased, 
we have the following instances of the regulation being broken or suspended :— 

1483. J. Mathewe (Aldersgate to Bridge). 

1483. W. Martin (Tower to Cordwainer). 

1487. B. Tilney (Cripplegate to Castle Baynard). 

1503. T. Bradbury (Aldersgate to Coleman Street). 

1523. B. Dodmer (Queenhithe to Vintry). 

1525. N. Lambarde (Queenhithe to Billingsgate). 

1532. M. Dormer (Aldersgate to Vintry). 

1536. J. Cotes (Aldersgate to Dowgate). 

1536. H. Huberthorn (Parringdon Within to Bread Street). 

1550. T. OfHey (Portsoken to Aldgate). 

1588. W. Elkyn (Cripplegate to Dowgate). 

1592. B. Brooke (Queenhithe to Walbrook). 

1603. Sir J. Pembertou (Bishopsgate to Castle Baynard). 

1663. Sir T. Bludworth (Portsoken to Aldersgate). 

The custom of translating Aldermen from one Ward to another, which was very 
common from the 15th till the end of the third quarter of the 17th century then practically 
ceased, the only transfers after 1675, except to Bridge Without under the Act of 1711, being 
those of Sir R. Clayton from Cordwainer to Cheap in 1676, of Sir T. Alleyn from Aldgate 
to Bridge Without in 1679, of Sir B. Hanson from Bassishaw to Farringdon Within in 
1680, and of Sir H. Edwin from Cheap to Tower in 1689. (I take no account ot 
the translations during the suspension of the Charters, which were the acts of the King 
and not of the Court of Aldermen.)<"= 

By an Act of Common Council in September, 1711, as stated above, the Act of 1402 was 
repealed, and it was provided that for future vacancies one Alderman and one Commoner 
should be nominated and returned to the Court of Aldermen for the final choice. Only six 
elections took place under this Act, those of T. Scawen, P. 'DelmS, G. Merttins, 
J. Lawrence, F. Forbes and E. Child, and in each case the Commoner returned was 
selected. The Act of 1714, which restored the ancient custom of direct election, specially 
provided that only a person ' not an Alderman ' should be nominated, and translation, 
therefore, became impossible. Bridge Ward Without was, however, an exception, as the 
Act of 1711, which is still in force as regards this provision, gave the Aldermanry of the 
Ward to the senior Alderman at the time of each future vacancy who should have passed 
the Chair and be willing to accept translation. Before 1711 that Ward had received 7 
Aldermen by translation and 14 had migrated from it.^™ 

The numbers polled at all the elections of Aldermen since the passing of the Act of 
1714 will be found in the Ward Lists in these volumes. The present writer contributed a 
Summary of the number of contests in each Ward to Sir John Baddeley's Aldermen of 
Cripplegate Ward (p. 204). It is an evidence of the increasing interest taken in these 
elections, or at least of the increase in the number of citizens willing to place their services 
at the disposal of the Ward electors, that whereas at the date of that work (1900) the number 
of contests for a period of 186 years was only 90, it now (1912) amounts to 103 in 198 years. 
Aldersgate is the only Ward in which there has been no contest during that period, 
Cripplegate and Dowgate have provided only one each and Candlewiok two. 



The Mayor, (who for nearly four centuries has been styled ' Lord Mayor,' though the 
designation rests on prescriptive use and not on any specific grant), presides over the Court 
of Aldermen in virtue of his office. The date of the institution of the Mayoralty has not 

47c. For lists of Aldermen who served for Ave, four or three different Wards see ante, vol. I., p. 240. 

47d. See anU vol. I., pp. 240, 241, for a table of removals to and from each Ward before 1711, and 
p. 69 for details as to the removals to Bridge Without under the Act of that year. Both subjects are dealt 
with more fully in Sir John Baddeley's Aldermen of Cripplegate Ward, pp. 192-205, to which portion of that 
work the present writer contributed some notes. 



Intkoduction. xxiii. 

been definitely fixed. It is certain that Henry fitz-Ailwyn was the first Mayor and that he 
retained his post till his death in September, 1212. The date which until recent years 
was generally accepted as that of his appointment (1189, 1 Eichard I.) rests on the 
authority of the Chronicles of Mayors and Sheriffs, and is now practically abandoned by 
writers of repute. The office, if not actually contemporaneous with the grant of the 
Commune in October, 1191, must have been created shortly after, but the earliest certain 
mention of fitz-Ailwyn as Mayor is in the year 1193.<'^ I do not propose here to deal with the 
general question of the grant of the Commune. Mr. Bound's articles on ' The struggle of 
John and Lougohamp ' and ' the Commune of London,' which form a portion (pp. 207-260) 
of the work to which he has given the title of the latter as a collective name, must be read 
by every careful student of the origins of City government, and with them Miss Bateson's 
papers on ' A Municipal Collection of the reign of John '*^ and Professor G. B. Adams' 
article on ' London and the Commune ' in the English Historical Review.^ So far as the 
identity or connexion (or non-connexion) of the Mayor's advising Council with the Aldermen 
at the beginning of the 13th century is involved, I have already^i summarised Mr. Round's 
and Miss Bateson's arguments : that particular issue lies outside the more general subject of 
Professor Adams' very able and informing essay. 

That the Mayor was almost invariably himself an Alderman of a Ward from the first 
may be assumed with confidence ; in the case of almost every Mayor elected before the 
accession of Edward I.,^!* (after which date we have the evidence of the Letter Books and 
Husting Rolls), his name appears as an Alderman in the Chronicles of Mayors and Sheriffs 
or in the St. Paul's MSS.,52or in the Ancient Deeds preserved at the Becord Office. I think 
that there was an exception in the case of Henry le Waleys' (or Galeys') last period of 
Mayoralty (1293-1299), though the point has escaped the notice of all previous writers, 
including Dr. Sharpe in his Calendars of Letter Books. Le Waleys had been Alderman of 
Dowgate up to 1294, and while holding that Aldermanry had been Mayor for the year 1273-4 
and again from 1280 to 1284, but with one exception I can find no trace of authority for his 
having been an Alderman (otherwise than in virtue of his Mayoral office) after 1294. That 
exception is an entry in Letter Book C, fo. 49, under date August, 1300, where it is recorded 
that one Simon le Coteler appeared before W. de Leyre and W. de Finchingfeud, the 
Mayor's deputies, H. le Waleys and five other persons named, 'Aldermen.' A careful 
examination of all the attendances of Aldermen recorded in the Letter Books in the years 
1298, 1299, 1300, and of the entries in the Husting Bolls of Aldermen acting for particular 
Wards in those years, shows almost conclusively that there was no vacancy among the 
Aldermen of Wards in those years that he could have filled. I am of opinion, therefore, 
that Waleys, who, having occupied the Mayoral Chair for five years and presided over a 
Ward for a quarter of a century, held a unique position among the citizens, was permitted 
by courtesy, or perhaps specially invited, to attend meetings of the Court of Aldermen after 
ceasing to be Mayor.^ As will be seen later, it was not till 1435 that the present tenure 
of an Aldermanry was made a necessary qualification for the Mayoralty. 

During the period of annual elections of Aldermen (1377-1394), inasmuch as the 
Aldermen were elected in March and the Mayor in October, it necessarily followed that 
while the provision forbidding re-election of an Alderman till after a year's interval was in 

48. Hoveden Cronica CRoUa Series) iii., 212, See Mr. Round's article on fitz-Ailwyn in D.j^.B., 
also his paper in the Academy of November 12, 1887. 

49. English Historical Review, vol. 17 (July and October, 1902), pp. 480-611, 707-730. 

50. Emjllsh Historical Review, vol. 19 (July and October, 1904), pp. 702-706. 

51. See ante pp. xii.-xiv. 

51a. I have not found any direct evidence in the cases of Roger fitz-Alan, William Hardel and 
Salomon de Basing that they were Aldermen, but 1 see no reason for doubting the fact. 

53. Historical M88. Commission, 9th Report Appendix, pp. 1-72. 

53. There is an almost parallel case in the year 1297. On November 30 in that year there was 
an assembly of all the Aldermen there present in the City, the Sheriffs and six men from each Ward 
where the name of * Sir Robert de Basiage<i, Citizen and Knight ' stands first on the list, preceding all 
the Aldermen [Letter Book O, f o. 103b] . Basingea had very recently ceased to be an Alderman, after 
serving lor some fifteen years. [At the close of the present year (1912) the Earl of Derby, on retiring from 
the Lord Mayoralty of Liverpool, has been granted the privilege of attending meetings of the Corporation of 
that City during the Mayoral year 1912-13, and of occupying the seat of the immediate ex-Lord Mayor, 
although no longer a member of that body.] 



;xiv. Introduction. 

force, the Cbair must be filled, and after the repeal of that provision might be filled, during 
the earlier or later portion of his year of office by one who was not himself an Alderman of 
a Ward. This occurred in the cases of 

Adam Stable, from March 12 to March 26, 1377. 

Nicholas Brembre, from March, 1377, to March, 1378, and from October, 1383, 
to March, 1384, 

John Philipot,.from March to October, 1379. 

John Hadle, from October, 1379, to March, 1380, and from October, 1393, to 
March, 1394. 

William Walworth, from March to October, 1381. 

John de Northampton, from October, 1381, to March, 1383, and from March 
to October, 1383. 

There is one later case, that of John Heende, elected Mayor in October, 1404, who 
shortly after, (probably before the close of the year and certainly before June, 1405), became 
Alderman of Walbrook again.^'" 

The limits of this Introduction precluding me from setting out in full detail the 
various changes in the constituency by which the Mayor and Sheriffs were elected from 
time to time, the following summary must suffice. The Charter of John (May, 1215) granted 
the right of annually electing the Mayor to ' the Barons of London.' ^' In the earlier Letter 
Books elections are recorded by 'the Mayor and Aldermen and the whole commonalty,'=« 
'the good men of the whole commonalty,'^ 'all the Aldermen in conjunction with 
twelve men of each Ward.'*' In 1315 the King (Edward II.) forbade the attendance at 
elections of Mayors and Sheriffs or any not specially summoned^: on October 28, 1346, it 
was agreed at a congregation of ' the Mayor, Aldermen, and an immense commonalty ' that 
in future there should be summoned to these elections ' twelve, eight or six, according as the 
Ward is large or small, of the wealthier and wiser of each Ward,'^^ and on October 11, 1350, 
the number was specifically limited to ' four of the best men of each Ward.'™* On September 
28, 1467, the right of election was given to ' the Common Council, Masters and Wardens 
of each Mistery coming in their livery with other good men specially summoned,'^" (the 
'good men' not being expressly limited to the misteries), and on September 13, 1475, it 
was ordained that the Master and Wardens of the Misteries, together with ' good men of 
the same ' and no other except ' good men of the Common Council ' should be present at 
the elections of Mayors and Sheriffs.™* From that date, excepting for a brief interval 
during the Commonwealth^! and again during the suspension of the Charter (1683-1688), 
the election has been in the hands of the Livery. This was recognized by the Act of 
Parliament passed in 1725 (11 George I. c 18) ' for regulating elections within the City 
of London ' which provided that an elector must have been a Freeman of the City and a 
Liveryman of one of the companies for twelve months.^^ 

53a. See p. 3 of this volume (footnote). 

54. Birch Historical Charters of the City of London, p. 49. 

65. Letter Books C, fE. 36b, 61, 111b, 112b ; D, fE. lb, 5b, 6. In 1320 (D, fo. 6b) we have 'a very great 
Commonalty.' 

66. Letter Book D. fo. 3. 

57. Letter Books B, (o. 93 : 0, ft. 62b, 70, 112, 112b, 113 : D, ff. 2, 3b. 

58. Letter Book D, fo. 4b. 
69. Letter Book P, fo. 237b. 
59a. Letter Book F, fo. 191b. 

60. Letter Book L,fo. '53 : Journal 7, fo. 155. The right of election had been conceded to the Liveries 
in August, 1376, whose representatives were to form the Common Council and could alone take part in the 
choosing of Mayoi-s and Sheriffs. Letter Book C, fo. 46b. This, however, only lasted till January, 1384, when 
the selection of the Common Council was restored to the Wardmote^. Letter Book, C, fo. 173. [The Common 
Council had once before 1376 been elected by the Misteries (in November, 1361) but this was an exceptional 
case : before that date and afterwards till 1376, it was chosen by the Wards. Letter Boob F, fo. 206.] 

60a. Letter Book L, fo. 113 : Journal 8, fo. 108b. ^ 

61. Au Act of Common Council passed November 4, 1651 (Journal 41, fo. 65b), restricted the riglit of 
election to the Aldermen, Common Couucilmen and a like number of other honest men of each Ward, but after 
the Restoration the Liveries again became the electoral body. 

62. Birch Eistorical Charters of the City of London, pp. 276, 277. 



IntboductioU. xxv. 

By an Ordinance of Common Council passed on December 13, 1385, it was agreed 
that every future Mayor should ' have previously been Sheriff, so that he may be tried as to 
his governance and bounty before he attains to the estate of Mayoralty.'^ In the majority 
of instances before this time the Mayor had already served as Sheriff : the following, however, 
had not passed through that form of apprenticeship in the mystery of civic administration, 
viz. ; Henry fitz-Ailwyn,'Peter fitz-Alan(M. 1246-7), Roger fitz-Roger (M. 1249-50), John le 
Blund (M. 1301-8), Nicholas de Farndone (M. 1308-9, 1313-4, 1320-1, 1323), John de Gisors 
(M. 1311-3, 1314-5), John de Wengrave (M. 1316-9), Richard de Betoyne (M. 1326-7), 
Simon Swanlond (M. 1329-38), Sir John de Pulteney (M. 1380-2, 1338-4, 1336-7), Adam 
Fraunceys (M. 1352-4). The only case after the passing of the ordinance of 1384 occurred 
during the suspension of the Charter, when Sir John Eyles was appointed Lord Mayor by 
the King (James II.) on September 7, 1688, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of 
Sir John Shorter, although he had not served the Shrievalty. Eyles' tenure of the Mayoralty 
was brief, as he was displaced on October 5 following, when the Charter was restored. 

On October 18, 1406, a new custom, similar to that which had been adopted in 1397 
with regard to the election of Aldermen, was introduced into the proceedings at election of 
the Mayor, which custom (except during the suspension of the Charter from 1683 to 1688) 
has continued in force to the present time, viz. : that the ' reputable Commoners of the 
City ' present in Common Hall should ' nominate unto the Mayor and Aldermen two such 
able and proper persons as had before filled the office of Sheriff in the City : it being for the 
said Commoners to take no care which one of the persons' so to be nominated should be 
chosen by the Mayor and Aldermen to be Mayor for the ensuing year.'^* The names 
of both the Aldermen returned at subsequent elections have been preserved for the years 
1406, 1408, and with considerable lacuncB from 1439 lo the suspension of the Charter in 1683. 
From the restoration of the Charter the records are complete either at Guildhall or in 
contemporary newspapers. The modern custom of returning the two senior Aldermen, 
being ex-Sherifis, below the Chair, of whom the Aldermen chose the first, was not at first 
observed: the only cases I have noticed during the remaining 94 years of the 15th 
century of the election to the Mayoralty of the senior Alderman who had not already 
served the office are not more than 22 in number, those of T. Fauooner (1414), N. Wotton 
(1415), H. Barton (1416), J. Michell (1424), T. Chalton (1449), W. Gregory (1451), J. Norman 
(1453), T. Scott (1458), M. Philip (1463), E. Josselyn (1464), E. Verney (1465), W. Taillour 
(1468), R. Bassett (1475), H. Hayford (1477), Sir B. Jamys (1479), Sir W. Stokker (1485), 
H. Bryce (1485), H. Colet (I486), E. Tate (1188)-, E. Chawry (1494), J. Tate [ii.] (1496), 
W. Remyngton (1500). 

From the end of the first decade of the 16th century the custom gradually became 
established, though with frequent breaches, in some cases certainly with the consent, if not 
at the instance, of the senior Alderman, who wished to evade the Mayoralty expenses altogether 
or to postpone his year of office. From the accession of Elizabeth such cases were 
increasingly rare, and from 1596 till 1640 there wasno interruption to the ordinary course 
of seniority. In 1640 the Royalist Sir William Acton was rejected in Common Hall ; 
in the following year the next senior Alderman to Acton, although a Royalist (Richard 
Gurney), was elected, but from that time tiU 1652 the seniors were not returned, J. Cordell 
being passed over at seven and T. Soame at ten successive elections. From 1652 to the 
Restoration the normal order of election was observed, the Royalist senior Aldermen being 
now removed, and with the exception of the passing over with his own consent of 
Sir T. Soame during the seven years in which he remained an Alderman after the King's 
return and his own re-admission to the Aldermanic body and the postponement of 
Sir R. Ford from 1669 to 1670, there was no further departure from it till the period of the 
Revolution, the senior Aldermen being elected in turn during the period of the suspension 
of the Charter, except for the few weeks in which the Mayoral Chair was occupied by 
Sir John Eyles in September and October, 1688. 



63. Letter Book H, fo. 197. 

64. Letter Book I, fo. 64 : Memorials of London (trans. Kiley), p. 665. On the same day John 
Woiecok, the retiring Mayor, Initiated the custom of having a solemn celebration of the Mass ol the Holy 
Spirit before the meeting for election. 



Xxvi. iNTEODUCTtON. 

Prom 1689 to 1702 inclusive, throughout the whole reign of William III., the rule of 
seniority was broken in order to keep out the Tory Aldermen Sir J. Baymond, Sir P. Daniel 
and Sir S. Dashwood, the last named of whom was at last elected in 1702. s^^ From thence to 
1782 there was a succession of senior eligible Aldermen below the Chair : then followed 
the passing over of B. Levett from 1732 to 1740 (apparently at his own desire) and the 
rejection at the poll of Sir G. Champion in 1739, owing to his support of Walpole's Excise 
Scheme : the latter, though he remained an Alderman till his death in 1754, made no 
further attempt to attain to the Mayoralty. Apparently in retaliation for Champion's 
rejection, the Court of Aldermen in which there was a small Walpolean majority, rejected 
Sir Bobert Godschall, a strong Tory, though returned at four successive elections in 1740 and 
1741, but at the annual election in October of the latter year they accepted him. The 
next Alderman passed over was Sir P. Gosling (at his own wish) in 1766, 1767 and 1768. 
From 1768 to 1776 the Wilkes agitation, which had the support of the majority of the 
livery, caused the passing over of Sir Henry Bankes in five successive years until his death, 
aud the election out of their turns of Wilkes himself and of the Opposition Aldermen Beckford 
(who had already passed the chair), Trecothick, Crosby, Townsend, Bull and Sawbridge. 
From 1776 the ordinary rota of succession was observed until 1797, except that Brook 
Watson, being engaged on the King's service as Commissary General in Flanders, was 
passed over in 1793, 1794 and 1795, accepting office in 1796. The two senior Aldermen 
below the Chair (W. Newman and G. M. Macauley) were not returned in the years from 
1797 to 1801. Newman, who was defeated at a poll in 1800, and was one of the two 
returned in 1801, when the Tory majority in the Court of Aldermen ebose Sir John Eamer, 
diei in 1802, and Macauley, who also was a Whig, was again passed over in that 
year, dying early in 1808. Harvey Combe, the leader of the civic '^higs, though junior to 
these, had been returned to the Court at six successive elections between 1795 and 1799, aud 
was chosen at the second election of the latter year. From 1811 to 1820 Sir Matthew 
Bloxam, who was the senior Alderman who had not served as Mayor, stood aside, his 
financial position not admitting of his undertaking the office : in 1816 Matthew Wood, 
whose pronounced Radicalism had made him a popular favourite when Toryism under the 
Regency had become odious ' to the general,' was re-elected for a second year ; in 1820 
J. T. Thorp, another leader of the civic Liberals, was preferred to four Aldermen senior to 
himself, one of whom, C. Magnay, had been passed over in the preceding year, and 
another, R. A, Cox, was similarly overlooked at the five subsequent elections 
during his life. From that date till the present time the only interferences with 
the natural order have been the re-elections of Sir J. Key during the Reform Bill 
agitation in 1831, the rejection of James Harmer at the poll in 1840 in consequence 
of his proprietorship of the Weekly Dispatch, and that of Thomas Wood by the 
Court in 1841, 1842, 1844 and 1845, and at the poll in 1843, owing to his transactions in 
connexion with the Talacre Coal and Iron Company, the re-election of William Cubitt in 
1861, the voluntary postponement for a year of T. Dakin in 1869, and of T. S. Owden in 
1876, and the passing over of S. C. Hadley in 1883, when R. N. Fowler was returned with 
him, two other senior Aldermen being passed over. 

In the eighteenth century there were a few cases of Aldermen attaining to the 
senior place below the Chair without serving as Sheriifs : hence they were not eligible for 
the Mayoralty. Sir Thomas Soawen, who was Aldermen of Cornhill from 1712 till his 
death in 1730, had been elected Sheriff and paid his fine instead of serving in 1704. Sir 
Joseph Hankey, Alderman of Langbourn from 1737 till his death in 1769 was also 
never Sheriff, having been rejected at the poll of the Ijivery in 1742 on account of his 
Walpolean politics, when a Jacobite, William Benn, was elected, and as Sir Henry 
Hankey, who preceded him and served as Sheriff in 1732-3, died before reaching the Chair, 
that Ward had no Lord Mayor for over 50 years, from the close of Sir P. Delm^'s Mayoralty 
in 1724 to the election of J. Sawbridge in 1775. Sir William Baker, who was Alderman of 
Bassishaw from 1739 till his death in 1770, was also never Sheriff : at the time of his death 

64a. Raymond was returned at the head ol the poll in 1690, but passed over by the Whig majority 
in the Court of Aldermen in favour of Sir T. Pilkington : he was unsuccessful at the poll in 1689, 1691, 1692, 
and 1693. Daniel was defeated in 1690, 1692, and 1698, and Dashwood in 1691, 170O and 1701. 



Intkoduction. 



xxvn. 



he was senior to all the Aldermen who had passed the Chair. G-eorge Arnold also, who was 
Alderman of Cheap from 1740 till his death in 1751, failed to reach the Mayoralty for 
the same reason. Sir Harcourt Master, Alderman of Coleman Street 1718 till his 
death in 1745, who lived to see eighteen of his juniors in the Chair, was disqualified by 
Act of Parliament from election to any public office on account of having been one of the 
Directors of the South Sea Company at the time of the celebrated ' Bubble ' (1721) .«•> 

In the early years of the Mayoralty it was rather the rule than the exception for a 
Mayor to be re-elected either continuously or after a short interval. In the 13th century 
only 30 persons filled the office : in the first 40 years of the 14th century only 16 fresh 
names were added, and between 1340 and 1424, twenty-three Mayors served for more than 
one term and two others, who had filled the Chair before the latter date, were re-elected 
afterwards. On October 13, 1424, the Common Council enacted that in consideration of 
the great and increasing expenses of the Mayoralty in comparison with former days, no 
one should be elected a second time till after the lapse of full seven years from his last 
term of office^ ; a previous ordiuauoe'of January 12, 1389, had imposed a close time of 
five years, which was now extended.^s 

On April 8, 1435, a further ordinance enacted that no one who had served twice as 
Mayor should be called on to fiU the office a third time, and added as a specific provision, 
though there had been but one case to the contrary since the abandonment of annual 
elections of Aldermen, that whosoever should be elected Mayor must be an Alderman at 
the time as well as an ex-Sheriff.^' 



On October 6, 154S, it was enacted that a Mayor who had served one whole year 
should not be eligible to that office for another whole year or be compelled ' eftsones to 
assume, exeroyse or take upon hym the said office for any other tyme or seasoun.'^^ 

The re-elections of Pilkington in 1690 and of Barnard in 1741 were in contravention 
of the words of the Acts of 1424 and 1545 and were held, when the question of Beokford's 
eligibility was raised in 1770, to have established precedents which rendered those Acts 
obsolete. 

The instances of Mayors elected for a second term of office from 1424 to the 
present time are : — 

Henry Barton (1416-7), 1428-9. 
Nicholas Wotton (1415-6), 1430-1. 
John Michel (1424-5), 1436-7. 
Sir William Estfeld (1429-30), 1437-8. 
Henry Prowyk (1435-6), 1444-5. 
John Gedney (1427-8), 1447-8. 
Stephen Broun (1438-9), 1448-9. 
Sir Richard Lee (1460-1), 1469-70. 
Sir Ralph Josselyn (1464-5), 1476-7. 
Sir Henry Colet (1486-7), 1495-6. 
Sir WiUiam Capel (1503-4), ISlO.f « 
Sir Richard Haddon (1506-7), 1513.t 
Sir John Tate (1496-7), 1514.t 
Sir John Aleyn (1525-6), 1535-6. 



Sir Ralph Warren (1536-7), 1544.t 

Sir Eowland Heywarde (1570-1), 1591.t 

Sir Richard Martyn (1589-90), 1594.t 

Isaac Penington (1642), f 1642-3. 

Thomas Andrewes (1649), t 1650-1. 

Sir Thomas Pilkington (1689), t 1689-90, 

1690-1. 
Humphrey Parsons (1730-1),1740-1.* 
William Beckford (1762-3), 1769-70.' 
Sir Matthew Wood (1815-6), 1816-7. 
Sir John Key (1830-1), 1831-2. 
William Cubitt (1860-1), 1861-2. 
Sir Robert Fowler (1883-4), 1885.t 



64b. He had already (1717-8) served the office of Sheriff and In the ordinary courje, but for liis 
statutory disqualiflcation, would have been Lord Mayor in the year 1728-9. 

65. Letter Book K, lo. 22b. 

66. Letter Book H, fo. 245b. 

67. Letter Book K, lo. 149. 

68. Letter Book Q, lo. 146. 

69. Those marked t served for only a portion ol the year indicated, Penington and Andrewes 
having been elected in the room ol Lord Mayors displaced and the rest to All death vacancies. 

Those marked ' died belore the expiration ol then- second terms of oflce. 



xx-viii. Introduction. 

In addition to the foregoing, the following were elected for a second term, but 
refused to accept office again : — 

George Monoux (1514-5), 1523. John Thomas Thorp (1820-1), 1831. 

Sir John Barnard (1737-8), 1741. William Thompson (1828-9), 1831. 

Thomas Skinner (1794-5), 1799. 

The death of a Lord Mayor while in office is of comparatively rare occurrence. 
There have been 28 such cases in the course of six centuries, with regard to which it is 
worthy of notice that two died in one week (1485) of the ' Sweating Sickness,' four 
within a little more than six years (1508 to 1514), five others within eight years 
(1589 to 1596), and five in less than thirteen years (1741 to 1753). There has been only 
one instance in the last century and a half. The following is the complete list : — 

H. fitz-Ailwyn, September, 1212. Sir W. Rowe ...October, 1593.63* 

A. Bukerel, during theyear 1237-8. Sir 0. Buckle ... July, 1594. 

K. Eenger 1239. T. Skinner December, 1596. 

J. de Oxenford ... June, 1342. E. Freeman ... March, 1634. 

A. Bamme ... J-une, 1397. J.Warner ... October, 1648.63" 

Sir T. Hill September, 1485. Sir J. Shorter September, 1688. 

SirW. Stokker September, 1485. Sir J. Chapman ... March, 1689. 

W. Browne [i.] March, 1508. H. Parsons ... March, 1741. 

T. Bradbury ... January, 1510. Sir E. Godschall June, 1742. 

W. Copynger ...February, 1513. Sir S. Pennant ... May, 17.50. 

W. Browne [ii.] June, 1514. T. Winterbottom June, 1752. 

Sir W. Bowyer ... April, 1544. E. Ironside November, 1753. 

Sir M. Calthorpe May, 1589. W. Beckford ... June, 1770. 

Sir J. AUott September, 1591. G. S. Nottage ... April, 1885. 

In the 13th century and early part of the 14th the date of the Mayoral election 
was the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude (October 28).™ At the meeting for election on 
that day in 1346 only ten Aldermen being present, others absenting themselves so as to 
avoid being called on to serve as Mayor, it was then and there agreed that in future the 
election should take place on the Feast of St. Edward the King (October 13) , and that the 
Mayor elect should assume office on Oct. 28. 'i On September 28, 1365, it was ordered 
that the old election day (St. Simon and St. Jude's Day) should be restored ' as of ancient 
time it was accustomed to be done'™ and in 1365 and 1367 this ordinance was observed'* 

there is no record of the annual election m 1366— but in 1368 St. Edward's Day was 

a^ain adopted''* and no further change was made till on August 1 , 1546, the annual election 
was finally fixed for Michaelmas Day (September 29).'-5 The day for assuming office was 
altered from October 28 to November 9, at the Reformation of the Calendar in 1751. On 
two occasions only, except when Michaelmas Day has fallen on a Sunday, has any 
alteration been made in the election day since 1546. In 1683 it was postponed by a 
resolution of the Common Council (September 27) till October 6, and in 1690 by the 
Statute 2 William and Mary, <j. 8 (repealing the judgments in the Quo Warranto pro- 
ceedings), it was provided (sec. 10) that in this year the election of both Mayor and 
Sheriffs should take place on May 26, those elected to hold office till the close of the 
Mayoral and Shrieval year respectively in 1691. ■'*» 



With regard to the title of ' Lord Mayor a, few words may here be said. Until 
recently the accepted tradition has been that it was implicitly or explicitly conferred by 
the ' Charter of Maces,' granted by Edward III. in 1354. It is to be regretted that this 

69a. Rowe and Warner died eacli in his last week of office after liis successor had been elected. 

,„ ( Chronicles of Mayors and Sheriffs (trans. Riley), pp. 6. (1231), 12 (1245), 19 (1251), 74 (1264), 133 (1270), 

'"■ 1 Letter Books C, D, passim (1298-1320). [154 (1272), 167 (1273). 

71. Letter Book F, fo. 237b. (One of the absentees, G. Wychingham, was elected Mayor.) 

72. Letter Book G, fo. 165. 

73. Letter Book G, ff. 173, 196. 

74. Letter Book G, to. 216b. 

76. Letter Book Q, lo. 182b : Journal 15, fo. 268b. 

75a. Dr. Sharpe, LoncUm and the Kingdom, ii., 555. Birch, Eistorical Charters, fo. 271. 



Introduction. xxix. 

foolish legend, which has no higher authority than a suggestion of Maitland that ' no 
time bids so fair for it' (i.e. the conferring of the title Lord Mayor) 'as the occasion of 
this Charter of Maces being granted '™ should have received the imprimatur of the 
Corporation in the valuable Official Statement presented to the Eoyal Commission in 
1893. Upon the original assumption other writers have engrafted the additional fiction 
that the first Lord Mayor was Thomas Legge, (or as he is called in the Letter Books 
' Leggy '), which has found very general acceptance through being incorporated in popular 
works of reference, such as Dr. Brewer's Handbook of Phrase and Fable, Haydn's 
Dictionary of Dates, and Whitaker's Almanack. As has been pointed out by Dr. Sharpe" 
and repeated by myself in the earlier volume of this work,™ Leggy was not Mayor at the 
date of the Charter (June 10, 1354) : he did not succeed Adam Fraunceys till October of 
that year. That either Fraunceys or Leggy was styled 'Lord Mayor' or that the 
designation was in use during the next hundred years, there is not a scintilla of evidence 
to show, but overwhelming evidence to disprove. The whole assumption is sheer 
nonsense. Bishop Stubbs' theory that the King (Richard II.) in 1389 presented his own 
sword to the Mayor who thenceforward was known as the ' Lord Mayor "'^ is so entirely 
wanting in support, contemporary or other, that, despite the Bishop's great authority, it 
may be regarded as negligible. 

That the designation of ' Lord Mayor ' was not in general use before the second 
quarter of the 16th century is beyond question, though there are traces of its gradual 
evolution during the preceding sixty years. It does not occur in the Chronicle of 
William Gregory (himself a Chief Magistrate), which is continued after his death to the 
year 1467, and in which up to the latest year recorded ' Mayre ' appears without a prefix. 
In the Short English Chronicle (Lambeth MS. 306) which ends with 1464, there is a 
similar absence of the modern designation, the title 'Maire' (with the orthographical 
variants ' Mayr ' ' Meir ' ' Meyr ') being the only one used. 

The germ of the title is seen at a much earlier date than that of the Charter of 
Maces, for there is a record of proceedings taken, ' coram domino Maiore ' on October 12, 
1283.™'' So far as I have observed this form of expression does not occur again until 
September 14, 1440, when ' dominus Maior ' is recorded to have received letters from 
the King regarding the interference of the Sheriffs with the rights of sanctuary of the 
Church of St. Martin le Grand.™ This may be translated ' the lord the Mayor,' though 
probably it meant no more originally than ' Sir Mayor ' on the analogy of ' Sir Knight.' 
In a later minute we have an account of a meeting between the Bishop (Kemp) of 
London and the Mayor (John Norman) at St. Paul's on March 12, 1454, when the former 
is represented as addressing the latter as 'domine Maior'.™ On February 24, 1455, the 
Wardens and ' good men ' of the Mistery of Horners presented a petition to ' the honour- 
able and good lord the Mair, worshipfull soveraignes the Aldermen,' &c.8i A similarly 
worded petition is recorded in April, 1467.^'* On September 2, 1469, we have a proclama- 
tion by ' my lord the Maire ' against breaches of the peace. On October 2, 1469, another 
petition is addressed to ' the full honourable lord the Maior ' ;*2 in June, 1471, we have 
' the full honourables lords the Maire and Aldermen '^ and ' my lord the Mayor ' appears 
in a proclamation against vagabonds under date November 22, 1475.^" In two orders 
for the destruction of unlawful nets and sacks of coal of deficient capacity, which are 
undated, but from their place in the records may be assigned with certainty to the 

76. History of London, i., 129. [Noorthouck {History of London, p. 90 (says that ' it was on this occasion, 

probably, that the Chief Magistrate began to be called Lord Mayor,' and Birch (Historical Charters, 
p. xxvii) copies Noorthouck's words within quotation marks, but without expressing any opinion.] 

77. London and the Kingdom, i., 196, 197 ; see also quotation in The Times ol December 3, 1901 (in a letter by 

the present writer), from an unpublished memorandum on the subject by Dr. Sharpe. 

78. See ante, vol. I., p. 407. 

78a. Constitutional History of England, ill., 579. 
78b. Letter Book A, fo. 30b. 

79. Letter Book K, fo. 189b. 

80. Letter Book K, fo. 273b. 

81. Letter Book K, fo. 276b. 
81a. Journal 7, fo. 144b. 

82. Journal 7, £E. 199b, 201b. 

83. Journal 7, fo.'236b. 
83a. Journal 8, to. 121. 



XXX. Introduction. 

early months of 1486, we have 'my Lord Maire'.^* On October 10, 1504, there is a 
petition to ' the Right honourable Lord the Mayor ' and an order for the payment 
of the Swordbearer's bill for the ' ordering of my Lord Mayor's house '.*> 

[In the compilation of the foregoing details I have been enabled to verify and 
supplement my original notes by comparison with the proof-sheets of Dr. Sharpe's 
Calendar of Letter Book L, now passing through the press.] 

The question of the date of the designation was discussed in The Times in 
November and December, 1901, when Mr. St. John Hope asserted that ' down to about 
1540 ' the Chief Magistrate was invariably styled ' Mayor ', giving examples from the 
Kspertories and Journals under dates 1512, 1518, 1522, 1535, 1537, admitting however, 
(somewhat inconsistently with his use of the word ' invariably ') , that ' there are instances 
as early as 1519 ' where he is referred to as ' my lord the Mayr '. 

I have examined carefully the minutes in the Repertories recording the 
nominations of the Chief Magistrate as one of the four persons returned to the Court of 
Aldermen for selection to fill a vacancy in their number. These minutes are sometirnes 
entered in English, sometimes in Latin. There is no nomination of a ' Lord Mayor' as 
Alderman in the 15th century : the earliest is of Sir William Capel, ' M. Lorde Maire ', when 
named for Cripplegate on April 24, 1504,80 though ho is styled ' Maior ' simply when 
nominated for Bread Street on February 6 preceding,*' as is Sir B. Rede in connexion 
with the Cheap vacancy in December, 1502.88 Then we have nominations in 150S, 1506, 
1508, 1509, 1511, in all of which the Chief Magistrate is described as ' Maior ' or ' Mayre '-.^ 
then follows an isolated case of ' my lorde Maier ', applied to R. Acheley when nominated 
f or Parringdon Without on April 20, 1512.* After this we have six successive nominations, 
one in 1513, two in 1514, one in 1517, three in 1523, in which the simple ' Mayor ' is again 
used.91 On May 30, 1525, Sir W. Bayley (Queenhithe),^^ and on June 9, 1528, Sir James 
Spencer (Parringdon Within)^^ appear respectively as ' Ds. {i.e. domlnus) Maior ' and ' my 
lord mayre'. The older and simpler title is again used in 1530, 1532 and 1534,^* after 
which ' Lord Mayor ' or its Latin equivalent is the invariable rule, instances occurring on 
March 11, 1535 (Sir J. Champneys)85 ; December 13, 1535,9" January 10, 1536,97 
May 22, 1536,98 September 20, 153699 (Sir John Aleyn) ; October g™ and 21, 1539i»i 
(Sir W. Forman), May 31, 1541 (Sir W. Eoche).™ 

Sir J. Aleyn, in his Will (August 13, 1545) uses both the older and the later styles: 
he bequeaths his collar of SS. to ' the Lord Mayre of London for the tyme being . . . and 
his successors May res '.i"* 

If we extend our researches beyond official documents to contemporary chroniclers, 
we have the evidence of Wriothesley's Chronicle in which the Chief Magistrate is 
uniformly referred to as ' Maire ' or ' Mayor ' up to May 30, 1545 and ' my Lord Mayor ' 

84. Letter Book h, to. 214b. 

85. Rep. ], fo. 113b. 

86. Kep. 1, Jo. 165b. [The ' M ' before Lorcle Maire,' which is prefixed also to the names of tlie other 

candidates, appears to represent ' Tnagisier ' (= Master, the modern ' Mister ').] 

87. Journal 10, fo. 303b. 

88. Rep. 1, fo.118. 

89. Repp. 1, fo. 176 : 2, ffl. 3, 63b, 76b, 113. 

90. Rep. 2, fo. 133b. 

91. Repp. 2, ft. 163, 180, 180b : 3, fo. 140 : 4, S. 148, 148b, 167. 

92. Rep. 7, fo. 43b. 

93. Rep. 7, fo. 264. 

94. Repp. 8, fl. 131b, 228b : 9, fo. 47. 
96. Rep. 9, fo. 99. 

96. Rep. 9, fo. 144. 

97. Eep. 9, fo. 148. 

98. Hep. 9, fo. 178. 

99. Rep. 9, fo. 196b. 

100. Rep. 10, fo. 138b. 

101. Rep. 10, fo. 141. 

102. Rep. 10, fo. 210 ; Letter Book Q, fo. 23. 

103. P.C.C. 1 Alen. 



Intkoduction. xxxi. 

from and after June 8, 15i5. Thus the death of Sir William Bowyer, Mayor, is recorded on 
April 13, 1544, and the election of Sir Balph Warren as ' Mayor ' four days later :1m 
'Mr. William Laxton, Mayor,' is named on February 8, 1545i<« and referred to as 'the 
Mayor of London ' on May 30 foUowing.KK but as ' my lord Mayor ' on June 8,w which 
designation is accorded to Sir Martin Bowes in April and in August, 1546.™ I do not 
suggest that the title was explicitly or implicitly conferred between May 30 and June 8, 
1545 ; I am convinced that it is not definite but evolutionary in its origin, and these 
dates seem to imply that whereas the prefix had been more or less regularly adopted in 
the official minutes from about 1535, it did not come into general use in the outer world 
until some ten years later. 



By letters patent of October 26, 1444, confirmed by Charters of Edward VI. (April 23, 
1550) , and James I. (September 20, 1608), the Mayor, Recorder and all ex- Mayors who 
retained their seats in the Court of Aldermen were made Justices of the Peace for the 
City.i's On October 18, 1638, this was extended so as to include also the three senior 
Aldermen below the Chair:"" on July 28, 1692, six senior Aldermen below those three who 
had served the office of Sheriff were added,"* and finally by Charter of August 25, 1741, all 
the Aldermen were constituted Justices whether above or below the Chair. "2 

Aldermen who had passed the Chair were formerly distinguished by wearing a grey 
cloak, those below it wearing ' calaber ' cloaks."^ In January, 1642, it was ordered by the 
Court of Aldermen that Sir William Acton the Royalist Alderman who, having been passed 
over for the Chair at the preceding Mayoral election, wished to retain his seniority 
over the Alderman who had supplanted him (Sir E. Wright) should ' take his place 
and ranke within this Cittie and elsewhere when he attends upon any occasion as an 
Aldran .... next after the youngest Aldr4n of the Gray Cloakes and before any of the 
Calaber Cloakes.'"* The Aldermen were also required (November 28, 1560) to wear 
' skarlyt gownes ' when attending their parish churches on Easter Day, Christmas Day, 
and other principal Church festivals :"5 on other public occasions they were to wear 
' violett gownes ' for ' the distinction and dignitie of their place and office ' 
(November 10, 1657) ."^ 

There is a curious entry in the records to the effect that when John Derby 
(Alderman of Candlewick, Sheriff 1445-6) was discharged from his Aldermanry (October 19, 
1454), the Court passed a special resolution authorizing him to continue to wear his gown 
' not as a judge nor as an Alderman, but for the purpose of keeping him warm in severe 
weather.'"''' 

On May 23, 1704, it is recorded that Sir William Gore (who had been Lord 
Mayor in 1701-2) was fined five shillings for sitting in the Court of Common Council 
without his gown, which sum he promptly paid into the poor box."'' 



104. Wnothesley's Chrontde (Camaen Soc.) vol. 1., p. 146 ^ ^^^^.^ .^^^ references to the 'Mayor' or 

105. „ „ „ „ p. 161 ' Malre ' simply in 10, 13, ir, 21, 23, 26, 27, 

106. „ „ „ „ p. 154 r 28 and 29 Henry VIII. at pp. 11, 12, 13, 16, 

107. „ „ „ „ p. 165 J 16,18,31,32,40,67,71. 

108. „ „ „ „ pp. 163, 170 

109. Birch Historical Charters of the City of London, pp. 124, 146. 

110. „ „ „ „ p. 169. 

111. Norton Commentaries on the Constitution of London, p. 530. 

112. Birch RistoHeal Charters of the City of Lcmdon, p. 293. 

113. Calaber : made of Calabrian fur. 

114. Bep. 65, to. 346 \ 

115. Eep. 14, fo. 147 : Letter Book T, fo. 14 I l""*^'! '" Sir J. Baddeley's ^icte-mm, of Crippleiiate Ward, 

116. Eep. 66, fo. 3 I pp. 232, 233. 



116a. Letter Book K, 274b. 
117. Journal 64, fo. 39, 



xxxii. Inteodttction. 

We find the ballot box in early use in the Court of Aldermen. On September 19, 
1525, it was agreed that at the election of Mayors and Aldermen and ' in all other 
matters which afore this tyme have been used to be wrytten & tryed by the way of 
scrutynye ' [they] ' shall nowe from hensforth be tryed &■ used by the newe Gylte box 
brought in to this Court by Mr. Chambleyn.' This rule was, however, to be in force ' for 
this yere only' as an experiment. On December 3, 1532, a similar order was madS to 
the effect that ' in every matter of gravitie ' the box shall be brought in and the decision 
made by ' puttyng of the white pese or black.'"'* 



The two Sherifis, who are annually elected on Midsummer Day (June 24) and 
sworn on Michaelmas Eve, are not necessarily Aldermen, though not unfrequently both 
have been chosen from the Aldermauic body. At each annual election every Alderman who 
has not already served the ofifice is put in nomination at Common Hall, and generally the 
senior of these, unless he desires to be excused for that year, is one of the two elected. 
Moreover in many cases a Commoner who has been chosen Sherifi has been elected 
Alderman before assuming office or before the expiration of his year of service. 

There is a curious incident recorded with regard to the election of Sheriffs in 1324. 
John de Caustone (Alderman of Oordwainer) was elected one of the Sheriffs for the ensuing 
year, but did not appear on Michaelmas Day to be sworn, and he was accordingly promptly 
' deposed from the freedom of the City and from his Aldermanry,' and one Alan Gille 
chosen in his place. Caustone, on second thoughts, prayed to be restored ' to the estate 
he formerly held,' and promised to ' assume the burden of the Shrievalty ' ; accordingly, 
on October 29 the Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty, ' having regard to the inability 
of the said Alan,' admitted Caustone ' to the estate in which he formerly was ' and he 
was duly sworn into office. "^ 

From the reign of Henry I. until the passing of the Local Government Act of 
1888 (51 and 52 Vict. i>. 41), the SberiHs of London were also Sheriffs of the County of 
Middlesex : the last to hold the double office being Aldermen Newton and Gray. The 
Charter of Henry I. (undated) granted to the citizens of London ' to hold Middlesex to 
farm for three hundred pounds,' and to ' place as Sheriff whom they will of themselves.'"' 
' London and Middlesex ' are referred to as forming one ' Sheriffwick ' in the Charters of 
John (July 5, 1199)i2o and Henry III. (February 18, 1227).i2i These latter Charters restored 
and confirmed the Sheriffwick to the citizens, of which they had been deprived during the 
reigns of Stephen, Henry II. and Richard I., who ignored the grant of Henry I. 

[In Letter Book A, fo. 85, under date September 10, 1283, 'Gerin, Sheriff of 
Middlesex,' is named in connexion with and in addition to ' Anketin de Bettevile and 
Walter le Blound, Sheriffs of London' for that year (1282-3), and in Letter Book C, 
fo. 94, under date May 20, 1308, there is a writ from the King (Edward II.) to ' the Sheriff 
of Middlesex ' (unnamed). With regard to the latter Dr. Sharpe in his Calendar (p. 161) 
says that the writ was ' presumably addressed to and the return made by the Sheriffs of 
London acting as Sheriff of Middlesex, according to custom.' The return, which is 
unsigned, is in the first person singular, and I know of no authority, nor does Dr. Sharpe 
supply me with any, for the two Sheriffs (or any other joint officials) adopting that form. 
We have, however, a third reference which lends some support to, though I cannot 
regard it as establishing satisfactorily. Dr. Sharpe's assumption, and at the same time 
suggests a probable explanation of the case of Gerin, for which Dr. Sharpe has not pro- 
pounded any solution. In Letter Book E, fo. 137, ' Hamo de Chigwell, the Mayor, and 
good folk of the City of London ' are recorded to have sent a letter to King Edward II. 

117a. Reps. 7, fo. 56b : 8, fo. 263, quoteil in full In SU' J. Bacldeley's Aldermen of Cripples/ate Ward, p. 227. 

118. Letter Book D, fo. 6b. 

119. Birch Bistorioal Charters, p. 3. 

120. Birch Ristorieai Charters, p. 16. 

121. „ „ p. 21. 



Introduction. xxxiii. 

under date March 12, 1322, in which in reply to a royal writ addressed to ' the Sheriff of 
Middlesex,' tUey inform him that ' the said County is joined to the City of London, and 
the Sheriffs of the said City are Sheriff of the said County,' and they add that ' William 
de Norwiz, their deputy in the said County,' had gone to Wales in the King's service. 
Is it not at least a plausihle suggestion that Gerin acted, like William de Norwiz, as 
deputy to the Sheriffs of London in the County of Middlesex ? And may not the writer of 
the unsigned return to the writ addressed to the anonymous Sheriff of Middlesex in 1308 
also have been in a similar position ? The return in question states that the tenement 
with which the writ was concerned ' is not in my bailiwick, but is within the precincts of 
the liberty of the City of London, wherefore I cannot proceed to the execution of this 
writ.' It seems to me, notwithstanding my respect for Dr. Sharpe's opinion on such a 
matter, quite impossible that the Sheriffs of the City would have expressed themselves 
in that way, and I can only suppose that they had given their deputy full authority to 
act within the ' bailiwick ' of Middlesex which was recognised by the King and Courts 
of Law, but that his deputed commission gave him no authority in the City. (We have a 
somewhat parallel case in the administration of the Ward of Portsoken by Thomas 
de Wymbourne, during the Prlorateof Eustace, the ex-officio Alderman. See ante, vol. I., 
pp. 365, note A, 373).] 

The election day in the 13th century appears to have been the Monday before 
Michaelmas : 122 in 1302, 1303, and from 1306 to 1313, Michaelmas Eve, '23 and in 1304 and 
1305, the Feast of St. Matthew (Sept. 21). 12* On Michaelmas Eve, 1313, it was ordained 
that in future the election should be on St. Matthew's Day : 125 this rule was observed in 
1314, and in 1315 (the Feast falling on a Sunday) the election was held on the eve of 
St. Matthew i'^ from 1816 to 1320 there was a return to Michaelmas Eve : 127 from 1325 
the Feast of St. Matthew appears to have become fixed, though there are few records of 
the day of election before 1368, from which time they are practically coutinuous.'^s On 
August 31, 1527, the date was altered to September 2: 129 on August 29, 1538, it was put 
back to Lammas Day or The Feast of St. Peter ad Viucula (August l),i3o and finally 
by an ordinance of Ooinm.on Council on May 27, 1585, Midsummer Day was fixed 
for all future annual elections to the Shrievalty,!^! since which there has been no 
permanent alteration of the rule. In 1683 by a resolution of the Common Council on 
July 17, the election of Sheiriffs for that year was postponed till September 5 : during the 
Suspension of the Charter (1683-1688) the Sheriffs were not chosen by popular election, 
but nominated by the King, and as already stated '^la the election for the Shrieval year 
1690-1 took place on May 26, 1690, in accordance with the provisions of Act. 2, Will. 
and Mary, 0. 8. 

From the earliest years of which we have records, it is clear that the Sheriffs 
were chosen by the same electors as the Mayor, the constituency of each being 
described in practically the same terms. Thus in 1278, 1279, 1280, 1282, the electorate 
consisted of ' the Mayor, Aldermen, and reputable men of the city,' '^2 in 1283, ' the Mayor, 
Aldermen and Citizens,' i^s in 1290, 1291, 1293, ' the Commonalty of the City,' "4 which 
forms of expression probably denote the same persons. In 1292 only the Mayor and 
Aldermen are named as electors, the omission of any mention of the citizens or 
Commonalty being probably a mere clerical error.i^s In 1301 the election is said to have 
been made by the Mayor and Aldermen ' in the presence of twelve men from each Ward 
summoned to receive the Sheriffs ;' '^ in 1303 ' for electing and receiving ' is substituted 
for 'to receive;'!^'' in 1304 'twelve good and lawful men' are summoned from each 

133. Letter Book A, fo. 101b. 130. Journal 14, ft. 101, 148 ; Letter Book P, i"o. 165. 

123. Letter Books A, to. 101 ; C, ft. 111b, 112b, 113 ; 131. Journal 21, to. 437. 

D, a, 2, 3, 3b. 131a. gee ante, p. xxviii., Note 76a. 

124. LetterBookO, fl.lll, 112. 132.) x ..» -d , » . -.mv, 

125. Letter Book D, to. 3b. }^^ } Letter Book A, to. 101b. 

126. Letter Book D, to. 4. 134. Letter Book A, to. 102. 
J27. Letter Book D, ff. 5, 5b, 6. 136. Letter Book C, to. 4b. 

128. Letter Books D, to. 7 ; F, to. 142 ; G to N 136. Letter Book A, to. 101. 

pawlm. 137. Letter Book C, fo. 111b. 

129. Journal 13, to. 2.5b ; Letter Book 0, to. 53. 



XXXIV. 



Introduction. 



Ward.™ The electors are not recorded in the years immediately following : from 1309 
to 13 16 the formula is ' the commonalty ; ' or ' the good men of the commonalty :' ^^ from 
1317 to 1320 we have ' the whole commonalty.' "» After this the records cease to specify 
the electors until 1347, when for the first time we have one Sheriff (Alderman Brabazon) 
elected by the Mayor, and the other by the Commonalty M^ There is no evidence to show 
whether this custom, which apparently was observed unbroken for nearly three 
centuries, was an innovation in 1347 or had originated at some intermediate date 
since. 1320. 

In the list of Mayors and Sheriffs appended to Letter Book F and continued by a 
later hand to 1348, there is a note that in 18 Henry VIII. (1526), S. Pecooke, the Sheriff 
elected by the Mayor,- ' had the pre-eminence afore ' his colleague, N. Lamberd, notwith- 
standing the latter's seniority of standing as an Alderman.^''^ 

I need not here repeat the changes introduced in 1345, 1467 and 1475, in the 
constituency by which Mayors and Sheriffs were elected, as they have already been 
noticed in dealing with the Mayoral elections."' 

The right of the Mayor to nominate one Sheriff was exercised unchallenged till 
1640. (Dr. Sharpe is in error in saying"^ that ' neither in 1639 nor in the following year 
was the prerogative exercised,' for in the former year John Langham was nominated 
Sheriff by the Mayor, Sir M. Abbot). "^ A custom had grown up of the Lord Mayor's 
nomination being indicated by drinking to the person thus designated at a public 
banquet before the election day. The first known instance of thus nominating by 
propination is that of Alderman Thomas Massam, to whom the Lord Mayor (Sir T. 
iJlanke) drank as ' Sheriff of London and Middlesex from Michaelmas next coming for 
one whole year,' at a feast in Haberdasher's Hall in July, 1583.1^" Noorthouck misdates 
this feast 1585, and gives Sir E. Osborne as the Lord Mayor, but we know from the records 
that Massam served for the year 1583-84,^^' and that Blanke (who was a Haberdasher) 
was then Lord Mayor, Osborne succeeding him and occupying the chair during the 
greater part of Massam's shrieval year, but not when he was nominated. 

At the election of 1640 neither of the Sheriffs chosen on Midsummer Day appears 
to have been nominated by the Lord Mayor,i^^ but from 1641 to 1651 the Mayor 
exercised his prerogative,"^ and, though it was ohalleziged, his nominee was 
elected, a protest being regularly entered against such confirmation being taken as an 
admission of the right claimed. The custom seems again to have fallen into abeyance from 
1652 to 1660 or 1661, but was revived in 1662,'5i> and continued till the suspension of the 
Charter in 1683, though in 1681 there was great opposition on the part of the Whig majority 
of the liverymen to the acceptance of Dudley North, whom Sir John Moore, the Tory 
Lord Mayor, had named, and whom he succeeded in seating in spite of the refusal of the 
commonalty to confirm the nomination. I'l After the restoration of the Charter in 1688 
Sir T. Pilkington, Lord Mayor, drank to Sir W. Ashhurst in 1691, but although Ashhurst 
was elected, his nomination was not confirmed as a matter of course : he was returned 
after a contest, at the head of the poll. An Act of Common Council, passed on June 6, 
1683, declaring the right of the Lord Mayor's nominee to confirmation at Common 
Hall,i«2 was still in force technically, though ignored until repealed by another Act on 
June 15, 1694, which declared the custom to be ' contrary to reason. '^^s Subsequent Acts 
passed on October 22, 1703, April 7, 1748 and May 2, 1878, gave the Lord Mayor 
the right of nominating candidates whose names should be submitted to the livery for 
acceptance or rejection on the election day ■.''■^ the number so nominated, which under 
the Act of 1748 might be nine, was limited to three by that of 1878. 



Journal 21, lo. 303. 

Journal 39, fo. 99. 

Journal 39, ff. a30b, 328b; Common Hall 

Books, i., ff. 78, 167, 279, ill., 99. 
Journal 46, io. 223. 
Journal 49, lo. 317. 
Joui-nal 60, fo. 40. 
Journal 62, fo. 5b. 
146. NoorthoucliHisto'sio/ioracZon, pp. 137, 138. 1S4. Journal 63, lo. 638 ; 59, fo. 139b. 



138. 


Letter Book C, fo. 111b. 


147. 


139. 


Letter Book D, IE. 2, 2b, 3, 3b, 4, 6. 


148. 


140. 


Letter Book D, ff. 6, 5b, 6. 


149. 


141. 


Letter Book F, lo. 142. 




142. 


Letter Book F, lo. 23b. 


160. 


143. 


See ante, p. 


151. 


144. 


London and the Kingdom, 11., 470. 


152. 


146. 


Journal 38, lo. 274. 


163. 



Inteodtjotion. xxx\ 

It is worthy of notice, though so far as I have observed the fact has been passed 
over by other writers, that the Mayor seems never to have claimed, during the period 
when his right to nominate one Sheriff was unchallenged, to exercise that right more 
than once in each year. When his nominee either declined oface and paid the fine for 
not serving, or, having accepted it, died before the expiration of his year of service, there 
is no recorded instance of any Mayor proposing to nominate a successor. Hence the 
election of the Whig Sheriffs, Cornish and Bethel, in 1680, must not (as Dr. Sharpe's 
account might seem to suggest)i55 be regarded as a successful vindication of the claim of 
the liverymen to override the custom, inasmuch as George Hookenhall, grocer, whom the 
Lord Mayor, Sir Eobert Clayton —himself one of the Whig leaders — had nominated by 
drinking to him, had declined to serve and incurred the fine,i56 and so the right claimed 
for the Chief Magistrate would appear to have been exercised and exhausted for that year. 
It is true that an Act of August 1, 1582, provided that if the Lord Mayor's nominee should 
refuse to take office or die between nomination and the election day, the Lord Mayor might 
nominate another,i''6i» but this does not cover the case of such refusal declared as in this 
case on the election day, or of death after the election. 



In many years much difficulty was experienced in finding persons willing to accept 
the Shrievalty. In 1526 four persons suoessively declined the office, and it was not till 
October 1 that the second Sheriff was secured :157 this doubtless led to the alteration 
of the date of election for the following year, so as to admit of a longer interval in which 
to find a substitute in case of refusals. In 1580 seven persons were elected who 
successively refused to serve ;i57a jn 1591, thirteen ;™ in 1613, twelve ;159 in 1614, eleven i^o 
in 1639, as many as thirty-two ;i^i in 1651, twenty-seven, including thirteen who were 
elected Aldermen on the same days on which they were chosen Sheriffs, and twelve who 
on the day of election were already members of the aldermanic body.i^^ j^ 1666, 
fourteen;i«3 in 1667, eleven ;!«* in 1673, seventeen ;i65 in 1674, twelve ii^" in 1679, fourteen ;16' 
in 1694, fifteen ;i6« in 1698, oleven;i69 in 1777, ten;™ in 1815, fifteen "i were similarly 
chosen but refused to accept office, the city's coffers in those years reaping a rich 
harvest of fines. Besides these, many of those put in nomination by the Lord Mayor 
in the eighteenth century either ' swore off ' as not possessing the amount of property 
below which they were not compellable to serve, or paid the fine before the election day. 
Am-ongst those thus nominated and fined for refusal were some Nonconformists, who, if the 
provisions of the Corporation Act were strictly enforced, were not legally eligible, unless 
(like Sir H. Edwin and other distinguished civic dissenters before them) they were 
willing to suppress for a time their conscientious scruples and take the Sacrament of the 
Lord's Supper according to the rites of the Established Church, and in the language of 
Cowper, make 

' The symbol of atoning grace 
An office key, a pick-lock to a place. '"^ 

At last a sturdy Dissenter, one Allen Evans, merchant taylor, who was elected 
Sheriff in 1754, resolutely declined (like the Earls in Edward I.'s reign who refused either 
' to go or hang ') either to accept the office or to pay the fine. He was at last proceeded 
against by the Chamberlain in the name of the Corporation for recovery of the fine 

165. London and the Mngdotn, ii., 472. 162. Common Hall Bools, ill., ft. 99, 104, 106, 107, 

156. Journal 49, fo. 111. l"*' l^^*"' l^'- 

166a. Letter Book Z, fo. 237. 1«3. Journal 46, ff. 100, 100b, 116b. 

157. Journal 12, ff. 354b, 361 ; Letter Book "4. Journal 46, ff. 160, 160b. 

Q J g^ jj 165. Journal 47, ff. 283b, 2B4, 284b. 

1 67a. Journal 21, ff.' 59b, 60. 1«6- J™™^' ^^' « ■ ^^^ ^^b, 76, 76b. 

158. Journal 23, ff. 33b, 34b. 167. Journal 49. ff. 58, 68b. 

159. Journal 29, ff. 72b, 73b, 74. 168. Journal 52, (0. 7b. 

160. Journal 29, fl. 211b, 214b, 215. "»• Joui-nal 52, ff. 212, 212b. 

161. Journal 31, ff. 275, 277, 280, 281b, 282, 284, "0- Common Hall Book, vili., ff. 205-207b. 

284b, 285, 287, 295, 301, 301b, 302, 302b. l^l- Common Hall Book, vili., fl. 326b-332. 

172. Expostidation, vv, 378, 379. 



xxxvi. Introduction. 

impoised : a strong court of four judges"2a decided in his favour in 1762, but the case was 
carried on appeal to the Hoase of Lords and the decision of the Court below afarmed 
(February 4, 1767), the judgment being delivered 'in a speech of classic eloquence' by 
Lord Mansfield. A good deal of cheap indignation has been showered on the memory of 
the Corporation of that day by later writers. It is, of course, true that the whole system 
of the Test and Corporation Acts was utterly indefensible according to modern notions ; it 
is equally true that the judgment of Lord Mansfield and the House of Lords that 
Nonconformists were not, while these Acts were in force, legally compellable to serve, was 
in accordance with common sense no less than with law, and one can only wonder that the 
question was fought out by the Corporation. On the other hand it must be remembered 
that the Corporation Act was at this time practically a dead letter, annual Indemnity Acts 
being passed to relieve from penalties those who had not complied with its provisions, 
and during the century preceding its repeal many Dissenters in London and in provincial 
cities and boroughs filled corporate of&ces with distinction to themselves and to' the 
advantage of their respective communities, and Mr. Evans, as well as other wealthy 
Nonconformist citizens who paid their fines, (which, of course, were very much less in 
amount than the ordinary expenses of a Sherifi), might have accepted office, had they been 
so disposed, in spite of the Corporation Act without appreciable risk of incurring any 
penalty ;"2i) hence it is at least open to the historical student, whose business is to weigh 
the facts rather- than to accept without examination a plausible but flimsy theory, to doubt 
whether the objection on the part of some Dissenters to accept civic responsibilities 
proceeded rather from regard for keen conscientious scruples than from contemplation of 
the efieot which a year of office as Sherifi might have upon the balance in their bankers' 
books. 

It is sometimes said that the Mansion House was built with money derived from 
fines imposed by a tyrannical Corporation upon persecuted Nonconformists. It is true 
that for some years fines for non-acceptance of office were devoted to that object, but it is 
a simple travesty of fact to assume that the persons fined were all Nonconformists. 



In 1418 when John Bryan, one of the Sheriffs, died during his Shrievalty as the 
result of a very singular accident,"' the Lords of the Council summoned the Mayor, 
Aldermen and ' more principal commoners ' to appear before them on October 11 to show 
that they had power to elect a Sherifi to fill a chance vacancy. (The right of the citizens 
to choose at the annual election on St. Matthew's Day was not challenged.) Accordingly 
they appeared before the Council in 'le sterred ohaumbre,' the Lord Chancellor and the 
Chief Justices of the King's Bench and of the Common Pleas being among the Privy 
Councillors present, and by reference to their charters and to the precedent of 1312, when 
they elected a new Sheriff to fill a death vacancy,"* they established their right and were 
graciously permitted to ' continue to enjoy the same liberty.' "* 



Among the Letters and Papers of Henry VIII. (vol. 8, p. 78) there has been 
preserved a curious and interesting document, bearing date February 14, 1535, in the 
form of a petition to the Lord Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council of the City for 
diminution of the expenses of the Sbrievalty. The petition bears 19 signatures, the first 
three names being those of Kichard Reynolds (Sheriff 1532-3), John Prest (Sheriff 1538), 
Robert Trappys (Alderman 1534) : others who signed were Robert Pakyngton (M.P. for 
the City 1534-6), John Rychemond (elected Alderman and Sheriff later), John Payrey 
(who served as Sheriff later), John Sturgeon (afterwards Chamberlain). It sets forth that 

172a. Lord Chief Baron Parker, Justices Poster, Wilmot (afterwards Chief Justice of the Common 
Pleas) and Bathurst (afterwards Lord Chancellor). 

172b. They were in the same position with regard to serving In corporate offices at this time as the 
printers and publishers were with regard to the publication of reports of parliamentary proceedings after 
1771, which was technically a breach of privilege punishable by either House with imprisonment, though in 
practice immune from any penalty. 

173. See Kingstord Chronicles of London, p. 72 (quoted in Calendar of Letter Book I, p. 205). 

174. Letter Book D, fo. 3. 
175.- Letter Book I, fo. 220. 



Introduction. 



xxxvii. 



' oE late years divers alderman and oommonerg have been reduced to extreme poverty after 
exercising the offices of sheriff and mayor, or even one of them,' and instances ■ Sir 
Lawrence Aylmer™ and Master Roger Acheley,"' Mayors, and Masters Danyell,"8 
Bronde,™ Doget.i*) Nyues.iei Isaaoke,i82 Coote,!** Holderness,™ Keme.ies Worleyise and 
Cauatoa,i87 Sheriffs ' : that ■ divers citizens elected as aldermen and sheriffs have discharged 
themselves of the office on oath by which they have b39n supposed to incur the guilt of 
perjury,' and that others, ' as of aldermen, Masters Inglisshe.i^e Dakers.ieo Symondsi^" and 
Hardyi9i and of commoners. Masters "Tayllor.isa withypoll,™ Traps, i^'' 'Callarde, Hyndei^s 
and Rowlett,i!'i5 who are still alive ; besides, among deceased persons, Aldermen Tyndley.is? 
Welbecke,i98 Pabyan,is>3 Twesylton,2i» *Browne (Haberdasher)20i and Nic. Jenyns^fs and 
Masters Will. Lambard,™ 'Acton and Nychells^oa have made suit to be discharged of these 
offices by patent or letters missive or by payment of fines.' The prayer of the petition was 
that in future the Mayors and Sheriffs should ' keep one house and household, at an 
expense of not less than £1,600 per auu. over and above the charges of their feast on the 
day following SS. Simon and Jude, of which, as heretofore, the Mayor shall sustain one 
half and the two Sheriffs the other.' (It had been ordered by the Oourt of Aldermen on 
October 15, 1521, that the expenses of the annual Mayor's feast should be paid jointly by 
the Mayor and the two Sheriffs.)™' 

Although during three centuries one Sheriff was named by the Mayor and one was 
elected by the Commonalty or by the Liverymen, it was by no means the case that the 
Mayor necessarily named an Alderman, or that the popularly elected Sheriff was always 
a Commoner. Very frequently Aldermen were chosen by both : less often the election 
fell on two Commoners. In the years 1369, 1390 and 1400,206 in 25 years of the 15th 
century and in 1510 and 15342'" the Mayor nominated a Commoner and the Commoners 
elected an Alderman. On July 20, 1631, it was ordained that the Lord Mayor should 
not elect a Commoner so long as there was an Alderman eligible. 207a This rule was 
acted on thereafter so long as the custom of election by the Lord Mayor was retained, 
but in several years, all the existing Aldermen having served as Sheriffs, the election of 
two Commoners became necessary. Many of the Sheriffs who were elected as Commoners 
became Aldermen during their terms of office or after their expiration. A list of those 
Sheriffs who were elected Aldermen either during their Shrievalties or between the 
date of election and that of entering upon office is given later (see Appendix II. pp. Ixii., 
Ixiii.). 

Of the 55 persons who served the office of Sheriff between the accession of 
Edward I. and the close of the IBfch century only 17 are not found in the register of 
Aldermen before or after their Shrieval years. Most of the heriffs of the 14th century 
who were not already Aldermen subsequently secured election, and between 1371 and 1 407 
there is an unbroken series of 74 Sheriffs who all attained Aldermanic rank. Prom 
1408 to 1480, 117 out of a total of 148, and from 1481 to 1552, 103 out of 153, were present 
or future members of the Court of Aldermen. 



176. Mayor 1608. 

177. Mayor 1511-2. 

178. Thomas Danyell, Sheriff 1480-1. 

179. Richard Bronde, Sheriffl 1499-1-500. 

180. John Doget, Sheriff 1609-10. 

181. Alderman 1501-4, Sheriff 1502-3. 

182. Alderman 1487-1503, Slieriff 1488-9. 

183. Alderman 1490-8, Sheriff 1490-1. 

184. (or Aldernes) Alderman 1511-2, Sheriff 1512-3. 

185. (John Kyme) Alderman 1619-28, Sheriffl 

1520-1. 

186. Alderman 1511-24, Sheriff 1515-6. 

187. Alderman 1623-8, Sheriffl 1625-6. 

188. Alderman 1620-3, Sheriff 1523-4. 

189. Alderman 1626-8. 

190. Alderman 1626, 1533-4, Sheriffl 1517-8. 

191. Alderman 1624.35, Sheriff 1627-8. 

192.' Those marked thus were not actually elected 
Aldermen or Sheriffs. 



193. Alderman 1527. 

194. Alderman 1634. 

195. Thomas Hynde, elected Sheriffl 1626. 

196. Ralph Rowlatt, elected Sheriffl 1629, 1530. 

197. (Ralph Tilney), Alderman 1486-99, Sheriffl 

1488-9. 

198. Alderman 1492-1504, Sheriff 1492-3. 

199. Alderman 1494-1503, Sheriffl 1493-4. 

200. Alderman 1526-6. 

201. Alderman 1523-7. 

202. Alderman 1623-9. 

203. Alderman 1610. 

204. Alderman 1626. 

205. Letter Book N, fo. 164. 

206. Letter Boolffl G, fo. 236b : H, fo. 253 : I, fo. 6b. 

207. Joxirnal 11, fo. 120b: 13, fo, 422, 
207a. Journal 35, fo. 336b, 



xxxviii. 



Introduction. 



From 1552 to 1679 the series of 26i Sherifis contains no name which does not 
also appear as an Alderman, and except in 1680 the line is unbroken up to 1693. From 
that date to the present time there has been a larger proportion of ex-Sheriffs who either 
did not seek or were unsuccessful in their candidatures for admission to the Court 
of Aldermen ; there were six such cases out of a total of 13 in the remaining years 
of the 17th ceutury : in the next 100 years there were 160 actual or future Aldermen out 
of 205 ; in the 19th century as many as 83 out of a total of 202 did not ' go- up higher.' 
Of the 24 Sheriffs elected thus far in the 20th century, 11 were Aldermen at the date of 
election and seven (Sirs H. B. Marshall, G. J", Woodman, T. V. Bowater, W. H. Dunn, 
C. C. Wakefield and J. J. Baddeley) have since been chosen to fill vacancies in the 
Court, 

Since the reversion to direct election of Aldermen by the Wards in 1714, the 
following Sherifis have been unsuccessful candidates for Aldermanries during their 
terms of office : — 



Sir .John Grosvenor, Bridge, 1727. 
»B. Kennett, Walbrook, 1766. 

S. Sayre, Coleman Street, 1773. 

W. Nicholson, Cornhill, 1782. 

Sir B. Phillips, Coleman Street, 1808. 

J. Williams, Bridge, 1821. 
•H. Winchester, Vintry, 1827. 



*F. G. Moon, Portsoken, 1844. 

B. Jones, Portsoken, 1871. 
*P. Cowan, Tower, 1883. 
•G. F. Phillips, Cordwainer, 1885. 

W. H. Harris, Bassishaw, 1890. 
*Sir H. B. Marshall, Candlewick, 1902. 

R. Slazenger, Billingsgate, 1910. 



Those marked ' subsec[uently became Aldermen, Moon being elected to the next 
vacancy in Portsoken, and Winchester, after long litigation, securing the seat for Vintry, 
while the others obtained election for other Wards. 



J. Hart contested Cordwainer in 1774, and Mr. H. S. Foster, Tower in 1891, while 
Sherifis-eleot : Hart was elected afterwards for Bridge Ward, and having been unseated 
there, was chosen later for Dowgate. 

Of ex-Sherifis, the following were defeated in their candidatures for Aldermanic 
vacancies : — 



Sir S. Clarke, Coleman Street, 1718. 
•W. Alexander, Lime Street, 1752. 
♦W. Lee, Vintry, 1772. 
»Sir M. Bloxam, Langbourn, 1795. 

Sir F. Desanges, Langbourn, 1823. 

T. Ward, Broad Street, 1831. 
*J. Humphery, Aldgate, 1835. 

A. A. CroU, Queenhithe, 1851. 

D. Nicol, Bread Street, 1855. 

G. J. Oockerell, Castle Baynard, 1875. 



Sir J. Bennett, Cordwainer, 1873, 1875. 
*E. Breffit, Cheap, 1877. 
*H. J. Waterlow, Farringdon Without, 
1882. 

G. Hand, Cheap, 1896. 

Sir T. E. Dewar, Vintry, 1902. 

Sir T. H. Brooke-Hitching, Walbrook, 
1906, Farringdon Within, 1912. 
•SirW. H. Dunn, Castle Baynard; 1907. 
♦Sir G. J. Woodman, Cheap, 1909. 



Those marked * subsequently became Aldermen, and Sir J. Bennett and 
Sir T. H. Brooke-Hitching were returned by Cheap and Farringdon Within respectively, 
but rejected by the Court of Aldermen. 



Intkoduction. 



xxxix. 



The following SheriHs have died during their terms of office, 
not Aldermen : — 



Those marked ' were 



'Robert de Gateloigne, December, 1257. 
*Peter de Blakeueye, August 1, 1311. 
'Richard de Welleford, December 28, 1312. 
*John Bryan, October 10, 1418. 
'Henry Brice, June 20, 1467. 

William Wyking, October 19, 1481. 

Richard Chester, February 6, 1485. 

Robert Revell, February 23, 1491. 
♦Robert Watts, November 9, 1503. 

John Dawes, June, 1514. 

Richard Grey, October 20, 1515. 
•Nicholas Pynchon, March 8, 1533. 
*John Martyn, September, 1533. 

Richard Lambert, April 4, 1567. 

Robert Hardyug, November 26, 1568. 

John Haydeu, November 26, 1582. 

Sir Roger Jones, July 25, 1605. 



Ellis Orispe, November 3, 1625. 

Thomas Westrowe, December, 1625. 

Rowland Wilson, February 19, 1650. 

Thomas Chandler, September 2, 1659. 

Sir Jonathan Dawes, April 18, 1672. 

Sir Peter Floyer, January 31, 1702. 
*Sir Felix Feast, February 24, 1724. 
♦Sir Jeremiah Murdeu, March 27, 1726. 
•Thomas Russell, January 22, 1738. 

Richard Blunt, December 30, 1763. 
•Benjamin. Charlewood, April 11, 1766. . 

Sir Barnard Turner, June 15, 1784. 

John Bates, May 13, 1785. 

William Champion, August 9, 1799. 
*Charles Stable, April 15, 1828. 
•Sir James Vallentin, February 25, 1870. 



We have already seen that in 1397 provision was made that in addition to being 
' reputable and discreet ' and fit in character (' moribus ') to sustain the position of 
Alderman, candidates should be fit also in respect of worldly goods. This was made 
more definite in July, 1469,2™ when it was enacted that an Alderman must be possessed of 
at least £1,000 in goods and ' sperate '2™ debts. Landed property not being specifically 
mentioned, some substantial citizens evaded liability to serve by investing a considerable 
portion of their wealth in land , so that their personal property might be represented as 
below the limit. In order to circumvent this method of escape from civic responsibilities, 
it was further ordained on June 20, 1525, that an Alderman's qualification should be 
2,000 marks in ' goods, cataUs, debts sperate and lands or tenements to his use bought and 
purchased to be solde.'^i" On August 9, 1710, the sum was raised to £15,000, and the fine l 
for refusal to serve, which had previously varied at the discretion of the Court of Aldermen, 
was fixed at £500.^1' On April 17, 1812, the pecuniary qualification was further increased to 
£30,000.212 

At one time, especially in the 17th century, the fines for non-acceptance of, or 
discharge from, the position of Alderman formed a by no means negligible item of 
Corporation finance. In the earlier times almost the only discharges with fines recorded 
are those of Aldermen who had served the office for some considerable time and become 
more or less incapacitated, or at least indisposed, to continue to perform the duties of 
the office through age, deafness or other infirmities of the flesh. During the first quarter 
of the 16th century we find persons elected and declining to serve as Aldermen, and 
instances continued to occur occasionally till the end of the Tudor period, but with 
greater frequency after 1590. The recusants were, unless excused on the ground of 
insufficiency of estate, required to take the oath and be admitted as Aldermen before 
being 'discharged' — ^the technical term still in use in its literal signification of being 
'relieved of the charge.' Hence we often find in the records cases of Aldermen being 
discharged within a few days after, or on the very day of, their admissions. 

Throughout James I.'s reign these immediate discharges occurred with increasing 
frequency : thus in 1604 three Aldermen of Vintry were elected and fined in the months 
of February and May ;2i* in 1605 there were three similar cases in Farringdon Without r^i^ 



208. Letter Book L, to. 64b. 

209. ' Sperate ' (lebt8=goocl debts, debts that the 

creditor may reasonably hope dspero') 
to receive. 

210. Eep. 7, to. 45b : Letter Book N, to. 287b. 



211. Journal 55, fo. 213. 

212. Journal 87, to. 158. 

213. See ante, vol. I., p. 208. 

214. See ante, vol. I., p. 158. 



n 



xl. 



Introduction. 



in 1607 seven elections for Aldgate.^is in 1611 seven for Bread Street,^'"' in 1612 six for 
Cordwainer,2" in 1621 there were five returns for Tower^'s in June and four within seven 
weeks for Parringdon Within,^!^ while in 1622 there were as many as 17 new Aldermen 
elected, all but one of whom were returned for the three Wards of Aldgate, Oordwainer, 
and Bishopsgate.220 The three following years were only slightly less prolific of ' transient 
phantoms ' in the Court of Aldermen, but from 1629 to the last mouth of 1640 the 
coffers of the City Chamberlains were not materially replenished by fines paid on 
discharge. Between November, 1640, and May, 1641, there were six successive elections 
for Castle Baynard,^^! but it was not till 1648 that the discharges again became numerous. 
Throughout the Commonwealth period the City's cash was constantly being augmented 
by fines. During the eleven years from the abolition of the monarchy to the Restoration 
the total number of Aldermen elected (not including translations) was no less than 288,^^ 
an average of about one each fortnight, but in the year 1651 there were as many as 76, 
more than a quarter of the whole, 24 being chosen in the month of August alone and 32 
in September.^^ Billingsgate contributed 17 and Walbrook 16 Aldermen to the list in 
1651, whose fines amounted to £8,000 and £5,600 respectively,^^ and as these were less 
than half the total it is evident that, allowing for the reductions occasionally made in 
the amount imposed, the fines which varied from £200 to £800 must have made up in 
the aggregate a very considerable sum. In 1657 the Ward of Gripplegate by itself yielded 
a crop of nine elected Aldermen, the total of whose fines was £.3,740.^25 

In December, 1656, an Act of Common Council provided that in future in addition 
to the ordinary fine discharged Aldermen should pay 20 marks each for the benefit of the 
preachers in prisons.'^'is (In the minutes of such fines imposed after this date, this item 
sometimes appears as 20 marks and often as W li = librae [i.e. £20]). The unwilling- 
ness of citizens at this period to serve as Aldermen was caused undoubtedly by the 
unsettled state of political affairs, and it may have been due to want of confidence in 
the stability of the new regime after the Restoration that the difficulty of securing 
successors to Aldermanic vacancies was hardly less pronounced. The year 1661 witnessed 
the election of 36 new Aldermen, of whom only four were permanent.^^T Bread Street 
contributed eight of these, whose fines, though three of them escaped being mulcted, 
amounted to over £2,600, and Broad Street a like number, whose aggregate fines reached 
over £8,400.^'^ Between December, 1662, and November, 1663, there were 18 
elections,229 of which 12 were in the Ward of Bridge Without, with £3,200 in fines -.^^ 
in 1664 the elections of new Aldermen numbered 23, but in 1665 there were only two, 
followed by 19 in 1666, 32 in 1667, 31 in 1668, and 26 in 1670.231 Of the 63 new Aldermen 
elected in 1667 and 1668, Vintry contributed 11 with over £3,000 in fines,2S2 Bread Street 
10 with £3,980 in fines,^^^ and the two Farringdon Wards seven each with over £2,500 
and £3,000 respectively .^si After 1670 the discharges on election were very few except in 
1687 (during the suspension of the Charter),235 when James II. found it very difficult to 
get men willing to accept the office on the terms on which alone it was possible to hold it. 

In 1710 three persons, successively elected Aldermen of Portsoken by the Whig 
majority of the Court in order to keep out the Jacobite, John Cass (whom they accepted 
in 1711 on a fourth return), were discharged without fine, having sworn that they did not 
possess the requisite amount of property. Since 1689 there have been only three cases of 
an elected Alderman refusing to serve and so incurring the fine, viz., those of J. 
Heywood (1746), Sir P. Warren (1752), J. Martin (1772). In the last of these, the fine 
was not imposed. 



Journal 41," to. 144. 

See ante, pp. 91-94. 

See ante, vol. I., pp. 50, 51, 75. 

See ante, pp. 95, 96. 

See ante, vol. I., pp. 66, 66. 

See ante, pp. 96-106. 

See ante, vol. I., pp. 212, 213. 

See ante, vol. I., pp. 52, 53. 

See ante, vol. I., pp. 149, 150, 163. 

See ante, pp. 111-115. 









215. 


See ante, vol. I., p. 12. 


226. 


216. 


See ante, vol. I., pp. 48, 49. 


227. 


217. 


See ante, vol. I., pp. 116, 116. 


228. 


218. 


See ante, vol. I., p. 218. 


229. 


219. 


See ante, vol. I., p. 148. 


230. 


220. 


See ante, pp. 56, 57. 


231. 


221. 


See ante, vol. I., pp. 93, 94. 


232. 


222. 


See ante, pp. 69-90. 


233. 


223. 


See ante, pp. 75-80. 


234. 


224. 


See ante, vol. I., pp. 26-28, 220, 221. 


235. 


225. 


See ante, vol. I., pp. 132. 133, 





Introduction. xli. 

Some instances of royal and ministerial interference with the ordinary course of 
election in the City may be noticed. I do not propose to go through in detail the various 
occasions on which the King ' took the City into his own hands,' displacing the Mayor 
and appointing a oustos or warden of his own nomination to act as chief magistrate. 
Henry III., who had more than once before suspended the normal government of the 
City on frivolous pretences, kept it in the hands of a royal warden for nearly five years, 
as a punishment for its sympathies with Montfort, after the overthrow of the Baronial 
leader at Svesham (October, 1265, to July, 1270).™ The most prolonged interval of 
suspension was, however, in the reign of Edward I., who placed the City under the rule 
of a warden from June, 1285 to April, 1298,''S6a in consequence of the Mayor, Gregory 
de Eokesle, having declined to obey the summons to attend the King's justiciars at 
the Tower, which was outside the limits of the City's jurisdiction, in his ofScial capacity. 
The latest instance of the exercise of this power was by Richard II. in 1392, when the 
Mayoralty was only kept in abeyance for less than four months (June-September). 
(The suspension of the Charter from 1683 to 1688 was not a similar case : it was 
based on corporate acts of the whole body of citizens and not, as in the earlier times, 
on individual offences, and moreover, the Mayoralty was retained.) In April, 1823, 
Edward II. summarily removed Hamo de Chigwell from the Mayoralty and appointed 
to succeed him Nicholas de Parndone.^sr'i' whom he had deprived of a previous Mayoralty 
in February, 1321 (at the time of the celebrated Iter of that year), when he temporarily 
took the City into his hands. (Chigwell had been elected Mayor in May, 1321, on the 
restoration of the City's franchises, and had held the office continuously since.)^' 
In the following November (1323) Edward again turned out Parndone and restored 
ChigweU by his own authority without election.^sB In the reign of Edward III. Adam 
de Bury was removed by the King's order in January, 1366,^'' and again in his last year 
(March, 1377), that monarch, acting under the influence of his son, John of Gaunt, 
deposed Adam Stable from the Mayoralty, but permitted the Sheriffs and Commonalty 
to choose his successor in due course .2*° 

In October, 1382, Eichard II. intimated that, while he had no intention of inter- 
fering with the free election of a Mayor by the citizens, it would be agreeable to him if 
they re-elected John de Northampton, and at the same time wrote a letter to that 
turbulent and pragmatical personage praying him to accept the office for a second year 
if it were offered to him, with which suggestion, though he attributed his assent to his 
' reverence for the King ' and ' the instant request of the Alderman, Sheriffs and 
Commonalty,' we may be sure that he complied very willingly .^^i (18 Aldermen, 
including himself, were present at his re-election, the two ex-Mayors, Brembre and 
Walworth, with two other Fishmonger Aldermen, Neuport and Brian, being significantly 
absent.) In June, 1397, Eichard II. nominated Eichard ' Whityngtone ' Mayor by 
letters-patent on the death of Adam Bamme : in the following October he was re-elected 
in the ordinary way by the Aldermen and Commonalty.2^2 

In 1448 Philip Malpas was chosen Alderman of Lime Street in response to the 
recommendation of Henry VI., with the proviso that this was 'to be in no wise held as an 
example to expel the Mayor and Aldermen from liberty to elect.'^" In 1506 Eobert 
Johnson, Alderman of Cheap, who had been elected Sheriff, was discharged a few days 
after his election at the command of Henry VII., and William Pitzwilliam was 
substituted for him.^^^ 

In Henry VIII. 's reign the Court intervened on several occasions in order to 
obtain exemption from election as Alderman, or discharge after election, of particular 
individuals. Thus Cardinal Wolsey sent to the Mayor desiring him to remove Eobert 

236. ChranMe of Mayors and Sheriffs Ctrans. 238. Letter Book B, Jo. 148. 

Riley), pp. 84, 129. 239. Letter Book G, to. 176. 

236a. Liber Albus (trans. Riley), pp. 15, 16 : Letter j^q. Letter Book H, fo. 49. 

Book B, to. 93 : Rymer'8 i?<K!e™, vol. I., ^^^ Letter Book H, fo. 155b. 

„,„u T ir 4^ ^'t ^' < «., r, t^ tAy. 242. Letter Book H, to. 314. 

236b. Letter Books D, to. 6b : E, to. 14b. '"■ " " ' 

(It is expressly stated that Farndone was 243. Journal 4, to. 2300. m..r.„,„7, 

' plpptirlhv the Lord the KinK') 244. Rep. 2, ft. 12, 14: Greyfnars Ghronlele 

„„ m. ., ™ ■'^^V wVV . oQ (Camden Soc.), p. 29: Dr. Sharpe's London 

237. Chrmiide Mdward I. and II., i., 291. „r,ij the Ki^nmhim I 338 

See also Dr. Sharpe's Calendar o( Letter """^ *''« -B^*"?*"". >■■ "»• 

Book D, p. 31m. 



xlii. Introduction. 

Amadag, who had been chosen Alderman of Farringdon Without in March, 1523, as 
being ' the King's servant.' A committee was appointed to confer with the Cardinal on 
the matter ; the latter, however, carried his point, and Amadas was discharged.*^' Six 
years later Amadas accepted office as Alderman of Broad Street,*^^ but his personal 
attendance was dispensed with for the year ' if he shall continue in the King's business.' 

Ill June, 1534, the King sent letters asking for the discharge of Balph Symonds, 
Alderman of Castle Baynard, and the Common Serjeant was deputed to ' know Mr. 
Cromwell's mind in the matter': the discharge promptly followed, Symonds, however, 
consenting to give £150 'to the use of the Commonalty.'*" Two years later (1536) 
Ealph Aleyn, who had been elected Alderman of Aldersgate, was discharged ' on the con- 
templation of the King's letters. '^''^ Aleyn was elected for Billingsgate later in the same 
year, and again discharged in consequence of letters of the King and Lord Cromwell 
requesting his exemption from service.*'" He subsequently was Alderman of Queenhithe 
for eight years, holding office till his death, and served the office of SheriiJ in 1545-6. In 
1537 Bichard Gresham was elected Lord Mayor at the King's command over the heads 
of twelve seniors who had not passed the cbair.*so In August, 1542, Thomas Blanke was 
discharged from his Aldermanry (Bisbopsgate) at the request of the King's brother-in-law, 
the Earl of Hertford.^^oa. In the following October Sir William Denham, who had been 
for 11 years Alderman of Coleman Street, obtained his discharge at the King's request, 
but, as was the case with Blanke, not without a fine.^^oi) In 1564 Queen Elizabeth 
wrote to beg for the discharge of Edward Gilbert, Alderman of Aldersgate ; her letter was 
read July 27, but he did not obtain his discharge till November 16 following.*** On 
April 15, 1567, a letter was read from Secretary Cecil asking for the discharge 'for the 
present ' of Philip Gunter from liability to election as Sheriff, and he was discharged 
accordingly : a similar request from the Earl of Leicester as well as from Cecil was 
preferred in October, 1569, after Guuter's election to the Aldermanry of Portsoken, and 
he was again discharged, but with a fine of J34O0.*™'' In 1596 Queen Elizabeth made known 
to the Aldermen her wish, which was complied with, that Sir Henry Billingsley, the 
senior Alderman below the chair, should not be elected Lord Mayor for the ensuing 
year. Accordingly Thomas Skinner, the next in order below him, was elected, but he 
died two months after entering on office, and Billingsley was then chosen. The Court of 
Aldermen had protested against the Queen's interference with their 'ancient coustoom' 
of electing of ' him who is next in succession ' ; and endeavoured through the intervention 
of the Lord Treasurer (Burleigh) and the Lord Keeper (Egerton) to induce the Queen to 
allow the ordinary course to be followed, but the imperious monarch was 'greatly 
offended that shee should bee farther importuned hearabout.'*»i 

Jarnes I. also more than once intervened. A few months after his accession (June, 
1603) he directed the Lord Mayor and Aldermen to release Thomas Myddelton from 
Newgate, (to which prison he had been committed for refusing to serve as Alderman of 
Queenhithe), on the ground that he was ' employed in an important service for the State.' 
The Court declined to be coerced and replied that in committing him they were observing 
their oaths and the customs of the City.*** Myddelton then consented to serve, was 
elected Sheriff the same year and afterwards became Lord Mayor. 

The same monarch also in the same year made an inefiectual attempt to get 
exemption from serving as Alderman for Sir Thomas Hayes, who became Myddelton's 
immediate successor both as Sherifi and Lord Mayor.**^ 

In 1611, when Sir Baptist Hicks was chosen Alderman of Bread Street, James 
approached the Court of Aldermen through one of the Gentlemen of his Bedchamber, 

260c. Rep. 15, fo. 394. 
250d. Rep. 16, fo. 610b. 

261. Bemembrancia, ii., 168. 
(See the letter to Skinner of his ' loving 

bretlu-en,' tlie Aldermen, quoted tw 
extenso in Sir J. Baddeley's Aldermen 
0/ Ci-lpiilegate Ward, pp. 65, 66). 

262. Remembrancia, ii., 201, 237. 
253. Remembrancia, ii., 238. 



246. 


Rep. 


4, ft. 46b, et sea. 








246. 


Rep. 


8, fl. 67, 71b. 








247. 


Rep. 


9,f. 








248. 


Rep. 


9, to. 164b. 








249. 


Rep. 


9, ft. 222, 224. 








250. 


Wriotheslenj's Chron'i 


ele (Camden Soc.) i. 67. 


250a. 


Rep. 


10, fo. 268 ; Journal 14, 


fo. 


338. 


250b, 


. Rep. 


10, fo. 281b. 









Introduction. xliii 

Roger Aston, with a request for his discharge. The Court replied that they had already 
on a previous occasion, at the King's wish, forborne to elect him, hut now the Ward 
'having a special liking of him,' they were desirous of having him as an Alderman. 
Aston in his letter said that the King ' had not moved them for any in that kind heretofore 
and did not intend to do so again ' thereby displaying as regards the first of those 
statements either considerable ignorance of the facts or an inadequate regard for veracity. 
The King then sent Sir Thomas Lake in person to the Court,^^! and at last the worthy 
knighb, a sUkmercer by trade, who is said to have violated the canons of early 
seventeenth century propriety by continuing to keep a shop after elevation to that 
dignity, was discharged.^^ 

In April, 1626, the Lord Keeper Coventry begged the Lord Mayor and Aldermen 
to discharge Francis Pember, recently elected Alderman of Castle Baynard, and so 
liable to serve as Sherifl, he having been Sheriff of Herefordshire in the preceding year, 
or to moderate his fine. He was accordingly discharged with a fine of £200.^^ In 
October, 1626, the King (Charles I.) sent a letter requesting exemption for Robert Myldmay, 
who had been elected Alderman of Vintry, on the ground of his being ' entirely settled in 
the country,' and if that could not be granted that his fine might be so moderated that it 
might appear that the King's request had not been fruitless. The Court, however, 
imposed a, fine of £500, his predecessor having got off with £300.^'' In February, 
1627, Francis Fuller was discharged from the Aldermanry of Queenhithe in accordance 
vrith letters from -the Lord Treasurer and the Chancellor of the Exchequer (the Earl of 
Marlborough and Sir Richard Weston) .^^'^ During the suspension of the Charter from 
1683 to 1688 the Kings Charles II. and James II. appointed to vacancies in the Court of 
Aldermen, accepting in several cases recommendations from that body. In 1687 James 
turned out ten Aldermen in six days, all of whom were strongly attached to the 
Established Church and opposed to the suspension of the Test and Corporation Acts, and 
filled their places mainly with Whigs and Nonconformists.^^ 

There has been no overt interference with the course of civic elections on the part 
of the Crown or its ministers since the Revolution, but George III., as is shown in his 
correspondence with Lord North, watched the Mayoral and Shrieval contests with keen 
interest and used such infiuenoe as he was able, directly or indirectly, to exert on behalf 
of candidates who favoured his policy. 



In the first volume of this work^^ I have dealt at length with the knighthoods, actual 
and mythical, which have been attributed to the Mayors and other Aldermen. It is, I 
suppose, as dif&cult to kill ' Sir Richard Whittington ' as the less inaccurate ' Lord Bacon ' 
or ' Lord Coke.' Bacon was, at any rate, a peer though his title is invariably mis- 
quoted, but Coke certainly was not, and Whittington's knighthood is at least as 
legendary as (perhaps more so than) his far-famed cat. It is, however, satisfactory 
to find that the writer of the article on Whittington in the Dictionary [of 
National Biography has not fallen into the popular error, though a oollaborateur 
in that monumental (but far from accurate) publication has been less cautious 
in weighing the- evidence for the knighthood of Isaac Penington and his brother 
Aldermen by Speaker Lenthal, a myth of which I have endeavoured to demonstrate the 
falsity, though I had unfortunately not had my doubts concerning it aroused until after 
the earlier pages of volume I. had been printed.^™ It is not necessary here to enter into 
the details as regards individuals ; I will content myself with summarising the results 
which are deducible from existing evidence ; these show that Aldermanic knighthoods 
were scarce, indeed almost non-existent, until the reign of Edward IV., and comparatively 
few, though Jess infrequent, during the following sixty years. For more than two 
centuries after 1519, the Chief Magistrate was almost invariably knighted or in some 

254. Remembrancia, ii., 263, ill. 29. 268. Seep. 113. 

255. Eep. 30, fo. 224. 259. See ante, vol. I., pp. 255-260, with corrections 

256. Eemeinbraticia, viii., 80 ; Kep. 40, fo. 193b. at p. 420, and In present volume, p. 222. 

257. Remembrancia, viii., 77 : Eep. 40, to. 403. 260. See ante, vol. I., pp. 229, 257 : also in present 
257a. Rep. 41, fo. 12C. volume, p. 180, note 4a. 



xliv. Introduction. 

cases (in the latter portion of the period) created a baronet, and in James I.'s reign 
almost all the permanent Aldermen were knights. After the early years of George II. 
civic knighthoods and baronetcies were less lavishly bestowed for another 130 years, 
when they again became more general. 

The following table shows the number of knights and baronets in the Court at 
various periods. (The order of baronet was not instituted till 1611.) 

Knights. 

1400 1480 1520 1580 1610 1650 1675 1715 1760 1810 1860 1900 1912 
5 6 11 18 1 21 21 9 5 4 9 12 

Baronets. 

1400 1480 1520 1580 1610 1650 1675 1715 1760 1810 1860 1900 1912 
— — —— — — 3 5 2 7 3 79 



It is interesting to note one or two cases in which men of eminence, actual 
or prospective, were included in the four whose names were returned to the Court of 
Aldermen for selection of one to fill a vacancy in that body, but were not chosen 
either on those or any subsequent occasions. 

' Thomas Mores [sic] , mercer,' in whom we may recognize the author of Utopia, 
was returned for Farringdon Without in July, 1508, along with Alderman and Sheriff 
Nynos, T. Kneseworth and J. Warner. ^^ The Sheriff was translated from Bishopsgate, and 
the other two found seats within the next three months, but More was not again nominated. 

Thomas Gresham, mercer, who afterwards founded the Koyal Exchange, was 
nominated for Dowgate in November, 1556, when again one of the Sheriffs was preferred, 
viz. . William Harper, whose educational benefactions to Bedford have perpetuated his 
name and who on this occasion was translated from Bridge Without to the vacant Ward.^c^ 

In February, 1612, Sir James Lancaster, skinner, one of the founders of the 
East India Company and commander of its first fleet, was named for Cordwainer, but 
the election fell on Edward Barnes.^^s 

In October, 161.S, Sir Lionel Oranfield, mercer, was named for Farringdon Without. 
He at that time held the office of Surveyor-General of the Customs, but in the course of 
a few years became James I.'s chief minister, Lord High Treasurer and Earl of 
Middlesex, and arrived also at the dignity of impeachment by the House of Commons in 
the first parliament which for over 160 years had had recourse to that method of procedure 
against obnoxious politicians. On this occasion two Aldermen and Mr. Sheriff Jeye were 
nominated for the vacant Aldermanry with Cranfield, and the election fell on the 
Sheriff.^s' In July, 1615, Cranfield was again proposed, this time for Bridge Ward, but 
the Sherifi-eleot, William Gore, was ohosen.^ss Between these two nominations for 
Aldermanio vacancies Cranfield had been twice elected Sheriff, on July 11, 1614, and on 
June 24, 1615. ^^^ On the former occasion he refused to serve and the King endeavoured 
to secure his exemption from a fine, both writing himself to the Lord Mayor and causing 
the Lord Treasurer (the Earl of Suffolk) to write on Cranfield's behalf. The King said 
he would pay the fine himself rather than lose Cranfield's services, and Suffolk also 
intimated that His Majesty had resolved to pay it, if its payment were insisted upon, and 
at the same time requested the return both of the King's letter and of his own. The 
Court of Aldermen rather unkindly reminded the King in reply that when he had 
interceded for Sir B, Hicks on a former occasion he had ' promised not to require a 
similar favour from thenceforth for any Citizen '.^'^ Apparently Cranfield's fine was 
remitted, as he would not, a.fter paying it, have been nominated in another year. In 
1615 he obtained a discharge for a year without a fine and he was not again chosen.''<'7i> 

261. Journal 10, fo. 290b. 265. Rep. 32, fo. 159b. 

262. Rep. 13 (ii.), fo. 448b. 266. Journal 29, tt. 214b, 359. 

263. Rep. 30, fo. 267. 267. Remembrancia, 111., 168, 169, 170. 

264. Rep. 31 (i.), fo. 179. 267a. Journal 29, fo. 378. 



Introduction. xlv. 

Thomas Player, haberdasher, afterwards City Chamberlain, (father of his perhaps 
better-known successor in that office, the 'railing Rabshakeh ' of Dryden's Absalom and 
Achitophel), was nominated for Coleman Street in November, 1645, when George Witham 
was elected.268 

Edmund Berry Godfrey, woodmonger, whose mysterious death, after receiving 
Gates' depositions concerning the ' Popish Plot', has given him posthumous fame, was 
nominated for Parringdon Without in December, 1664, when his name appears in the 
Repertory minute in the incorrect but familiar form ' Edmundbury Godfrey ' ; he was 
again named for Bread Street in September, 1666, this time being correctly designated 
' Sir Edmund Berry Godfrey ', he having been knighted in the interval. Richard Shelbury 
and Henry Partridge were respectively chosen to fill the vacancies.^^^ 

Slingsby Bethel, leatherseller, the Whig Sheriff (colleague of Cornish) 16S0-1, 
(Dryden's ' Shimei ' who 'loved his wicked neighbour as himself) was nominated five 
times, for Cheap (June, 1669), Oordwainer (July, 1669), Farringdon Without (December, 
1680), Portsoken (October, 1689 and January, 1690),^™ but was not elected, his parsimony 
and his Puritanism combining to render him a persona ingrata to the Court of 
Aldermen. 

Since the return in 1714 to direct election by the Wards, the best known 
unsuccessful candidate for an Aldermanry at the polls who was not subsequently elected 
was Thomas Tegg, pattenmaker (Common Councilman for Cheap), who in December, 1835, 
contested Bassishaw against James White.^" Tegg's name has, in a sense, been ' damn'd 
to everlasting fame ' by the mordant pen of Carlyle in his famous petition in favour of the 
Copyrighi BiU of 1839, in which he prayed that, inasmuch as he had not received from 
Tegg and did not ' discern any chance of receiving any encouragement or countenance in 
writing of books ' , parliament would ' forbid a*l Thomas Teggs and other extraneous 
persons . . . to steal from him his small winnings, for a space of sixty years at shortest ', 
after which period ' they may begin to steal '. (Tegg was a printer and publisher of 
popular literature, and had reprinted some of Carlyle's writings without permission and 
without payment.) 

The connexion of the various Livery Companies with the Aldermanic body is dealt 
with in the first volume of this work. 2™ My subject does not require me to outline the 
general history of the rise and development of the English, Scottish and continental Gilds 
or that of the London Gilds in particular. It is unfortunate that the standard work on 
the more important London Companies, that of Herbert,"™ a painstaking but uncritical 
compilation, is disfigured by errors which in an uncritical period were not easily detected, 
and have been accepted on his authority, without verification, by later writers of repute. 
Mr. George Unwin's Tke Gilds and Companies of London gives an admirable summary of 
their history in a small compass, and may be read with advantage and with pleasure by 
those who have not time or inclination for fuller study of the subject. Histories of and 
historical memoranda relating to several of the smaller and some of the larger Companies 
have been published in recent years : Holford's Ghat about the Broderers' Company, Sir 
W. S. Prideaux's Memorials of the Goldsmiths' Company, Smythe's Worshipful Company 
ofOirdlers, Gould's History of the Fruiterers' Company, Pitman's The Worshipful Company 
of Painters, Welch's History of the Company of Pewterers, Young's Annals of the Barber- 
Surgeons, Eivington's Annals of the Stationers' Company, Olode's Early History of the 
Guild of Merchant Taylors, and Kingdon's Facsimile of the early records of the Grocers' 
Company — the list is not exhaustive— give valuable information and set an example for 
other Livery Companies to follow. The most important of all the Companies, once the 
most closely connected of all with the Aldermen of London, from membership of which 
body it now stands ostentatiously aloof, has done singularly little towards opening to the 
historical student the treasures of its ancient records and, instead of welcoming, does its 
best to repel with a frigid non possumus those who would willingly, at no cost to that 



268. 


Eep. 68, fo. 21b. 


272. 


269. 


Repp. 70, fo. 18b : 71, £o. 176. 


273, 


270. 


Repp. 74, fE. 201b, 213 : 86, fo. 37 : 95, £E. 65b, 87. 




271. 


Rep. 240, in. 60. 





See ante, vol. I., pp. 329-361. 
The Twelve 6reat Livery Companies, 2 vols., 
1836-7. 



xlvi. 



Introduction. 



guild' s not very slender financial resources, do some small portion of the work whioli a more 
adequate conception of the moral duty of those who have important historical material 
in their charge would impel its officials to undertake themselves or entrust to oapahle 
hands. It is satisfactory to know that an authoritative history of the Drapers' Company 
has been confided to one of the leading writers of the Oxford school of history. 

Prom the date of the Charter of Edward II. (June, 1319), which restricted the 
freedom of the City to members of some mistery or trade, it became necessary for an 
Alderman to possess that qualification. From 1467, as we have seen, or at least from 
1475, the election of the Mayor and that of the Sherifis have 1: een in the hands of the Livery 
Companies.^'-i Until after the middle of the 16th century it was understood, though I 
have not found any express enactment or ordinance to that effect, that an Alderman 
must necessarily belong to one of the greater Companies : hence the translation on 
election as Aldermen from their parent inferior Companies, in some cases under extreme 
pressure, of J. Warner (1503), 0. Thurston (1513), R. Dodmer (1521), J. Brown (1523), 
B. Choppyn (1532), Sir J. Aylifie (1550), and T. Curtes (1556). Afterwards the 
restriction appears to have been held to apply only to Lord Mayors, and this was 
practically removed by the action of R. Willimott in 1742.2'5 

On February 25, 1446, a rule had been made that ' not more than six of one art or 
mistery ' should be Aldermen simultaneously.™ This led ta some trouble in the case of 
J, Brown in 1523.2" The limitation was removed during the Commonwealth by an order 
of the Common Council, December 23, 1642. ^re Apparently it was revived at the 
Restoration, though I have found no official entries to that effect, and the minute of 1642 
is not amongst those actually erased from the Journal after the reversion to the old order 
of things. It was, however, finally abolished on July 81, 1673.^™ 

There was a similar limitation in regard to the election of Mayor, an order of 
Common Council on September 18, 1475, prescribing that two Aldermen of the same art 
or mistery should not be returned for the election of one of them to the Mayoralty.^™ 
Before this date it was certainly not a frequent occurrence that two Aldermen from the 
same Company should be returned : the records do not always supply the names of both, 
but so far as they have been preserved the only instance I have found Is that of R. Drope 
and Sir R. Josselyn, drapers, in the preceding year (1474)^i, which probably suggested 
the new rule. I have no note of a formal repeal of this provision, which in course of 
time became a dead letter. In 1520 it was broken by the return of J. Brugge and 
J. Milborne, drapers,^*^ jn 1579 by that of W. Aleyn and L. Duckett, mercers .^^ in 1640 
by that of E. Wright and T. Soame, grocers.^a" in 1656 by that bf R. Tichborne and 
R. Chiverton, skinners. ^^s Later instances are those of Sir S. Garrard and Sir J. Jeffreys, 
grocers, in 1709, Sir P. Forbes and Sir J. Eyles, haberdashers, in 1725, Sir R. Baylis and 
Sir R. Brocas successively with H. Parsons, all grocers, in 1728 and 1729, Sir R. Glyn 
and T. Chitty, salters, in 1758, Sir W. Stephenson and G. Nelson, grocers, in 1764, 
S. Turner and B. Trecothick, clothworkers, in 1768, after which date there is no 
similar case for more than a century. 

During the last century the Mercers have been conspicuous by their absence from 
the roll of Aldermen ; the Grocers and the Drapers also have been very sparingly repre- 
sented, but each has contributed an Alderman of exceptional distinction in the persons 
respectively of Sir J. 0. Dimsdale and J. T. Thorp. Of the twelve greater Companies, the 
Merchant Taylors, the Fishmongers, the Goldsmiths and the Haberdashers have been the 
most continuously connected in modern times with the Court of Aldermen, though in the 
case of the last named there was an interval of nearly half a century (1806-1855) in which 
no Alderman belonged to that Company, and the loss in the course of a few years by death 



274. See ante, p. xxiv. 

276. See ante, vol. I., pp. 330-333. 

276. Journal 4, fo. 134. 

277. See ante, vol. I., p. 331. 

278. Journal 40 lo. 46b. 

279. Rep. 78, fo. 244. 



280. Letter Book L, fo. 113. 

281. Letter Book L, fo. 113b ; Jo. 8, fo. 142b. 

282. Letter Book N, fo. 145b. 

283. Journal 19, to. 356b. 

284. Letter Book 00, fo. 262b. 

285. Letter Book TT, to. 116. 



Introduction. xlvii. 

or resignation of Sir R. Hanson, Sir J. W. Ellis, W. M. Guthrie and Sir F. S. Hanson has 
(it is to be hoped, only temporarily) deprived the Court of the presence of a Merchant 
Taylor. 

At the present date (November, 1912) the greater Companies are represented by 
three Haberdashers, two Goldsmiths, a Fishmonger and a Vintner, six members of the 
Court out of twenty-six. Sir G. Trusoott being both a Haberdasher and a Vintner. There 
is no member of the three senior Companies and there is a similar absence of the 
Skinners, Merchant Taylors, Salters, Ironmongers and Clothworkers. On the other hand 
the less historic Companies are strongly represented, many of the Aldermen belonging to 
several of them, the two most popular being the Loriuers and the Speotaolemakers, 
the former of which has twelve and the latter eight of the present Court of Aldermen 
among its members. 

With regard to the electorate by which the Aldermen were chosen, we have, as 
already noticed, the rather indefinite 'Men of the Ward ' (Walbrook) choosing Alexander 
le Ferrun for their Alderman in 1249.2M At the General Election of Aldermen before 
John le Breton, the Custos, in June, 1293, ' the wealthier and wiser men from each 
Ward ' chose the Aldermen, ' each by their several Wards,'^*^ but we are not told whether 
there was then any definite standard of wealth or of wisdom, (qualifications not 
invariably found in conjunction), the determination of which apparently was a matter for 
the discretion of the Custos. After this date the minutes of the elections, where (which is 
by no means regularly the case) the electorate is mentioned at all , record that the Aldermen 
are chosen by ' the men,' or ' the good men ' of the Ward as in 1249. Some centuries 
later, disputes arose as to the right of non-freemen residing in the City to take part in 
the elections of Aldermen and Common Councilmen, and it was determined by an Act 
of Common Council on October 26, 1692, that they had not such right,''e8 and the 
limitation to freemen was recognised in the Act of 1714 which in ' reviving the ancient 
manner of electing Aldermen' (to quote its official title) provided that in future each 
Alderman should ' be elected according to the ancient custom by the householders of that 
Ward which shall be void of an Alderman, being freemen of the said City, and paying 
scot and bearing lot. '289 The freedom qualification was abolished in 1867, but the right 
of voting was still restricted to those rated as householders to the amount of £10, who 
are liable to serve ward and parish offices and on juries and so comply with the old 
requirement of ' paying scot and bearing lot.'^^o 



At one time the Court of Aldermen assumed the same kind of relation to the Common 
Council which under Poynings' Act the English Parliament established towards the Irish. 
On June 12, 1618, it was determined that the Aldermen should ' debate and conclude all 
matters ' before they were presented to the Common Oouncil.''9i Again on March 10, 
1642, there was a similar decree that no petition should be read or presented to the 
Common Council before it had been read and approved in the Court of Aldermen,2S2 and 
on July 16, 1669, there was a further resolution that the Court of Aldermen should meet 
the day before the Common Council, when all bills, reports and matters to be preferred to 
the Common Council should be brought to the Court of Aldermen to be ' read, perused 
and considered. '2^' The Act of Parliament ' for regulating elections within the City of 
London and for preserving the peace, good order and good government of the said City ' 
(1725) in order to put a ' final end to all disputes between the Mayor and Aldermen and 
the members of the Common Council ' provided in its 15th clause that in future 'no act, 
order or ordinance whatsoever ' should be made or passed in the Common Council 
without the assent of the Mayor and Aldermen present, or the major part of them, nor 
without the assent of the commons present. '^^i This Act was stoutly opposed both in 
Parliament and in the City by the Tory party, no doubt less from any regard for the 

286. See ante, p. xvii. 291. Kep. 33, fo. 322. 

287. Letter Book C, fo. 6. 292. Eep. 55, fo. 393b. 

288. Journal 51, fo. 211. 293. Rep. 74, fo. 223b. 

289. Journal 56, fo. 98b. 294. Birch Historical Ohariers, pp. 286, 287, 

290. Act 30 and 31 Vict. c. i., sect. 2 (City of London 

Municipal Elections Amendment Act). 



xlviii. Introduction. 

abstract rights of the Commoners than from their realisation of the fact that at that time 
the Court of Aldermen had a Whig majority, while the heterogeneous opposition to the 
Walpole ministry was predominant in the Common Council. Had the question been 
debated half a century later, in the period of the Wilkes agitation and the American 
taxation troubles, we may be sure that every Tory would have supported the bill 
and every Whig would have opposed it. In the House of Lords it was proposed that the 
jadges should be consulted as to whether the provisions of the bill were contrary to the 
Act 2, William and Mary, which quashed the Quo Warranto proceedings and restored to 
the City its ancient rights and privileges, and when this was rejected 16 Tory peers 
inclading Lords Bathurst, Bingley, Gower and Foley and Bishop Gastrell of Chester, 
signed a protest, A further protest signed by 22 peers was made on the passing of the 
third reading of the Bill, in one clause of which the signatories say that ' though the 
council [sic] for the Bill insisted that the Mayor and Aldermen had anciently that right 
which this Bill establishes, yet the proof of that right appeared to us so remote and obscure 
that we own ourselves too shortsighted to discern it and ... it appeared plain tons that, 
even from the time, that of incorporating the City to the present time, such a claim 
has very seldom been made and that it has never been acknowledged. '^^^ The Bill had 
been strenuously opposed in the Commons by three of the four City members, the only 
supporter being Alderman Sir Richard Hopkins, who was a steady adherent of the Whig 
ministry of Walpole. 

A continuous agitation was kept up against the obnoxious provision, and in 1746 
the clause was repealed by the statute 19, George II., o. 8.^'^ 



The changes in the personnel of the Court of Aldermen have for the most part 
been very regular in their recurrence, except in the cases where a newly elected 
Alderman has been discharged immediately or after a few days' or weeks' tenure. The 
vacancies by death and resignation have been usually from one to three each year, and 
it is only very rarely that an interval of more than two years has passed without the 
introduction of a new member to the Court. The longest period without a change has 
been the four years and a few days which intervened between the election of R. A. Cox 
on the last day of May, 1813, and that of J. T. Thorp in June, 1817. Next to this 
come those between J. Crowder and Sir P. Laurie (April, 1823-J'une 1826), between 
F. G. Moon and D. Salomons (October, 1844-December, 1847), and between T. S. 
Owdeu and T. White (April, 1868-April, 1871), all in the 19th century : the longest in 
earlier times being between J. de Stodeye and R. de Notyngham (July, 1352- 
May, 1355), between W. Melreth and W. Russe (autumn of 1432-1435), and between 
Sir H. Waver and J. Warde (October, 1465-July, 1468). 

A few years have been conspicuous for the mortality amongst Aldermen. In 1349, 
the year of the Black Death, R. Basyngstoke, G. Wychingham, W. Thorneye and 
J, Syward died in the months of May, June and July, and H. Dairci in September or 
October : in 1485, R. Chester and Sir W. Haryot died in the earlier portion of the year, 
and in the autumn the ' sweating sickness ' carried off in rapid succession Sir T. Hill, 
T. Breteyn, Sir W. Stokker, J. Stokker, T. Northland and R. Rawsou. The five months 
between December, 1535, and May, 1536, were fatal to three ex-Lord Mayors (Sir T. 
Seymour, Sir R. Dodmer, Sir S. Pecocke), a fourth (Sir J. Milbourne) followed in the 
autumn, and two Aldermen below the Chair (J. Hardy and T. Colyns) died within the 
same period. The eleven months between December, 1555, and October, 1556, made an 
even larger inroad on the Aldermanic ranks, H. Herdson dying at the end of the former 
year. Sir Richard Dobbys on May l:-i. Sir William Laxton on July 29, Sir John 
Champneys, Sir Henry Huberthorn, Sir John Aylifi and Sir John Gresham in the 
month of October, four of the six being ex-Lord Mayors. Another fatal period was the 
year 1711, when Sir Richard Levett died on January 20, Sir Charles Duucombe on April 
9, Sir Robert Bedingfeld on May 2, Sir Thomas Stampe on July 25, Sir Joseph Woolfe on 

295. Eogers Protests of the Bouse of Lords (No8. 247, 248, 249), vol. 1., pp. 357-363. 

296. Noortlioiick's History of London, p. 356. 



Inteoduction. xlix. 

September 10, Sir John Houblon following them on January 10, 1712, making a total of six 
(of whom five had occupied the Chair) within twelve months. The most fatal year since 
then was 1737, when Sir C. Peers died on January 29, Sir H. Hankey on January 30, 
E, Alsop on March 12, Sir Gerard Conyers on July 20, and Sir B. Brocas on November 7, 
of whom thrae were ex-Lord Mayors. In 1912 four ex-Lord Mayors died : Sirs H. D. 
Davies and J. T. Ritchie on September 18, and Sir J. W. Ellis on September 20, 
Sir J. C. Dimsdale having predeceased these on August 10 ; the two last named of these, 
however, had ceased to be Aldermen before their deaths. 



Although it could not be expected that more than a small proportion of those who 
have been elected Aldermen of London would be men of national and permanent rather 
than of local and transient eminence, yet as many as 170 are deemed worthy of notice in 
our great literary valhalla the Dictionary of National Biography,''^ and when the names 
of some of those included are compared with some conspicuous by their absence, it is 
difficult to understand on what principle of selection such men as Thomas fitz-Thomas, 
Walter Hervi, Hamo de Chigwell, Richard Lyong, Sir Andrew Judde, Thomas Witherings, 
Sir Thomas Cooke (ii.), George Heathcote, John Barber, Sir Robert Godschall, Sir George 
Champion, Barlow Trecothick, Brackley Kennett, James Townsend, Frederick Bull, 
Sir Watkin Lewes, William Lee, Richard Atkinson and Harvey Christian Combe are 
denied admission to the sacred enclosure which finds room for Maria Manning (a personage 
more appropriately accommodated in the Tussaud Chamber of Horrors), and allots 
a larger space to Dan Leuo than to that eminent Whig statesman, the late Lord Halifax 
(Sir Charles Woqd)_298 i^ tj^e footnotes to the names in the Chronological List in these 
volumes, I have pointed out omissions and errors in many of the notices of Aldermen 
which appear in that great work, because had I not specifically called attention to them, 
the great prestige of the Dictionary would, not unnaturally, secure unchallenged 
acceptance for its many misstatements of fact and date. In dealing with these far 
too numerous 'spots on the sun,' I have certainly not 'set down aught in malice,' 
and I have called special attention to such excellent specimens of biography as the 
articles, e.g., on Richard Chambers, Sir R. Gresham, SirC. Hoddesdon, Sir Thomas 
White, Whittington, Wilkes, Rowland Wilson and Sir S. Waterlow. 

The roll of Aldermen contains, it is true, few names like those of Walworth 
and Wilkes and Whittington, of which the last is known in every child's nursery and 
the others are familiar not only to ' every schoolboy ' as Macaulay would say, but to ' the 
man in the street.' 

But to the historical student there are many others which are of interest and 
which he cannot afiord to overlook. In the early struga;les of civic parties *Thomas 
fitz Thomas, *Walter Hervi, 'Henry le Waleys, 'Gregory de Rokesle were men, if not ' of 
light ' at least 'of leading.' In the later days of Edward II. and Richard 11., in the varied 
phases of the contest between the houses of York and Lancaster and especially at the 
crisis of 1483 and Richard of Gloucester's coup d'etat, amid the troubles of the Civil War 
and the Commonwealth, at the era of the Restoration and the Revolution, in the years 
when ' the great Walpolean battle ' was being fought in parliament and in the country, and 
again when George III. was striving to subdue the great Whig families, and in the agitation 
which preceded the Reform Bill, the protagonists in the arena of civic politics in London 
were not unconnected, some creditably and some the reverse, with the course of events 
of national moment. In their turns *Hamo de Chigwell, 'Richard de Betoyne, Richard 

297. Tlie writers ot the notices appear to have .been in several cases unaware of the fact that their subjects 

ever had been Aldermen of London, 'while others, possessing ample facilities for research and 
veriflcaLion, marred their articles by careless errors both of omission and commission. 

298. The disproportionate allotment of space to its subjects as compared with their relative importance in 

history or literature is one of the curiosities of the Dictionary. Thus, e.g.. Lord Melbourne has only 
eleven columns, George Grenvilie seven and Charles Townshend five, whereas Campbell-Bannerman 
has eighteen ( I) and, while Robert Browning is favoured with twenty-six, twenty are considered 
sufficient for Tennyson, and eighteen for Addison : so too, Goldwin Smith has twenly -four columns (!) 
whereas Bishop Burnet has but twenty-three and Macaulay only seventeen. 'Slo libuit vano qui 
nos distinxit ....', 

Those marked thus <* were Lord Mayors. 



1 Inteoduotion. 

Lyons, » John Philipot, * John de Northampton, *Nicholas Brembre, *Thomas Cook (i.), 
•Edmund Shaa, Richard Rede, Richard Chambers, William Abell, 'Abraham Reynardson, 
•Robert Tiohborne, John Barkstead, Rowland Wilson, 'Christopher Pack, John Wildman, 
•Richard Browne, 'Robert Clayton, 'John Moore, 'Thomas Pilkington, Dudley North, 
Henry Cornish, 'Humphrey Edwin, 'Gilbert Heathoote, 'John Barnard, George Heath- 
oote, 'Humphrey Parsons, 'William Beckford, 'Brass Crosby, 'Barlow Trecothick, 
Richard Oliver, •James Townsend, 'John Sawbridge, 'Harvey Combe, 'Samuel Birch, 
•William Curtis, 'Matthew Wood, 'Robert Waithman, 'Henry Winchester in their 
several degrees took a prominent part in the public life of their times : ' they had their 
day and ceased to be,' but their disembodied phantoms still flit across the page of history 
and arrest the attention of the careful researcher into the records of the past. 

And it is not only in political life, whether civic or national, that Aldermen of 
London have played a conspicuous part or done deeds at least as worthy of remembrance. 
The roll of founders and benefactors at Oxford is enriched with the revered name of 
•Thomas White, whose memory not Oxford only, but Bristol, Coventry and the great 
school of the Merchant Taylors have reason to cherish. The notice of him in the 
Dictionary of National Biography has been fittingly written by a distinguished alumnus 
of the College which he founded and endowed in the University of Oxford, Archdeacon 
Hutton. Cambridge owes her Arabic Professorship to the bounty of 'Sir Thomas Adams. 

Of 'Andrew Judde, 'William Harper, 'William Laxton, 'John Gresham, Erasmus 
Smith, it may be said that the good they did 'lives after them,' and was not 'interred 
with their bones ' : the fame of the four first-named of these is perpetuated at Tonbridge, 
at Bedford, at Oundle, and at Holt, and few names hold a higher place in the history of 
national education in Ireland than that of the fifth. And in connexion with ' schools 
and seminaries of useful learning ' as they are styled in the Bidding Prayer, we ought 
not to forget 'Henry Billingsley, the first translator into English of Euclid's Elements, 
that familiar text book, so long the bane of the idle schoolboy, now at length by the 
superior enlightenment of the 20th century relegated to the scrap heap of educational 
derelicts, while the young tiro in geometry substitutes for the harder task of essaying 
the tortuous passage of the pons asinorum the pleasanter pastime of pottering with a 
protractor and measuring lines on squared paper.^asa 

Others, besides the above, deserve remembrance for acts of munificence and 
charity in various directions : such are Simon fitz-Mary, 'John Wodeook, 'William 
Sevenoke, 'Robert Chichele, 'Simon Eyre, 'Stephen Jenyns, *6eorge Monoux, 'Rowland 
Hill, 'Richard Dobbys, 'Thomas Offley, 'Wolstan Dixie, Henry Smith, William Adams, 
John Moore, the elder Henry Ashhurst, John Cass, some of whose names live enshrined 
for ever in the deathless pages of quaint old Fuller. And with such men as these I 
trust it is not invidious to name one still living, for we may be sure that the Recording 
Angel has written as ' one who loves his fellow-men ' the name of 'William Purdie 
Treloar, who has done so much to gladden the hearts and brighten the lives of so 
many thousands of poor and afflicted children. 

And many more deserve to be recorded for their place among the eminent 
merchant princes of their day, as 'John Welles, John Crosby, 'Henry Colet (the father 
of the great Dean of St. Paul's), 'William Hewet, 'John Spencer, 'Richard Saltonstall, 
'Thomas Lowe, Richard Staper, before the close of the 16th century. When the East 
India Company was first established, the original Governor (T. Smyth) and Deputy- 
Governor (W. Romeney) and eight other of its original ' Committees ' (the predecessors of 
the ' Directors ' of later times) were actual or future Aldermen, as also were sixteen 
of its Governors during the first century of its existence, as well as eight Deputy- 
Governors who did not pass to the higher Chair. Of another great commercial 
corporation, the Levant or Turkey Company, the Governors during the first seventy 

298a. Those who have read and appreciated Euclid and his Modem Ri vaU, by the hite C. L. Dodgson (better 
known as 'Lewis Carroir) will feel some satisfaction that the genial creator of Alice in Wonderland 
was spared the mortiflcation of living to witness the triumph of this ' reform in geometrical teaching.' 

Those marked thus * were Mayors or Lord Mayors. 



Introduction. Ij 

years of the 17th century were all Aldermen of London, and when the South Sea 
Company was incorporated in the Eeigu of Anne, the Sub-Governor and five others of 
the original Directors were also actual or future members of the Court. 

The great goldsmiths of the 17th century, the predecessors of the modern bankers, 
contributed 'Thomas and *Eobert Vyuer, Francis Meynell, Edward Backwell, *Charles 
Duncombe to the Aldermanio ranks : the great banking houses of later days have been 
represented by the first *Prancis Child and his two sons, Robert and 'Francis, by two of 
*the Hoares and two of 'the Glyns, three of the Hankeys, 'Thomas Hallifax, 'Robert 
Ladbroke, 'William Curtis, Robert Williams, and in very recent years by two of the 
most popular Lord Mayors, 'Robert Fowler and 'Joseph Dimsdale. 

When the Bank of England was founded its first Governor ('Sir John Houblon) 
was an Alderman, and in its first forty years its Directorate included Sirs *J. Ward, 
*J. Bateman, F. Eyles, 'Gilbert Heathcote, *P. Delme, 'G. Oonyers, T. Scawen, 
'E. Bellamy (Governors) as well as Sirs James Houblon, 'W. Gore, H. Purnese, 
*T. Abney, W. Hedges (all members of the first Board), 'W. Ashhurst, 'R. Levett, 
'R. Clayton, 'G. Peers, 'G. Thorold, R. Knipe, 'John Eyles, Joseph Eyles, 'W. 
Humphreys, 'F. Forbes, F. Porteu, *J. Thompson and the unknighted C. Chamberlain 
and B. Alsop. 

Nor ought we to pass over the few Aldermen who have devoted some of their 
leisure to recording the annals of the City or of the country. Chief amongst these, of 
course, is Robert Fabyan, but we must not forget the good work done by Arnold fitz- 
Thedmar in the 13th and by William Gregory in the loth centuries, to both of whom the 
historian of later times owes a deep debt. In the centuries to come it may be thit the 
young researcher in civic history will feel grateful for the unpretentious but sound and 
useful work of one who has only recently been received into the ranks of the order in 
which as a commoner he evinced so keen and fruitful an interest.^^s 



And in addition those who have attained celebrity either by their course of action 
as public men or by their prominent position in the world of commerce or of finance or by 
munificence in life or by posthumous benefactions, there have been not a few among 
the Aldermen of London who deserve remembrance either as founders of great families 
or as ancestors of eminent warriors and statesmen. In an appendix to Part III. of his 
Citizens of London mid their Rulers, the late B. B. Orridge traced the descent of many 
such illustrious Englishmen from an Aldermanic ancestor, and the biographical notes in 
these volumes will show that Orridge's list is capable of considerable expansion. 

Francis Bacon numbered among his ancestors 'Sir Thomas Cook, John Hawes and 
Sir William Fitzwilliam, from the last named of whom sprang the noble family which 
bears his name, as well as Lord Cardigan, the hero of Balaklava. Cook was also 
ancestor to two chief Ministers of the Crown, Robert Cecil, first Earl of Salisbury, and 
his illustrious descendant and namesake, the late Marquess of Salisbury, who was like- 
wise descended from another Chief Magistrate, 'Sir Crisp Gascoyue. Of Chancellors and 
Keepers of the Great Seal since Bacon, Lord Keeper Coventry was descended from 'John 
Coventre, Lord Cowper (and his descendants the poet William Cowper and the late Earl, 
who governed Ireland in the stormy period of 1880-1882) from Sir William Cowper, Earl 
Bathurst from Lancelot Bathurst and Sir Benjamin Bathurst ; Lord Hatherley was the 
son of Sir Matthew Wood. Oliver Cromwell and John Hampden could both claim 
descent from 'Thomas Mirfyu and 'Sir Ralph Warren. Lord Melbourne, Queer. 
Victoria's first Prime Minister, could trace his ancestry to 'Sir Thomas Leigh and 'Sir 
George Bonde : so also could Marlborough and his descendants, amongst whom are 
reckoned the Earls Spencer (Pitt's First Lord of the Admiralty, Grey's Chancellor of the 

299. Sir J. J. Baddeley, author of the Aldermen of Cripplegate Ward and of the Guildhatl of the 

City of London. 
Those marked thus * were Mayors or Lord Mayors. 



111. Inteoduction. 

Exchequer [the Althorp of the Beform Bill period] , the ' Eed Earl ' and the present 
possessor of the title who prefaced his best-remembered speech to a delighted House of 
Commons with the assurance that he was ' not an agricultural labourer,') the late Lord 
Randolph Churchill, the political ' comet of a season,' and his hardly less famous son, 
who has played so many parts and is now ' the ruler of the King's navee,' and who will 
live in history as the patentee of an immortal euphemistic circumlocution : from the 
same stock spring the later Diikes of Leeds, the first to bear which title, better known as 
Danby, Charles II.'s chief minister, was the great-grandson of *Sir Edward Osborne, 
whose romantic alliance with the daughter of *Sir William Hewett is too well-known 
to need record here. Sir Thomas Leigh was, moreover, the ancestor not only of the 
present Lord Leigh and his predecessors in title (both of the elder line which he 
represents and of the younger which was ennobled earlier, but whose peerage has 
been long extinct), but also of Chatham and the younger Pitt. 

*Geofirey Boleyn was a direct ancestor of Henry VIII. 's queen, Anne Boleyn, (the 
mother of Queen Elizabeth) and also, through Anne's sister, of Nelson and of the Earls of 
Kimberley. William Pulteney, the leader of the Parliamentary opposition to Walpole, 
who in 1742 made ' the great refusal,' was descended, as also is the present Marquess of 
Crewe, from *Sir John de Pulteney. Walpole himself was fourth in descent from *Sir 
Edward Barkham, and married the daughter of '*Sir John Shorter, by whom he was the 
father of the dilettante Horace of Strawberry Hill. Sir Baptist Hicks (afterwards 
Viscount Campden) was' ancestor of a great poet and of a great admiral (Byron and Howe) 
as well as of the Earls of Essex of the present line, who are in direct descent from 
■"Sir William Capell, who was also ancestor to the Dukes of Bolton and the Marquesses 
of Winchester. The Lords Petre have two Lord Mayors as ancestors ('"Sir John Browne 
and his son *William Browne) : the Eichs, Earls of Warwick and of Holland, were 
descended from "Sir Thomas Baldry : *Sir William Hollyes was the f ouoder of the family 
from which sprang Denzil Holies, the parliamentary leader (one of the ' five members ' of 
1642), and the two Prime Ministers, Henry Pelham and that Duke of Newcastle whose 
ineptitudes havo been immortalized by Maoaulay. The second Earl of Manchester 
(associated as Lord Kimbolton with 'the five members'), from whom the Dukes of 
Manchester are descended, was grandson of the daughter of Francis Bowyer. The 
Marquesses of Bath trace descent from '"Sir Eowland Hey ward and from "'Sir Richard 
Gresham, the latter of whom was also an ancestor of the Lords Braybrooke. The first 
Earl of Dorset (Thomas Sackvillo), eminent alike as a politician and as the author of the 
first English tragedy,2^3:i -^^as the grandson of '*Sir John Brugge. Prom Francis Dashwood 
descended his namesake (Lord le Despencer), who not inaccurately described himself as 
the worst Chancellor of the Exchequer that had ever held the office, and also the Earls of 
Warwick of the existing line. 

The Earls and Marquesses of Northampton, Spencer Compton, Earl of Wilmington 
(nominal Prime Minister after Walpole) and Henry Compton, Bishop of London, were 
descended from the first Earl of Northampton who (when Lord Compton) eloped with the 
heiress of rich ''Sir John Spencer : ancestor of the Earls of Ducie was *Sir Robert Ducye : 
*Thomas Leggy is claimed as the founder of the family of Legge, Earls of Dartmouth, 
which includes Henry Legge, Chancellor of the Exchequer, the pious 2ud Earl who was 
Secretary of State under North (' one who wears a coronet and prays ') and more than 
one Bishop. Among the descendants of *Sir William Cokayne were the Viscounts 
Cullen, the Dukes and Earls of Anoaster and the Earls of Pomfretr from *Sir Peter 
Probie sprang the Earls of Oarysfort ; the later Earls of Kinnoul and Lords Rodney are in 
lineal descent from "Thomas Harley ; Viscount Lake, the Indian General, and the 
Dukes of Chandosfrom *Sir William Ryder. 



299a. The Tragedy of Cforboduc (1561). SackviUe was also Ijord Hlgli Treasurer of England. 
Those marked thus * were Mayors or Lord Mayors, 



Introduction. liii. 

It will be seen from the foregoing summary, which is far from exhausting the 
material, that the genealogical, no less than the purely historical, researcher may find 
a field by no means barren in a study of the Aldermen of London. 



The exigencies of space preclude me from dealing with the history of the Aldermen 
of London in relation to political movements and questions of party otherwise than very 
briefly. To treat of it adequately would require a separate monograph. The more 
comprehensive subject, however, of the relation of the civic history of London to the 
general history of England has been dealt with by Dr. Sharpe with a master's hand in 
London and the Khigdom, and it covers much of the same ground. 

As a general rule the City of London has been on the democratic or ' popular ' side 
as is usually the case with capital cities, and for the most part, though not iavariably, 

the Aldermen have reflected the views of the community. We have the high authority 

which in this case, however, is altogether erroneous— of the late Professor Gardiner for 
the statement that the leader of the first historical popular emeute in the City, William 
fitz-Osbert (' Longbeard ') was ' one of the Aldermen ' of London.s™ a statement which 
the learned Professor must have evolved from his inner consciousness, as it has absolutely 
no foundation. In the struggles of Henry III.'s reign, while the populace appear to have 
sympathised with the cause of the Barons, which was upheld by some of the Aldermen 
as fitz-Thomas, Thovi and Stephen Bukerel, the majority of the Court sided with the 
King, the leaders of that party being Gregory de Kokesle, Henry le Waleys, Arnold 
fitz-Thedmar the chronicler, (whose distinctly prejudiced pen is responsible for one of 
the chief authorities on the civic history of the period), John Adrien and John Gisors. 
After fitz- Thomas' disappearance from the scene'™ his mantle fell on Walter Hervi, whom 
Dr. Sharpe describes as a ' worthy successor ' to him,*'^ a phrase which is patient of 
more than one meaning. After his Mayoralty, during which he carried out a democratic 
policy with a high hand, affixing the City Seal to certain ordinances for the regulation 
of the crafts on his own responsibility, he was succeeded by Bokesle who annulled his 
acts, and after some unseemly personal wrangles brought a formal accusation against him 
of committing divers 'presumptuous acts and injuries ' and thus secured his ejection from 
his Aldermanry. During 13 years of Edward I.'s reign (1285-1298), in consequence of 
Eokesle's act of discourtesy to the King's Justiciars at the Iter of the former year, 
the City was in the hands of the King and ruled by a Gustos appointed by him. In the 
troubles at the end of Edward II. 's reign the City at first supported the King against 
the Barons and contributed men to the royal forces which won the Battle of Borough- 
bridge (1321). But at the end of the reign the City went over to the side of Isabella and 
Mortimer, Bichard de Betoyn and John de Gisors being the leaders of the majority 
in the Court of Aldermen, while Hamo de Chigwell, whom one of the Aldermen of - 
the other party (John Cotun) described in language more powerful than polite as 
' pessimus vermis qui venit in civitate Isici jam xx annis elapsis et amplius,' represented 
the King.«» 

In the reign of Eichard II. the struggles between the victualling trades (Grocers, 
Fishmongers, Vintners) on one side and the non-victualling (Mercers, Drapers, Gold- 
smiths, Skinners) on the other became of national importance, as being closely associated 
with and ultimately to some extent merged in the feud between the supporters of the King 

300. Students' History of England, p. 169. (This Is not the only statement In the original edition o( 

Students' History which should make the omniscient schoolboys of Macaulay, like Quintllian, ' stare 
and gasp.') 

301. FitzThomaswas summoned to Windsor in October, 1265, and on Mondjiy, October 6, he was imprisoned 

in the Castle Keep and nothing more is known of him. Dr. Sharpe (London and the Kingdom, 
I., 101) and Lottie {History of London, i,, 101)— who, however, misdates, making October 6 tall on a 
Friday — agree on this point and I know of no evidence to the contrary. But in the History of 
Lmidcm by H. Douglas Irvine, p. 49, it is stated that ' he was released from prison in 1268 and 
banished from the City.' No authority is given for this assertion, and an application to the author 
through the publisher failed to elicit any. 

302. London and the Kingdom, i., 107. 

303. Pleas and Memoranda, Roll A 1, membr. xxiii. dors. 



liv. Introduction. 

and those of his uncles John of Gaunt and Thomas of Woodstock. The victualling party 
led by Brembre, Walworth, s»i Philipot and Exton were adherents of the King: their 
opponents under the leadership of John of Northampton, John More, Twyford and Norbury 
received the countenance of the Royal Dukes, and supported their policy. It is a curious 
fact that at the time of Wat Tyler's insurrection four Aldermen, Home, Sibyls, Tonga, 
Karlill, who all more or less openly sympathised with the rebels, (Horn going to Tyler's 
camp at Blackheath and encouraging him to enter London, Tonge and Sibyle opening 
respectively Aldgate and the gate on London Bridge to the invaders), and who were 
subsequently put on trial for complicity with them but accLuitted through absence of 
witnesses, belonged to the victualling guilds, Horn and Sibyle being fishmongers, Tonge 
a vintner and Sibyle a grocer, whereas Walworth, the Mayor, whose part in the 
suppression of the rising is historic, was also a fishmonger, and this and the allied trades 
were usually on the side of the King.^os It is also strange that at a later period when 
Northampton and his party were on their trial, it was alleged that John More, a mercer 
and one of Northampton's chief allies, had secured the acquittal of Horn and the others 
by ensuring the suppression of evidence against them. The course of the struggle between 
the two parties is traced by Dr. Sharpe™ and it is not necessary to deal with it here : 
each party had its periods of triumph and of defeat. Brembre was put to death by the 
Merciless Parliament during the ascendency of Gloucester (Thomas of Woodstock) ; 
Northampton, More and Norbury had been earlier condemned to death when their 
opponents had the upper hand, but their sentences were commuted to perpetual imprison- 
ment from which they were ultimately freed. Loftie regards Brembre as a sort of monster 
of unsorupulousness, but it would be difficult to assign the palm for that particular 
characteristic to either Brembre or Northampton. Eevolufcions, political or civic, were not 
made with rose-water in those days. 'Autres temps, autres mreurs.' Neither party is 
likely to hang Mr. Asquith or to send Mr. Bonar Law or even Sir Edward Carson to 
perpetual imprisonment in the 20th century, but there is a good deal of human nature — 
especially party human nature — in the party politician, and those who read recent history 
with a dispassionate eye may reasonably doubt whether the leaders of party majorities 
are less disposed now than in the days of Brembre and Northampton to make a tyrannous 
use of a temporary triumph, or more scrupulous as to the available means by which such 
triumphs are to be obtained. 

The contests between the opposing guilds continued in a less acute form throughout 
the reign of Richard II. In 1389 there was a keen contest for the Mayoralty, Venour 
(grocer) defeating Adam Bamme (goldsmith). During the first thirteen years, at the 
elections from 1377 to 1389 inclusive, a member of one of the non-victualling guilds had 
been chosen Mayor only at those of 1381, 1382 and 1388 : during the remaining nine years 
grocers were elected in 1392 and 1393 and a vintner in 1393, the choice in the other six 
falling on one of the opposite party. In the Court of Aldermen the victualling guilds had 
the majority in the four years 1377-1380 and again in 1384-1387 inclusive, after which 
their opponents outnumbered them. 

During the Wars of the Roses the sympathies of the City and of the majority of 
the Aldermen were with the Yorkists. Sir T. Cook, the most prominent Lancastrian 
Alderman, was removed by the King's orders in November, 1468 : Sir J. Plomer, another 
Lancastrian, had been ejected in July on a charge of treason, and H. Hayford was also 



304. By a regrettable lapsus calami it is stated in London and the Kingdom, i., 215, that Walworth was 

with Northampton, one of the leaders of the party that favoured John of Gaunt. It is still more 
to be regretted that an uncritical writer should have adopted this statement, when he contributed 
an article on Walworth to the Dictionary of National Biography. 

305. In connexion with the action of Horn, Sibyle and Tonge in 1381, Dr. Sharpe draws special attention 

to the fact that they continued in office as Aldermen down to March, 1382, and that at the annual 
election which then took place not one of them was re-elected (Calendar of Letter Book H p xxvi ) 
The context implies the suggestion that their non-re-election then was due to their conduct in the 
Tyler troubles. It is, however, susceptible of a much simpler explanation, inasmuch as at that date 
retiring Aldermen were not eligible candidates for Immediate re-election, and so the fact hardly 
needs the emphasis which Dr. Sharpe has assigned to it. Horn and Sibyle, liowever never again 
were chosen Aldermen, but Tonge and also KarUll returned to the Court after an interval. 

306. London and the Kingdom, 1., 216-240. 



Inteoduction. Iv. 

' exonerated ' at the King's command in December, and presumably for political reasons, 
as he was restored to the Court with Cook on the return of Henry VI. at the end of 1470, 
after which Cook presided in it as Deputy-Mayor, Stockton, the actual Mayor, feigning 
illness. In June, 1471, Cook was promptly removed again on Edward IV.'s return,'"'' 
but Hayford was not disturbed. On the death of Edward IV. the then Mayor, Edmund 
Shaa, was conspicuous as a partizan of the Duke of Gloucester, and his brother (Ralph 
Shaa), a, popular preacher, used the pulpit at St. Paul's Cross to denounce the late 
King's marriage as illegal and his children thereby incapable of succeeding. 

In 1545 an Alderman, Richard Rede, who resisted Henry VIII.'s demand on the 
citizens for a ' benevolence,' was punished in a novel way by being sent off to serve with 
the army then invading Scotland, where he was taken prisoner by the enemy almost 
immediately in a skirmish at Jedworth, and held to ransom. 

In Edward VI.'s reign the City took the side of Warwick (afterwards Duke of 
Northumberland) in the struggle for power with Protector Somerset, and materially 
assisted him in effecting the latfcer's overthrow. When at the end of the reign Edward 
was induced to name Lady Jane Grey as his successor, Northumberland was able to 
persuade the Mayor (Sir G. Barne) and several Aldermen, including Sir J. Gresham, 
Sir A. Judde and Sir R. Dobbys, who had passed the Chair, to attest the will. Barne, 
however, took no part in Jane's proclamation, and when Mary entered the City she met 
with no opposition. 

At the end of Elizabeth's reign Alderman Thomas Smyth, who was then Sheriff, 
gave some encouragement to the foolish insurrection of Essex and was in consequence 
deprived of both his civic offices. 

At the beginning of the troubles in Charles I.'s reign, which ended in the Civil War, 
the majority of the Aldermen resisted the King's unconstitutional means of raising 
money, but the most prominent civic opponents of the Court as Richard Chambers and 
John WoUaston, who took the lead in resistance to Shipmoney, were not then, though 
they became later, members of the Aldermanic body. In May, 1640, four Aldermen, 
N. Rainton, J. Gayer, T. Soame, and T. Atkyn (of whom only the last-named took part 
against the King after war had broken out), were committed to prison for refusing to 
furnish lists of inhabitants in their respective wards able to contribute to a forced loan. 
Sir Henry Garaway, the Lord Mayor of that year, Acton next in seniority, Gurney, Cordell 
and Adams were unswerving royalists : so also was Reynardson, elected Alderman at the 
end of the year, but a strong opposition element was being formed : Atkyn, Penington 
and Wollaston, who were added to the Court in 1638 and 1639, were prominent 
Roundheads, and their ranks were augmented during the next four years by the elections 
of Towse, Andrewes, Powke, Chambers, Foot, Kendrioke, Edmunds, Avery and Bide. In 
April, 1649, the Roundhead majority having been further reinforced in the meantime 
by the elections of Thomas Vyner, C. Pack, J. Dethick and Rowland Wilson, five 
Cavalier Aldermen were ejected by the House of Commons — the Lord Mayor (Sir J . 
Gayer), Adams, Langham, Bunco and Reynardson : on May 30 and June 1 Soame and 
Chambers, who had absented themselves from the proclamation of the abolition of the 
Kingship, were also removed, and a few days later W. Gibbs was similarly ejected,w» and 
in December Richard Browne, who had fought against Charles I., but whose strong 
Presbyterianism could not brook the triumph of the Independents who formed the 
bulk of the New Model Army, was also expelled. Under the Commonwealth the majority 
of the new Aldermen elected were opportunists, ready to acquiesce in, and indeed to 
promote, a restoration of the monarchy when opportunity should offer, but also equally 
ready to adopt the existing status quo. Such were R. Chiverton, T. AUeyn, J. Frederick, 
J. Robinson (the nephew of Archbishop Laud), A. Bateman ; some regicides, however, as 

307. The statement that he was present at a meeting of Aldermen in January, 1472 (Letter Boole L, fo. 76b) 

is due to an obvious clerical error ; see post, p. 209. 
307a. Both Chambers and Glbbs had been on the side of the Parliament, but would not commit themselves 

to approval of the abolition oJ Monarchy. 



Ivi. Inteodtiction. 

Tiohborne and Barkstead, and strong Parliamentarians as J. Ireton, brother of Cromwell's 
son-in-law, and W. Love were ^Iso chosen at this period. After Cromwell's death some 
undisguised Royalists as T. Bludworth, W. Peake, W. Bolton, W. Wale were added, and 
when the movement for the Restoration was initiated the City co-operated with Monk 
in bringing it about. When Charles sent over the Declaration of Breda with a letter to 
the Common Council on May 1, sixteen Commissioners were appointed to wait on the 
King with the Council's answer : among whom were four of the displaced Aldermen of 
1649 (Adams, Langham, Bunce and Reynardson),™"' also Aldermen Foot (who declined), 
Robinson, Wale and A. Bateman. 

After the King's return one Alderman (Robert Tichborne, ex-Lord Mayor) and three 
ex- Aldermen (Isaac Penington, ex -Lord Mayor, John Barkstead and Edmond Harvey) 
were attainted by Act 12, Car. II., c. 30, of whom Barkstead was executed and the other 
three were imprisoned for life. By the earlier Act of Oblivion passed in the same session 
(1650) [12, Car. II., o. 12, sect. 42] Aldermen Christopher Pack and John Ireton (ex-Lord 
Mayors) were excepted by name from the benefits of that Act if after September 1, 1660, 
they should accept or execute any of&ce, ecclesiastical, civil or military : hence they 
ceased from that date to act asAldermeu.^"* Section 43 9f the Act further excluded from 
office any who since December 5, 1648 (the date of ' Pride's Purge ') had given sentences 
of death on any person in the so-called High Courts of Justice or had signed any warrant 
for carrying out such sentences : under the operation of this section Aldermen Foot, 
Vyner and Dethick (ex-Lord Mayors) were removed. On September 4 the six surviving 
deprived Royalist Aldermen (Soame, Browne and the four named in the preceding 
paragraph) were restored by order of the King, but Langham and Bunce at once resigned 
and Reynardson not long after. The Corporation Act of 1661 (Car. II., u. 2) empowered 
the King to appoint Commissioners with authority to remove from office in the 
Corporations and appoint successors to any whose removal they should deem expedient 
for the public safety. Under the provisions of this Act the King's Commissioners 

J ' removed William Love and Tempest Milner, substituting for them Sir Thomas Bludworth 
and William Turner. The Court of Aldermen was now strongly Royalist, the majority of 
its members being thorough-going ' Church and King ' men, but there was a small 
minority under the leadership of Sir J. Lawrence, who favoured the Nonconformists. 
There is an interesting MS. account of the Aldermen drawn up in the early months of 
1672 giving from a bigoted courtier and Churchman's point of view the characters of the 
Aldermen of that date, from which extracts are given in the biographical notes on the 
Aldermen in this volume (pp. 182-191).**' During the agitation over the Popish Plot and 
the Exclusion Bill the general feeling of the City was against the Duke of York and the 

> Romanists, but the Exclusionists could only reckon on a small minority in the Court of 
Aldermen. The story of the fierce contests at Mayoral and Shrieval elections in 1680, 
1681 and 1682, and of the events that led up to the suspension of the Charter in 
1683, is narrated in detail by Dr. Sharpe, and forms an interesting chapter in civic 
history .^"5 

From 16S3 to 1688, the eight opposition Aldermen (Alleyn, Frederick, Lawrence, 
Clayton, Ward, Gold, Shorter, Cornish) having been removed, the Court of Aldermen 
became exclusively Tory, to use the name which had just come into vogue to denote 
the supporters of the Duke of York. But this monotonous unanimity did not last long. 
When James II. had determined on suspending the Test and Corporation Acts, he found 
himself strongly opposed by those ultra ' Church and King ' men, whose affection for the 

30rb. The fifth (Gayer) had died in the interim. 

308. John Blackwell (ex-Alderraan) was included in the same disquahflcation. Thomas Andrewes (ex-Lord 

Mayor) and ex-Alderman Francis Alleyn would have been attainted had they survived the 
Restoration, and their real and personal property was declared subject to forfeiture by Section 37 
of the Act. 
308a. The title of this paper is ' The Character of the Lord Mayor of London and the whole Court of 
Aldermen as it was drawn up and presented to His Majesty King Charles II. soon after the 
Restoration'; it is printed In the Gentleman's Magazine for November, J769, pp. 515-517. See 
post, p. 106, note 132, for the slovenly manner In which the date and the recipient of the document 
are stated In the Dictionary of Satkivml Biography. 

309. See London and the Kingdom, 11., 472-634. 



Introduction. Ivii. 

King and devotion to his -wishes were subordinate to their firm attachment to the 
Established Church and horror of ' Popery ' : hence James found or thought it necessary 
in 168Y to remove the Tory Aldermen wholesale and fiU their places mainly with Whigs 
and Dissenters. Sir P. Rich was got rid of in March: Sir J. Heme, Sir W. Bussell and 
Sir B. Newland followed in June, and in August ten more, including such tried supporters 
of High Church Toryism as Sir W. Turner, Sir W. Prichard, Sir J. Moore, Sir S. 
Dashwood, their successors including such staunch Whigs as H. Edwin, W. Ashhurst, 
Sir J. Eyles, C. Chamberlain and W. JoUiffe. 

In 1688 the Charter was restored : the survivors of the Aldermen who had held 
office in 1683 resumed their positions, of whom 14 were Tories and 4 Whigs, four more of 
each side being elected to fill vaoancies.si° ^g further vacancies arose by death or 
resignation, the Whig strength was reinforced, and by the end of 1690 the two parties 
were ec[ualised. By the end of William III.'s reign the Tories had recovered the 
majority, but a succession of Whig gains between 1702 and 1710 left the relative strength 
at 16 Whigs to 9 Tories. In the last years of Anne, during the Tory reaction which was 
induced by the Saoheverell trial, the Whigs resorted to various devices to retain their lead : 
the scrutinies in the Wardmotes were conducted with scandalous partiality by Whig Lord 
Mayors,^ii and when Sir Joseph Lawrence, a Tory, was returned for Bishopsgate in place 
of a Whig, the Aldermen of the latter party either did not attend meetings of the Court 
or walked out so as to prevent by the want of a quorum the admission of the newcomer. 
At the accession of George I. the Whig Aldermen numbered 14 to 12, and their lead was 
increased during the reign, before the end of which the numbers were 17 to 9. Then came 
the great struggle against Walpole, when the tide of popular feeling in the City ran 
strongly against the Prime Minister, though he retained a small majority of supporters in 
the Court of Aldermen. In 1742, when Walpole's ministry came to an end, he was still 
supported in that Court by 14 to 12. Great party disputes arose over the Mayoralty. ' In 
1739 Sir George Champion, the senior Alderman, having voted in Parliament for 
Walpole's Excise Bill and the Spanish Convention, was opposed, and the next below him, 
Sir J. Salter, being also a Whig, the opposition nominated Sir E. Godschall and placed 
him at the head of the poll, with Salter second : the Court, however, elected Salter. 
In 1740 Champion did not demand a poll, but the Court elected the second in seniority, 
George Heathcote, who also was a violent anti-Walpolean, in preference to Godschall, by 
11 votes to 8. Heathcote refused to serve, and at the next Common Hall H. Parsons, 
who had already passed the Chair and was a Jacobite, was returned with Godschall, 
when 12 Whig Aldermen voted for Parsons and 11 Tories and anti-Walpoleans 
(including both candidates) for Godschall. Parsons accepted office but died before the 
expiration of his year, and in March, 1741, Godschall was again returned with an 
ex-Lord Mayor, Sir John Barnard. The Whig majority chose Barnard, who refused to 
accept : then Daniel Lambert, the next Tory on the list, was returned with Godschall, 
two Whigs who came between them in seniority being passed over. Again by 18 to 10 
the Whigs rejected Godschall.^ia However, at the close of Lambert's term in October, 
1741, Godschall, who had been again returned with George Heathcote, was allowed to 
occupy the Chair without further opposition. 

In the later years of George II. the Aldermen and the Common Council were 
united in their admiration of the policy and vigorous administration of the elder Pitt, 

310. See post, p. 116. 

311. See ante, vol. I., p. 411. The Toiy Lord Mayors and deputj' Lord Mayors presiding at some 

Wardmotes In the reigns of George I. and George II. (during the Walpole period) appear to be open 
to similar animadversion. 

312. Eleven Walpoleans (Sir J. Eyles, Sli- E. Baylis, Sir W. Billers, Sir J. WUliams, Sir J. Thompson, 

Sir G. Champion. Sir H. Master, Sir J. Hanlcey, Shr W. Bona, W. Baker and 6. Arnold) voted against 
Godschall at both the elections in 1740 and also in 1741 ; they were Joined on the second occasion by 
Sir E. Bellamy, who did not vote in the other two divisions, and in 1741 by Sir J. Salter, who had 
presided as Lord Mayor In 1740, and by M. Perry. Godschall was supported by Sir J. Barnard, 
G. Heathcote, D. Lambert, H. Marshall and E. Hoare, as well by his own vote at each ol the three 
divisions in the Court of Aldermen ; and by R. Westley and E.. Wiilimott at the two later ones, they 
having been absent from the first. J. Barber and Sir .1. Lequesne voted lor him at both the 1740 
elections and died before the third. H. Parsons was absent from the first election and voted for 
Godschall at the second. R. Levett, who was on his deathbed, was absent from the 1740 elections : 
his successor, W. Benn, voted for Godschall in 1741, as did E. Ladbroke who had taken the place of 
Barber ; Lequesne's seat was then still vacant. 



Iviii. Introduction. 

of whom William Beckford was the mouth-piece in the Corporation and in parliament. 
After the accession of George III. the City went into violent opposition to Bute, the 
King's favourite, and took up the cause of Wilkes with great zeal and clamour. Many 
of the Aldermen, led by Thomas Harley, favoured the King's policy. Angry addresses and 
remonstrances were sent up by the Common Council to the King and the strained 
relations culminated in the violation of precedent and it may be added of common 
decency, by Beckford's impromptu reply to the King's reproof of the remonstrants. 
During the heats engendered by the Wilkes agitation and the opposition in London 
to the American policy of the government, the ordinary course of succession to the 
Mayoral Chair had been again interrupted. In 1769, in order to secure the rejection 
of Sir Henry Bankes, the next on the rota (who was a ' King's man '), Becktord; who 
was one of the senior Aldermen and had already served as Lord Mayor, was nominated 
with Trecothiok, the next Whig below Bankes, and they were returned. The Court of 
Aldermen, in which the King's party had a majority, chose Beokford by 16 to 6, 
expecting that he would refuse a second term of office and so necessitate a fresh election, 
in which hope, however, they were disappointed, as although he at first declined, he 
finally consented to accept the Mayoralty. On Beckford's death Trecothick was 
chosen to serve out the remainder of his term : in 1770 Brass Crosby, another of 
the ' popular ' Aldermen was elected, but in 1771 the King's party succeeded in returning 
W. Nash at the head of the poll. In the next four years Townsend, Bull, Wilkes and 
Sawbridge, all strong opposition candidates, were elected Mayors, after which the 
natural order of succession was resumed. Civic politics had been much complicated 
by the personal quarrels in the Whig ranks, some pt the leaders of that party, including 
Townsend, Sawbridge and Oliver,^!' with whom the demagogue parson. Home (afterwards 
Horne-Tooke), was associated, denouncing Wilkes' personal character, tlough still 
adhering to the cause he represented. Wilkes was supported by Bull and received also 
the more valuable adherence of Junius, who in the energy of his vituperative warfare was 
more than a match even for Home. 

The City, including both Aldermen and Common Council, took a strong part in 
support of Pitt against the Coalition of 1783, and continued to adhere to his 
administration through the Begency Bill dispute and at the beginning of the French war 
of 1793. Soon afterwards the majority of the Livery became very violently Whig, while 
the government retained and indeed strengthened its majority in the Court of Aldermen. 
At the end of the century the Whig strength in that Court consisted of Aldermen 
Pickett, Skinner, Combe, Nevnnan, Maoauley and Sir W. Staines : old-fashioned Whigs 
like Sir W. Lewes, N. Newnham, Sir W. Plomer and G. Hibbert dissociating themselves 
from the extreme Foxite party. The Radical orators of the Common Council, Matthew 
Wood, Samuel Goodbehere and Robert Waithman were transferred to the Court of 
Aldermen between 1807 and 1818, and many more moderate Liberals also were added to 
that body in the early years of the 19th century. The City was strongly on the side of 
Queen Caroline and afterwards energetically supported the Reform Bill. The majority 
of the Aldermen, however, were opposed to interfering with the ordinary course of the 
Mayoralty by re-electing Sir. John Key in 1831, as a reward for his Reforming zeal. He 
was returned three times with a. Whig colleague — Aldermen Thorp, Thompson and 
Kelly successively — and on the first two occasions the Court seated his rival, the votin" 
being 13 to 10 for Thorp, and 12 to 6 for Thompson, Key being finally chosen by 10 to 4 
in the last "division, 11 Aldermen not voting. Reformers as well as Tories were found 
voting against Key in the two first divisions : the four stalwarts who held out at the last 
were Aldermen Sir 0. Flower, Birch, Atkins and Winchester.''* 



Oliver, though a staunch opponent of the administration, declined to accept nomination as Wilkes' 
colleague lor the Shrievalty in 1771 and Bull was accordingly substituted for him. 

Three of the four named in the text voted against Key in both the first and second divisions Flower 
being absent from the second ; Aldermen Analey, Scholey, Garratt, Brown, Lucas Sir p' Laurie 
Parebrother and Copeland were also in the majority on both those occasions, of whom Ansley voted 
for Key and the rest abstained from voting at the flnal division. Key voted for himself and received 
the support of Thorp, Thompson, Kelly, Cowan and Wilson each time ; Sir C. Hunter Wood and 
Venables were absent from the second division, but voted for Key in the first and third' and Su- W 
Heygate and Waithman supported him in the flret division, but did not vote in 'the others" 
Alderman C. Smith only voted in the second division, when he supported Thompson and 
Sir B,. C. Glyn took no part in any one of the elections. ' 



Introduction. lix. 

if fcer the Reform Bill politics gradually ceased to influence' either the elections of 
Aldermen and Councilmen or their action as such after election. . For practically three 
quarters of a century the members of the Corporation of London — both the ' Upper ' and 
the ' Lower ' House — have been chosen quite irrespective of party considerations, and in 
that respect it has presented a striking contrast to the Corporations of all other large 
towns and most of the smaller ones throughout the country. It is universally recognised 
that it is ' bad form ' for a candidate or his supporters in a contest for an Aldermanry or a 
seat in the Common Council to refer or allude to his opinions on matters of Imperial policy . 
It is no doubt possible in the case of most of the Aldermen, as in the case of other public 
men, to infer from their action at parliamentary elections or in other matters outside the 
Guildhall and the Wardmotes what their political opinions are ; and in the case of those 
who take no prominent part in other than purely civic questions, the Clubs to which they 
belong may afford an indication, but only a person of singularly developed powers of 
intuitive perception could find any data on which to base a deduction as to the political 
views of individual Aldermen from a careful study of their speeches and votes on 
the questions which alone come before them in their capacity as members of the 
Corporation.'!^ 

In one respect the Corporation of London is more democratic than any other 
similar body. The whole Common Council is elected annually instead of being renewed 
only as to a third portion each year, as is the case in provincial borough councils, or in 
bulk triennially like the London County Council. 

The Aldermen retain their seats for life, unless they voluntarily resign or are 
removed for good and sufficient cause, of which there has been only one instance since 
the restoration of the Charter in 1688. That system has been in force now for more 
than five centuries, and it is difficult to see what practical objection can be made to it. 
As a rule those who find themselves becoming incapacitated by age, infirmity, or a 
growing indisposition to give due attention to their duties, tender their resignations of 
their own accord, and it would be easier to find instances of over-sensitiveness and 
excessive conscientiousness depriving the Court of honoured members who can ill be 
spared than of inconvenience to the public service caused by a contrary course of action. 
The days of Alderman Bridgen —who, by the way, was a ' popular ' Aldernaan ' agin the 
Government ' and a supporter of Wilkes — are over, and cannot be recalled in the 20th 
century. If that worthy who, after passing the Chair, retired into the country, and 
during fifteen years thereafter appeared at Guildhall only once or twice, except when he 
came up to give a party vote for a Whig Keoorder,''^ were to be restored to the Court of 
Aldermen now and evince a similar conception of his responsibilities and his duties, we 
may rest assured that public opinion would very soon prove too strong for him. 



In a history of a corporate body or any similar institution extending over many 
centuries, it is necessarily possible to find examples of unworthy members and of actions 
both moraUy reprehensible and practically disastrous. The British House of Commons, 
which we have been taught to regard as the fine flower of representative institutions, 
(a flower whose bloom seems to be fast fading), would not come out unscathed from a 
rigid examination on such points, and even the London County Council, in the heyday 
of its youthful Progressive exuberance, was not altogether free from the presence of 
'undesirables.' But the grand old Corporation of London, and especially the elder 
branch of it with which the present writer has dealt in this work, venerable in its 
antiquity, and not inglorious in its associations, may look back with no small measure 
of satisfaction on the record of its past history, a record in the main of public spirit 

315. The present writer, who has been for many years a diligent reader of the reports of proceedings in the 

Court of Aldermen, the Common Council and the Common Hall, was Indebted to the courtesy of the 
late Sir F. P. AlUston tor information as to the political views of several of his colleagues which were 
not apparent from such pubUc utterances or actions as had come under the writer's notice, and 
even in the case of two of these, that gentleman expressed himself as doubtful. 

316. See post, p. 199. 



Ix. Introduction, 

and public usefulness. It has emerged unharmed more than once or twice in safety 
and with renewed youth from storms which at one time threatened to overwhelm it. 
When similar storms lower menacingly again it can, with the recollection of the dangers 
it has hitherto surmounted, say to its members, ' passi graviora, dabit Deus his quoque 
finem,' to the bitterest of its enemies ' Contempsi Oatilinae gladios, non pertimesoam 
tuos,' and proud of the traditions of a thousand years, it may look forward to the future 
with hope and confidence of carrying on those traditions in centuries that are yet 
to come. 

' The torch that we took from our elders' grasp, we are passing along 
undimmed and clear ; 
Through constant succession of later hands, may it still gleam brightly 
from year to year I ' 



20th December, 1912. 



Ixi. 

Appendix I. 



Aldermen who removed from one Ward to another during their Mayoralties 
or between election and admission to the of&oe. 



133i. John de Pulteney, Coleman Street to Caudlewick. 

1390. William Venour, Tower to Castle Baynard. 

1393. William Staundon, Dowgate to Cheap. 

1397. Richard Whytingdon, Broad Street to Lime Street. 

1414. Thomas Fauconer, Coleman Street to Cheap. 

1420. William Cauntbrigge, Langbourn to Billingsgate. 

1434. John Brokle, Aldersgateto Oandlewiok. 

1435. Robert Otele, Tower to Cheap. 

1446. Simon Eyre, Walbrook to Broad Street. 

1451. Nicholas Wyfold, Castle Baynard to Tower, and Tower to Candlewick. 

1457. Geoffrey Boleyn, Castle Baynard to Bassishaw. 

1468. William Taillour, Queeuhithe to Cheap. 

1470. John Stockton, Cripplegate to Lime Street. 

1479. Richard Gardyner, Queenhithe to Walbrook. 

1485. John Warde, Dowgate to Bishopsgate. 

1487. Sir Henry Colet, Castle Baynard to Cornhill. 

1492. Hugh Clopton, Dowgate to Bread Street. 

1498. William Purchase, Dowgate to Cheap. 

1502. Bartholomew Rede, Aldersgate to Cheap. 

1505. Thomas Kneseworth, Bishopsgate to Cornhill. 

1532. Nicholas Lambarde, Billingsgate to Broad Street. 

1534. Sir Christopher Ascue, Tower to Cheap. 

1611. Sir William Roche, Langbourn to Bassishaw. 

1545. Sir William Laxtou, Langbourn to Lime Street. 

1556. Sir William Garrarde, Broad Street to Lime Street. 

1565. Richard Champyon (Lord Mayor elect). Castle Baynard to Tower. 

1571. Sir Rowland Heywarde, Cripplegate to Lime Street. 

1574. John Ryvers, Broad Street to Walbrook. 

1587. Sir George Barue, Langbourn to Bassishaw. 

1588. Martin Calthorpe, Aldersgate to Cheap. 
1590. Sir John Harte, Queenhithe to Cornhill. 
1594. Cuthbert Buckle, Bridge to Bassishaw. 

1594. John Spencer (Lord Mayor elect), Langbourn to Bassishaw. 

1596. Sir Stephen Slanye, Coleman Street to Broad Street. 

1604. Sir Thomas Bennett, Vintry to Lime Street. 

1610. Sir Thomas Cambell, Bridge Without to Bread Street. 

1614. Sir Thomas Myddelton, Queeuhithe to Coleman Street. 

1617. Sir John Leman, Langbourn to Cornhill, 

1619. Sir Sebastian Harvey, Billingsgate to Cheap. 

1623. Peter Proby, Queenhithe to Broad Street. 

1629. Richard Deans, Farringdon Within to Candlewick. 

1637. Edward Bromfield, Dowgate to Walbrook. 

1644. Sir John WoUaston, Dowgate to Aldersgate. 

1646. Thomas Adams, Billingsgate to Cornhill. 

1649. Thomas Andrewes, Tower to Aldgate. 

1660. Sir Thomas Alleyn, Cheap to Aldgate. 

1663. Sir John Robinson, Cripplegate to Tower. 

1671. Sir Richard Ford, Bread Street to Lime Street. 

1688. Sir William Priohard, Broad Street to Bridge Without. 

1687. Sir John Peake, Billingsgate to Bridge Without. 



Ixii. 



Appendix II. 



(A) Sheriffs V Chosen Aldermen during their Shrievalties or between election and 

(B) Sheriffs-elect J admission to the office. 



(A.) 



?)I278.i Walter I'Bngleys (Broad Street). 



(?)1282.i 

1292. 

1300. 

1304. 
(?)1306.i 

1307. 

1307. 

1307. 

1312. 

1315. 

1819. 

1321. 

1322. 

1324. 
(?) 1335.1 

1338. 

1347. 

1348. 

1348. 

1358. 

1362. 

1364. 

1372. 

1374. 

1376. 

1391. 

1403. 

1406. 

1420. 

1420. 

1426. 

1446. 

1449. 
1450. 
1451. 
1460. 
1465. 
1468. 
1476. 
1481. 
1485. 
1491. 

1498. 
1501. 
1505. 
1507. 
1508. 



William le Mazeliner (Aldersgate), 

Henry le Bole (Bishopsgate). 

John de Armentiers (Langbourn) ■ 

William de Combemartyn (Tower). 

William Cosyii (Queenhithe). 

Geoffrey de.Conduit (Bridge). 

Simon Bolet (Candlewick) . 

Nigel Drury (Billingsgate). 

John Lambyn (Bridge). 

Hamo de Godchep (Bread Street). 

John Poyntel (Bishopsgate). 

Reginald de Conduit (Oordwainer) . 

Kichard de Hakeueie (Billingsgate). 

John de Oxenford (Castle Baynard). 

Walter de Mordone (Candlewick). 

Walter Neel (Castle Baynard). 

John de Croydon (Bishopsgate). 

Richard de Basyngstoke (Cripplegate) . 

Simon Dolseley (Oornhill). 

Stephen Cavendisshe (Bread Street). 

John de St. Albans (Gornhill). 

Simon de Mordone (Tower). 

Adam Stable (Coleman Street). 

John Fyfhide (Bassishaw). 

Robert Launde (Lime Street). 

Thomas Vyneut (Bishopsgate). 

Richard Merlawo (Queenhithe). 
Henry Barton (Farringdon Without). 
John Botiler (Farringdon Within). 
John Welles (Langbourn) . 
John Brockle (Aldersgate). 
Geoffrey Feldynge (Farringdon 

Within). 
William Marowe (Broad Street). 
William Hulyn (Lime Street). 

William Dere (Dowgate). 
JohnLambarde (Farringdon Within). 
Sir Henry Waver (Castle Baynard) . 
Thomas Stalbrook (Bridge). 
Hugh Bryce (Bishopsgate). 
Richard Chawry (Candlewick). 
Ralph Astry (Aldgate) . 
Hugh Pemberton (Farringdon 

Without). 
Bartholomew Rede (Aldersgate). 
John Hawes (Queenhithe). 
Roger Grove (Bishopsgate). 
William Boteler (Cheap). 
Thomas Exmewe (Cripplegate). 



1510. 

1521. 
1528. 
1528. 
1534. 
1564. 
1565. 
1570. 
1571. 
1573. 

1580. 
1581. 
1588. 
1566. 

1586. 
1586. 
1587. 
1588. 
1591. 
1593. 
1613. 
1615. 
1617, 
1618. 
1619. 
1620. 
1620. 
1620. 
1620. 
1626. 
1631. 
1632. 
1634. 
1634. 
1635. 
1636. 
1637. 
1638. 
1638. 
1639. 
1639. 

1639. 
1640. 
1640. 
1640. 
1670. 



John Milbourue (Farringdon 

Without). 
John Skevynton (Farringdon Within). 
William Hollyes (Aldgate). 
John Long (Farringdon Without). 
Sir Thomas Kytson (Castle Baynard). 
Lionel Duckett (Aldersgate). 
James Hawes (Castle Baynard). 
William Boxe (Billingsgate). 
John Branohe (Cripplegate). 
Thomas PuUyson (Farringdon 

Without). 
John Harte , (Farringdon Without) . 
John Allott (Bridge Without). 
John Spencer (Bridge Without). 
Anthony Ratolyffe (Farringdon 

Without). 
Henry Prannell (Portsoken). 
William Elkyn (Cripplegate). 
Robert Howse (Bridge Without). 
John Catcher (Cripplegate). 
Benedict Barnham (Bread Street). 
Peter Houghton (Castle Baynard). 
Henry Jeye (Farringdon Without). 
John Gore (Aldersgate). 
Robert Johnson (Langbourn). 
Richard Heme (Aldersgate). 
Hugh Hammersley (Bishopsgate). 
Richard Deane (Bridge Without). 
James Cambell (Billingsgate). 
Edward Allen (Bread Street). 
Robert Ducye (Farringdon Without). 
Christopher Olitherow (Aldersgate). 
Anthony Abdy (Bridge Without). 
Samuel Cranmer (Cripplegate). 
Gilbert Harrison (Castle Baynard). 
Richard Gurney (Bishopsgate). 
John CordeU (Queenhithe). 
William Abell (Bread Street). 
Jacob Garrard (Bishopsgate). 
Thomas Atkyn (Farringdon Within). 
Edward Rudge (Castle Baynard). 
Isaac Peuington (Bridge Without). 
John WoUastou (Farringdon 

Without). 
Thomas Adams (Portsoken), 
John Warner (Queenhithe). 
John Towse (Cripplegate). 
Abraham Beynardson (Bishopsgate). 
Patience Ward (Farringdon Within). 



Appendix II. 



Ixiii. 



1676. Sir Thomas Gold (Dowgate). 

1676. Jolin Shorter (Oripplegate). 

1680. Sir Simon Lewis (Bassishaw). 

1680. Henry Cornish (Vintry). 

1682. Dudley North (Parringdon Within). 

1683. Peter Bioh (Aldersgate). 

1683. Samuel Dashwood (Cheap). 

1684. Sir William Gostlyn (Parringdon 

Without). 

1684. Sir Peter Vaudeput (Lime Street). 

1685. Sir Thomas Kinsey (Dowgate). 
1687. Sir Basil Firehraoe (Billingsgate). 
1687. Sir John Parsons (Castle Baynard). 
1700. Sir Charles Dunoombe (Bridge). 
1708. Sir Charles Peers (Tower). 

1711. Francis Eyles (Bridge Without). 

1713. Francis Forbes (Dowgate). 

1717. Sir Charles Cooke (Bassishaw). 

1724. Sir Richard Hopkins (Lime Street). 

1728. Sir Thomas Lombe (Bassishaw). 



1737. Sir William Sous (Vintry). 

1758. Alexander Master (Walbrook). 

1765. Brass Crosby (Bread Street). 

1767. Sir James Esdaile (Cripplegate). 

1772. Frederick Bull (Queenhithe). 

1774. John Hart (Bridge). 

179.5. John Earner (Langbourn). 

1799. William Champion (Billingsgate). 

1807. Christopher Smith (Cordwainer). 

1812. William Heygate (Coleman Street). 

1826. Charles Parebrother (Lime Street). 

1829. William T. Copeland (Bishopsgate). 

1885. David Salomons (Aldgate). 

1841. Thomas Farucomb (Bassishaw). 

1858. William F. Allen (Cheap). 

1859. Edward Gonder (Bassishaw). 
1871. Francis W. Trusoott (Dowgate). 
1883. Joseph Savory (Langbourn). 

1908. Charles C. Wakefield (Bread Street). 

1910. James Roll (Billingsgate). 



(B.) 



1372.2 JohnPhilipot (Cornhill). 

1372. Nicholas Brembre (Bread Street). 
(?)1433.i Thomas Chalton (Bishopsgate). 

1462. WilUam Hampton (Vintry). 

1565. John Ryvers (Parringdon Without). 

1566. Ambrose Nicholas (Portsoken). 
1532. John Hayden (Aldgate). 

1587. Thomas Skinner (Bishopsgate). 

1588. Hugh Offley (Vintry). 

1588. Richard Saltonstall (Aldgate). 

1590. Robert Broke (Queenhithe). 

1610. Francis Jones (Aldgate). 

1614. Martin Lumley (Vintry). 

1615. WiUiam Gore (Bridge). 

1616. Allen Cotton (Dowgate). 
1616. Cuthbert Hacket (Portsoken). 
1622. John Hodges (Cordwainer). 
1624. Robert Parkhurst (Portsoken). 
1634. John Highlord (Portsoken). 



1635. Thomas Soame (Parringdon 

Without). 

1641. George Clarke (Bridge). 

1647. Samuel Avery (Bassishaw). 

1648. Richard Browne (Langbourn). 
1651.^ Andrew Riooard (Vintry). 
1661. Samuel Starling (Vintry). 
1666. Joseph Sheldon (Bishopsgate). 
1672. William Prichard (Broad Street). 
1689. John Houblon (Cornhill). 

1693. Sir William Hedges (Portsoken). 

1705. Samuel Stanier (Aldgate). 

1711. William Stewart (Oripplegate). 

1762. Henry Bankes (Cordwainer). 

1769. John Sawbridge (Langbourn). 

1772. Watkin Lewes (Lime Street). 

1790. Richard Carr Glyn (Bishopsgate). 

1844. Thomas Sidney (Billingsgate). 



1. The exact days of the elections o( I'Engleys, le Mazeliner, Cosyn, Mordone and Chalton as Aldermen are 

not known. 

2. Philipot and Brembre were elected Aldermen on the same day immediately after being chosen Sheriffs. 
3 , Riccard was elected Shei'Iff and Alderman on the same day. 



Ixiv. 



Appendix III. 



Aldermen who have been Chamberlains of London. 



{a) KING'S CHAMBERLAINS. 



Gregory de Rokesle 
Adam de Eokesle 
William Trent . . 
Stephen de Abyndou . . 
(Benedict de Polesham 
(Richard de la Pole . . 

The first four held the offices of King's Butler, Chamberlain and Coroner. The two last-named are only 
noticed as King's Butler and Coroner, and I doubt if the title of King's Chamberlain was retained 
after Abyndon's time. 



1275-1278 


[Alderman 


C1265-1291] . 


1299-1301 




1293-1308] . 


1301-1307 




1309-1316] . 


1816-1325 




1812-1321] . 


1825-1326) 




1327-1338] . 


1327-1338) 




1330-1340] . 



(b) CHAMBERLAINS OF THE CITY. 



William de Betoyne . . 1288-1298 
JohndeDunstaplel .^j^^ __ 1298-1300 
Simon de Paris J 

Nicholas Pyoot . . . . 1300-1304 

Henry de Seocheford . . 1328-1886 

Stephen Speleman . . 1891-1404 

John Middleton .. .. 1449-1450 

Robert Colwyohe . . 1463-1474 

William Purchas . . 1484-1492 

Robert Bateman . . 1626-1643 

Gilbert Harrison . . 1648-1651 
Sir Peter Rich, 1684-1687, 1688-1689, 1691 

Sir Stephen T. Janssen . . 1765-1776 

Benjamin Hopkins . . 1776-1779 

John Wilkes .. .. 1779-1797 

Richard Clark . . . . 1798-1881 

Sir William Heygate . . 1843-1844 

Anthony Brown .. .. 1844-1853 

Sir John Key .. .. 1853-1858 
Sir W. J. Richmond Cotton 1892-1902 

Sir Joseph Dimsdale . . 1902-1912 



Alderman cl288-1305] . 
1293-1307] . 
1299-1319, 1320-1321] . 
1298-1312]. 
1319-1336]. 
1407-1416] . 
1456-1462] . 
1474-1480] . 
1492-1502] . 
1629] . 
1634-1641] . 
1683-1687, 1688-1692] . 
1748-1765]. 
1773-1776] . 
1769-1797] . 
1776-1798] . 
1812-1843] . 
1821-1844]. 
1823-1853] . 
1866-1892] . 
1891-1902] . 



Ixv. 



Bibliography. 



[This list is far from exhaustive of the authorities from which information has been derived.] 



MSS, Records of the Corporation of London preserved at Guildhall : 
a. Letter Books. 6. Journals. c. Repertories. d. Common Hall Books. c. Husting Rolls. 



E. R. Sharpe. Calendar of Letter Books, A to L, 10 vols., 1899-1912. 

„ London and the Kingdom, 3 vols., 1894-5. 

„ Calendar of Wills proved in the Court of Husting {1358-1688), 1889-90. 

G. Norton. Commentaries on the History, Constitution and Chartered Franchises of 

the City of London, 1829. 
W. de Gray Birch. Historical Charters and Constitutional Documents of the City of 

London (revised ed.), 1887. 
Manuscripts of the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's (Historical MSS. Commission 

Appendix to 9th Report), 1883. 
Report on the Royal Commission, 1893 : City of London. Statement on the Origin, 

Powers, Duties and Finance of the Corporation of London, 1893. 
Report of the Committee of Common Council on the Origin, Nature and Duties of 

the Office of Alderman and of the Court of Aldermen," 1834. 
Descriptive Catalogue of Ancient Deeds in the Public Record Office, 4 vols., 1890-1902. 
Sir John J. Baddeley. The Aldermen of Cripplegate Ward, 1900. 

„ The Ouildhall of the City of London, 1899. 

J. Noorthouck. New History of London, 1773. 
J. Stow. Survey of London, ed. J. Strype, 2 vols., 1720. 

„ „ ed. C. L. Kingsford, 2 vols., 1908. 

Dictionary of National Biography and Supplements, 69 vols., 1885-1912. 
W. J. Loftie. History of London, 2 vols., 1887. 

„ London ('Historic Towns' Series), 1906. 

H. T. Eiiey. Memorials of London and London Life in the 13th, 14th and 15th 

' centuries (1276-1419), 1868. 
J. H. Round. Geoffrey de Mandeville, 1892. 

The Commune of London and other Studies, 1899. 
G. E. Cokayne. Lord Mayors and Sheriffs of the City of London, 1601 to 1625, 1897. 
Bishop Stubbs. Constitutional History of England, 3 vols., 1875-8. 
Original Wills preserved at the Principal Probate Registry, Somerset House. 
MSS. preserved in the City Library, Guildhall (particularly the Stooken MSS.). 
Harleian, Lansdowne, Additional and other MSS. preserved at the British Museum 

(particularly Lansdowne MS. 558). 
Chronicles of the Reigns of Edward I. and II., ed. Stubbs (Rolls Series), 2 vols., 1882-3. 
Historical Collections of a Citizen of London in the 15th' century (Gregory's Chronicle) 

ed. J. Gairdner (Camden Soc. New Series, vol. 17), 1876. 



Ixvi. Bibliography. 

Three Fifteenth Century Chronicles, ed. J. Gairdner (Camden Soo. New Series, vol. 38), 

1880. 
0. Wriothesley. Chronicle of England during the reigns of the Tudors (1485-1559), 

ed. W. D. Hamilton, 2 vols. (Camden Soo. New Series, VjIs. U, 20), 1875-7. 
H. Maohyn. Diarij, 1550-1563, ed. J. Gough Nichols (Camiden Soc. Original Series, 

vol. 42), 184S. 
R. Smyth. Obitua/ry, ed. Sir H. Ellis (Camden Soo. Original Series, vol. 44), 1819. 
Chronicles of the Mayors and Sheriffs of London, 1188 to 1274 (fitz-Thedmar's Chronicle), 

and The French Chronicle of London, 1259 to 1343, trstus. H. T. Biley, 1863. 
Liber Albus, trans. H. T. Biley, 1861. 
Liber Custumarum, 2 vols., ed. H. T. Riley, 1859-62. 
G. Kearsley. Wards of the City of London, 1787. 
W. H. Overall and H. C. Overall. Analytical Index to the Reinembrancia, vols. 2 

and 8, 1870. 
C. Welch. Modern History of the City of London, 1896. 
B. B. Orridge. Some Account of the Citizens of London and their Bulers from 

1066 to 1867, 1867. 
Sir W. Besant. Early London, 1908. 

,, MedicBval London, 1906. 

,, London in the Time of the Tudors, 1904. 

,, London in the Time of the Stuarts, 1903. 

,, London in the 18th century, 1902. 

„ London in tJie 19th century, 1909. 

Sir G. L. Gomme. The Governance of London, 1907. 

„ The Making of London, 1912. 

W. Maitland. History of London, 2 vols., 1756. 
W. Herbert. History of the Twelve Great Livery Companies of London, 2 vols., 

1836-7. 
G. Unwin. Th£ Gilds and Companies of London, 1908. 
G. R. Stirling Taylor. An Historical Guide to London, 1911. 
H. B. Wheatley. The Story of London (Mediseval Towns Series), 1904. 
H. Douglas Irvine. History of London, 1912. 
J. G. White. History of Walbrook Ward, 1904. 

Sir J. Watney. Some account of the Hospital of St. Thomas of Aeon, 1892. 
W. W. Grantham. List of the Wardens of the Grocers' Company from 1345 to 1907. 
Inguisitiones post mortem relating to London, 3 vols. (British Record Soc, vols. 15, 26, 36). 
A Chronicle of London, 1089-1483, ed. Sir N. H. Nicolas and E. Tyrrel, 1827. 
Visitation of London, 1568 (Harleian Soc, vol. 1), 1869. 

„ „ 1633-5, 2 vols. (Harleian Soc, vols. 15, 17), 1880-3. 

J. Howell. Londinopolis, 1657. 
W. Bohun. PriviUgia Londini, 1723. 

B. Johnson. The Nine Worthies of London, 1592 (Harleian Miscellany, vol. 8). 
The Little London Directory of 1677, 1878. 
Proceedings in Scales' Case, 4 pts., 1832-1839. 
Proceedings in Salomons' Case, 2 pts., 1838, 1839. 
City Biography, 2nd ed., 1800. 

Sir W. S. Prideaux. Memorials of the Goldsmiths' Company, 2 vols., 1896. 
C. M. Clode. Memorials of the Guild of Merchant Taylors, 1875. 

„ Early History of the Guild of Merchant Taylors, 1888. 

J. Ewing Ritchie. Famius City Men, 1884. 



Bibliography. Ixvii. 

Concise View of the Origin, Constitution and Proceedings of the Irish Society, 1832. 
Memoranda relating to the Eoyal Hospitals of the City of Lonion, 1863, and 

Supplement, 1867. 
Transcript of Records of Orocers' Company, 1345-1463, ed. by J. A. Kingdon, 1883-4. 
The Citizens' Pocket Chronicle, 1827. 

E. 0. Dillon. The Lord Mayor's Visit to Oxford, 1826, 1827. 
S. Young. Annals of the Barber Surgeons of London, 1890. 
C. Holford. A Chat about the Broderers' Company. By an Old Boy and Past Master. 

1910. 
S. E. Atkins and W. H. Overall. Some account of the Worshipful Company of Clock- 
makers of the City of London, compiled principally from their own records. 

1881. 
A. W. Gould. History of tlie Fruiterers' Company, 1912. 
0. Welch. History of the Worshipful Company of Pewterers of the City of London, based 

upon their own recmds. 2 vols. 1902. 
W. D. Smythe. An historical account of the Worshipful Company of Girdlers, London, 

1905. 
W. H. Black. History and Antiquities of the Worshipful Company of Leathersellers of 

the City of London; with facsimiles of Charters and other niustrations, 1871. 
W. H. Pitman. The Worshipful Company of Painters, 1906. 
J. W. Sherwell. A descriptive and historical account of the Guild of Saddlers of the City 

of London, 1889. 
I have not included in the above the numerous Histories of England {e.g., Eapin, 
Echard, Gardiner, Hume, Macaulay, Lord Stanhope, Massey, Adolphus, Hallam, etc.), 
v?hich necessarily deal more or less fully vrith incidents in or series of events connected 
vfith the civic history of London. 



The Aldermen 



OF 



The City of London. 



Vol. II. 



CHRONOLOGICAL LIST OF ALDERMEN FROM 1401 TO THE 

PRESENT TIME. 

Continued from Vol. I. 



The succession in each Ward is given in Volume I. (pages 1-224) ; the following list 
gives the chronological succession of persons. Hence, wheu one or more translations 
from one Ward to another took place in consequence of a single death or resignation, the 
new Alderman is regarded as taking the seat of the one who had died or resigned, not 
of the one to whose Ward he succeeded. Thus, Sir T. Crosby, the present (June, 1910) 
Alderman of Langbourn, is regarded as the successor of Sir Stuart Knill, at whose 
death Sir T. Crosby's predecessor in Langbourn (Sir J. Savory) was translated to 
Bridge Without, the Ward which Sir Stuart had represented in the Court of 
Aldermen. 

When the full date is given it is that of election. Where the word " sworn " 
is appended in brackets, only the date of formal admission has been preserved ; the 
words "and sworn" indicate that election and admission were on the same day. 
In the majority of elections after the fifteenth century and in some earlier ones, two 
dates are given, the earlier being that of election, the later that of admission. 

The references to the original authorities for these dates (Repertories, Journals, 
Letter Books, Husting Rolls, etc.), are not repeated in the following pages : they will be 
found in the Ward Lists (Vol. I., pages 1-224). 

The names of Mayors and Lord Mayors are printed in small capitals : those of 
persons elected Aldermen but (certainly or presumably) not admitted and sworn are in 
italics. 

Those Aldermen (17 in all), before whose names " [Court] " is prefixed were 
originally chosen by the Court of Aldermen after the rejection of three successive 
nominations by the Wardmotes. There were also three instances of Aldermen being 
translated from one Ward to another under similar circumstances (see Vol. I., pages 
242, 249). 

With regard to the orthography of proper names, I would refer the reader to what 
I have said on pages xv., xvi. of the first volume, which will explain occasional, and 
indeed not infrequent, variations in the forms I have adopted in this list from those 
which have been used in the Ward Lists and other earlier portions of the present work. 

The dates are given throughout according to the modern computation, i.e. New 
Style : consequently for the periods from January 1 to March 25, annually, till 1751, 
the years are later by one than in authorities in which the Old Style is either deliberately 
used, or (as is frequently the case) ignorantly copied." 

Those Aldermen to whom the letter (D) is prefixed are noticed in the Dictionary of 
Natural Biography, and in many cases these articles contain inaccuracies and are far 
from complete. In the notices of the names to which (D*) is prefixed, errors in the 
text of the original edition of the D.N.B. have been corrected and omissioiis supplied by 
the present writer, which corrections and additions are printed in the new issue ; unless 
supplemented by reference to these, the original articles are either misleading or 
incomplete, and frequently both. 



"I am conscious that I use the terms 'Old Style' and 'New Style' in this con- 
nexion somewhat loosely. Strictly speaking, the difference is between the old Legal 
or Civil Year and the Historical Year, which began respectively on March 25th and 
January 1st, whereas the terms ' Old Style ' and ' New Style ' refer to the Julian and 
Gregorian Calendars. But as the computation of dates by the old Legal or Civil Year 
was abolished in England by a section jof the Act which substituted the Gregorian for 
the Julian Calendar (24 George III., o 23), it is practically correct, though techmoa,lly 
what an eminent politician might call ' a terminological inexactitude,' to refer dating 
by the Legal or Civil Year in this country to the Old Style reckoning of which it was a 
concomitant. 



Chronological List of Aldeemen. 



At the close of the lith century (as recorded in Yol, I., p 404), the Court of 
Aldermen was composed of the following, in order of seniority :— 

J. Hadle (ex-Mayor) B. de Exoestre J. Wodeook 

T. Welford (Prior of Holy Trinity) W. Reynwell 

J. Heende (ex-Mayor) D. Baebntsn ) W. Hyde 

J. Walcote B. Whyttngdone Wex-Mayors) J. Warner 

W. Staundon (ex-Mayor) T. Knolles J W. Venour 

J. Praunceys (Mayor) W. Parker T. PoUe 

J. Shadworth W. Bvote W. Waldbbne 

W. Brampton J. Wade J. Wakele 

W. ASKHAM G. Broke 

1401 . 1 William Framlyngham, Broad Street, . . S. 1401-2 .. vice Hyde 

Skimier 1401-4,(1407?) 

Auditor 1391, 1394, 1396; Master Skinners 1402. Died 1407 ! Will [H.R. 135 (481)] 
March 8; enrolled November 21, 1407. 

1402 . . t Thomas Fauconeb, Coleman Street, S. 1403-4, . . vice Evote 

Mercer 1402-14, M. 1414-5 

Cheap, 
1414-35 

M.P. London 1411, 1416, 1420, 1421, 1422, 1428; Master Mercers 1406, 1412, 1418, 1424. 

1402 .. E.OBBET Chichele, .. Aldgate, 1402-7, S. 1402-3, .. vice Wade 

Grocer Vintry, M. 1411-2, 

1407-26 1421-2 

MP. London 1414, 1415; Master Grocers 1413-4. Died <)1439; Will [H.R. 168(14)] 
December 17, 1438 ; enrolled February 15, 1440. 

1403 . . BiCHABD Merlawb, Queeenhithe, . . S. 1402-3, . . vice Welford 

^Ironmonger 1403-20 M. 1409-10, 

1417-8 

M.P. London 1399, 1411, 1414, 1416; Treasurer War 1404-5; Treasurer Calais 1407-9; 
Auditor 1897. Died c October, 1420; Will [P.C.O: 51 Marohe] September 18; 
proved November 20, 1420. 

1403, c June Henry Pountfreyt, .. Bishopsgate, .. S. 1407-8 .. vice Parker 
Saddler 1403-11 

1403, c Aug. f William Ceowmbeb, Billingsgate, .. S. 1405-6, .. viceBeyuwell 

Drax>er 1403-20, M. 1413-4, 

Candlewick, 1423-4 

1420-84 

M.P. London 1407, 1417, 1421; Auditor 1399-1400, 1409-11; Died January, 1434; 
Will (cod.) [P.C.C. 22 Luffenam] January 14 ; proved January 19, 1434. 

c 1403 . . t Nicholas Wotton, sWalbrook, . . S. 1406-7, . . vice Heende 
Draper 1403-4, M. 1415-6, 

Broad Street, 1430-1 

1404-6, 
Dowgate, 
1406-46 

M.P. London 1406, 1414, 1419, 1421, 1426, 1429 (? Marlborough 1422). Died 
September 15, 1446. 

f Aldermen marked thus are named (with their Companies), in what is in effect, though not professedly, 
a complete list of those acting on March 1, 1433 (Letter Book K, fo. 127). To these should be added 
T. Knolles (Vol. I., p. 402). 

1. Eramlyugham may possibly have been Alderman of Broad Street again for a few 
months in 14(D7 (see Vol. I., p. 79). If so, he fiUed the place of Brampton, and was 
followed by Halton. 

2. See Vol. I., p. 234, for a note on Merlawe's Company. 



Chronological List of Aldeemen. 



C1404 



William Badewelle, 
Stockfishmonger 



Castle Baynard, 
1404-6 



vice Wakele 



Died c November, 1410 ; Will [P.C.C. 23 Marohe] November 1, 1410; proved January 
7,1411. 



1404 c Nov. John Hbendb (see 1379) ^-Walbrook, 

1404-9 



1406, c Jau. t Henry Bartojt, 
Skinner 



Farringdon 
Without, 
1406-12, 
Cornhill, 
1412-35 



vice Fram- 

lyngham 

S. 1405 6, ,. vice Fraunoeys 
M. 1416-7, 
1428-9 



M.P. London 1419. Died 1435 ; Will [P.C.C. 18 La«eenam] July 31, 1434; proved June 
18, 1435. 



1406 



1406 



William Louthe, 
Goldsmith 



Castle Baynard, S. 1404-5 
1406-13, 
Farrringdou 
Within, 
1413-C1419 



William Norton, Draper Candlewick, 
1406-20 



S. 1408-9 
M.P. ( ? Middlesex 1392) London 1402 ; Auditor 1398, 1413. 



1407, c Feb. Stephen Speleman, 
Mercer 



Tower, 1407-14, S. 1404-5 
Aldersgate, 
1414-6 



vice Radewelle 



vice Walcote 



vice Hadle 



City Chamberlain 139 1 -1404 ; Auditor 1411-3, 1414-5 ; Master Mercers, 1407, 1414. 
Died 1419 ; Will [H.E. 147 (45)] August 14; enrolled Ootober 23, 1419. 



3. I have stated (Vol. I., pp. 217, 395), that Heende was Alderman of Walbrook 
Ward, without intermission, from 1394 to 1409, and as Dr. Sharps has noted in his 
Calendar of Letter Book I. (p. 36), there is no direct record of his having ceased to 
represent that Ward. But the entry in that Letter Book (fo. 36), which Dr. Sharpe 
transcribes, wherein his election to his second Mayoralty is recorded (October 13, 1404), 
describes him as Co'arius, i.e. Commoner, which, if correct, shows a very remarkable 
departure from custom which was never again repeated. His name, however, is found 
repeatedly amongst those of Aldermen present at Courts up to October 13, 1402 (fo. 19 6), 
and again, after his Mayoralty, from June 18, 1406, till December 17, 1407. Moreover, he 
appears on the Husting Eolls definitely as Alderman of Walbrook Ward as late as 
November 26, 1401 [130 (53)] and again on June 21, 1405, during his Mayoralty [133 (92)] 
and on May 22, 1409 [136 (81)] . It is clear, therefore, either that there is an error in the 
entry in Lettet Book I., describing him as a Commoner, in October, 1404, or that he must 
have ceased to hold office as Alderman about 1403, and resumed it early in his Mayoralty 
(1401-5). 

I should have adopted the former alternative as more probable, were it not that 
the facts and dates quoted above suggest a solution of another difficulty to which 
reference is made in Vol. I. (pp. 79, 230), with regard to the first election of Nicholas 
Wotton. As I have there noted, Wotton is recorded to have been present as Alderman on 
October 13, 1404, simultaneously with William Framlyngham, his predecessor in Broad 
Street Ward, the first Ward with which his name is definitely associated as Alderman in 
the records, and for which he was acting on December 1, 1404 [Husting EoU 183 (24)] . 
I had not, when Vol. I. was written, noted that there is a still earlier record of Wotton as 
an Alderman, under date March 24, 1404 (Letter Book I., fo. 27). If we assume that 
Wotton succeeded Heende in Walbrook Ward in 1403 or early in 1404, and was 
transferred to Broad Street in October or November, 1404, whereupon Heende (then 
Mayor) resumed his old position as Alderman of Walbrook, the difficulties vanish with 
regard to both of them, and that assumption, though purely inferential and unconfirmed 
by any direct record of the facts suggested, seems to possess the highest degree of 
probability short of absolute certainty, and I have therefore adopted it above. 

[Wotton is found acting as Alderman of Broad Street on January 21 and May 31, 
1405 [Husting Roll 133 (54) (71)] as well as at the dates given in Vol. I. (pp 79, 230)] 



Cheonological List of Aldermen. 



1407, Feb. ^Henry Halton, Qrocer 



1407 



Broad Street, S. 1407-8 . . vice Brampton 
1407-8, 
Langbourn, 
1408-15 
M.P. London UIO; 1st Warden Grocers 1401-2, Died October, 1415; Will [P.C.C. 
SO Marohe] October 12 ; proved October 18, 1416. 

William Chiohele, Grocfij- Aldgate, 1407-20 S. 1409-10 .. vice Venour 
M P. London 1397 ; Warden London Bridge 1401-4 ; Auditor 1411-3 ; 1st Warden 
Grocers 1406-6. Will [H.R. 155 (78)] July 20, 1425; enrolled July 14, 1427. 



1407, Sept. 4 5 William Harradou . . Portsoken, 
(Prior of Holy Trinity) 1407-20 
Died September 1, 1420, 



1408, c June John Penne, Skinner 



S. 1410-1 



Broad Street, 
1408-9, 
Walbrook, 
1409-22 
Win [H.R. 162 (69)] December 1, 1426; enrolled Jnly 5, 1434. 



1409 



cl409 



Walter Oottone, Mercer Cripplegate, 

1409-(?) 1415 
[? Castle Bay- 
nard 1415-6]" 
Auditor 1409-11 ; Master Mercers 1415. 



Thomas Pyke, Draper , 



Broad Street, 
1409-20 



S. 1411-2 



S. 1410-1 



vice Excestre 



vice Broke 



vice Wodecok 



vice Heende 



Auditor 1413. 



1410 



1411 



1412 



1413 



1415, 



. . vice Staundon 
Will [H.R. 165 (76)] 



vice Pountf reyt 



Died 



Jan. 3 
(18) 



John Lane, Mereer . . Cheap, 1410-4 S. 1409-10 
Auditor 1398 ; Master Mercers 1418, 1420. Died c July, 1427 
June 22 ; enrolled July 28, 1427. 

(d) " William Sbvenoke, Bishopsgate, . . S. 1412-3, 
Grocer 1411-4, M. 1418-9 

Tower,1414-26 
M.P. London 1417 ; Warden London Bridge 1404 6 ; Auditor 1399, 1409-11, 1414. 
July, 1432; Will [P.C.C. 16 Luffenam] July 4 ; proved July 10, 1432. 

Ralph Lobenham, Draper Parringdou .. S. 1412-3 .. vice Warner 
Without, 
1412-4 
f John MiCHELL, .. Castle Baynard, S. 1414-5, .. vice PoUe 

iStockfishmmger 1413-5, M. 1424-5, 

Bridge,1415-44 1436-7 
M.P. London 1411, 1420, 1422, 1426, 1427,1435 ; Auditor 1418. Will [P.O.C. 29 Luffenam] 
January 4 ; proved February 26, 1445. 

t John Gedhey, Draper.. Parringdon .. S. 1417-8, .. viceLobenham 
Without, M. 1427-8, 

1415-6, Cole- 1447-8 

man Street, 
1416-35, 
Cornhill, 
1435-49 
M.P. London 1414, 1432 ; Auditor 1419-20 ; Master Drapers 1440-1, 1447-8. Died 1449. 

4. See Note 1, p. 2. 

5. This name appears also in the forms Harewdon, Haryndone. 

5*. He is named as Alderman of Cripplegate under date Sept. 11, 1416 [H.B. 144 
(36)] although his successor Aleyn had been acting as such as early as Dec. 23, 1415 
[H.R. 143 (53)] . 

6. The knighthood and the title Lord Mayor attributed to Sevenok in the D.N.B. are 
mythical. His original Ward is not given. The suggested date of his death is wrong ; so 
also is that of his election for Tower, although the reference in the Letter Book is correctly 
quoted, and that of his commission ' to inquire into cases of treason and felony within 
the city ' is misleading, being given in old style. 

7. Por Miohell's company see Article (by the present writer) in Notes and Queries, 
10th Series, xii., 361 (Nov. 6, 1909). 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 



1415, cPeb. 



1415 



^ Nicholas Aghton, .. Bridge, 1415 .. .. .. vice Askham 

Stockflshmonger 
Will [H.E. 146 (2)] June 4, 1415 ; envoUed March 22, 1417. 

S. 1415-6 .. vice Shadworth 



1415 



1415 



1416 



1416 



Alan Everard, Mercer . . 

M.P. London 1404, 1414 
dated July 8, 1426. 

s Thomas Aleyn, Mercer 



8 'Bread Street, 

1415-8 
; Auditor 1399-1403, 

Cripplegate, . . 
1415-22 



S. 1414.5 



Master Mercers 1416, 1422 ; (? M.P. East Grinstead 1393, 1413) 
July 8, 1437 ; enrolled April 16, 1448. 



William Cauntbriggb, 
Grocer 



1411-3. Will [P.C.O. 8 Luffenam] 
. . vice Aghton 
Will [H.R. 176 (18)] 
. . vice Haltou 



Langbourn, . . S. 141,5-6, 
1415-20, M. 1420-1 

Billingsgate, 
1420-32 
Master Grocers 1427-8. Died 1432 ; Will [P.C.C. 16 Luffenam] December 27, 1431 
proved August 29, 1432. 



f Ralph Barton, Skinner 



t John Reynwell, 
Fishmonger 



S. 1418-9 



vice Lanei" 



vice Speleman 



Farringdon 
Without, 
1416-36 

Aldersgate, 
1416-26, 
Bread Street, 
1426-32, 
Billingsgate, 
1432-45 
M.P. London 1410, 1416, 1433, 1445; Auditor 1409-11, 1414, 1417, 1419. Died 1446; 



S. 1411-2, 
M. 1426-7 



adm. November 9, 1446 [Lambeth Wills 164 Stafford] . 
1416, Dec. 18 fJoHN Pebnbys (or Castle Baynard, S^ 1418-9, 



vice Cotton 



Peevkys), Fishmonger 



1416-23, 
Lime Street, 
1423-34 
Auditor 1417-8. Died 1434. 



M. 1432-3 



14 17, Dec. 22 
(sworn) 



fRobert Whytingham, 
Draper 



M.P. London 1416 ; 

Bishopsgate, . . S. 1419-20 . . vice Barentyn 
1417-22, (?) 11 

Walbrook, 
1422-38 
Sheriff Herts and Essex 1433-4, 1438-9 ; M.P. London 1416, Herts 1432 ; Auditor 1418-9, 
1424-6 ; Knighted. Will [Lambeth 269 Kempe] dated November 2, 1462. 

1418 c Mar. Robert Widyngton, .. Bread Street, S. 1416-7 .. vice Everard 
Qrocer 1418-26 

Auditor 1418-9 ; 1st Warden Grocers 1398-9. Died c 1438; Will [P.C.C. 24 Luffenam] 
August 1, 1437 ; proved October 21, 1438. 

8. The name is erroneously given as Ashton in Vol. I., pp. 56, 97, 228}. 

8.* Walderne, Bverard's predecessor, who removed to Bassishaw in 1415, is found 
acting as Alderman of Bread Street on October 23, 1417 [Hust. Roll 145 (46)J . 

9. See Notes A, Vol. I., p. 97, C ib., p. 135 ; also Note 5* above, 

10. It is difficult to trace with certainty the succession during the period 1415-17. 
In Vol.' I. will be found under each Ward the earliest and latest dates at which each 
Aldernian whose election or vacation by death or resignation is not definitely recorded, is 
named in connexion with that particular Ward. In the present case Lane's successor in 
Cheap appears to have been Pauconer, who was followed in Coleman Street (though, 
apparently, after a considerable interval) by Gedney, the place of the last named in 
B^rringdon Without being taken by B. Barton. It is possible, however, that Cauntbngge, 
who is described as Alderman as early as September 21, 1415 (on which day Halton, his 
predecessor in Langbourn Ward, is recorded to have been present [Letter Book I., 
fo 1586]) was originally elected for Coleman Street about the end of 1414. In that case 
he took the place of Lane in the Court of Aldermen, and R. Barton was the successor of 
Halton. 

11 There is no trace of any Alderman of Bishopsgate between the death of Barentyn 
in December 1415 and the election of Whytingham two years later. Probably some one 
whose name is now irrecoverably lost served for that Ward in the interim. 



Chronological List of AiDEEMEN. 



cUld 



1420 



1420, June 1 
(and sworn) 



1420, July 4 
(sworn) 



1420, Oct. 18 
1420, cNov. 

1420, Deo. . . 



1422 



1422 



. . vice 

W. Ohiohele 



John Standelf, Goldsmith Farringdon vice Louthe 

Within, 
c 1419-20 

John Ooventbb, Mercer Aldgate, 1420-9 S. 1416-7, 

M. 1425-6 

Auditor 1413, 1420, 1423-5 ; Master Mercers 1417, 1423. Died c April, 1429 ; Will 
[Lambeth— 409 Ohiohele, pt. i.] December 12, 1427 ; proved April 28, 1429. 

John Botiler, or Boteler, Farringdon . . S. 1419-20 . . vice Standelf 
Mercer^ Within, 

1420-2, 
Cripplegate, 
1422-3 
M.P. London 1417 ; Auditor 1418-9, 1421-3 ; Master Mercers 1421. Died 1423. 



S. 1422-3 . . vice Pyke 
Will [P.C.C. 11, Luftenam] dated 



1422, c Oct. 



Robert Tatersale, Draper Broad Street, 
1420-9 
Auditor 1414-5, 1420-1, 1426-8. Died 1429; 
September 8, 1429. 

f William Clerk . . . . Portsoken, . . . . . . . . vice Harradon 

(Prior of Holy Trinity) 1420-39 

fNioholas Jamys, Iron- Queenhithe, . . S. 1423-4 . . vice Merlawe 
monger 1420-38 

M.P. London 1116, 1419, 1431 ; Auditor 1417-8 ; Warden London Bridge, 1418-20. 
Died 1433; Will [P.C.C. 18 LuJtenam] April 24 ; proved November 4, 1433. 

t John Welles, Orocer Langboum, . . S. 1420-1, . . vice Norton 
1420-36, M. 1431-2 

Cheap, 
1436-42 
M.P. Southwark 1414,1419,1431; London 1417, 1423, 1425, 1426, 1427,1433; Auditor 
1421-4, 1425-7 ; Master Grocers 1426-7, 1429-31, 1434-6, 1441-2. Died 1442 ; Will 
[H.E. 171 (2)] June 7 ; enrolled October 8, 1442. 

John Blakden, Goldsmith Farringdon . . . . . . . . vice Aleyn 

Within, 1422 
Died c October, 1422 ; Will [H.R. 151 (32)] October 8, 1422; enrolled January 18, 1423. 

f Simon Soman, Vintner Bishopsgate, . . S. 1424-5 . . vice Penne 
1422-33 
Died August, 1433. 

John atte Water (or Farringdon . . S. 1424-5 . . vice Blackden 

Bithewater), Goldsmith Within, 
1422-8 



1423, Apr. 21 
(sworn) 



1423, Oct. 5 
(sworn) 



Bichard Gosselyn, Iron- Castle Baynard, S. 1421-2 
monger 1423-9 



vice 

Whytyngdone 

M.P. London 1421. Died c 1429 ; Will [H.R. 161(57)] April 24, 3428; enrolled June 
22, 1433. 



fWlLLIAM BSTFEDD, 

Mercer 



Cripplegate, .. S. 1422-3, 

1423-46 M. 1429-30, vice Botiler 

1437-8 

i2*Knighted May 15, 1439 ; M.P. London 1431, 1439, 1442 ; Auditor 1427-9 ; 
Master Mercers 1425, 1429, 1434, 1441. Died 1448 ; Will [Lambeth— 139a StatEord] 
March 16 ; proved June 21, 1448. 



12. He must not be confounded with John Boteler, Draper, who succeeded 
him as Sherifi (for the year 1420-1), but was never Alderman, and di^d in 1436. 

12.* For Estfeld's knighthood, see Vol. 1., pp. 256, 420. Dr. W. A. Shaw, the 
learned compiler of The Knights of England, is in entire agreement with me in 
regarding the statement that he was a Knight of the Bath as altogether erroneous. In 
the 15th and 16th centuries Knights of the Bath were only created on special occasions 
and in batches ; there was no such creation between the years 1429 and 1449, and 
Estfeld was certainly not a knight before the date given in the text above. 



Cheonological List of Aldermen. 



142i, July.. fHBNBY Fbowyk, .. Bassishaw, .. S. 1427-8, .. vice Walderne 
M&rcer U24-57 M. 1435-6, 

1444-5 
M.P. London 1422, 1423, 1437, 1447, 1460; Auaitor 1421-4, 1429-31; Master Mercers 
1426, 1480, 1435, 1442, 1449. Died c 1469 ; Will [P.C.G. 20 Stokton] April 8, 1469 ; 
proved March 8, 1460. 

1426, May 10 fThomas Wandesford, Vintry, 1426-46 S. 1423-4 ..vice 

Mercer B. Ohichele 

Master Mercers 1437, 1446. Died October 13, 1448. 

1426, June f John Bkokle, Draper Aldersgate, . . S. 1425-6, . . vice 

12 (and 1426-34, M. 1433-4 Widyngton 

sworn) Candlewick, 

1434-8, 
Walbrook, 
1438-44 
M.P. London 1421 ; Auditor 1421-4, 1428-30 ; Master Drapers 1441-2. 

1426,Jun622 fRoBEBT Otble, Ooccj- Tower, 1426-35, S. 1427-8, . . vice Sevenoke 
(July 6) Cheap, 1435-6 M. 1434-5 

Auditor 1480-2, 1436-8; 1st Warden Grocers 1422 4; Master Grocers 1428-9, 1483-4. 
Died 1436; Will [Lambeth— 460 Chiohele pt. i.] September 12, 1436; proved 
March 2, 1437. 

1428, Pet. . . tJoHN Paddeslb, . . Parringdon S. 1432-3, . . vice Water 

Goldsmith Witliin, M. 1440-1 

1428-37, 
Langbourn, 
1437-51 
Master Mint c 1434 ; Auditor 1434. 

1429 Feb 25 Thomas Walsingham .. Castle Baynard , vice Gosselyn 

1429 
Died 1458; Will [P.C.G. 8 Stockton] (cod.) September 16; proved November 11, 1468. 

1429, April 4 Ealph Skynnard . . Castle Baynard, vice Walsing- 

(orll)(and 1429 ham 

sworn) 

Auditor 1427-9. 

1429, May 4 fSTEPHEN Bboun, . . Aldgate, . . S. 1431-2, . . vice Coventre 

(sworn) Orocer 1429-45, M. 1438-9, 

^ Billingsgate, 1448-9 

144.')-60 
M P London 1449, 1453 ; 1st Warden Grocers 1425-6 ; Master Grocers 1482-3, 1437-9, 
1442-8,1448-50,1456-7. Will [H.R. 195 (48)] April 28, 1462 ; enrolled February 3, 1466. 

1429 July 29 +E.obebt Laeqb, Mercer Castle Baynard, S. 1430-1, .. vice Skynnard 
(sworn) 1429-41 M. 1439-40 

M P London 1435 ; Auditor 1428-9, 1431-8 ; Master Mercers 1431, 1436. Died April 24, 
1441; Will [P.C.C. 16, 19 Ecus] April 11; proved May 6, 1441. 

c 1429 fWilliam Melreth, . . Broad Street, . . S. 1425-6 . . vice Tatersale 

Mercer 1429-46 

MP London 1427, 1429, 1432 ; Auditor 1420-1, 1421-5; Master Mercers 1427,1432,1489, 
1444. Died c January, 1446 ; Will [H.B. 174 (81)] January 13; enrolled February 
7, 1446. 

1432 . . tWilUam Russe, . . Bread Street, . . S. 1429-30 . . vice 

GoUsmith 1432-c 1435 Cauntbrigge 

Master Mint c 1482. Will [H.E. 166 (21)] June 5, 1438; enrolled December 2, 1437. 

1433 .. Thomas Bernewell, .. Queenhithe, .. S. 1434-5 .. vice Jamys 

Fishmonger 1433-7 

M.P. London 1425 ; Auditor 1431, 1486. 

1433, c Sept. THOMAS Chalton, .. Bishopsgate, S. 1433-4 ..viceSeman 

Mercer 1433-52 M. 1449-50 

Auditor 1484, 1441-2; Master Mercers 1440, 1445. Will [Lambeth-270 !> Kempe] 
December 17, 1451 proved M roh 16, 1462. 



Cheonological List of Aldermen. 



U34 



1434 



1435 



1435 



1435 



cl435 



C1436 



John Hatherlb (or . . isAldersgate, . . S. 1431-2, . . vice Crowmere 
Atheelb), Ironmonger 1434-7, M. 1442-8 

Queenhithe, 
1437-60 
M.P. London 1433. Will [H.E. 195 (44)] April 12, 1459 ; enrolled February 3, 1466. 

ROBEBT Clopton, . . Lime Street, . . S. 1435-6, . . vice Perneys 
Draper 1434-48 M. 1441-2 

M.P. London 1439 ; Auditor 1437-9. Died 1448 ; Will [Lambeth— 164 Stafford] January 
14; proved March 20, 1448. 

Thomas Cattewobth, Tower, 1435- . . S. 1435-6, . . vice Pauconer 
Grocer c 1451 M. 1443-4 

M.P. London 1483, 1437,1445,1449; Master Grocers 1486-7,1444-6. Died 1454; Will 
[Lambeth 318 6 Kempe] February 1 ; proved March 12, 1154. 

John Olnet, Ifercej- .. Coleman Street, S. 1432-3,. .. vice H.Barton 
1485-58 M. 1446-7 

Auditor 1425-7, 1429-31, 1434-5, 1448-5 ; Master Mereers 1443, 1455. 

(d)13*William Gregoey, Cordwainer, . . S. 1436-7, . . vice KnoUes 
Skinner 1435-61 M. 1451-2 

Auditor 1429-31. Died January, 1467; Will [P.C.C. 15 Godyn] cod. January 2; proved 
January 23, 1467. 

Ralph Holland, Tailor Bread Street, . . S. 1429-80 . . vice Russe 
c 1485-1444 
Auditor 1434-5; Master Tailors 1419-20. Died 1452; Will [P.C.C. 11 Rous] May 3; 
proved June 22, 1452. 



John Sutton, Goldsmith Farringdon . . S. 1440-1 
Without, 
1436-7, 
Aldersgate, 
1487-50 
Auditor 1434-5. Died (killed in Cade's insurrection) July 6, 1450. 



1437, Jan. 17 Nicholas Yoo, Draper 



Farringdon . 
Within, 
1437-8, 
Candlewick, 
1438-44 
P. Loudon 1437 ; Auditor 1439-41. 



S. 1138-9 



S. 1441-2 



vice R. Barton 



vice Otele 



vice Bernewell 



1437, Dec. 6 William Combes, .. Farringdon 

(10) Stockfish-monger Without, 

1437-51, 
Castle 
Baynard, 
1451-2 
M.P. London 1447; Auditor 1438-42. Died c June, 1452; Will [P.C.C. 17 Rous] 
cod. June 2 ; proved July 21, 1452. 



1438, Aug. 29 



William Whetenhall, 
Grocer 



Farringdon . . S. 1440-1 
Within, 
1438-46, 
Walbrook, 
1446-51 
Warden London Bridge 1434-8 ; Master Grocers 1439-41, 1446-8. 
Will [P.C.C. 16 Stokton] March 22 ; proved April 11, 1457. 



vice 
Whytingham 



Died e March, 1457 ; 



1439, June 10 John Sevenok .. .. Portsoken vice Clerk 

(Prior of Holy Trinity) 1489-45 



13. See Vol. I., p. 8, Note B. 

13.* The attribution of the title "Lord Mayor" to Gregory in D.N.B. is an 
anachronism. The article gives neither the name of his Ward nor the date of his election 
as Alderman nor that o£ his Shrievalty. 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 



1441 Oct. 11 John NoBMAN, Draper.. Castle Baynard, S. 1443-4, .. vice Large 
(and sworn) 1441-2, M. 1453-4 ^ 

Cheap, 
1442-68 

^•^w^S°ro?-nf^'n'L' Anditor 1438-43,1447-9; Master Drapers 1462-3. Died 1468; 
Will [P.0.0. 25 Godyn] May 13 ; proved October i, 1468. 

1442, July 20 Nicholas Wyfold, .. Castle Baynard, S. 1443-4, .. vice Welles 

Grocer 1442-51, M. 1450-1 

Tower, 

1451, 

Cornhill, 

1451-6 

Auditor 1442-4 ; Master Grocers 1443-4, 1461-2. Died 1456; Will [P.C.C. 8 Stokton] 
dated June 22, 1456. 

1444, July 27 Robert Home, .. .. Bridge, .. S. 1446 7 . . vice Michell 

(28) Fishmonger^* 1444-c 1456 

Auditor 1437-9, 1444-6 (? M.P. Kent, 1460). 

1444, July 31 Stephen Fobstbb, .. Bread Street, . . S. 1444-5, .. vice Holland 
(Aug. 4) Fishmonger 1444-58 M. 1454-5 

M.P.London 1435; Auditor 1489-43, 1446-7. Died December, 1458; Will [P C C 15 
Stokton] December 4; proved December 27, 1458. 

1144, Oct. 19 Simon Eybe, Draper . . Walbrook, . . S. 1434-5 vice Brokle 

(20) - 1444-6, M. 1445-6 

Broad Street, 

1446-9, 

Cornhill, 

1449-51, 

Langbourn, 

1451-8 

Auditor 1437-9. Died September 18, 1458; Will [P.C.C. 13 Stokton] cod. April 16- 
proved November 11, 1468. 

1444, Nov. 23 John Derby, Draper .. Candlewick, .. S. 1445-6 ..viceYoo 
(26) 1444-54 

Auditor 1443-5, 1449-51 ; Master Tailors 1461-2. Will [H.E. 210 (12)1 February 17 1479 • 
enrolled October 9, 1480. ' ' 

1445, April Thomas Pomeroy . . Portsoken vice Sevenok 

(Prior of Holy Trinity) 1445-81 
Died August, 1481. 

1445, Oct. 19 Thomas Oanynges, .. Aldgate, .. S. 1449-50, . . vice Reyuwell 

(22) Grocer 1445-61 M. 1456-7 

M.P. London 1459 ; Auditor 1446-8 ; Master Grocers 1448, 1454-5, 1460-1. 

1446, Apr. 26 Geoppeby Feldyngb, . . Farringdon . . S. 1445-6, . . vice Melreth 

(29) Mercer Within, M. 1452-8 

1446-60 
M.P. London 1439, 1455 ; Auditor 1439-43, 1446-6, 1448-50 ; Master Mercers 1448, 1463. 

1446, Apr. 29 Thomas Scott, Draper Dowgate, . . S. 1447-8, . . vice Wotton 

(May 2) 1446-51, M. 1458-9 

Walbrook, 

1451-63 

Auditor 1452-4. Died c November, 1470. Will [P.C.C. 32 Godyn] October 30 • proved 
December 14, 1470. 

1446, May 27 William Cantelowe, .. Oripplegate, .. S. 1448-9 . . vice Estfeld 

(30) Mercer 1446-61 

K.B. 1461; M.P. London 1463, 1455; Auditor 1450-2; Master Mercers 1450, 1466, 
1462. Will [P.C.C. 4 Godyn] February 21, 1463; proved May 11, 1464. 

1446, Aug. 17 William Abraham, .. Vintry, .. S. 1447-8 .. vice 

(26) Vintner 1446-56 Wandesford 

14. Erroneously described as Brewer in Vol. I., pp. 66, 330. 



10 Chronological List of Aldermen. 

1448, Apr. 1 Philip Malpas, Dj-opar.. Lime Street, . . S. 1439-40 .. vice Clopton 
(and sworn) 1448-50 

M.P. London 1132, 1442 ; Auditor 1431-3. Died 1469 ; Will [P.C.C. 27 Godyn] April 26 ; 
proved May 8, 1469. 

1449, Apr. 28 William Mabowe, .. Broad Street, . . S. 1448-9, .. vice Gedney 

Grocer 1449-51, M. 1455-6 

Tower, 
1451-64 
M.P. London 1447, I45D, 1460, 1463; Auditor 1444-6, 1451-3; Master Grocers 1450-1, 
1457-8, 1463-4. Will [P.C.C. 9, II Godyn] October 8, 1464 ; proved May 15, 1465. 

1450, July 10 William Hdlyn, .. Lime Street, . . S. 1449-50, .. vice Malpas 
(on or be- Fishmonger 1450-70 M. 1459-60 

fore 15) 

Auditor 1454-6. 

1450, July 10 Matthew Philip, .. Aldersgate, .. S. 1451-2, .. vice Sutton 
(on or be- Ooldsmith 1450-76 M. 1463-4 

fore 15J 

Knighted May 21, 14711= ; Auditor 1455-7 ; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1442. Died 
c October, 1476; Will [P.C.C. 27 Wateys] October 24, 1475; proved October 30, 
1476. 

1451, Feb. 16 Christopher Warter, .. Farringdon .. S. 1451-2 .. vice Catteworth 
(18) Skinner Without, 

1451, 

Broad Street, 
1451-8 

1451, July 16 William Dere .. .. Dowgate, .. S. 1450-1 . . vioeWhetenhall 
(and sworn) 1451-6 

Will [P.C.C. 3 Godyn] June 6, 1459 ; proved February 4, 1464. 

1451, Aug. 2 Biohard Alley, Skinner Farringdon . . S. 1452-3 . . vice Paddesle 

(6) Without, 

1451-6, 
Dowgate, 
1456-60 
Auditor 1444-6, 1456-8; Master Skinners 1451. 

1452, July 19 Gboppbey Boleyn, .. Castle Baynard, S. 1446-7, .. vice Combeg 
(and sworn) Mercer 1452-7, M. 1457-8 

Bassishaw, 
1457-63 

M.P. London 1449; Master Mercers 1454. Died June, 1463; Will [P.C.C. 1 Godyn] 
June 14; proved July 2, 1463. 

1452, Aug. 7 EiOHARD Lee, GVocer.. Bishopsgate, .. S. 1452-8, .. vice Chalton 
(8) 1452-69, M. 1460-1, 

Walbrook, 1469-70 

1469-72 

Knighted May 21, 1471; M.P. London 1450; Auditor 1446-8, 1453-5; Master 
Grocers 1452-4, 1459-60,1468-9. Died 1472; Will [P.C.C. 5 Wateys] September 4, 
1470 ; proved March 4, 1472. 

1454, Oct. 24 John Walderne, Groce?- Candlewick, .. S. 1458-4 .. vice Derby 
(26) 1454-64 

M.P. London 1453 ; Auditor 1448-50, 1457-9 ; Master Grocers 1455-6, 1462-3. Died 1464. 

1456, March John Middleton, Mercer Farringdon . . S. 1450-1 . . vice Dere 
(April 21) Without, 

1456-8, 

Bread Street, 
1458-62 

City Chamberlain 1449- 50 ; M.P. London 1453 ; Auditor 1449-50, 1458-60 ; Master 
Mercers 1452, 1458, 1469, 1475. Died 1477; Will [P.C.C. 30 Wateys] Mav 20: 
proved August 8, 1477. 

15. See Notes and Queries, 11th Series ii. 24 (July 9, 1910). 



Chronological List of Aldbemen. 11 

1456, Oct. 4 (d*) i«Thomas Cook, .. Vintry, 1456-8, S. 1453-4, .. vice Abraham 
(15) Draper Broad Street, M. 1462-3 

1458-68, 
Bread Street, 
1470-1 

K.B. May 26, 1465 ; m.P. London 1460, 1470 ; Auditor 1445-7. Died c May, 1478 ; 
Will [P.C.C. 8tj Wateys] April 15 ; proved June 1, 1478. 

1456, Nov. 29 Ralph Josselyn, .. Cornhill, .. S. 1458-9,- .. vice Wyf old 

Draper 1456-78 M. 1164-5, 

1476-7 
K.B. May 26, 1465; M.P. London 1467 ; Auditor 1464; Master Drapers 1457-8. 

C1456 .. John Feelde Bridge, c 1456-63 S. 1454-5 ..vice Horn 

Stockflshmonger 
Auditor 1450-2. Died August 16, 1474. 

1457, Deo... Ralph Vebney, Ifercer Castle Baynard, S. 1456-7, .. vice Prowyk 

1457-63, M. 1465-6 

Bassishaw, 

1463-78 

Knighted May 21, 1471 ; m.P. London 1459, 1469, 1472; Auditor 1453-5, 1464-5; 
Master Mercers 1459, 1464, 1471, 1476. Died June, 147ti; Will [P.O. 1 Logge] 
June 11 ; proved June 25, 1478. 

1458, Mar. 9 William Tailloub, . . Farringdon . . S. 1454-5, . . vice Forster 

Grocer Without, M. 1468-9 

1458-60, 
Dowgate, 
1460, 

Queenhithe, 
1460-8, 
Cheap, 
1468-83 

Knighted May 21, 1471 ; M.P. London 1483; Auditor 1451-3, 1460-2; Master 
Grocers 1458-9, 1467-8, 1475 6, 1483. Died c August, 1483 ; Will [P.C.0. 10 Loggel 
dated July 25, 1433. 

1458, Apr. 10 Thomas Oulegravb, .. Vintry, 1458-62, S. 1455-6, .. vice Warter 
Skinner Bread Street, M. 1467-8 

1462-70 
Auditor 1448-50, 1461-3 ; Will [P.C.C. 8 Wateys] November 15, 1472 ; proved February 
12, 1473. 

1458, Oct. 11 Hugh Wiche, Mercer.. Coleman Street, S. 1444-5, .. vice Olney 
(and sworn) 1458-68 M. 1461-2 

K.B. May 26, 1465; M.P. London 1447 ; Auditor 1436-7,1469-61; Master Mercers 
1451, 1457, 1460, 1468. Died 1468; Will [P.C.C. 23 Godyn] May 17, 1466; proved 
May 12, 1468. 

1458, Nov. 10 John Stokker, Drfiper . . Langbourn, .. S. 1459-60 .. vice Eyre 
(and sworn) 1458-64 

Auditor 1447 9, 1462-4 ; Master Drapers 1459-60. Died 1464 ; Will' [P.C.C. 4 Godyn] 
March 28 ; proved June 5, 1464. 

1460, Mar. 8 Richard Plemyng, . . Parringdon . . S. 1460-1 . . vice Alley 
Ironmonger Without, 1460, 

Billingsgate, 
1460-4 
M.P. London 1459 ; Auditor 1463-4 ; Master Ironmongers 1463. Died August, 1464 ; 
Will [P.C.C. 5 Godyn] August 25; proved August 31. 

16. See Notes and Queries, 11th Series ii. 6 (July 2, 1910). The mistake in the 
original D.N.B. article of ante-dating by a year'Cook's return to the Court of Aldermen 
is a serious one, as it tends to obscure the fact that his actual reinstatement synchronized 
with the temporary re-establishment of Lancastrian ascendency. 



12 Chkonological List of Aldeembn. 



1460, Deo. 9 John Yonqe, Orocer . . Parringdon . . S. 1455-6, . . vice Broun 
(and sworn) Without, M. 1466-7 

^ ' 1460-4, 

Billingsgate, 
1464-81 
Knighted May 21, 1471 ; M.P. London 1455, Guildford 1467; Auditor 1449-51, 
1464-5 ; Master Grocers 146I, 1470-1, 1476-7. Died 1481 or 1482 ; Will [P.C.C. 4 
Logge] November 8, 14fl; proved February 14, 1482. 

14lJ0,Dec. 11 John Lambarde, Jlf«rcef Farringdon .. S. 1460-1 . . vice Peldynge 
(and sworn) Within, 

14G0-70 
Auditor 1459-61, 1465-8. Died c October, 1487; Will [P.C.C. 10 Milles] September 24; 
proved October 20, 1487. 

1460, Dec. 20 John Walshaw, Draper Dowgate, 1460-5 vice Hatherle 

(and sworn) 

Auditor 1458-60 ; Master Drapers 1461-2. 

1461, Jan... George Irlond, Grocer . . Aldgate, 1461, S. 1461-2 . . vice Canynges 

Cordwainer, 
1461-73 
Knighted May 21, 1471 ; M.P. London 1469, 1472 ; Master Grocers 1461-2, 1471-2. 

1461, Mar. 9 i^'Roeebt Bassett, . . Aldgate, . . S. 1463-4, . . vice Gregory 

(and sworn) Salter 1461-84 M. 1475-6 

M.P. London 1460 ; Auditor 1460-1, 1465-6, 1470-2. Died 1484. 

1461, Nov. 17 John Stokton, Mercer Ctipplegate, .. S. 1467, .. vice Oantelowe 

1461-70, M. 1470-1 

Lime Street, 

1470-3 

Knighted May 21, 1471 ; Master Mercers 1463, 1469. Died 1473 ; Will [P.C.C. 9 
Wateys] March 9, 1471 ; proved June 4, 1473. 

1462, Sept. 28 William Hampton, . . Vintry, . . S. 1462-3, . . vice Middleton 

Fishmonger 1462-82 M. 1472-3 

Knighted May 21, 1471 ; M.P. London 1478 ; Auditor 1461-2, 1468-70, 

1463, Mar. 18 John Lok, Mercer . . Bridge, 1468 . . S. 1461-2 . . vice Feelde 

Auditor 1455-7. Died 1; July, 1463; Will [P.C.C. 1 Godyn] July 19, 1459; proved July 
19, 1463. ' 

1463, July 4" William Constantyn, .. Walbrook, .. S. 1465-6 ...vice Scott 
Skinner 1463-9 

Died c May, 1469 ; Will [P.C.C. 27 Godyn] April 15 ; proved May 15, 1469. 

1463, July 15 John Tate, Mercer .. Bridge, 1463-4, S. 1464-5, .. vice Lok 
(and sworn) Tower, M. 1473-4 

1464-79 
Auditor 1469-71 ; Master Mercers 1466. Died 1479. 

1463, Oct. 3 Nicholas Marchall, .. Castle Bayuard, S. 1467-8 .. vice Boleyn 
[Court] Ironmonger 1463-5 

Auditor 1460-2 ; Master Ironmongers 1464 ; Will [P.C.C. 16 Wateys] January 4 
1173; proved August 2, 1474. 

1464, July 18 Humphrey Hatpoed, Langbourn, .. S. 1467-8, .. vice Stokker 
(Aug. 4) Goldsmith 1464-8, M. 1477-8 

Cripplegate, 
1470-3, 
Lime Street, 
1473-80 

Auditor 1471-3; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1462, 1467, 1475; Comptroller and 
Assay Master Mint 1451-9. 

16.* The knighthood ascribed to him in Vol. I. (p. 256) is erroneous. 

17. This is the correct date, — not June 15 as erroneously given at Vol. 1., p. 217. 



Cheonological List or Aldbemen. 13 



1464, Oct. 5 William Edwabd, . . Caudlewiok, . . S. 1457-8, . . vice Walderne 
Grocer 1464-80 M. 1471-2 

Auditor 1467-9; Master Grocers 1465-6, 1473-4, 1478-9. Died 1487- Will rP CO 10 
MiUes] August 1 ; proved October 30, 1487. 

1464, Dec. 7 John Plummer . . . . Parringdon . . S. 1459-60 . . vice Flemyng 

(or Plomer) Grocer Without, 

1464-5, 
Bridge, 
1465-8 

K.B. May 26, 1465 ; Auditor 1464-6 ; Master Grocers 1466-7. Will [P.C.C. 37 
Wateys] July 16, 1478 ; proved October 6, 1479. 

1465,Juuell Baktholomew Jambs, . . Farringdon .. S. 1462-3, .. vice Marowe 
Draper Without, M. 1479-80 

1465-72, 
Walbrook, 
1472-9, 
Tower, 
1479-81 

Knighted May 21, 1471; Master Drapers 1466-7, 1476-7. Died 1481 ; Will [H.R.225' 
(15)] dated November 24, 1481 ; enrolled October 16, 1498. 

1465, June 15 John Bromer Dowgate, .. S. 1466-7 .. vice Walshaw 

Fishmonger 1465-74 

M.P. London 1469, 1463 ; Auditor 1466-7. Died 1474 ; Will [P.C.C. 18 Wateys] 
March 14 ; proved December 10, 1474. 

1465, Oct. 13 Sir Henry Waver, K.B., Castle Baynard, S. 1465-6 . . vice Marchall 
Draper 1465-9, 

Bishopsgate, 
1469-70"* 

K.B. May 26, 1465; Auditor 1459-61. Died 1470; Will [P.C.C. 31 Godyn] 
February 4 ; proved August 11, 1470. 

1468, July 23 John Warde, Jkfercer .. Coleman Street, S. 1470-1 .. vice Wiohe 
(and sworn) 1468-76 

M.P. London 1467; Auditor 1472-4. 

1468, July 33 Stephen Fabyan, Draper Bridge, 1468 .. .. vice Plomer 

Bishopsgate, 
1469 
M.P. London 1469, 1470, 1472. 

1468, Sept. Thomas Stalbrook, . . Bridge, 1468-83 S. 1467-8 . . vice Plomer 

22 [Court] Draper 
(and sworn) 

Knighted May 21, 1471 ; Master Drapers 1475-6, 1481-2. Died October, 1483. 

1468, Dec. 13 (D*) i« John Crosby, .. Broad Street, . . S. 1470-1 .. vice Cook 
(and sworn) Grocer 1468-70, 

Bishopsgate, 

1470-6 

Knighted May 21, 1471 ; M.P. London 1467; Auditor 1467-9; Master Grocers 
1469-70. Died c January, 1476 ; Will [P.C.C. 24 Wateys] March 6, 1472; proved 
February 6, 1476. 

1468, Deo. 16 Robert Dropb, Draper Laugbourn, .. S. 1469-70, .. vice Hayford 
(and sworn) 1468-78, M. 1474-5 

Cornhill, 
1478-87 
Auditor 1436-8; Master Drapers 1477-8, 1482-3. Died 1487; Will [P.C.C. i Milles] 
cod. June 19 ; proved October 19, 1487. 

17.* See Vol. I., p. 44. 

18. The 'Sir John Crosby, Alderman ol London,' whom the D.N.B. assumes to have been this 
Alderman's grandfather, is a purely mythical personage. 



14 Cheonological List of Aldermen. 



1469, Jan. 27 Rioh.4rd Gabdynbr, . . Queenhiths, . . S. 1469-70, . . vice Norman 

Mercer 1469-79, M. 1478-9 

Walbrook, 

1479-85, 

Bassishaw, 

1485-c 1490 

M.P. London 1478 ; Auditor 1474-6. Will [P.C.C. 35 Milles] April 1, 1488 : proved 
February 4, 1490. 

1469,Juiie.. Stephen Fabyan .. (see 1468) vice Constantyn 

1469,Nov.28 William Habtot, .. Castle Baynard, S. 1468-9, .. vice Constantyn 
[Court] Draper 1469-70, M. 1481-2 

Broad Street, 
1470-85, 
Knighted 1482 ; m.P. London 1488 (bis), 1484 ; Auditor 1465-7, 1473-5 ; Master 
Drapers 1478-9, 1488-4. Died e March, 1485: Will [P.C.O. 21 Loggel December 
29, 1484 ; proved March 17, 1485. 

1470, Mar. 23 John Croke, S/cmraer .. Bishopsgate vice Waver 

1470, 
* Lime Street, 

1470 
Will [P.C.C. 4 Logge] September 26, 1477; proved November 19, 1481. 

1470, July . . William Stokkbr, . . Castle Baynard, S. 1473-4, . . vice Hulyn 
Draper 1470-82, M. 1485 

Vintry, 
1482-5 

Knighted May 21, 1471; Auditor 1476-8; Master Drapers 1479-80. Died 
September 28, 1485; Will [P.C.C. 26 Logge] SeptemHfer 23, 1485: proved 
September 16, 1486. 

1470,Sept.22 John Bbownb, Jl&reej-. . Parringdon .. S. 1472-3, .. viceLambarde 

Within, M. 1480-1 

1470-88, 
Cheap, 
1488-98 
Knighted January 6, 1487 ; Auditor 1475-7 ; Master Mercers 1472, 1477, 1485 
1492. Died January 1, 1498; Will [P.C.C. 18 Home] November 8, 1497- proved 
January 25, 1498. 

1470, Oct. 13 Sib Thomas Cook, K.B. (see 1456) vice Oulegrave 

1470, Deo. 14 Humphrey Hayfobd . . (see 1464) vice Croke 

[Court] 

1471, June 29 Eobebt Billesdon, .. Bread Street, . . S. 1473-4, .. vice Cook 
Haberdasher 1471-92 M. 1483-4 

Knighted 1485; Auditor 1478-80. Died 1492 ; Will [P.C.C. 29 Doget] June 20, 1491- 
proved c March, 1492. ' 

1472, May 8 Thomas Bledlowe, Grocer Farringdon . . S. 1472-3 . . vice Lee 

Without, 
1472-4, 
Dowgate, 
1474-8 

Master Grocers 1472-3, 1477-8. Died May, 1478; Will [P.C.C. S3 Wateys] May 11- 
proved May 30, 1478. ' 

1473, July 16 (d) isEdmund Shaa, .. Cripplegate, .. S. 1474-5, . . vice Stokton 

Goldsmith 1473-85, M. 1482-3 

Cheap, 
1485-8 

Knighted 1483 ; Privy Councillor 1483 ; Auditor 1479-81 ; Engraver Mint 
1462-83 ; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1476. Died April 20, 1488 ; Will [P.C.C. 12 
Milles] dated March 20, 1488. 

19. D.N.B. gives neither date of his first election as Alderman nor name of his 
original Ward. The suggested year of his death is inaccurate, and that of his Will is 
misleading, being given according to the now obsolete computation of the Civil year. 
The title of Lord Mayor is an anachronism. The suggestion that his nephev?. Sir J. Shaa, 
afterwards Mayor, was knighted on Bosworth Field is without foundation. 



Chronological List of Aldeembn. 



15 



S. 
M. 



1474-5, 
1484-5 



vice Irlond 



1485 ; Auditor 1481-8 ; Master Mint 1480-96 ; Prime Warden Gold- 
1479, 1483. Died September 22, 1496; Will [P.C.C. 2 Home] dated 
; proved c October, 1496. 



S. 1476-7 



vice Warde 



1473, c Oct. Thomas Hill, Grocer . . Cordwainer, 

1473-83, ' 

Cheap, 

1488-5 

Knighted 1485 ; Auditor 1478-5, 1480-2; Master Qrooers 1474-5, 1480-1, 1485. Died 
September 23, 14S5 ; Will [P.C.C. 17 Logge] August 22 ; proved October 28, 1485. 

1474, Aug. 26 Robert Colwyche, Taifoj- Farringdon .. S. 1475-6 . . vice Bromer 

Without, 

1474-6, 

Coleman 

Street, 

1476-80 

*^^'?3^-S!'wi^i,°^-^*^^''^*- Auditor 1477-9; Master Tailors 1460-1. Died c October, 
1480 ; Will [P.C.C. ILogge] October 5 ; proved November 17, 1480. 

Hugh Betce, Goldsmith Bishopsgate, . . S. 1475-6, . . vice Crosby 
147fi-8, M. 1485-6 

Langbourn, 
1478-96 
K.B. October, 
smiths 1478, 
August 30, 1496 ; 

Bichard Eawson, Mercer Farringdon 
Without, 
1476, 

Aldersgate, 
1476-82, 
Bassishaw, 
1482-5 
Auditor 1482-4 ; Master Mercers 1478, 1484. Died 1485 ■ 
8, 1483 ; proved October 22, 1485. 

(d*)2''Henby CoLET, .. Farringdon 
Mercer Without, 

1476-8, 
Bassishaw, 
1478-82, 
Castle 
Baynard, 
1483-7, 
Cornhill, 
1487-1505 
Knighted January 6, 1487 ; m.P. London 1487, 1489; 
Master Mercers 1480, 1489, 1496, 1505. Died October 1, 
Holgrave] September 27 ; proved October 20, 1505. 

John Wabdb, Grocer . . Dowgate, . . S. 1479-80, 
3478-85, M. 1485 

Bishopsgate, 
1485-1501 
M.P. London 1478, 1485, 1495 ; Auditor 1475-7 ; Master Grocers 1479-80, 1484-5, 1487-8, 
1491-2,1494-5,1498-9. Died April, 1501; Will [P.C.C. 11 Moone] April 2; proved 
May 4, 1501. 

Thomas Home, Mercer . . 



1476, Apr. 5 



1476, May 17 
[Court] 
(and sworn) 



1476, Nov.15 



S. 
M. 



Will [P.C.C. 16 Logge] October 

1477-8, .. vice Philip 

1486-7, 

1495-6 



1478, July 31 
[Court] 



Auditor 1476-7, 1483-5; 
1605; Will [P.C.C. 41 



vice Bledlowe 



1478, Nov.12 
[Court] 



1479, Feb. 9 
[Ootirt] 



Master Mercers 1481. 
John Stokker, Draper 



Farringdon . , 
Without, 
1478-80, 
Lime Street, 
1480-1 

Bishopsgate, . . 
1479-81, 
Billingsgate, 
1481-5 



S. 1479-80 . . vice Verney 



S. 1477-8 



vice Josselyn 



Auditor 1470-2, 1484-5 ; Master Drapers 1480-1. Died September, 1485 ; Will [P.C.C. 15 
Logge] September 23, 1485 ; proved September 12, 1486. 

20. Many of the dates in the original edition of D.JN.B. are wrong ; these have been corrected, and 
some omissions supplied in the new issue which, however, retains the error of ascribing knighthood to 
his successor, T. Kneseworth. 



16 



Oheonological List or Aldermen. 



1479, Oct. 22 EOBEBT Tate, Mercer 



1480, Apr. 17 



1480, Sep. 19 
[Court] 



Queenhithe, . . S. 1481-2, . . vice J. Tate 
1479-1.500 M. 1488-9 

M.P. London 1483 (its), 1491; Auditor 1485-7; Master Meroers 1482, 1490, 1498. Died 
c December, 1600 ; Will [P.C.C. 18 Moone] November 13, 1500 ; proved January 26, 
1501. 

William Hobnb, Salter Farringdou .. S. 1476-7, .. vice Hayford 
Without, M. 1487-8 

1480-1, 
Lime Street, 
1481-96 

Knighted November, 1487. Died 1496 ; Will [P.C.C. 1 Home] November 27, 
1494 ; proved August 6, 1496. 

William Bacon, . . Coleman Street, S. 1480-1 . . vice Colwyohe 

Haberdasher 1480-2, 

Farringdon 
Without, 
1483 
Died November, 149221 ; Will [P.C.C. 10 Doget] October 30 ; proved December 1, 1492. 



1480, Nov. 7 John Stoks, Orocer 



Master Grocers 1481. 



1481, Feb.16 
(and sworn) 

1481, Sept.l7 
(Oct. 9) 



. . Candlewick vice Edward 

1480-1 
Died c October, 1481. 

. . vice Yonge 



William Wyking, .. Bishopsgate, .. S. 1481 

Skinner 1481 

Died October 19, 1481; Will [P.C.C. 4 Logge] October 18 ; proved November 8, 1481. 



1481, Oct. 11 



1481. Oct. 23 



Thomas Percy . . 
(Prior of Holy Trinity) 

Died 1612. 
John Fisher, Mercer . . 



Portsoken, ; . . vice Pomeroy 

1481-95, 
21*1506-12 



148 I.Nov. 27 



1482, Jan. 22 



1482, June 18 
[Court] 



Farringdon . . . . . . . . vice Home 

Without, 
1481-3 
Died 1485 ; Will [P.C.C. 18 Logge] July 14; proved November 24, 1485. 

EiCHAED Chawby, Salter Candlewick, . . S. 1481-2, . . vice Stoks 
1481-1.509 M. 1494-5 

M.P.London 1497; Auditor 1477-9, 1486-8. Died c November, 1509 ; Will [P.C.C. 22, 
Bennett] October 18 ; proved November 27, 1509. 

S. 1483-4 . . vice Wyking 



Thomas Northland (or Bishopsgate, . 
Norlonde), Grocer 1481-5 

Master Grocers 1482-3. Died c September, 1485 ; Will [P.C.C. 23 Logge] April 22, 
1479 ; proved May 26, 1486. 

Richard Nailer, TaiZor. . Tower, 1482-3 vice James 

Auditor 1477-9 ; Master Tailors 1475-6. Died c August, 1483; Will [P.C.C. 7 Logge] 
July 18 ; proved August 22, 1483. 

John IMathbwb, Mercer Aldersgate, . . S. 1482-3, . . vice Oolet 
1482-3, M. 1490-1 

Bridge, 
1483-90, 
Bassishaw, 
1490-9 
Auditor 1487-9 ; Master Meroers 1491. Died February 6, 1499 ; Will [P.C.C. 29 Home] 
February 5 ; proved March 1, 1499. 

21. The statement (Vol. I., p. 154) that he ' died 1483 ' is quite erroneous. I can 
find no authority for it, and (like Mr. Justice Stareleigh) have no idea how it ' can have 
got on my notes ' in the absence of such authority. The description of the testator'in his 
Will clearly identifies him with the ex-Alderman of Coleman Street. It is possible that 
the Alderman of Farringdon Without may have been a diiierent person, but it is more 
probable that he was the same, and that, having once been discharged, he declined to 
resume office. 

21.* With regard to the date of Percy's second election as Prior, see Notes and Queries, 
11th Series ii., 85 (July 30, 1910). 



Cheonological List of Aldermen. 17 



U82,Aug.31 WilTjIAM Wkitm, Draper Coleman Street, S. 1482-3, .. vice Bacon 

1482-96, M. 1489-90 

Lime Street, 
1496-1504 
M.P.London 1489; Auditor 1479-82, 1488-90; Master Drapers 1484-6, 1489-90, 1498-4, 
1498-9,1603-4. Died 1504; Will [P.O.C. 4 Holgrave] September 4,1500: proved 
February 19, 1504. 

1483, Feb. 1 Heney Colet (see 1476) vice Hampton 

1483, Aug.29 22 William Bacon . . (see 1480) vice Pishef 

1483, Sept.16 William Mabtin, . . Tower, 1483 . . S. 1483-4, . . vice Nailer 
Skinner Cordwainer, M. 1492-3 

1483-7, 
1488-1505 
Knighted January 1494 ; Auditor 1481-3, 1489-91 ; Master Skinners 1485, 1490, 1491, 
1501, 1502. Died October, 1605; Will [H.R. 232 (6)1 August 20; enrolled 
October 20, 1505. 

1483, Oct. Robert Hardyng, . . Farringdon . . S. 1478-9 . . vice Bacon 

Goldsmith Without, 

1483-90 
Auditor 1473-5 ; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1473, 1477, 1489. Will [P.O.C. 4 Holgrave] 
August 19, 1600 ; proved c 1504. 

1483, Oct. 15 John Swan, Tailor . . Tower, 1483-92 S. 1485-6 . . vice Taillour 
Auditor 1480-2, 1490-2 ; Master Tailors 1470-1. Died May, 1492 ; Will [P.O.C. 17 Doget] 
May 1 ; proved May 9, 1492. 

1483, Nov. 11 Thomas Breteyn, . . Aldersgate, . . S. 1484-5 . . vice Stalbrook 

Irontnonger 1483-5 

Died c September, 1485 ; Will [P.O.C. 16 Logge] September 22 ; proved November 15, 
1486. 

1484, July 27 Eichard Chester, Sfcinraer Aldgate, 1484-5 S. 1484-5 .. vice Bassete 

Died February 6, 1485. 

1485, Feb. 22 Balph Astey Aldgate, .. S. 1485, .. vice Chester 

Fishmonger . 1485-94 M. 1493-4 

Knighted January, 1494. Died November 18, 1494; Will [P.O.C. 19 Vox] 
November 10 ; proved December 20, 1494. 

1485, Mar. 26 John Tate, Mercer . . Broad Street, . . S. 1485-6, . . vice Haryot 
[Court] 1485-92, M. 1496-7, 

Tower, 1514 

1492-1503, 
Langbourn, 
1503-15 
Knighted June, 1497 ; M.P. London 1503-4, 1610 ; Auditor 1491-3; Master Mercers 
1487,1493, 1601, 1509. Died January, 1616; Will [P.O.C. 4 Holder] January 3; 
proved January 20, 1515. 

1485, Oct, 11 22« vViLLiAM Eemyngton, Billingsgate,.. S. 1487-8, . . vice J. Stokker 
Fishmonger 1485-1511 M. 1500-1 

Auditor 1492-4. Died 1511 ; Will [P.O.C. 4 Fetyplace] February 19 ; proved June 27, 
1511. 

1485, Oct. 14 John Fenkyll (or Fynkell), Aldersgate, .. S. 1487-8 .. vice Breteyn 
Draper 1485-90, 

Bridge,1490-9 

Knighted January 6, 1487 ; M.P. London 1483, 1484; Auditor 1485, 1494-6 ; Master 
Drapers 1486-7, 1490-1, 1494-5. Died May, 1499 ; Will [P.O.C. 86 Home] May 27 ; 
proved July 2, 1499. 

1485, Oct. 14 John Pebcyvale, TaiZoj- Viutry, 1485-96, S. 1486-7, .. vice Sir W. 

Langbourn, M. 1498-9 Stokker 

1496-1503 

Knighted November, 1487; Auditor 1493-6 ; Master Tailors 1485-6. Died April 19, 
1503; Will [P.O.C. 23 Blamyr] March 4; proved May 29, 1503. 

22. See Note 21. 

22,* I have erroneously ascribed knighthood to him at Vol. I., p. 24. 



18 CnEONOLOGICAL LiST OP Aldeemen. 



1485, Oct. 15 (d*) 2SHugh Clopton, . . Dowgate, . . S. 1486-7, . . vice Northland 
Mercer 1485-92, M. 1491-2 

2^Breaa Street, 
1492-6 
M.P. London 1483; Master Mercers 1488. Died September 15, 1496; Will [P.C.C. 2 
Hornej September 14 ; proved October 4. 

1485, Oct. 19 William Capbl, Draper Walbrook, . . S. 1489-90, . . vice Rawson 

1485-1515 M. 1503-4, 

1510 

Knighted January 6, 1487; M.P. London 1491, 1512, 1514-5 ; Auditor 1483 5, 1495-7 ; 
Master Drapers 1487-8, 1491-2, 1496-7, 1499-1500, 1504-5, 1509-10, 1511-2. Died 
September 6, 1515; Will [P.C.C. 13 Holder] September 1, 1515; proved March 7, 
1516. 

1485, Nov. 7 Balph Tilney, Grocer . . Cripplegate, . . S. 1488-9 . . vice Hill 

1485-7, 
Castle 
Baynard, 
1487-99 
Auditor 1496-8 ; Master Grocers 1486-7, 1489-91, 1493-4, 1497-8. 

1487, Mar.l4 William Isaak, Draper Cripplegate, . . S. 1488-9 . . vice Drope 

1487-99, 
Coleman 
Street, 
1499-1508 
Auditor 1497-9 ; Master Drapers 1488-9, 1492-3, 1497-8, 1500-1, 1510-1. Died September 
10, 1518 ; Will [P.C.C. 16 Aylifte] July 1, 1618 ; proved May 27, 1519. 

1488, Mar.21 William Martin, .. re-elected (see 1483). 

Skinner 

1488, June 13 John Broke, Grocer .. Farringdon .. S. 1489-90 .. vice Shaa 

Within, 
1488-1502 
Auditor 1498-1600; Master Grocers 1488-9, 1492-8, 1496-7, 1500-1. Died 1511; Will 
[P.C.C. 88 Bennett] March 1 ; proved May 12, 1511. 

1490, Feb. 25 Robert Revell, Orocer . . Farringdon . . S. 1490-1 . . vice Hardyug 

Without, 
1490-1 
Died February 23, 1491 ; Will [P.C.C. 44 Milles] February 18 ; proved March 1, 1491. 

1490, Apr. 3 Henry Cote, Goldsmith Aldersgate, . . S. 1490-1 . . vice Gardyner 

1490-8, 
Cheap, 1505 
Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1482, 1486, 1488, 1494. Died 1513; Will [P.C.C. 12 
Fetyplace] January 14, 1510 ; proved October 21, 1513. 

1491,Mar.26 Hugh Pemberton, TaiZo?- Farringdon .. S. 1491 ..vice Revell 

Without, 
1491-4, 
Aldgate, 
1494-1500 
M.P. London 1487; Auditor 1484-6, 1499-1500; Master Tailors 1481-2. Died 1600 
Will [Canterbury— 23 F, to. 21] September 7, 1500 ; proved January 28, 1501. 

1492 . . William Pubchase, . . ■ 24Dowgate, . . S. 1492-3, . . vice Billesdon 

Mercer 1492-8, M. 1497-8 

Cheap, 1498- 
1502 

City Chamberlain 1484-92; Auditor 1488-5; Master Mercers 1494. Died 1503 ■ 
Will [Canterbury— 23 F, fo. 202] January 4 ; proved April 6, 1608. ' 



23. Some of the errors in the original article (which was singularly inaccurate) are 
corrected In the new issue of the D.N.B., but he is still assigned a mythical Knighthood 
and an equally mythical Lord Mayoralty, and the fact of his having been M P for 
London in 1483 is omitted. 

24. See Vol. I., p. 54, note A. 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 19 

1492 .. William Welbeck, .. Broad Street, . . S. 1492-3 ..vice Swan 

Haberdasher 1492-1504 

Aaaitor 1500-1 ; Will [P.C.C. 27 Bennett] December 20, 1609 ; proved April 17, 1510. 

1494, c Deo. (D*)25Eobert Pabyan, . . Farringdon . . S. 1493-4 . , vice Astry 

Draper Without, 

1494-1503 
Auaitor 1486-8, 1500-2; Master Drapers 1495-6, 1601-2. Died February 28, 1613: Will 
[P.C.C. 12 Fetyplaoe] July 11, 1511 ; proved July 12, 1513. 

1495, Feb. 13. Eiobard Charnock . . Portsoken, . . . . . . . , vice Percy 

(Prior of Holy Trinity) 1495-1505 
Died c April, 1506. 

1496,June28 Josisi Sbka., Goldsmith. . Bread Street, . . S. 1496-7, .. vice Clopton 
(sworn) 1496-1504 M. 1501-2 

Knighted June, 1497 ; M.P. London 1495, 1508; Auditor 1601-3 ; Engraver Mint 
1483 ; Joint Master Mint 1493, 1495-8 ; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1491-2. Died 
1504; Will [P.C.C. 18 Holgrave] December 26, 1503 ; proved May 16, 1604. 

1496 . . ^'Nicholas Ailwyn, . . Coleman Street, S. 1494-5, . . vice Home 

Mercer 1496-9, M. 1499-1500 

Bassishaw, 
1499-1506 
M.P. London 1491 ; Auditor 1482-4 ; Master Mercers 1496. Died 1506 ; Will [P.C.C. 2 
Adeane] cod. January 16; proved February 11, 1506. 

1496, Oct. 21 Thomas Wood, Goldsmith Vintry, . . S. 1491-2 . . vice Bryce 

1496-1504 
Auditor 1502-3 ; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1484, 1490, 1497. Died <! February, 1604 ; 
Will [P.C.C. 2 Holgrave] March 1, 1503; proved February 28, 1604. 

1498, Feb. 6 John Wyngeb, Groc«r Dowgate, .. S. 1493-4, .. vice Browne 

1498-1.505, U. 1504-5 

Cheap, 1505 
Auditor 1503-4 ; Master Grocers 1496-6, 1499-1600, 1503-4. Died December, 1505 ; Will 
[P.C.C. 2 Adeane] June 9, 1503; proved January 7, 1506. 

1498, July 22 Babtholomew Eede, . . Aldersgate, .. S. 1497-8, .. vice Cote 

Goldsmith 1498-1502, M.. 1502-3 

Cheap, 1502-5 

Knighted 1B03 ; Auditor 1491-3 ; Master Mint 1482-97 ; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 
1492-3. Died 1605; Will [P.C.C. 40, 41 Holgrave] October 19 ; proved November 
26, 1505. 

1499, Apr. 9 Thomas Wyndout, ifcreer Oripplegate, .. S. 1497-8 .. vice Mathewe 

1499-1500 
M.P.London 1497; Master Mercers 1499. Died 1600; Will [P.C.C. 4 Moone] July 
17, 1499 ; proved May 22, 1600. 

1499, July 14 Sib Eiohabd Haddon, Bridge, .. S. 1496-7, .. vice Fenkyll 

Mercer 1499-1516 Itf. 1506-7,1513 

Knighted June, ] 497 ; Auditor 1503-6 ; Master Mercers 1500, 1608. Died 1616 ; 
Will [P.C.C. 29 Holder] August 1, 1616 ; proved February 12, 1517. 

1499, Oct. 24 (d)2<>Stephen Jenyns, . . Castle Baynard, ' S. 1498-9, . . vice Tilney 
Tailor 1499-1505, M. 1508-9 

Dowgate, 
1505-8, 
Lime Street, 
1508 23 
Knighted June 23, 1509; Auditor 1606-7; Master Tailors 1489-90. Died May 6, 
1623; Will [P.C.C. SBodfeld] January 29, 1522 ; proved May 28, 1623. 

25. D.N.B, does not give date of election as Alderman. In the original issue that of his resignation 
is incorrect. 

25.* Erroneously described with a knightly prefix in Vol. I., p. 17. 

26. The D.N.B. article does not give either the date of his first (or any other) 
election as Alderman, or the name of any one of his three Wards. The date of his 
death is also erroneously stated. 



20 Chronological List of Aldermen. 

1500, July 16 as'WiBLiAM Bbownb (i.), Cripplegate, .. S. 1491-2, . . vice Wyndout 
(and sworn) Mercer 1500-4, M. 1507-8 

Lime Street, 
1504-8 
Auditor 1504-6; Master Mercers 1497, 1504. Died March 22, 1508; Will [P.C.C. 1 
Bennett] March 20 ; proved June 6, 1508. 

1500, Oct. 28 James Wilforth (or . . Aldgate, 1500-11 S. 1499-1500 . . vice Pemberton 

Wylford), Tailor 
Auditor 1506-8 ; Master Tailors 1494-5. Will [P.C.C. 13 Porch] April 26, 1526 ; proved 
January 12, 1527. 

c 1.501, Jan. Jolin Hawes, Merce?- .. QueenHthe, .. S. 1-500-1 .. vice E. Tate 

1501-10 
Auditor 1507-9 ; Master Mercers 1502, 1510. Will [P.C.C. 31 Holder] August 28, 1616 ; 
proved May 18, 1517. 

1501, June 8 Nicholas Nynes, Tailor Bishopsgate, . . S. 1502-3 . . vice Warde 

1501-3, 
Parringdon 
Without, 
1503-4 
Auditor 1494-6, 1499-1501 ; Master Tailors 1496 7. 

1502,Peb. 17 ^^'Hisnet Kebyll, .. Farringdou .. S. 1502-3, .. vice Broke 
Grocer Within, M. 1510-1 

1502-14, 
Cordwainer, 
1514-7 
Auditor 1508-10 ; Master Grocers 1502-3, 1507-8, 1511-2, 1515-6. Will [P.C.C. 30 Holder] 
dated April 28, 1517. 

1502, Dec. 13 Thomas Bradbury, . . Aldersgate, . . S. 1498-9, . . vice Purchase 

Mercer 1502-3, M. 1509-10 

Coleman 
Street, 
1503-10 

M.P. London 1495 ; Auditor 1509-10 ; Master Mercers 1503. Died January 11, 1510 ; 
Will [P.C.C 26 Bennett] January 9 ; proved February 27, 1510. 

1503, June Thomas Graunger, . . Tower, 1503-10 S. 1503-4 . . vice Percyvale 
24 (and Skinner 



Bworn) 



Master Skinners 1504, 1605. Died 1610 ; Will [P.C.C. 34 Bennett] January 12; proved 
December 5, 1510. 



1503, Aug. 29 ^''•Thomas Knbseworth, Bishopsgate, .. S. 1495-6, .. vice Fahyan 
[Court] Fishmonger 1503-5, M. 1505-6 

Cornhill, 
1505-13 
Died June 26, 1513; Will [P.C.C. 12 Fetyplace] June 4 ; proved August 8, 1513. 

1503, Oct. 24 John Warner, Armourer Aldersgate, . . S. 1494-5 . . vice Isaak 
(and sworn) [translated to Grocers 1503-11 

1503] 

Master Grocers 1504-6,1510-1. Died 1511; Will [P.C.C. 38 Bennett] February 12; 
proved March 13, 1511. 

1504, Feb. 6 Sir Lawrence Aylmbb, Bread Street, S. 1501-2, . . vice Shaa 

Draper 1504-15, M. 1508 

Walbiook, 
1515-24 
Knighted 1497 ; Auditor 1493-5 ; Master Drapers 1602-3, 1505-6, 1612-3 1519-20. 

26.* The knighthoods ascribed in Vol. I. to Browne (p. 175), Kebyll (pp. 115, 146), and 
Kneseworth (p. 35) are mythical. 



Chronological List of Aldeemen. 21 



1504, May 6 ^'Roqer Aohbley, 


. Vintry, 


S. 1504-5, 


. . vice Wood 


Draper 


1504-10, 
Coleman 


M, 1511-2 




» 


Street, 
1510-3, 
Cornhill, 
1513-21 






Auditor 1510-1 ; Master 


Drapers 1506-7, 1513-4. 


Will [P.C.C. 


13 Bodfelde] October 


16, 1515 ; proved October 24, 1623. 






1504, May 7 William Stede, Grocer. 


. Cripplegate, . . 


S. 1500-1 


. . vice White 



1504-6 
Anditor 1488-90, 1495-7 ; Master Grocers 1501-2, 1505-6. Died e August, 1606 ; Will 
[P.C.C. 13 Adeane] August 27 ; proved September 3, 1506. 

1504, June 4 Richard Shore, Draper Farringdon . . S. 1505-6 . . vice Nynes 

Without, 
1504-10 
Master Drapers 1607-8. Died August, 1510 ; Will [P.C.C. 31 Bennett] August 4 ; 
proved September 3, 1510. 

1504, Nov. 7 (d*) 2ewilliam Broad Street, . . S. 1506-7 . . vice Welbeck 

Pitz William, 150.4-11 [Elected S. 1610] 

Merchant Taylor 

Knighted c 1515 ; Auditor 1500-2 ; Master Tailors 1499 ; Chamberlain to 
Cardinal Wolaey ; Sheriff Essex and Herts 1514-6 ; Sheriff Northamptonshire 
1523-4, 1528-9. Died August 9, 1534 ; Will [P.C.C. 17, 33 Hogen] cod. July 81 ; 
proved September 5, 1534. 

1505, Aug. 4 Thomas Newton (Prior Portsoken . . . . vice Gharnock 

of Holy Trinity) 1505-6 

Died c September, 1506. 

1505,Nov.ll William Bbownb (ii.), Cordwainer, . . S. 1504-5, . . vice Martin 
Mercer 1505-14 M. 1513-4 

Auditor 1510-2; Master Mercers 1507, 1514. Died June 3, 1614; Will [P.C.C. 13 
Petyplaoe] May 28 ; proved July 1, 1614. 

1505, Nov. 27 Roger Grove, Grocer .. Bishopsgate, .. S. 1505-6 .. vice Colet 
(and sworn) 1505-9 

Master Grocers 1506-7. Will [P.C.C. 10 Bennett] December 16, 1608 ; proved January 
23, 1609. 

1505, c Dec. William Oopynqbe, .. Castle Baynard, S. 1506-7, .. vice Bede 

Fishmonger 1505-10, M. 1512-3 

Queenhithe, [Elected S. 1504] 
1510-3 

Auditor 1611-3. Died February 7, 1613 ;■ Will [P.C.C. 13 Fetyplaoe] November 22, 
1512; proved March 1, 1613. 

1505, Dec. 13 Henry Cote .. . . (see 1490) . . . . . . . . vice Wynger 

1506, Feb. 10 Robert Johnson, .. Cheap, 1506-7 S. 1506 .. vice Wynger 

Goldsmith 

Died c September, 1507 ; Will [P.C.C. 26 Adeane] September 23 ; proved October 12, 
1607. 

1506, Mar. 8 Aungel Don (or Dun), .. Bassishaw, .. .. .. .. vice Ailwyu 

Grocer 1506 

Died 1506 ; Will [P.C.C. 18 Adeane] October 21, 1605 j proved December 9, 1606. 

1506, Oct. 16 Christopher Hawes, . . Cripplegate, . . S. 1503-4 . . vice Stede 
Mercer 1506-8 

Auditor 1502-3; Master Mercers 1606. Died October, 1608; Will [P.C.C. 7 Bennett] 
December 29, 1607 ; proved December 1, 1508. 

27. With regard to the knighthood which I have (I think erroneously) ascribed to 
him at pp. 109, 123, of Vol. I., see my note at p. 256 of that volume. 

28. The date of his election as Alderman is incorrectly given in D.N.B., and in the 
original edition his Ward is also inaccurately named. 



22 



Chronological List or Aldermen. 



1506, Oct. . . 
(Deo. 20) 

1507, Jan. 14 



1507, c Oct. 



2«*Thomas Percy . . (see 1481> 

(Prior of Holy Trinity) 



. . vice Newton 



^^Geoeqe Monoux, 
Draper 



Bassishaw, .. S. 1509-10, .. vice Don 
1507-41 M. 1514-5 

[Elected M. 1528] 

M.P. London 1623 ; Auditor 1512-4 ; Master Drapers 1508-9, 1516-7, 1520-1, 1626-7, 
1632-3, 1539-40. Will [P.C.C. 5 Pynning] cod. June 8, 1643; proved March 28, 
1544. 



William Bothlbe (or Cheap, 1507-31 S. 1507-8, . . vice Johnson 
Butleb), G^-ocer M. 1515-6 

Knighted 1516 ; Auditor 1614-6; Master Grocers 1508-9, 1513-4, 1516-7, 1620-3, 
1526-7, 1528-9, 16301, 1532-3. Died January, 1534; Will [P.C.C. 10 Hogen] 
November 27, 1628; proved February 11, 1634. 



1508, June 8 John Rest, Grocer 



1510, Mar. 21 
(May 2) 



1510, Oct. 8 
(and sworn) 



1510, Oct. 16 
(19) 



Dowgate, 
1508-23 



S. 1510-1, 
M. 1516-7 



vice Bi'ovfue ( 



Auditor 1513-5; Master Grooera 1609-10,1514-6,1619-20. Died February, 1523; Will 
[P.C.C. 3 Bodfelde] February 5; proved February 26, 1523. 



1508, Dec. 5 
(and svrorn) 



1509, Mar. 6 



1509, Dec. 4 



1510, Mar. 12 

1510, Mar. 19 
(Apr. 9) 



vice G. Hawes 



Thomas Exmue (or .. Cripplegate, .. S. 1508-9, 
Exmewb), Goldsmith 1508-29 M. 1517-8 

Knighted 1518; Auditor 1603-5, 1616-7; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1514, 1520. 
Died c January, 1529; Will [P.C.C. 3 Jankyn] January 6 ; proved March 9, 1529. 



^^Thomas Mibpyn, 
Skinner 



Bishopsgate, 
1509-23 



S. 1511-2, 
M. 1518-9 



vice Grove 



Auditor 1616-8; Master Skinners 1609,1510,1612, 1515,1616. Died September, 1523; 
Will [P.C.C. 13 Bodfelde] September 2; proved October 15, 1523. 

Jambs Yaepord (or . . Candlewick, . . S. 1514-5, . . vice Chawry 
Yeefoed), Mercer 1509-27 M. 1519-20 

Knighted c 1520 ; M.P. London 1509 ; Auditor 1617-20; Master Mercers 1511, 1519, 
1627. Died June 22, 1627 ; Will [P.C.C. 20 Porch] June 15 ; proved June 26, 1527. 

William Lamberd, Mercer Vintry , 1510 vice Bradbury 

Died c April, 1615 ; Will [P.C.C. 11 Holder] March 26 ; proved May 9, 1616. 



John Beuggb (or 
Beuges), Draper 



Vintry, 1510-5, S. 1513-4, 
Langbourn, M. 1520-1 
1515-30 



vice Bradbury 



Knighted 1521 ; M.P. London 1509-10 ; Auditor 1604-6, 1518-21 ; Master Drapers 
1514-5, 1521-2, 1527-8. Died October, 1530; Will [P.C.C. 21 Jankyn] October 8; 
proved October 29, 1530. 



Roger Basford, Mercer. 



Tower, 1510-4, 
1514-20 



S. 1514 



vice Graunger 



Master Mercers 1620. Died May, 1620; Will [P.C.C. 2 Maynwaring] cod. Mav2: 
proved May 23, 1520. 

John MiLBOBNE, Drap«y Farringdon .. S. 1510-1, .. vice Shore 
Without, M. 1521-2 

1510-2, 

Aldgate, 1512- 
21, Cornhiil, 
1521-86 

Knighted 1522; Auditor 1506-8, 1620-2; Master Drapers 1516-6, 1522-3, 1628-9, 
1633-4. Died 1536; Will [P.C.C. 35 Hogen] June 10, 1535; proved May 12, 1636. 

Nicholas Shelton, Mercer Castle Baynard, S. 1511-2 . . vice J. Hawes 
1510-5 



Master Mercers 1512. Died c August, 1615 ; Will [P.C.C. 21 Holder] March 4 ; proved 
November 8. 



28.* See note 21* p. 16. 

29. The knighthood with which he is generally credited, and which I have, 
without due consideration, assigned to him in Vol. I. (p. 18) is certainly mythical, as I 
have (I hope conclusively) shown in Notes and Queries, Series X., viii. 496 (December 
21, 1907) and ix. 431 (May 30, 1908). 

30. I have erroneously assigned a knighthood to him In Vol. I. (p. 35). 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 2B 

1511, May 17 Henry Woiley, Goldsmith Broad Street,.. S. 1515-6 ..vice 

(20) 1511-24 Fitz William 

Auditor 1521-3; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1512; "Will [P.C.C. 33 Bodfelde] August 7, 
1524 ; proved May 5, 1625. 

1511, Sept. 4 Robert Fenrother, .. Aldgate, 1511-24 S. 1512-3 .. vice Warner 

(8) Ooldsmith 

Auditor 1607-9, 1522-4; Joint Master Mint 1493 4; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1517. 
Died March 21, 1524 ; Will [P.C.C. 19 Bodtelde] March 17 ; proved April 27, 1524. 

15U,Sept.23 Robert Aldernes (or .. Billingsgate, .. S. 1512-3 . . vice Remyngton 
(and sworn) Holdernes), 1511-21 

HaberdasJier 

1512, Apr. 20 John Dawes, Orocec .. Farringdon .. S. 1513-4 .. vice Wilfortb 

Without, 
1512-4 
Master Grocers 15128. Died June 16, 1514; Will [P.C.C. 9 Holder] June 4; proved 
June 20, 1614. 

1512, Sept. 3 John Bradwell, (Prior . . Portsoken vice Percy 

(16) Holy Trinity) 1512-24 

Died 1524. 

1513,Mar.l5 John Mundy, GoZdsmii/i Queenhithe, .. S. 1514-5, . . vice Copynger 
(and sworn) 1513-5, M. 1522-3 

Bread Street, 
1515-37 

Knighted 1523 ; Auditor 1510-2, 1523-4; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1519. Died 
September, 1637; Will [P.C.C. 9 Dyngeley] September 20; proved September 
26, 1637. 

1513,Sept.20 Richard Grey, Iron- .. Coleman Street, S. 1515 .. vice 

(Nov. 15) monger 1513-5 Kneseworth 

Died October, 1515 ; Will [P.C.C. 3 Holder] October 20 ; proved November 26. 

1514, Julys Thomas Baldbt, Mercer Farringdon .. S. 1517-8, .. vice Browne (ii.) 
(and sworn) Within, M. 3523-4 

1514-7, 
Cordwainer, 
1517-34 

Knighted C 1524; Auditor 1611-3, 1524-5; Master Mercers 1516, 1524. Died 
c August, 1534; Will [P.C.C. 17 Hogen] July 10; proved October 22, 1534. 

1514, July20 William Baylet, . . Farringdon . . S, 1515-6, . . vice Dawes 
(and sworn) Draper Without, M. 1524-5 

1514-5, 
Coleman 
Street, 
1515-24, 
Walbrook, 
1524-32 
Knighted 1525 ; Auditor 1624-6 ; Master Drapers 1517-8, 1526-6. Died e November, 
1532 ; Will [P.C.C. 21 Thower] cod. October 28 ; proved December 16, 1532. 

1514,Sept.l9 Roger Basford .. .. re-elected (see 1510, also Vol. I., p. 199). 

1515, Feb. 13 JoHNAi,BYN(orALEN),.. Vintry, .. S. 1518-9, .. vice Sir J. Tate 

(and sworn) Mercer 1515-23, M. 1525-6, 

^ ' Lime Street, 1535-6 

1523-45 
Knighted 1526; Privy Councillor ; Auditor 1613-6, 1525-7, 1536-8 ; Master 
Mercers 1516,1625,1537. Died e August, 1545; Will [P.C.C. 1 Alen] August 13, 
1645 ; proved January 15, 1646. 

1515, Aug. 28 John Thurston, Broderer, Castle Baynard, S. 1516-7 . . vice Shelton 

(30) translated to Gold- 1515-9 

smiths Aug. 30, 1515 
Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1520. Died c July, 1520; Will [P.C.C. 23 Maynwarmg] 
cod. July 20 ; proved August 8, 1520. 



24 



Chronological List op Aldermen. 



1515, Oct. 23 
(and sworn) 



1515, Deo. 4 
(and sworn) 



1516, Dec. 9 

1516, Dec. 11 
(and sworn) 



1517, May 16 
(and sworn) 



1517, Sept. 

181 • 

(and sworn) 



1519, Oct. 11 
(13) 



1520, June 14 
(26) 



1521, July 18 
(23) 



1521, July 30 



John West, Mercer 



Qaeenhithe vice Capel 

1515-7 
Master Mercers 1517. Died c August, 1517 ; Will [P.C.C. 33 Holder] July 24; proved 
September 18, 1517. 

siThomas Semeb . . Farringdon . . S. 1516-7, . . vice Grey 

(or Seymour), Mercer Without, M. 1526-7 

1615-23, 
Dowgate, 
1523-35 
Knighted 1520; M.P.London 1529 35; Auditor 1515-7, 1526-8; Master Mercers 1518, 
1526. Died December 11, 1535; Will [P.C.C. 31 Hogen] May 14, 1533; proved 
January 31, 1586. 

Bal2}h Symonds, . . (see 1526) vice Haddcm 

Fishmonger 



James Spencer, Vintner Bridge, 1516-44 S. 1518-9, 

M. 1527-8 



vice Haddon 



Knighted 1528 ; Auditor 1527-9; Master Vintners 1516-19. Died February, 1544 ; 
Will [P.C.C. 10 Pynning] cod. February 1 ; proved June 21, 1544. 



Nicholas Partryohe, 
Grocer 



Farringdon . , 
Within, 
1517-21, 
Billingsgate, 
1521-5 



S. 1519-20 



vice Kebyll 



Auditor 1512-4 ; Master Srocers 1517-9. Died c April, 1525 ; Will [P.C.C. 34 Bodfelde] 
March 26 ; proved June 13, 1525. 



John Wylkynson, 
Draper 



Queenhithe, .. S. 1519-20 
1517-21 



vice West 



Master Drapers 1518-9. Died 1521; Will [P.C.C. 15 Maynwaring] August 12; proved 
October 30, 1521. 



John Kyme, Mercer 



Castle Baynard, S. 1520-1 . . vice Thurston 
1519-27, 
Candlewiok, 
1527-8 
M.P. London 1512, 1614-5 ; Auditor 1511-3 ; Master Mercers 1522. Died c March, 1528. 

Michael Englysshe, . . Tower, 1520-4, S. 1523-4 . . vice Basford 
Mercer Coleman 

Street, 
1524-31 
Auditor 1514-6, 1528-80 ; Master Mercers 1521, 1628. Will [P.C.C. 24 Dyngeley] July 1, 
1527 ; proved January 30, 1539. 



S. 1522-3, 
M, 1528-9 



vice Acheley 



John Budstonb, Draper Aldgate, 
1521-8, 
Candlewiok, 
1528-31 
Knighted 1529 ; Auditor 1614-6 ; Master Drapers 1523-4, 1529-30. Died c August, 
1531 ; Will [P.C.C. 7 Thower] August 16 ; proved September 80, 1631. 



John Skevynton, 
Merchant Taylor 



S. 1520-1 



vice Aldernes 



, Farringdon 
Within, 
1521-4, 
Broad Street, 
1524-5 

Knighted c 1522 ; Master Merchant Taylors 1510-1. Died 1625 ; Will [P.C.C. 40 
Bodfelde] December 21, 1524 ; proved December 22, 1525. 

31. D.N.B. (in its article on his nephew and namesake, Thomas, Lord Seymour of 
Sudeley, whose relationship to him it does not particularize) assigns him a second 
mayoralty, which is purely imaginary, and misdates his death by three years. It also 
misdates 'Evil Mayday,' which occurred in his Shrievalty (May 1517, not 1516). The 
form ' Semer ' is that usually found in the City Wards ; ' Seymour ' is the accepted 
form in modern orthography. 

31.* Not September U as in Vol. I., p. 191. 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 



1521, Oct. 
(Nov. 7) 



Ralph DoDMEB, Brewer, Queenhitlie, 
translated to Mercers 1521-3, 
November 7, 1521 Vintry, 

1523-32, 
Walbrook, 
1532-6 
Knighted 1529 (before December 2) ; 



1523, Mar. 5 



1523, April 28 
(and sworn) 



1523, May 16 
(and sworn) 



1528, July 28 
(and sworn) 



1523, Oct. 6 
[Court] 

1524, Apr. 28 

1524, May 12 
(31) 



1524, July 21 
(and sworn) 



1524, Aug. 5 
(and sworn) 



S. 1524-5, 
M. 1529-3U 



vice Wylkyuson 



Auditor 1529-31 ; Master Meroers 1523. 



Died c April, 1536 ; Will [P.C.O. 35 Hogen] ood. April 16 ; proved June 28, 1636. 



Robert Amadas, . . Parringdon 

Ooldsmith Without, 

1523, 

Broad Street, 
1529-32 
Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1531 ; Master Jewels 1526' 
Hogen] July 3, 1531 ; adm. November 8, 1533. 



[Elected S. 1530] . . vice Rest 



Died 1532 ; Will [P.C.C. 7 



Nicholas Jenyns, 
Skinner 



Parringdon 



S. 1523-4 



vice Amadas 



Master Skinners 1519, 1521, 
proved January 22, 1533, 



Without, 
1523, 

Broad Street, 
1526-9 
1525, 1529. Will [P.C.C. 22 Thower] September 6, 1531 ; 



John Brown, 



Painter- Stainer, trans- 
lated to Haberdashers 
May 16, 1523 



Parringdon 



. . vice 



Died September 24, 1532; 
December 2, 1532. 

Nicholas Lambabde (or 
Lambbbt), Grocer 



Without, 

1523-4, 

Parringdon 

Within, 

1524-7 

Will [P.C.C. 



N. Jenyns 



21 Thower] September 17; proved 



Queenhithe, .. S. 1526-7, .. vice 

1523-5, M. 1531-2 Sir S. Jenyns 

Billingsgate, 

1525-32, 

Broad Street, 

1532-3 

Knighted before July 2, 1532 ; Auditor 1515-7, 1530-2; Master Grocers 1525-6, 
1527-8, 1629-30, 1631-2. Died c September, 1538; Will [P.C.C. 5 Hogen] July 10, 
1528 ; proved October 7, 1538. 

John Cawnton Bishopsgate, . . S. 1525-6 . . vice Mirfyn 

Haberdasher 1523-8 



John Long, Salter . . (see 1528) 

John Hardy Aldersgate, .. S. 1527-8 

Haberdasher 1524-8, 

Parringdon 
Within, 
1528-35 
Auditor 1531-3. Died October, 1540 ; Will [P.C.C, 
October 21, 1540. 



vice Fenrother 

vice 
Penrother 



14 Alenger] October 7 ; proved 



Stephen Pecocke, 
Haberdasher 



1526-7, 
1532-3 



vice Worley 



Parringdon . . S. 
Without, M. 

1524-6, 
Qaeenhithe, 
1526-35, 
Parringdon 
Within, 
1535-6 

Knighted before January 21, 1533 ; Auditor 1582-4. Died c May, 1536; Will 
[P.C.C. 35 Hogen] cod. April 18 ; proved May 19, 1636. 

Oheistophbr Ascub, . . Tower, 1524-34, S. 1525-6, . . vice Aylmer 
Draper Cheap, 1534-9 M. 1538-4 

Knighted January 18, 1584 ; Auditor 1533-6 ; Master Drapers 1524-5, 1680-1, 
1534-5. Died c August, 1539; Will [P.C.O. 30 Dyngeley] February 26, 1686; 
proved August 29, 1539. 



26 



Cheonological List of Aldermen. 



1524, July 14 
(Aug. 30) 

1525,Junel3 
(and sworn) 



1525, July 31 



1526, Jan. 23 
(Feb. 1) 



1526, Feb. 6 
(March 6) 

1526, Apr. 17 
(24) 



1537, Jan. 16 



1527, July 23 
(Sept. 4) 



Nicholas Hancock . . Portsokon . . . . vice Bradwell 

(Prior of Holy Trinity) 1524-32 

John Twyselton, . . Queenhithe, . . . . . . . . vice 

Goldsmith 1525-6 Partryche 

Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1621. Will [P.C.C. 18 Porch] November 6, 1524 ; proved 
May 22, 1527. 



1528,Mar. 31 
(on or before 
April 2) 



1528, June 18 
(July 16) 



Jolm Nechylls, . . .. Broad Street, . . . . . . . . vice 

Merchant Taylor 15Z5 Skevynton 

Died December 16, 1530. 

Ralph Symonds, . . Bridge, 1516, . . S. 1517-8 . . vice 

Fishmonger Broad Street, Skevynton 

1526, Castle 
Baynard, 
1533-4 
Auditor 1616-8. Will [P.C.C. 3 Spert] September 8, 1541 ; proved February 1, 1542. 



Nicholas Jenyns, 
Skinner 



(see 1523) 



. . vice Symonds 



Henry Dacres (or Dakers) , Farringdon 
Merchant Taylor Without, 

1526-8 



[Elected S. 1528] 



vice 

Twyselton 



Master Merchant Taylors 1513-4. 
proved June 14, 1539. 



Farringdon . . 
Within, 1527 



Will [P.C.C. 28 Dyngeley] January 15,1537; 
. . vice Brown 



Paul Wythypool, 
Merchant Taylor 

M.P. London 1629-86, 1545 ; Auditor 1521-3 ; Master Merchant Taylors 1537-8. Died 
c 1547; Will [P.C.C. 38 Alen] Deoember 11, 1542; proved June 8, 1647. 



(d)S2John Champnbys, . 
Skinner 



S. 1522-3, 
M. 1534-5 



vice Yarford 



Castle Baynard, 
1527-33, 
Broad Street, 
1533-4, 
Cordwainer, 
1534-56 

Knighted October 28, 1534; Secondary Bread Street 1513-23; Auditor 1534-6; 
Master Skinners 1527, 1528, 1630, 1632, 1537, 1539. Died October, 1556; Will 
[P.C.C. 22 Ketchyn] July 28 ; proved November 12. 

(d)83William: Hollyes, Aldgate, S. 1527-8, . . vice Kyme 

Mercer 1528-34, M.. 1539-40 

Broad Street, 
1534-42 

Knighted c 1533 ; Auditor 16B5-7; Master Mercers 1529. Died October 20, 1642; 
Will [P.C.C. 14 Spert] August 7, 1541 ; proved Deoember 18, 1542. 



(D)3^RAr,PH Wabben, 
Mercer 



Aldersgate, 
1528-31, 
Candlewick, 
1531-53 



S. 1528-9, 
M. 1536-7, 
1544 



vice Brown 



Knighted December 22, 1536; Auditor 1637-98'i*; Master Mercers 1530, 
1542. Died July 11, 1653 ; Will [P.C.C. 16 Tashe] June 30, 1552 ; proved August 5, 
1553. 



32. In original issue of D.N.B. no one of bis three Wards is given. 

33. The date of death in the text, being from the Jmg. Post Mart., is presumably 
correct: D.N.B. gives Oct. 13. The date of his Itfastership of the Itfercers' Company 
in D.N.B. differs materially from that supplied to me on the highest available authority. 

34. The date of removal to Candlewick Ward is wrongly stated in D.N.B., and he 
is incorrectly described as Senior Alderman ; Sir John Champneys, who survived him, 
preceded him alike as Alderman, as Sheriff, and as Lord Mayor. 

34.* From this date (1537) it became the established custom to elect the outgoing 
Lord Mayor one of the Aldermauic Auditors for a period of two years : such elections 
being practically automatic, I have omitted to record them, but I have continued to 
note the dates at which future Aldermen served as Auditors, while still Commoners. 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 27 



1528, Oct. 13 John 'Long, Salter .. Aldersgate, .. S. 1528-9 . . vice Daores 
(Nov. 17) 15U, 

Farringdon 
Without, 
1528-35, 
Queenhithe, 
1535-8 
Died Jaly 6, 1538 ; Will [P.C.C. 19 Dyngeley] May 14, 1637 ; proved July 24, 1538. 

1528,Nov.20 Thomas Pabqeter, .. Bishopsgate, . . S. 1521-2, . . vice Cawnton 
(24) Salter 1528-32 M. 1530-1 

Knighted (between November 13 and December 8) 1530. Died 1632 ; Will 
[P.C.C. 19 Thowerl February 1, 1529 ; proved October 21, 1532. 

1529, Mar. 2 William Fobman, . . Cripplegate, . . S. 1533-4, . . vice Exmue 

(4) Haberdasher 1529-47 M. 1538-9 

Knighted before June 19, 1539 ; m.P. London 1545 ; Auditor 1526-8. Died 
January 13, 1547 ; Will [P.C.C. 80 Alen] January 10 ; proved March 12, 1647. 

1529, Oct. 19 Robert Amadas, .. (see 1523) vice 

(Nov. 9) Goldsmith N. Jenyns 

1530, Oct. 21 William BocHB, Draper Langbourn, .. S. 1524-5, .. vice Brugge 
(Nov. 8) 1530-41, M. 1540-1 

Bassishav7, 
1541-9 

Knighted (before November 19) 1540 ; m.P. London 1523, 1686, 1539, 1641-2, 1645 ; 
Auditor 1519-21 ; Master Drapers 1631-2, 1535-6, 1540-1, 1543-4, 1545-6, 1648-9. Died 
1549; Will [P.C.C. 42 Populwell] July 12; proved November 13, 1649. 

1531, Sept.l9 William Denham, . . Coleman Street, S. 1534-5 . . vice 

(28) Ironmonger 1531-42 Englysshe 

Knighted February 2, 1542; Master Ironmongers 1631, 1632, 1634, 1535, 1541, 
1547, 1549. Will [H.B. 248 (134)] April 12, 1514 ; enrolled June 14, 1557. 

1531, Oct. 5 Michael Dobmeb, . . Aldersgate, . . S. 1529-30, . , vice 

(10) Mercer 1531-2, M. 1541-2 Eudstone 

Vintry, 
1532-45 

Knighted February 2, 1542 ; Auditor 1526-8 ; Master Mercers 1531, 1545. Died 
September 20, 1545 ; Will [P.C.C. 38 Pynning] September 17 ; proved October 2. 

1532, June 6 Eichard Choppyn, . . Billingsgate, . . S. 1530-1 . . vice Amadaa 
(and sworn) Tallow Chandler, 1532-6 

translated to Grocers 
June 20, 1532 
Master Tallow Chandlers 1523-6 ; Grocers 1633-4. Died c March, 1636; Will [P.C.C. 
34 Hogen] March 7 ; proved April 23, 1536. 

1532, Oct. 10 Eobert Pagett, . . Bishopsgate, . . S. 1536-7 . . vice Pargeter 

(22) Merchant Taylor 1532-41 

Auditor 1532-4. Died 1541 ; Will [P.C.C. 2 Spert] August 19, 1641 ; proved February 
23, 1542. 

1532,Dec.l2 Walter Champyon, .. Aldersgate, .. S. 1529-30 . . vice Bayley 
(and sworn) Draper 1532-4 

Auditor 1527-9. Died c January, 1534 ; Will [P.C.C. 10 Hogen] January 21 ; proved 
February 6. 

1533, Oct. 14 Ealph Symonds, . . (see 1526) vice 

(Nov. 18) Fishmonger Lambarde 



28 Cheonological List of Aldermen. 



1534, Mar. 3 Ralph Aleyn, Grocer .. (see 1538) vice 

Champyon 

1534, Mar. 3 Robert Trappes, . . Tower, 1534 vice Boteler 

Goldsmith 
Prime Warden Ooldsmiths 1540. 

1534, Mar. 26 Zoss Got-eb,, Salter .. Aldersgate, .. S. 1535-6, .. vice 

(30) 153i-6, M. 1512-3 Champyon 

Dowgate, 
1536-47 
Knighted before March 15, 1543. Died February, 1547 ; Will [P.C.C. 30 AlenJ 
February 2 ; proved March 4, 1547. 

1534, Mar. 26 Humphrey Monmouth, Tower, 1534-7 S. 1535-6 .. vice Boteler 
(30) Draper 

Master Drapers 1536-7. Died November 23, 1537 ; Will [P.C.C. 12 Dyngeley] Novem- 
ber 16 ; proved December 15, 1537. 

1534, July 21 Nicholas Gybson, Grocer Castle Baynard, S. 1538-9 .. vice Synumds 

1534 
Died September 25, 1540; Will [P.C.C. 12 AlengerJ September 23; proved October 8, 
1540. 

1534, July 28 (D)s5Sir Thomas Kytson, Castle Baynard, S. 1533-4 . . vice Symonds 
(and sworn) Mercer 1534-40 

Knighted May 30, 1533; Master Mercers 1635. Died September, 1540; Will 
[P.C.C. 30 Spert] dated September 11, 1540. 

1534, Sept. 3 William Bowyee, .. Aldgate, .. S. 1536-7, .. vice Baldry 

(17) Draper 1534-6, M. 1543-4 

Cornhill, 
1536-44 

Knighted February 2, 1544; m.P. London 1533-4; Auditor 1529-31, 1534; 
Master Drapers 1637-8, 1541-2. Died April 13, 1544 ; Will [P.C.C. 11 Pynning] cod. 
April 4 ; proved July 16, 1544. 

1535, Mar.ll (Ti)^Richard Fermor, . . Farringdon vice Hardy 

Grocer Without, 

1535 
Auditor 1520-2. Died November 17, 1551 ; Will [P.C.C. 3 Powell] July 1, 1551 ; proved 
February 3, 1552. 

1536, Jan. 10 William Dauntsey, . . Farringdon . . S. 1530-1 . . vice Hardy 
(and sworn) Mercer Without, 

1536-41, 
Laugbourn, 
1541-3 
M.P. Thettord 1529-36; Master Mercers 1532. Died April 23, 1548; Will [P.C.C. 28 
Spert] April 10, 1542 ; proved November 30, 1543. 

1536, Feb. 8 Ralph Aleyn, Grocer . . (see 1538) vice Semer 

1536, Feb. .. Robert Baxter, .. Aldersgate, 1536 vice Semer 

Haberdasher 
Died May, 1543 ; Will [P.C.C. 20 Spert] April 30 ; proved May 17, 1643. 

35. He was not (as stated in D.N.B.) knighted in his Shrievalty, to which he was 
not elected till later in the year 1533. Kytson's election as Alderman is ignored in the 
D.N.B. article ; consequently William Forman was not, as stated in tne text, ' his 
Co-SherifE ' at that time, and there is no point in recording the fact that Forman was not 
knighted with him. 

36. The year of his death is obviously misdated in D.N.B., the date there given 
being subsequent to the probate of his will. His election as Alderman is not recorded, 
and his father-in-law is credited with an imaginary knighthood. ' In 1550, two years after 
Henry VIII. 's death ' betrays some weakness in either chronology or elementary 
arithmetic. 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 



29 



1536, Mar. 7 
(and sworn) 



1536, May 22 
(30) 



1536, May 30 
(June 13) 



1536, June 1 



S. 1540-1, 
M. 1544-5 



vice Semer 



(d*) 3' William Laxton, Aldersgate, . 
Grocer 1536-43, 

Langbourn, 
1543-5, 
Lime Street, 
1545 56 

Knighted February, 1545 ; Master Grocers 1536-7, 1538-9, 1641-2, 1548-4, 1545-6, 
1548-9, 1550-1, 1552-3. Died July 29, 1556; Will [P.C.C. 12 Eetohyn] July 22; 
proved August 27, 1556. 

(d)s8Eichabd Gbbsham, Walbrook, . . S. 1531-2, . . vice Dodmer 
Mercer 1536-9, M. 1537-8 

Cheap, 
1589-49 

Knighted October IS, 1537 ; M.P. London 1545; Auditor 1530-2; Master Mercers 
1583, 1589, 1549. Died February 21, 1549; Will [P.C.C. 31 Populwell] February 20 ; 
proved May 20, 1549. 

Thomas Colyus, Salter Farringdon . . . . . . . . vice Pecooke 

Within, 
1536 
Died September, 1536 ; Will [P.C.C. 40 Hogen] August 8 ; proved September 13, 1536. 



John Bychemond, 
ArmoJirer 



[Elected S. 1541] vice Choppyn 



. . Billingsgate, 
1536, 
Tower, 1537 
Auditor 1537-9 ; Master Armourers 1647-3. Died July 27, 1559 ; Will [P.C.C. SB Chayney] 
July 20; proved August 19, 1559. 



1536, Nov. 7 Balph Aleyn, Grocer 



(see 1538) 



. . vice Ghoppyn 



1536, Nov. 9 
(16) 



1536,Nov.l6 
(and sworn) 



1536, Bee. 12 



Hknbt Hdbbbthokn, 
Merchant Taylor 



Farringdon . . 
Within, 
1536-7, 
Bread Street, 
1537-56 



S. 1542-3, 
M. 1546-7 



vice Colyns 



Knighted February 6, 1547 ; Auditor 1536. Died October, 1566; Will [P.C.C. 19 
Ketchyn] October 12 ; proved October 28, 1556. 



(d*)^Martin Bowes, 
Goldsmith 



Aldgate, . . S. 1540-1, . . vice Milborne 

1536-40, M. 1545-6 

Castle Bay- 

nard, 1540-2, 

Farringdon 

Within, 

1542-5, 

Langbourn, 

1545-66 
Knighted March 18, 1541 ; M.P.Londonl547-52, 1663, 1564 (6£s), 1655, 1559; Auditor 
1636 ; Treasurer St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1647 ; Comptroller-General Hospitals 
1557-66; Master Mint 1533-44; Under-Treasurer Mint 1644-51; Prime Warden 
Goldsmiths 1659-62. Died August 4, 1566; Will [P.C.C. 3 Stonarde] cod. 
July 29, 1666 ; proved January 21, 1567. 

Richard, Osborne, Grocer Billingsgate, vice Choppyn 

1536 
Auditor 1533-4, 1635-7. Died 1544 ; Will [P.C.C. 9 Pynning] March 8; proved June 17, 
1644. 



37. Only one of his Wards— the last-is given in the D.N.B.; the grotesque perversion of Lime 
Street' into 'Dimehouse' is corrected in the new issue, as also are the errors of making Sir T. White 
the founder of St. John's College, Cambridge (!), and representing Laxton as childless. 

88. The (otherwise excellent) article in D.N.B. overlooks the fact of his having 
been M.P. for London, and by using the civil computation for the date of his will, makes 
the period between its execution and probate appear to be a year longer than it was m fact. 

89. In the D.N. B. article no one of the four Wards for which he served is given ; his 
last election as M.P. is omitted, and the date of death, though not devoid of authority, 
is almost certainly a month too late. 



30 Chronological List of Aldermen. 



1536, Dec. 14 Henby Amootts (or .. Billingsgate, .. S. 1542-3, .. vice Choppyn 
(Apr.17,1537) Hamcotts), 1536-54 M. 1548-9 

Stoclcfishincmger 

Knighted December 2, 1548 (or Maroli 3, 1549). Diea September 6, 1654; 
Will [P.C.C. 9 More] May 28; proved September 27, 1654. 

1537, Dec. 11 John Rychemond, .. (sea 1536) .. .. .. .. vice Monmouth 

Armourer 

1537, Dec. 11 Bohert Lease ( or Lees) ,. . Farringdon .. .. .. .. vice Mundy 

Merchant Taylor Within, 1537 

Died c April, 1533 ; Will [P.C.C. 17 Dyngeley] April 11 ; proved May 25, 1538. 

1538, Jan. 15 John Tolos, Clothworker Tower, 1538-42, S. 1548-4 . . vice Monmouth 

(24) Bishopsgate, 

1542-8 
Master Clothworkers 1538. Died 1.543 ; Will [P.C.C. 19 Populwell] August 10 ; proved 
December 12, 1548. 

1538, Jan. S4 Henry Averell, Goldsmith Portsohen, .. .. .. ,. vice Hancock 

1538^0 
Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1639. Died 1540; Will [P.C.C. 21 Alenger] September 4, 
1540 ; proved January 22, 1641. 

1533, Feb. 7 John Sadler, Draper .. Farringdon .. vice Mundy 

(21) Within, 

1538-42, 
Coleman Street, 
1542-6 
Master Drapers 1538-9, 1542-3, 1544-5, 1546-7, 1549-60, 1651-2, 1554-5. Sied c 1560 ; Will 
[P.C.C. 49 Mellershe] June 28, 1569; proved October 21, 16C0. 

1538, Sept. 26 Ralph Aleyn, Grocer .. Aldersgate, . 8. 1545-6 .. vice Long 
(Oct. 21) 1534, 1536, 

Billingsgate, 
1536, 

Queenhithe, 
1538-47 
Auditor 1622-4, 1638; Master Grocers 1639-41, 1642-3, 1644-5. Died c January, 1547; 
Will [P.C.C. 28 Aleyn] January 19, 1542; proved February 12, 1547. 

1538, Oct. 22 JohnWylford, .. Portsoken, .. S. 1544-5 .. vice Hancock 

Merchant Taylor 1538-42, 

Broad Street, 
1542-50 
Died c February, 1561; Will [P.C.C. 9 Buoke] February 4; proved March 23, 1651. 

1539, Oct. 21 Thomas Lewen, .. Walbrook, .. S. 1537-8 .. vice Asoue 
(and sworn) Ironmonger 1539-46 

Died June 29, 1665 ; Will [P.C.C. 30 More] April 20 ; proved July 8, 1566. 

1540, Oct. 25 (d)^iSib John Gbesham, Aldgate, 1540-7, S. 1587-8, . . vice Kytson 
(Nov. 9) Mercer Dowgate, M. 1547-8 

1547-58, 

Bassishaw, 

1553-6 

Knighted October 18, 1537 ; Master Mercers 1538, 1546, 1553, 1566. Died October 
23,1556; Will [P.C.C. 28 Ketohyn] September 18, 1654; proved November 26, 1566. 

1541, July 12 ^*Andbew JuDDB, .. Farringdon .. S. 1544-5, .. vice Monoux 

(19) Skinner Without, M. 1550-1 

1541-4, 
Bridge, 
1544-58 
Knighted February 15, 1551; Treasurer ?t. Bartholomew's Hospital 1547-8; 
Surveyor-General Hospitals 1557-8 ; Master Skinners 1533, 1638, 1542, 1547, 1551, 
1655. Died September 4, 1558 ; Will [P.C.C. 69 Noodes] September 2 ; proved 
October 16, 1568. 

40. The Aldermanry of Portsoken, previously held ex officio by the Prior of Holy 
Trinity, Aldgate, had remained vacant since the dissolution of the Priory in 1532. 

41. The names of his Wards are omitted in the D.N.B. article. 

41.* There is no notice of Sir A. Judde in the D.N.B., to a place in which the founder 
of the great school at Tonbridge is assuredly entitled. 



Chbonological List of Aldermen. 



81 



1542, Jan. 26 Thomas Blanke, .. Bishopsgate, 

(31) Haberdasher 1542 



. . vice Pagett 



Died November 28, 1563; Will [P.C.C. 3D Chayre] cod. September 6; proved 
December 23, 1668. 



1542, Sept. 14 Eiohabd Dobbys, 
(and sworn) Skinnsr 



Tower, 1542-56 S. 1543-4, 
M. 1551-2 



vice Blanke 



Knighted May 8, 1552; Master Skinners 1543, 1548, 1660, 1654. Died May 13, 
1656 ; Will [P.C.C. 8 Ketchyn] May 11 ; proved June 15, 1666. 

1542, Nov. 9 (d)^2Sij( Ro^j^^jjjj Ujr^i,^ Castle Baynard, S. 1541-2, . . vice Denham 
(and sworn) Mercer 1542-6, M. 1549-50 

Walbrook, 

1546-61 

Knighted May 18, 1542; m.P. London 1553: President Bethlem and Bridewell 
1567-8, 1659-61 ; Surveyor-General Hospitals 1558-61 ; Master Mercers 1543, 1560, 
1566, 1661. Died October 28, 1561 ; Will [P.C.C. 33 Loftes] November 12, 1660; 
proved November 7, 1661. 



1542, Deo. 7 George Barne, 
(19) Haberdasher 



.. Portsoken, .. S. 1545-6, .. vice Hollyes 
1542-6, M. 1552-3 

Coleman 
Street, 
1546-58 

Knighted April 11, 1553. Died February 18, 1558; Will [P.C.C. 18 Noodes] 
February 15 ; proved March 21, 1658. 



1543, June 5 Eiohard Gerveys, Mercer Aldersgate, 
(and sworn) 1543-9, 

Bassishaw, 
1549-53 



S. 1546-7 



vice Dauntsey 



Master Mercers 1644, 1561. Will [P.C.C. 4 Wrastley] December 27, 1555; proved 
February 7, 1657. 



1544,Mar. 13 Richard Kede, Salter 
(and sworn) 



Farringdon . . . . . . . . vice Spencer 

Without, 
1544-6 
Auditor 1538-40. Died 1550; Will [P.C.C. 27 Coode] September 7 ; proved November 
14, 1550. 



1544,.Tunel7 (d')^3Thomas Whttb, Cornhill, .. S. 1547-8, .. vice Bowyer 
(18) Merchant Taylor 1544-67 M. 1553-4 

Knighted 1553 ; Provost St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1561-2 (Treasurer 1649-60) 
Surveyor-Genera! Hospitals 1662-6; Comptroller-General Hospitals 1566-7 
Auditor 1542-4; Master Merchant Taylors 1535-6. Died February 11 or 12, 1567 
Will [P.C.C. 36 Stonarde] November 8, 1566 ; proved December 21, 1667. 

1545,Sept.l7 Robert Chertsey, Mercer Farringdon .. S. 1547-8 . . vice Sir J. Aleyn 
(Oct. 5) Within, 

1545-51 

Master Mercers 1647. Died 1555; Will [P.C.C. 33 More] April 1; proved October 
9, 1565. 

1545, Oct. 20 William Lok, ilfercer . . Vintry, 1,545-50 S. 1548-9 .. vice Dormer 

(22) [Elected S. 1626] 

Knighted March 3, 1549 ; Master Mercers 1548. Died August 24, 1650 ; Will 
[P.C.C. 20 Coode] March 15 ; proved September 11, 1550. • 



42. In the D.N.B. article the day, month, and year of removal to Walbrook Ward 
are all incorrect, although the correct reference to the rolume and folio in the Otdldhall 
records is given. (' Nusquam tuta fides.' D.N.B ' authorities ' need personal verification, 
and cannot safely be taken on trust.) The date of koighthood is only tentatively 
suggested, and unwarranted doubt is raised as to the fact of his election as M.P. , for 
which there is evidence in the Guildhall records. 

43. The strange statement that he was the nmth Alderman of CornhilJ, which appears in the 
original edition of S.N.B. is omitted from the new issue, iu which some further trifimg ooneotions 
are made. The article, thus corrected, is an admirable one, worthy of its author. (In the appended 
bibliogtaphy Dr. E. R. Sharpe is erroneously described as ' Librarian of the Lruuanaii. 



32 Cheonological List of Aldermen. 



1516,Apr. 13 Augustine Hynde, .. Farriugdou .. S. 1550-1 .. vice Eede 
(15) Clothworker Without, 

1546-7, 
Cripplegate, 
1647-54 

Master Clothworkers 1645. Died August 10, 1554; Will [P.C.C. 6 More] June 23; 
proved August 16, 1554. 

1.546,Apr. 15 Eichard Turke, . . .. Castle Baynard, S. 1549-50 .. vice Lewen 
(and sworn) Fishmonger 1546-52 

Auditor 1545 6. Died October, 1552 ; Will [P.C.C. 28 Powell] October 7 ; proved October 
25, 1552. 

1546, May 13 Henry Goodyere, .. Portsoken, .. .. .. .. vice Sadler 

(25) Leatherseller 1546-9 

Died c October, 1666 (buried November 3); Will [P.C.C. 25 Ketchyn] June 26; 
proved December 14, 1556. 

1547, Mar. 1 John Lyon, Orocer . . Queenhithe, . . S. 1550-1, . . vice R. Aleyn 
(and sworn) 1547-64 M. 1554-5 

Knighted January 27, 1555 ; President St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1667-9 ; Master 
Grocers 1547-8, 1649-60, 1553-4, 1668 9. Died September 8, 1564 ; Will [P.C.C, 
3 Morrison] September 4, 1564 ; proved January 8, 1665. 

1547, Mar. 10 John Lambarde, .. Farringdon .. S. 1551-2 .. vice Forman 

(15) (or Lamberd) Draper Without, 

1647-9, 
Aldersgate, 
1549-54 

Master Drapers 1547-8, 1650-1, 1652-3. Died August 4, 1564; Will [P C C 6 Morpl 
March 21, 1553 ; proved August 10, 1554. i. ■ ■ . u cj 

1547,Mar.23 John Usshe, Founder Aldgate, 1547 vice Cotes 

(April 21) 

1547, Apr. 26 William Gabrabde, .. Aldgate, .. S. 1552-3, .. vice Usshe 

(May 10) Baberdasher 1547-50, M. 1555-6 

Broad Street, 
1550-6, 
Lime Street, 
1556-71 

Knighted before February 28, 1556; M.P. London 1557-8 ; President Bethlem 

and Bridewell 1568-9; President St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1569-71 (Treasurer 

1648-9); Surveyor-General Hospitals 1566-7; Comptroller-General Hospitals 

1667-71. Died September 27, 1571; Will [P.C.C. 8 Daper] April 15, 1870; proved 

» January 12, 1572. 

1548, Oct. 22 David Woodrofie, . . Bishopsgate, . . S. 1554-5 . . vice Tolos 
(Nov. 6) Haberdasher 1548-60 

Died March 24, 1563; Will [P.C.C. 21 Ohayre] June 26, 1560; proved May 22, 1563. 

1549,Mar.26 Stephen Kyrton, .. Cheap, 1549-53 vice 

(April 2) Merchant Taylor Sir R Gresham 

Master Merchant Taylors 1642-3. Died August, 1563 ; Will [P.C.C. 17 Tashel Februarv 
1, 1562; proved August 9, 1563. ' 



1550, June 3 
(and sworn) 

1550,Sept.l6 

(on or before 

25) 



1550,Sept.23 
(and sworn) 



1551, Apr. 23 
(28) 



Cheonoloqical List of Aldeembn. 



33 



1549, July 18 
(20) 



1549, Oct. 22 
(Nov. 7) 



1550, May 20 
(28) 



(d)^*Thomas Ofpley, 
Merchant Taylor 



Portsoken, . . S. 1553-4, . . vice Goodyere 
1549-50, M. 1556-7 

Aldgate, 
1550-82 

Kuigbted February 7,1557; President Christ's Hospital 1563 (? 1B59) 82«*; 
Sarveyor-General Hospitals 1567-72; Comptroller-General Hospitals 1672-82; 
Master Merchant Taylors 1647-8. Died August 29, 16S2; Will [P.O.C. 39 
Tirwhitt] August 5, 1580; proved August 24, 1582. 



Christopher Aleyn, 
Mercer 

Died February, 1656 

Sir John Ayliffe, 
Barber- Surgeon , trans- 
lated to Grocers 
July 17, 1550 



. . Farringdon . . 
Without, 
1549-50 
Will [P.C.C. 41 More] January 



vice Boche 



il ; proved February 22, 1556. 



^^Bridge 
Without, 
1550-3, 
Dowgate, 
1558-6 



S. 1548-9 



(additional) 



Knighted March 8, 1549 ; Sergeant-Surgeon to Henry VIII. ; Provost (1652-3) 
and President (1553-6) St. Bartholomew's Hospital ; Master Barber-Surgeons 1638 ; 
Master Grocers 1651-2, 1566. Died October, 1556 ; Will [P.O.C. 26 Ketchyn] 
September 27; proved December 2i, 1656. 



Lawrence Wythers, 
Salter 
M.P. London 1563 7 ; 



. . Portsoken, vice Wylford 

1550-6 
President St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1556 7. Died c 1573. 



(d) ^s William Hewet, . . 
Clothworker 



S. 

M. 



1553-4, 
1559-60 



vice Lok 



Vintry, 1550-3, 
Candlewick, 
1553-67 

Knighted January 21, 1560 ; Auditor 1549-50; President St. Thomas' Hospital 
1660-7 ; Master Clothworkers 1548. Died January 25, 1667 ; Will [P.C.C. 9 Stonarde] 
January 3 ; proved March 11, 1567. 



William Robyns, Mercer 



Farringdon 
Without. 
1550-2 



Master Mercers 1652. Died December 30, 1562 ; 
1549 ; proved February 7, 1553. 

Thomas Cubtes, . . Farringdon . . 

Pewterer, translated to Within, 

Fishmongers Sept. 22, 1551-9 
1556 



[Elected S. 1626] vice Aleyn 



Will [P.C.C. 3 Tashe] September 9, 



S. 
M. 



1546-7, 

1557-8 



vice Chertsey 



Knighted before Februarys, 1558; M.P. London 1517-61; Auditor 1539-40; 
President St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1565-6 ; Master Pewterers 1538, 1539, 1645, 
1646. Died November 27, 1569. 



44. In the D.N.B. article, while Portsoken, of which he was Alderman for less than 
one year, is mentioned, Aldgate, which he represented for 32 years, is omitted. His 
19 years' Presidency of Christ's Hospital is not recorded. The suggested identity 
of his master and his father-in-law, which is quite obvious, need not have been 
expressed doubtfully : it is clearly established by the lug. Post Mort. on NichyUs. 

44.'* The dates assigned to the Presidents and Treasurers of Christ's Hospital in the 
Rev. E. H. Pearoe's 'Annals of Christ's Hospital' (a most interesting and valuable book) 
cannot, in all cases, be accepted as strictly accurate. Some, as in this instance, are 
absolutely erroneous, and in others the obsolete reckoning by which January to March 
is counted as the end of the year has been adopted without explanation and apparently 
without due observation. The dates for such appointments given in this work have 
been verified in every instance by reference to the Court Books, and in the few early 
cases where these fail to supply them, to the City records. 

45. The first election for the Ward of Bridge Without. 

46. The date of removal to Candlewick, as given in D.Jf.B., is quite incorrect, 
although (as in the similar instance of Sir R. Hill in an article by the same writer), 
the correct reference to the GuildhallRecordsisgiven (seeNote42p. 31). Thegrotesque 
arrangement of the sentences makes it appear that the execution of Lady Jane Grey took 
place in 1553 and that the bequest of the crown to her by Edward VI. was made later, 
after she had ceased to possess a head on which to wear it ! 



34 Chronological List op Aldermen. 



1552, Oct. 27 


(d) <" Thomas Leigh, . . Castle Baynard, S. 1555-6, . . vice Turke 




Mercer 1552-6, M. 1558-9 




Broad Street, 




1556-8, 




Coleman 




Street, 




1558-71 




Knighted before February 9, 1569 ; Master Mercers 1664, 1669, 1664, 1669. Died 




November 17, 1671; Will [P.C.C. 48 Holney] December 20, 1570; proved 




December 14, 1671. 


1553, Jan. 17 


(d*) ^William Ghestek, Farringdou . . S. 1554-5, . . vice Robyns 


(19) 


Draper Without, M. 1560-1 



1553-6, 

Billingsgate, 

1556-9, 

Bassishaw, 

1559-66, 

Langbourn, 

1566-73 
Knighted February 7, 1557 ; M.P. London 1663-7 ;PreBident St. Thomas' Hospital 
1566-60, 1668-71; President Bethlem and Bridewell 1664-8; Master Drapers 1668-4, 
1656-7, 1569-60, 1567-8, 1668-9. Died e 1595 : adm. May 13, 1696. 

15o3,July20 John Maohell, .. .. Vintry, 1553-6, S. 1555-6 .. vice Warren 

(and sworn) Clothwcrker Bassishaw, 

1556-8 
Auditor 1661-S; Master Clothworkers 1547. Diedc August, 1668 ; Will [P.C.C. 66 Noodes] 
cod. August 4: adm. October 10, 1558. 

1553,Aug.23 (d) 'li'THOMAS Lodge, .. Cheap, 1553-66 S. 1559-60, . . vice Kyrton 
(Oct. 24) Grocer M. 1562-3 

[Elected S. 1653] 
Knighted March 8, 1563; President St. Thomas' Hospital 1560-1; Master Grocers 
1 554-5, 1559-60 ; Governor Russia Company. Died February, 1584 ; Will [P.C.C. 29 
Brudenell] December 14, 1583 ; proved June 7, 1585. 

1553, Nov. 14 (d) soWiLLiAM Haepeb, Bridge .. S. 1556-7, .. vice Gerveys 

(16) Merchant Taylor Without, M. 1561-2 

1553-6, 
Dowgate, 
1556-74 

Knighted February 15, 1562; Treasurer St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1562-3; 
Master Merchant Taylors 1653-4. Died February 27, 1574 ; Will [P.C.C. 14 Martyn] 
October 27, 1578; proved April 6, 1574. 

1554, Aug. 30 Henry Herdson, S7tinn«r Aldersgate vice Lambarde 

(Sept. 6) • 1554-5 

Master Skinners 1662. Died December, 1656 ; Will [P.C.C. 38 More] December 16, 1655 ; 
proved January 10, 1556. 

1554, Aug. 30 John Whytb, Grocer .. Oripplegate, .. S. 1556-7, .. vice Hynde 
(Sept. 20) 1554-8, M. 1563-4 

Broad Street, [Elected S. 1653] 

1558-67, 

Cornhill, 

1567-73 

Knighted before January 25, 1564 ; M.P. London 1566-7,1571-2; Auditor 1554; 
Treasurer St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1549; President Bethlem and Bridewell 
1568-73 ; Surveyor-General Hospitals 1572-3 ; Master Grocers 1655-6, 1660-1. Died 
June 9, 1573 ; Will [P.C.C. 40 Peter] May 29 ; proved August 20, 1673. 

47. The article in D.N.B. is a very good one, full and free from obvious inaccuracies. 

48. He was certainly not, as D.N.B. suggests, identical with his Bristol namesalie, 
who was Mayor of and M.P. for that city, and died unknighted. Only-one year's Master- 
ship of the Drapers is assigned to him, although he was elected five times. Only one of 
his four Wards is named in the original article : the others are supplied in the new 
issue with a wrong date for the last, though the correct date had been supplied to the 
Editor and printed in the Errata volume. The date of the burning of Saunders is 
misprinted. 

49. Date of Shrievalty in D.N.B. wrong by three years, although it is followed by a reference to 
p. 205 of Machyn's Diary, where the true date is accurately recorded. 

50. The year of his election to the Shrievalty is wrongly given in D.N.B. : that of his 
death is according to the obsolete reckoning of the Civil year, and so misleading. 



Cheonological List of Aldermen. 85 

1554, Sejat.27 Vincent Randall, Mercer Billingsgate, vice Amcotts 

lS5i 
Died 1577 ; Will [P.C.C. 25 Daughtry] proved June 17, 1677. 

1555, Feb. 7 Richard Buttle Billingsgate vice Amcotts 

Merchant Taylor 1555 

Auditor 1550-2. 

1555, Feb. 14 John Lo wen, Draper .. Billingsgate vice Amcotts 

(on or before 1555 

Apr. 30) 

Master Drapers 1555-6, 1558-9. Died August 31, 1559; WiU [P.C.C. 45 Chayney] 
October 10, 1557; proved October 24, 1559. 

1556, Jan. 16 James Altham Aldersgate, . . S. 1557-8 . . vice Herdson 

(21) Clothioorker 1556-61 

Sheriff Essex 1570-1. Will [P.C.C. 16 Eowe] December 17, 1582; proved March 9, 
1583. 

1556, Jan. 30 Eichakd Maloeye, . . Farringdon . . S. 1557-8, . . vice Lowen 
(and svforn) Mercer Without, M. 1564-5 

1556-60, 
Vintry, 
1560-7 
Knighted February 18, 1565; Treasurer St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1554-5 ; 
Master Mercers 1557, 1662, 1565. Died March, 1567; Will [P.C.C. 9 Stonarde] 
June 16, 1566; proved March 27, 1567. 

1556,Jime25 Johfi Hawes (or Halse), Tower, . . S. 1558-9 . . vice Bobbys 

(Aug. 7) Clothworker 1556-65 

Master Clothworkers 1546. Died c 1673; Will [P.C.C. 17 Martyn] August 10, 1673; 
adm. May 1, 1674. 

15-56 Sept 24 Richard Champyon, .. Castle Baynard, S. 1558-9, .. vice Laxton 
(Oct. 8J Draper 1556-65, M. 1565-6 

Tower, 
1565-8 
Knighted February 17, 1566; Master Drapers 1657-8, 1660-1,1668. Died October 
30, 1568; Will [P.C.C. 23 Babyngton] October 22; proved November 22, 1668. 

1556, Oct. 15 Christophee Dkapbb, Cordwainer, . . S. 1560-1, . . vice Champneys 
(27) Ironmonger 1556-81 M. 1566-7 

Knighted February 16, 1567 ; Surveyor-General Hospitals 1673-81; Master Iron- 
mongers 1657, 1562, 1564, 1567, 1671, 1575, 1579, 1680. Died May 8, 1681; Will 
[P.C.C. 22 Daroy] July 21, 1680: proved June 8, 1581. 

15.56, Oct.|2 ROGER MARTYN, M-..o.r Bread^St^reet, 8^1559-60, • • vi- ^^^^^^^^^ 

Knighted March 14, 1568 ; Master Mercers 1568, 1673. Died December 20, 1673; 
Will [P.CC. 1 Martyn] September 8, 1673; proved January 28, 1574. 

1556,Nov.l2 Ralph Greneway, Grocer Bridge vice Ayliff 

(and sworn) Without. 

Master Grocers 1567-8. Died May, 1568 ; Will [P.C.C. 80 Noodes] May 3 ; proved June 
27, 1558. 
15.56, Dec. 1 Richard Foulkes. .. Vintry .. C^^-'^d S. 1560, .. vice Sir^^^^^ 

(Jan. 19, Clothworker i5&ci-DU 

^ ^^'^' Master Clothworkers 1560. Died . November, 1670 ; Will [P.C.C. 38 Lyon] October 

22; proved December 11, 1570. 

1557,June22 Thomas Bowe, .. Portsoken, .. s^ 1560 1, . . vice Wythers 

(jAly20) Merchant Tayl^ MshSgate, 

1560-70 

1569; proved October 31, 1670. 



36 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 



1558,Mar.31 
(April 10) 



AtEXANDEB AVENON, 

Ironmonger 



1558, May 10 

1558, June 21 
(and sworn) 



]558,Sept.27 
(on or before 
Oct. 6) 



1558, Sejpt.S? 



1559, Jan. 19 
(24) 



1560, Jan. 9 
(and sworn) 



1560, Jan. 25 
(and sworn) 

1560, Sept.l9 
(Oct. 8) 



Cripplegate, .. S. 1561-2, .. vice Barne 
1558-66, M. 1569-70 

Farringdon 
Within, 
1566-78, 
Bread Street, 
1578-80 

Knighted (before June 8) 1570 ; Treasurer St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1555-6 
President St. Thomas' Hospital 1571-3; President Bethlem and Bridewell 1573-80 
Master Ironmongers 1559, 1560, 1563, 1566, 1568, 1670, 1574, 1578. Died c July, 1580 
adm. September 23, 1680. 



William Alleyn (or 
Allen), Leather seller 



(see 1559) 



S. 1551-2 



vice Greneicay 
vice Greneway 



John Cowper Bridge 

Fishmonger Without, 

1558-67, 
Queenhithe, 
1567-70 
(?) M.P. Steyning 1572. Died August, 1584; Will [P.C.C. 23 Watson] August 4; 
proved August 18, 1684. 

Humphrey Baskerfeld Bridge, . . S. 1561-2 . . vice Judde 

(or Baskerville), 1558-64 

Mercer 

Auditor 1558; Master Mercers 1560. Died February, 1564; Will [P.C.C. 9 Stevenson] 
September 1, 1663; adm. March 14, 1664. 

Thomas Wylkes, .. Bassishaw, .. [Elected S. 1561] . . vice Machell 

Haberdasher 1558 

Died January, 1569; Will [P.C.C. 40 Welles] August 18, 1658; proved February 6, 1659. 

WiLDiAM Alleyn (or Bridge Without, S. 1562-3, . . vice Machell 
Allen), Leatherseller, 1558, M. 1571-2 

admitted a Mercer •-, Billingsgate, 

1564 1559-64, 

Bridge, 

1564-86 

Knighted (before February 4) 1572; President St. Thomas' Hospital 1573-80; 
Surveyor-General Hospitals 1682-6 ; Master Leathersellers 1558-9 ; Mercers 1666, 
1671, 1677, 1583. Died May, 1586. 

Richard Chamberlyn . . Farringdon . . S. 1562-3 . . vice Gurtes 
(or Chamberlain), Within, 

Ironmonger 1560-6 

Auditor 1658-60 ; Master Ironmongers 1565. Died November 19, 1566 ; Will [P.C.C. 7 
Stonarde] October 18, 1563 ; proved February 20, 1567. 

Edward Bankes, . . Portsoken, . . S. 1563-4 . . vice Woodrofie 

Haberdasher 1560-6 

Died July 11, 1566; Will [P.C.C. 26 Crymes] June 18; proved October 19, 1566. 



EOWLAND HeYWAED, 

ClothworJcer 



vice Foulkes 



Farringdon .. S. 1563-4, 

Without, M. 1570-1, 

1560-4, 1591 

Queenhithe, 

1564-6, 

Cripplegate, 

1566-71, 

Lime Street, 

1571-93 
Knighted (before May 3) 1571 ; M.P. London 1572-83 ; Auditor 1556-8; Presid nt 
Bethlem and Bridewell 1561-3; President St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1572-93; 
Master Clothworkers 1569; Surveyor-General Hospitals 1580.2; Comptroller- 
General Hospitals 1682-93. Died December 5, 1693 ; Will [P.C.C. 24 Dixvl 
Novembers, 1692; proved March 4, 1594. 

1561, Aug. 1 Edward Gylbert, . . Aldersgate vice Altham 

(20) Goldsmith 1561-4 

President Bethlem and Bridewell 1563-4; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1562. Died 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 37 

1561, Deo. 2 Edward Jakman, Grocer Walbrook, . . S. 1564-5 . . vice Hill 
{and sworn) 1561-9 

Died September, 1669 ; Will [P.C.C. 3 Lyon] cod. September 24, 1669 ; proved February 
5, 1570. 

1564, Mar. 9 Ricliard Lamberd (or Billingsgate, . . S. 1566-7 . . vice Baskerfeld 
(16) Lambert), Grocer 1564-6, 

Bassishaw, 
1566-7 
Died April 4, 1567; Will [P.C.C. 36 Stonarde] March 81; profed September 16, 1567. 

1564, Oct. 5 William Beswioke, . . Parringdon vice Lyon 

(and sworn) Draper Without, 

1564-5 
Died May 5, 1567 ; Will [P.C.C. 14 Stonarde] April 14; proved May 31, 1567. 

1564, Deo. 5 Lionel Duckbtt, M«rcer Aldersgate, .. S. 1564-5, .. vice Gylbert 
(and sworn) 1564-7, M. 1572-3 

Bassishaw, 

1567-87 
Knighted February 2, 1573; Auditor 1559-61; elected President St. Thomas' 
Hospital 1573 ; President Bethlem and Bridewell 1580-6 ; Master Mercers 1667, 
1572,1578, 1584. Died July, 1687; Will [P.C.C. 9 Rutland] July 9,1587; proved 
February 20, 1588. 

1565, Aug. 80 John Ryvebs, Grocer . . Farringdon . . S. 1565-6, . . vice Beswicke 
(and sworn) Without, M. 1573-4 

1565-8, 

Broad Street, 
1568-74, 
Walbrook, 
1574-84 

Knighted May 2, 1574 ; President St. Thomas' Hospital 1580-4. Died c March, 
1584 ; WUl [P.C.C. 37 Butts] January 31 ; proved April 10, 1684. 

1565, Oct. 25 James Hawes Castle Baynard, S. 1565-6, .. vice 

(and sworn) Clothworher 1565-73, M. 1574-5 John Hawes 

CornhiU, 
1573-82 
Knighted (before June 11), 1575 ; Master Clothworkers 1561. Died September, 
158'.i (buried September 13). 

1566, Sept. 3 Ambbose Nicholas, .. Portsoken, .. S. 1566-7, . . vice Bankes 
(and sworn) SalUr 1566-9, M. 1575-6 

^ Walbrook, 

1569-74, 
Bread Street, 
1574-8 
Kniahted February 19, 1576 ; Auditor 1564-6; Treasurer St. Bartholomew's Hospital 
1669-61, 1562-6. Died May, 1578 ; Will [P.C.C. 22 Langley] April 30 ; proved May 31, 
1578. 

1566, Oct. 8 John Langltsy, .. Billingsgate,.. S. 1567, ..vice Bowes 

(on or be- Goldsmith 1566-70, M. 1576-7 

fore 22) Queenhithe, 

1570-3, 
Langbourn, 
1578-8 
Knighted March 15, 1577 ; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1577. Died January, 1578 ; 
Will [P.C.C. 1 Langley] cod. January 1 ; proved January 25, 1678. 

1566, Dec. 12 Thomas Eamsby, Grocer Cheap, 1566-88, S 1567-8, ..vice Lodge 
(and sworn) Cornhill, M. 1577-8 

^^e^a^^S6^0.^^LkS^?in^ri;^.?C^J^^.'i^^'^"^^ 
1585 ; proved May 29, 1690. 



38 Chronological List of Aldeemen. 



1567, Jan. 23 Henry Beeolier Bridge . . S. 1569-70 . . vice 

(30) Haberdasher Without, Chamberlyn 

1567-71 
Died January 15, 1571; Will [P.0.0. 10 Holney] cod. December 8, 1570; proved 
February 3, 1671. 

1567, Feb. 18 William Bonde Candlewick, .. S. 1.567-8 .. vice Hewet 

(and sworn) Haberdasher 1567-76 

Auditor 1566-7. Died May 31, 1676; Will [P.C.C. 26 Carew] cod. May 30; proved 
September 20, 1676. 

1567, Mar. 6 Robert Hardyng, Salter Broad Street, . . S. 1568 . . vice 

(and sworn) 1567-8 Sir T. Whyte 

[Elected S. 1664.] 
Auditor 1568-60. Died November 26, 1668 ; Will [P.C.C. 26 Bablngton] November 20. ' 
proved December 3, 1568. 

1567, Apr. 15 John Oliff, Merchant . . Vintry, 1567-77 S. 1568-9 . . vice Malorye 
(17) Taylor 

Master Merchant Taylors 1564-5. Died Jane 26, 1577; Will [P.C.C. 29 Daughtrey] 
November 16, 1674 ; proved July 14, 1577. 

1567, Apr. 24 James Bacon Aldersgate, . . S. 1568-9 . . vice Lamberd 

(and sworn) Fishmonger 1567-73 

Treasurer St. Thomas' Hospital 1662-7. Died June 6, 1673 ; Will [P.C.C. 28 Peter] 
April 27 ; proved October 2, 1678. 

1568, Nov. 23 William Dane, Iron- .. Tower, 1568-73 S. 1569-70 .. vice Champyon 
(and sworn) monger 

Master Ironmongers 1569, 1673. Died September 6, 1673; Will [P.C.C. 29 Peter] 
September 7, 1563 ; proved September 28, 1573. 

1568, Dec. 14 sijt'ranois Barnham (or. . Parringdon .. S. 1570-1 .. vice Hardyng 

(16) Barnam), Draper Without, 

1568-73, 
Tower, 1573-6 
Treasurer St. Thomas' Hospital 1667-9 ; Master Drapers 1668-9, 1671-2. Died May 10, 
1576; Will [P.C.C. 10 Carew] cod. April 1, proved May 12, 1576. 

1569, Oct. 11 Philip Gunter, S/cmncr Portsoken, 1569 vicejakman 

(and sworn) 

Master Skinners 1556, 1559, 1562, 1666, 1668, 1575, 1679, 1682. Died February 15, 1633 ; 
Will [P.C.C. 8 Eowe] January 8; proved February 19, 1683. 

1569, Nov. 15 Henry Mylles, Grocer . . Portsoken, . . S. 1571-2 . . vice Guuter 
(22) 1569-74 

Auditor 1667-9; Master Grocers 1562-3. Died January 22, 1674; Will [P.C.C. 15 
Martyn] January 16 ; proved April 26, 1674. 

1570,Sept.26 Eichabd Pype, Leather- Bishopsgate, . . S. 1572-8, . . vice Rowe 
(Oct. 5) seller, translated to 1570-87 M. 1578-9 

Drainers October 2, 
1571 

Knighted before February 11, 1579 ; Master Leathersellers 1566-7 ; Drapers 
1573-4, 1577 8,1681-2 Died September, 1687 ; Will [P.C.C. 66 Spencer] June 22; 
proved November 4, 1587. 

1570, Deo. 14 William Boxe, Grocer . . Billingsgate, .. S. 1570-1 .. vice Cowper 
(and sworn) 1570-81 

Treasurer Bethlem and Bridewell 1660-3 ; Master (grocers 1666-7. * 

1571, Feb. 8 Nicholas Woodboffb, Bridge . . S. 1572-3, . . vice Beeoher 

(and sworn) Haberdasher Without, M. 1579-80 

1571-4, 
Dowgate, 
1574-88 

Knighted February 7, 1580 ; M.P. London 15S4-6 ; President St. Thomas' 
Hospital 1684-6 (Treasurer 1569-71) ; Master Haberdashers 1585. Died May 18, 
1598 ; Will [P.C.C. 71 Lewyn] May 7, 1696 ; proved August 7, 1698. 

61. In an article on his son, Benedict, D.N.B. misdates the year of Francis Barnham's death. 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 



39 



1571, Nov. 6 
(and sworn) 



1571, Deo. 11 
(Jan. 8, 1572) 



1573, Feb. 26 
(March 5) 



1573,June23 
(25) 



1578, July 7 
(9) 



1573, Oct. G 
(and sworn) 



1574, Feb. i 
(and sworn) 



John Beanche, Draper Cripplegate, . . S. 1571-2 
1571-86 M. 1580-1 ' 



. . vice Garrarde 



^"ilvlf7.'«^:^"^f,Tr'^ ^\l .^.-'-.P-P-5 l«7.^-3, 1576-7, 1579-80,1683-4. Died 



1574, Feb. 16 
(and sworn) 



1574, April 1 
(July 1) 



July 24, 1588; Will [P.C.C. 55 R;urnarrure!o7prred'°s;V^^^^^^ 
James Habvye, .. Coleman Street, S. 1573-4 

Ironmonger 1571-8, M. 1581-2 

Langbourn, 
1578-83 

Knighted May 6, 1582 ; Auditor 1667-8; Master Ironmongers 1572, 1576,1680, 1582 • 
Died June, 1583 ; Will [P.C.C. 31 Eowe] April 29 ; proved July 5, 1683. ' 

Thomas Blankb, .. Queenhithe, 

Haberdasher 1573-82, 

Gornhill, 
1582-8 
■^■^Vi*^'®^ ?^*I-^^A^,^iL'^''?'^''5^''.l'?''s'^e"l«A2-3. Died October 28, 1688; Will 



S. 1574-5, 
M. 1582-3 



vice Leigh 



vice Chester 



[P.C.C. 5 Leicester] September 30, 1585 ; proved November 2, 1688. 

S. 1574-5 . . vice Bacon 



Anthony Gamage, 
Ironmonger 



Aldersgate, 
1573-9 



Auditor 1568-70; Master Ironmongers 1573, 1577. Died June 11, 1579 • Will TP C C 32 
Baljon] December 15, 1671; proved July 9, 1579. l ■ . . 



Vice 
Sir J. Whyte 



(d)52Edwaed Osbokne, Castle Baynard, S. 1575-6, 
Clothworker 1573-6, M. 1583-4' 

Caudle wick, 
1576-92 

Knighted February 2, 1584 ; m.P. London 1586-7 ; President St. Thomas' 
Hospital 1586-92 (Treasurer 1571-3); Surveyor-General Hospitals 1690-2; Governor 
Levant Company. Died February 4, 1592. 



S. 1573-4, . . vice Dawe 
M. 1584-5 



Thomas Pullyson, . . Farringdou 

Draper Without, 

1573-7, 

Vintry, 

1577-88 

Knighted February 14, 1585 ; President Bethlem and Bridewell 1586-8 ; Master 
Drapers 1574-5, 1578-9, 1582-3, 1586-7. 



(D*)53WoiiSTAN Dixie, 
Skinner . 



Broad Street, . . S. 1575-6, . . vice Martyn 
1574-93, M. 1585-6 

Bassishaw, 
1593-4 

Knighted February 6, 1386; Auditor 1572-4 ; President Bethlem and Bridewell 
1689 ; President Christ's Hospital 1590 4 ; Surveyor-General Hospitals 1692-4 : 
Master Skinners 1573, 1576, 1680, 1583, 1586, 1588, 1592. Died January 8, 1594 ; 
Will [P.C.C. 1 Dixy] cod. December 21, 1593; proved January 28, 1694. 



William Kympton, . . Portsoken, . . S. 1576-7 
Merchant Taylor 1574-80, 

Bread Street, 
1580-5 
Master Merchant Taylors 1570-1. 

Gerard Gore, . . . . Bridge 

Merchant Taylor Without, 

1574 
Master Merchant Taylors 1567-8. Died December 11, 1607 ; Will [P.C.C. 7 Windebank] 
December 19, 1602 ; proved January 16, 1608. 



vice Mylles 



vice Harper 



1574, Sept. 9 John Harryson, . . Bridge 

(and sworn) Goldsmith Without, 

1574 
Auditor 1663-5 ; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1564. 



vice Gore 



52. An otherwise satisfactory article in D.N.B. is marred by the unintelligent 
adoption of the obsolete Civil reckoning in the year-date of his death. 

53. The D.N.B. date of removal to Bassishaw, notwithstanding its affectation of 
punctilious accuracy (' 1591-2 '), is wrong by a year. 



40 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 



1574, Oct. 26 Geobgb Baene, .. Bridge .. S. 1576-7, .. vice 

(and sworn) Haberdasher Without, M. 1586-7 Harryson 

1574-6, 

Tower, 

1576-83, 

Langbourn, 

1583-7, 

Bassishaw, 

1587-93 

Knighted 1587 ; M.P. London 1588-9; Auditor 1574; President St. Tliomas' Hospital 
1592-8;' Master Haberdashers 1586-7. Died c January, 1693 ; Will [P.C.C. 1 NeweU] 
April 2, 1592 ; proTed January 20, 1693. 

1576, July 5 John Hardyng, Salter . . Tower, 1576 vice 

(and sworn) Barnham 

Died October, 1576 ; Will [P.C.C. 28 Carew] September 30 ; proved October 19, 1676. 



1576, July 12 
(Sept. 4) 



Francis Bowyer, Orocer Castle Bayuard, S. 1577-8 
1576-81 



vice Bonds 



Auditor 1569-71 ; Master Grocers 1675-6. Died June 14, 1581 ; Will rP.C.C. 27 Darey] 
July 27, 1580; proved July 3, 1681. 



1576, Oct. 19 
(28) 



1577, July 16 
(and sworn) 



Thomas Starkye, 
Skinner 



Bridge 
Without, 
1576-81, 
Cordwainer, 
1581-8 



S. 1578-9 



vice Hardyng 



Auditor 1671-3 ; Master Skinners 1574, 1578, 1581, 1584 ; Will [P.C.C. 3 Dixy] April 5, 
1592; proved January 22, 1594. 



Nicholas Backhouse, 
Orocer 



Parringdon 
Without, 
1577-80 



3. 1577-8 



vice Olifi 



Auditor 1670-2 ; Treasurer St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1576 7. Died June 12, 1680 ; 
Will [P.C.C. 26 Arundell] August 26, 1676; proved July 6, 1680. 

1578, Feb. 6 Georsb Bondb, .. Coleman Street, S. 1578-9, .. vice Langley 

(and sworn) Haberdasher 1578-84, M. 1587-8 

Walbrook, 
1584-92 

Knighted before February 20, 1588 ; Auditor 1574-6 ; President Bethlem and 
Bridewell 1688-9, 1689-92; Master Haberdashers 1687-8. Died c April, 1692; Will 
[P.C.C. 30 Harington] March 2; proved April 29, 1592. 

1578, May 29 (d)5^E.ichabd Mabtin,.. Parringdon .. S. 1581-2, .. vice Nicholas 

(and sworn) Goldsmith Within, M. 1589, 

1578-98, 1594 

Bread Street, [Elected S. 1678] 
1598-1602 

Knighted 1589 ; Auditor 1673-6 ; Master Mint 1681-1617 ; President Christ's 
Hospital 1594-1602 ; Comptroller-General Hospitals 1594-1602 ; Prime Warden 
Goldsmiths 1592-3. Died July, 1617 ; adm. August 19, 1617. 



1579, June 30 
(and sworn) 



Mabtin Calthobp, 
Draper 



Aldersgate, . . S. 1579-80, . . vice Gamage 
1579-88, M. 1588-9 

Cheap, 1588-9 

Knighted before March 6, 1589 ; Treasurer St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1672-3; 
Master Drapers 1580-1, 1584-6, 1587-8. Died May, 1589 ; Will [P.C.C. 48 Leicester] 
May 3; proved May 16, 1589. 



51. Neither of his Wards is named in D.N.B. The year of his election to the 
Presidency of Christ's Hospital is according to the obsolete computation. The date of his 
knighthood is assigned, with really delightful vagueness, to ' sometime between 1562 and 
1594 ' I 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 



41 



1580, June 23 John Haete, Grocer 
(and sworn) 



Parringdon . . S. 1579-80, . . vice Backhouse 
Without, M. 1589-90 

1580-2, 
Queenhithe, 
1582-90, 
Cornhill, 
1590-5, 
Lime Street, 
1595-1604 

Knighted before March 12, 1590; M.P. London 1692-3, 1597-8 ; Auditor 1575-7; 
President St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1593-1604 (Treasurer 1573-4); Surveyor- 
General Hospitals 1594-1602 ; Comptroller-General Hospitals 1602-4; Committee 
E.I.C. [elected Governor] 1602. Died January, 1604 ; Will [P.C.C. 1 Harte] 
January S ; proved January 23, 1604, 



1580, July 26 Ralph Woodcocke, 
(and sworn) Grocer 



Died September 1, 1586 
1586. 



. Portsoken, .. S. 1580-1 

1580-4, 

Coleman 

Street, 1584-6 
Will [P.C.C. 47 Windsor] September 1 ; 



vice Avenon 



proved September 7, 



1581, June 1 John Allott, 
(and sworn) Fishmonger 



. . Bridge Without, S. 1580-1, . . vice Draper 
1581-3, M. 1590-1 

Tower, 
1583-5, 
Bread Street, 
1585-91 
Knighted June, 1591. Died September 7, 1691 ; [Will P.C.C. 77 Sainberbe] July 
17, 1589 ; proved October 15, 1691. 



1581, June 6 William Webbe, . . Billingsgate, . . S. 1581-2, . . vice Boxe 
(8) Salter 1681-94, M. 1591-2 

Cordwainer, 
1594-9 
Knighted (between May 9 and July 1) 1592 ; Treasurer St. Bartholomew's 
Hospital 1577-8; President Bethlem and Bridewell 1694-3. Died July 4, 1699; 
Will [P.C.C. 62 Kidd] March 26; proved July 7, 1699. 



1581, June 27 
(July 4) 



William Ro WE, .. CastleBaynard, S. 1582-3, .. vice Bowyer 

Ironmonger 1581-93 M. 1592-3 

Knighted (between AprU 24 and May 23) 1593 ; president Bethlem and 
Bridewell 1692-3; Master Ironmongers 1688, 1684, 1687, 1589, 1590. Died October 
23, 1593; Will [P.C.C. 36 Dixy] October 21, 1693 ; proved May 11, 1594. 



1582, Sept. 27 John Uayion, Mercer .. Aldgate, 1582. 
(and sworn) 



S. 1582 
[Elected S. 1580] 



vice Offley 



Master Mercers 1682. Died November, 1682; Will [P.C.C. 14 Butts] November 25; 
proved November 28, 1582. 



1582, Oct. 16 
(23) 



OuTHBBRT Buckle 
(or Buckbll) , Vintner 



1582, Dec. 18 
(and sworn) 



Parringdon . . S. 1582-3, . . vice Hawes 

Without, M. 1593-4 

1582-6, [Elected S. 1580] 

Bridge, 

1586-94, 

Bassishaw, 

1594 
Knighted (between May 29 and June 24) 1594 ; President St. Thomas' 
Hospital 1593-4 (Treasurer 1579-81). Died July, 1594; Will [P.C.C; 55 Dixy] 
June 28 ; proved July 3, 1694. 



Aldgate, 1582-8, S. 1583-4 .. vice Haydon 
Cordwainer, [Elected S. 1580] 
1588-94 

Treasurer St. Bnrtholomow's Hospital 1579-80. Died c November, 1600 ; Will [P.C.C, 
71 Wallop] October 4 ; proved November 26, 1600. 



William Mash am 
(or Marsham), Grocer 



42 



Chronological List or Aldeemen. 



1583, June 27 {dj^Jomt!! Spencek, 
(and sworn) Clothworker 



BridgeWithout, S. 15S3-4, 



1583-7, 

Langbourn, 

1587-94, 

Bassisliaw, 

1594-1610 



M. 1594-5 
[Elected S. 1578, 
1680] 



vice ^arvye 



Knighted (between May 27 and June 16) 1595 ; Surveyor-General Hospitals 
1602-4; Comptroller-General Hospitals 1604-10; President St. Bartholomew's 
Hospital 1604-10; Committee E.I.C. 1601-2; elected Master Clothworkers 1680. 
Died March 3, 1610 ; adm. March 16, 1610. 

1584, May 7 Stephen Slan ye, .. Portsoken, .. S. 1.584-5, .. vice Ryvers 
(and sworn) Skimier 1584-6, M. 1595-6 

Coleman 
Street, 
1586-96, 
Broad Street, 
1596-1608 

Knighted May, 1596; Auditor 1676 8, 1581-3 ; President Bethlem and Bridewell 
1699-1600; President Christ's Hospital 1602.8; Surveyor-General Hospitals 1604-8 ; 
Master Skinners 1685, 1537, 1691, 1698. Died December 27, 1608; Will [P.C.C. 5 
Dorset] August 2, 1598; proved January 3, 1609. 



1585, Nov. 16 
(and sworn) 



(D)S°HENByBlLLINGSLEY, 

Haberdasher 



Tower, 1585-92, S. 1584-5, 
Gandlewick, M. 1596-7 
1592-1606 



. . vice Kympton 



Knighted (between January 19 and February 21) 1597 ; M.P. London 1585, 
1604-6; Auditor 1580-2; President St. Thomas' Hospital 1694-1606 ; Custom Ex. 
Port London 1589 ; Master Haberdashers 1584-5, 1590-1, 1695-6, 1605-6. Died 
November 22, 1606; Will [P.C.C. 91 Stafford] August 6; jiroved December 30, 1606. 



1586, June 7 Anthony Ratolyffe, . . Farriugdon . . S. 1585-6 
(15) Merchant Taylor Without, 

1586-93, 
Broad Street, 
1593-6 
Master Merchant Taylors 1677-8. Died c 1603 ; adm. May, 1608. 



vice AUeyn 



1586, Sept. 27 Henry Prannell, Vintner 
(and sworn) 



Portsoken, 
1586-8, 



S. 158.5-6 
[Elected S. 1680] 



vice Woodcocke 



Died October 22, 1 
1689. 



1588-9 
Will [P.C.C. 81 Leicester] September 1 ; proved October 30, 



1586, Oct. 28 
(and sworn) 



William Elkyn, Mercer. . 



Cripplegate, 
1586-8, 
Dowgate, 
1588-93 



S. 1586-7 



vice Branche 



Master Mercers 1686, 1592. Died October 31, 1693 ; Will [P.C.C. 18 Newell] August 22, 
1692 ; proved November 13, 1593. 



1587, Aug. 10 Bobert Howse, 
(and sworn) Clothioorker 



Bridge 
Without, 
1587-91 



S. 1586-7 
[Elected S. 1582] 



vice Duckett 



Treasurer St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1574-5; Master Clothworkers 1576. Died 
1591 or 1592. Will [P.C.C. 10 Harrington] January 10, 1586 ; proved February 
14,1692. 



55. D.N.B. omits two of his three Wards, giving only the second, thus making it 
appear that he first became an Alderman four years later than the true date. His 
election to the Presidency of St. Bartholomew's is dated according to the now obsolete 
method of reckoning, although his death-date is given accurately. 

56. D.N.B. ignores his first election to Parliament, and accords a, mythical 
knighthood to his predecessor in the Mayoralty (Thomas Skinner). 



Cheonological List of Aldeemen. 



43 



1587,Sept.28 
(and sworn) 



1588, April 1 
(and sworn) 



1588, Aug. 16 
(and sworn) 



1588,Sept.26 
(and sworn) 



1538, Dec. 14 
(Jan.9,1589) 



5'Thomab Skinner, . . Bishopsgate, . . S. 1587-8, . . vice Pype 
Clothworker 1587-96, M. 1596 

Cripplegate, [Elected S. 1684] 
1596 
Master Clothworkers 1584. Died December 30, 1596; Will [P.C.G. 51 Cobham] 
December 28, 1596; proved June 9, 1697. 

John Catcher, Pewterer Cripplegate, . . S. 1587-8 . . vice 

1588-96 Woodroffe 

Master Pewterers 1585. Died 1602; Will [P.C.C. 65 Montagu] March 11, 1599; 
proved October 13, 1602. 



Hugh Offley, 
Leatherseller 



Vintry, 
1588-94, 
Lime Street, 
1594 



S. 1588-9 



vice PuUyson 



Auditor 1578-80; Treasurer St. Thomas' Hospital 1677-9; Master Leathersellers 
1577-8,1685. Died November 26, 1594; Will [P.C.C. 82 Dixy] cod. October 29; 
proved November 29, 1594. 

(d)58Bichabd Aldgate, . . S. 1588-9, . . vice Starkye 

Saltonstall, Skinner 1588-92, M. 1597-8 

Tower, 
1592-1601 

Knighted c March, 1598; M.P. London 1586-7; Auditor 1578 80: Treasurer 
St. Thomas' Hospital 1575-7; Governor Merchant Adventurers; Collector 
Customs, London ; Master Skinners 1589, 1593, 1595, 1699. Died March 17, 1601 ; 
Will [P.C.C. 32 Woodhall] ; proved May 19, 1601. 

Giles Garton, . . . . Portsoken vice Blanke 

Ironmonger 1588-9 

Master Ironmongers 1586. Died 1593 ; Will [P.C.C. 34 Newell] Jauuavy 20; proved 
May 10, 1593. 



1589, Jan. 16 Bichard Gourney, . . Portsoken, . . S. 1589-90 . . vice Garton 
(21) Haberdasher 1589-94, 

Bridge,1594-7 
Auditor 1587-9 ; Master Haberdashers 1689-90, 1696-7. Died March 5, 1697 ; Will 
[P.C.C. 36 Cobham] October 15, 1596 ; proved April 8, 1597. 

1589, May 29 William Thorowgood, . . Cheap, 1589 . . [Elected S. 1680] vice Calthorp 
(and sworn) Draper 

Master Drapers 1685-6, 1588-9. Will [P.C.C. 8 Bolein] August 6, 1602; proved 
February 25, 1603. 



1589,JunelO 
(and sworn) 

1589, June 26 
(July 8) 



1589, Nov. 13 
(Jan.16,1590) 



John Dent, Salter . . Cheap, 1589 . . [Elected S. 1689] vice 

Thorowgood 
Died December 10, 1695 ; Will [P.C.C. 76 Scott] April 6 ; proved December 18, 1595. 



S. 1589-90, 
M. 1598-9 



. . vice Dent 



Stephen Soame, Girdler, Cheap, 
translated to Grocers 1589-1619 
October 17, 1598 

Knighted April 25, 1599 ; M.P. London 1601 ; President Bethlem and Bridewell 
1598-9; Surveyor-General Hospitals 1609-10; Comptroller-General Hospitals 
1610-9; Master Girdlers 1598. Died May 23, 1619; Will [P.C.C. 1 Soame] 
proved January 26, 1620. 



Nicholas Mosley, 
Clothworker 



Aldersgate, . . S. 1590-1, . . vice Prannell 
1589-94, M. 1599-1600 

Langbourn, 
159i-1602 

Knighted (between March 15 and July 2) 1600 ; sheriff Lancashire 1609-4. 
Died December, 1612. 



57. See Note 66. 

58. Here again a correct reference is given in D.N.B. to the City Records, though 
the date professedly taken therefrom (for Saltonstall's first election) is wrong by a year. 
That of his removal to Tower is also, though less flagrantly, inaccurate. The date of 
knighthood (April 30, 1598) can hardly be right, as he is described as Knight as early as 
April 3 (Letter Book AA, fo. 166). The P.C.C. reference for his Will is misprinted. 



44 Chronological List or Aldermen. 

1590, June 18 Kobert Wythens, .. Qaeenhithe vice Ramsey 

(20) Vintner 1590 

Died October 9, 1693 ; Will [P.C.C. 69 Newell] September 25 ; proved October 30, 1593. 

1590, June 30 Robert Brooke, Grocer . . QueenMthe, .. S. 1590-1 .. vice Wythens 
(and sworn) l.:.90-2, [Elected S. 1587] 

Walbrook, 
1592-9 
M.P. York 1584, 1586. Died 1601 (buried April 9) ; Will [P.C.C. 25 Woodhall] cod. 
March a7; proved April 11, 1601. 

1591, Julys (D)6!'WiDr,iAM Ryder, .. Bridge S. 1591-2, .. vice Howse 

(9) Haberdasher Without, IM. 1600-1 

1591-5, 
Coruhill, 
1595-1611 

Knighted (between ]May 2 and July 7) 1601 ; President Bethlem and Bride- 
well 1600-5; Surveyor-General Hospitals 1610-1; Collector Customs Inwards 
1603-10 ; Master Haberdashers 1691-2, 1697-8, 1600-1, 1606-7. Died August 30, 1611 ; 
Will [P.C.C. 91 Wood] November, 1610; proved November 15, 1611. 

1.591, Oct. U (D)™Benedict Barnham, Bread Street, . . S. 1591-2 . . vice Allott 
(and sworn) Draper 1591-8 

M.P. Minehead 1583-9 ; Yarmouth (Isle of Wight) 1537-8 ; Master Drapers 1692-3. 
Died April 4, 1598 ; Will [P.C.C. 40 Lewyn] April 1 ; proved May 9, 1598. 

1592, Feb. 29 John Robynson, .. Aldgate, 1592 vice Osborne 

(Mar. 7) Merchant Taylor 

Died February 19, 1600; Will [P.C.C. 84 Woodhall] July 15, 1599 ; proved December 
18, 1601. 

1592, Apr. 20 John Gakbardb, .. Aldgate, .. S. 1592-3, .. vice 

(27) Haberdasher 1592-1606, M. 1601-2 Robynson 

Candlewiok, 
1606-25 

Knighted (between March 6 and July 6) 1602 ; Auditor 1591-2 ; President 
St. Thomas' Hospital 1606-22 (Treasurer 1587-91) ; Surveyor-General Hospitals 
1611; Master Haberdashers 1692-3, 1601-2, 1607-8, 1611-2, 1614-5, 1617-8. Died 
May 7, 1625; Will [P.C.C. 53 Clark] January 17, 1622; proved May 25, 1625. 

1592, May 23 Robert Taylor, .. .. Queenhithe, .. S. 1592-3 .. vice Bonde 
(June 1) Haberdasher 1592-6 

Master Haberdashers 1593-4. Died December 81, 1596; adm. January 1, 1597. 

1593, Feb. 20 Paul Bayning . . Parringdon . . S. 1598-4 . . vice Barne 
(March 1) (or Banning), Grocer Without, 

1593-9, 
Walbrook, 
1599-1602 
Committee B.I.C. 1600-2, 1606-7 (Treasurer 1600-2). Died September 30, 1616 ; Will 
[P.C.C. 99 Cope] September 11 ; proved October 20, 1616. 

1593, Nov. 20 Peter Houghton, Grocer Castle Baynard, S. 1593-4 . . vice Rows 
(and sworn) 1593-6 

Died December 31, 1596 ; adm. January 16, 1597. 

1598,Nov.27 Lancelot Bathurst, .. Dowgate vice Elkyn 

(Dec. 6) Grocer 1593 

Died September 26, 1596 ; Will [P.C.C. 84 Drake] August 9; proved November 5, 
1596. 

59. Again a correct reference in D.i^.B. to Guildhall Records with incorrect year 
date (for Ryder's first election) ; also the year of his removal to Cornhill being calculated 
according to the now obsolete Civil computation then in use is unintelligently copied. 
The first probate of his will has been overlooked. 

60. D.N.B. omits notice of his first parliamentary seat and misdates his father's 
death. 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 



46 



1593, Deo. 18 
(Jan.S, 1594) 


Robert Lee, .. Dowgate, .. S. 1594-5, 
Merchant Taylor 1593-9, M. 1602-3 
Cordwainer, 
1599-1602, 
Langbouisi, 
1602-5 


. . vice Bathurst 




Knighted May 22, 1603. Died December 22, 1686: Will 
April 20, 1602 ; proved February 21, 1606. 


[P.C.C. 69 Stafford] 


1594, Feb. 7 
(and sworn) 


Thomas Bennett, . . Viutry, . . S. 1594-8, 
Mercer 1594-1604, M. 1603-4 


. . vice Heyward 



1594, Feb. 19 
(and sworn) 



Lime Street, 
1604-12, 
Bassishaw, 
1612-27 

Knighted July 26, 1603 ; President Bethlem and Bridewell 1606-13; President 
St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1628-7 ; Master Mercers 1695, 1602, 1610. Died 
February 16, 1627 ; Will [P.C.C. 21 Skynner] cod. January 26 ; proved February 
20, 1627. J ■ *■ i 

Thomas Lowe, . . Billingsgate, . . S. 1595-6, . . vice Massam 

Haberdasher 1594-1609, M. 1604-5 

Broad Street, 
1609-23 

Knighted July 26, 1603 ; M.P. London 1606-11, 1614, 1620-2 ; President St. 
Bartholomew's Hospital 1610-23; Governor Levant Company 1605-23; Colonel 
East Eepriment Trained Bands 1616-23; Master Haberdashers 1594-5, 1602-3, 
1604-5, 1608-9, 1612-3, 1616-6, 1618-9. Died April 11, 1623 ; Will [P.C.C. 82 Swan] 
March 6 ; proved April 23, 1623. 



L594,Peb.26 


Edward Fisher, Skinner Portsoken, 






(March 5) 


1594 
Master Skinners 1594, 1696, 1600. 






LS94,Julyl8 
(and sworn) 


Leonakd Halliday . . Portsoken, 
(or Holliday), 1594-1602, 
Merchant Taylor Bread Street, 


S. 1595-6, 
M. 1605-6 


. . vice Fisher 



1602-10, 

Bassishaw, 

1610-2 

Knighted July 26, 1603 ; president Bethlem and Bridewell 1606-6 ; Committee 
B.I.C. 1600-2, 1606-7 (Treasurer 1602-4). Died January 9, 1612 ; Will [P.C.C. 4 
Fenner] January 5; proved January 11, 1612. 

1594, Oct. 10 Richard Staper, . . Aldersgate vice Buckle 

(14) Clothworker 1594 

Treasurer St. Thomas' Hospital 1597-9 ; Committee B.LC. 1699-1608, 1606-7; Master 
Clothworkers 1590. Died June 30, 1608 ; Will [P.C.C. 72 Windebank] June 16, 
1601 ; proved July 12, 1608. 



1594, Oct. 26 
(Nov. 5) 



(d)81John Watts, . . Aldersgate, . . S. 1596-7, . . vice Staper 

Clothworker 1594-1601, M. 1606-7 

1605-6, 
Tower, 
1601-5, 
Langbourn, 
1606-16 

Knighted July 26, 1603 ; Auditor 1594-5 ; Colonel North Begiment Trained 
Bands 1616; Committee B.I.C. 1600-3 (Governor 1601-2) ; Master Clothworkers 
1694. Died September, 1616 ; Will [P.C.C. 129 Cope] May 10, 1613 ; proved Sep- 
tember 14, 1616. 



1595,Feb.ll 
(and sworn) 



Thomas Cordell, 



Bridge 
Without, 
1595 



vice Ofidey 



Auditor 1590-2; Committee B.I.C. 1599-1607; Master Mercers 1605, 1612. Died April, 
1612 ; Will [P.C.C. 32 Fenner] April 8 ; proved May 4, 1612. 



61. Only one of his three Wards is named in D.N.B. 
seven years earlier is ignored ; so also is his Shrievalty. 



His first election as Alderman 



46 



Chronological List of Aldekmen. 



1595, Deo. i Bichard Goddard, 
(9) Draper 



. Bridge .. S. 1596-7 

Without, 
1595-9, 
Dowgate, 
1599-1602, 
Walbrook, 
, 1602-4 

Knighted July 26, 1603 ; Committee E.I.C. 1599-1601. 
LP.O.C. 34 Harte] April 28; proved May 8, 1604. 



vice Cordell 



1596, July 22 Henry Eowe, Mercer 
(and sworn) 



Died May, 1604; Will 
. . rice Ratclyfie 



Coleman Street, S. 1597-8, 

1.596-1611, M. 1607-8 

Cornhill, [Elected S. 1691] 
1611-2 

Knighted July 26, 1603; Auditor 1696; Master Mercers 1S99, 1608. Died 
November 12, 1612 ; Will [P.C.C. 96 Fenner] November 10 ; proved November 
20, 1612. 



Bishopsgate, vice Catcher 

1596 



1596, July 29 Eobert Chamberlyn 
(and sworn) (or Chamberlain), 
Irotimonger 

Treasurer B.I.C. 1602-7 ; Master Ironmongers 1594, 1605. Died December, 1607 ; Will 
[P.C.C. 96 Hudleston] December 17; proved December 23, 1607. 



1596, Oct. 19 Oliver Stile (or Style), . . Bishopsgate, 
(and sworn) Orocer 1596 



S. 1605 



. . vice 

Chamberlyn 
! Savile] February 14, 

. . vice Stile 



Committee E.I.C. 1600-1. Died March 4, 1622 ; Will [P.C.C. 
1620 ; pvoVed June 6, 1622. 

1597, Jan. 17 Eobert Cambell, .. Bishopsgate, 

(19) Ironmonger 1597 

Master Ironmongers 1598. 

1597, Jan. 19 John More, (or Moore), Queenhithe, .. S. 1597-8 .. vice Taylor 
(25) Skinner 1597-1603 

Committee B.I.C. 1593-1601 ; Master Skinners 1597, 1601. Died April 20, 1603; adm. 
[P.C.C. 26 Bolein] April 21, 1603. 

1597, Jan. 25 Edward Holmedon, Castle Baynard, S. 1598-9 .. vice 

(27) Orocer 1597-1603 Houghton 

Knighted July 26, 1 603 ; Committee E.I.C. 1600-1 ; Master Grocers 1596-7. Died 
July 4, 1616. 

1597, Feb. 10 Bobert Hampson, ., Cripplegate, .. S. 1598-9 .. vice Skinner 
(and sworn) Merchant Taylor 1597-1602 , 

Dowgate, 
1602-7 

Knighted July 26, 1603 ; Treasurer St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1S96-7. Died 
May 21, 1607 ; Will [P.C.C. 51 Hudleston] April 23; proved June 22, 1607. 

1597, Feb. 15 William Thwayte, .. Bishopsgate .. .. vice Cambell 

(21) Fishmonger 1597-8 

Prime Warden Fishmongers 1598. Died c September, 1598 ; Will [P.C.C. 77 Lewyn] 
June 30, 1595 ; proved October 6, 1598. 

. . vice Gourney 

S. 1599-1600 . . vice Heyward 
Windebank] July 9, 1607 ; proved 

vice Barnham 



1597, April 5 Henry Heyward, .. Bridge, 1597 

(19) Fishmonger 

1597, July26 "i* Roger Clarke, Salter Bridge, 

(28) 1597-1605 

Auditor 1592-4. Died July 16, 1608 ; Will [P.C.C. 
July 19, 1608. 



1598, May 9 Humphrey Weld 
(and sworn) Orocer 



S. 1599-1600 
M. 1608-9 



. Farringdon 
Within, 
1598-1604, 
Walbrook, 
1604-10, 

Knighted July 26, 1603 ; President Christ's Hospital 1609-10. Died November29, 
1610 ; Will [P.C.C. 99 Wingfield] May 1 ; proved December 3, 1610. 



61.'* I have inadvertently attributed knighthood to him at p. 58 of Vol. I., the error being 
corrected at pp. 228, 256. 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 



47 



1598, Oct. 17 
(24) 



1599,Aug.l7 
(and sworn) 



1599,Aug.20 
(21) 



1599, Sept. 4 
(6) 



1599, Sept. 6 
(13) 



1599, Nov. 6 
(and sworn) 



1599, Nov.l4 
(20) 



1600, April 2 
(3) 



1601, Mar. 3 
(5) 



(d)S2 Christopher Hoddes- Bishopsgate, 
don. Haberdasher 1598-1600 



vice Thwayte 



Knighted July 23, 1603; M.P. Cambridge 1683; Sheriff Beds. 1691-2; Master 
Haberdashers 1598-9 ; Master Merchant Adventurers. Died (buried February 14) 
1611 ; Will [P.C.C. 18 Wood] April 26, 1609 ; proved February 19, 1611. 



Hugh Brawne, Fmtaer. . Farringdon .. 
Without, 1599 

Knighted July 23, 1603. Died (buried March 1) 1615 
cod. November 7, 1614 ; proved May 24, 1615. 



[Elected 8. 16911 vice Bayning 



Will [P.C.C. 35 Rudd] 



Bartholomew Barnes, . . Bridge Without, . . . . . . vice Webbe 

Mercer 1599 

Master Mercers 1600. Died October, 1606; Will [P.C.C. 72 Stafford] cod. September 
29 ; proved Gotober 10, 1606. 



Peter OoUett, . . 
Merchant Taylor 



Farringdon 
Without,1599 



vice Brawne 



Died December 21, 1607 ; Will [P.C.C. 4 Windebank] May 2, 1606 ; proved January 15, 
1608. J J . . i- J , 



William Quarles, . . Bridge Without, . . 

Mercer 1599 

Master Mercers 1601, 1606, 1618. Died January 6, 
August 24, 1592; proved January U, 1619. 



. . vice Barnes 
1619 ; Will [P.C.C. 14 Parker] 



(D)ra Thomas Smythe 
Haberdasher 



Farringdon . . S. 1600-1 . . vice CoUett 
Without, [Elected S. 1687] 

1599-1601, 
1604 

Knighted May 13, 1603 ; M.P. Dunwich 1604-11, Sandwich 1614, Saltash 1620-2 ; 
Receiver Duohy Cornwall 1604 ; Ambassador to Russia ; Auditor 1697-8 ; Treasurer 
St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1697-1601; Committee E.I.C. 1600-1,1608-22 (Governor 
1600-1, 1608-6, 1607-21) ; Governor Russia Company ; Treasurer Virginia Company 
1609-20; Master Haberdashers 1683-4, 1688-9, 1699-1600. Died September 4, 1625; 
Will [P.C.C. IDl Clark] January 81, 1622; proved October 12, 1625 



(d*)^Thomas Cambell, 
Ironmonger 



Bridge Without, S. 1600-1, .. vice Quarles 
1599-1610, M. 1609-10 

Bread Street, 
1610-1, 
Coleman 
Street,1611-4 

Knighted July 26, 1603; Auditor 1584-6, 1688-90, 1696-8 ; Committee B.LC. 1599- 
1600, 1601-7 (Governor 1602-3) ; Master Ironmongers 1604, 1613. Died February 13, 
1614 ; Will [P.C.C. 22 Lawe] September 1, 1612 ; proved March 12, 1614. 



(d*)"" William Craven, 
Merchant Taylor 



Bishopsgate, . . S. 1601, . . vice 

1600-2, M. 1610-1 Hoddesdon 

Cordwainer, 

1602-12, 

Lime Street, 

1612-8 

Knighted July 26, 1603 ; President Christ's Hospital 1611-8. Died July 18, 1618; 
Will [P.C.C. 75 Meade] cod. July 17; proved July 27, 1618. 



[Elected S. 1613] vice Smythe 



Richard Humble, Fmteer Farringdon .. 
Without,1601 
Died April, 1616 ; Will [P.C.C. 43 Cope] April 1 ; proved May 7, 1616. 



62. The writer of the excellent article on Hoddesdon in D.N.B. was unaware that he was ever an 
Alderman of IJoiidon. 

63. Year of election to Shrievalty incorrect in D.N.B. , as the context should have 
suggested to the writer, inasmuch as a man elected Sheriff in ' 1599 ' would not be in 
office in 'February, 1600-1.' There is no notice of his Aldermanic elections, and his 
parliamentary service for three constituencies is also entirely ignored. 

64. There is a short notice of Sir Thomas Cambell inserted in the D.N.B. article on his son, Sir 
James Cambell. Two errors in the original edition are corrected in the new issue. 

65. The date of death (1649) assigned in D.N.B. to his son, John, Baron Craven, is clearly erroneous, 
as his will, dated in May, 1647, was proved in February, 1647-8. In the original edition both month and 
year are incorrectly given for Craven's removal to Lime Street. 



48 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 



1601,April30 

(Mays) 



1601, May 26 
(June 9) 



1602, June 15 
(and sworn) 



1602, June 22 
(and sworn) 



1602, Deo. 18 
(and sworn) 



1603, May 24 
(June 21) 



1603, Deo. 22 
(Jan, 10, 
1604) 



1604, Jan. 17 



Henry Anderson, Qrocer Aldersgate, 
1601-5 



S. 1601-2 



vice Saltonstall 



Knighted July 26, 1603; Master Grocers 1599-1600. Died April 18,1606; Will 
[P.C.G. 28 Hayes] ; proved May 23, 1605. 



S. 1601-2 



vice Humble 



William Glover, Dyer . . Farringdon 
Without, 
1601-3 

Knighted July 26, 1603. Died December 17, 1603; Will [P.C.G. U Harte] 
October 17, 1603 ; proved March 19, 1604. 

Jambs Pembeeton, . . Bishopsgate, . . S. 1602-3, . . vice Mosley 
Goldsmith 1602-3, M. 1611-2 

Castle 
Baynard, 
1603-13 

Knighted July 26, 1603 ; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1600-1. Died September 8, 
1613 ; Will [P.C.G. 83 Gapel] September 8 ; proved September 11, 1618. 

John SwYNNERTON, .. Oripplegate, .. S. 1602-3, .. vice Bayning 
Merchant Taylor 1602-16 M. 1612-8 

Knighted July 26, 1603; M.P. Petersfield 1601, East Grinstead 1604-11; Master 
Merchant Taylors 1606-7; Colonel South Regiment Trained Bands 1616. Died 
December 8, 1616 ; Will [P.O.C. 125 Cope] cod. December 7 ; proved December 13, 



1616. 



(D)^William Eomeney, 
Saberdasher 



S. 1603-4 



vice Martin 



Portsoken, 

1602-5, 

Bridge, 

1605-11 

Knighted July 26, 16C3 ; Auditor 1602; Committee E.LC. 1600-7 (Deputy- 
Governor 1601-3, Governor 1606-7); Governor Merchant Adventurers; Master 
Haberdashers 1603-4, 1609-10. Died April 25, 1611; Will [P.C.C. 42 Wood] 
April 18 ; proved May 9, 1611. 



(dJ^'ThomAS MlDDLETOlr 
(or Myddeltok"), 
Orocer 



S. 1603-4, 
M. 1613-4 



vice More 



Queeuhithe, 

1603-14, 

Coleman 

Street, 

1614-31 

Knighted July 26, 1603; M.P. Merionethshire 1597-8, London 1624-6; Lord 
Lieutenant Merioneth 1599 ; Surveyor Customs 1592 ; Committee E.I.C. 1699-1600, 
1603-4; Colonel West Regiment Trained Bands 1616-31 ; President Bethlem and 
Bridewell 1613-31. Died August 12, 1631; Will [P.C.C. 94 St. JohnJ Novemher 20, 
1630; proved August 15, 1631. 



Sir Thomas Hayes. 
Draper 



Bishopsgate, .. S. 1604-5, 
1603-13, M. 1614-5 

Cornhill, 
1613-7 
Knighted July 26, 1603 ; Died September 27, 1617 
September 26 ; proved October 27, 1617. 



vice Holmedou 



Will [P.C.C. 92 Weldon] cod. 



Sir Thomas Smythe, 
Haberdasher 



(see 1599) 



1604, Feb. 3 Sir Giles Howland, 
(7) Grocer 



vice Glover 



vice Glover 



Farringdon 

Without, 
1604 

Knighted July 26, 1603. Died 1608; Will [P.C.C. 75 Windebank] July 9; proved 
August 31, 1608. 



1604, Feb. 28 Thomas Fisher, Skinner Vintry, 1604 

(March 17) 

Will [P.C.C. 27 Capell] November 23, 1612; proved April 19, 1613. 



vice Harte 



66. The title ' Director' as applied to him in D.N.B. in connexion with the E.I.C. 
is an anachronism by more than a century. His removal to Bridge Ward (for which he 
served more than twice as long as for Portsoken) is ignored. 

67. D.N.B. gives year of removal to Coleman Street according to the obsolete Civil reckoning. 
The name of Mr. Cokayne ('G.B.C.') is wrongly spelled. 



CHRONOLoaiCAL LiST OF Aldermen. 49 



1604,Mar.20 (D)88Jolin Eldred, .. Parringdon vice Howland 

(and sworn) Chthworker Without, 

1604 
Committee E.I.C. 1600-10, 16134; Master Clothworkers 1604. Died 1632 (buried 
December 8) ; Will [P.C.C. 1 Russell] October 8, 1630 ; proved January i, 1633. 

1604, May 7 Randal Manning, . . Vintry, 1604 vice Fisher 

(and sworn) Skinner 

Master Skinners 1606, 1610. Died January 11, 1612 ; Will [P.C.C. 5 Parmer] January 
9 J proved January 25, 1612, 

1604, May 18 Leonard White, . . . . Vintry, 1604 vice Manning 

(and sworn) Haberdasher 

Died August, 1610; Will [P.C.C. 79 Wingfleld] August 20; proved August 21, 1610. 

1604, June 5 Roger Jones, Dyer . . Parringdon . . S. 1604-5 . . vice Goddard 
(7) Within, 

1604-5 

Knighted July 8, 1604 ; Auditor 1598-1600, 1602-4. Died July 25, 1605 ; Will 
[P.C.C. 61 Hayes] July 22; proved September 4, 1605. 

1604,JmieU Clement Soudamore, .. Vintry, 1604-14 S. 1605-6 ..vice White 
(19) Vintner 

Knighted April 14', 1605. Died August, 1616 ; Will [P.C.C. 76 Cope] August 10 ; 
proved August 12, 1616. 

1604,June 19 James Deane Farringdon vice Eldred 

(21) Draper Without, 

1604-5 
Knighted July 8, 1604 ; Died May 15, 1608; Will [P.C.C. 52 Windebank] August 
19, 1607; proved June 13, 1608. 

1605,Mar.26 Andrew Bayning, .. Farringdon vice Deane 

(April 9) Grocer Without, 

1605 
Died December 21, 1610 ; Will [P.C.C. 11 Wood] October 4, 1610 ; proved February 
11, 1611. 

1605,May6«' (D)Sir William Herriok Farringdon vice Bayning 

(28) (or Heyricke), Without, 

Goldsmith 1605 

Knighted April 2, 1605; M.P. Leicester 1601, 1605-11, 1621-2; Jeweller to the 
King 1603-25 ; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1605-6. Died March 2, 1653. 

1605 June 11 John Jollks, .. .. Tower, 1605-21 S. 1605-6, .. vice Anderson 
(13) Draper M. 1615-6 

Knighted July 23, 1606 ; Colonel Trained Bands 1618-21. Died May 31, 1621; 
Will [P.C.C. 61 Dale] April 28, 1620 ; proved June 5, 1621. 

1605,Juue 13 Sir William Stone, . . Farringdon vice Herriok 

(and sworn) CMhworher Without, 

^ ' 1605 

Knighted June 11, 1604 ; Master Clothworkers 1606. Died September 14, 1607 ; 
Will [P.C.C. 81Hudleston] September 13; proved September 17, 1607. 



1605, July 9 George Holman, 



Portsoken, 1605 vice Clarke 



(and sworn) Grocer 

Died 1619 ; Will [P.C.C. 79 Parker] February 13; proved August 26, 1619. 

1605, July 30 WiUiam Walthall, Mercer Farringdon .. S. 1606-7 .. vice Stone 
(and sworn) Without, 

Master Mercers 1606. Died e August, 1608; Will [P.C.C. 83 Windebank] July 16; 
proved September 22, 1608. 



68. D.N.B. ignores his election as Alderman, and describes him anaohronistioally (see note 66) as a 
' Director ' of the E.I.C. 

69. This date is correct ; that given in D.N.B. is not. 



50 



Oheonological List of Aldeemen. 



1605, Aug, 15 
(22) 



1605, Aug. 22 
(Deo. 3) 



1605, Deo. 14 
(and sworn) 



1606, Feb. 11 
(13) 



1607, Jan. 20 
(27) 

1607, Feb. 5 
(12) 

1607, Mar. 12 
(sworn be- 
tween Mar. 
23 and 31) 



1607, June 2 
1607, June 4 



(d)™ John Leman, .. Portsoken, .. S. 1606-7, .. vioeHolman 
Fishmonger 1605-16, M. 1616-7 

Langbourn, 
1616-7, 
CornhiU, 
1617-32 

Knighted March 9, 1617; prime Waraen Fishmongers 1605; President Christ's 
Hospital 1618-32. Died March 26, 1632 ; Will [P.C.O. 30 Awdley] December 17, 
1631 ; proved March 28, 1632. 

Sir William Bond, . . Parringdon vice Jones 

Haberdasher Within, 

1605 
Knighted July 23, 1603. 

Geofirey Elwes, . . .. Parringdon .. S. 1607-8 .. vice Bond 
Merchant Taylor Within 

1605-11, 
Walbrook, 
1611-6 
Master Merchant Taylors 1601-5. Died April, 1616; Will [P.C.O. 36 Cope] Aprils; 
proved April 17, 1616. 

Nicholas Style (or Stile), Aldersgate, .. S. 1607-8 .. vice Lee 
Grocer 1606-15 

Auditor 1605-6; Committee B.I.C.1599-1600. Died November 16, 1615 ; Will rP.C.C. 
2 Cope] February 16, 1614 ; proved January 8, 1616. 

William Peart, . . ~. Aldgate, 1607 vice Billingsley 

Haberdasher 
Will [P.C.C. 88 Cope] ; proved September 26, 1616. 

William Higges, .. Aldgate, 1607 vice Peart 

Mercer 
Master Mercers 1609 ; Will [P.C.C. 90 Lawe] cod. July 24, 1611 ; adm. July 6, 1614. 

(D)'iBonham ISTorton, . . Aldgate, 1607 vice Higges 

Stationer ' 



Sheriff Shropshire 1610-1 ; Master Stationers 1613-4, 1626-7, 1629-30. Died April 5, 1635 ; 
adm. May 28, 1686. 

Morgan Awbery (or .. Aldgate, 1607 vice Norton 

Awbrey), Salter 

William Cotton, Draper Dowgate, 1607 vice Hampson 

Died c July, 1607 ; Will [P.C.C. 27 Windebank] June 25, 1607 ; proved April 27, 1608. 



1607, June 16 
(25) 



1607, July 2 
(7) 



'RalphViatt, Leaiherseller Aldgate, 1607.. 



. . vice Awbery 



Master Leathersellers 1589. Died May, 1612 ; Will [P.C.C. 89 Fenner] cod. May 20 ; 
proved May 29, 1612. 

Nicholas Blincko (or . . .Aldgate, 1607 . . vice Pratt 

Blencowe), Leather- 
seller 
Master Leathersellers 1602-8; Will [P.C.C. 97 Clarke] July 6, 1624 proved Sep- 
tember 19, 1625. 



70. The writer of the D.N.B. article says he was removed ' apparently to Langbourn' : 
the qualifying word is quite unnecessary as the fact is recorded in Bepertory 32, only 
half a dozen folios before one to which he refers in the next line. The statement that 
Leman was President of Christ's Hospital ' in the year of his death ' is a very meagre 
reference to his nearly 14 years' tenure of that post. It is difficult to suggest any 
reason for the distinction in length of tenure implied in the words ' Sheriff in 1606 and 
Lord Mayor in 1616-17.' In each case the office was held from a certain day in one year 
to the same day in the next year, and the record of both should follow the same 
principle of dating. 

71. In the D.H.B. notice of Bonham Norton (which is appended to that of his father, John Norton) his 
Ward is not mentioned, nor is it stated that he only held office for two months. 



Chronological List oe Aldermen. 51 

1607, J uly 14 George Bolles, Orocer Dowgate, . . S. 1608-9, . . vice Hampson 
(and sworn) 1607-16, M. 1617-8 

Walbrook, 
1616-21 

Knighted May 31, 1618 ; Committee E.I.C. 1602-7, 1610-1 ; Master Grocers 1806 7. 
Died September 1,1621; Will [P.C.C. 75 Dale] August 13; proved September 27, 
1621. 

1607, Oct. 20 Kichard Farrington, .. Aldgate. 1607-10 S. 1608-9 .. vice Blincko 

(22) Clothworker 

Master Clothworkers 1603. Died June, 1610; Will [P.C.C. 82 Wingfleld] June 21; 
proved September 29, 1610. 

1608, Oct. 25 Humphrey Corbett, . . Farringdon vice Walthall 

(27) Merchant Taylor Without, 1608 

Master Merchant Taylors 1603-4. Died December, 1609; Will [P.C.C. 114 Dorset] 
December 18; proved December 30. 

1608, Nov. 22 Henry Violet (or Vylett), Parringdon vice Corbett 

(Jan. 24, 1609) Fishmonger Without, 

1608-9 

1609, Feb. 9 Henry Smyth, Salter . . Farringdon vice Violet 

(14) Without, 1609 

Died January 3, 1628; Will [P.C.C. 1 Harrington] cod. September 28, 1627; proved 
January 23, 1628. 

1609, Feb. 21 George Bishop, Stationer Billingsgate, vice Slanye 

(March 7) 1609 

Master Stationers 1590-1, 1592-4, 1600-1, 1602-B, 1608-9; Will [P.C.C. 2 Wood] November, 
1610; proved January 28, 1611. 

1609, Mar. 14 Sebastian Harvey, .. Billingsgate, .. S. 1609-10, .. vice Bishop 

(22) Ironmonger 1609-19, M. 1618-9 

Cheap, 
1619-21 

Knighted July 17, 1616 ; Master Ironmongers 1600. Died February 21, 1621 ; 
adm. February 23, 1621. 

1609, May 18 (d*)'2Wii.liam Cokayne, Farringdon .. S. 1609-10, .. vice Smyth 
(30) Skinner Without, M. 1619-20 

1609-13, 
Castle 
Baynard, 
1618-8, 
Lime Street, 
1618-25, 
Broad Street, 
162o-6 
Knighted June 8, 1616 ; Auditor 1606-7 ; Governor Irish Society 1610-4; Colonel 
Trained Bands 1618-26; President St. Thomas' Hospital 1622-6; Committee 
E.T.C. 1606-9; Master Skinners 1609, 1611, 1625. Died October 20, 1626; 
Will [P.C.C. 61 Skinner] proved June 20, 1627. 

1610, Apr. 26 James CoUymore (or . . Bridge vice Spencer 

(May 3) CuUimore), Without, 

Haberdasher 1610 

Treasurer St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1603-10. Died December, 1610 (buried 
December 24) ; Will [P.C.C. 7 Wood] proved January 9, 1611. 

1610, May 3 Eichard Pyat, Grocer . . Bridge . . S. 1610-1 . . vice 

(4) Without, CoUymore 

1610-20 
Died January 19, 1620 ; Will [P.C.C. 5 Soame] September 2, 1619; proved January 
31, 1620. 



72 The original edition of D.N.B. gives only one of his four Wards, and that one 
neither the first nor the last. The omissions are supplied in the new issue. The 
article, in addition to its inherent merits, derives special mterest from the fact tbat 
it is contributed by the subject's venerable and distinguished descendant, Mr. Or. ih. 
Cokayne (Clarenceux King-at-Arms), to whom every student of Enghsh genealogy and 
family history owes a debt which cannot adeq^uately be paid. 



52 



Chronological List or Aldeemen. 



1610, July 18 
(24) 



1611, Jan. 10 
(14) 



1611, Jan. 31 
(Feb. 12) 



1611, Feb. 28 
(and sworn) 



Pbancis Jones (or . . Aldgate, . . S. 1610-1, . . vice 

JoHNEs), Haberdasher 1610-22 M. 1620-1 Farrington 

Knighted March 12, 1617 ; Master Haberdashers 1610-1, 1613-4, 1616-7, 1620-1. 
Died 1622 ; adm. January 29, 1623. 

Thomas Walthall, . . Parringdon vice Weld 

Mercer Within, 

1611 
Died May, 1613 (buried May 14) ; Will [47 Oapel] May 14, 1611 ; proved May 11, 1613. 

Henry Chapman, . . Parringdon vice Walthall 

Clothworker Within, 

1611 
M.P. Newcastle 1601-11 ; Mayor Newcastle 1586-7, 1596-7. Died (buried April 19) 1623. 

Edward Babkham, .. Parringdon .. S. 1611-2, .. vice Chapman 
Leatherseller, trans- Within, M. 1621-2 

lated to Drapers July 1611-21, 
10, 1621 Cheap, 

1621-34 

Knighted June 16, 1622 ; Master Leathersellers 1606-6, 1608-9 ; Drapers 1622-3. 
Died January 15, 1634 ; Will [P.C.C. 1 Seager] January 14, 1633 ; proved January 
17, 1634. 



1611, Apr. 30 
(May 3) 



1611, Oct. 10 
(and sworn) 



1611, Oct. 24 
(Nov. 4) 

1611, Nov. 7 
(9) 



1611,Nov.l2 
(21) 



S. 1611-2 



vice Romeney 



George Smythes, . . Bridge, 

Goldsmith 1611-5 

Governor Irish Society 1614-5; Committee B.I.C. 1602-3, 1607-8, 1609-10; Prime 
Warden Goldsmiths 1610-1. Died July 11, 1615; Will [P.O.C. 67 Budd] 
February 24 ; proved July 18, 1615. 

(D)'!'John Norton, .. Bread Street, vice Ryder 

Stationer 1611 

Master Stationers 1607-8, 1611-2. Will [P.C.C. 5 Capel] May 21, 1612; proved 
January 12, 1613. 

Thomas Edwards, . . Bread Street, vice Norton 

Mercer 1611 

Master Mercers 1613. (?) Will [P.C.C. 64 Pile] proved May 11, 1636. 

Richard Chamberlain . . Bread Street, . . [Elected S. 1613] vice Edwards 
(or Ghamberlen), 1611 

Ironmonger 
Master Ironmongers 1610. Died February, 1624 ; Will [P.C.C. 16 Byrde] February 
10 ; proved February 17, 1624. 

(D)'^Sir Baptist Hicks, . . Bread Street, 
Mercer 1611 

Knighted July 14, 1603 ; created Baronet July, 1620 ; Viscount 
Campden, May, 1628; M.P. Tavistock 1620-2 ; Tewkesbury 1624-5, 1626, 1628; 
Auditor 1601-3. Died October 18, 1629; Will [P.C.C. 101 Ridley] October 12; 
proved November 19, 1629. 



[Elected S. 1613] vice 

Chamberlain 



1611,Nov.26 
(and sworn) 



Brian lanson, Draper . . Bread Street, , 
1611 



[Elected S. 1613] vice Hicks 



Sheriff Bucks, 1614-5 ; Mister Drapers 1613. Died c November, 1634 ; Will [P.C.C. 
112 Beager] November 5 : proved December 13, 1634. 

1611, Nov.28 George Huxley, . . Bread Street, . . [Elected S. 1613] vice lanson 

(30) Haberdasher 1611 

Died April 30, 1627 ; adm. May 29, 1627. 

1611, Deo. 8 Edward Rotherham, .. Bread Street, . . S. 1612-3 .. vice Huxley 
(and sworn) Draper 1611-20 

Master Drapers 1613-4, 1617-8. Died October 26, 1620; Will [P.C.C. 90 Soame] 
May 25, 1619 ; proved October 31, 1620. 

73. The B.N.B. notice of John Norton (which is appended to that of his uncle, William Norton) 
does not name his Ward. 

74. D.N B. article ignores his election as Alderman. [A list of Masters of the 
Mercers, supplied me by a prominent official of that Company, who rather brusquely 
declined to verify it, gives ' Sir B. Hicks, Viscount Campden, Alderman of Bread Street, 
M&%tsT: 1631' (i.e., two years after his death). As the dates of other Masterships of the 
Mercers in this iDook are from the same source, it will be understood that I cannot 
guarantee their absolute accuracy.] 



Chronological List of AldEemen. 53 

1612, Jan. 15 William Williamson, .. Oordwaiuer .. .. vice HaUiday 

(20) Vintner 1612 

1612, Jan. 21 Henry WoUasfcon, . . Cordwainer, . . vice 

(23) Draper 1612 WiUiamson 

Treasurer St. Thomas' Hospital 1612-3. Died November 22, 1616 ; Will [P.C.C. 107 
Cope] November 20; proved November 27, 1616. 

1612, Jan. 24 Francis Evington, .. Cordwainer vice 

(28) Merchant Taylor 1612 WoUasfcon 

Died July 22, 1614; Will [P.C.C. 90 Lawe] June 26; proved July 23, 1614. 

1612, Jan. Cuthbert Martyn, .. Cordwainer, .. viceEvington 

(Feb. 4) Skinner 1612 

Master Skinners 1612. Died June 1, 1631. 

1612, Feb. 5 Edward Barnes, Mercer Cordwainer . . . . vice Martyn 

(8) 1612 

Auditor 1608-10 ; Master Mercers 1615. 

1612, Feb. 15 Alexander Prescott, .. Cordwainer, .. S. 1612-3 .. vice Barnes 

(18) Goldsmith 1612-22 

Died January 16, 1622 ; Will [P.C.C. 7 Savill] August 10, 1616 ; proved January 18, 
1622. 

1613, Jan. 19 Tbomas Bennett, Jun., Bishopsgate, .. S. 1613-4 .. vice Eowe 
(and sworn) Mercer 1613-9, 

Billingsgate, 
1619-20 
Governor Irish Society 1615-6; Master Mercers 1614. Died April 19, 1620; Will 
[P.C.C. 39 Soame] April 19 ; proved May 9, 1620. 

1613, Oct. 12 Henry Jeye, Draper . . Farringdon . . S. 1613-4 . . vice Pemberton 
(and sworn) Without, 

1613-20' 
Master Drapers 1614-5, 1619-20. Died November 23, 1620 ; Will [P.C.C. 94 Soame] 
November 22 ; proved November 30, 1620. 

1614,Mar. 29 Barnard Hide, Salter . . Queenhithe, . . [Bleoted s. 1613] vice Oambell 
(AprU 5) 1614 

Master Salters 1611, Commissioner Customs. Died July, 1631 ; Will [P.C.C. 83 St. 
John] July 7 ; proved July 29, 163L 

1614, Apr. 19 Sir Henry Lee, Merchant Queenbitbe, . . . . . . . . vice Hide 

(30) Taylor 1614 

Knighted May, 1607. Died January 21, 1620; Will [P.C.C. 11 Soame] November 
28, 1619 ; proved February 14, 1620. 

1614, May 3 Humphrey Walcot, . . Queenhithe, . . . . . . . . vice Lee 

(5) Grocer 1614 

Committee E.I.C. 1602; Master Grocers 1609-10. Died August 28, 1616 ; Will [P.C.C. 
118 Cope] ; proved November 18, 1616. 

1614, May 10 Peter Pbobie (or Peobt) , Queenhithe, .. S. 1614-5, .. vice Walcot 

(13) Barber-Surgeon, 1614-23, M. 1622-3 

translated to Grocers Broad Street, 

July 4, 1622 1623-5 

Knighted June 8, 1623 ; M.P. Hull 1593, Liverpool 1597-8 ; Governor Irish 
Society 1616-22; Master Barber-Surgeons 1615. Died March, 1625 ; Will [P.C.C. 
28 Clark] ; proved March 21, 1625. 

1614, Sept. 15 Martin LuMLBT, .. Vintry, 1614-26, S. 1614-5, . . vice Scudamore 
(and sworn) Draper Bread Street, M. 1623-4 

^ 1626-34 

Knighted May 23, 1624 ; President Christ's Hospital 1632-4 ; Master Drapers 
1615-6, 1623-4. Died July 2, 1634; Will [P.C.C. 65 Seager] cod. June 30; proved 
July 15, 1684. 

1615, July 27 Willia.m Gore, Merchant Bridge, 1615-24 S. 1615-6 .. vice Smythes 
(and sworn) Taylor 

Died July 14, 1624 ; Will [P.C.C. 62 Byrde] May 24 ; proved August 7, 1624. 



54 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 



1615, Deo. 19 
(and sworn) 



1616, July 9 
(and sworn) 



1616,Sept.26 
(and sworn) 



1617, Feb.l9 
(and sworn) 



1617, Oct. 9 
(and sworn) 



1618, Oct. 20 
(and sworn) 

1619, July 26 
(and sworn) 



1620, Feb. 17 
(and sworn) 



John Goeb, Merchant. 
Taylor 



Aldersgate, .. S. 1615-6, .. vice Style 
1615-8, M. 1624-5 

Castle [Elected 8. 1614] 

Baynard, 
1618-21, 
Walbrook, 
1621-36 
Knighted June 4, 1626 ; Elected President Christ's Hospital 1684. Died 
December, 1636; Will [P.C.C. 1 Goare] June 23, 1636; proved January 5, 1637. 



Allan Cotton, Draper 



Dowgate, . . S. 1616-7, . . vice Elwes 
1616-25, M. 1625-6 

Candlewiok, 
1625-8 
Knighted June 4, 1626 ; President St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1627-8; Master 
Drapers 1616-7. Died December 25, 1628 ; Will [P.C.C. 8 Ridley] July 25, 1627 ; 
proved January 24, 1629. 



Cdthbubt HACKET,D2/er 
translated to Drapers 
January 24, 1623 



Portsoken, . . S. 1616-7, . . vice Watts 
1616-24, M. 1626-7 

Bridge, 
1624-31 

Knighted IMay 20, 1627 ; Master Drapers 1626-7. Died c November, 1631 ; Will 
[P.C.C. 24 Audley] November 10, 1631 ; proved February 10, 1632. 

William Halliday, . . Cripplegate, . . S. 1617-8 . . vice 

Mercer 1617-24 [Elected S. 1614] Swynnerton 

Committee E I.C. 1614-24 (Governor 1621-4) ; Master Mercers 1617, 1624. Died February 
14, 1624 ; Will [P.C.C. 21 Byrde] December 16, 1623 ; proved March 3, 1624. 

Eobert Johnson, Grocer Langbourn, . . S. 1617-8 . . vice Hayes 
1617-26 
Governor Irish Society 1622-5; Committee E.I.C. 1606-12, 1613-9. Died October 2, 
1626 ; adm. October 17, 1626. 



Eichard Heme,.. .. Aldersgate, .. S. 1618-9 
Merchant Taylor 1618-25 

Died February 24, 1625 ; Will [P.C.C. 58 Clark] proved May 14, 1625, 



vice Craven 



HnoH Hammeesley, 
Haberdasher 



Bishopsgate, . . S. 1618-9, . , vice Soame 

1619-22, U. 1627-8 

Aldgate, 

1622-36 
Knighted June 8, 1628 ; Colonel Trained Bands 1631-6; President Honourable 
Artillery Company 1619-38 ; President Christ's Hospital 1634-6 ; Committee E.I.C. 
1606-11, 1614-20, 1630-6; Governor Russia Company; Governor Levant 
Company 1623-36 (Court of Assistants 1614-8, Treasurer 1618-20) ; Master 
Haberdashers 1619-20, 1627-8. Died October 19, 1636; WiU [P.C.C. 103 Pile] 
September 29; proved October 25, 1686. 



EiCHABD Deanb, .. Bridge Without, S. 1619-20, 
Skinner 1620-6, M. 1628t9 

Farringdon 
Within, 
1626-9, 
Candlewick, 
1629-35 
Knighted May 81, 1629 ; Master Skinners 1619, 
[P.C.C. 82 Sadler] ; proved July 16, 1635. 



vice Pyat 



Died July, 1635 ; Will 



S. 1619-20, .. vice 
M. 1629-30 Bennett, 

[Elected S. 1614] 



Jun. 



1620, Iilay 24 'sJj^^mes Oambkll, .. Billingsgate, .. 
(and sworn) Ironmonger 1620-5, 

Lime Street, 
1625-42 

Knighted IMCay 23, 1630; President St. Thomas' Hospital 1626-42; Colonel 
Trained Bands 1631 ; Committee E.I.C. 1622-9, 1631-4, 1635-40 ; Master Ironmongers 
1615,1623,1641. Died January 6, 1642; Will [P.C.C. 1 Cambell] ; proved January 
10, 1642. 

75. The D.N.B. in its original issue perverted Lime Street into 'Lion' Street 
(which in another article was disguised as ' Limehouse '). The writer of the article omits, 
to notice his connexion with the E.I.C, his Presidency of St. Thomas' Hospital 
and his Colonelcy of the Trained Bands. 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 



55 



S. 1620-1 



S. 1620-1, 
M. 1630-1 



. . vice Eotherham 
Died April, 1626 ; Will 

. . vice Jeye 



1620 Nov. 7 Edward Allen Bread Street, , 

(and sworn) Fishmonger 1620-6 

Committee E.LC. 1622-5 ; Prime Warden Fishmongers 1620. 
[P.G.C. 49 Hele] August 17, 1624 proved April 22, 1626. 

1620, Deo. 4 Kobbht Duote, . . Farringdon 
(and sworn) Merchant Taylor Without, 

1620-5, 

Billingsgate, 

1625-7, 

Bassishaw, 

1627-3 i 
Created Baronet November, 1629 ; President St, Bartholomew's Hospital 
1629-34; Committee E.I.C. 1621-30, 1631-3. Died June, 1634; Will [P. CO. 61 
Seager] June 9 ; proved June 13, 163). 

1621, Apr. 19 Augustine Skinner, .. Farringdon vice Harvey 

Ironmonger Within, 1621 

Died (buried April 15) 1635. 

1621, May 29 William Smyth, SaWer Farringdon vice Harvey 

(and sworn) Within, 1621 

Knighted December 2, 1623 ; Died December, 1626; Will [P.C.C. 150 Hele] 
December 12 ; proved December 18, 1626. 



1621, June 1 
(and sworn) 

1621, June 2 
(5) 



1621, June 12 
(and sworn) 



1621, June U 
(and sworn) 

1621, June 20 
(and sworn) 



1621, June 20 
(21) 



John Coghill, Barber- . . Farringdon . . 
Surgeon Within, 1621 

Died 1625 ; adm. May 6, 1625. 



Geobge Whitmoee, 
Haberdasher 



vice Smyth 



vice Coghill 



Farringdon .. S. 1621-2, 
Within, M. 1681-2 

1621- 6, 
Langbourn, 
1626-43 
Knighted May 27, 1632 ; President Bethlem and Bridewell 1632-42; Master 
Haberdashers 1621-2, 1631-2. Died December 12, 1654 ; Will [P.C.0. 407 Alchin] cod. 
November 10, 1654 ; proved February 16, 1655. 

George Bennett, Salter Tower, 1621 . . [Elected S. 1615] vice JoUes 

Committee E.I.C. 1606-7, 1608-9. Died November, 1630 ; Will [P.C.C. 106 Sovope] 
November 16 ; proved November 26, 1630. 



William Paine, Skinner 
WiUiam Cater, Salter . . 



Tower, 1621 . . [Elected S. 1614] vice G. Bennett 



Tower, 1621 . , 
1613-4; (?) 



Committee E.I.C. 1608-9, 1610-2, 
proved September 23, 1634. 



William Tirrey, Draper Tower, 1621 



[Elected S. 1614] vice Paine 
tiled 1634; Will [P.C.C. 84 Seager] 

. . vice Cater 



Knighted September 28, 1624 ; Master Drapers 1621-2. Died October, 1626 ; 
Will [P.C.C. 189 Hele] cod. October 5 ; proved October 18, 1626. 



1621, June 22 
(and sworn) 



1621, Oct. 23 
(25) 



'"Nicholas Eainton 
Haberdasher 



Tower, 1621-34, 
Coruhill, 
1634-46 



S. 1621-2, . . vice Tirrey 
111. 1632-3 
[Elected S. 1617] 
Knighted Itlay 5, 1638; President St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1634-46; Master 

Haberdashers 1622-3, 1632-3. Died August 19, 1646 ; Will [P.C.C. 130 Twisse] May 2 ; 

proved September 11, 1646. 

Richard Beale Walbrook, 1621 vice Bolles 

Clothworker 
Master Cloth workers 1621. Died 1636 ; Will [P.C.C. 93 Pile] May 30; proved August 
8, 1636. 



76. In the D.N.B. article ' Aldgate ' is erroneously given (instead of Tower) as his 
first Ward, and the date of his election is wrong— four elections for the Ward took place 
between the D.N.B. date and the true one. The ' Geere ' of the text ia an orthographical 
variant for ' Gayer,' adopted from Professor Gardiner, who quotes an authority in which 
the names of three of the four Aldermen referred to are distorted. 



56 Chronological List op Aldermen. 

1621, Nov. 20 Richard Cooks (or Cox), Castle Baynard, [Elected S. 1622] vice Beale 
(Dec. 11) Grocer 1621-2 

Sheriff Herefordshire 1615-6. Will [P.C.C. 21 Byrde] November 29, 1628 ; proved 
March 7, 1624. 

1622, Jan. 31 Henry Banister, . . Aldgate, 1622 vice Jones 

(Feb. 4) Goldsmith 

M.P. Preston 1625 ; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1614. Died July 25, 1628 ; Will [P.C.C. 
83 Barrington] cod. June 16 ; proved September 16, 1628. 

1622, Feb. 5 Christopher Woodward, Aldgate, 1622 vice Banister 

(12) Vintner 

Master Vintners 1623-4. Died 1627; Will [P.C.C. 90 Skynner] August 22; proved 
September 5, 1627. 

1622, Feb. 14 Edward Meredith, . . Aldgate, 1622 vice Woodward 

(19) Draper 

Master Drapers 1620-1; Will [P.C.C. 429 Alohin) September 9, 1652; proved 
November 7, 1654. 

1622, Feb. 21 Richard Cheney, . . Gordwainer, vice Prescott 

Goldsmith 1622 

Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1617-8. Died c July, 1625 ; Will [P.C.C. 87 Claris] Jnne 20 ; 
proved August 9, 1625. 

1622, Apr. 16 William Peunyfather, . . Aldgate, 1622 . . [Elected S. 1617] vice Meredith 
(and sworn) Grocer 

Died May 1, 1638 ; Will [P.C.C. 56 Lee] proved May 11, 1638. 

1622, May 2 ^ 'William Ferrers, .. Aldgate, 1622 vice 

(7) Mercer Pennyfather 

Committee E.I.C. 1602. Died 1625 ; Will [P.C.C. 90 Clark] proved September 8, 1625. 

1622, May 9 Henry Parlsrhurst, . . Cordwainer, . . . . . . . . vice Prescott 

(and sworn) Grocer 1622 

Died 1640; Will [P.C.C. 140 Coventry] December 81, 1689; proved November 28, 1640. 

1622, May 16 William Marty n, /SaWer Cordwainer .. .. vice Parkhurst 

(and sworn) 1622 

(?) Died 1638; Will [P.C.C. 124 Lee] June 5 ; proved October 12, 1638. 

1622, June 18 John Nevill, Grocer .. Cordwainer, viceMartyn 

(and sworn) 1622 

Will [P.C.C. 24 Harvey] proved February 26, 1639. 

1622,June 20 John Rayney, Draper . . Cordwainer . . . . vice Nevill 

(and sworn) 1622 

Master Drapers 1618-9. Died 1633 ; Will [P.C.C. 30 Russell] cod. March 7 ; proved 
April 6, 1633. 

1622, July 9 John Hodges, Grocer . . Cordwainer, . . S. 1622-3 . . vice Rayney 
(and sworn) 1622-9 

Colonel City Archers 1627. Died May 9, 1629; Will [P.C.C. 37 Ridley] September 14, 
1626; proved May 11, 1629. 

1622, July 30 Thomas Massam (or . . Bishopsgate vice Ferrers 

(and sworn) Marsham), Merchant 1622 

Taylor 

Master Merchant Taylors 1621-2. Died 1625 ; Will [P.C.C. 28 Clark] February 8 ; 
proved March 15, 1626. 

1622, Aug.lO Matthew Bedell, . . Bishopsgate vice Massam 

(Sept. 12) Merchant Taylor 1622 

Died August, 1686 ; Will [P.C.C. 95 Pile] August 6 ; proved August 18, 1636. 

1622, Aug.l3 Sir Humphrey Handford, Castle Baynard, S. 1622-3 .. vice Cocks 
(14) Grocer 1622-5 

Knighted July 14, 1622 ; Governor Irish Society 1625; Committee E.I.C. 1606-8 
1611-2,1613-20. Died October 19,1626; Will [P.C.C. 142 Clark] June 22; proved 
December 8, 1625. 

76.* The name appears in the Repertory as ' Ferris' and ' Ferrys,' but the above is 
the correct form. 



Chronological List or Aldermen. 



67 



1622, Sept. 24 
(26) 

1622, Oct. 3 
(19) 

1622, Nov.12 
(and sworn) 



1623, May 27 
(and sworn) 



1624, Apr. 6 
(and sworn) 



1624, Apr.13 
(and sworn) 



1624, Apr.20 

(sworn 20 or 

22) 



1624,Sept.23 
(and sworn) 



1625, Mar.22 
(26) 

1625, Mar.22 
(April 5) 



1625, Apr. 22 
(and sworn) 



Thomas Franklyn, .. Bishopsgate, .o 
Merchant Taylor 1622 

Will [P.C.C. S Clark] October 1, 1624 ; proved January 21, 1626. 



vice Bedell 



Robert Bright, Salter 



Bishopsgate vice Franklyn 

1622 



"Balph Pbeeman, . . Bishopsgate, . . S. 1623-4, . . vice Bright 
Clothworker 1622-32, M. 1633-4 

Cornhill, [Elected S. 1620] 

1632-4 
Auditor 1613-5 ; Committee B.I.C. 1608-11, 1612-5, 1617-9, 1621-2 ; Master Clothworkers 
1620 ; Court Assistants Levant Company 1614-5, 1616-23. Died March 16, 1634 ; 
Will [P.C.C. 29 Seager] July 3, 1633; adm. April 28, 1634. 

Thomas Moulson, . . Queenhithe, . . S. 1623-4, . . vice Lowe 
Grocer 1623-7, M. 1634 

Broad Street, 
1627-38 
Knighted June 1, 1634 ; m.P. London 1628-9 ; Auditor 1620-2 ; Elected President 
Christ's Hospital 1637 ; Governor Merchant Adventurers 1632. Died December 6, 
1638 ; Will [P.C.C. 180 Lee] July 6, 1638 ; proved December 8, 1638. 



Cripplegate, vice Halliday 

1624 



"*Johu Hodgson, 
Upholder 
Died May, 1628 ; Will [P.C.C. 39 Harrington] May 6 ; proved May 21, 1628. 

Thomas Overman, . . Cripplegate, vice Hodgson 

Leatherseller 1624 

Master Leathersellers 1624-5. 



(d) ™Kowland Heylin (or Cripplegate, 
Heylyn) , Ironmonger 1624-32 



S. 1624-5 



vice Overman 



President Bethlem and Bridewell 1631-2; Master Ironmongers 1614, 1625. Died 
February, 1632; Will [P.C.C. 23 Audley] September 5, 1629 ; proved February 15, 
1632. 



EOBEET PaEKHUBST, 

Clothworker 



S. 1624-5, 
M. 1634-5 



vice W. Gore 



Portsoken, 
1624-34, 
Bread Street, 
1634-6 

Knighted May 24, 1635 ; Governor Irish Society 1626-36; Committee B.I.C. 1623-4 ; 
Master Clothworkers 1624. Died October 19, 1636; Will [P.C.C. 14 Goare] 
June 28, 1636 ; proved February 22, 1637. 

w* Walter Pritchett (or.. Aldersgate vice Heme 

Prichard), Draper 1625 

Master Drapers 1625. Died 1637 ; Will [P.C.C. 102 Goare] ; proved July 20, 1687. 

Roger Glover, Pewterer Broad Street, vice Proby 

1625 
Master Pewterers 1615. Died 1634; Will [P.C.C. 78 Seager] January 9; proved 
August 7, 1634. 

George Chetam (or . . Aldersgate vice Pritchett 

Chetham), Grooer 1625 

Will [P.C.C. 27 Skynner] June 29, 1626; proved March 8, 1627. 



77. The D.N.B, in an article on his namesake and contemporary, with whom he is often confounded, 
refers to him with the prefix ' Sir,' which is erroneous ; he was not knighted. I had fallen into the same 
error in Vol. I. of this work at p. 124, which, however, is corrected at pp. 256, 415. 

77.* This name is erroneously entered as 'Hudson' in the minute of his election 
(Repertory 38, fo. 95b). 

78. The D.N.B. dates of death and probate of will are according to the obsolete Civil 
computation. The new edition incorporates several additions to, and corrections of, the 
original article from an apparently weU-informed critic. 

78." ' Pritchett ' is the correct form of the name which, however, appears in the 
Repertory as ' Prichard.' 



58 



Cheonological List of Aldekmen. 



1625, Apr. 28 
(and sworn) 



1625, May 1.0 
(and sworn) 



1625, Mayl7 
(17 or 19) 



1625, May 17 
(and sworn) 



1625, May 19 
(and sworn) 



1625,May23 
(27) 



1625, May 25 
(and sworn) 

1625, May 27 
(June 3) 



1625, May 31 
(and sworn) 



1625, June 9 
(U) 



Robert Pallmer, Grocer Aldersgate, vice Chetam 

1625 
Master Grocers 1624-5. Died 1630; Will [P.C.C. 106 Scroops] August 10; proved 
November 20, 1630. 

John Woodward, Grocer Aldersgate vice Pallmer 

1625 
Will [P.C.C. 28 Scroope] ; proved April 8, 1630. 

Thomas We stro we, .. Aldersgate, .. S. 1625 .. vice Woodward 

Grocer 1625 [Elected S. 1620] 

Auditor 1619-21 ; Committee B.I.C. 1606-9, 1610-2, 1613-25. Died December, 1626 ; Will 
[P.C.C. 6 Hele] March 28, 1625; proved January 23, 1626. 

John Musoott (or . . Billingsgate, vice Glover 

Muskett), Vintner 1625 

Master Vintners 1626-6, 1628-9. Died 1629 ; Will [P.C.C. 26 Ridley] September 6, 1625 ; 
proved March 16, 1629. 

^William Ballard (or . . Dowgate, vice Garrarde 

Ballett), Goldsmith 1625 

Died May 9, 1648. Will [P.C.C. 107 Essex] November 14, 1642 ; adm. June 3, 1648. 



. Farringdon 
Without, 
1625 
Will [P.C.C. 68 Lee] proved June 8, 1638. 



William Wagstaffe, 
Dyer 



. . vice Musoott 



Ralph Stint, Mercer . . Dowgate, 1625 . . . . . . vice BaUett 

Master Mercers 1627, 1635. Will [P.C.C. 14 Goare] proved February 14, 1637. 



Dowgate, 1625 vice Stint 



Robert Morley, 
Skinner 

(? M.P. Bramber 1620-2, 1624-5 ; Sboreham 1628-9 ; Sheriff Surrey and Sussex 1681-2. 
Died 1632 ; Will [P.C.C. Ill Audley] proved November 15, 1632.) 

'^'William Palmer, .. Farringdon .. .. .. .. vice Wagstaffe 

Haberdasher Without, 

1625, 

Vintry, 1626 
Auditor 1621-3; Master Haberdashers 1626-7. Died September, 1686; Will [P.C.C. 100 
Pile] ood. September 20 ; proved September 27, 1686. 



Ellis Crispe, Salter 



Dowgate, 1625 S. 1625 



vice Morley 



Died November 3, 1625 ; Will [P.C.C. 120 Clark] August 27 ; proved November 7, 1626. 
16Z5,Junel6 John Farmer, Grocer 



1625, Oct. 6 
(28) 



™John Poole, Mercer 



Farringdon .. .. ., . , vice Palmer 
Without, 
1625 

Farringdon . . S. 1625-6 . . vice Palmer 
Without, 
1625-31, 
Bridge, 
1631-3 
Master Mercers 1620, 1626. Died April, 1633; Will [P.C.C. 51 Eussell] proved 
May 1, 1683. 



79. The name is recorded as Ballett in Repertory 39, fi. 213b, 218, but he was almost 
certainly identical with William Ballard, saddler to Queen Henrietta Maria, who died in 
1618, as stated in the text above. 

79.* I have assumed that the Alderman of Vintry, 1626, was identical with the 
Alderman of Farringdon Without who had been discharged in the preceding year. This, 
however, is not absolutely certain; if such was the case, the fine inaposed as a condition 
of discharge on the former occasion had probably not been paid, and he was still liable to 
be called upon to serve as an Alderman. 

80, The actual date of admission, which is left undetermined in Vol. I., p. 159, is ascertained with 
precision from comparison of entries in Rep. 40, fo. 3, and Letter Book II., fo. 173. 



Cheonological List of Aldermen. 



59 



1625,Nov. 24 
(Feb. 7,1626) 


Sir Simon Leeohe, . . Castle Baynard, 

Merchant Taylor 1625-6 


. vice Handford 




Knighted September 26, 1625. Died 1637; Will [P.C.C. 
April 8, 1637. 


58 Goare] proved 


1625, Dec. 1 
(6) 


Mark Snelling, . . Dowgate, 1625 

Woodmonger 
Will [P.C.C. 34 Seager] February 20 ; proved April 17, 1634. 


. vice Orispe 


lfi25,Dec.l.5 
(Jan. 9,1626) 


John Pledwell (or . . Dowgate 

Pleydell), Mercer 1625-6 


. vice Snelling 


1626, Jan. 2 
(and sworn) 


(d*) so'Christopheb .. Aldersgate, .. S. 1625-6, 
Clitherow, 1626-8, M. 1635-6 
Ironmonger Billingsgate, 


. vice Westrowe 



1636, Jan. 17 



1626, Jan. 31 
(Feb. 9) 

1626, Feb. 28 
(Mar. 2) 



1626, Mar. 7 

(on or before 

April 20) 



1626,M:ar. 14 
(21) 



1626, May 4 
(and sworn) 



1626, June 6 
(19) 



1628-41 

Knighted January 15, 1636; M.P. London 1628-9; President Christ's Hospital 
1637-41; Committee E.I.C. 1613-6, 1617-35, 1638-11 (Deputy-Governor 1624-35, 
Governor 1638-41) : Court Assistants Levant Company 1616-7 ; Master Ironmongers 
1618, 1624. Died November 11, 1641; Will [P.C.C. 140 Evelyn] proved November 
22, 1641. 

(d*) ^^Gideon Delaune, . . Dowgate, 16S6 vice Pledwell 

Apothecary 
Master Apothecaries 1638-9, 1636-7. Died (buried March 3) 1669; Will [P.C.C. 380 
Pell] June 19, 1654 ; proved June 20, 1659. 

John Parker, . . Dowgate, 1626 . . . . . . vice Pledwell 

Merchant Taylor 
Died 1627 ; Will [P.C.C. 38 Skynner] cod. February 12 ; proved April 6, 1627. 
John Hanbury, . . Castle Baynard, . . . . . . vice Leeche 

Merchant Taylor 1626 

Knighted April 29, 1627; Sheriff Northamptonshire 1621-2, 1637-8. Died 1639; 
Will [P.C.C. 97 Harvey] March 27; proved June 13, 1639. 

Francis Pember, , . Castle Baynard vice Hanbury 

Ironmonger 1626 



Will [P.C.C. 17 Russell] cod. December 20, 1632; 

vice Parker 



S. 1626-7, 
M. 1636-7 



Sheriff Herefordshire 1624-5. 
proved February 1, 1633. 

Edwabd Bromfield, . . Dowgate, 
Leatherseller, 1626-37, 

translated to Walbrook, 

Fishmongers, 1637-42 

March 22, 16,S6 

Knighted June i, 1637; Governor Irish Society 1687-8; Colonel Trained Bands 
1633-42 ; Master Leathersellers 1626-6 ; Prime Warden Fishmongers 1636. 

KiCHABD Venn . . Castle Baynard, S. 1626-7, vice Pember 

(afterwards Fbnn), 1626-34, M. 1637-8 

Haberdasher Tower, 1634-9 

Knighted May 27, 1638; President Honourable Artillery Company 1633-4; 
Colonel Trained Bands 1631-9; Committee B.I.C. 1619-26, 1627-9, 1681-7, 1639; 
Master Haberdashers 1625-6, 1637-8. Died August 18, 1639 ; Will [P.C.C. 190 Harvey] 
proved November 26, 1639. 

8i*GeorgeBuswell (or.. Vintry, 1626 vice E. Allen' 

Boswell), Merchant 
Taylor 
Died May 15, 1632 ; Will [P.C.C. 64 Audley] proved June 28, 1632. 



80.* The new issue of the D.N.B. corrects some dates given in the original edition 
according to the old Civil computation. Other erroneous dates are still retained ; those 
given in the text above are accurate where they differ from, as well as where they agree 
with, the D.N.B. 

81. The original edition of D.N.B. (corrected in the new issue) misdates his election 
as Alderman by four years, and omits the name of his Ward. 

81.* In the record of his election his Christian name is erroneously given as John and 
his surname originally as 'Bonsell' corrected to ' Bouswell.' The Christian name is 
correctly given as George in the records of his admission and of his discharge, the 
surname appearing as ' Boswell,' the form I have adopted at p. 208 of Vol. I. From his 
will it appears that the true orthography is ' Buswell.' 



60 



Oheonological List of Aldeemen. 



1626, Sept. 7 
(12) 

1626,Sept.l9 
(Oct. JO) 

1626, Oct. 19 
(and sworn) 

1626, Oct. 26 

(Nov. 7) 

1626,Nov.U 
(28) 

1626, Nov.16 
(and sworn) 



1626, Deo. 14 
(Jan. 9, 1627) 



1626, Dec. 1.5 
(and sworn) 



1627, Jan. 16 
(23) 



1627, Jan. 25 
(and sworn) 



1627, Jan. 30 
(and sworn) 



William Palmer, 
Haberdasher 

Robert Myldmay, 
Orocer 
Master Grocers 1623-4. 

Peter Allen , Fishmonger 
Jolin Hurst, Draper 



(see 1625) . 
Vintry, 1626 



Langbourn, 
1626 



vice Buswell 



vice Palmer 



. . vice Johnson 



William Eves (or Ives) 
Vintiver 
(?) Will [P.C.C. 110 Audley] proved November 3, 1632, 



Vintry, 1626 

Vintry, 1626 vice Hurst 



vice 

Myldmay 



vice P. Allen 



John Hawkins, PTeauer Bridge Without 

1626 
Master Weavers 1628. Died September, 1633 ; Will [P.C.C. 87 Kussell] September 6 ; 
proved October 18, 1633. 



Sir Stephen Soame, 
Grocer 



Vintry, 1626-7 



vice Eves 



Knighted December 21, 1618 ; sheriff Essex 1621-2. Will [P.C.C. 14 Coventry] 
proved February 10, 1640. 



(d*)82Sie Moeris Abbot, 
Draper 



S. 1627-8, 
M. 1638-9 



vice Hawkins 



Bridge Without, 

1626-81, 

Coleman 

Street, 

1631-42 
Knighted April 12, 1625; m.P. Hull 1620-2, 1624-5 (elected 1626), London 1626; 
Auditor 1616-8; Committee B.I.C. 1607-9, 1611-41 (Deputy-Governor 1615-24, 
Governor 1624-37) ; Treasurer Levant Company {1614)-1616 (Court Assistants 
1616-24) ; Master Drapers 1625-6, 1637-8. Died (buried December 7) 1642 ; Will 
[P.C.C. 6 Rivers] November 22, 1643 ; proved November 29, 1644. 

Edward Cotton, . . Broad Street, vice 

Merchant Taylor 1627 Cokayne 

Master Merchant Taylors 1627-8. Died 1635; Will [P.C.C. 28 Sadler] proved 
March 24, 1635. 

John Meredith, Skinner Vintry, 1627 vice Soame 



Master Skinners 1627. Died February 12, 
1630 ; proved February 22, 1633. . 



1633; Will [P.C.C. 13 Russell] May 21, 



(D)'SHENBy Gaeraway 
(or Garway), Draper 



Vintry, 1627-39, 
Broad Street, 
1639-43 



S. 1627-8, 
M. 1639-40 



vice Meredith 



Knighted May 81, 1640 ; Colonel Trained Bands 1631 ; Committee E.I.C. 1614-43 
(Deputy-Governor 1636-9, Governor 1641-3) ; Governor Russia Company 1643 ; 
Governor Levant Company 1635-43 (Court Assistants 1614-28) ; Master Drapers 
1627-8, 1639-40. Died July, 1646 ; Will [P.C.C. 107 Twisse] March 8, 1645 ; proved 
July 30, 1646. 

82. This spelling (' Morris ') of his Christian name is in accordance with his own 
signature — 'Maurice,' which I had adopted in Vol. I. o£ this work, is more commonly 
found. The original article in D.N.B. included several errors corrected in the new 
issue, which, however, retains an incorrect date for his election as M.P. for Hull, states 
that he sat for London in the earliest parliament of Charles I., which is not the case, 
and also that he was one of the original ' directors ' of the E.I.C, which is equally 
contrary to fact. 

88. In the ' revised version ' of the D.N.B. the speech attributed to Garraway in 
January, 1642, which in the original issue is accepted as genuine, is admitted to be 
fictitious ; but the editor has, nevertheless, allowed the passage in the original article 
to remain uncancelled, in which, on the sole authority of that speech, Garraway is said 
(erroneously) to have been a member of the House of Commons. The D.N.B. makes 
his election as Sheriff precede that as Alderman, which is incorrect : it also dates his 
removal to Broad Street and the signature of his will according to the obsolete Civil 
reokoning of the years. [The spelling of the Alderman's name is very uncertain: 
in the E.I.C. Court Books the forms ' Garraway,' ' Garway,' ' Garroway,' are used 
indiscriminately, but his eldest son, William, signed ' Garway.'] 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 



61 



1627, Feb. 13 
(20) 

1627, Feb. 27 
(28) 

1627, Mar. 1 
(6) 



1627, Mar. 8 
(May 22) 

1627, Apr. 10 
(17) 

1627, Apr. 24 
(and sworn) 

1627, May Si 

1627, May 29 
(June 7) 



1627, May 31 
(and sworn) 



1627, June 19 

(28) 

1628, Jan. 22 

1628, Feb. 12 

(on or before 

21) 



1629, Feb. 3 
(and sworn) 



1629, June 2 
(and sworn) 

1629, June 11 
(and sworn) 



1629, June 16 
(and sworn) 



Francis Fuller, Jkforcer., Queenbithe, vice 

1627 E. Cotton 

Master Mercers 1629. Will [P.O.C. 42 Goare] proved March 23, 1637. 

Tbomas Morley, . . Queenbitbe vice Fuller 

Leatherseller 1627 

(?) Master Leathersellers 1601-5. 

Sir Henry Eowe, . . Queenbitbe, vice Morley 

Draper 1627 

Knigbted September 10, 1617. Died c June, 1660; Will [P.C.C. 101 Laud] 
May 20 ; proved July 9, 1660. 

Henry Best, Scrivener . . Queenbitbe vice Sowe 

1627 
(?) Died 1628 ; adm. October. 1628. 

Edward Gardner, .. Billingsgate vice Sir T. 

Fishmonger 1627 Bennett 

Will [P.C.C. 103 Pile] proved October 18, 1636, 

Eobert Morgan, . . Billingsgate vice Gardner 

Scrivener 1627 

Died 1627 ; Will [P.C.C. 99 Skynner] cod. September 10 ; proved October 30, 1627. 

John Hobson, Salter . , Queenhithe vice Best 

1627 

William Wollaston, . . Billingsgate, vice Morgan 

Draper 1627 

Sheriff Leicestershire 1629-30 ; Sheriff Staffordshire 1630-1. Died December 10, 1666 ; 
Will [P.C.C. 74 Carr] proved May 20, 1667. 

Bowland Backhouse, . . Queenbitbe, . . S. 1628-9 . . vice Best 
Mercer 1627-32, 

Bisbopsgate, 
1632-4, 
Bassisbaw, 
1634-40 
Master Mercers 1628, 1687. Died August 4, 1648 ; Will [P.C.C. 129 Essex] November 
12, 1647 ; proved August 12, 1648. 

Jobn Cbamberlain, . . Billingsgate, vice 

Draper 1627-8 Wollaston 

William Mott, Plumber Billingsgate I'ice 

2628 Chamberlain 

WiUiam Acton, . . Aldersgate, . . S. 1628-9 . . vice 

Merchant Taylor 1628-43 Cbamberlain 

Created Baronet May, 1629. Died January 22, 1651; Will [P.C.C. 44 Grey] May 
30, 1650 ; proved March 26, 1661. 

Humphrey Smitb, .. Farringdon .. S. 1629-30 .. vice 

Grocer Witbin, Sir A. Cotton 

1629-34, 
Cheap, 1634-8 
Auditor 1624-6; Colonel Trained Bands 1631-8; President Honorable Artillery 
Company, 1634-8 ; Master Grocers 1626-7 ; ' ommittee E.I.C. lb06-9, lbl8-9, 
1622-5, 1626-8; Master Grocers 1626-7. Died August, 1638; adm. September 14, 
1638. 

Thomas Smytb, S&mner Cordwainer vice Hodges 

1629 
Master Skinners 1629, 

Richard Aldwortb, . . Cordwainer vice Smyth 

Skinner 1629 

Master Skinners 1630. Died 1643; Will [P.C.C. 18 Bowyer] March 9,1643; proved 
October, 1643. 

Sir Gervais Elwes, . . Cordwainer vice Aldwortb 

Merchant Taylor 1629 

Knigbted April 26, 1629. Died 1653 ; Will [P.C.C. 323 Brent] May 30, 1638 
proved April 16, 1653. 



62 



CHRONOLOaiCAL LiST OF AlDERMEN. 



1629, June 19 J eSerj.Kiihy, Grocer .. Cordwainer, vice Elwes 

(and sworn) 1629 

Committee B.I.O. 1608-10,1611-6, 1617-82; Treasurer Levant Company 1616-8 (Court 
Assistants 1614-6, 1618-30). Died December 26, 1632; Will [P.O.C. 126 Audley] 
proved December 31, 1632. 

1629, June 22 Robert Jeflereyes, .. Cordwainer .. .. vice Kirby 

(and sworn) Haherdasher 1629 

Master Haberdashers 1629-30 ; Committee E.I.C. 1621-2. Died 1631 ; Will [P.C.C. 118 
St. John] proved November 17, 1631. 



1629, June 23 
(and sworn) 



Robert Bateman, 
Skinner 



Cordwainer, 
1629 



vice Jeftereyes 



City Cbamberlam 1626-43 ; M.P. Weymouth 1614; London 1620-2, 1624-5, 1626; 
Auditor 1617-9 ; Committee E.I.C. 1614-9 (Treasurer 1619-44) ; Court Assistants 
Levant Company 1622-4 ; Master Sliinners 1620. Died December 11, 1644 ; Will 
[P.C.C. 100 Rivers] cod. December 1, 1643 ; proved August 2, 1645. 

1629,Juue23 Edmund Weight, .. Cordwainer, .. S. 1629-30, .. vice Bateman 
(24) Grocer 1629-48 M. 1640-1 

Knighted June 20, 1641 ; president St. Thomas' Hospital 1642-3. Died July, 
1643 ; Will [P.C.C. 21 Crane] adm. August 22, 1643. 



1631, Sept. 13 83* Anthony Abdy, 
(and sworn) Clothworker 



Bridge Without, 
1631-5, 
Candlewiok, 
1635-40 



S. 1630-1 



vice Myddelton 



Auditor 1627-9; Deputy-Governor Levant Company 1627-9 (Court Assistants 1614, 
1616-23); Committee B.l.C. 1619-40 (Deputy -Governor 1636-6); Master Cloth- 
workers 1632. Died September 10, 1640; Will [P.C.C. 120 Coventry] proved 
December 4, 1640. 



1631, Deo. 13 
(and sworn) 



Robert Cambell, . . Farringdon . . S. 1630-1 . . vice Haoket 

Ironmonger Without, 

1631-5, 
Bridge 
Without, 
1635-8 
Committee E.I.C. 1633-4 ; Master Ironmongers 1631. Died November 11, 1638; Will 
[P.C.C. 168 Lee] August 15, 1635 ; proved November 14, 1638. 



1632, Mar. 13M 
(and sworn) 



Samuel Cranmer, Brewer Cripplegate, 
1632-40 



S. 1631-2 



vice Heylin 



Master Brewers 1631-2, 1638-9. Died October 5, 1640 ; Will [P.C.C. 142 Coventry] 
November 4, 1640. 



1632, June 19 
(and sworn) 



1633, July 4 

(9) 
[Court] 



Hugh Perry, 2lf(3rc«r .. Queenhithe, .. S. 1632-3 .. vice Lenian 
1632-4 

Committee E.I.C. 1627-32, 1633-5 ; Master Mercers 1633. Died December, 1634 ; Will 
[P.C.C. 108 Seager] proved December 23, 1634. 

Henry Pratt, Merchant Bridge, 1633-41 S. 1631-2 . . vice Poole 
Taylor 

Knighted July 26, 1641; Created Baronet July, 1641; Master Merchant 
Taylors 1630-1. Died April 6, 1647 ; Will [P.C.C. 41 Fairfax] July 2, 1645; proved 
April 16, 1649. 



1634, ]Mar. 4 
(6) 



Henry Andrewes, 
Haberdasher 



Farringdon 
Within, 
1634-8 



S. 1632-3 



vice Barkham 



Auditor 1626-8; Colonel Trained Bands 1635-8; President Honorable Artillery 
Company 1638; Master Haberdashers 1633-4; Committee E.I.C. 1626-7, 1628-32, 
1633-8. Died August, 1638 ; Will [P.C.C. 127 Lee] August 17 ; proved October 17, 
1638. 



83.* The insertion of ' Sir ' before his name in Vol. I., p. 349, is a lapsus calami 
corrected at p. 422. 

84. Not March 8 as in Vol. I., page 132. 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 



63 



1634, May4Si' 
(and sworn) 



1634, Aug. 26 
(and sworn) 



1634, Sept. 4 

(on or before 

16) 



1635, Jan. 27 
(and sworn) 



Gilbert Harrison, . . Castle Baynard, S. 1633-4 . . vice Freeman 
Goldsmith 1634-8, 

Cheap, 
1638-41 
City Chamberlain 1643-51 ; prime Warden Goldsmiths 1634-5. Died October 1, 

(D)s«RicHAEDGuENEY(or Bishopsgate, .. S. 1633-4, .. vice Ducye 
GuRNABD), Clothworker 1684-7, M. 1641-2 

Dowgate, 
1637-42 
Knighted November 25, 1641 ; Created Baronet December, 1641 • 
President Christ's Hospital 1641-3; Master Glothworters 1633. Died October 6' 
1647 ; Will [P.C.C. 201 FinesJ September 26 ; proved October 12, 1647. 

John Highlord, Sfemn«r Portsoken, .. S. 1634-5 .. viceLumley 
16.S4-9, 
Tower, 
1639-41 
Committee E.I.C. 1630-4, 1635-41 ; Master Skinners 1632. Died December 1641 • Will 
[P.C.C. 150 EvelynJ proved December 18, 1641. 

John Cordell, Mercer . . Queenhithe, . . S. 1634-5 . . vice Perry 
1635-40, [Elected S. 1631] 

Bassishaw, 
1640-7 

Knighted December 3, 1641 : Deputy-Governor Irish Society 1631-2 ; President 
Christ's Hospital 1643-8; Master Mercers 1632, 1643, 1648; Treasurer Levant 
Company 1626-8 [Court Assistants 1614-6, 1617-26, 1628-35] ; Committee E.I C 
1625-28, 1629-34, 1635-44, 1645-6, 16478. Died March 5, 1649 ; adm. May 4, 1649 



1635, July 28 Thomas Soame, Grocer 
(August 3) 



S. 1635-6 



vice Deane 



1636, Oct. 27 
(and sworn) 



1636, Nov. 3 
(and sworn) 



Parringdon 

Without, 

1635-9, 

Vintry, 

1639-41, 

Cheap, 

1641-9, 1660-7 
Knighted December 3, 1641 ; m.P. London 1640-8, 1660 ; Colonel Trained Bands 
1638-42 ; President Honourable Artillery Company 1639-45 ; Court Assistants Le\ ant 
Company 1616-7 ; Committee E.I.C. 1640-3, 1649-50 ; Master Grocers 1644-5. Died 
January 1, 1671 ; adm. January 17, 1671. 

(d)85* John Gayek (or . . Aldgate, 1636-49 S. 1635-6, . . vice 
Gaybb), Fishmonger M. 1646-7 Hammersley 

Knighted December 3, 1641 ; Colonel Trained Bands 1638-42; President Christ's 
Hospital 1648-9 ; Prime Warden Fishmongers 1688 ; Committee E.I.C. 1626-35 
1636-9, 1641-9 (elected Deputy-Governor 1639); Treasurer Levant Company 16S0-2 
(Court Assistants 1617-8, 1622-3, 1624 6, 1627-30, 1632-6 ; Husband 1626-7). Died 
July 20, 1649 ; Will [P. CO. 133 Fairfax] December 19, 1648 ; proved September 7. 
1649. 

(d*)*! William Abell, .. 
Vintner 
Master Vintners 1637-8. 



Bread Street, . . 
1636-42 



S. 1636-7 .. vice Parkhurst 



84.' Not May 13 as in Vol. I., page 93. 

85. The Article in D.N.B., which is accurate and careful, omits the dates of his 
election as Alderman and does not particularise his Wards, and it overlooks his Presidency 
of Christ's Hospital. 

85.* ' Gayer ' is in accordance with the Alderifian's signature : ' Gayre ' is the usual 
form in the City records. The D.N.B. article ignores his connexion with the Levant 
Company and commits the usual anachronism of styling him an E.I.C. ' Director.' 

86. The original issue of the D.N-B. (corrected in the new edition) misdates his 
election as Sheriff and assigns his resignation of his Aldermanry vaguely to ' the interval ' 
(between 1642 and 1652). The actual date of election as Alderman which I had left open 
at Vol. I., p. 49,is established by comparing Rep.51,ff. 1, 5b, with Letter Book N.N. fo. 53. 



64 



Cheonological List of Aldermen. 



1637, Feb. 7 
(and sworn) 



1638,Sept.l3 
(and sworn) 



Jacob Garrard, Salter 



1638,Sept.l8 
(and sworn) 



1639, Jan. 29 
(and sworn) 



1639, Feb. 5 
(and sworn) 



Bishopsgate, . 
1637-40, 
Candlewick, 
1640-8 



S. 1636-7 



vice Sir J. Gore 



Knigbted December 3, 1641 : created Baronet August, 1662 ; Committee 
E.I.C. 1641-2, 1643-4, 1615-6, 1647-56. Died 1666 ; Will [P.C.C. 162 Mioo] cod. July 27, 
1665; proved Novemter 3, 1666. 



Thomas Atkyn, Mercer Farringdou . . S. 1637-8, . . vice Andrewes 

Witbin, M. 1644-5 

1638-42, 

Lime Street, 

1642-58, 

Bridge 

Without, 

16.58-61 
Knigbted (by tbe Protector) December 5, 1657 ; M.P. Norwich 1640, 1646-63, 
1669-60; Colonel Bed Regiment 1642-c 1645; President Christ's Hospitall660-1 ; 
Master Mercers 1644. 



Edward Rudge, Salter. 



vice Smith 



Castle Baynard, S. 1637-8 
1638-40 

Master Salters 1638. Diedeo* (buried December 18) 1640; Will [P.C.C. 162 Coventry] 
November 17; proved December 19, 1640. 

(d)87Isaac Pbnington, . . Bridge Without, S. 1638-9, . . vice 
Fishmonger 1639-57 M. 1642-3 B. Oambell 

Councillor of State 1649-51, 1651-2 ; M.P. London 1640-53, 1669-60 ; Colonel White 
Regiment 1642 ; Lieutenant Tower 1642-6 ; Governor Levant Company 1644-64 ; 
Prime Warden Fishmongers 1640. Died December 17, 1661. 



John Wollaston, 
Goldsmith 



Farringdon .. S. 1638-9, .. vice Moulson 

Without, M. 1643-4 

1639-42, 

Dowgate, 

1642-4, 

Aldersgate, 

1644-7, 

Bridge 

Without, 

1657-8 
Knighted December 3, 1641 ; Deputy-Governor Irish Society 16.:b-4, 1636-7 ; 
Colonel Trained Bands 1641, Tellow Regiment 1642-c 1645 ; President Bethlem 
and Bridewell 1642-9; President Christ's Hospital 1649-68; Prime Warden 
Goldsmiths 1639-40. Died April 26, 1668; Will [P.C.C. 248 Wotton] April 16; 
proved May 14, 1663. 



1639, Oct. 8 
(and sworn) 



ip*)^ Thomas Adams, 
Draper 



S. 1639-40, 
M. 1645-6 



vice Fenn 



Portsoken, 

1639-41, 

Billingsgate, 

1641-6, 

Cornhill, 

1646-9, 1660-8 
Knighted May 26, 1660 ; created Baronet June, 1660 ; M.P. London 1664-6, 
1656-8 ; Colonel Blue Regiment 1642-c 1645 ; President St. Thomas' Hospital 1643-60, 
1660-8 ; Governor Irish Society 1662-8 ; Master Drapers 1640-1. Died February 24, 
1668 ; Will [P.C.C. 39 Hene] February 7 ; proved April 9, 1668. 

86.* The date of death is erroneously given as July 25, 1640, in Vol. I., p. 93. 

87. He is wrongly described in D.N.B. by the prefix ' Sir ' (see Vol. I., p. 25 of this 
work). Also the years of his election as Alderman and of two of his three elections as 
Member of the Council of State are given according to the obsolete Civil year computation, 
that of the third being altogether wrong. Two different years are assigned for his death in 
the headline and in the text in the original issue ; in the revised edition the erroneous date 
is printed in both places, the correct one being altered. The true date might easily have 
been ascertained from the Calendar of State Papers, Domestic Series, Charles II., 1661-2, 
Vol. 2, p. 184. The name of his Ward is not given in D.N.B. 

88. The original article in D.N.B., which is very meagre in its details of his life, 
gives the date of death according to the obsolete computation, and only names one of his 
Wards. In the new issue Billingsgate should be read for ' Bishopsgate.' 



CHEONOLoaicAL LiST OF Aldbrmen. 65 

1640,Mar.l2 John Wabnbb, Oocer. . Queenhithe, .. S. 1639-40, .. vice Backhouse 
(and sworn) 1640-8 M. 1647-8 

Colonel Green Begiment 1642-c 1645. Died October 27, 1648 ; Will [P.C.C. 178 Essex] 
October 22 ; proved December X8, 1648. 

1640, Nov.lO John Towse, Orocer . . Cripplegate, . . S. 1640-1 . . vice Oranmer 
(and sworn) 1640-5 

Colonel Orange Eegiment 1642-5. Died May 28, 1645 ; Will [P.C.C. 73 Eivers] May 27 ; 
proved June 20, 1645. 

1640,Nov.l2 (d)89 Abraham .. Bishopsgate, .. S. 1640-1, .. vice Abdy 

(and sworn) Ebynabdson, 1640-8, M. 1648-9 

Merchant Taylor Oandlewick, [Elected S. 1639, 

1648-9, M.1660] 

Bassishaw, 
1660-1 
Knighted July 5, 1660 ; President St. Bartholomevf's Hospital 1649; Treasurer 
Levant Company 1639-41 (Court Assistants 1630-2, 1685-6); Master Merchant Taylors 
1640-1; Committee E.I.C. 1630-1, 1634-5, 1636-40, 1641-60, 1653-4, 1655-6. Died 
October 4, 1661 ; Will [P.C.C. 163 May] cod. October 1 ; proved October 22,1661. 

1640, Deo. 18 George Benson, .. Castle Baynard, vice Budge 

(and sworn) Merchant Taylor 1640 

Master Merchant Taylors 1631-2. Died (buried February 2) 1644 ; Will [P.C.C. 192 
Twisse] ; proved Decercber 2, 1646. 

1640, Dec. 22 Robert Hudson, .. Castle Baynard vice Benson 

(and sworn) Haberdasher 1640-1 

Master Haberdashers 1634-5. Died 1641 ; Will [P.C.C. 113 Evelyn] ; proved September 20, 
1641. 

1641, Jan. 17 Peter Blore, ScWwwej- . . Castle Baynard vice Hudson 

(26) 1641 

1641, Jan. 28 Thomas Lawley, I>raper Castle Baynard, [Elected B. 1639] vice Blore 
(Feb. 4) 1641 

Created Baronet August, 1641 ; M.P.Wenlockl625, 1626,1628-9; Master Drapers 
1642-3. Died October 19, 1646 ; Will [P.C.C. 185 Twisse] ; adm. December 16, 
1646. 

1641,Mar.l6 Isaac Jones Castle Baynard, vice Lawley 

(24) Merchant Taylor 1641 

1641, Apr. 15 George Garrett, Draper Castle Baynard, S. 1641-2 ..vice Jones 
(21) 1641-8 [Elected S. 1639] 

Knighted December 3, 1641; M.P. Hindon 1640 ; Master Drapers 1641-2. Died 
November 30, 1648; Will [P.C.C. 175 Essex] cod. November 19; proved December 
17,. 1848. 

1641, Aug. 5 George Clarke, Grocer . . Bridge, 1641-8 S. 1641-2 .. vice Pratt 
(23) [Elected S. 1639] 

Knighted December 3, 1641; Auditor 1635-J ; President St. Bartholomew's 
Hospital 1646-9; Committee E.I.C. 1640-4.. Died c January 30, 1649 ; Will [P.C.C. 
47 Fairfax] January 17, 1647 ; proved April 18, 1649. 

1641, Oct, 5 Thomas Austen, .. Vintry, 1641-2 [Elected S. 1639] vice Harrison 

(and sworn) Clothworker „„„,„,„ ^^ , ;, 

Master Clothworkers 1641. Died October 30, 1658; Will [P.C.C. 716 Wootton] cod. 
October 80 ; proved December 15, 1658. 

1641, Dec. 16 Thomas Keightley, .. Portsoken. 1641 [Elected S. 1639] vice Clitherow 
(and sworn) Skinner „ ^ „, . ,„„ 

^ SheriH Herts 1651-2; Elected Committee EI.C. 1^38; Master Skmners 1641 

Died February 22, 1663; Will [P.C.C. 20 Juxon] November 27, 1662, proved 

February 27, 1663. 



89. The D.N.B. does not name any of his three Wards, nor does it give the date at 
which he became an Alderman. His father-in-law, Nicholas Crisp, is erroneously 
described as Alderman. 



66 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 



16i2,Jan. 11 

(May 12) 



John Langham, Orocer 



1642, Sept. 6 
(8) 



1643, Jan. 10 
(13) 

1643,Mar. 13 
(16) 



Portsoken, .. S. 1642-3 .. vice Keightley 
1642-8, [Elected S. 1639] 

Bishopsgate, 
1648-9, 1660 

Knighted May 25, 1660 ; created Baronet June, 1660 ; M.P. London 1654-5 ; 
Southwark 1660-1 ; Committee E.I.O. 1626-7, 1628-42 ; Treasurer Iievajit Company 
1632-4 (Court Assistants 1621-32, 1634-8, elected Governor 1654). Died May 13, 
1671 i Will [P.C.C. 79 Duke] November 1, 1670 ; proved June 21, 1671. 



1642, Jan. 20 
(Feb. 15) 



1642, May 14 
(and sworn) 



1642,June 21 
(and sworn) 



1642, Aug. 20 
(23) 



1642, Aug. 26 
(30) 



Thomas Andbbwbs, 
Leatherseller 



Tower, 1642-9, S. 1642-3, . . vice Highlord 
Aldgate, M. 1619, 1650-1 

1649-59 

Knighted (by the Protector) November 14, 1657 ; President St. Thomas' 
Hospital 1650-9 ; Commissioner Customs 1648-5 ; Committee E. I.0. 1643-69 (Deputy- 
Governor 1657-9, Governor 1659); Master Leathersellers 1638-9. Died (buried 
August 20) 1659 ; adm. August 20, 1669. 

(Sir) Hugh Windham . . Vintry, 1642-3 [Elected S. 1637, vice Austen 
(Bart.), Ironmonger 1610] 

Created Baronet August, 1641 ; Master Ironmongers 1638, 1642. Died 1663 ; 
Will [P.O.0. 101 Juxon] September 17, 1661; proved July 18, 1663. 

(d) ™John Powke, . . Parringdon . . S. 1643-4, . . vice Sir J. 
Haberdasher Within, M. 1652-3 Oambell 

1642-9, 
Tower, 
1649-62 
M.P. London 1661-2; President Christ's Hospital 1661-2; Committee E.I.C. 1625-6; 
Court Assistants Levant Company 1629-30; Commissioner Customs 1643-45; 
Master Haberdashers 1642-3, 1652-3, 1655. Died April 22, 1662. 

James Bunce, . . Bread Street, . . S. 1643-4 . . vice Abell 

Leatherseller 1642-9, 1660 

Knighted May, 1660 ; created Baronet 1660 ; President Honourable Artillery 
Company 1645; Master Leathersellers 1643-4. Died December 13, 1670; Will 
[P.C.C. 33 Bunce] December 12, 1670 ; proved March 19, 1674. 



William Gibbs, 
Goldsmith 



Parringdon 
Without, 
1642-9 



S. 1644-5 



. . vice Gurney 



M.P. Suffolk 1654-5, 1656-8; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1643-4. Died c May, 1689; 
Will [P.C.C. 80 Ent] cod. May 4 ; proved June 19, 1689. 

(d) iiRichard Chambers, Walbrook, . . S. 1644-5 . . vice Bromfield 
Girdler 1642-9 

Commissioner Customs 1643-6 ; Court Assistants Levant Company 1628-30, 1638-42 ; 
Master Girdlera 1631. Died August 20, 1658 ; Will [P.C.C. 417 Wootton] August 
15; proved September 1, 1668. 

Samuel Warner, Grocer Coleman Street, [Elected S. 1646] vice Abbot 
1643-5 



WiUiam Berkeley, . . Vintry, 1643-5 vice Windham 

Haberdasher 
Commissioner Customs 1643-5; Master Haberdashers 1643-4. Died (buried March 1) 
1653 ; aim. September 8, 1653. 



1643, May 9 William Ashwell, Grocer Aldersgate, vice Acton 

(16) 1643-4 

Treasurer St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1643; Committee E.I.O. 1638-47, 1648-51, 1652-3, 
1664-6. Died November, 1675; Will [P.C.C. 106 Dycer] October 30; proved 
November 26, 1675. 



90. The writer of the D.N.B. article, who names neither of his Wards and omits the 
date of his election as Alderman, makes him identical with the John Powke who 
bequeathed certain lands to Christ's Hospital, which is clearly impossible, inasmuch as 
the Alderman died in 1662 and the will containing these bequests is dated October 26, 
1686! It also makes him the subject of a portrait dated 1691. i.e., 29 years after his 
death. The assumption that he retained his Commissionership of Customs after 1645 
is not correct. 

91. The D.N.B. contains a good article on him by Professor Pirth. 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 



67 



. . vice Garaway 



1643,Mayl6 Thomas Foot (or Foots) , Broad Street, . . S. 1645-6, 
(25) Grocer 1643-8, M. 1649-50 

Coleman 
Street, 
1648-60 
Knighted (by the Protector) December 5, 1657; created Baronet 
November, 1660 ; Councillor of State 1660 ; m.p. London 1664-5, 1656-8 
Commissioner Excise 1643-(?)55; President St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1649-61 
Committee E.I.C. 1657-9 ; Governor Irish Society 1657-60. Died October 12, 1687 
Will [P.C.C. 136 Foot] ood. January 2, 1684 ; proved November 17, 1687, 

, vice Wbitmore 



, May 25 


John Kbndbickb, 


. . Langbourn, . . 


S. 1645-6, 


(30) 


Grocer 


1643-8, 

Broad Street, 
1648-61 


M. 1651-2 



1643, Aug. 3 
(and sworn) 



Commissioner Excise 1643-50. Died c February, 1661 ; Will [P.C.C. 26 May] May 26, 
1655 ; proved February 22, 1661. 

(D*)92Thomas Cullum,.. Cordwainer, .. S. 1646-7 .. vice Wright 
Draper 1643-52 

Created Baronet June, 1660; Auditor 1659-61; Commissioner Excise 1643-50; 
Master Drapers 1643-4. Died April 6, 1664 ; Will [P.C.C. 60 Bruce] May 2, 1662; 
proved May 20, 1664. 



1644, Sept. 8 
(and sworn) 



1645, June 17 
(and sworn) 



1645, July 17 
(24) 



1645, July 29 
(31) 



S. 1646-7 . . vice Ashwell 
[Elected M. 1662] 



5'Simon Edmonds, .. Dowgate, 
Haberdasher 1644-50, 

Candlewick, 
1650-2 
Commissioner Excise 1643-60 ; Treasurer Levant Company 1636-9 (Court Assistants 
1615-6, 1619-20, 1621-2, 1626-31, 1633-6, 1639-45); Committee E.I.C. 1656; Master 
Haberdashers 1644-6. Died October 10, 1666; Will [P.C.C. 875 Berkley] 
September 19 ; proved November 6, 1656. 

Samuel Avery, . . . . Oripplegate, . . S. 1647-8 . . vice Towse 
Merchant Taylor 1645-7, 

Bassishaw, 
1647-53 
M.P. London 1664-5 ; Commissioner Customs 1645-9 ; Master Merchant Taylors 1646-6. 
Will [P.C.C. 64 Bunoe] January 6, 1658 ; proved May 4, 1664. 

Thomas Hussey, Grocer Vintry, 1645 vice Berkeley 

M.P. Whitchurch 1646-53, Andover 1656-7. Will [P.C.C. 63 Wootton] cod. December 
14, 1657 ; proved February 25, 1668. 

''3*Thomas Bonest, . . Vintry. 1645 vice Hussey 

Grocer 
Committee E.I.C. 1630-3, 16.34-6. Died 1658 ; Will [P.C.C. 699 Wootton] April 26 ; 
proved December 9, 1658. 



1645, Aug. 26 
(and sworn) 



John Bide, Brewer 



Vintry, 1645-9 S. 1647-8 



vice Bonest 



Master Brewers 1643-4. Died September 14, 1665 ; Will [P.C.C. 45 Carr] November 
6, 1669 ; adm. April 1, 1677. 



1645, Nov. 25 George Witham, .. Coleman Street, 

(and sworn) Leatherseller 11545-8 

Master Leathersellers 1646-7. 



vice 
S. Warner 



92. The error (already noted under Reynardson) of describing his father-in-law, 
Nicholas Crisp, as an Alderman occurs also in the D.N.B. article on CuUum. The 
original edition gives neither the name of his Ward nor the date of his election as 
Alderman, which are supplied by the present writer for the new issue. 

93. In the D.N.B. article on Sir C. Packe, Edmonds is described as ' Lord Mayor of 
London,' an office to which he was elected (as above) but which he did not accept. 

93.* His name is entered in the Repertory as ' Bonus ' in the records of his election 
and admission, but correctly in that of his discharge. 



68 



Chronological List of Aldbkmbn. 



1646 'i (be- 
tween Sept. 
17 and Oct. 
6) 



1647,Sept.23 
(Oct. 5) 



1647, Oct. 14 
(19) 



1648, Mar. '2 
(and sworn) 

1648, Mar. 9 
(and sworn) 

1648, Apr. 18 



1648, Apr. 20 
(May 2) 



1648, June 29 
(July 4) 



0''*Thoma.s Vyneb (or Billingsgate, . . S. 1648-9, . . vice Eainton 

Vines), Goldsmith 1646-51, M. 1653-4 

Lang^ourn, 
1651-60 
Knighted (by the Protector) February 8, 1654 (by the King) August 1, 
1660 ■ created Baronet June, 1661 ; President Christ's Hospital 1658-60 ; 
Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1645-6. Died May 11, 1665 ; Will [P.C.C. 65 Hyde] 
March 16 ; proved May 19, 1665. 

(D)i'5William Methold, . . Oripplegate vice Cordall 

Skinner 1647 

Treasurer Excise 1643- (?) ; Committee B.l.C. 1640-53 (Deputy-Governor 1643-53). 
Died March 5, 1663 ; Will [P.C.C. 321 Brent] February 28; proved April 16, 1653. 

(d)S''Chbistophee Pack Oripplegate, . . S. 1649-50, . . vice Methold 
(or Packe), Draper 1647-53, M. 1651-5 

Basslshaw, 
1653-60, 
Elected for 
Cornhill,1649 
Knighted (by the Protector) September 20, 1655 ; styled ' Lord Pack ' 
(as a member of the ' Other House ') 1657-60 ; M.P. London 1656-7 ; 
Auditor 1645-7 ; President Bethlem and Bridewell 1649-60 ; Commissioner Cus- 
toms 1645-9; Commissioner Admiralty 1655; Governor Merchant Adventurers 
(1657) ; Committee E.I.C. 1657-9 ; Master Drapers 1648-9, 1664-5. Died May 27, 
1682; Will [P.C.C. 74 Cottle] November 10, 1681 ; proved June 26, 1682. 

Gilbert Morewode, . . Langbourn vice Witham 

Grocer 1648 

Committee E.I.C. 1641-50. 

(D)!"John La Motte, . . Langbourn vice 

Weaver 1648 Morewode 

Died July 13, 1655 ; Will [P.C.C. 86 Aylett] May 23 ; proved August 8, 1656. 

Zachary Highlord, . . (see June 29, vice Garrard 

Skinner 1648, and Vol. 

I., p. 38) 

Edward Claxton, . . Langbourn vice La Motte 

Clothworker 1648 

Commissioner Excise 1643-50 ; Master Clothworkers 1634-5. Died September 1,1653; 
adm. September 30, 1663. 

Zachary Highlord, . . Bishopsgate vice Garrard 

Skinner 1648 

Master Skinners 1646. Died c December, 1653 ; Will [P.C.C. 459 Alchin] December 3, 
1653 ; proved January 25, 1654. 



94. There is no record of Vyuer's first election as Alderman : he first appears as 
present on October 6, 1646, his predecessor in Billingsgate Ward having been removed to 
Cornhill on September 17. 

94.* The D.N.B. article represents him as the successor of Browne in Langbourn 
Ward, from which Aldermanry Browne had been ejected more than sixteen months 
earlier and had had six successors in it in the interim I His Knighthood by Charles II. 
is omitted, as also his Presidency of Christ's Hospital. The name of Alderman Bachwell, 
(Viner's partner in the purchase of ' Spanish prize plate ' \sic'\ , by which the silver 
bullion captured by Blaise when he burned the Plate fleet is meant) is given as 
' Blaokwell,' which, as there was a contemporary 'Alderman Blaclswell,' is misleading. 

95. The writer of the D.N.B. article on Methold ignores his election as Alderman 
and speaks of him as being Deputy-Governor of the E.I.C. 'in 1650,' as if for that year 
only, whereas he held the office continuously for the last ten years of his life. The 
statement that ' a " free brother " of the E.I.C was ' in effect a Director ' must have 
been evolved from the writer's inner consciousness ; it is sheer nonsense. 

96. The D.N.B. slightly misdates his election for Cripplegate, and omits altogether 
his removal to Basslshaw. (See also Note 93, p. 67). It has also failed to find the 
date of his appointment as Commissioner of Customs. 

97. In this case, as in that of Methold, his election as Alderman is ignored. The 
minute of his election definitely describes him as a Weaver, of which Company the 
writer of the article, with a refinement of caution, remarks that ' he appears to have 
been a member.' 



CHEONOLOaiCAL LiST OF Aldeembn. 69 

1648,June 29 (d'josEichaed Bbowne, Langbourn, . . S. 1648 9, . . vice Claxton 
(July 4) Woodmonger, ad- 1648-9, M. 1660-1 

mitted to Merchant 1660-9 
Taylors December 10, 
1656 

Knighted May 23, 1660; created Baronet July, 1660; M.P. Wycombe 
1645-8, 1660; London 1656-8, 1659, 1660-1, Ludgershall 1661-9; Colonel Orange 
Regiment 1660-9; President Bethlem and Bridewell 1660-908*; Commissioner 
Appeals 1662-9. Died September 24, 1669. 

164S,Sept.l4 Eicbard Bateman, .. Portsoken, .. [Elected S. 1649] vice Highlord 
(19) Skinner 1648-9 

Commissioner Customs 1645-8; Committee B.I.C. 1638-9, 1641-7, 1648-51; Court 
Assistants Levant Company 1641-8, 1645-6, 1647-8 ; Master Skinners 1643-4. 

1648, Nov. 7 Francis Ash, Goldsmith Bridge, 1648 vice Clarke 

(9) 

Auditor 1644-6; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1649-50. Died 1660; Will [P.C.C. 22 
Nabbs] June 19, 1657 ; proved April 3, 1660. 

1648, Nov.28 (D)99Rowlaud Wilson, . . Bridge, 1648-50 S. 1649-50 . . vice Ash 
(Dec. 12) Junr., Vintner 

Oounoillor of State 1649-50 ; M.P. Calne 1646-50 ; Colonel Orange Eegiment 
1645-50. Died February 19, 1650 ; Will [P.C.C. 56 Pembroke] February 16 ; proved 
April 2, 1650. 

1648, Dec. 5 Walter Pell, . . . . Queenhithe, vice 

(12) Merchant Taylor 1648 J. Warner 

Auditor 1647-9 ; Master Merchant Taylors 1649-50. Died 1672 ; Will [P.C.C. 112 Eure] 
April 7 ; proved September 26, 1672. 

1649, Jan. 20 9i'*JoHN Dethick, . . Queenhithe, . . S. 1650, . . vice Pell 

(23) Mercer 1649-57, M. 1655-6 

Cornhill, 
1657-60 

Knighted (by the Protector) September 15, 1656, (by the King) April 13, 
1661. Died March 31, 1671 ; Will [P.C.C. 46 Duke] March 16 ; proved April 6, 
1671. 

1649, Jan. 20 Roger Draper, .. .. Castle Baynard, [Elected S. 1639] vice Garratt 
(30) Merchant Taylor 1649 

Master Merchant Taylors 1628-9. Died May, 1659 ; Will [P.C.C. 356 Pell] May 4 ; 
proved June 2, 1659. 

[On April 7, 1649, five Royalist Aldermen (Sir J. Gayer, T. Adams, J. Langham, 
J. Bunce, A. Reynardson) vfere discharged by order of the House of Commons 
which on April 2 had ejected Gayer from the lilayoralty.] 

1649, Apr. 16 James Martin, .. .. Castle Baynard vice Draper 

(17) Fishmonger 1649 

Committee E.I.C. 1646-51. Died 1651; Will [P.C.C. 245 Grey] October 29; proved 
December 16, 1651. 

1649, Apr. 16 William Leman, .. (see July, 1653) .. .. .. vice Bunce 

Fishmonger 

98. The D.N.B. article omits his connexion with the Merchant Taylors' Company 
and his election to the Parliament of 1661, of which he was a member till his death. 
There is an apparent misprint in the date of his election as Lord Mayor. Overall 
(Bemembrancia, p. 199), who is followed by Mr. Cokayne in his Baronetage, erroneously 
states that he removed to Bridge Without in 1663, confounding him with another 
Richard Browne, who was neither a knight nor a baronet ; he also misdates his death. 

98.* Not 'imO-S,a,& in D.N.B. 

99. The D.N.B. contains a short but adequate article on Wilson, free from in- 
aocurracies. si sic omnia I 

99.* The spelling in the text above is that of his signature; in Vol. I. (pp. 125, 
194, 231 and elsewhere) I have followed the repertories in adding a final ' e ' to his name. 



70 Chronological List of Aldermen. 



1649, Apr. 17 ™Jolin Trott, .. .. Cornhill, 1619 vice Adams 

(and sworn) Haberdasher 

Committee E.I.C. 1036-7, 1639-41. Died 1658 ; Will [P.C.C. 19 Pell] July 11, 1657 ; 
proved January 6, 1659. 

1649, Apr. 26 Nathan Wright, . . Bishopsgate vice Langliana 

- (27) Skinner 1649 

Committee E.I.C. 1612-3; Master Skinners 1619. Died March 11, 1658; Will [P.C.C. 
117 Wootton] February 6 ; proved April 27, 1668. 

1649, Apr. 26 John Massingberd, , .. Cornhill, 1649 vice Trott 

(28) Skinner 

Committee E.I.C. 1610-1; Treasurer E.I.C. 1615-53; Master Skinners 1617. Died 
November 23, 1653 ; adm. January 6, 1651. 

1649, Apr. 28 Richard Porter, .. Castle Baynard, .. .. .. vice Martin 

(May 4) Fishmonger 1649 

Died January 29, 1663; Will [P.C.C. 53 Juxon] December 17, 1662; proved April 6, 
1663. 

1649, May 1 Eliah Harvey, Orocer . . OornhiU, 1649 vice 

(4) Massingberd 

Will [P.C.C. 91 May] Maroh 10, 1659; proved June 13, 1661. 

1649, May 1 Henry Brabourne, . . Bishopsgate, . . vice Wright 

(8) Fishmonger 1649 

1649, May 1 George Pitts, Barber- Parriugdon vice Gayer 

(July 5) Surgeon Within, 1649 

1649, May 8 John Cotton, X)j-aper .. Candlevfiols vice 

(9) 1649 Beynardson 
. . Master Drapers 1619-50. 

1649, May 8 Abraham Chambers, . . Cornhill, 1649 vice Harvey 

(22) GirdUr 

Master Girdlers 1611, 1615, 1619, 1659 ; WiU [P.C.C. 29 Coke] August 26, 1668; proved 
February 1, 1669. 

1649, May 8 James Violsers (or . . CastleBaynard . . vice Porter 

(June 5) Viccars), 1642 

Merchant Taylor 
Died 1667 ; Will [P.C.C. 150 Ruthen] cod. October 26 ; proved November 16, 1667. 

1649, May 22 John Stint, Merchant .. Bishopsgate, .. vice Brabourne 

(and sworn) Taylor 1649 

1649, May 29 John Beadle, .. .. Bishopsgate, .. vice Stint 

(June 14)™* Vintner 1649 

[On June 1, 1649, Aldermen Soame and E. Chambers were discharged by order of the 
House of Commons for absenting themselves from the public proclamation in the 
City of the abolition of the Kingship.] 

1649, June 5 William Hinde, .. Cornhill, ' 1649 vice 

(12) Innholder A. Chambers 

1649, June 12 Richard Waring, Orocer Cheap, 1649 .. vice Soame 

(and sworn) 

Assistant Levant Company 1653-1. 

100. I have in Vol. I. (p. 258) identified this Alderman with the future Baronet 
(so created October, 1660) who was M.P. for Andover from 1660 till his death, July 14, 
1672, and was son-in-law to Sir Edmand Wright (Lord Mayor 1640-1). While I am 
not convinced beyond the possibility of doubt that that identification is erroneous, I think 
it more probable that the Alderman was the Baronet's father, who died in 1658 as stated 
in the text. 



100.* Not May 31 as in Vol. I., p. 39. 



Chronological List of ALDfiRMfiH. 



71 



1649,Junel2 "i John Smith, Draper. . Walbrook,. 1649 vice 

(19) R. Chambers 
Master Drapers 1644-5. Died May 5, 1655. 

1649,Junel4 Francis Biekley (or .. Cornhill, 1649 [Elected S. 1639] vice Hinde 
(and sworn) BickliS), Draper 

Created Baronet September, 1661; Auditor 1637-9; Master Drapers 1646-7. 
Died August U, 1670; Will [P.C.C. 170 Penn] proved November, 1670. 

1649, June 14 William Adams, .. Cheap, 1649 vice Waring 

(and sworn) Haberdasher 

Auditor 1659-60. Died August 16, 1661; Will [P.C.C. 135 May] July 6, 1660; proved 
September 5, 1661. 

1649,J'une 19 Thomas Barnes, . . Cheap, 1649 vice Adams 

(and sworn) Haberdasher 

Master Haberdashers 1655-6. Died April 12, 1667. 

1649,Junel9 William Balcer, .. Farringdon vice Gibbs 

(20) Merchant Taylor. Without, 

1649 

1649,Juiiel9 Richard Middle ton, .. Bishopsgate, vice Beadle 

(26) Grocer 1649 

Treasurer Levant Company 1641-3 (Court Assistants 1638-41, 1643-5) ; Committee 
E.I.C. 1640-7, 1648-9. Died (buried September 9) 1658 ; Will [P.C.C. 226 Brent] 
March 11, 1660; proved September 28, 1653. 

1649,June 20 William Nutt, Grocer . . Walbrook, 1649 vice Smith 

(July 10) 

Knighted July 19, 1660. 

1649,June 26 William Hancock, . . Farringdon vice Baker 

(28) Vintner Without, 

1649 

1649, June 26 William Christmas, .. Cornhill, 1649 vice Biekley 

(28) Draper 

Master Drapers 1650-1. Died December 3, 1652 ; Will [P.C.C. 333 Brent] November 
5, 1652; proved May 13, 1653. 

1649, June 26 Hilary Mimpriss, .. Cheap, 1649-50 vice Barnes 

(on or before Haberdasher 
July 3) 

Master Haberdashers 1649-50. Died 1653 ; adm. May 4, 1663. 

1649, July 3 John Oldfield (or Ofield), Farringdon vice Hancock 

(and sworn) Fishmonger Without, 

1649 

Committee E.I.C. 1652-7. Died 1657 ; Will [P.C.C. 452 Euthen] proved November 3, 
1657. 

1649, July 8 Robert Cheslyn, Cooper Vintry, 1649-50 vice Bide 

(10) 

1649, July 10 George HadJey, Grocer.. Portsoken, 1649 viceBateman 

(12) 

Died August 8, 1654 ; Will [P.C.C. 35 Alchin] cod. August 2 ; proved August 26, 1654. 

1649, July 10 George Price, S/ciTMier . . Cornhill, 1649 vice Christmas 

(12) 

Master Skinners 1652-3. Died c 1662. 

101. I have in Vol. I. (p. 220) somewhat rashly identified this Alderman with 
the future Alderman of Billingsgate (see 1658) who was a member of the same Company. 
It is obviously difficult to discriminate, in the absence of definite evidence, between the 
various persons contemporary with each other bearing so common a name as John Smith, 
and it is not impossible that my original identification is correct, but I feel almost 
assured that my ' revised version ' as given above is the true one. 



72 



Oheonological List of Aldermen. 



16i9,J"ulyl4 lo^Hugh Smithson, .. Walbrook, 1649 vice Nutt 

(and sworn) Haberdasher 

Master Haberdashers 1656-7 ; (?) created Baronet August, 1660. Died October 21, 1670. 



1649, July 14 
(and sworn) 



1649, July 19 
(and sworn) 



1649, July 19 
(24) 



(djiosRoeebtTichbobnb, Farringdon . . S. 1650-1, . . vice Pitts 
Skinner Within, M. 1656-7 

1649-60 

Knighted (by the Protector) December 15, 1656; styled ' Lord Tichborne ' 
(as a member of the ' Other House ') 1657-60 ; Councillor of State 
1653; Committee of Safety 1669; M.P. London 1663; Lieutenant Tower 
1617; Commissioner Customs 1649- (?) ; Committee E.I.C. 1657-9; Colonel Yellow 
Regiment 1658; President Honourable Artillery Company 1658-60. Died July, 
1682. 

William Bond, . . . . Walbrook, vice Smithson 

Haberdasher 1649-50 

Master Haberdashers 1650-1. Died September, 1671 ; Will [P.C.C. Ill Duke] cod. 
September 4 ; proved September 15, 1671. 



RiCHABD ChiVEBTON, 

Skinner 



Portsoken, . . S. 1650-1, . . vice Hadley 
1649-52, M. 1657-8 

Dowgate, 
1652-5, 
Cordwainer, 
1655-63, 
Cripplegate, 
1663-7, 
Bridge 
Withoutj 
1657-79 

Knighted (by the Protector) March 22, 16.58, (by the King) October 22, 
1663 ; President St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1661-75 ; Master Skinners, 1651-2. 
Died November, 1679; Will [P.O.C. 146 King] December 15, 1677; proved 
November 26, 1679. 



1649, Aug. 18 



1649,Sept.20 
(Nov. 13) 



1649,Sept.25 
(and sworn) 



1649, Oct. 2 
(Deo. 8) 



1649, Oct. 9 
(and sworn) 



Thomas Witherings, 
Mercer 



1649 



■e, 



vice 

Middleton 

M.P. Morpeth 1640; Master Foreign Posts 1632-51. Died September 28,1651; Will 
[P.C.C. 47 Bowyer] November 12, 1649 ; proved February 17, 1662. 



Mark Hildesley, Vintner Bread Street, . . 
1649-51 
Commissioner Customs 1649 (?) ; Master Vintners 1660. 
Nabbs] December 15, 1659; proved April 3, 1660. 

John Hayes, Salter 



.. vice Bunce 
Died 1600; Will [P.C.C. 48 



Bishopsgate, . . [Elected S. 1651] vice 

1649-51 Middleton 

Died 1661 ; Will [P.C.C. 179 May] September 14 ; proved November 22, 1661. 



ios«prancis Alleyn (or . . Parringdon . . [Elected S. 1651, vice Oldfield 
Allen), Goldsmith Without, 1662] 

1649-52 

Councillor of State 1651, 1652-3 ; m.P. Cookermouth 1645-53 ; Commissioner 
Customs 1643-5; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1650-1. Died September 6, 1658; 
Will [P.C.C. 472 Fell] February 27 ; proved September 7, 1668. 



Thomas Noell Oornhill, . . [Elected S. 1651, 

Goldsmith 1649-52 1652] 

Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1651-2. 



vice Price 



102. The identification in the text with the future Baronet is probable, but not 
free from doubt. 

103. In the D.N.B. article his Knighthood, which was conferred during his 
Mayoralty, is antedated by a year ; no indication is given of his Ward or of the date of 
his election as Alderman. 

103.* Alleyn was allowed his precedency of election over Noell, although not 
admitted till later, his not appearing to be sworn earlier being due to absence from 
the City. 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 73 



1649, Deo. 11 John Langley, .. .. Langbourn, .. [Elected S. 1036] vice Browne 
(Jan. 3, 1650) Fishmonger 1649-50 

M.P. London 1653 ; Commissioner Admiralty and Navy 1652 ; Deputy-Governor 
Levant Company 1671-2 (Court Assistants 1643-8, 1649-50, 1664-71, 1672-3); 
Committee E.I.C. 1650-2, 1653-5, 1656-7: Prime Warden Fishmongers 1652. 

1650, Jan. 3 Thomas Stocke, Grocer Candlewiok vice Cotton 

(and sworn) 1650 

Died May, 1664 ; Will [P.C.C. 62 Bruoe] May 3 ; proved May 26, 1664. 

1650, Jan. 29 Stephen Beale Candlewiok vice Stocke 

(31) Leatherseller 1650 

Died 1667; Will LP.C.C. 16 Carr] January 20; proved February 7, 1667. 

1650, Feb. 19 Gilbert Keate, Grocer . . Dowgate, 1650 [Elected S. 1639] vice S. Beale 
(March 5) 

Committee E.I.C. 1642-6, 1647-57. Died July 2, 1658; Will [P.C.C. 36 Wootton] 
Jane 10, 1657; proved July 16, 1658. 

1650, Feb. 19 Jeffery Rowland, . . Cheap, 1650 vice 

(IVTarch 5) Grocer lilimpriss 

SheriH Surrey 1658-60; Committee E.I.C. 1652-3, 1655-7. 

1650, Mar. 7 John Beale, Olothworker Bridge, 1650 vice Wilson 

(and sworn) 

Master Clothworkers 1643. 

1650, Mar. 7 Robert Newton, Grocer Dowgate, 1650 vice Keate 

(and sworn) 

Created Baronet January, 1661. Died (buried November 3) 1670 ; Will [P.C.C. 
129 Penn] September 15, 1669 ; proved October 14, 1670. 

1650, Mar. 7 Joseph Brand, Salter . . Langbourn, vice Langley 

(April 30) 1650 

Sheriff Suffolk 1662-3. Died 1675; Will [P.C.C. 43 Dyoer] March 9; proved 
May 14, 1675. 

1650, Mar. 7 John Mayo, Dyer . . Cheap, 1650-3 [Elected S. 1652] vice Hoioland 

(?) Died (buried September 4) 1674 or (?) ; Will [P.C.C. 83 Vere] March 15, 1676 ; 
proved May 6, 1691. 

1650, Mar. 12 Thomas Jennings, .. Bridge, 1650 vice J. Beale 

(and sworn) Clothworker 

Committee E.I.C. 1644-54 ; Court Assistants Levant Company 1649-52 ; Master 
Clothworkers 1638. 

leSOyMar.lH {-D)^^Edmimd Harvey, . . Dowgate, 1650, [Elected S. 1653] vice Newton 
Draper Farringdon 

Without, 1653 

M.P. Great Bodwin 1646-53, Middlesex 1654-5 ; Commissioner Customs 1649-55. Died 
June 25, 1673. 

1650,Mar.l4 Henry Box, Grocer .. Bridge, 1650 .. [Elected S. 1639] vice Jennings 
(Aug. 15) 

1650, Mar. 19 Stephen Estwicke (or .. Dowgate, .. S. 1652-3 .. vice Newton 
(26) Eastwick), GirdZcr 1650-2, [Elected S. 1651] 

Bridge,1662-7 

Commissioner Customs 1643-5, 1649-(?) 57. Died December 15, 1657; Will [P.C.C. 521 
Wootton] December 9, 1667; adm. June 14, 1658. 

1650, May 2 Thomas Ivy (orlvie), .. Langbourn, vice Brand 

(and sworn) Merchant Taylor 1650 

(?) Knighted May 25, 1661; Will [P.C.C. Bunce] November 17, 1671; proved 
June 2, 1674. 

104. The D.N.B. article omits his date of death, and does not mention his having 
been twice elected Alderman and once Sheriff, or his return to two parliaments. 



74 Chkonological List of Aldeemen. 

lG50,Jiine20 Bahert Vjcei , Draper . . Castle Bfiyiiard, vice Vickers 

(25) 1650 

Created Baronet March, 1661 ; Sheriff Herts 1659-60 ; Master Drapers 165M. 
Died August 26, 1667; Will August 7, 1665; proved September 21, 1667 [P.C.C. 
116Carr]. 

16S0,June20 ^o^' William Cleve, .. Walbrook, 1650 vice Bond 

' Haberdasher 

Died May 7, 1667 ; Will [P.C.C. 59 Carr] cod. April 16 ; proved May 14, 1667. 

1650,June25 John Harper Vintry, 1650 vice Cheslyn 

(27) Fishmonger 

Prime Warden Fishmongers 1664. Died March, 1667; Will [P.C.C. 37 Carr] cod. 
March 10 ; proved March 22, 1667. 

16.50, June 27 Robert Henley, .. Castle Baynard vice Dycer 

(July 4) Leatherseller 1650-1 

Master Leathersellers 1650-1. 

1650, July 2 Richard Clutterhuok, . . Vintry, 1650 vice Harper 

(4) Mercer 

Committee E.I.C. 1655-7; Master Mercers 1660. Died 1670; Will [P.C.C. 57 Penn] 
April 21 ; proved May 21, 1670. 

1650, July 9 Thomas Turgis, Grocer Vintry, 1650 vice 

(16) Clutterbuck 

Died (buried March 11) 1651 ; Will [P.C.C. 56 Grey] May 16, 1619; proved March 14, 
1661. 

1650, July 16 Anthony Bedinpfield, .. Langbourn vice Ivy 

Mercer ' 1650 

M.P. Dunwich 1640-52; Master Mercers 1661. Died 1662; Will [P.C.C. 215 Bowyer] 
September 20, 1650 ; proved August 9, 1662. 

1650, July 25 John Pettiward, Salter Vintry, 1650 vice Turgis 

(and sworn) 

Master Saltera 1653. Died 1671; Will [P.C.C. 147 Duke] cod. September 28; proved 
December 11, 1671. 

1650, July 30 William Middleton, .. Vintry, 1650 vice Pettiward 

(Aug. 1) Draper 

1650, Aug. 3 James Smith, Salter . . Vintry, 1650 . . [Elected S. 1661] vice Middleton 
(6) 

Died 1667; Will [P.C.C. 137 Carr] April 12; proved October 4, 1667. 

1550, Aug. 8 John Wollverston, ., Vintry, 1650 vice Smith 

(15) Fishmonger 

1650,Aug. George Wynn, Mercer . . Vintry, 1650 vice 

27"» Wollverston 

(and sworn) 

Created Baronet December, 1660; Sheriff Lincolnshire 1657-8; Master 
Mercers ie52. Died July 18, 1667 ; adm. October 1, 1667. 

1650, Aug. 27 Thomas Andrewes (ii.). Bridge, 1650 vice Box 

(Sept. 3) Clothworker 

Master Glothworkers 1650-1. 

1650, Sept. 3 John Harris, Girdler . . Walbrook, 1650 vice Bond 

(5) 

Died May 26, 1667 ; Will [P.C.C. 271 Euthen] cod. July 20, 1655 ; proved July 1, 1667. 

1650, Sept. 5 John James, Brewer .. Vintry, 1650-1 [Elected S. 1666] vice Wynn 
(and sworn) 

Knighted September 12, 1670 ; Commissioner Excise 1671-9; Sheriff Essex 
1668-9 ; Master Brewers 1651-2. 

1650,Sept.l2 Robert Lowther, Draper Walbrook vice Harris 

(and sworn) 1650-1 

Master Drapers 1663-4. Died January 4, 1665; Will [P.C.C. 262 Aylett] August 5, 
1654 ; proved February 20, 1665. 

104.* His name is entered as 'Neve' in the record of his election in Rep.. 60, 
fol. 165b. 

105. He was sworn on the day of election, not (as stated in Vol. I., p. 210) on 
that of his discharge. 



Cheonological List of Aldermen. 



75 



1650,Sept.l2 
(17) 



1650,Sept.24 
(26) 



1650, Oct. 22 
(Nov. 7) 



1651, April 1 
(17) 



1651, May 13 
(and sworn) 



1651, May 13 
(27) 

1651, May 27 
(June 3) 



1651, May 29 
(June 10) 

1651, June 5 
(12) 

1651, July 3 
(29) 



1651, July 24 
(and sworn) 

1651, July 24 
(and sworn) 



1651, July 24 
(29) 



1651, July 29 
(31) 



1651, July 29 
(31) 

1651, July 29 
(31) 



Thomas Eioh, ym<)!.e>" , . Bridge, 1650 vice 

Andrewes (ii.) 
Created Baronet March, 1661 ; M.P. Eeading 1660 ; Sheriff Berks 1657 ; 
Committee E.I.C 1642-3,1648-54. Died October 15, 1667 ; Will [P.C.C. 141 Carr] 
cod. October 14 ; proved November 20, 1667. 

Rohert Smyth, Draper.. Bridge, 1650-1 [Elected S. 1651] vice Eich 

Knighted August 25, 1660 ; created Baronet March, 1665 ; Committee 
B.I.C. 1652-3 ; Master Drapers 1651-2. Died June 12, 1669 ; Will [P.C.C, 76 Coke] 
June 15, 1666; proved June 25, 1669. 

William Allen (or . . Langbourn vice Ivy 

Alleyn), Grocer 1650-1 

Died 1651 ; Will [P.C.C. 44 Grey] December 3, 1650; proved March 18, 1651. 

Richard Brent Langhourn, vice W. Allen 

Clothworker 1651 

Master Clothworkers 1651-2. 

Thomas Thomlinson, .. Walbrook, 1651 vice Lowther 

Grocer 
Died 1653 ; Will [P.C.C. 159 Brent] January 27, 1652 ; proved June 20, 1653. 

Nicholas Dickens, . . Billingsgate vice Brent 

Haberdasher 1651 

Master Haberdashers 1685-6. Died (buried September 11) 1665. 

William Daniell, . . Walbrook, 1651 vice 

Goldsmith Thomlinson 

Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1652. Died July 10, 1652 ; Will [P.C.C. 207 Bowyer] June 
20, 1647 ; proved July 19, 1652. 

John Beauohampe, . . Billingsgate vice Dickens 

Salter 1651 

(?) Died 1668 ; Will [P.C.C. 152 Hene] November 30 ; proved December 17, 166S. 

Oliver Neave Walbrook, 1651 vice Daniell 

Merchant Taylor 
Died 1679 ; Will [P.C.C. 22 King] cod. January 17 ; proved February 27, 1679, 

George Pyke, Goldsmith Billingsgate vice 

1651 Beauchampe 

Sheriff Essex 1648-9 ; Sheriff Cambridgeshire and Hunts 1674-5. Died 1680 ; Will 
[P.C.C. 120 Bath] August 27; proved September 11, 1680. 

Anthony Biddulph, .. Bread Street, vice Hildesley 

Haberdasher 1651 

Thomas Bromfield, . . Vintry, 1651 vice James 

Haberdasher 
Treasurer Levant Company 1665-8 (Court Assistants 1653-4, 1662-4, 1668-9) ; Committee 
E.I.C. 1664-8, 1670-1 ; Master Haberdashers 1657-8. Died February 3, 1673 ; Will 
[P.C.C. 23 Eure] August 18, 1671; proved February 16, 1672. 

William Dudley, . . Bishopsgate, . . [Elected S. 1667] vice Hayes 

Merchant Taylor 1651 

Created Baronet August, 1660; M.P.Northampton 1663; Sheriff Northampton- 
shire 1660-1. Died September 18, 1670 ; Will [P.C.C. 18 Pye] July 14, 1670 ; proved 
February 22, 1673. 

Theophilus Biddulph, . . Bread Street, vice , , , , 

Draper 1651 A- Biddulph 

Knighted May, 1660; created Baronet November, 1664; M.P. London 
1656-8, 1659, Lichfleld 1661-79; Auditor 1655-7; Deputy-Governor Irish Society 
1662-3 ; Committee E.I.C 1657-61 ; Master Drapers 16i7-8 Died (buried April 11) 
1683 ; Will [P.C.C. 55 Drax] April 30, 1681 ; proved May 8, 1683. 

George Selby, . . . . Walbrook, 1651 vice Neave 

Fishmmiger 
(?) Sheriff Kent 1648-9. 
John Warden, Grocer . . Vintry, 1651 vice Bromfield 

Will [P.C.C. 705 Wootton] August 29, 1656 ; proved December 7, 1668. 



70 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 



1G51, July31 
(Aug. 5) 

1651, Julv31 
(Aug. 19) 



1651, Aug. 2 
(5) 



1651, Aug. 2 
(5) 

1651, Aug. 2 
(19) 



1651, Aug. 5 
(7) 



1651, 



Aug. 7 
(12) 



Thomas Arnold, . . Oasfcle Baynard, vice Henley 

Haberdasher 1651 

Master Haberdashers 1659-60. (?) Died (buried October 8) 1669. 

Thomas Hodges, Grocer Billingsgate vice Pyke 

1651 

Committee E.I.C. 1641 (elected), 1645-6, 1647-8, 1649-65; Court Assistants Levant 
Company 1644-5, 1647-9. Died February, 1655; Will [P.O.C. 132 Aylett] 
February 13; proved March 1, 1665. 



1651, Aug. 7 



1651, Aug.l2 
(19) 

1651, Aug.l2 
(19) 



(D*)ios*john Cutler, 
Grocer 



Bread Street, . . [Elected S. 1661] vice 

16.51 T. Biddulph 

Knighted June 7, 1660 ; created Baronet November, 1660 ; P.B.S. 
November, 1664; M.P.Taunton 1679-80, Bodmin 1690-3; Sheriff Kent 1675-6 ; 
Master Grocers 1652-3, 1685-6, 1688-9. Died April 15, 1693 ; Will [P.C.C. 42 Coker] 
June 27, 1692 ; proved April 29, 1693. 



Michael Holman, 
Scrivener 



Walbrook, 1651 vice Selby 



[Elected S. 1651] vice Dudley 



Sir William Covrper (or Bishopsgate, 
Cooper), Bart., Mercer 1651 
Created Baronet (Scotland) between 1625 and 1641 (Er)gland)Maroh,1642 ; 
Master Mercers 1659. Died December 20, 1664 ; Will [P.C.C. 14 Benoe]. 

Reginald Grymes (or . . Vlntry, 1651 vice Wardell 

Graham), Merchant 
Taylor 

(?) M P. Leominster 1661-79. Died 1685 ; Will [P.C.C. 150 Oarew] cod. May 25, 1680 ; 
proved December 2, 1685. 

Robert Fenn, . . . . Bread Street, . . [Elected S. 1661] vice Cutler 
Haberdasher 1651 

Master Haberdashers 1651-2. Died (buried April 23) 1677. 

Philip Holman, Grocer .. Walbrook, 1651 [Elected S. 1651] vice M. Holman 
M.P.Northamptonshire 1669 ; Sheriff Northamptonshire 1638-9. Died July, 1669 ; Will 
[P.O.C. 86 Coke] September 27, 1668 ; proved July 29, 1669. 



John lanson, Draper 



Vintry, 1651 . . [Elected S. 1651] vice Grymes 



James Phillips, Peiwtecer Bridge, 1651 .. S. 1653-4 .. vice Smyth 



1651,Aug.l9 George Savage, Mercer . . Walbrook, 1651 

1651, Aug. 19 
(30) 



1651, Aug. 21 
(and sworn) 

1651, Aug,21 
(and sworn) 



1651, Aug.21 
(and sworn) 

1651, Aug.22 
(and sworn) 



Robert Gale, 
Haberdasher 

Randolph Baskerville, 
Fishmonger 

Thomas Essington, 
Draper 



Bread Street, 
1651 

Bishopsgate, 
1651 

Billingsgate, 
1651 



vice Holman 

[Elected S. 1651] vice Fenn 

vice Cowper 

vice Hodges 



Master Drapers 1664-5 ; Auditor 1667-9 ; Will [P.C.C. 7 Bunce] December 20, 1673 ; 
proved January 19, 1674. 

. . Bridge, 1651 vice Phillips 



Richard Norton, 
Fishrrumger 
Prime Warden Fishmongers 1656. 

William Barker, Mercer Bridge, 1651 . . [Elected S. 1651] vice Norton 
lOGMaater Mercers 1656. 



105.* D.N.B. gives neither name of Ward nor date of election as Alderman, nor does 
it record his return for Taunton. 

106. It is hardly doubtful that the ex-Alderman is identical with the Master of the 
Mercers' Company for the year 1656, whose name is disguised as ' Parker ' in an un- 
verified list communicated to me. 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 77 

1651, Aug. 22 Robert Jaques, Brewer Billingsgate, .. [Eleotea S. 1661, vice Essington 
(27) 1651 1662] 

Sheriff Kent 1668-9 ; Master Brewers 16B2-3. Died c 1671 ; adm. November 21, 1671. 

1651, Aug.22 Robert Reander, .. Walbrook vice Holman 

(27) Clothworker 1651 

Master Clothworkers 1653. Died 1661; Will [P.C.C. 79 May] February 23; proved 
May 24, 1661. 

1651, Aug. 22 Saokford Gunson, .. Bishopsgate, vice Baskerville 

(Sept. 10) Merchant Taylor 1651 

Master Merchant Taylors 16S3-4. 

1651, Aug. 22 Henry Goodwyn, Bafer Vintry, 1651 . . [Elected S. 16721 vice lanson 
(Sept. 24) 

1651, Aug. 27 Robert Johnson, Grocer Castle Baynard vice Arnold 

(28) 1651 

Master Grocers 1658-4. Will [P.C.0. 1 Nabbs] April 14, 1651 ; proved March 20, 1660. 

1651, Aug. 27 Alexander Holt, .. Bridge, 1651 .. [Elected S. 1651] vice Barker 

(30) ^'^'Leatherseller 

Master Leathersellers 1652-3. 

1651, Aug. 28 James Glasbrooke, .. Billingsgate, .. [Elected S. 1651] vice Jaques 
(and sworn) Innholder 1651 

Died January 20, 1656 ; Will [P.C.C. 81 Berkley] proved February 6, 1656. 

1651, Aug. 28 Thomas Smithsby, .. Walbrook, 1651 vice Reander 

(30) Saddler 

Master Saddlers 1647. 

1651, Aug. 30 John de Greate, Brewer Castle Baynard, [Elected S. 1662] vice Johnson 
(Sept. 2) 1651 

Master Brewers 1641-2. Died March 27, 1653 ; Will [P.C.C. 321 Brent] February 23, 
1660; proved April 26, 1653. 

1651, Aug. 30 William Bluoke, .. Billingsgate vice Glasbrooke 

(Sept. 6) Clothworker 1651 

Died 1658; Will [P.C.C. 589 Wootton] adm. September 17, 1658. 

1651, Sept. 2 Humphrey Shallcrosse, Walbrook, 1651 vice Smithsby 

(6) Scrivener 

Sheriff Herts 1653-4. Will [P.C.C. 36 Mico] December 24, 1664; proved February 17, 
1666. 

1651, Sept. 6 William Vaughan, . . Bread Street, vice Gale 

(and sworn) Fishmonger 1651 

1651, Sept. 6 Maximilian Bard, . . Castle Baynard, [Elected S. 1651] vice de Greate 
(8) QirdUr 1651 

Master Girdlers 1662, 1663. Died February 6, 1691 j Will [P.C.C. 156 Vere] cod. 
March 13, 1690 ; proved October 8, 1691. 

1651, Sept. 6 Leonard Hamond, . . Bridge, 1651 . . [Elected S. 1651] vice Holt 

(8) Brewer 

Master Brewers 1647-8. Will [P.C.C. 6 May] July 12, 1660; proved January 23, 1661. 

1651, Sept. 8 Robert Vallence, . . Billingsgate vice Blucke 

(9) Innholder 1651 

Died June 4, 1657 j Will [P.C.C. 270 Euthen] proved July 8, 1667. 

1651, Sept. 8 Roger Price, .. Walbrook, 1651 [Elected s. 1651] vice Shallcrosse 

(12) Tallow Chandler 

Master Tallow Chandlers 1646-7. Will [P.C.C. 64 Eure] August 12, 1670; proved 
May 2, 1672. 

106.* See footnote, Vol. I., p. 343, 



78 Chronological List of Aldermen. 



1651, Sept. 9 Jasper Clayton, .. Bridge, 1651 .. [Elected S. 1651J vice Hamofid 

(10) Haberdasher 

Knighted July 5, 1660. Died 1660; Will [P.C.C. 180 Nabbs] July 31; proved 
October 1, 1660. 

1651, Sept. 9 William Vaughan, .. Bread Street, vice Vaughan 

(10) Grocer 1651 

Died February 6, 1663; Will [P.C.C. 219 Brent] December 13, 1652; proved May 10, 
1653. 

1651, Sept. 9 Jasper Draper, Grocer . . Castle Bayiiard vice Bard 

(12) 1651 

Master Grocers 1650-1. Died November 23, 1657. 

1651,Sept.lO William Eidges, . . Billingsgate, . . [Elected S. 1651, vice Vallenoe 

(and sworn) Skinner 1651 1666] 

Master Skinners 1654. Died (buried October 4) 1670 ; Will [P.C.C. 144 Penn] July 22 ; 
proved October 31, 1670. 

1651,Sept.ll Thomas Browne, Grocer Bridge, 1651 vice Clayton 

(and sworn) 

Died April 2, 1673 ; Will [P.C.C. 72 Pye] March 30 ; proved June 5, 1673. 

1651, Sept. 11 John Ramsey, Grocer . . Bread Street vice Vaughan 

(12) 1651 

Master Grocers 1654-5. Died August, 1669 ; Will [P.C.C. 99 Coke] August 9 ; proved 
August 23, 1669. 

1651, Sept. 11 Henry Pickering, .. Bishopsgate, .. [Elected S. 1651] vice Gunson 

(13) Fishmonger 1651 

Knighted (by the Protector) February 1, 1658 ; created Baronet January, 
1661; Sheriff Cambridgeshire and Hunts 1619. Died March 4, 1668; Will 
[P.C.C. 42 Hene] November 1, 1666 ; proved April 21, 1668. 

1651,Sept.l2 Bichard IMawditt, . . Billingsgate, vice Ridges 

(13) Haberdasher 1651 

Died 1657 ; Will [P.C.C, 299 Buthen] July 8 ; proved August 31, 1657. 

1651, Sept. 13 John BlackweU, Grocer Castle Baynard, [Elected S. 1651] vice Draper 
(and sworn) 1651 

Sheriff Surrey 1656-7. Died January 1, 1658; Will [P.C.C. 41 Wootton] January 1; 
proved January 20, 1658. 

1651,Sept.l3 Johnstone, .. .. Bridge, 1651 vice 

(and sworn) Merchant Taylor T. Browne 

Councillor of State 1653 ; M.P. London 1653, Cirencester 1654-5, 1656-8, 1659 ; 
Teller Exchequer ; Comptroller Customs and Excise ; Auditor 1650-2 ; 

Master Merchant Taylors 1650-1. Died 1678; Will [P.C.C. 117 Beeve] February 
20 ; proved October 4, 1678. 

1651, Sept. 13 John Barker, GoWsmiifc Bread Street vice Ramsey 

(and sworn) 1651 

(?) M.P. Ilchester 1659. 

1651,Sept.l3 William Humble, .. Walbrook, 1651 [Elected S. 1651] vice Price 

(15) Leatherseller 

Created Baronet June, 1660; Sheriff Surrey 1664-5; Master Leathersellers 
1653-4. Died December 26, 1686; Will [P.C.C. 8 Foot] proved January 3, 1687. 

1651,Sept.l5 John Beresford, Grocer Billingsgate, vice Mawditt 

(16) 1651 
Sheriff Herts 1666-7 ; Master Grocers 1655-6. 

1651, Sept. 15 Thomas Russell, Vintner Bishopsgate vice Pickering 

1651 

1651,Sept.l6 (d)H"John Ibeton, .. Bread Street, . . S. 1651-2, .. vice Barker 

(17) Glothworker 1651-60 M. 1658-9 

Knighted (by the Protector) October 22, 1658; M.P. London 1653; 
Commissioner Customs 1659; Colonel Blue Regiment 1658-9; Vice-President 
Honourable Artillery Company 1658-60 ; Master Clothworkers 1652, Died 
(buried March 16) 1690. 

107. In the brief notice of John Ireton, appended to the excellent article on his brother, the well- 
known Parliamentary General, the date of his death is given according to the obsolete Civil computation. 



Cheoxological List of Aldermen. 



79 



1651, Sept. 16 Jolin Marshall, Vintner Walbrook, 1651 vice Humble 

(17) 

1651,Sept.l6 Jobn Ellis, .. .. Bridge, 1651 .. [Elected S. 1651] vice Stone 

(17) ^Merchant Taylor 

Sheriff Herts 1667-8: Master Merohnnt Taylors 1656-7. Diea 1682 [Will P.C.C. 
108 Cottle] June 30, 1630 : proved September U, 1682. 

1651, Sept. 17 Jeremy Elvres, Mercer . . Billingsgate vice 

(18) 16.51 Beresford 
Died January, 1654 ; Will [P.C.C. 63 Alchin] December 26, 1663: proved January 

31, 1654. 

I651,Sept.l7 Ch&iles.lAoyi, Draper . . Bishopsgate, . . [Elected s. 1651] vice 

(22) 1651 Pickering 

Created Baronet May, 1661 ; m.P. Montgomeryshire 1654-5, 1656-8 ; Montgomery 
1669 ; SherifE Montgomeryshire 1669-70 ; Commissioner ot Customs 1646-9 ; 
Deputy-Governor Irish Society 1663-4 ; Auditor 1656-6 ; Master Drapers 1655-6. 
Died c 1678 ; adm. March 22, 1678. 

1651,Sept.l9 John Travell, Ifgj-cer .. Billingsgate vice Elwes 

(25) 1651 

Will [P.C.C. 323 Brent] October 21, 1652; proved April 19, 1653. 

1651, Sept 19 Edward Trussell, .. Walbrook, 1661 vice Marshall 

(Oct. 7) Clothworker 

SheriH Hants 1659-60 ; Master Clothworkers 1654. 

1651,Sept.l9 John Waterer, .. .. Bridge, 1651-2 [Elected S. 1662] vice Ellis 
(Nov. 4) Fishmonger 

Will [P.C.C. 92 Laud] October 17, 1669 ; proved June 19, 1662. 

1651, Sept. 22 Daniel Taylor, .. .. Castle Baynard vice 

(and sworn) Haberdasher 1651 Blackwell 

Commissioner Customs 1649- (?) 1654. Will [P.C.C. 343 Aylett] February 22, 1654 ; 
proved March 28, 1655. 

1651,Sept.24 Andrew Eiccard (or .. Vintry, 1651-3 S. 1651-2 . . vice Goodwyn 

(26) Rioaut), Draper 

Knighted July 10, 1660 ; M.P. London 1664-6 ; Governor Levant Company 
1654-72 (Treasurer 1650-2, Court Assistants 1639-42, 1643-50, 1662-4) ; Committee 
E.I.C. 1646-8, 1649-72 (Deputy-Governor 1653-7, 1659-60, Governor 1660-2, 1666-8, 
1670-2); Master Drapers 1652-3. Died September 5, 1672; Will [P.C.C. 112 
Eure] July 23; proved September 19, 1672. 

1651, Sept. 24 William Underwood, .. Bishopsgate, .. S. 1652-3 .. vice Lloyd 
(26) Grocer 1651-7, 

Queenhithe, 
1657-8 
Colonel Blue Regiment 1645. Died (buried January 19) 1658; Will [P.C.C. 147 
Wootton] cod. December 26, 1657 ; proved April 29, 1668. 

1651, Sept. 24 Michael Herring (or .. Castle Baynard, [Elected S. 1662] vice Taylor 
(on or before Kea.iiag), Haberdasher 1651-3 
Deo. 16) 

1651, Oct. 2 Thomas Heryott, . . Billingsgate, vice Travail 

(21) Skinner 1651 

Died 1663; Will [P.C.C. 229 Brent] May 4 ; proved September 24, 1653. 

1651, Oct. 14 John Hartley, Draper . . Walbrook, 1651 vice Trussell 

(Nov. 25) 

1651, Got. 28 Humphrey Bedingfield, Billingsgate vice Heryott 

(Nov. 4) Goldsmith 16S1 

Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1652-3. Died 1677 ; Will [P.C.C. 123 Hale] August 16 ; 
proved December 1, 1677. 

108. In Vol. I. (p. 60) I have described Ellis as a Draper, following the minute of 
his election as Alderman in Rep. (il, fol. 221, but inasmuch as ha is described as 
Merchant Taylor in the record of his election as Sherifi on the same day (Common Hall 
Book, iii., 113), and moreover his name appears among the Masters of the latter and not 
among those of the former Company, it may be assumed that the latter is correct. He 
may have belonged to both Companies, but I know of no similar instance at that period, 
though there is apparently a precedent in the case of John Derby in the fifteenth 
century (see footnote, Vol. I., p. 330). 



80 Chronological List of Aldermen. 



1651, Nov. 11 Andrew Keudrioke, .. Billingsgate vice 

(18) Mercer 1651-2 Bedingfield 

Died 1653; Will [P.C.C. 329 Brent] cod. December 31, 1652; proved May 16, 1653. 

1651, Deo. 16 i^William Gore, . . Walbrook, vice Hartley 

(Jan. 13,™ • Merchant Taylor 1651-2 

1652) 

Bailiff Southwark 1633-65. Died July 10, 1662 1 Will [P.C.C. 116 Laud] September 
9, 1660 ; proved September 11, 1662. 

1652, July 31 Walter Boothby, .. Bridge, 1652 vice Waterer 

(Sept. 14) Haberdasher 

Commissioner Customs 1646-9; Master Haberdashers 1660-1. Died 1669; Will 
[P.C.C. 82 Coke] March 12 ; proyed July 15, 1669. 

1652,Sept.l6 William Williams, .. Walbrook, 1652 vice Gore 

(and sworn) Draper 

Deputy-Governor Levant Company 1657-9 (Court Assistants 1640-54, 1655-6, 1669-61, 
Treasurer 1666-7) ; Committee E.I.C. 1643-62. 

1652,Sept.l6 Richard Downes, .. Cornhill, 1652 vice Noell 

(18) Fishmonger 

Commissioner Excise 1650 ; Commissioner Customs 1659. 

1652, Sept. 18 John Lorymer (or Lorri- Walbrook, 1652 vice Williams 

(and sworn) more). Apothecary 

Master Apothecaries 1654-5; Will [P.C.C. 7 Carr] November 8, 1666; proved January 
16, 1667. 

1652,Sept.l8 Andrew Cade, Draper .. Portsoken, 1652 vice Boothby 

(23) 

Died October 6, 1662; Will [P.C.C. 124 Laud] September 30; proved October 23, 1662. 

1652,Sept.l8 Hugh ISTorris, ZronmoTCjer Billingsgate vice 

(23) 1652 A. Kendricke 

Treasurer Levant Company 1654-6 (Court Assistants 1644-64) ; Master Ironmongers 
1653. Died 1661 ; Will [P.C.C. 70 May] January 25, 1655 ; proved May 11, 1661, or 
[P.C.C. 179 May] September 19, 1661 ; proved Movember 20, 1661. 

1652,Sept.23 Thomas Gower, Grocer Parringdon vice P. Allen 

(and sworn) Without, 1652 

Colonel Orange Regiment 1668; Master Grocers 1656-7. Died 1676; Will [P.C.C. 101 
Bunce] April 7 ; proved August 8, 1676. 

1652,Sept.28 i^Edward Smith, Saddler Portsoken, 1652 vice Cade 

(29) Cordwainer, 

1667 

Master Saddlers 1654 ; 109 (?) Will [P.C.C. 7 Dyoer] Ootober 16, 1674 ; proved 
January 11, 1675. 

1652, Sept. 28 Martin Browne, Barber- Billingsgate, vice Norris 

(Nov. 4) Surgeon 1652-3 

Master Barber-Surgeons 1663. Died April 16, 1666. 

108.* Not January 8, as in Vol. I., p. 221. 

109. If the identification in the text (which is only tentative) with the testator 
of the Will of 1674 is correct, he could not have been (as otherwise would be probable) 
the Edward Smith who was High Steward of Southwark (1661-83, 1690-4). 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 81 

1652,Sept.29 iM'Matthew Hardy, .. Cornliill, 1652 vice Downes 

(Oct. 5) Draper 

1652, Oct. 2 Richard Turner, . . Cordwainer, vice Cullum 

(5) Merchant Taylor 1652-3 

Auditor 1643-4 ; Master Merohant Taylors 1636-7. 

1652, Oct. 12 William Bell, i4pot7iecar!/ Farringdon vice Gower 

(19) Without, 

1652-3 

(?) M.P. Westminster 1640-8, 1660. Will [P.C.C. 75 Hene] June 28, 1664: proved 
June 23, 1668. 

1652, Oct. 21 John Melhuse, Draper . . Walbrook, 1652 vice Lorymer 

1652, Oct. 26 Richard Granley, . . Candlewiok, vice Edmonds 

(Jan. 11, 1653) Fishmonger 1652-3 

Court Assistants Levant Company 1649-51. Died (buried December 12) 1655 ; Will ' 
[P.C.C. 29 Berkley] December 6, 1665 ; proved February 23, 1658. 

1652, Nov. 4 Edmund Sleigh, Mercer Cornhill, .. S. 1654-5 .. vice Hardy 

(9) 1652-7 

Master Mercers 1654. Died January 14, 1667; Will [P.C.C. 58 Euthen] October 16, 
1656 ; proved February 3, 1657. 

1652, Deo. 14 Isaac Poster, Grocer .. Walbrook, vice Lorymer 

(Jan. 11, 1653) 1652-3 

Master Grocers 1657-8. 

1652, Deo. 14 Thomas Merry, .. Portsoken vice Smith 

(Jan. 18, 1653) Leatherseller 1852-3 

(?) Died January, 1665 ; Will [P.C.C. 34 Aylett] cod. January 18 ; proved January 26, 
1656. 

1653, Jan. 85 Samuel Mayer, Mercer .. Cheap, 1653 vice Mayo 

Councillor of State 1653 ; M.P. London 1663 ; Court Assistants Levant Company 
1644-8, 1658-9, 1669-74, 1677-8. 1679-80; Committee B.I.C. 1667-61, 1672-82; Master 
Mercers 1663; Elder Brother Trinity House 1659. Died July, 1683 ; Will [P.C.C. 
96 Drai] April 7, 1682 ; proved August 8, 1683. 

1653, Feb. 8 Daniel Andrewes, . . Cordwainer, vice Turner 

(15) Haberdasher 1653-5 

Committee E.I.C. 1644-6; 1647-8, 1650-7; Court Assistants Levant Company 1643-7; 
Master Haberdashers 1661-2, 1678-9. Died January 26, 1682; Will [P.C.C. 29 
Cottle] January 17 ; proved March 10, 1682. 

1653, Feb. 10 Giles Dent, Salter .. Vintry, 1653 . . [Elected S. 1667] vice Riccard 
(15) 

Will [P.C.C. 75 Duke] October 24, 1668 ; proved June 2, 1671. 

1653, Feb. 15 Thomas Alleyn (or .. Cheap, 1653-60, S. 1654-5, .. vice Mayo 
(17) Allen), Grocer Aldgate, M. 1659-60 

1660-79, 
Bridge 
Without, 
1679-83, 
1688-90 
Knighted May 29, 1660 ; created Baronet June, 1660 ; M.P. Middlesex 
1661-79 ; Colonel White Regiment 1668 ; Master Grocers 1676-7. Died September 
15, 1690. 

1653,Mar. 15 ""Richard Read, . . Billingsgate, vice Browne 

(17) (?) Merchant Taylor 1653 

(?) Died July, 1673 ; Will [P.C.C. 94 Pye] July 17, proved July 29, 1673. 



109.* In the minute of his discharge (Rep. 62 fol. 206) his Christian name is 
given as ' Matthew ' in one place and ' Michael ' in another. 

110. His Company is not given in the record of hie election, 



82 Cheonological List of Aldermen. 

1653, Apr. 26 William Beake, Draper Portsoken vice Merry 

(28) 1653 

1653, Apr. 28 Henry Hunter, Grocer . . Walbrook, 1653 vice Foster 

(May 3) 

Treasurer Levant Company 1652-4 (Court Assistants 1636-52, 1654-63, 1664-7) ; Master 
Grocers 1668-9. Died 1669; Will [P.C.C. 6 Penn] September 4, 1669; proved 
January 6, 1670. 

1653, May 3 Samuel Ravenscroft, . . Vintry, 1653 vice Dent 

(5) Upholder 

Died (buried August 23) 1664. 

1653, May 17 Alexander Bence, Qrocer Walbrook, 1653 vice Hunter 

(and sworn) 

M.P.Aldeburgh 1640-53; Suffolk 1654-5 ; Master Trinity House 1659-60. 

1653, June 7 William Thomson, . . Portsoken, . . S. 1656-6 . . vice Beake 
(14) Salter 1653-9, 

Walbrook, 
1659-61 

Knighted May 26, 1660; M.P. London 1659, 1661-79; Commissioner Customs 
1671-6; Master Salters 1671 ; Committee E.I.C. 1667-81 (Governor 1664-6, 166H-70, 
1676-S, 1680-1). Died 1681; Will [P.C.C. 61 North] cod. February 10; proved 
April 19, 1681. 

1653, June 7 Edward Ash, Draper . . Vintry, 1653 . . [Elected S. 1653] vice 

(28) Ravenscroft 

Died (buried July 29) 1656 ; Will [P.C.C. 881 Berkley] April 26 ; proved November 17 
1656. 

1653, June 9 George Benson, .Safer. . Billingsgate vice Read 

(21) 1653 

1653,June30 Edmund Harvey, .. (see March, 1650) vice Bell 

Draper 

1653, July 12 Field Whorwood, .. Parringdon vice Bell 

(21) Ironmonger Without, 

1653 

Will [P.C.C. 369 Wootton] January 19, 1655; proved July 30, 1658. 

1653, July 12 William Leman, . . Bread Street, vice Benson 

(Sept. 1) Fishmonger 1649, 

Billingsgate, 
1653 

Councillor of State 1651 ; created Baronet March, 1665 ; m P Hertford 
1645-63, 1659-60; Sheriff Herts 1635-6; Sheriff Hunts 1640-1. Died (buried 
September 3) 1667; Will [P.C.C. 155 Oarr] July 2; proved November 1, 1667. 

1653, Aug. 30 John Peirce, Scriveraer. . Farringdon vice Whorwood 

(Nov. 8) Without, 

1653 

1653, Sept. 6 John Berry, Cutler .. Billingsgate vice Leman 

(8) 1653 

(?) Died October, 1672 ; Will [P.C.C. 118 Euro] October 4 ; proved October 12, 1672. 

1653, Sept. 6 Walter Bigg Castle Baynard, S. 1653-4 . . vice Herrine 

(13) Merchant Taylor 1653-7, 

Cripplegate, 
1657-8 

M.P. Wallingford 1659; Master Merchant Taylors 1654-5. Died Aueust 6 ]6';q. 
Will [P.C.C. 514 Pell] dated June 6, 1659. lea august B, ib69. 



Cheonologioal List of Aldermen. 83 

1653, Sept. 6 Sir Richard Prince, . . Walbrook, 1653 vice Benoe 

(Nov. 10) Leatherseller 

Knighted May 23, 1682. Died May 13, 1666; Will [P.C.C. 84 Mioo] proved 
May 23, 1666. 

1653,Sept.l5 Daniel Waldoe Billingsgate, vice Berry 

(22) Clothruorker - 1653 

Master Clothworkers 1655. Died (buried May 9) 1661; Will [P.C.C. 64 May] cod. 
April 30 ; proved May 31, 1661. 

1653,Sept.22 John Fbbdbbick, .. Vintry, 1653-61, S. 1655-6, .. vice Ash 

(27) Barher-Surgeon, Colemaji M. 1661-2 

translated to Grocers Street, 

October 3, 1661 1661-83 

Knighted June 26, 1660; M.P. Dartmouth 1660; London 1668-79; President 
Christ's Hospital 1662-63; Master Barber-Surgeons 1664, 1668, Grocers 1677-8; 
Committee E.I.C. 1667-8, 1660-1. Died (buried March 19) 1686 ; Will [P.C.C. 56 
Caun] September 7, 1684 ; proved May 4, 1685. 

1653,Sept.27 Tempest Milner, . . Cripplegate, . . S. 1656-Y . . vice Avery 

(Oct. 4) Merchant Taylor 3653-7, 

Candlewick, 
1657-62 

Master Merchant Taylors 1655-6. 

1653, Nov. 3 Richard Turner, jun., . . BiUingsgate vice Waldoe 

(15) Merchant Taylor 1653-4 

1653, Nov. 29 William Wilkinson, .. Walbrook, 1653 [Elected S. 1639] vice Prince 
(Dec. 6) Scrivener 

1653, Dec. 6 Samuel IVIicoe, Mercer . . Farringdon vice Peiroe 

(8) Without, 

1653-6 

Knighted March 18, 1665; Court Assistants Levant Company 1647-9; Master 
Mercers 1665-6. Died 1666; Will [P.C.C. 76 Mice] September 21, 1666; proved 
May 22, 1666. 

1654, Jan. 9 Charles Thorold, . . Candlewick, vice Cranley 

(12) Ironmonger 1654 

Treasurer Levant Company 1668-73 (Court oi Assistants 1667-8, 1673-81, 1683-5, 1687-9) ; 
Master Ironmongers 1654; Committee B.I.C. 1666-7, 1668-9, 1670-1, 1672-3, 1674-5, 
1676-7, 1678-9. Died November 13, 1691 ; Will [P.C.C. 129 Vere] March 2 ; proved 
December 12, 1691. 

1654, Jan. 9 Thomas Vincent, . . Walbrook vice WUkinson 

(12) Leatherseller 1654-5 

Master Leathersellers 1664-5. (?) Will [P.C.C. 168 King] October 14, 1678; proved 
December 12, 1679. 

1654 Mar. 16 William Dennis, Draper Candlewick, vice Thorold 

' (21) 1654 

Died 1672; Will [P.C.C. 59 Eure] January 27; proved May 18, 1672. 

1654, Apr. 27 John WaU, Draper . . Candlewick, vice Dennis 

(May 2J 1654 

Master Drapers 1666-7. Died August 23, 1672; Will [P.C.C. 106 Bare] June 19; 
proved August 26, 1672. 



84 



Cheonological List oe Aldbemen. 



1654, June 1 Isaac Lee, Mercer . . Billingsgate, vice Turner 

(6) 1654 

Master Mercers 1667. 

1654, June 1 Christopher Searle, . . Candlewick vice Wall 

(6) Dyer 1654 

Died 1669 ; Will [P.C.C. 43 Coke] March 26 ; proved April 14, 1669. 

1654, June 29 Stephen White, Grocer Billingsgate, vice Lee 

(and sworn) 1654 

Knighted July 13, 1660; sheriff Essex 1674-5; Master Grocers 1659-60; Com- 
mittee B.I.G. 1658-67, 1674-5, 1677-8. Died December, 1678; Will [P.C.C. 148 
Reeve] cod. December 3 ; proved December 31, 1678. 

1654,Nov.21 John Perryn (or Perrin), BiUingsgate, vice White 

(23) Goldsmith 1654-6 

Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1666-6. Died 1657; Will [P.C.C. 107 Euthen] cod. 
February 17 ; proved March 13, 1657. 

1654, Deo. 7 Eiohard Hill Candlewick, vice Searle 

(12) Cordwainer 1654-6 

Died (buried January 18) 1660; Will [P.C.C. 10 Nabbs] February 26, 1669; adm. 
March 12, 1660. 

1655,June21 Henry Wrigley, Girdler Cordwainer vice Andrewes 

(26) 1655 

1655, Nov. 15 Samuel Sunderland, .. Walhrook, 1655 .. .. .. vice Vincent 

(Dec. 4) Draper 

1655, Dec. 18 "" Nathaniel Temms . . Walbrook, . . S. 1656-7 . . vice 

(20) (or Temse), Skinner 1655-8 Sunderland 

Master Skinners 1656 ; Committee E.I.C. 1667-8. Died May 16, 1658; adm. June 4, 
1668. 

1655,Deo.l8 John Eobikson, .. Dowgate, .. S. 1657-8, .. vice Wrigley 

(20) Clothworker 1655-8, M. 1662-3 

Cripplegate, 
1658-63, 
Tower, 
1663-80 

Knighted IMay 26, 1660 ; created Baronet June, 1660 ; m.P. London 1660, 
Eye 1661-79; Lieutenant Tower 1660-80; Colonel Green Eegiment 1659-80; 
Deputy-Governor Hudson's Bay Company 1670-5 ; Court Assistants Levant Com- 
pany 1651-3, 1665-6; President Honourable Artillery Company 1661-80 (Vice- 
President 1660-1) ; Committee E.I.C. 1666-7, 1668-74, 1675-7; Master Olothworkers 
1656. Died February, 1680; Will [P.C.C. 28 Bath] cod. December 22, 1679; 
proved February 24, 1680. 

1656, Apr. 15 "iJohn Lewys, . . . . Candlewick vice Hill 

(22) Ironmonger 1656 

Knighted lilay 26, 1660 ; created Baronet October, 1660 ; Committee 
E.I.C. 1657-8, 1659-61, 1662-8, 1664-5 ; Master Ironmongers 1667. Died August 14, 
1671 ; Will [P.C.C. 146 Duke] June 21, 1670 ; proved December 1, 1671. 

1656, May 20 Arthur Whatman, .. Farringdon vice Miooe 

(June 3) Haberdasher Without, 

1656 
Died 1674 ; Will [P.C.C. 62 Bunoe] cod. February 22 ; proved April 8, 1674. 

1656, June 5 John Richardson, . . Billingsgate, . . [Elected S. 1666] vice Perryn 
(10) Goldsmith 1656 

110.* The spelling ' Temms ' is that of his autograph, which I had not seen when 
Vol. I., page 222, was printed (where I have adopted the form ' Temse'). The latter is 
the usual spelling in the City records. 

111. In this case, as in that of Temms above, I have here adopted the spelling of 
the autograph signature instead of the more common form found elsewhere. The date 
of admission is as in the text above, not as in Vol. I., p. 84. 



Chronological List of Aldeemen. 85 

1656, June 5 Bobert Burdett, Skinner Candlewiok vice Lewys 

(12) 1656 

Master Skinners 1657; Died 1678; Will [P.O.C. 130 Eeeve] March 30; proved 
November 11, 1678. 

lC56,Junel2 James Butler Billingsgate vice 

(24) Clothworker 1656 Eichardson 

1056, June 17 Eobert Holt Candlewiok, vice Burdett 

(and sworn) Merchant Taylor 1656 

Master Merchant Taylors 1646. 

1656,Junel7 Rowland Wynn (or .. Farringdon vice 

(19) Winn), Mercer Without, Whatman 

-1656 
Auditor 1666-7, 1673-5; Committee B.I.O. 1665-9, 1670-7; Master Mercers 1662. 
Died 1676. 

1656,June24 Isaac Ash, Cutier .. Farringdon vice Wynn 

(and sworn) Without, 

1656 
Will [P.C.C. 114 Carr] August 16, 1666 ; proved September 5, 1667. 

1656, July 1 Peter Sunderland, . . Billingsgate, . . [Elected S. 1667] vice Butler 
(22) Grocer 1656 

1656, July 8 Richard Garford, . . Candlewiok, vice Holt 

(15) Stationer 1656 

Died February 15, 1672; WUl [P.C.C. 60 Eure] cod. February 6 ; proved May 4, 1672. 

1656, July 10 Francis Cleaver, . . Farringdon vice Ash 

(17) Merchant Taylor Without, 

1656 

1656, July 22 James Hawley (or .. Farringdon vice Cleaver 

(31) Halley), Mercer Without, 

1656 
Master Mercers 1663. 

1656, Aug. 28 Robert Terry, Fijitner . . Candlewiok, vice Garford 

(Sept. 23) 1656 

(?) Died 1657; Will [P.C.C. 440 Huthen] July 27; proved Nov. 3, 1657. 

1656, Sept. 2 Thomas Pepys (or . . Farringdon vice Halley 

(16) Peapes), Upholder Without, 

1656 
Died 1676 ; Will [P.C.C. 104 Benoe] cod. June 9 ; proved August 16, 1676. 

1656, Sept. 4 Robert Austen Billingsgate, [Elected S. 1689] . . vice Sunderland 

(9) Clothworker ■ 1656 

(?) Died March 1, 1660 or (?) created Baronet July, 1660; Sheriff Kent 1660-1. Died 
October 80, 1666 ; Will [P.C.C. 178 Mico] September 29, 1665 ; proved December 1, 
1666. 

1656, Sept. 25 George Chetham, Grocer Candlewiok .. .. vice Terry 

(Nov. 4) 1656 

Sherifl Lancashire 1669-60. Died December 13, 1664. 

1656, Oct. 14 Gerard Gore, Merchant Farringdon . . . . , . . . vice Pepys. 
(Nov 4)"i* Tayliyr Without, 

^ ' 1656-7 

(?) Will [P.C.C. 7 Nabba] November 7, 1659 ; proved March 31, 1660 ; or [P.C.C. 20 Pyne] 
November 11, 1671 ; proved February 25, 1673. 

1656, Dec. 4 Robert Lant, Jferc/iani.. Candlewiok vice Chetham 

(9) Taylor 1656 

Master Merchant Taylors 1668-9; Committee B.I.C. 1661-4. Died March 23, 1671; 
Will [P.C.C. 48 Duke] October 13, 1670; proved April 7, 1671. 



Ill* Not November 6 as in Vol. 1., p. 161. 



86 Oheonological List op Aldeemen. 



1656, Dec. 16 Hugh Wood, Grocer .. Candlewick, vice Lant 

(18) 1656-7 

Court Assistants Levant Company 1644-57; Committee E.I.C. 1657. Died 1658; 
Will [P.O.C. 245 Wootton] April 12; proved May 27, 1658. 

1656, Dec. 16 George Taylor, Vintner Billingsgate . . . . vice Austen 

1656-7 

1657, Feb. 12 William Bateman, .. Bishopsgate, .. .. .. .. vice Sleigh 

(17) Skinner 1657 

Knighted May 26, 1660 ; Auditor 1659-61, 1662-4 ; Court Assistants Levant 
Company 1661-8; Master Skinners 1658 ; Committee E.I.C. 1654-7. 

1657, Apr. 7 Thomas Stubbins, . . Candlewick . . . . vice Wood 

(and sworn) Saherdasher 1657 

1657, Apr. 7 Ambrose Bronskill, . . Billingsgate . . . . vice Austen 

(14) Draper 1657 

Master Drapers 1661-2. Will [P.C.C. 146 Penn] cod. December 14, 1669; proved 
November 2, 1670. 

1657, Apr. li Nicholas Heme .. Candlewick .. .. vice Stubbins 

(or Herron), Merchant 1657 
Taylor 
Died 1674; Will [P.C.C. 144 Bunoe] March 17; proved December 4, 1674. 

1657, Apr. 28 (D)"2Erasmus Smith, .. Billingsgate vice Bronskill 

(May 5) Grocer 1657 

M.P. Ardee (Ireland) 1665-6. Died c September, 1691 ; Will [P.C.C. 177 Vere] cod. 
August 25 ; proved October 9, 1691. 

1657, May 11 Thomas Chandler, .. Bishopsgate, .. S. 1657-8 .. vice Bateman 
(26) Draper 1657-8 

Colonel Bed Regiment 1658; Master Drapers 1658. Died September 2, 1658; adm. 
September 27, 1658. 

1657, May 12 Samuel Langham, . . Cripplegate vice Stubbins 

(26) Grocer 1657 

Died April 16, 1658; Will [P.C.C. 245 Wootton] April 7 ; proved May 1, 1658. 

1657, June 2 William Hobson, .. Billingsgate, .. vice Smith 

(9) Haberdasher 1657 

Will [P.C.C. 38 Lauci] November 18, 1661 ; proved March 13, 1662. 

1657,June 11 John Heather, Grocer . . Cripplegate . . . . vice 

(13) 1657 S. Langham 

1657, June24 Thomas Bromsall, . . Cripplegate vice Heather 

(July 14) Draper 1657 

Sheriff Beds. 1652 (? 1669, 1673). (? Died 1682 ; Will [P.C.C. 67 Cottle] May 22 • uroved 
June 29,1682.) ' j j , jj veu 

1657, July 7 George Arnold Farringdon vice Gore 

(14) Haberdasher Without, 

1657 
Died (buried October 8) 1669. 

1657, Aug. 6 William Pennoyer, . . Billingsgate, vice Hobson 

(11) Clothworker 1657 

Master Clothworkers 1657 ; Will [P.C.C. 25 Duke] May 25, 1670; proved February 13, 

1657, Aug. 11 Henry Hodges, Z)!/er .. Cripplegate, [Elected S. 1674] .. vice Bromsall 
(and sworn) 1657 

(?) Will [P.C.C. 117 Ent] January 20, 1686 ; proved December 11, 1689. 

1657, Aug. 20 Robert White Cripplegate, vice Hodges 

(25) Leatherseller 1657 

Master Leathersellers 1669-60. 

112, In the D.N.B. article there is no mention of his election to the Parliament of Ireland. 



Chronological List of Aldeemen. 87 

1657, Aug. 20 Edward Wood, Grocer.. Billingsgat.e .. vice Pennoyer 

(25) 1657 

Committee E.I.C. 1665-7; Will [P.C.C. 83 Mioo] January 14, 1659 ; proved June 7, 1667. 

1657, Sept. 1. Thomas Armstrong, .. BiUingsagte .. .. vice Wood 

Grocer 1657 

(see October 6, 
1657) 

1657, Sept. 8 Thomas Blackall, .. Farringdon .. .. .. .. vice Arnold 

(and sworn) Haberdasher Without, 

1657 
Died 1659 ; Will rP.C.C. 492 Pell] July 7 ; proved September 13, 1659. 

1657, Sept. 8 William Wormewell, .. Oripplegate vice White 

(15) Vintner 1657 

Master Vintners 1658. 

1657,Sept.22 Anthony Bateman, .. Farringdon .. S. 1658-9, .. vice Blackall 
(24) Skinner Without, M. 1663-4 

1657-9, 
Dowgate, 
1659-67 

Knighted May 26, 1660; Colonel Bed Begiment 1659-67; Committee B.I.C. 
1645-9, 1650-8, 16S9-60, 1661-8; Master Skinners 1659; Court Assistants Levant 
Company 1645-6, 1651-2, 1653-6, 1658-9. Died {buried July 2) 1687. 

1657, Oct. 6 Thomas Armstrong, . . Billingsgate vice Wood 

(and sworn) Grocer 1657 

1657, Oct. 6 Nicholas Cooke, . . Oripplegate, vice 

(13) Innholder 1657 Wormewell 

Died December, 1673 ; Will [P.C.C. 6 Bunce] July 15, 1673 ; proved January 2, 1674. 

1657, Oct. 23 David Davison, Grocer . . Oripplegate, vice Cooke 

(27) 1657 

Died 1662; Will [P.C.C. 126 Laud] July 19; proved October 2, 1662. 

1657, Oct. 28 James Wainwright, .. Aldersgate .. vice Penington 

(Nov. 3) Haberdasher 1657 

Commissioner Customs 1659-60. 

1657, Nov. 25 James Baker, SaWer .. Castle Baynard vice Davison 

(Dec. 1) 1657 

1657, Deo. 3 Edward Bolte (or BoUe), Billingsgate, vice Armstrong 

(8) Skinner 1657 

1657, Deo. 3 Martin Noell, Scrivener Aldersgate, vice 

(8) 1657 Wainwright 

Knighted September 2, 1662 ; M.P. Stafford 1656-8, 1659; Wexford (Ireland) 
1661-6; Court Assistants Levant Company 1668-9: Committee E.I.O. 1667-9. 
Died c September, 1665; Will [P.C.C. 120 Hyde] September 23 ; proved October 
6, 1665. 

1657, Dec. 15 Edward Lawrence, .. Castle Baynard vice Baker 

(and sworn) Brewer 1657-8 

Master Brewers 1658-9. Died (buried April 27) 1669 ; Will [P.C.C. 268 Pell] March 4 ; 
proved May 7, 1669. 

1658, Jan. 14 Thomas Hopkins, Cutler Bridge, 1658 vice Estwlcke 

(21) 

(?) Died 1675; Will [P.C.C. 78 Duke] May 25, proved June 27, 1676. 

1658, Jan. 19 Ellis Cunliffe, Grocer . . Aldersgate, vice NoeU 

(28) 1668 

Master Grocers 1660-1; Will [P.C.C. 98 Bure] November 7, 1669 ; proved August 18, 
1672. 

1658, Jan. 26 John Ziee, Fishmonger . . Queenhithe vice 

(28) 1658 Underwood 



88 Cheonological List of Aldermen. 

1658, Jan. 36 William Pincheon, . . Billingsgate vice Bolts 

Draper 1658 

1658, Feb. i John Lawrence, . . Queenhithe, . . S. 1658-9, . . vice Lee 
(and sworn) Haberdasher 1658-83, M. 166i-5 

1688-92 

Knighted June 17, 1660; Governor Irish Society 1668-76, 1690-2; Colonel White 
Regiment 1659-60; President St. Thomas' Hospital 1668-83, 1688-92; Committee 
B.I.C. 1669-60, 1675-8, 1679-80, 1681-8 ; Master Haberdashers 1658-9, 1664-6, 1677. 
Died January 26, 1692; adm. May 10, 1692. 

1658, Feb. i Ralph Bressy, Qrocer . . Castle Baynard, vice 

(22) 1658 E. Lawrence 

1658, Feb. 9 Francis Crofts, Draper. . Billingsgate vice Bolte 

(11) 1658 

1658, Feb. 22 Sir John Barkstead, .. Aldersgate, vice Cunliffe 

(March 2) Goldsmith 1658-60 

Knighted (by the Protector) January 19, 1656 ; styled ' Lord Barkstead ' 
(as Member of the 'other House') 1657-60; Lieutenant Tower 1662-9 ; 
M.P. Colchester 1654-6, Middlesex 1656-8 (elected for Reading 1656) ; Prime 
Warden Goldsmiths 1653-4. Executed April 19, 1662. 

1658, Feb. 25 Francis Warner, . . Bridge, 1658-64 S. 1659-60 . . vice Hopkins 

(March 2) Leatherseller 

M.P. Tiverton 1669 ; President St. Thomas' Hospital 1659-60 ; Master Leathersellers 
1658-9. Died April 3, 1667; Will [P.C.C. 121Carr] November 5, 1664; proved 
September 4, 1667. 

1658, Mar. 9 Sir Stephen Scott, . . Castle Baynard vice Bressy 

Grocer 1658 

Knighted July 4, 1630 ; sheriff Kent 1647-8. Died 1658 ; Will [P.C.C. 371 Wootton] 
May 26; proved July 21, 1668. 

1658, Mar. 9 John Smith, Draper . . Billingsgate vice Crofts 

1658 
Died June, 1672; Will [P.C.C. 80 Sure] March 20,1671; proved June 25, 1672. 

1658,Mar.23 Samuel Baseley, .. Castle Baynard vice Bressy 

(25) Clothworker 1658 

1658,Mar.23 "2* John Manny ford, .. Billingsgate vice Crofts 

(30) Cutler 1658 

(?) Will [P.C.C. 79 Bare] July 10, 1662 ; adm. June 14, 1672. 

1658, MaylS Richard Kinge, Mercer. . Lime Street, . . S. 1658 .. vice WoUaston 

(and sworn) 1658-61 

Colonel Orange Regiment 1669-60; Master Mercers 1658 ns. Died May 23, 1668; 
Will [P.C.C. 67 Bene] February 6; proved May 27, 1668. 

1658,June22 Francis Dashwood, . . Walbrook, 1658 vice Temse 

(24) Saddler 

Master Saddlers 1663, 1678. Died April 23, 1683 ; Will [P.C.C. 54 Drax] Januai? 6; 
proved May 18, 1688. 

1658, July 1 Richard Higginson, . . Castle Baynard, vice Baseley 

(Aug. 26) Draper 1658-9 

Master Drapers 1658-9. Died 1669; Will [P.C.C. 438 Pell] July 26; proved August 
20, 1669. 

112.* His Christian name is given as ' William ' in the minute of his admission 
(Rep. 66, fol. 67b). 

113. The list of Masters of the Mercers supplied to me by an official, who declined 
subsequently to verify it, gives ' Alderman Richard Keith, M. 1658 ' which can only 
refer to Kinge, there being no other Alderman of. that time whose name could possibly 
be so distorted either by the original scribe or by the copyist. 



Chronological List of Aldeemen. 



89 



1658,Sej)t.23 John JoUifie, Skinner 
(28) 



Bishopsgate vice Chandler 

1658 

M.P. Hytesbury 1660-79 ; Auditor 1662-4; Committee E.I.C. 1657-8, 1B60-80 (Deputy- 
Governor 1665-7) ; Governor Russia Company 1673 ; Governor Levant Company 
1672-3 (Treasurer 1659-61, Deputy-Governor 1662-71, Court Assistants 1650-69, 
1661-2, 1671-2, 1673-8); Master Skinners 1661. Died January 3, 1680; Will 
[P.C.G. 6 Bath] October 10, 1679 ; proved January 16, 1680. 



1658, Oct. 19 
(and sworn) 



1658, Oct. 26 
(Nov. 4) 



John Archer, Draper 



Bishopsgate vice Jolliffe 

1658 



Master Drapers 1669-60. Died "(buried September 3) 1678; Will [P.C.C. 137 Eeeve] 
November 16, 1676 ; proved December 2, 1678. 



Samuel Lewis, . . 
Merchant Taylor 



Oripplegate, 
1658 



[Elected S. 1666] vice Archer 



1658, Nov. 4 Robert Winch, Draper. . Bishopsgate, 
(9) 1658 

Master Drapers 1663-4. Died September, 1671; Will [P.C.C. 117 Duke] cod. 
September 2 ; proved September 4, 1671. 



1658, Nov. 18 
(and sworn) 



1658,Nov.30 
(Dec. 7) 



1658, Dec. 9 



1659, Jan. 27 
(Feb. 1) 



1659, June 9 
(July 14) 



1659, Sept. 6 
(and sworn) 



1659, Sept. 8 
(and sworn) 



1659, Sept. 8 
(13) 



William Vincent, 
Grocer 



Bishopsgate, 
1658-9 



[Elected 9. 1659] vice Winch 



Knighted May 26, 1660 ; M.P. London 1660; Colonel Blue Regiment 1660-1 ; Vire- 
President Honourable Artillery Company 1661 ; Committee E.I.C. 1657-61 ; 
Deputy-Governor Levant Coiupany 1659-61 (Husband 1650-9, Court Assistants 
1645-50); Master Elect Grocers 1661. Died September, 1661 ; Will [P.C.C. 146 
May] cod. September 2 ; proved September 23, 1661. 

John Aleyn, . . . . Billingsgate, vice 

Painter-Stainer 1658-9 Mannyford 

Will [P.C.C. 76 Juxon] December 26, 1660 ; proved June 30, 1663. 



Thomas Bludworth, 
Vintner 



Dowgate, . . S. 1662-3, . . vice Lewis 
1658-9, M. 1665-6 

Portsoken, 
1662-3, 
Aldersgate, 
1663-82 

Knighted May 26, 16G0 ; M.P. Soutbwark 1660-79 ; Colonel Orange Regiment 
1660, Yellow Regiment 1660-82 ; Committee E.I.C. 1651-61, 1662-3, 1661-5 ; Court 
Assistants Levant Company 1668-65, 1673-5 ; Master Vintners 1665. Died May 
12, 1682; Will [P.C.C. 82 Cottle] November 24, 1680 ; proved July 13, 1682. 



William Love, Draper . 



Portsoken, 
1659-62 



S. 1659-60 



vice 
Dashwood 

Councillor of State 1660; M.P. London 1661-81, 1689 ; Committee E.I.C. 1667-62; 
Master Drapers 1660-1 ; Deputy-Governor Levant Company 1661-2 (Court 
Assistants 1653-5, 1656-60, 1661, 1662-70). Died May, 1689; Will [P.C.G. 67 Bnt] 
February 4, 1686 ; proved May 17, 1689. 

William Bolton, . . Castle Baynard, S. 1660-1, . . vice 
Merchant Taylor 1659-68 M. 1666-7 Higginson 

Knighted October 11, 1663; Colonel Blue Regiment 1659-60; Master Merchant 
Taylors 1669-60. Died 1680 ; adm. February 10, 1680. 

William Antrobus, . . Aldgate, 1659 vice 

Merchant Taylor Andrewes 

Died February 1, 1665 ; Will [P.C.C. 11 Hyde] January 27 ; proved February 7, 1665. 



William Pbake, 
Clothworker 



Billingsgate, . . S. 1660-1, . . vice J. Aleyn 
1659-76 M. 1667-8 



Knighted November 9, 1663 ; Colonel Blue Regiment 1661-76 ; elected President 
St. Thomas' Hospital 1668; Master Cloth workers 1660. Died March 1, 1676; 
Will [P.C.C. 33 Benoe] cod. May 20, 1675 ; proved March 17, 1676. 



Adoniah Fox, 
Merchant Taylor 



Bishopsgate, 
1659 



. . vice Vincent 



Died (buried February 9) 1672 ; Will [P.C.C. 14 Eure] May 24, 1671 ; proved February 
4, 1672. 



90 Chronological List of Aldermen. 

1659,Sept.20 Francis Knight, .. Farringdon vice 

(27) Fishmonger Without, Bludworth 

1659 
Prime "Waraen Fishmongers 1660. 

1639, Sept. 20 John Gregory, Salter . . Bishopsgate vice Fox 

1659 

1659, Sept. SO Thomas Eeading, .. Aldgate,1659 vice Antrohus 

Merchant Taylor 
Died AugMst 9, 1665. 

1659, Oct. 4 William Crow, Skinner Aldgate, vice Antrobus 

(18) 1659-60 

Master Skinners 1662. Died 1668; Will [P.C.C..1 CokeJ March 9, 1664; proved 
January 1, 1669. 

1639, Oct. 11 John Bentley, .. . . Farringdon vice Knight 

Scrivener Without, 1659 

Died 1667; adm. June 26, 1667. 

1659, Oct. 18 Geoffrey Thomas, . . Bishopsgate, vice Fox 

(20) Merchant Taylor 1659 

1659, Oct. 25 ^^*John Blackwell, . . Bishopsgate . . . . vice Thomas 

Grocer 1659-60 

M.P. Surrey 1656-8 ; Treasurer of War 1661 ; Lleut.-6overnor Pennsylvania 1688-90. 

1659, Oct. 27 William Wale, Vintner Farringdon vice Knight 

(Nov. 3) Without, 

1659-61 
Knighted May 26, 1660; Purveyor of Wines to King 1660; Colonel Yellow 
Regiment 1659-60, White Regiment 1660-1 ; Slierifl Leicestersliire 1671-2. Died 1677 ; 
adm. November 6, 1677. 

1660, Jan. 31 H^Eji^ard Backwell, .. Bishopsgate vice Thomas 

(Feb. 7) Goldsmith 1660-1 

Co. Co. Langbourn 1679-81 ; M.P. Wendover 1673, 1679-81 ; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 
1660-1. Died (buried June 13) 1683. 

1660, Feb. 7 Francis Meynell, .. Aldersgate, .. S. 1661-2 .. vice Barkstead 

(Sept. 25) Goldsmith 1660-3, 

Cordwainer, 
1663-6 
Died October 6, 1666 ; Will [P.C.C. 23 Drax] August 8, 1665 ; proved December 19, 1667. 

By a clause in the Act of Oblivion (12 Car II., c 11, sect. 44) it was provided that all 
who since December 5, 1648, had given sentence of death on any person in the High 
Courts of Justice should be incapable of holding any public office after September 1, 
1660. By the operation of this clause Aldermen Foot and Dethick became disqualified ; 
Aldermen Pack, Ireton and Tichborne had been excepted from the benefits of the Act by 
name. 

On September 4, the Aldermen who had been deprived of their seats by the House 
of Commons in 1649 were restored by order of the King. 

1660, Sept. 4 Sir Thomas Soame . . . . (see 1635) . . [vice Grow] 115a 

Sib Thomas Adams, Bart. . . (see 1689) . . vice Dethick 

Sib Abb AH AM Re YNAED SON .. (see 1640) .. [vice Pack] ll5a 

Sir John Langham, Bart. . . (see 1642) 

Sir James Bunco, Bart. . . (see 1642) . . vice Ireton 

Sib Kichabd Bbownb, Bart. . . (see 1648) . . vice Vyner 

114. He was not (as stated in Vol. I., pp. 40, 95, corrected at pp. 411, 414) 
identical with, but was the son of, the person of the same name who was elected 
Alderman of Castle Baynard in 1651. 

115. I have already in Vol. I., p. 358, of this work referred to the grotesque 
anachronism of the date suggested in the original D.N.B. article as that at which 
Backwell vacated his Aldermanry. This is corrected in the new edition. The writer is 
apparently unaware that Backwell was buried in the Church of St. Mary Woolnoth, 
Lombard Street, at the date given above, whence the body was removed to Tyringham', 
October 20, 1680. 

115a. The succeeding paragraph explains the allocation of the vacancies in 
these oases. 



Chronological List op Aldermen. 



91 



Langham's former seat (Bishopsgate) was at this time lield byE. Baolswell, Soame's 
(Cheap) by Sir T. Alleyn (Lord Mayor), and Eeyuardson's (Candlewick) by T. Milner: 
Baokwell and Milner were not disturbed ; Langham only sat once (September 11) when 
Backwell also was present, and was discharged on September 18. Bunce also declined to 
resume office and was discharged on September 25. The Lord Mayor was transferred to 
Aldgate on September 25 in place of Crow (who had been discharged oa April 3), and 
Soame then resumed his old seat for Cheap, having been present as well as the 
Lord Mayor on September 6, 18 and 20. Reynardson was removed to Pack's seat 
for Bassishaw on October 4, but he did not resume attendance in the Court at all after 
his restoration. 

The names of the Aldermen (in order of seniority) between September 4 and 18, 



Sir T. Soame 
*T. Atkyn" 
*SiR T.Adams 
*SiB A. Reynardson 

Sir 3. Langham 

*J. FOWKE 



Sir J. Bunoe 
*J. Kendbickb 

Sir E. Browne 
*R. Ghiverton 

Sir T. Alleyn 
(Lord Mayor) 

Sir W. Thomson 



Sib J. Frederick 
T. Milner 
Sir J. Robinson 
Sir a. Bateman 
Sir J. Lawrence 
F. Warner 



R. Kinge 

W. Love 
W. Bolton 
W. Pbake 
Sir W. Wale 

E. Backwell 

F. Meynell 



"Ex-Lord Mayors. 



The seats of T. Foot, C. Pack, E. Tichborne and W. Crow, were vacant. There 
were thus 2.5 Aldermen and four vacancies, making a total of three in excess of the 
regular number, caused by there being two Aldermen for each of the three wards, 
Bishopsgate, Cheap and Candlewick. The resignation of Langham and the removals of 
the Lord Mayor (Alleyn) and Reynardson to other wards to fill the seats previously 
held by Crow and Pack reduced the existing Aldermen to 24, with two vacancies 
(those caused by the disqualification of Foot and Tichborne) to be filled, making the 
regular total of 26. 



1660, Oct. 9 Roger Staughton, 
(Nov. 15) Leatherseller 

M.P. Wigan 1660. 
1690. 



. . Bread Street, . . . . . . . . vice Bunce 

1660-1 
Died 1690; Will [P.C.C. 115 Dyke] February 8; proved July 9, 



1660, Oct. 23 
(and sworn) 



William Turner, 
Merchant Taylor 



Farringdou . . S. 1662-3, vice Tichborne 

Within, 1660, M. 1668-9 
Candlewick, 
1662-8, 
Castle 
Baynard, 
1668-87, 1688, 
1690-3 

Knighted July 19, 1662; M.P. London 1690-3; Governor Irish Society 1676-87; 
President Bethlem and Bridewell 1669-87, 1690-3 ; Commiftee E.I.C. 1670-1, 1684-6, 
1687-8, 1690-1 ; Master Merchant Taylors 1661-2, 1684-5. Died February 22, 
1693. 



1660, Dec. 6 Jonathan Barford, 
Vintner 



(see March, 1668) vice Turner 



1661, Jan. 24 Robert Eichbell, 
(Feb. 12) Skinner 



Farringdon 
Within, 
1661 



. . vice Turner 



1661, Feb. 7 {oy^'^WiUiajn Strode, 
Oirdler 

M.P. Ilchester 1646-8. Died December 20, 1666 
1666 ; proved Januaiy 22, 1667. 



Vintry, 1661 vice Foot 



Will rP-C.C. 2 Carr] cod. November 1, 



116. There is a short notice of him in D.X.B. at end o( article on his namesake who was one of the ' Five 
Members.' In Tol. I. of this work, p. 211 (corrected at p. 234) his residence (Harrington) is described as situate in 
Essex : the true reading is Somerset. 



92 Chronological List of Aldermen. 



1661,Feb.l4 Sib Richabd Pobd, .. Farringdon .. S. 1663-4, .. vice Riohbell 
(on or before Mercer Within, M. 1670-1 

28) 1661-8, 

Bread Street, 

1668-71, 

Lime Street, 

1671-8 

Knighted May 26, 1660; F.E.S. November, 1673 ; m.P. Soutliampton 1661-78 
(retiirnetl for Exoter 1660) ; President St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1675-8 ; Master 
Mercers 1661, 1674 ; Committee E.I.C. 1668-63, 1664-6. Died August 31, 1678. 

1661, Mar. 7 Thomas Bewley, Draper Broad Street, vice Kendrioke 

(28) 1661 

Master Drapei-s 1665-6. Will [P.C.O. 39 Coke] July 31, 1667 ; proved April 1, 1669. 

1661, Apr. 2 Nicholas Delves, . . Vintry, 1661 vice Foot 

(and sworn) Merchant Taylor 

M.P. Hastinss 1669, 1660; Deputy-GoTernor Irisli Society 1668-9; Master Merchant 
Taylors 1663-3. 

1661, May 2 Henry Bainbrigg (or . . Broad Street, vice Bewley 

(9) Bambrigg), 1661 

Clothworker 

Master Clothworliei-s 1661. Died October 1, 1665. 

1661, June 11 Thomas Lewis, Fintecr Broad Street, vice Bainbrigg 

(on or before 1661 

20) 

(?) Will [P.C.C. 97 Bath] October 11, 1678 ; proved July 15, 1680. 

1661, June 18 Benoni Honywood, .. Bridge vice Atkyn 

(and sworn) Merchant Taylor Without, 

1661 

Master Merchant Taylors 1663-4. Died 1678 ; Will [P.C.C. Ill Reeve] June 10, 1675 ; 
proved October 14, 1678. 

1661,June27 John Jefferies (or .. Bread Street, vice Staughton 

(and sworn) Jeffreys), Orocer 1661 

M.P. BreclmoclDiliii-e 1661-2, Brecon Borouglis 1679-81, 1686-7; Auditor 1666-7; Master 
Grocers 1661-2. Died November 6, 1688 ; Will [P.C.C. 150 Ent] March 10, 1687 ; proved 
November 20, 1688. 

1661,June27 Thomas Colwall, .. Broad Street, vice Lewis 

(and sworn) Scrivener 1661 

Died December, 1675 ; Will [P.C.C. 146 Dycer] December 16 ; proved December 22, 1675. 

1661, June 27 Henry Spurstow, lfe?-cey Bridge vice Honywood 

(and sworn) Without, 

1661 
Committee E.I.C. 1651-2, 1653-7 ; Treasurer Levant Company 1663-5 (Court Assistants 
1657-8, 1661-2, 1665-6, 1668-9) ; Master Mercers 1664. Died (buried December 18) 1676 ; 
Will [P.C.C. 27 Drax] December 7, 1676 ; proved Pebi-uaiy 14, 1683. 

1661,June27 Samuel Foote, Frniner.. Farringdon vice Wale 

(and sworn) Without, 

1661 

Auditor 1666-8. 

1661,June27 Arthur Ingram, .. Bishopsgate vice Baokwell 

(July 1) Haberdasher 1661 

Knighted November 5, 1664 ; Committee E.I.C. 1662-5, 1675-8, 1679-80 ; Master 
Haberdashei-^ 1665-6. Died September 12, 1681 ; Will [P.C.C. 130 Nash] Pebraary 20, 
1680 ; proved September 26, 1681. 

1661, June 27 Samuel Stabling, .. Vintry, 1661-4, S. 1661-2, .. vice Delves 

(July 1) Brewer, translated to Portsoken, M. 1669-70 

Drapers October 14, 1664-74 
1669 

Knighted October 21, 1667 ; Master Brewers 1661-2 ; Drapers 1670-1 ; Colonel Orange 
Regiment 1669-74. Died (bm-ied August 27) 1674 ; Will [P.C.C. 28 Bunce] cod. May 30 ; 
proved December 3, 1674. 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 



93 



1661, July 1 Eiohard Nelmes, G?-oc«r Broad Street vice Colwall 

(and sworn) 1661 

Master Grocere 1662-3. Died 1686 ; adm. January 3, 1687. 

1661, July 1 Michael Jones, . . . . Bread Street vice Jeffreys 

(2) Haberdasher 1661 

1661, July 1 John Goldham, Grocer.. Bridge vice Spurstow 

(9) Without, 

1661-2 

Master Grocere 1665-6. 

1661, July 1 lira Thomas Turgis, . . Farringdon vice Foote 

(23) Grocer Without, 

1661 
M.P. Gatton 1659, 1660-81, 1685-7, 1689-1702. Died June 11, 1704. 

1661, July i 117b Thomas Hussey, . . Bishopsgate, vice Ingram 

(and sworn) Grocer . 1661 

Master Grocers 1663-4. Died 1671 ; Will [P.C.C. 61 Duke] March 4 ; proved May 13,1671. 

1661, July 4 George Poyner, . . . . Broad Street, vice Nelmes 

(and sworn) Ironmonger 1661 

Master Ironmongers 1662. 

1661, July 4 Andrew Plumpton, .. Bread Street vice Jones 

(9) Salter 1661 

Master Salters 1654. Died 1668 ; Will [P.C.C. 96 Hene] January 17; proved July 17, 1668. 

1661, July 9 Anthony Tyther, Grocer Broad Street vice Poyner 

(11) 1661 

Master Grocers 1664-5. Died February, 1670 ; Will [P.C.C. 33 Penn] cod. February 19 ; 
proved March 1, 1670. 

1661, July 11 Miles Flesher, Staiioner Bread Street, vice Plumpton 

(and sworn) 1661 

Master Stationers 1652-4, 1662-4. Died November 13, 1664 ; Will [P.C.C. 121 Bruce] 
November 28, 1663 ; proved November 21, 1664. 

1661, July 23 Eiohard Fuller, Draper Bishopsgate vice Hussey 

(25) 1661 

Died (buried January 29) 1672 ; Will [P.C.C. 45 Eure] cod. April 20, 1671 : proved April 
24, 1672. 

1661, July 23 William Greene, Breiwr Bread Street vice Flesher 

(30) 1661 

Created Baronet November, 1664 ; Master Brewers 1662-3. Died (burled October 
12) 1671 ; Will [P.C.C. 143 Dulie] February 20, 1668 ; proved December 7, 1671. 

1661, July 25 Humphrey Prymatt, .. Broad Street, vice Tyther 

(Aug. 27) Haberdasher 1661-3 

Master Haberdashers 1662-3. Died c August, 1663 ; Will [P.C.C. 115 Juxon] August 19 ; 
proved September 7, 1663. 

1661, Aug. 6 Henry Barnard, Mercer Farringdon vice Turgis 

Without, 
1661 
Knighted March 5, 1677. Died (buried April 27) 1680 ; Will [P.C.C. 76 Bath] April 
11, 1678 ; proved June 15, 1680. 

1661,Aug.27 ii8EiohardTaylor,SaZ«er.. Bread Street vice Greene 

(before Sept. 1661 

_m 

117. (a) He was son of (not as erroneously stated in Vol. I., pp. 162, 210, identical 
with) his namesake, who was Alderman of Vintry in 1650. This error was corrected at 
pp. 283, 234. 

117. (b) There is a similar error in regard to Hussey in Vol. I., pp. 41, 209, corrected 
at pp. 411, 419. 

118. The similarity of name, (having regard to the general disregard of orthographic 
uniformity in the 17th century), coupled with the coincidence of their respective Livery 
Companies, leads one to infer the probable identity of this personage with the Eichard 
Tyler, Salter, who was elected Alderman of Bridge Without in 1663. I cannot, however, 
adduce any evidence either in support or in refutation of this suggestion, and the Clerk to 
the Salters' Company professed himself unable to assist me to determine the point. 



94 Chronological List op Aldeemen. 

1661, Aug. 27 Simon Eve (or Ive), .. Bassishaw, 1661 vice 

(Sept. 19) Draper Reynardson 

(?) Diea 1662 ; Will [P.C.C. 97 Laud] February 4 ; proved July 7, 1662. 

1661, Sept. 3 William Fisher, Qrocer Parringdon vice Turgis 

(5) Without, 

1661-2 

1661, Sept. 5 Thomas Blaokall, .. Bishopsgate, . . [Elected S. 1666] vice Fuller 
(and sworn) Haberdasher 1661 

Died November 7, 1688 ; Will [P.C.C. 145 Bxton] July 29, 1687 ; proved November 23, 1688. 

1661, Sept. 10 George Hanger Bread Street, viae Taylor 

Merchant Taylor 1661 

1661,Sept.l9 Edward Chard Bishopsgate vice Blaokall 

(24) ClotMvorker 1661-2 

Died Marcli (buried March 20) 1662 ; Will [P.C.C. 46 Laud] Marcli 10 ; proved April 15, 
1662. 

1661,Sept.24 Thomas Culling (or . . Walbrook vice Thomson 

(and sworn) Cullen), Mercer 1661-2 

Auditor 1659-61 ; Deputy-Governor Irisli Society 1664-6, 1666-7 ; Master Mercers 1665. 

1661,Sept.26 John Bathurst Bread Street vice Taylor 

(Oct. 3) Fishmonger 1661-2 

Committee B.I.C. 1662-81 ; Prime Warden Fishmongers 1685. 

1661, Dec. 3 Richard Ryves, Draper Lime Street, . . S. 1663-4 . . vice Kinge 
(and sworn) 1661-71 

Knighted Octoher 12, 1663; Committee E.I.C. 1663-4; Master Drapers 1662-3. 
Died August 23, 1671 ; Will [P.C.C. 107 Duke] August 23 ; proved August 30, 1671. 

1662, Apr. 8 John Smith, Dyer . . Bishopsgate, . . [Elected S. 1664] vice Chard 

(l,")) 1662-4 

1662, Apr. 17 Thomas Bateman, . . Walbrook, vice Culling 

(May 27) Skinner 1662-4 

Created Baronet August, 1664 ; Sheriff Cambridgeshire and Hunts 1667-8. Died 
(buried October 13) 1686. 

1662, Apr. 24 Robert Hickes Bridge Without, vice Coldham 

(29) Tallow Chandler 1662 

Master Tallow Chandiei-s 1662-3. Died June 23, 1669 ; Will [P.C.C. 86 Coke] June 1 ; 
proved July 8, 1669. 

1662, May 6 John Hallett, . . . . Tower, 1662 vice Powke 

(on or before Merchant Taylor 
May 27) 

1662, May 13 Sir William Warren, .. Parringdon vice Fisher 

(27) Draper Without, 

1662 
Knighted April 12, 1661 ; Auditor 1674-6 ; Master Drapers 1668-9. 

1662, May 13 William Justice, . . Bassishaw, . . vice Eve 

(27) Haberdasher 1662-4 

Master Haberdashers 1663-4. Died 1675 ; adm. November 19, 1676. 

1662, June 5 John Godwyn (or . . Parringdon vice Warren 

(and sworn) Godden), Mercer Without, 

1662 

1862, June 5 James Brooke, Grocer . . Tower, 1662 . . [Elected S. 1669] vice Hallett 
Alderman and Lord Mayor York. 

1662, June William Tubnbb, . . (see October, 1660) vice Milner 

Merchant Taylor 

1662,June 12 John Sanders, Grocer .. Bread Street vice Bathurst 

(and sworn) 1662-4 

Deputy-Governor Irish Society 1658-9, 1660-2 ; Auditor 1660-2. Died 1669 ; Will [P.C.C. 
148 Coke] cod. June 11 ; proved November 2, 1669. 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 95 



1662, June 12 Timothy Wade, GrociSJ- Farriugdon vice Godwyn 

(17) Without, 

1662-4 
Died August, 1686 ; Will [P.C.C. 213 Lloyd] cod. August 21 ; proved August 26, 1686. 

1662, June Sir Thomas Blddwoeth, (see December, 1658) . . . , vice Love 
Vintner 

1662, July 22 William Webb, Grocer . . Tower, 1662-3 vice Hallett 

(on or before 
Sept. 4) 

Master Grocera 1666-7. 

1662, Dec. a Richard Mills, Draper.. Bridge Without vice Hickes 

1662 
Treasurer St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1658-77 ; Master Drapers 1669-70 ; Will [P.C.C. 35 
Hale] February 10, 1677 ; proved April 39, 1678. 

1663, Feb. 5 Thomas Wild, Grocer . . Bridge Without vice Hickes 

(12) 1663 

1663, Mar. 5 John Smith, ScrOTener. . Bridge Without, vice Wild 

(12) 1663 

1663, April 9 Hugh Parker, Merchant Bridge Without vice J. Smith 

(on or before Taylor 1663 (Scrivener) 

April 28) 

Created Baronet July, 1681. Died March 5, 1697; Will [P.C.C. 79 Pyne] March 
13, 1695 ; proved April 1, 1697. 

1663, Apr. 28 George Nodes, iferc/Mwi Bridge Without vice Parker 

(May 7) Taylor 1663 

1663, May Humphrey Clifie, Dyer Bridge Without, vice Nodes 

(14) 1663 

1663, May 19 "sRichard Tyler, SaZier Bridge Without, vice ClifEe 

(21) 1663 

1663, June 2 i^oThomas Oarleton, . . Tower, 1663 vice Webb 

(12) Mercer 

Master Mercers 1667-8. Died March, 1668 ; Will [P.C.C. 43 Hene] March 2 ; proved April 
8, 1668. 

1663, June 2 Richard Evans, Caiier Bridge Without, [Elected S. 1666] vice Tyler 
(18) 1663 

1663,June 18 Richard Thorowgood, . . Broad Street, vice Prymatt 

(23) Fishmonger 1663-4 

Died (buried June 10) 1678 ; Will [P.C.C. 88 Reeve] May 25 ; proved August 1, 1678. 

1663, June 80 John Orlibeare (or .. Tower, 1663 vice Carleton 

(July 7) Orlebar), Merchant 

Taylor 

Master Merchant Taylors 1660-1 ; Will [P.C.C. 108 Carr] cod. August 26, 1665 ; proved 
August 30, 1667. 

1663, July 21 William Harvey, Orocer Tower, 1663 vice Orlibeare 

(23) 

Died 1667. 

1663, July 23 Edward Arris, Barber- Bridge Without, vice Evans 

(28) Surgeon 1663 

Master Barber-Surgeons 1651. Died May 28, 1676 ; Will [P.C.C. 59 Bence] May 20 ; proved 
June 5, 1676. 

119. See note 118 (p. 93). 

120. The correct form of the name is as printed above. In Vol. I. (pp. 202, 337) I 
have adopted the form (' Charlton ') which is recorded in Repertory 69, fi. 144, 1506, 152. 



96 Oheonological List of Aldermen. 

1663, Sept. 15 Thomas Hayford, .. Bridge Without vice Arris 

(22) Haberdasher 1663 

Master Haberdashers 1666-7 ; WIU [P.C.C. 101 Pyne] September 14, 1671 ; proved August 8, 
1673. 

1663, Sept.24 Philip Dallow, Vintner Bridge Without, vice Hayford 

(Nov. 10) 1663 

1663, Oct. 8 James Silverlock, Grocer Cordwainer vice Harvey 

(Nov. 10) 1663 

Will [P.C.C. 63 Hene] cod. May 13, 1667 ; proved April 3, 1668. 

1663, Nov. 17 Oeorge Francklyn, .. Cordwainer, .. > vice Silverlock 

Grocer 1663 

(?) Committee E.I.C. 1635-41. 

1663, Nov. 26 i^iRiohard Browne, .. Bridge Without, vice Dallow 

(Deo. 3) Clothworker 1663-4 

(?) Died May, 1674 ; Will [P.C.C. .55 Bunce] May 1 ; proved May 18, 1674. 

1664, Jan. 12 Henry Hampson, . . Portsoken, vice Silverlock 

(21) Merchant Taylor 1664 

Master Merchant Taylors 1664-5. 

1664, Jan. 21 Thomas Browne, . . Bridge, 1664 . . [Elected S. 1666] vice Warner 

(on or before Clothworker 
Feb. 9) 

Will [P.C.C. 149 Ent] February 18, 1686 ; proved November 26, 1689. 

1664, Mar. 1 Charles Doe, Goldsmith Bridge Without, S. 1664-5 .. vice E. Browne 
(8) 1664-7 

Knighted June 10, 1665 ; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1664-5. Died 1671 ; adm. 
November 16, 1671. 

1664, Mar. 1 Gbobge Watebman, .. Bridge, 1664-82 S. 1664-5, .. vice T.Browne 
(on or before Skinner M. 1671-2 

Mar. 8) 

Knighted June 10, 1665. Died (buried November 19) 1682 ; Will [P.C.C. 10 Drax] 
September 27, 1681 ; proved January 16, 1683. 

1664, June 23 Eobbet Hanson, .. Bassishaw, .. S. 1665-6, .. vice Justice 
(24) Grocer 1664-80, M. 1672-3 

Parringdon 
Without, 
1680 

Knighted February 1, 1666; contested Abingdon 1675; Auditor 1657-9; Master 
Grocers 1678-9. Died December 1, 1680 ; Will [P.C.C. 108 North] November 11, 1680 ; 
proved July 14, 1681. 

1664, June 23 Charles Everard, .. Broad Street, vice 

(24) Goldsmith 1664 Thorowgood 

Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1666. Died October 29, 1665 ; Will [P.C.C. 44 Mlco] October 
28, 1665 ; adm. March 8, 1666. 

1664, June 24 William Hookbb, .. Walbrook, .. S. 1665-6, .. vice 

(and sworn) Grocer 1664-8, M. 1673-4 T. Bateman 

Cornhill, 

1668-89 

Knighted February 1, 1666; President St. Thomas' Hospital 1683-8; Master 
Grocers 1679-80. Died July 10, 1697 ; Will [P.C.C. 140 Pyne] June 2, 1696 ; proved 
July 16,1697. 

1664,June24 Thomas Bonfoy, Dye?- . . Bread Street, . . [Elected S. 1666] vice Sanders 
(28) 1664-6 

Knighted April 27, 1665. Died c October, 1669 ; Will [P.C.C. 133 Cote] October 8, 
adm. November 10, 1669. 

121. Overall (Bemembrancia, p. 199) confounds him with Sir Biohard Browne (Lord 
Mayor 1660-1). See note 98 (p. 69). 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 97 

1664, June 28 Stephen Prewen, .. Vintry, 1664 .. [Elected S. 1666] vice Hampson 

(July 5) Skinner 

Master Skinners 1665. Died (buried September 11) 1679 ; Will [P.C.0. 116 King] August 
19, 1677 ; proved October 4, 1679. 

1664, June 30 John Lee, Saddler .. Farringdon .. [Elected S. 1676] vice Wade 

Without, 
1664 
Will [P.C.C. 79 Cottle] August 11, 167B ; proved August 10, 1682. 

1664, July 19 Edward Honywood, . . Broad Street, vice Everard 

(21) Ironmonger 1664 

Master Ironmongers 1652. Died 1667 ; Will [P.C.C. 1.S3 Carr] July 10 ; proved October 
3, 1667. 

1664, July 19 William Wells, Fimiwer Vintry, 1664 vice Frewen 

(26) 

1664, July 21 Jolin Birchett, Grocer . . Bishopsgate, vice J. Smith 

(26) 1664 (Dyer) 

Master Grocere 1667-8. 

1664, July 23 Joshua Woolnough, . . Broad Street vice 

(26) Merchant Taylor 1664 Honywood 

Died May, 1666 ; Will [P.C.C. 90 Mico] May 22 ; proved May 30, 1666. 

1664, July 23 Thomas Shipton, .. Farringdon vice Wade 

(August 25) Tallow Chandler Without, 

1664 

1664, July 28 Roger Hatton, Draper . . Vintry, 1664-5 vice Wells 

(and sworn) 

Died July 26, 1666 ; Will [P.C.C. 129 Mico] November 7, 1664 ; proved August 13, 1666. 

1664, Aug. 25 James Hayes, .. Broad Street vice 

(on or before Leatherseller 1664 Woolnough 

Sept. 8) 

Auditor 1668-70 ; Treasurer St. Thomas' Hospital 1675-82 ; Master Leathei-sellers 1665-6. 
Died 1682 ; Will [P.C.C. 58 Cottle] June 7, 1674 ; proved May 19, 1682. 

1664, Sept. 8 Edward Bilton, Skinner Farringdon vice Shipton 

(13) Without, 

1664 
Master Skinners 1666. Will [P.C.C. 55 Bath] October 23, 1679 ; proved May 5, 1680. 

1664,Sept.22 Penning Alston, Grocer Broad Street, vice Hayes 

(on or before 1664 

Oct. 6) 

Died April, 1668. Will [P.C.C. 58 Hene] cod. March 31 ; proved April 9, 1668. 

1664, Oct. 20 Nicholas Bonfoy, . . Broad Street, . . vice Alston 

(25) Clothworker 1664-6 

Master Clothworkers 1665. Died 1671 ; adm. December 23, 1671. 

1664, Oct. 20 James Hickson, Brewer Bishopsgate vice Birchett 

(25) 1664 

Died June 16, 1689 ; Will [P.C.C. 97 Ent] February 16, 1687 ; proved July 1, 1689. 

1664, Nov.15 John Bence, Grocer . . Bishopsgate, vice Hickson 

(17) 1664-5 

M.P. Aldeburgh 1659, 1669-79, 1679-81, 1685-7 ; Commissioner Navy 1646 ; Sheriff Suffolk 
1664-5 ; Master Grocei-s 1668-9. Will [P.C.C. 126 Exton] March 26, 1686 ; proved 
March 16, 1688. 

1664, Dec. 1 Richard Shelbury, . . Farringdon . . [Elected S. 1666] vice Bilton 

(6) Scrivener Without, 

1664-6 
Died 1669 ; Will [P.C.C. 37 Coke] January ; proved March 16, 1669. 

1665, May 30 122 Alexander Holt, .. Vintry, 1665-6 [Elected S. 1666] vice Hatton 
(June 6) Goldsmith (or Leather- 
seller) 

122. See Vol. I., p. 343 (footnote). 



98 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 



1665, June 6 

(on or before 

June 13) 



William Knight, 
Goldsmith 



Bisliopsgate vice Benoe 

1665-6 



Prime Warden Goldsmiths 166S-6. Died (bui-ied May 31) 1683. 

i2sThomas Swallowe, . . Broad Street vice 

Ooldsmith 1666 N. Bonfoy 

Clerk Irons and Surveyor Meltings, Mint. Died September, 1676 ; Will [P.C.C. 125 
Bence] cod. September 8 ; proved September 20. 

George Mayo, Dyer .. Bread Street '^'°®„ „ , 

1666 Sir T. Bonfoy 

Died February, 1672 ; Will [P.C.C. 18 Eure] Febi-uary 8 ; proved February 12, 1672. 

Edward Dudson, Draper Bishopsgate, vice Knight 

1666 

Co. Co. Bishopsgate (1675); Master Drapers 1671-2. Died 1675 ; Will [P.C.C. 62 
Dycer] September 12, 1672 ; proved June 16, 1675. 

Isaac Lyte, Skinner . . Broad Street vice Swallowe 

1666 

Master Skinners 1667. Died 1673 ; Will [P.C.C. 102 Pyne] Febi-uary 15 ; proved August 
21, 1673. 

John Austen, Ooldsmith Bishopsgate, vice Dudson 

1666 
Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1667-8. Died September, 1670; Will [P.C.C. 115 Penn] 
September 20 ; proved September 30, 1670. 

Henry Scarborough, . . Bread Street, vice Mayo 

Oirdler 1666 

Sir Francis Clarke, .. Broad Street vice Lyte 

Draper 1666 

Knighted May 31, 1665; Committee E.I.C. 1660-73, 1674-5 ; Court Assistants Levant 
Company 1664-5 ; Master Drapers 1667-8, 1687-8. Died 1690 ; adm. June 4, 1690. 

John Hobby Bishopsgate, . , [Elected S. 1666] vice Austen 

Haberdasher 1666 

Committee B.I.C. 1664-6, 1667-8, 1669-70, 1671-2, 1673-6. Died April, 1675 ; Will [P.C.C. 
38 Dycer] cod. April 13; proved April 29, 1676. 

(d)1'''*Sib EoBEBT Vyneb Broad Street, S. 1666-7, .. vice Clarke 
(or Viner), Bart., 1666-9, M. 1674-5 

Goldsmith Langbourn, 

1669-86 
Knighted June 24, 1665 ; created Baronet June, 1666 ; Goldsmith to the 
■ King 1661 ; President Christ's Hospital 1683-6 ; Colonel Red Regiment 1667-88 ; Prime 
Warden Goldsmitlis 1666-7. Died September 2, 1688; WUl [P.C.C. 143 Exton] 
August 29 ; proved October 4, 1688. 

123. The absence of record of the actual date of this election is due to the 
destruction of the minutes in the Great Fire. There are no minutes from April 3 to 
July 3, 1666. Under the former date there is the heading ' Bludworth, Mayor,' followed 
by the words ' chartae quse desunt ne hie intrentur trinorum scilicet mensium (Aprilis, 
Mali & Junii) in horrendis ignibus perierunt ' (Rep. 71, fo. 66 b). It is possible that 
some others whose names are lost may have been chosen between Bonfoy's discharge 
and Swallowe's election. The Great Fire (which presumably is meant by the ' horrendi 
ignes ' of the memorandum) did not break out till September 2 ; it is somewhat strange 
that the three months' hiatus should come to an end at a date two months earlier, the 
minutes for July and August being preserved. The papers whose destruction is here noted 
were probably rough minutes which had never been copied into, and were not kept in the 
same place as, the official records, which were secured intact at the time of the fire. 

124. The D.N.B. article omits Viner's resignation of his Aldermanry in 1686, 
speaks of Alderman ' Blackwell ' (meaning ' Backwell '), and states that Sir E. Steele, who 
was not born till 1676, ' himself witnessed an occurrence in Viner's Mayoralty,' which 
was in 1674. The writer is hopelessly at sea in the chronological arrangement of the 
sentences referring to Viner's bankruptcy through neglecting to observe the distinction 
between the Civil computation of years and that now in use. 



1666 (soon 
afterMar.28) 



1666, July 10 
(and sworn) 



1666, July 10 
(11) 



1666, July 10 
(17) 



1666, July 17 
(26) 



1666, July 17 
(August 20) 

1666, July 24 

(on or before 

August 13) 



1666, Aug. 20 
(and sworn) 



1666, Aug. 20 
(23) 



Chronological List of Aldeemen. 



99 



1666, Aug. 20 
(23) 



1666, Aug. 23 
(and sworn) 



1666, Aug. 23 
(28) 



Michael Davison, 
Clothioorker 



Farringdon . . 
Without, 
1666 



vice Shelbury 



Committee B.I.C. 1663-4, 1666-76 ; Master Clothworkers 1669. Died 1676 ; Will [P.C.O. I 
Bence] June 23 ; proTed July 10, 1676. 



Robert Aske, 
Haberdasher 



Bread Street, 
1666 



[Elected S. 1666] vioa 

Scarborough 



Master Haberdashere 1685. Died Jamiary, 1689 ; Will [P.C.C. 13 Eut] January 18 ; 
proTed February 4, 1689. 



Nicholas Skinner, 
Salter 



.. Bishopsgate, vice Hobby 

1666 



Master Salters 1G69. Died 1670 ; Will [P.C.C. 115 Penn] August 29 ; proved September 



1666, Aug. 28 Peter Ducane 
(30) 



Dyer . . Farringdon vice Davison 

Without, 
1666 
Died Febi-uary 7, 1672 ; Will [P.C.C. 26 Eure] Pebriiaiy 1 ; proved March 13, 1672. 



1666, Aug. 28 Sir Richard Piggott, 
(30) Ch-ocer 



Bread Street, 
1666 



vice Aske 



1666,Sept.l2 
(18) 



Knighted February 28, 1666 ; Co. Co. Coleman Street (1675) ; clerk 
Patents (1660)-99 ; Deputy-Governor Irish Society 1676-7 ; Master Grocers 1670-1. 
Died March, 1699 ; Will [P.C.C. 119 Pett] July 12, 1698 ; proved July 17, 1699. 

Joseph Sheldon, . . Bishopsgate, . . S. 1666-7, . . vice Skinner 
Tallow-Chandler, 1666-81 M. 1675-6 

translated to Drapers 
October 7, 1675 

Knighted October 23, 1666 ; President St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1678-81 ; Colonel 
White Regiment (1676)-81; President Honourable Artillery Company 1680-1 
(Vice-President 1668-80) ; Master Tallow Chandlers 1667-8 ; Drapers 1676-7. Died 
August 16, 1681 ; Will [P.C.C. 115 North] July 25 ; proved August 23, 1681. 



1666,Sept.25 
(October 2) 



(d)125John Moobe, 
Qrocer 



. Farringdon . . S. 1672, vice Ducane 

Without, M. 1681-2 

1666-7, 
Walbrook, 
1671-87, 
1688-1702 

Knighted May 13, 1672 ; m.P. London 4685-7 ; Auditor 1670-2 ; Colonel Yellow Hegl- 
ment 1682-7 ; President Christ's Hospital 1686-7, 1688-1702 (acting President 1684-6) ; 
Committee B.I.C. 1669-70, 1671-2, 1673-1701 ; Master Grocers 1671-2. Died June 2, 
1702 ; Will [P.C.C. 101 Herne] May 21 ; proved June 3, 1702. 



1666,Sept.25 Henry Partridge (or 
(October 17) Patricke), Cooper 
Sheritf BeriB 1671. 



Bread Street, 
1666 



vice Piggott 



1666, Oct. 17 
(Nov. 29) 



Thomas Blaokerby, 
Skinner 
Master Skinners 1668. 



Vintry, 1666 vice Holt 



125. The D.N.B. omits the date of Moore's first election as Alderman, and makes 
no mention of his dismissal from office in.l687, or of his 30 years' service on the Com- 
mittee of the B.I.C. ; he is also said to have been President of Christ's Hospital 'in 1681,' 
a very inadequate representation of the fact that he held the of&ce for 15 years. It is 
not the fact, as stated in D.N.B., that he had actually been 'elected Sherifi' and dis- 
charged before 1671. He had, when discharged from his Aldermanry in 1667, paid the 
necessary fine to ensure freedom from liability to be elected Sherifi, which fine was 
returned to him when he accepted the office later. His knighthood did not, as the text 
of the article suggests, precede his election as Sheriff. The statement that the Lord 
Mayor's privilege of nominating a Sheriff ' had long been in abeyance ' before Moore's 
year of office is the exact opposite of the real facts ; the City Records prove that it had 
been exercised every year except one since 1662 ; Pilkington, who is referred to in the 
article as Sheriff during Moore's mayoralty, was himself the nominee of Moore's 
or in the chair. 



100 



Chkonological List of Aldermen. 



1666, Nov. 29 John Owen, Stationer Cordwainer, vice 

1666 

Colonel Yellow Regiment 1659. 

1667, Jan. 15 William Bucknell, .. Bread Street, vice Partridge 

(22) Breioer 1667 

Knighted September 20, 1670 ; M.P. Liverpool 1670-6 ; Master Brewers 1669-70. 
Died (buried November 16), 1676 ; Will [P.C.C. 141 Benee] August 13 ; proved Novem- 
ber 21, 1676. 

1667, Jan. 15 Richard Chandler, . . Vintry, 1667 vice Blackerby 

(31) Haberdasher 

Master Haberdashers 1668-9, 1682-3. Died November 9, 1691 ; Will [P.C.C, 186 Vere] cod. 
October 28 ; proved November 17, 1691. 

1667, Feb. 7 Anthony Stanlake, Dyer Cheap, 1667 vice Soame 

(12) 

Died July 26, 1671 ; Will [P.C.C. 108 Duke] October 7, 1670 ; proved August 21, 1671. 

1667, Feb. 36 Edward Smith, Saddler (see Sept. 25, 1652) .. . . vice Meynell 

1667, Mar. 7 laejohn Mellish, . . .. Cheap, 1667 vice Stanlake 

(12) Merchant Taylor 

Will [P.C.C. 26 Reeve] August 3, 1677 ; proved March 22, 1678. 

1667,Mar.l2 Richard Spencer, .. Vintry, 1667 vice Chandler 

(21) Vintner 

Committee E.I.C. 1663-4, 1667 ; Court Assistants Levant Company 1662-3, 1664-6. Died c 
September, 1667 ; Will [P.C.C. 120 Can-] cod. August 28 ; proved September 26, 1667. 

1667,Mar.l2 William Buncombe, .. Cripplegate vice Doe 

(26) Mercer 1667-8 

(?) Died 1669 ; Will [P.C.C. 40 Coke] March 12 ; proved April 23, 1669. 

1667, Mar.21 Philip Jemmott, Brewer Dowgate, 1667 vice Sir A. 

(26) Bateman 

SherifE Berks 1674. Died June 17, 1678. 

1667, Apr. 4 John Jermyn, Saiter .. Cheap, 1667 vice Hellish 

(23) 

Master Salters 1674. 

1667, Apr. 30 Richard Beckford, .. Bread Street, vice Bucknell 

(before May Clothworker 1667 

^) 

Master Clothworkers1670. Died 1679; Will [P.C.C. 156 King] June 7, 1678; proved 

December 10, 1679. 

1667, May 14 Hugh Lawton, Draper.. Dowgate, 1667 vice Jemmott 

(21) 
1667, May 14 Humphrey Beane, .. Bread Street, . . [Elected S. 1674] vice Beckford 
(21) Cordwainer 1667 

Master Oordwaiuers 1667-8. Died Januaiy, 1680 ; Will [P.C.C. 80 Bath] October 23, 1679 ; 
proved January 14, 1680. 

1667, May 14 3 oh.n 0-vien, Fishmonger Farringdon .. [Elected S. 1667] vice Moore 
(24) Without, 

1667 
Prime Warden Fishmongers, 1668. Died 1679 ; Will [P.C.C. 23 King] June 8, 1676 ; 
proved Febiiiary 2, 1679. 

1667, May 14 Silvester Dennis, Di/er. . Cheap, 1667 vice Jermyn 

(June 6) 

1667, June 6 William Dashwood, . . Vintry, 1667 . . [Elected s. 1672] vice Spencer 
(18) Brewer 

Master Brewers 1667-8. 

126. The similarity of name suggests possible identity with John Melhuse, Draper, 
elected Alderman of Walbrook in 1652, but I think that though the orthographic variants 
represent the same patronymic, the individuals denoted are different — probably father 
and son. For the possible confusion between ' Draper ' and ' Mercltant Taylor,' see 
note 108 (p. 79). 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 



101 



1667,Juiiel8 Denis Gauden Dowgate, .. S. 1667-8 .. vice Lawton 

(on or before Clothiuorker 1667-76 

July 18) 

Knighted October 23, 1667; Master Clothworlcers 1C67 ; Surveyor Victualling Navy 
1660. Med (biu-ied July 1) 1688 ; Will [P.C.C. 106 Exton] September 12, 1684 ; proved 
August 17, 1688. 

1667, June 27 James Saron, .. .. Vintry, 1667 vice 

(29) ClothiDorker Dashwood 

Died August. 1667 ; Will [P.O.C. 103 Carr] August 2 ; proved Augu.st 22, 1667. 

1667, July 2 Edmund Lewen, . . Parringdon vice Owen 

(18) Merchant Taylor Without, (Fishmonger) 

1667 

Master Merchant Taylore 1667-8. 

1667, July 11 William Sherrington, . . Bread Street, vice Beane 

(16) Fishmonger 1667 

Died August, 1671 ; Will [P.C.C. 108 Duke] August 12 ; proved August 29, 1671. 

1667, July 11 John Athy, Haberdasher Vintry, 1667 vice Baron 

Died October, 1687 ; Will [P.O.C. 123 Foot] cod. October 4 ; proved October 31, 1687. 

1667, July 23 John Breedon, .. .. Parringdon .. [Elected S. 1667] vice Lewen 
(80) Ironmonger Without, 

1667 
II. P. Reading 1685 ; Sheriff Berks 1676 ; Master Ironmongers 1685. Died August, 1685 : 
Will [P.C.C. 117 Cann] cod. July 5 ; proved October 21, 1686. 

1667, July 23 Thomas Talbot, Grocer . . Bread Street vice 

(30) 1667 Sherrington 
Master Grocei's 1673-4. 

1667, Aug. U Edward Nash Bread Street vice Talbot 

(26) Merchant Taylor 1667 

Master Merchant Taylors 1668-9. Died March, 1679 ; Will [P.C.C. 48 King] March 14 ; 
proved April 4, 1679. 

1667, Aug. 26 Henry Knight, Brewer.. Farringdon vice Breedon 

(Sept. 3) Without, 

1667 

1667, Aug. 26 John Eerrer, Bre!«er .. Gordwainer vice Meynell 

(Sept. 5) 1667-8 

Teoman Great Chamber. Died 1670 ; Will [P.C.C. 87 Penn] February 28 ; proved May 6, 
1670. 

1667 (sworn George Clark . . . . Bread Street vice Nash 

Sept. 10) 1667 

1667, Sept.lO Walter Moore, .. . . Farringdon . . [Elected S. 1667] vice Knight 
Merchant Taylor Without, 

1667 

1667, Sept.lO ^^TGracian Lynch, Brewer Vintry, 1667 vice Baron 

Died Januaiy 19, 1692. 

1667,Sept.l7 Jeremy Greene, CwiZer Parringdon vice Knight 

(19) Without, 

1667 

1667,Sept.l9 (D*)i''i8TH0MAsDAViBS,. . Parringdon .. S. 1667-8, .. vice Greene 
(23) Stationer, translated Without, M. 1676-7 

to Drapers October 19, 1667-80 
1676 
Knighted October 23, 1667 ; Colonel Orange Regiment 1677-80 ; Master Stationers 
1668-70 ; Drapers 1677-8. Died March, 1680 ; Will [P.C.C. 45 Bath] March 18 ; adm. 
April 6, 1680. 

127. Por the curious orthographical variations in his surname as recorded in 
Repertory 72, see Vol. I., p. 212. 

128. The name of his Ward and the date of his election, which are wanting in the original edition of 
JD.yM., are supplied (on my information) in the revised issue. In which the date of his death is given correctly, 
having in the former edition been according to the old Civil computation. An obvious misprint makes him 
Master of the Stationers several years after his death. 



102 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 



1667, Oct. 3 
(17) 

1667, Oct. 22 

(on or before 

Nov. 12) 

1667, Oct. 28 
(Nov. 12) 

1668, Jan. 28 



1668, Feb. 6 
(and sworn) 



1668, Feb. 6 
(11) 

1668, Feb, 13 
(18) 

1668, Feb. 27 

1668, Mar. 3 

(5) 

1668,Mar.l2 
(April 21) 



1668, Apr. 21 
(23) 

1668, Apr. 21 
(28) 

1668, Apr. 21 
(28) 



1668, May 21 
(28) 



1668, May 21 
(June 9) 

1668, May 28 
(June 2) 



1668, May 28 



1668, June 11 
(16) 



Francis Asty, . . . . Bread Street vice Clark 

Eaberdasher 1667-8 

Richard Bailey (or . . Vintry, 1667-8 vice Baron 

Baylis), Orocer 

Master Grocers 1672-3. 

Eobert Clarkson, . . Cheap, 1667 vice Dennis 

Draper 
Master Drapers 1673, 1691-2. 

Thomas Harley, Vintner Cheap, 1668 vice Clarkson 

(?) F.R.S. May, 1667. 

Peter Delannoy, Dyer . . Vintry, 1668 vice Bailey 

Treasurer St. Thomas' Hospital 1669-75. Died 1675 ; Will [P.C.C. 113 Dycer] May 7, 
1674 ; proved November 22, 1676. 

Allen Cliife, ., .. Bread Street vice Asty 

Merchant Taylor 1668 

Auditor 1671-2, 1678-80 ; Master Merchant Taylors 1669-70. 

John Forth, Brewer . . Cripplegate, . . S. 1668-9 . . vice 

1668-76 Duncombe 

Master Brewers 1668-9. Died 1678 ; adm. December, 1678. 

Thomas Young, Brewer Vintry, 1668 vice Delannoy 

Edward Midwinter, . . Farringdon vice Oliffe 

Vintner "Within, 1668 

Died 1670 ; Will [P.C.C. 129 Penn] September 29 ; proved October 14, 1670. 

Jonathan Barford, . . Farringdon . . . . . . . . vice 

Vintner Within, 1660, Midwinter 

1668 
Died 1676 ; Will [P.C.C. 132 Hale] September 7, 1672 ; adm. September 2, 1675 ; proved 
December 7, 1677. 

Francis Townley, . . Vintry, 1668 vice 

Haberdasher Delannoy 

Master Haberdashers 1669-70. 

John Jurin, Dyer . . Cornhill, 1668 vice Adams 

Will [P.C.C. 130 Bath] cod. December 30, 1678 ; proved October 12, 1680. 

Henry Ohittey, Vintner Cheap, 1668 vice Clarkson 

Master Vintners 1669. Died 1680; Will [P.0.0. 113 Bath] cod. May 10; proved 
September 25, 1680. 

Fbancis Chaplin, . . Vintry, 1668-80 S. 1668-9, . . vice TowiUey 
Clothworker M. 1677-8 

Knighted 1669 or 1670; Master Clotliworkers 1668. Died June 27, 1680; Will 
[P.C.C. 93 Bath] cod. June 4, 1679 ; proved July 5, 1680. 

John Steele, Salter . . Farringdon vice Barford 

Within, 1668 
Died 1670 ; Will [P.C.C. 162 Peun] October 27 ; proved November 19, 1670. 

John Cudworth, GirdZe?- Cornhill, 1668 vice Jurin 

Master Girdlera 1668. Died May, 1675 ; Will [P.C.C. 43 Dycer] May 14 ; proved May 18, 

Sir Ralph Batcliffe {or Castle Baynard, vice Bolton 

Badcliffe), Broderer 1668 

Knighted February 18, 1668. Contested Hei-ts 1716. Died July 15, 1720; Will 
[P.C.C. 164 Slialler] Pebraary 3, 1714 ; proved July 29, 1720. 

Richard Howe, Wood- Cordwainer, . . S. 1678-9 . . vice Ferrer 

monger, translated to 1668, [Elected S. 1675] 

Fishmongers Sept. 26, Aldersgate, 

1679 1682-3 

Knighted October 28, 1678 ; M.P. Southwark 1679-81 ; Prime Warden Fish- 
mongers 1680. Died c September, 1683 ; adm. October 26, 1683. 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 108 



1668, June 23 John liame, Clothwoi-ker Parringdon vice Steele 

(30) Within, 1668 

Auditor 1672-4; Deputy-Governor Irish Society 1673-4; Master Clothworkers 1671. 
Died 1676 ; Will [P.C.C. 113 Dyeer] cod. July 28 ; proved November 18, 1670. 

1668, June 23 John Wilding, .. .. Walbrook vice 

(July 2) Haberdasher 1668 Oudworth 

1668, June 80 William Bainhrigg (or . . Candlewick vice Bolton 

(July 2) Bambrigg), Merchant 1668 

Taylor 
Died 1672 ; WUl [P.C.C. 118 Eure] July 3 ; proved October 24, 1672. 

1668, July 7 I'-^^Henry Ashhurst, . . Cordwainer vice Howe 

(9) Merchant Taylor 1668 

Master Merchant Taylors 1670-1. Died (buried December 1) 1680 ; Will [P.C.C. 159 Bath] 
July 10, 1678 ; proved December 23, 1680. 

1668, July 9 Edward Nevett, Grocer Farringdon vice Lane 

(14) Within, 1668 

Will [P.C.C. 1 Eure] December 25, 1671 ; proved January 12, 1672. 

1668, July 14 John Smith, Salter .. Walbrook, .. S. 1669-70 .. vice Wilding 
(23) 1668-71, 

Bread Street, 
1671-3 

Knighted July 8, 1670 ; Master Salters 1673. Died June 18, 1673 ; Will [P.C.C. 105 
Pyne] May 24 ; proved August 8, 1673. 

1668, July 21 Richard Booth, Grocej- Farringdon vice Nevett 

(23) Within, 1668 

Master Grocers 1674-5. Died 1692; Will [P.C.C. 219 Pane] November 14; proved 
December 16, 1692. 

1668, July 21 John Prestwood, .. Cordwainer vice Ashhurst 

(28) Haberdasher 1668 

Court Assistants Levant Company 1662-74. Will [P.C.C. 93 Dycer] April 6, 1672 ; proved 
September 27, 1675. 

1668, July 23 Samuel Eyves (or .. Cheap, 1668-9 vice Chittey 

(Aug. 27) Eeeve), Grocer 

Sheriff Herts 1671-2. Will [P.C.C. 46 Hare] April 27, 1683 ; proved April 28, 1684. 

1668, July 28 Henry Grey, Salter . . Candlewick vice 

(30) 1668 Bainbrigg 

1668, Aug. 6 Edward Brent Cordwainer vice 

(on or before Shipwright 1668 Prestwood 

Sept. 15) 

Died 1677 ; Will [P.C.C. 37 Hale] February 17 ; proved April 3, 1677. 

1668, Aug. 25 Francis Dorrington, .. Parringdon vice Booth 

(on or before Clothworker Within, 

Oct. 1) 1668-9 

M.P. Haslemere 1680-1 ; Master Clothworkers 1672. Will [P.C.C. 108 Coker] April 28, 
1691 ; proved July 15, 1693. 

1668, Sept. 22 Benjamin Albin, .. Candlewick vice Grey 

(24) Skinner 1668 

Committee B.I.C. 1666-7, 1668-73 ; Husband Levant Company 1668-71 (Court Assistants 
1662-8, 1671-4J ; Master Skinners 1669. Will [P.C.C. 113 Bence] December 6, 1675 ; 
proved March 22, 1676. 

1668, Oct. 6 Jonathan Blackwell, . . Candlewick vice Albin 

(26) Scrivener 1668 

Sheriff Bristol 1652-3. Died 1676 ; Will [P.C.C. 119 Bence] January 17, 1673 ; proved 
September 25, 1676. 



129. D.N.B. article omits both the name of his Ward and the date of his election, 
and ignores the fact that he resigned immediately. It also misdates the Knighthood of 
his son. Sir WiUiam Ashhurst (afterwards Lord Mayor). 



104 



Chronological List oe Aldermen. 



1668, Oct. 6 

(on or before 

Nov. 17) 

1668, Dec. 17 



1669, Jan. 19 
(28) 



1669, May 4 
(11) 



1669, May 25 
(27) 



1669, June 10 
(17) 



1669, June 17 
(22) 

1669, June 17 
(22) 

1669, June 24 
(July 1) 

1669,June24 
(July 13) 

1669,July20 
(27) 



1669, July 20 
(Aug. 31) 

1669, July 29 
(Aug. 31) 



1669, Aug. 4 
(and sworn) 



1669, Sept. 7 
(23) 



1669,Nov. 23 

(and sworn) 

[Court] 



Eobert Bead, .. .. Cordwainer, vice Brent 

Fishmonger 1668-9 

Emery Hill, Brewer . . Candlewick vice 

1668-9 Blachwell 

Died June 27, 1677 ; Will [P.C.C. 136 Hale] April 10 ; proved July 20, 1677. 

Thomas Plampin (or . . Candlewick vice 

Plampion), Merchant 1669 Blackwell 

Taylor 
Died 1671 ; adm. November 6, 1671. 

John Colvill, Goldsmith Cheap, 1669 vice S. Hyves 

Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1669-70. Died (buried October 2.')) 1670 ; adm. October 29, 
1670. 

John Morris, Scrivener Cheap, 1669 vice Colvill 

M.P. Bletcliingley 1679. Died Februaiy, 1682 ; Will [P.C.C. 153 Cottle] cod. January 31 ; 
proved March 28, 1682. 

James Edwabds, Grocer Candlewick, . . S. 1669-70, . . vice 

1669-86, 1688 M. 1678-9 Plampion 

Knighted November 5, 1670; Colonel Green Regiment 1680-7 1 President St. 
Bartholomew's Hospital 1681-8 ; Master Grocers 1680-1 ; Committee E.I.C. 1651-7, 
1669-60, 1665-6, 1667-8, 1675-9, 1680-91 (Deputy-Governor 1676-8). Died Februaiy 13, 
1691 ; Will [P.C.C. 52 Vere] December 30, 1690 ; proved Jlarch 5, 1691. 

Daniel Parrington, . . Cordwainer, vice Read 

Haberdasher 1669 

Thomas Polhill, . . Parringdon vice 

Merchant Taylor Within, 1669 Dorrington 

Will [P.C.C. 25 Drax] December 22, 1682 ; proved February' 13, 1683. 

Thomas James, . . . . Farringdon vice Polhill 

Shipwright Within, 1669 

John Man, . . . . Cheap, 1669 . . [Elected S. 1669] vice Morris 

Tallow Chandler 
(?) M.P. Weymouth 1673-9 ; Will [P.C.C. 44 Hare] October 3, 1683 ; proved April 24, 1684. 

Thomas Allen, Girdler . . Farringdon vice James 

Within, 1669 
Master Girdiers 1657-8. (?) Died 1677 ; Will [P.C.C. 44 Hale] February 1 ; proved May 
16, 1677. 

Dannet Forth, Breaie*-.. Cheap, 1669-76 S. 1670-1 .. vice Man 

Master Brewei-s 1670-1. 

William Fluellen, . . Cordwainer, vice Parrington 

Tallow Chandler 1669-70 

Co. Co. Bassishaw (1675) ; Auditor 1667-9 ; Master Tallow Chandlers 1670-1. Died 
September 11, 1676 ; Will [P.C.C. 99 Dycer] August 2 ; proved October 26, 1675. 

Joseph Pinch, . . . . Farringdon vice T. AUen 

Fishmonger Within, 

1669 

Died May 2, 1670 ; Will [P.C.C. 58 Penn] cod. August 21, 1669 ; proved May 10, 1670. 

John Eandall, Draper . . Farringdon, vice Pinch 

Within, 
1669-70 

Co. Co. Cordwainer (1675)-6 ; Master Drapers 1674-5 ; Died (buried October 6), 1676 ; 
Will [P.C.C. 132 Bence] cod. September 28; proved October 6, 1676. 

William Salmon, . . Broad Street vice 

Haberdasher 1669 Sir R. Browne 

Died 1679 ; WUl [P.C.C. 82 King] May 12 ; proved September 3, 1679. 



Chronological List of Aldbemen. 105 

1669, Deo. 9 Jonathan Dawes, . . Broad Street, . . S. 1671-2 . . vice Salmon 
(Jan.11,1670) Fishmonger 1669-72 

Knighted October 30, 1671 ; Committee E.I.C. 1668-9 ; Court Assistants Levant 
Company 1667-9, 1670-2 : Prime Warden Plsbmongers 1670. Died April 18, 1672 ; Will 
[P.C.C. 120 Eure] April 13 ; adm. October 18, 1672. 

1670, Apr. 12 John NiocoU (or . . Farringdon vice Randall 

(19) NiohoUs), Within, * 

Leatherseller 1670 

(?) Co. Co. Farringdon Within (1675)-81 ; Master LeatherscUers 1670-1 ; Treasurer 
St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1681-1703. Died Hay, 1703. 

1670,M:aylO i^o Thomas Wandell, .. Cordwainer vice Fluellen 

(17) Merchant Taylor 1670 

Co. Co. Parrlngdou Without (1675) ; Master Mercliant Taylors 1681-2, 1683-4. 
Died 16S4; Will [P.C.C. 156 Hare] cod. October 6 ; proved November 25, 1684. 

1670, May 10 Eichard Copson, Orocer Farringdon vice NiccoU 

(June 7) Within, 

1670 

1670, May 31 John Roberts Cordwainer, vice Wandell 

(June 2) Haberdasher 1670 

Created Baronet February, 1681. Died December 14, 1692 ; Will [P.C.C. 42 Coke] 
April 4, 1692 ; proved March 22, 1G93. 

1670, June 14 Edward Waldoe, .. Farringdon vice Copson 

(and sworn) Clothworker Within, 

1670 
Knighted October 19, 1677. Died early in 1708 ; Will [P.C.C. 49 Barrett] September 
24, 1706 ; proved Pebraary 17, 1708. 

1670,Junel6 {d*)181Eobebt Clayton, Cordwainer, .. S. 1671-2, vice Roberts 

(28) Scrivener, translated 1670-6, M. 1679-80 

to Drapers October 23, Cheap, 
1679 1676-83, 1688, 

1689-1707 

Knighted October 30, 1671 ; M.P. London 1679-81, 1689-90, 1695-8, 1701-2, 1705-7 ; 
Bletchingley 1690-5, 1698-1701, 1702-5 ; elected lor Castle Rising and Bletchingley 1705 
(contested London 1690, 1702) ; Commissioner Customs 1689-97 ; Governor Insh Society 
1692-1706 : President Honom-able Artillery Company 1690-1703 ; Colonel Orange 
Eegiment 1680-1, 1689-90, 1694-1702 ; President St. Thomas Hospital 1692-1TO7 ; 
Dii-ector Bank ot England 1702-7 ; Master Drapers 1680-1. Died July 16, 1707 ; Will 
[P.C.C. 165 Foley] cod. July 11 ; proved August 1, 1707. 

1670,June21 John 'Botsiev, Merchant Farringdon vice Waldoe 

(28) Taylor Within, 1670 

Master Merchant Taylors 1672-3. 

1670 July 5 Jacob Bonnell, Grocer . . Farringdon vice Forster 

(7) Within, 1670 

Master Grocers 1675. Died 1675 ; Will [P.C.C. 81 Dycer] May 6 ; proved August 5, 1675. 

1670 July 19 John Doggett, ilfercer . . Farringdon vice Bonnell 

(26) Within, 1670 

Committee E.I.C. 1674-5, 1677-8. Died 1680; Will [P.C.C. 46 Bath] December 26, 1679; 
proved April 6, 1680. 

1670,Aug.25 William Daniel, .. Farringdon vice Doggett 

(Sept. 15) Haberdasher Within, 1670 

Will [P.C.C. 75 Reeve] December 24, 1677 ; proved July 21, 1678. 



130. The name is given incorrectly as ' Wardell ' and 'Wardall' in Vol. I., 
pp. 119, 346. 

131. The original issue of D.N.B. (corrected on my information in the later edition) 
makes his Aldermanio service continuous from 1670 to 1688, ignoring his ejection in 1683 
and also his eighteen years' tenure of of&oe after his restoration. 



106 



Chronological List of Aldeemen. 



1670, Oct. 18 
(and sworn) 



1671,Sept.l4 



1671,Sept.26 
(and sworn) 

1672, June i 
(6) 



1672, June 13 
(18) 



1672, June 20 

1672, June 27 
(July 2) 



(d)182Patibncb Wabd, 
Merchant Taylor 



Farringdon 
Within, 
1670-83, 
1688-96 



S. 1670-1, 
M. 1680-1 



. . vice Daniel 



Knighted October 29,1675; P.E.S. April, 1681; M.P. Pontefract 1679-81; 
London 1689-90 (contested London 1 690) ; Commissioner Customs 1689-97 ; Colonel 
Blue Regiment 1689-90, 1694-6 ; Master Merchant Taylors 1671-2. Died July 10, 1696 ; 
Will [P.O.C. 167 Bond] March i ; proved August 7, 1696. 

Benjamin Andrews, . . Walbrook, 1671 vice 

Merchant Taylor SirR.Ryves 

Died 1687 ; Wili [P.C.C. 112 Foot] April 13 ; proved September 15, 1687. 



John Moobb, Qrocer 



(see Sept. 25, 1666) 



vice 

Sir E. Eyves 



James Burkin, . . . . Broad Street vice Dawes 

Clothworker 1672 

Co. Co. Tower (1675)-7 ; Master Clothworkers 1673. Died July 4, 1677 ; Will 
[P.C.C. 70 Hale] September 20, 1676 ; proved July 5, 1677. 

John Ashe, Leatherseller Broad Street vice Burkin 

1672 

Master Leathersellers 1672-3. Died April 19, 1684 ; WUl [P.C.C. 37 Hare] April 28, 1681 ; 
proved April 28, 1684. 



Kenelm White, . . 
Merchant Taylor 



Broad Street, . . [Elected S. 1672] vice Ashe 
1672 



S. 1672-3, 
M. 1682-3 



vice Ashe 



(d)™WilliamPbichabd, Broad Street, 
Merchant Taylor 1672-83, 

1688-1705, 
Bridge 
Without, 
1683-7 

Knighted October 28, 1672 ; m.P. London 1685-7, 1690-5, 1702-5 (contested London 
1695, 1701) ; Colonel Blue Regiment 1676-87, White Regiment 1690-4, 1702-5 ; Governor 
Irish Society 1687, 1688-90; President Honourable Artillery Company 1681-90, 1703-5 
(Vice-President 1680-1) ; President St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1688-1706 ; Committee 
E.I.C. 1696-7, 1698-1703 ; Master Merchant Tayloi-s 1673-4 (Deputy-Master 1684-5). 
Died February 18, 1705 ; Will [P.C.C. 165 Gee] December 29, 1702 ; proved April 17, 
1706. 



132. Ward's removal from office in 1683 and restoration in 1688 are passed over in 
D.N.B. article, which also ignores his Parliamentary service for Pontefract. He was not, 
as there stated, a Colonel of the Trained Bands during his Mayoralty, nor was the 
composition of the City lieutenancy subject, as the article clearly implies, to popular 
election. The date of his restoration to the Colonelcy of the Blue Regiment (1694) is 
wrongly given as 1691, although Luttrell, to whom reference is made as authority for the 
erroneous date, records it quite correctly. The note ' on the character and dispositions of 
the London Aldermen' is incorrectly referred to as 'probably supplied to James II.,' 
although the Gentleman's Magazine, 1769, from which it is professedly copied, expressly 
states that it was ' presented to His Majesty King Charles II.,' and this is confirmed by 
internal evidence, inasmuch as it deals with some Aldermen who died and others who 
resigned before the end of Charles' reign, and moreover, names Sir G. Waterman as the 
existing Lord Mayor, which fixes the date as 1671-2. This article strikingly exemplifies 
the necessity of verifying for one's self D.N.B. references instead of taking them on trust. 

133. The spelling above is that of the Alderman's autograph : the name is more 
commonly spelled with an intrusive ' t,' which form is adopted by the D.N B., by 
Dr. Sharpe in London and the Kingdom, and by myself in the earlier portion of Vol. I. 
of this work (pp. 67, 77). The D.N.B. article names only one of his Wards, omits the 
dates of his elections as Alderman, misdates that of his first candidature for the 
parliamentary representation of the city, and states that he ' laid down his gown ' in 
1688, whereas he served continuously from that date till his death, more than 16 years 
later. There is no mention of his (jovernorship of the Irish Society or of his Presidency 
of the Honourable Artillery Company. The Christian name of Sir Thomas Pilkington 
(himself the subject of an article in the D.N.B.) is given as 'John.' Prichard was not, 
as stated in D.N.B. , ' head of the poll,' but third at the London parliamentary election of 
1702 ; his candidature in 1695 is omitted, whereas that in 1698, which was not persisted 
in but withdrawn before the poll, is recorded. 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 



107 



1673, July 29 Hknby Tulse, Grocer . 
(31) 



Bread Street, . . 
1673-87, 
1688-9 



S. 1673-4, 
M. ] 683-4 



vice Smith 



Knighted October 29, 1673 ; Committee B.I.C. 1687-8 ; Elected Presiaent Bethlem 
and Bridewell 1689 ; Master Grocers 1681-2. Died August 30, 1689 ; Will [P.C.C. 46 
But] October 2, 1688 ; proved September 26, 1689. 



1674, Sept. 1 
(and sworn) 



James Smyth, Draper . . 



Portsokeu, 
1674-87, 
1688-9 



S. 
M. 



1672-3, 
1684-5 



vice Starling 



Knighted October 29, 1672 ; Colonel Orange Regiment 1681-7, 1688-9, 1690-4 ; Tice- 
President Honourable Artillery Company 1681-9 ; President Bethlem and Bridewell 
1688-9 ; Committee E.I.C. 1687-8 ; Master Drapers 1673-4, 1684-5. Died December 9, 
1706 ; Will [P.C.C. 267 Eedes] January 7 ; proved December 12, 1706. 



1676,AprilH Sir Nathaniel Heme, 
(18) Barber-Surgeon 



Billingsgate, .. S. 1674-5 .. vice Peake 
1676-9 [Elected S. 1673] 

Knighted August 9, 1674 ; Co. Co. Coleman Street (1675)-6 ; M.P. Dart- 
mouth 1679 (contested 1673) ; Master Barber-Surgeons 1674 ; Committee E.I.C. 1666-79 
(Deputy-Governor 1672-4, Governor 1674-6, 1678-9). Died August 10, 1679; Will 
[P.C.C. 107 King] April 12, 1677 ; proved August 28, 1679. 

1676, June 15 Sir John Lethuillier, .. Cripplegate, .. S. 1674-5 .. vice J. Forth 
(20) Barber- Surgeon 1676 [Elected S. 1673] 

Knighted September 29, 1674 ; Co. Co. Tower 1675-6 ; Committee E.I.C. 
1673-4, 1675-7, 1678-9, 1680-1, 1685-6 ; Court Assistants Levant Company 1678-9, 1680-1, 
1684-8, 1691-3, 1694-5 ; Master Barber-Surgeons 1676. Died January 4, 1719 ; Will 
[P.C.C. 12 Browning] cod. January 23, 1716 ; proved January 23, 1719. 



1676, June 22 
(and sworn) 



Sib Robebt Gefpbby, . 
Ironmonger 



Oordwainer, 
1676-87, 
1688-1704 



S. 
M. 



1673-4, 
1685-6 



vice D. Forth 



Knighted October 29, 1673 ; Deputy Lime Street (1675)-6 ; Deputy- 
Governor Irish Society 1670-1 ; Auditor 1673-5 ; President Bethlem and Bridewell 
1689-90, 1693-1704 ; Master Ironmongers 1667, 1685. Died Pebraary 26, 1704 ; Will 
[P.C.C. 63 Ashe] February 10 ; proved March 13, 1704. 



1676, July 4 Sib John Shobter, 
(6) Goldsmith 



Cripplegate, . . S. 1675-6, . . vice 
1676-83, M. 1687-8 Lethuillier 

1687-8 

Knighted October 29, 1675 ; contested Southwark 1679 (Ms) ; Colonel Yellow 
Regiment 1687-8 ; President Bethlem and Bridewell 1687-8 ; Prime Warden Gold- 
smiths 1676-7. Died September 4, 1688 ; Will [P.C.C. 129 Exton] August 31 ; proved 
September 19, 1688. 



1676,Sept.26 
(28) 



Dowgate, 
1676-83 



S. 1675-6 



vice Gauden 



Sir Thomas Gold, 
Draper 

Knighted October 29, 1675; Master Drapers 1678-9. Died 1686; adm. April 



1678, Oct. 8 
(10) 



1679, Aug. 26 
(29) 



1679, Deo. 4 
(9) 



Sir William Eawsterne, Lime Street, 
Grocer 1678-84 



S. 1677-8 



. . vice Ford 



Knighted October 19, 1677; Master Grocers 1683-4. Died 1684; Will [P.C.C. 
62 Hare] cod. January 8 ; proved May 8, 1684. 



SiB John Peake, 
Mercer 



Billingsgate, 
1679-87, 
Bridge 
Without, 
1687-8 



S. 1676-7, 
M.. 1686-7 



vice Heme 



Knighted October 2, 1676 ; Colonel White Regiment 1681-8 ; Master Mercers 1686 ; 
President Christ's Hospital 1687-8. Died May, 1688; Will [P.C.C. 82 Exton] 
May 29 ; proved June 21, 1688. 



Aldgate, 
1679-85 



S. 1677-8 



vice 
Chiverton 



Sir Thomas Beckford, 
Clothworker 

Knighted October 19, 1677; Co. Co. Billingsgate (1675); Master Cloth- 
workers 1679. Died (buried August 17) 1685 ; Will [P.C.C. 117 Cann] August 10 ; 
proved October 1, 1685. 



108 



Chronological List of Aldbemen. 



1680,Peb.l2 Sir John Chapman, .. Tower, 1680-7, S. 1678-9, .. vice Robinson 
(17) Mercer 1688-9 M. 1688-9 

Knighted October 28, 1678; colonel White Regiment 1688-9; Master Mercers 
1678. Died March 17, 1689 ; Will [P.C.C. 60 Ent] Marcli 36, 1686 ; proved May 4, 1689. 



1680,April29 
(and sworn) 



1680, Sept. 28 
(and sworn) 



Sir Simon Lewis, . . Bassishaw, . . S. 1679-80 . . vice Davies 

Fishmonger 1680-7, 

1688-9 

Knighted October 20, 1679 ; Prime Warden Fishmongers 1682. Died November 
21, 1692 ; Will [P.C.C. 30 Coker] March 21, 1692 ; proved February 9, 1693. 



^Heury Cornish, .. is^iVintry, .. S. 1680-1 

Haberdasher 1680-3 

Master Haberdasliers 1680-2. Executed October 23, 1685. 



vice Chaplin 



1680, Dec. 14 (d)I8<*Thom:as Pilkinqton, Parringdon .. S, 1681-2, .. vice Hanson 
(16) Skinner Without, M. 1689-91 

1680-2, 
Vintry, 
1689-91 

Knighted April 10, 1689; Jl.p. London 1679-81, 1689-90 (contested London 1690); 
Auditor 1668-70, 1671-3, 1676-7, 1678-80 ; Deputy-Governor Irish Society 1671-2, 1675-6, 
" """ " Colonel White Regiment 1689-90 ; Court Assistants Levant Company 1657-S" 



1660-1, 1662-82; Master Skinners 1677, 1681, 
January 11, 1692. 



1682. Died December 1, 1691 ; adm. 



1681, Sept. 6 
(and sv?orn) 



1682, June 15 
(and sworn) 

1682, Dec. 14 
(and sworn) 



Sir Jonathan Raymond, Bishopsgate, . . S. 1679-80 
Brewer 1681-96 

Knighted October 20, 1679 ; M.P. Great Bedwin 1690-5 
1687-9, 1690-4 ; Master Brewere 1679-80. Died March, 1711. 



vice Sheldon 



Colonel Green Regiment 



Sir Richard Howe, 



(see June, 1668) . . . . . . vice Bludworth 



(D)is5Hon. Dudley North 
Mercer 



vice Pilkington 



Farringdon .. S. 1682-3 
Without, 
1682-4, 
1688-9 

Knighted February 11, 1683 ; M.P. Banbury 1685-7; Commissioner Customs 
1683-4, 1683-9 ; Lord Treasury 1684-5 ; Court Assistants Levant Company 1681-6 ; 
Master Mercers 1683. Died December 30, 1691 ; Will [P.C.C. 63 Fane] May 7, 1688 ; 
proved February 13, 1692. 



1682, Dec. 20 
(and sworn) 



1683,Sept.ll 
(and sworn) 



Peter Daniel, 
Haberdasher 



Bridge, 
1682-1700 



S. 1683-4 



vice Waterman 



Knighted April 13, 1684 ; Deputy Bridge (1675)-82 ; m.P. Southwark 1685-7; 
Governor Irish Society 1687-8 ; Colonel Blue Regiment 1687-9 ; Committee E.I.C. 
1683-6 ; Master Haberdashers 1683-4, 1689-90. Died May, 1700 ; Will [P.C.C. 70 Noel] 
March 6, 1699 ; proved May 18, 1700. 



Peter Rich, Saddler 



Aldersgate, 
1683-7, 
1688-92 



S. 1682-3 
[Elected S. 1677] 



vice Howe 



Knighted February 14, 1685 ; City Chamberlain 1 684-7, 1688-9, 1691 ; 
(Candidate 1690, 1691) ; M.P. Southwark 1679-81, 1689-90, London 1685-7 ; Shertffl 
Surrey 1681-2; Colonel Blue Regiment 1690-2; Master Saddlei-s 1678,1681. Died 
August 26, 1692 ; Will [P.C.C. 166 Fane] February 4 ; proved September 7, 1692. 



134. In the original edition of D.N.B. Cornish's Ward is erroneously stated to have 
been Bassishaw. The date of the reversal of his attainder, though given with great 
precision in both editions, is obviously inaccurate. To any one acquainted with the 
rudimentary dates of English history, the passing of an ' Act of Parliament ' in January, 
1688-9, must appear a singular phenomenon. 

134* The article in D.N.B. is accurate and adequate. 

135. The D.N.B. altogether ignores North's tenure of an Aldermanry. The date 
of the trials of Russell and Sidney is erroneously given. 



Chronological List op Aldermen. 109 



1683-1688. 

(During the suspension of the Charter.] 



+1, w^?'^®'^ ,^^'^'°S been given against the City in the proceedings consequent on 
irt , ^9?° Warranto in 1683, its Charter was forfeited, and on October 13 the King 
(onarles 11.) issued a new commission reappointing the Lord Mayor (Sir W. Prichard) 
and 17 of the existing Aldermen. Eight Aldermen were ejected and their places taljen 
by adherents of the Court. A full and singularly lucid and impartial account of the legal 
proceedings and of the events of the preceding three years which led to the hostile 
action on the part of the King is given in Dr. Sharpe's London and the Kingdom 
(Vol. II.,. pp. 472-504). 136 " 

The old Aldermen who were retained were : — 

Sib W. Tubner \ Sib H. Tulse Sir J. Chapman 

SibW.Hookeb I Ex-Lord Mayors Sib J. Smyth Sir S. Lewis 

Sib K. Vyneb \ ^^ ^°'^'» ^^y°''^ Sir E. Geffbry Sir J. Raymond 

biR J. Edwards ) Sir W. Rawsterne Sir D. North 

Sir J". MooBE Sir J. Peake P. Daniel 

Sir W. Pbiohabd (Lord Mayor) Sir T. Becliford P. Rich 

Of these the Lord Mayor (Prichard), Turner, Edwards, Tulse, Smyth, Geffery, 
Chapman, Lewis, Raymond, Daniel and Rich were sworn on October 16, Rawsterne 
and North on October 18, Hooker and Moore on October 23, Beckford on October 25, 
Peake on October 27 ; Vyner did not appear to take the oath till December 5, and never 
again attended a meeting of the Court of Aldermen, though he did not resign his seat 
until April, 1686. 

The superseded Aldermen were: — 

Sib T. Aldetn Sir R. Clayton 1 -e, t j tv/t Sir J. Shobteb 

Sib J. Pbedebick Sib P. Wabd J Ex-Lord Mayors Sir T. Gold 

Sib J. Lawbence H. Cornish 

The six last-named of these were prominently identified with the Whig party, 
of which Sir John Lawrence was the recognised leader in the Corporation ; Alleyn and 
Frederick, who had originally been Aldermen during the Commonwealth period, 
had in the earlier years of the reign generally been supporters of the Court' 
though they were at no time what would be called in modern political phraseology 
' Whole-Hoggers,' and had more recently shown a disposition to favour the Nonconformists 
and Whigs. The 18 Aldermen who retained their seats were all uncompromising Tories. 

The eight new Aldermen appointed to fill the places of those removed were : 

1683, Oct. 13 ^Samuel Dashwood, .. Cheap, .. S. 1683-4, .. vice Clayton 

(16) Vintner 1663-7, M. 1702-3 

Aldgate, 
1688-1705 

Knighted July 30, 1684; M.P.London 108.5-7, 1G90-5; Commissioner Excise 1689-96 ; 
Colonel Yellow Regiment 1702-5 ; President Bethlem anil Bridewell 1704-6 ; Committee 
B.I.C. 1684-6, 1690-5, 1698-1703 (Deputy-Governor 1700-2) ; Com-t Assistants Levant 
Company 1680-91; MastPr Vintners 1684. Died September 14, 1705; Will [P.O.C. 
239 Gee] May 3 ; proved December 3, 1705. 

136. At the risk of appearing to be guilty of an impertinence in venturing to praise 
the work of Dr. Sharpe in a field which he has made peculiarly his own, I cannot let pass 
this opportunity of bearing testimony to the genial excellence of his London and the 
Kingdom (3 Vols., Longmans, 1894) which is invaluable to the student of London civic 
annals in connexion with and as bearing on the concurrent events of our national 
history. 

w] Prom the period of the suspension of the Charter (1683-8) to the accession of 

t !■ Queen Victoria, I have indicated by the letters w ( = Whig) t ( = Tory) the 

political sympathies of the Aldermen where it has been possible to ascertain them. 

During those 150 years party politics played a considerable part in the history of the 

Corporation, whereas after the Reform Bill era they have been practically ignored. 



110 Chronological List of Aldermen. 



1683, Oct. 13 iSir Benjamin Newland, Vintry, 1683-7 vice Cornish 

(16) Grocer 

Knighted August 8, 1679 ; Co. Co. Tower 1682-8, Deputy Tower 1691 ; 
M.P. Southampton 1678-81, 1685-7, 1689-99. Died December, 1699 ; adm. December 13, 
1699. 

1688, Oct. 13 iJaooh Lucie . . . . Dowgate, 1683-5 vice Gold 

(16) Aldgate, 

1685-6 
Died November, 1688 ; Will [P.C.C. 44 Exton] September 21, 1686 ; proved December 12, 
1688. 

1688, Oct. 13 iPeter Paravioini, . . Queenhithe vice Lawrence 

(16) Merchant Taylor 1688-7 

Knighted June 19, 1687 ; Co. Co. Tower 1682-8; Committee E.I.C. 1694-6; 
Master Merchant Taj-lors 1685-6. Died January 29, 1697 ; Will [P.C.C. 61 Pyne] 
cod. January 28 ; proved March 1, 1697. 

1683, Oct. 18 <Sir Benjamin Bathurst Cripplegate, vice Shorter 

(18) 1688-6 

Knighted January 17, 1682 ; m.P. Beeralston 1685-7 ; Romney 1702-4 (Elected 
1685); Committee E.I.C. 1684-98 (DeiJuty-Governor 1686-8, 1695-6; Governor 1688-90). 
Died April 27, 1704 ; Will [P.C.C. 87 Ash] proved May 19, 1704. 

1683, Oct. 13 i!i35»Sir JohnBuekworth, Coleman Street vice Fredericls 

(18) Fishmonger 1683-6 

Knighted June 18, 1681; Commissioner Customs 1684-5, 1685-7; "Deputy-Governor 
Levant Company 1672-87 (Treasurer 1661-3 ; Court Assistants 1655-61, 1663-72). 
Died December, 1687; Will [P.C.C. 2 Exton] December 14, 1687 ; proved January 3, 
1688. 

1683, Oct. 18 <(d»)is6Chables Ddn- Broad Street, . . S. 1699-1700, vice Alleyn 
(18) COMBE, Goldsmith 1683-6, M. 1708-9 

Bridge, 
1700-11 

Knighted October 20, 1699 ; m.P. Hedon 1685-7 (Elected 1702) ; Tai-mouth (Isle 
ot Wight) 1690-5 ; Downton 1696-8, 1702-11 ; Ipswich 1701 ; contested London 1701 
[pis'], 1702 , Receiver-General Excise (deprived 1698) ; Colonel Green Regiment 1702-7 : 
Treasurer Honourable Artillery Company 1703-4. Died April 9, 1711 ; adm. May 13, 
1711. 

1683, Oct. 13 iBenjamin Thorowgood, Parringdon . . S. 1685-6 . . vice Ward 
(18) Mercer Within, 

1688-7, 
Lime Street, 
1688-94 

Knighted August 18, 1685 : Master Mercers 1684, 1693. Died March 20, 1694 ; adm. 
April 19, 1694. 



The subsequent appointments by Boyal Commission during the suspension of the 
Charter were : 

1684, Oct. 10 iSir William Gostlyn, .. Farringdon .. S. 1684-5 .. vice North 
(sworn) Mercer Without, 

1684-6, 
Oandlewick, 
1686-8 
Knighted September 26, 1684; Co. Co. Castle Baynard 1675-81 (Deputy 
1682)-84 ; Master Mercere 1685. Died (buried July 28) 1690 ; adm. November 14, 
1690. , 

135*. Buokworth belonged to the Tory or Court party; his son (Sherifi 1704) was 
at a later period one of the Whig leaders in the City. 

136. The D.N.B. article on Duncombe in the original issue has many omissions 
and some errors, which are supplied and corrected in the new edition. He appears 
not to have been, as stated in D.N.B. on the authority of Harl. MS. 7020, Receiver 
of the Customs under Charles II. and James II. ; that office, according to the 
contemporary issues of Chamberlayue's Anglice Notitia, was held by his partner, 
Biohard Kent. 



Chronological List of Aldeemen. 



Ill 



1684, Oct. 10 
(sworn) 



1685, Oct. 7 
(27) 



1686, Apr. 30 
(May 4) 



1686, Apr. 30 
(May 4) 



1686, Apr. 80 
(May 4) 



1686,Apr. 30 
(May 7) 



1687,Mar.l4 
(17) 



tSir Peter Vandeput, . . Lime Street, . . S. 1684-5 
Draper 1684-7 

Knighted September 26, 1684 ; Master Drapers 1687-8, 1689-90. 
Will [P.C.C. 102 Barrett] May 10, 1707 ; proved April 30, 1708. 



<Sir Thomas Kinsey, 
Vintner 



S. 1685-6 



vice Rawsterne 



Died April, 1708 ; 



vice Beokford 



Dowgate, 
1685-8, 
1688-97 

Knighted August 23, 1685 ; colonel Red Regiment 1688-9, 1690-4. Died January 
3, 1697 ; adm. Pebmary 13, 1697. 

iSir William Eussell, . . Langbourn vice Vyner 

Skinner 1686-7 

Knighted October 20, 1679 ; Co. Co. Bishopsgate (1675) ; M.P. St. Michaels 
1681 ; contested London 1695 ; Master Sliinners 1683. Died June 10, 1705 ; Will [P.C.C. 
148 Gee] cod. February 12 ; proved June 21, 1705. 

iJoseph Heme [admitted Broad Street, vice Buncombe 

to Mercers June 23, 1687] 1686-7 

Knighted September 15, 1690 ; M.P. Dartmouth 1689-99 ; Committee B.LC. 1678-86, 
1687-93, 1698-9 (Governor 1690-2). Died February 26, 1699 ; Will [P.C.C. 42 Pett] 
cod. August 28, 1695 ; proved March 1, 1699. 



<(d)13'Thomas Bawlin- 
SON, Vintner 



S. 1686-7, 
M. 1705-6 



vice Edv?ards 



Parringdon 

Without, 

1686-7, 

Castle 

Baynard, 

1696-1708 
Knighted August 6, 1686; Co. Co. Cripplegate Without (1679)-81; 
Farringdon Without 1682, 1688 (Deputy 1689)-(?) 1696 ; Colonel White 
Regiment 1705-7 ; President Betlilem and Bridewell 1705-8 ; Committee B.I.C. 1685-9, 
1690-2, 1693-8, 1700-7; Master Vintners 1687, 1696. Died November 11, 1708; Will 
[P.C.C. 44 Lane] cod. July 28, 1707 ; proved January 12. 1709. 



1686, Apr. 30 
(May 4) 



1686, Apr. 30 
(May 4) 



iThomas Powle, 
Goldsmith 



Cripplegate, . . 
1686-7, 
Vintry, 1687, 
1691-2 



S. 1686-7 



. . vice Bathurst 



Knighted September 26, 1686 ; Co. Co. Farringdon Without 1688-9 ; 
M.P. Devizes 1690 ; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1689-90. Died November 11, 1692 ; 
Will [P.C.C. 6 Colcer] July 30, 1691 ; proved January 4, 1693. 



wThomas Hartopp, 
Fishmonger 



Coleman Street vice Buckworth 

1686-7 



Court Assistants Levant Company 1675-83, 1684-90, 1691-7 ; Prime Warden Fishmongers 
1686 ; Will [P.C.C. 10 Pyne] December 26, 1696 ; proved January 29, 1697. 



iSir Matthias Vincent 



Aldgate, 1686-7 vice Lucie 



Knighted March 20, 1685 ; M.P. Lostwitliiel 1685-7 ; Treasurer Sons of Clergj- 1685-7. 
Died c May, 1687 ; Will [P.C.C. 86 Foot] May 10, 1687 ; proved March 31, 1688. 



iSir Thomas Griffiths . . Aldersgate, 
1687 
Knighted January 2, 1682. 



1687, June S9 Sir Gabriel Roberts 



. . vice Eich 



vice Heme 



1687, June 29 
(30) 



Broad Street 

1687 

Knighted January 14, 1678; Deputy-Governor Levant Company 1690-1715 (Com-t 
Assistants 1 663-8, 1669-76, 1680-90) ; Committee E.I.C. 1698-1701. Died March 14, 1715 ; 
Will [P.C.C. 57 Fagg] May 6, 1714; proved March 29, 1715. 

wjJoas Bateman . . . . Langbourn vice Eussell 

1687 
Died (buried April 18) 1704 ; Will [P.C.C. 100 Asli] August 1, 1699 ; proved May 3, 1704. 



137. The D.N.B. notice omits his tenure of the Aldermanry of Farringdon Without. 
His Colonelcy of the Trained Bands in 1690 was not, as would naturally be inferred from 
the text of the article, that of one of the six regular, but of one of the auxiliary regiments. 



112 Chronological List of Aldeemen. 

1687, June 29 loJolm JoUifie .. .. Coleman Street, vice Hartopp 

(July 12) 1687 

Died (buried September 21) 1694 ; adm. November 18, 1695. 

1687, July 1 Sir Jeremy Sambroke, . . Cripplegate, vice Newland 

(5) Haberdasher 1687 

Knighted January 81, 1682 ; F.E.S. April, 1681 ; [? Auditor 1662-4, 1655-7,1661-3, 
1665-6] ; Committee B.I.C. 1677-87; 1695-8 (Deputy-Governor 1683-4). Died April 27, 
1705 ; Will [P.C.C. 78 Gee] Marcli 5, 1704 ; proved April 28, 1705. 

1687, July 1 John Paige Aldersgate vice Griffiths 

(5) Merchant Taylor 1687 

Committee B.I.C. 1663-82, 1683-6. Died December, 1689 (buried January 3, 1690) ; Will 
[P.C.C. 181 Ent] April 5 ; proved December 30, 1689. 

1687, July 1 wEohert Bodington, .. Aldgate, 1687 vice Vincent 

(5) Haberdasher 

Court A&sistants Levant Company 1676-7, 1696-6 ; JIaster Haberdashers 1687-9. Died 
c August, 1701 ; Will [P.C.C. 107 Dyer] cod. July 27 ; proved August 20, 1701. 

1687, July 1 John Letteu .. .. Queenhitho vice Paravicini 

(19) 1687 

Died 1688 ; Will [P.C.C. 163 E.xton] IMarcli 13 ; proved Dec bor 24, 1688. 

1687, July 7 Richard Guy . . . . Broad Street, vice Heme 

(8) 1687 

Died Januaiy, 1703 ; Will [P.C.C. 7 Degg] Januaiy 10 ; proved Januaiy 15, 1703. 

1687, July 7 Bichard Hassell, Salter Aldgate, 1687 vice Bodington 

(8) 

Master Salters 1696-7. Will [P.C.C. 162 Pyne] September 10, 1696 ; proved August 31, 1697. 

1687, July 7 Daniel Mercer . . . . Aldersgate, vice Paige 

(19) 1687 

Will [P.C.C. 90 Pane] November 22, 1687 : proved May 12, 1692. 

1687, July 7 Anthony Groneu (or . . Jjanghourn, vice Bateman 

(21) Groning), Haberdasher 1687 

Died 1689 ; adm. December 11, 1689. 

1687, July 7 William de la Wood . . Cripplegate, vice Sambroke 

1687, 

Bassishaw, 
1687 
Will [P.C.C. 64 Bond] Febniarj' 1, 1696 ; proved April 24, 1696. 

1687, July 21 John Lee, .. .. Aldersgate vice Mercer 

(22) Merchant Taylor 1687 

Died 1704 ; Will [P.C.C. 174 Ash] July 11 ; proved August 26, 1704. 

1687, July 21 is7»E,alph Ingram, .. Queenhithe vice Letten 

(26) Merchant Taylor 1687 

Will [P.OiC. 34 Bond] July 23, 1695 ; proved Marcli 28, 1696. 

1687, July 21 William Mart, Fiwiner. . Aldgate, 1687 vice Hassell 

(26) 

Co. Co. Parringdon Without, 1681-2. 

1687, July 29 wSamuel Thomson .. Queenhithe, .. S. 1688 .. vice Ingram 

(Aug. 2) 1687-8 

Knighted 1688 ; sheriff Beds. 1693 ; Committee B.I.C. 1679-80, 1681-2. Died (burled 
January 10) 1712. 

1687, July 29 toThomas Frederick ,. Aldgate, 1687 vice Mart 

(Aug. 2) 

Committee E.LC. 1687-8, 1689-91, 1697-1703 (Deputj'-Govenior 1698-1700). Died May or June, 
1720 ; Will [P.C.C. 136 Shaller] May 20, 1718 ; proved June 3, 1720. 

187* Not July 22 as in Vol. I., p. 194. 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 113 

1687, July 29 William Ivatt, Mercer . . Langbourn, vice Gronen 

(Aug. 2) 1687 

Co. Co. Vintry (1682), 1689-96; Master Mercei-s 1687. 

1687, July 29 wJohn Bawdon . . . . Aldersgate vice Lee 

(Aug. 2) 1687-8 

Knighted October 29, 1687 ; will [P.C.C. l Ent] June 30, 1688 ; proved January 8, 
1689. 

1687, Aug. 6 wSiR John Shorteb, . . (see 1676) vice Sambroke 

(10) Goldsmith 
[with former 
precedence] 



1687, Aug. 6 iJoHN Pahsons . . .. Castle Baynard, 


S. 1687-8, vice Turnerf 


(10) (admitted to Brewers 1687, 


M. 1703-4 


Oct. 16, 1688, translated Portsoken, 


[Elected S. 1677] 


to Fishmongers Oct. 19, 1687-8, 




1703) Bassishaw, 




1689-1717 





Knighted August 15, 1687 ; m.P. Reigate 1686-7, 1689, 1690-8, 1701-17 ; contested London 
1701,1705; Commissioner Victualling Navy 1683-88 ; Colonel Red Regiment 1710-4; 
Master Brewere 1689-90 ; Prime Warden Pislimongers 1706-8. Died January 26, 
1717 ; Will [P.C.C. 42 Whitfield] February 14, 1716 ; proved February 7, 1717. 

1687, Aug. 6 John IVIawson . . , , Parringdon vice 

(10^ Within, Thorowgoodf 

1687-8 
(?) Died 1705 ; adm. June 23, 1705. 

1687, Aug. 6 <Sir Basil Pirebrace . . Billingsgate, . . S. 1687-8 . . vice Priohardf 
(16) (admitted to Vintners 1687-8 

Oct. 16,1688) 

Knighted August 2, 1687 ; created Baronet July, 1698 ; m.P. Clilppenliam 
1690-2 (contested 1694) ; Committee E.I.C. 1694-5 ; Colonel Orange Regiment 1687-8. 
Died May 7, 1724. 

1687, Aug. 6 w(d')138Hdmphbey .. Tower, 1687-8, S. 1688-9, .. vice Chapmanf 

(Oct. 11) Edwin, Barber- 1689-1707, M. 1697-8 

Surgeon, translated to Cheap, 

Skinners June 16, 1688-9 
1690 

Knighted November 18, 1687 ; Co. Co. Bishopsgate (1679) ; Contested 
Chippenham 1690 ; Commissioner Excise 1689-91 ; Committee B.I.O. 1682-3 ; Master 
Barber-Surgeons 1688 ; Skinners 1691. Died December 14, 1707 ; adm. February 19, 
1708. 

t At this time the King (James II.) ejected those Tory Aldermen whose strong 
attachment to the Established Church prevented them from acquiescing in his policy of 
suspending the Test and Corporation Acts. Their places were filled by supporters of 
that policy, most of whom were Whigs and Dissenters. On August 2 six Aldermen 
(Sir W. Turner, Sir W. Prichard, Sir J. Chapman, Sir S. Lewis, Sir S. Dashwood and 
Sir B. Thorowgood) were displaced : on August 4 two more (Sir J. IVEoore and Sir J. Smyth) 
and on August 6 another pair (Sir H. Tulse and Sir B. Geffery) making ten in all. 

138. The writer of the original article in D.N.B. copied a mistake of Luttrell, 
who wrongly makes Edwin one of the Nonconformist Aldermen ejected from the 
Colonelcies of the Trained Bands in 1690. The Court Books of the Commission of 
Lieutenancy show that Edwin's name has been accidentally substituted by Luttrell 
for that of Sir T. Lane. In the revised version of the D.N.B. an attempt at correction 
has resulted in hopeless confusion, the Editor failing to realise the point that Edwin 
never served as a Colonel of the Trained Bands. The writer of the article adds a blunder 
of his own to Luttrell's, in saying that five other Colonels were ejected, only five in all 
having been removed. Sir T. Stampe retaining .his place. Though Edwin was, as stated 
in D.N.B., gazetted Sheriff of Glamorganshire in January, 1689, he did not serve that 
office, his successor being appointed a week later ; this fact D.N.B has omitted to notice. 



114 Chronological List of Aldermen. 

1687, Aug. 6 M)(D)"0William Kiffin (or Cheap, 1687-8 vice Dash woodf 

(Oct. 27) Kyffin), Leatherseller 

M.P. Middlesex 1666-8 ; Master Leathersellei-s 1671-2. Died December 29, 1701. 

1687, Aug. 12 w"" William AsHHUBST, Bread Street, . . S. 1691-2, . . vice Tulsef 
(16) Merchant Taylor 1687-8, M. 1693-4 

Billingsgate, 
1688-1720 
Knighted October 29, 1687""; Co. Co. Bread Street (1679)-83 ; M.P. London 
1689-90, 1695-1702, 1705-10 (contested 1690, 1693, 1702, 1710); Commissioner E.xcisc 
1698-9, 1714-20; Auditor 1682-4; President Honourable Artillery Company 1708-20 
(Vice-President 1689-1703); President Christ's Hospital 1688 ; Colonel Yellow Regiment 
1689-90 ; White Regiment 1694-1702, 1707-10, 1714-20 ; Director Bank of England 
1697-1700, 1701-3, 1704-6, 1707-9, 1711-4; Master Merchant Taylors 1687-8. Died 
January 12, 1720 ; Will [P.C.C. 22 Shaller] March 29, 1712 ; proved Pebruaiy 18, 1720. 

1687, Aug. 12 Richard Hawkins .. Portsoken, vice Smythf 

(16) 1687, 

Castle Bay- 
nard, 1687 
Knighted August 15, 1687 ; Co. Co. Parringdon Without, 1681-3 ; 
Auditor 1682-4. Died October, 1687; Will [P.C.C. 138 Foot] August 4; proved 
November 12, 1687. 

1687, Aug. 12 lyjohn (Jardner, Skinner Cordwainer vice Gefferyf 

(16) 1687-8 

Master Skinners 1678. Died April 1, 1690 ; Will [P.C.C. 58 Dyke] cod. March 14 ; proved 
April 14, 1690. 

1687, Aug. 12 wSiK John Eyles, .. Broad Street, . . M. 1688 .. vice Guy 

(16) Haberdasher 1687-8 

Knighted August 15, 1687; M.P. Devizes 1679 (contested 1681, 1689). Died (buried 
July 6) 1703 ; Will [P.C.C. 109 Degg] June 4, 1702 ; iwoved July 15, 1703. 

1687, Aug. 12 Edward Underhill, Grocer Bassishaw, vice Lewisf 

(16) 1687-8 

Master Grocers 1687-8. Died 1701 ; adm. August 5, 1701. 

1687, Aug. 12 John Berry .. .. Langbourn vice Ivatt 

(16) 1687-8 

1687, Aug. 12 iJames Paule . . . . Walbrook, vice Mooref 

(Sept. 6) 1687 

Co. Co. CornhiU 1682-3 ; sheriff Berks 1689 ; Treasurer Sons of Clergy 1678-9 ; 
Will [P.C.C. 85 Coker] June 28, 1692 ; proved May 2, 1693. 

1687, A-ug. 12 iThomas Rodbard, .. Aldgate, 1687-8 [Elected S. 1707] vice Frederick 
(Oct. 10) Fishmonger 

Prime Warden Fishmongers 1692. Died 1713 ; Will [P.C.C. 169 Leeds] July 8, 1712 ; 
proved July 6, 1713. 

1687, Oct. 11 li)!^"* Gregory Page . . Parringdon vice Rawlinson 

(sworn) Without, 

1687-8 
Died November, 1693 ; Will [P.C.C. 61 Box] October 27, 1693 ; proved March 20, 1694. 

139. The article in D.N.B. does not give the reason (viz., the restoration of the 
Charter) for Kiffin's vacation of his post as Alderman ; it is incorrect in the name of 
his immediate successor and in the date of Edwin's election. The name of the Lord 
Mayor who heard the charge of heretical preaching brought against him in 1655 is 
wrongly given in the old edition, but corrected in the new issue. The article states that 
Kiffin was apprenticed to the celebrated John Lilburne, then a brewer, in 1629, and left 
him in 1631, whereas Lilburne, who in 1638 describes himself as then in his 22nd year, 
according to the D.N.B. itself was apprenticed to a cloth merchant till 1636. The D.N.B. 
reckons the period between August and October, 1687 (the dates of his appointment as 
Alderman and his taking the oaths), as four months. 

140. In the D.N.B. article on his father (H. Ashhurst) in which Sir William is 
referred to, his knighthood is misdated. 

140.* At pp. 304, 305, 319, 320 of Vol. I. I have erroneously referred to ex-Alderman 
G. Page as M.P. for Shoreham in three of the four parliaments between 1708 and 1722. 
I had confounded him with his son (created a Baronet by George I.) : the Alderman never 
sat in Parliament. 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 



115 



1687, Oct. 11 wBobert Bristow, Grocer Walbrook, vice Pauls 

(sworn) 1687-8 

Master Grocers 1692-3. Died November, 1707; Will [P.C.C. 275 Foley] coa. Aprils; 
proved November 29, 1707. 



1687, Oct. 18 
(sworn) 



1687, Oct. 25 
(sworn) 



iJames St. Amaud .. Castle Baynard, 

1687-8 
M.P. St. Ives 1685-7, contesti'il Steyning 1710. Died October 4, 1728 
Brook] September 37 ; adm. December 23, 1728. 



vice Hawkins 
Will [P.C.C. 364 



wChristopher Lethuillier, Coleman Street, S. 1689-90 .. vice Jolliffe 
Dyer 1687-8, 

1688-90 

Knighted October 29, 1689 ; Co. Co. Dowgate (1681) ; Com-t Assistants 
Levant Company 1686-7, 1689-91. Died August, 1690; Will [P.C.C. 126 Dyke] 
September 5, 1689 ; proved August 26, 1690. 



1687, Nov. 
(sworn) 



8 roCharles Chamberlain . 



Lime Street 

1687-8 
Director Bank of England 1697-8, 1703-6. Died January 29, 1705 ; 
Febraaiy 18, 1704 ; proved Pebraaiy 6, 1705. 



1687, Nov. 15 
(sworn) 



M) William Jolliffe 



Vintry, 1687-8 



. . vice Vandeput 
Will [P.C.C. 25 Gee] 
. . vice Fowle 



M.P. Poole 1698-1705 ; Court Assistants Levant Company 1698-9, 1700-2 ; Director New 
E.I.C. 1700-1. Died (bm-ied Januai-y 19) 1712 ; adm. May 13, 1713. 

At the close of the period of the suspension of the Charter the existing Aldermen 
were : 



Sir W. Hookeb (ex-Lord lilayor) 

Sir J. Raymond 

Sir P. Daniel 

Sir W. Gostlyu 

Sir T. Kinsey 

Sir S. Thomson 

Sir J. Bawdou 

Sib J. Paksons 



J. Mawson 

Sir B. Firebrace 

Sir H. Edwin 

W. Kiffin 

Sib W. Ashhubst 

J. Gardner 

Sir J. Eyles (Lord Mayor) 

E. Underbill 



J. Berry 
T. Kodbard 
G. Page 
R. Bristow 
J. St. Amand 
C. Lethuillier 
G. Chamberlain 
W. Jolliffe 



two vacancies caused by the deaths of Sir J. Peake and Sir J. Shorter being unfilled. 
The three first-named (Sirs W. Hooker, J. Raymond and P. Daniel) had retained their 
seats throughout the period, having been Aldermen before the judgment on the Writ of 
Quo Warranto. 

On October 3, 1688, the Charter was restored, and all the survivors of those who were 
acting as Aldermen at the time of its forfeiture (October, 1683), were reinstated 
automatically with their original precedence, the existing Aldermen being displaced 
(except the three who were in office in 1683), and their elections treated as illegal, those 
of them who were again elected (either at once or after an interval) reckoning their 
seniority from the date of such fresh election. Eight of the Aldermen of 1683 had died 
in the interim, viz: Sir J. Frederick, Sir R. Vyner, Sir J. Shorter, Sir T. Gold, Sir W. 
Rawsterne, Sir J. Peake, Sir T. Beckford, H. Cornish. The eighteen Aldermen who 
were thus restored to office with their former precedence were : — 



wSiB. T. Alleyn 
m;Sir J. Lawrence 

iSiB W. Tdrneb 
*tSm W. Hookeb 

iSiB J. Edwards 
toSib R. Clayton 



M)SlB P. Wabd 
tSlR J. MOOBB 

iSiB W. Pbichard 
tSiB. H. Tdlse 
iSiR J. Smyth 
tSiB, B, Gepfery 



iSiB J. Chapman 

iSir S. Lewis 
*iSir J. Raymond 

iSir D. North 
•iSir P. Daniel 

«Sir P. Rich 



•Those marked thus had not been removed, but had sat continuously since their 
original elections. 

Of these. Turner, Edwards and Clayton at first declined to serve again, though both 
Turner and Clayton at a later date resumed their seats. In filling up the eleven vacancies, 
the Wards elected five of the Aldermen whom the restoration of the Charter had 
displaced (Sir T. Kinsey, Sir W. Ashhurst, C. Lethuillier, Sir W. Gostlyn and Sir H. 
Edwin), and two who had served during a portion of the period of suspension (Sir S. 
Dashwood and Sir B. Thorowgood). Four other of the interim Aldermen (Sir J. Parsons, 
Sir T. Fowle, Sir T. Bawlinson and Sir C. Duncombe) returned to the Court of Aldermen 
later, as will be seen below. 



116 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 



The eight Aldermen elected in place of those who had died since their supersession 
in 1683 were :— 

1688, Oct. 9 iSiB Samuel Dashwood, (see Oct., 1683) vice Beokford 

(10) Vmtner 

1688, Oct. 9 «Sir Thomas Kinsey, . . (see Oct., 1685) vice Gold 

(10) Vintnei- 

1688, Oct. 9 wSibWilliamAshhuest, (see Aug., 1687) vice Peake 

(10) Merchant Taylor 

1638, Oct. 9 wOhristopherLethuillier, (see Oct., 1687) vice Frederick 

(10) Dyer 

1688, Oct. 9 loSiB Thomas Stampe, Cripplegate, . . S. 1676-7, . . vice Shorter 

(11) Draper 1688-1711 M. 1691-2 

Knighted October 31, 1676; Co. Co. Bassishaw (1675, 1681); contested 
Reading 1698, London 1701 ; Colonel Yellow Regiment 1688-9, 1690-1702 ; Green 
Regiment 1689-90 ; Master Drapers 1679-80, 1692-3. Died July 25, 1711. 

1688, Oct. 9 i(D*)i"JoHN Fleet, . . Langbourn, . . S. 1688-9, . . vice Vyner 
(11) Cooper, translated to 1688-1712 M. 1692-3 

Grocers Oct. 18, 1692 

Knighted October 11, 1688; M.P.London 1693-1700, 1701, 1702-6 (contested 1701 [!»is], 
1705) ; Colonel Red Regiment 1702-7 (elected Colonel Blue Regiment 1696) ; President 
Honourable Artillei-y Company 1704-8 (Vice-President 1703-4) ; President St. 
Bartholomew's Hospital 1705-12 ; Committee E.LC. 1692-1710, 1711-2 (Governor 1694-6, 
1698-1700, 1702-4, 1706-8) ; Master Coopers 1689, Grocers 1693-6. Died July 7, 1712; 
Will [P.C.C. 133 Barnes] July 3 ; proved July 15, 1712. 

1688, Oct. 9 tSir Benjamin Thorow- (see Oct., 1683) vice Bawsterne 

(16) good, Mercer 

1688, Oct. 9 wSir Henry Ashhurst, . . Vintry, 1688-9 vice Cornish 

Bart. , Merchant Taylor 

Created Baronet July, 1688 ; m.P. Truro 1681, 1689-95, Wilton 1698-1700, 1701-2 ; 
Commissioner Excise 1689-91 ; Commissioner Hackney Coaches 1688-95. Died April 
13, 1711; Will [P.C.C. 97 Young] December 9, 1710; proved May 11, 1711. 

From this date the succession has continued as follows ; — 

1688, Oct. 18 tSir William Gostlyn, . . (see Oct., 1684) vice Turner 

(23) Mercer 

1688, Oct, 19 M)SiR Thomas Lane, . . Candlewiok, . . S. 1692-3, . . vice Edwards 
(and sworn) Clothworker 1688-1709 M. 1694-5 

Knighted July 30, 1688 ; Colonel Red Regiment 1689-90. 1694-1702 ; Master Cloth- 
workei-s 1689. Died March 24, 1709 ; Will [P.C.C. 79 Lane] March 20 ; proved April 
29, 1709. 

1688, Oct, 25 luSiB HnMPHBBY Edwin, (see Aug., 1687) vice Clayton 

(and sworn) Barber-Surgeon 

1689, Feb. 26 wThomas Pilkington, (see Dec, 1680) vice Cornish 

(Mar. 1) Skinner 

[with pre- 
cedence of 
1680] 

1689, May 7 tSm John Parsons, . . (see Aug., 1687) vice Lewis 

(and sworn) Brewer 



141. In the original D.N.B. article. Fleet's election as Shcrifi is wrongly made to 
precede that as Alderman, and only one (not the first) of his eight elections to the chair 
of the East India Company is recorded. Although he was eight times a parliamentary 
candidate for the City the D.N.B. gives no indication of his politics. His Colonelcy of a 
Regiment of Trained Bands, Presidency of the Honourable Artillery Company and 
Mastership of two Livery Companies are all ignored. 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 



117 



1689, Sept. 17 
(and sworn) 



li;(p)"2JoHN HOUBLON, 

Orocer 



Oornhill, . . S. 1689-90, . . vice Hooker 
1689-1712 M. 1695-6 

Knighted October 29, 1689; Co. Co. Broad Street 1688-9; contested London 
1701 ; Lord Admiraltyi 1694-9 ; Commissioner Victualling Navy 1702 : Auditor 
1688-9 ; Director Bank of England 1694-9, 1700-12 (Governor 1694-7) ; Director New 
E.I.C. 1700-1; Court Assistants Levant Company 1691-6; Master Grocers 1690-1. 
Died January 10, 1712 ; Will [P.C.C. 31 Barnes] cod. November 10, 1711 ; proved 
February 1, 1713. 

1"89, Oct. 1 joEdward Clarke, .. Bread Street, S. 1690-1, .. vice Tulse 
(and sworn) Merchant Taylor 1689-1703 M. 1696-7 

Knighted October 29, 1689 ; Co. Co. Farringdou Within (1675). [Deputy 
1682-3, 1688, 1689] ; elected Director Bank of England 1694 ; Master Merchant 
Taylors 1690-1. Died September 1, 1703 ; Will [P.C.C. 151 Degg] August 4, 1701 ; 
proved September 13, 1703. 

1G89, Oct. 1 w(D)i''SThomas Papillon, Portsoken, .. [Elected s 1673] vice Smyth 
(15) Mercer 1689 

M.P. Dover 1674-81, 1689-95, London 1695-1700 ; Commissioner Tictualling Navy 1689-99 ; 
Auditor 1672-4, 1675-7, 1680-2 ; Committee E.LC. 1663-71, 1676-6, 1677-83 (Deputy- 
Governor 1680-2) ; Master Mercers 1673, 1682, 1692, 1698. Died May 5, 1702 ; Will 
[P.C.C. 101 Heme] Jime 30, 1701 ; proved June 3, 1702. 



1689, Oct. 15 KiSiB Thomas Aldeyn, 
(22) Bart., Grocer 



(see Feb., 1653) (re-elected) 



1689, Oct. 
or Nov. 
(on or before 
Nov. 12) 

1689, Oct. 22 
(and sworn) 



mSih Robert Clayton, 
Draper 



(see June, 1670) 



mi(d*)i^''Francis Child 
Qoldsmith 



S. 1690-1, 
M. 1698-9 



vice Chapman 



vice North 



1690, Jan. 13 
(Feb. 11) 



1690, May 



Farringdon 
Without, 
1689-1713 

Knighted October 29, 1689 ; Co. Co. Farringdon Without 1681-3, 1688-9; 
M.P. London 1702-5 (contested 1701, 1708), Devizes 1608-1702, 1706-8, 1710-13 
(Elected 1702, contested 1695); President Cbrist's Hospital 1702-13; Elected a 
Colonel London Militia 1694 ; Colonel Orange Regiment 1702-7, 1710-3 ; Committee 
E.LC. 1699-1701, 1711-2; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1690-1. Died October 4, 1713; 
Will [P.C.C. 269 Leeds] cod. September 10 ; proved December 2, 1713. 

2«(D)i^John WUdman, Portsoken vice Papillon 

Skinner 1690-3 

Knighted October 29, 1692 ; M.P. Scarborough 1654-5, Great Bedwln 1681, 1689-90 ; 
Postmaster General 1689-91. Died June 2, 1693. 



tSiB, William Turner, 
Merchant Taylor 



(see Cct., 1660) vice Gostlyn 



142. The D.N.B. article gives a meagre and uninforming account of Houblon's 
being ' chosen by the House of Lords one of the Commissioners of the Accounts ' in 
1704, omitting the most important point. The Commons, in which there was then a Tory 
majority, named certain Commissioners, and the House of Lords, in which the Whigs 
were then predominant, struck out one of the names and inserted that of Houblon as 
well as those of two additional Commissioners (both Whigs), Sir W. Scawen and F. 
Eyles, the latter of whom was afterwards an Alderman of London. The Commons took 
exception to this as infringing their privileges with regard to IVTouey Bills ; the Lords 
adhered to their amendment and the Bill consequently dropped. The case, which is fully 
recorded by Luttrell (the authority quoted in D.N.B.}, is interesting as showing that 
amendments to money bills by the House of Lords have not been confined to periods 
when the Tories dominated it. 

143. The D.N.B. is wrong in stating that Papillon 'terminated his connection with 
the old [East India] Company in 1682 ' ; he served on its Committee for the year 1682-3. 
It is only technically accurate to say that he was returned for Dover in 1672-3 ; there 
was a double return then, and he did not get the seat till the following year. 

144. Child was a Whig when elected Alderman, but afterwards joined the Tories. 
The D.N.B. article records his election as Colonel of one of the regiments of Trained 
Bands in 1694, but omits the fact that he then declined to serve. 

145. The article on Wildman in D.N.B. gives neither his Ward nor his date of 
election as Alderman ; it also omits his return for Great Bedwin in 1681 and wrongly 
gives Wootton Bassett as his constituency in 1689, confounding him with his son. 



118 



Oheonological List of Aldermen. 



1690,Sept.25 
(and sworn) 



1690, Oct. 7 
(9) 



1691, Deo. 15 

(17) 

1692, Feb. 11 

(23) 



1692,Sept.20 
(27) 



1692, Dec. 5 
(13) 



^l«*JJ,ioHARD LKVBTT; 

Haberdasher 



Bridge .. S. lfi91-2, .. vice AUeyn 

Without, M. 1699-1700 

1690-1711 

Knighted October 22, 1691; Co. Co. Cripplegate Within, 1689-90; 
contested London 1701; Director Bank of England 1698-1700; Committee B.LC. 
1701-5, 1706-7, 1708-9; Master Haberdasliers 1690-2. Died January 20, 1711; Will 
[P.C.C. 31 Young] cod. December 12, 1710 ; proved February 13, 1711. 

(William Gobe, Mercer Coleman Street, S. 1698-9, . . vice LethuiUier 
1690-1708 M. 1701-2 

Knighted October 29, 1692; Director Bank of England 1694-7, 1698-9, 1701-6; 
Committee E.I.C. 1693-6, 1698-1703 ; Master Mercers 1 695, 1697. Died January 19, 1708 ; 
Will [P.C.C. 37 Barrett] October 26, 1707 ; proved February 3, 1708. 

iSir Thomas Fowle, 
Ooldsmith 



i"nSir Thomas Cooke, 
Ooldsmith 



(see April, 1686) vice Pilkington 



vice Lawrence 



Queenhithe, .. S. 1692-3 
1692-1709 [Elected M. 1704] 

Knighted September 15, 1690 ; m.P. Colchester 1694-5, 1698-1705 (contested 1695, 
1705 [Ms]) ; contested Truro 1681, Soutliwark 1690 ; Colonel Blue Regiment 1702-7 ; 
Vice-President Honourable Artillery Company 1704-7; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 
1691-2 ; Committee E.LC. 1683-95, 1698-1709 (Deputy-Governor 1690-2, 1694-5, Governor 
1692-4, 1700-2, 1704-6, 1708-9). Died September 6, 1709; Will [P.C.C. 240 Lane] 
September 6 ; proved November 4, 1709. 

jo(D)"'Jame3 Houblon, Aldersgate, vice Rich 

Dyer 1692-1700 

Knighted October 29, 1692; Co. Co. Broad Street 1675-83, 1688-90, 
1691-2; M.P. London 1698-1700; Director Bank of England 1694-1700; Court 
AssistantsLevantCompany 1684-6, 1692-3. Died October 2.5, 1700; Will [P.C.C. 160 
Noel] Mav 30, 1695 ; proved November 6, 1700. 



m)(d*)i*8Thomas AbNEY; 
Fishmonger 



S. 1693-4, 
M. 1700-1 



vice Fowl? 



Vintry, 
1692-1716, 
Bridge 
Without, 
1716-22 

Knighted November 2, 1698 ; Co. Co. Cornhill 1689-90 ; M.P. London 1701-2 
(contested 1702) ; Colonel Green Regiment 1701-2 ; President St. Thomas' Hospital 
1707-22 ; Director Bank of England 1694-1700, 1703-5, 1706-9, 1710-4, 1715-S, 1719-22 ; 
Prime Warden Fishmongers 1704-6. Died February 6, 1722; Will [P.C.C. 46 
Marlborough] April 10, 1711 ; proved March 21, 1722. 



1693, Mar. 28 
(April 6) 



1693, July 4 
(and sworn) 



Castle Baynard, vice Turner 

1693-6 



tThomas Darwin, 
Merchant Taylor 

Co. Co. Castle Baynard 1689-94 ; Master Merchant Taylors 1693-4. Died 1711 ; 
Will [P.C.C. 164 Young] August 13, 1708 ; proved August 17, 1711. 

i(D)i«Sir William .. Portsoken, .. S. 1693-4 . . vice Wildman 

Hedges, Mercer 1693-1701 

Knighted March 6, 1688 ; Co. Co. Bassishaw 1680 ; Colonel Green Regiment 
1694-1701; Committee E.LC. 1681-2 ; Governor Bengall682-4 ; Court Assistants Levant 
Company 1675-9, 1681-2, 1688-9, 1694-9 ; Director Bank of England 1694-1700 ; Master 
Mercers 1688, 1700. Died August 6, 1701 ; Will [P.C.C. 113 Dyer] cod. August 5 ; 
proved August 20, 1701. 

145.* Levett, though supported by the Tories at the City Election of November, 1701 
(as stated in Vol. I., page 278), generally voted with the Whigs both before and after that 
date. 

146. The name of Sir T. Cooke, which is conspicuous by its absence from the 
D.N.B., ought certainly to have been included. It is familiar to readers of Macaulay as 
that of the champion of the East India Company, temp. William III. 

147. The D.N.B. gives two different dates for his death — the (' 1701 ') presumably 
a misprint. 

148. The suggestion in D.N.B. that Abney owed his knighthood, which was con- 
ferred several months before the Bank of England came into existence, to his connexion 
with that institution, is quite without foundation. Every Sherifi of London in William 
III.'s reign who was not already a knight, received knighthood soon after assuming 
office ; accordingly Abney's knighthood was conferred in the ordinary course. 

149. The interval between Hedges' elections as Sheriff and Alderman was 10 days, 
not ' a month ' as stated in D.N.B. 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 



119 



1694, Apr. 17 
(25) 



1696, Aug. 11 
(Sept. 1) 



iJoseph Smart, . . 
Merchant Taylor 



Lime Street, 
1694-1703 



S. 1698-9 



vice Thorowgood 



Knighted April 30, 1696 ; Co. Co. Langbourn 1682-3 ; Sheriff Essex 1684-5; 
Master Mercliant Taj'lors 1694-5, Died Febraary 23, 1703; Will [P.O.C. 236 Degg] 
June 19, 1702 ; proved December 20, 1703. 



tJohn Johnson, Draper 



Parringdon 
Within, 
1696-8 



vice Ward 



Knighted October 9, 1696; Co. Co. .Farringdon Within 1681-96: 
Committee E.I.G. 1698; Master Drapers 1697-8. Died October 5, 1698; Will [P.C.C. 
216 Lort] October 3 ; proved October 15, 1698. 

1696, Oct. 6 ioSieOwenBdokinqham, Bishopsgate, .. S. 1695-6, .. vice Raymond 
(8) Salttr 1696-1718 M. 1704-5 

Knighted October 14, 1695; Co. Co. Bread Street 1689-90, 1691-6; 
M.P. Reading 1693-1701, 1702-8 (contested 1701) ; Colonel Blue Regiment 1697-1702, 
Orange Regiment 1707-10 ; Vice-President Honourable Artillery Company 1708-11. 
Died March 20, 1713 ; Will [P.C.C. 75 Leeds] January 30, 1712 ; proved April 7, 1713. 



1696, Deo. 1 <Sib Thomas . . 

(3) Rawlihson, Vintner 



(see 1686) 



vice Darwin 



1697, Jan. 26 tSm Robert . . . . Dowgate, . . S. 1702-3, 
(28) Bedingfeld,i«> 1697-1711 M. 1706-7 

Merchant Taylor 



vice Kinsey 



Knighted November 18, 1697 ; Co. Co. Castle Baynard 1681-97 ; M.P. Hedon 
1701 ; Master Merchant Taylors 1 697-8 ; Colonel Blue Regiment 1710-1. Died- May 2, 
1711 ; Will [P.C.C. 143 Young] November 18, 1708 ; proved July 5, 1711. 



1698, Oct. 20 iWiLLiAM Withers, 
(25) - - 



Parringdon 
Within, 
1698-1721 



S. 
M. 



1701-2, 
1707-8 



vice Johnson 



Knighted October 20, 1699 ; Co. Co. Cheap (1675)-80, 1681 : (Deputy 
1689)-98 ; M.P. London 1701, 1707-15 (contested 1705, 1715) ; Director New E.I.C. 
1698-1700, United E.I.C. 1709-10; Sub-Governor African Company 1707; Governor 
Irish Society 1706-21; Colonel Yellow Regiment 1705-7, 1710-4; President Bethlem 
and Bridewell 1708-21 ; Prime Warden Fishmongers 1700-2. Died January 31, 1721 ; 
Win [P.C.C. 39 Buckingham] Februaiy 19, 1719 ; proved February 16, 1721. 



1700, June 4 
(and sworn) 



iSiB Charles . . 
DoHCOMEE, Goldsmith 



(see 1683) 



vice Daniel 



1700, Nov. 14 
(19) 



1701, Sept. 11 
(and sworn) 



iPeter Ployer, Goldsmith 



Aldersgate, 
1700-2 



S. 1701-2 



vice Sir James 
Houblon 



Knighted June 29, 1701 ; Co. Co. Aldersgate 1688 (Deputy 1689)-1700 ; 
Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1701-2. Died January 31, 1702 ; Will [P.C.C. 20 Heme] 
cod. December 13, 1701 ; proved Febraary 17, 1702. 



i^^'iSiB Jeffrey 
jEFFBBrs, Grocer 



Portsoken, 
1701-9 



S. 1699-1700 . . vice Hedges 



Knighted October 20, 1699 ; Co. Co. Aldgate 1700-1 ; m.P. Brecon 1690-8, 
1701-9 (contested 1698) ; Master Grocere 1699-1700,1700-1 ; Vice-President Honourable 
Artillery Company 1707-8 ; elected a Colonel London Militia 1707. Died October 25, 
1709 ; Will [P.C.C. 247 Lane] August 9, 1705 ; proved November 17, 1709. 



150. The spelling ' Bedingfeld ' is in accordance with the Alderman's autograph. It 
usually appears in print as 'Beding/ield.' 

150.* This is the correct orthography: ' Jefferies,' the form adopted in Vol. I., pp. 185, 
303, 304, 340, is that given in Chamberlayne's Anglice Notitia and contemporary 
newspapers. 



120 



Cheonological List op Aldeemen. 



1702, Mar. 3 
(and sworn) 



i{D)i*iSiB Samuel 
Garbard, Bart., 
Grocer 



Aldersgate, 
1702-22, 
Bridge 
Without, 
1722-5 



S. 1702-3, 
M. 1709-10 



vice Floyer 



Succeeded to Baronetcy January 13, 1701 ; M.P. Agtnondesham 1701, 1702-10; 
Colonel White Eegiment 1710-4; President Bethlem and Bridewell 1721-6; Master 
Grocers 1701-2. Died March 10, 1725 ; Will [P.C.C. 86 Romney] December20, 1723 ; 
proved April ], 1725. 



1702, June 30 
(July 7) 



a;(D)l°2Gii,BEBT . . 

Heathcote, Vintner 



S. 1703-4, . 
M. 1710-1. 
[Elected S. 1698] 



vice Moore 



Knighted October 



1703,Mar.l8 
(and sworn) 



Walbrook, 

1702-25, 

Bridge 

Without, 

1725-33 
1702; created Baronet January, 1733; P.B.S. 
November, 1705 ; Co. Co. Walbrook 1689- (?) 1702; M.P. London 1701, 
1701-10 (contested 1698, 1710) Helston 1715-22, Lymington 1722-7, St. Germans 
1727-33 ; Colonel Blue Regiment 1707-10, 1714-33 ; President St. Thomas' Hospital 
1722-33; President Honourable Artillery Company 1720-33 (Treasurer 1708-11, 
Vice-President 1711-20); Director Bank of England 1694-1702, 1704-25, 1726-33 
(Governor 1709-11, 1723-25) ; Du-ector New E.I.C. 1698-1704, 1705-9 ; Master Vintners 
1700. Died January 29, 1733; Will [P.C.C. 45 Price] August 8, 1732; proved 
February 8, 1733. 

wSis. BoEEBT . . . . Lime Street, . . S. 1700-1, . . vice Smart 
I'.EAOHCBOFT, 1703-21 M. 1711-2 

Clothworker 

Knighted October 24, 1700 ; Co. Co. Tower 1699-1701 ; Colonel Green 
Regiment 1707-10 ; Director S.S. Company 1711-2 ; Master Clothworkers 1700. Died 
May 27, 1721 ; Will [P.C.C. 106 Buckingham] May 29, 1719 ; proved June 2, 1721. 



<(d)i5sSie Richabd 
HoABE, Ooldsmith 



Bread Street, . . S. 1709-10, .. vice Clarke 
1703-19 M. 1712-3 

Knighted October 29, 1702 ; M.P. London 1710-5 (contested 1705, 1708) ; Colonel 
Green Regiment 1710-4 ; President Christ's Hospital 1713-9; Director S.S. Company 
1711-5; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1703-4. Died Januaiy 6, 1719; Will [P.C.C. 9 
Browning] October 2, 1718 ; proved Januai'y 17, 1719. 

wCharles Thorold, . . Cordwainer, . . S. 1705-6 . . vice Geffery 
Ironmonger 1 704-9 

Knighted April 5, 1704 ; elected a Colonel London Militia 1707 ; elected a Director 
Bank ol England 1699 ; Director New E.I.C. 1700-1 ; Master Ironmongers 1689, 1703. 
Died April 1, 1709 ; Will [P.C.C. 85 Lane] March 16 ; proved April 13, 1709. 

wSir Joseph Woolfe, . . Broad Street, . . S. 1703-4 . . vice Priohard 
Mercer 1705-11 

Knighted September 6, 1704; Co. Co. Bishopsgate 1699-1705; Court 
Assistants Levant Company 1699-1700, 1703-4, 1706-7 ; Master Mercere 1703. Died 
September 10, 1711 ; Will [P.C.C. 223 Young] cod. July 31 ; proved October 1, 1711. 

wSamuel Stanibr, .. Aldgate, .. S. 1705-6, .. vice Dashwood 

Draper 1705-24 Jil. 1713-4 

Knighted December 18, 1705 ; Co. Co. Aldgate, 1698-1705 ; contested London 
1708 ; Colonel Red Regiment 1707-10, 1714-24 ; Master Drapers 1705-6. Died August 28, 
1724 ; Will [P.C.C. 214 Bolton] cod. January 8 ; proved September 9, 1724. 

151. The dates of Garrard's succession to the Baronetcy, of his election as Alderman 
and of his death, as given in D.N.B., are all given according to the obsolete Civil 
computation ; those of his elections as Sheriff and President of Bridewell are altogether 
wrong ; so also (by nine years) is that of his Itfastership of the Grocers. His ancestor, 
the first Baronet, was not, as stated in D.N.B., the Lord IVIayor of the same name. His 
first election to Parliament is not recorded ; a purely imaginary one in 1707 is apparently 
inserted by way of compensation for the omission. 

152. The dates of election to Bridge Without and as M.P. for the City (first time), 
and for Helston, are all given according to the obsolete Civil computation, whilst that of 
his death is correct according to the modern system of dating. The identification of 
Heathcote with his namesake, who was the object of Catherine Macaulay's praise and 
Horace Walpole's denunciation, is grotesquely wide of the mark, the person referred to 
being his nephew. Alderman George Heathcote, who, unlike his uncle, was a strenuous 
anti-Walpolean. 

153. D.N.B. dates his death according to the obsolete system of computation. 



1703,Sept.l6 
(23) 



1704, Mar. 21 
(28) 



1705, Mar. 6 
(13) 



1705,Sept.27 
(and sworn) 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 



121 



1707, July 29 
(and sworn) 



1708, Jan. 20 
(and sworn) 



1708, Feb. 5 
(and sworn) 



1708, Nov. 23 
(Dec. 2) 



1709, AprU 7 
(21) 



1709, May 3 
(Sept. 6) 



S. 1704-5,. 
M. 171i-5 



vice Clayton 



mjSir William .. Cheap, 1707-83, 

HuMFBETS,!" Bridge With- 

Ironmonger out, 1783-5 

Knighted October 26, 1704 ; created Baronet November, 1714 ; Co. Co. 
Cheap 1699-1707; M.P. Marlborough 1715-22 ; Colonel Green Regiment 1714-36- 
Director E.LC. 1711-5 ; Director Bank of England 1 719-21, 1722-5, 1726-7, 1728-30 • Master 
Ironmongers 1705. Died October26, 1736 ; Will [P.C.C. 228 JXicie] cod. April 28 1733 • 
proTed November 30, 1735. 



toSiR CH4ELES PeBES, 

Salter 



Tower, 1708-37 



S. 1707-8, 
M. 1715-6 



vice Edwin 



Knighted July 16, 1707 ; Co. Co. Aldgate 1701-8 ; Commissioner Customs 
1714-37; Colonel Yellow Regiment 1708-10,1714-37; President Honourable Artillerv 
Company 1733-7 (Treasurer 1711-20, Vice-President 1720-33); Director Bank of England 
1705-7, 1708-12; Master Salters 1716; Director New B.I.C. 1701-6, 1706-9- Director 
(United) E.I.C. 1712-5 (Chairman 1714-5). Died Januaiy 29, 1737 ; Will [P.C.C. 37 
Wake] December 27, 1736 ; proved February 8, 1737. 



j«i^SiE James Bateman, 
Loriner, translated to 
Fishmongers May 17, 
1709 



Coleman Street, S. 1702, 
1708-18 M. 1716-7 



vice Gore 



Knighted December 14, 1698 ; M.P. Ilchester 1711-6 (contested 1715), East Looe 
1715-8 ; contested Totnes 1696 ; London 1710 ; elected Colonel Orange Regiment 1716 - 
Dh-ector Bank of England 1694-7, 1698-9,1700-11 (Deputy-Governor 1703-8, Governor 
1708-7); Sub-Govemor S.S. Company 1711-8; Director New E.LC. 1698-1700, 1703-4 
1707-9, (United) E.I.C. 1709-10 ; Prime Warden Fishmongers 1710-2. Died November 
10, 1718 ; Will [P.C.C. 209 Tenison] January 19, 1717 ; proved November 25, 1718. 



< William Lewen, 
Haberdasher 



Castle Baynard, S. 1712-3, 
1708-22 M. 1717-8 



vice Eawlinson 



Knighted December 17, 1712 ; Co. Co. Bilhngsgate 1700-3 ; M.P Poole 
1708-10, 1711-22 ; Colonel Blue Regiment 1711-4 ; Muster Haberdashers 1709-10. Died 
March 16, 1722 ; Will [P.C.C. 57 Marlborough] May 29, 1719 ; proved March 16, 1722. 



m;156Jojjn Wabd, 
Merchant Taylor 



Candlewick, 
1709-26 



vice Lane 



S. 1715-6, 
M. 1718-9 
[Elected S. 1706] 
Knighted September 25, 1714 ; M.P, London 1708-10, 1715-22 (contested 1710, 1713), 

Dunwich 1722-6 ; Director E.I.C. 1696-8, 1709-12 ; Director New E.I.C. 1703-7, 1708-9 ; 

Dh-ector Bank of England 1694-7, 1698-1711, 1712-26 (Deputy-Governor 1699-1701, 

Governor 1701-3) ; Master Merchant Taylors 1709-10. Died March 12, 1726 ; Will 

[P.C.C. 63 Plymouth] March 26, 1728 ; proved March 29, 1726. 



mjSie George Thoeold, Cordwainer, . . S. 1710-1, 
Ironmonger 1709-22 M. 1719-20 



vice Thorold 



Knighted March 18, 1708 ; created Baronet September, 1709 : Director Bank 
of England 1711-6, 1717-21 (elected 1722) ; Master Ironmongers 1708. Died October 29, 
1722 ; Will [P.C.C. 225 Marlborough] cod. October 28 ; proved November 21, 1722. 

1709,Sept.27 «) Sir Benjamin Green,. . Queenhithe, .. S. 1707-8 .. vice Cooke 
(and sworn) Brewer 1709 

Knighted November 16, 1707 ; Master Brewei-s 1707-8. Died December 16, 1709 ; 
WiU [P.C.C. 17 Smith] June 6, 1707 ; proved January 10, 1710. 

1709, Nov. 8 tWilliam Andrew, .. Portsoken; .. vice Jeffreys 

Glothworlcer 1709-10 

Co. Co. Portsoken 1701 (Deputy 1703) -10; Master Clothworkers 1716. 



154. This spelling is in accordance with the Alderman's autograph, which I had 
not seen when the earlier portion of Vol. I. was printed in which the name is spelled as 
usually found (' Hump^ireys '). 

155. He was originally a Whig and was one of the candidates of that party for the 
City in 1710, but generally voted with the Tories after 1713. 

156. Ward had been one of the Tory candidates for the City at the election of 1708, 
but he rejoined the Whigs, with whom he had been originally connected, very soon after 
his return on that occasion. His Mayoralty is completely misdated in the D.N.B.'s 
article on his uncle, Sir Patience Ward. 



122 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 



1710, Feb. 7 wJohn Peyeh, Pewterer, Queenhithe, . . S. 1715-6, . . vice Green 
(and sworn) translated to Fish- 1710-26 M. 1720-1 

mongers July 19, 1720 

Created Baronet December, 1714 ; Commissioner Salt 1720-1 ; elected Colone'l Orange 
Eegiment 1715; Director B.I.C. 1719-20; Director S.S. Company 1724-6; Master 
Pewterersl715; Prime Warden Flshmongei-s 1 720-2. Died September 11, 1726; Will 
[P.C.C. 203 Plymouth] August 4, 1725 ; proved October 4, 1726. 



1710, Oct. 26 tEdmund Nolle, 
Vintner 



PortsoJcen, 1710 



vice Jeffreys 



1 710, Nov. 14 tBichard Dyer, 
Qunmaker 



Portsoken, 1710 



vice Jeffreys 



1711, Jan. 23 wFranois Eyles, .. Bridge Without, S. 1710-1 . . vice Levett 

(Feb. 6) Haberdasher 1711-6 [Elected S. 1706] 

Created Baronet December, 1714 ; Director Bank of England 1697-1703, 1704-15 
(Deputy-Governor 1706-7, Governor 1707-9); Court As-sistants Levant Company 1703-4; 
Director E.I.C. 1696-8, 1709-10 ; Director New E.I.C. 1702-5, 1706-9. Died May 24, 1716 ; 
Will [P.C.C. 116 Fox] cod. December 4, 1714 ; proved June 27, 1716. 



1711, Jan. 23 
(AprU 17) 



1711, May 1 
(8) 



1711, May 8 
(and sworn) 



1711, July 31 
(and sworn) 



i(Di") John Cass, Caryew- Portsoken, .. S. 1711-2 .. vice Jeffreys 
ter, translated to 1711-8 

Skinners December 15, 
1718 

Knighted June 14, 1712 ; m.P. London 1710-5 (contested 1715) ; Treasurer Bethlem 
and Bridewell 1709-14 ; Colonel Orange Regiment 1713-4; Master Carpenters 1711-2; 
Skinnei-s 1714. Died July 5, 1718 ; Will [P.C.C. 210 Tenison] July 5 ; proved 
November 8, 1718. 

wSir Henry Furnese, .. Bridge, 1711-2 S. 1700-1 .. vice Duncombe 
Bart., Draper 

Knighted October 11, 1691 ; created Baronet June, 1707 ; Co. Co. 
Walbrook 1691-4; M.P. Bramber 1698-9, Sandwich 1701, 1701-12; Director Bank 
of England 1694-7, 1699-1700, 1700-2 ; Director New B.LC. 1698-1703 ; Master Drapers 
1694-5. Died November 30, 1712 ; Will [P.C.C. 234 Barnes] cod. November 11, 1711 ; 
proved December 3, 1712. 



vice Bedingfeld 



iSir Ambrose Crowley, . . Dowgate, . . S. 1706-7 
Draper 1711-3 

Knighted January 1, 1707 ; Co. Co. Dowgate 1697-1711 ; M.P. Andover 1713 ; 
Director S.S. Company 1711-3 (Deputy-Governor 1712-3); Master Drapers 1708-9. 
Died October 7, 1713 ; Will [P.C.C. 222 Leeds] June 10 ; proved October 19, 1713. 

iWiLLiAM Stewart, .. Cripplegate, .. S. 1711-2, .. vice Stampe 
Barber-Surgeon, 1711-23 M. 1721-2 

translated to 
Goldsmiths September 
13, 1720 

Knighted June 14, 1712 ; contested London 1715 ; Director New E.I.C. 1698-1701, 
1704-8, (United) B.I.C. 1716-20 ; President St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1712-23 ; Prime 
Warden Goldsmiths 1720-1. Died April 29, 1723 ; Will [P.C.C. 178 Richmond] March 
28 ; proved May 21, 1723. 



1711, Dec. 4 juGeeaed Oonyees, 
(and sworn) Salter 



Broad Street, . 
1711-35, 
Bridge 
Without, 
1735-7 



S. 1716-7, 
M. 1722-3 



. . vice Woolfe 



Knighted September 25, 1714; Colonel Orange Regiment 1716-37; President 
Honourable Artillery Company 1737 (Treasurer 1720-33, Vice-President 1733-7) ; 
President St. Thomas' Hospital 1733-7; Director Bank of England 1702-4, 1705-7, 
1708-10, 1711-37 (Deputy-Governor 1715-17, Governor 1717-9) ; Court Assistants Levant 
Company 1691-1705, 1706-7; Master Salters 1712. Died July 20, 1737; Will [P.C.C. 
176 Wake] November 22, 1733 ; proved August 4, 1737. 



157. The D.N.B. article gives the date of his election as Alderman according to the 
obsolete civil computation, and thereby makes it appear that he was an Alderman 
before he was M.P., whereas the reverse is the fact. 



Chronological List or Aldiemen. 



123 



1712, Jan. 29 loThomas Scawen, 
(Feb. 5) 



1712,Sept.l2 
(and sworn) 



Oornhill, 
1712-30 



[Elected S. 1704] 



vice Sir John 

Houblon 



1712, Deo. 9 
(and sworn) 



1713, May 7 
(19) 



1713, Oct. 22 
(and sworn) 



1713, Oct. 22 
(and sworn) 



1716, June 9 
(19) 



1717, Jan. 29 
(Feb. 7) 



1718, July 8 
(17) 

1718, July 24 
(Sept. 23) 



1718,Nov.l3 
(Dec. 2) 



Knighted September 25, 1714 ; M.P. Grampmind 1708-10, London 1715-22 (con- 
tested 1713) ; Prime Warded Fishmongers 1708-10 ; Director Banlc o( England 1705-8, 
1709-10, 1711-4, 1715-26, 1727-9 (Deputy-Governor 1719-31, Governor 1721-2). Died 
September 22. 1730 ; Will [P.O.C. 290 Auber] July 4 ; proved October 10, 1730. 

toPETBR Delme, .. Langbourn, .. S. 1717-8, .. vice Fleet 

Fishmonger 1712-28 M. 1723-4 

Knighted September 25, 1714 ; Committee E.I.C. 1697-8 ; Director Bank of England 
1698-1703, 1709-28 (Deputy-Governor 1713-6, Governor 1715-7); Prime Warden 
Fishmongers 1714-6. Died September 4, 1728 ; Will [P.O.C. 261 Brook] cod. May 30 ; 
proved September 5, 1728. 

^Geobge Meettins, .. Bridge, 1712-27 S. 1721-2, .. vice Furnese 
CZocfemafcer, translated M. 1724-5 

to Skinners June 16, 1713 

Knighted April 15, 1713 ; Co. Co. Cornhill 1711-2 ; contested Southwark 1713, 
London 1715 ; President Christ's Hospital 1727 (Treasurer 1717-27) ; Master Clock- 
makers 1713-4, Skinnere 1715. Died November 3, 1727 ; Will [P.C.C. 269 Farrant] 
August 12, 1725 ; proved November 14, 1727. 

iJoseph Lawrence, . . Bishopsgate, vice 

Vintner 1713-8 Buckingham 

Knighted September 25, 1714; Co. Co. Bishopsgate 1699-1713; Master 
Vintners 1713. Died July 23, 1718 ; Will [P.C.C. 162 Tenison] cod. July 21 ; proved 
August 4, 1718. 

tFBANCis FoEBES, . . Dowgate, . . S. 1713-4, . . vice Crowley 
Haberdasher 1713-27 M. 1725-6 

Knighted December 30, 1718; Co. Co. Bridge, 1708-13; Governor Irish 
Society 1721-7 ; President Christ's Hospital 1723-7 ; Director Bank of England 1724-7 ; 
Master Haberdashei-s 1713-4. Died September 26, 1727 ; Will [P.C.C. 268 Fan-ant] 
September 21 ; proved November 4, 1727. 

f Robert Child, Goldsmith Parringdon vice Sir F. Child 

Without, 1713-21 

Knighted September 25, 1714 ; M.P. Helston 1710-3, Devizes 1713-5 ; Treasurer 
Honourable Artillery Company 1704-8 ; Colonel Orange Regiment 1 714-5 ; President 
Christ's Hospital 1719-21; Director B.I.C. 1709-13, 1714-8, 1719-21 (Deputy-Chairman 
1714-5, Chairman 1715-6) ; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1714-5. Died October 6, 1721 ; 
Will [P.C.C. 177 Buckingham] May 26, 1710 ; proved October, 1721. 



«;SiB John Eyles, Bart., 
Haberdasher 



Vintry, 1716-37, S. 1719-20, .. vice Sir F. Eyles 

Bridge M. 1726-7 

Without, 

1737-45 

Succeeded to Baronetcy May 24, 1716; Co. Co. Aldgate 1715-6; 
M.P. Chippenham 1713-27 (contested 1734), London 1727-34; Colonel White Regiment 
1720-45 ; Treasurer Honourable Artillei-y Company 1733-6 ; President St. Thomas' 
Hospital 1737-46 ; Sub-Governor S.S. Company 1721-33 ; Director B.LC. 1710-4, 1717-21 ; 
DU-ector Bank of England 1715-7 ; Master Haberdashers 1716-7. Died March 11, 1745 ; 
Will [P.O.C. 110 Seymer] Januarj' 26, 1742 ; proved April 1, 1745. 



wSir Charles Cook, 
Mercer 



Basslshaw, 
1717-21 



S. 1716-7 



vice Parsons 



Knighted January 24, 1717 ; M.P. Grampound 1715-21 ; Lord Trade 1714-21 ; Court 
Assistants Levant Company 1706 (Husband 1706) ; Master Mercers 1716. Died 
January 2, 1721 ; adm. January 23, 1721. 

iJohn Green, Distiller . . Portsoken vice Cass 

1718-21 
Died March 6, 1721 ; Will [P.C.C. 48 Buckingham] March 19, 1720 ; proved March 8, 1721. 

wEdwabd Becher, .. Bishopsgate, .. S. 1721-2, .. vice Lawrence 
Draper 1718-32 M. 1727-8 

Knighted May 9, 1722; Co. Co. Bishopsgate Without 1711 8 ; Director S.S. 
Company 1724-32; Master Drapers 1719-20. Died September 2, 1732; adm. 
September 26. 

wSir Harcourt Master, . . Coleman Street, S. 1717-8 .. vice Bateman 
Haberdasher 1718-45 

Knighted October 4, 1714 ; Co. Co. Tower 1715-8 ; Commissioner Taxes 1715-8 ; 
Auditor 1716-8 ; Director S.S. Company 1711-21 ; Master Haberdashers 1715-6. Died 
March 15, 1745 ; Will [P.C.C. 117 Seymer] October 27, 1741 ; proved Aprd 1, 1745. 



12i 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 



1719, Mar. 3 
(and sworn) 



1720 Jan. 14 
(26) 



1721, Jan. 4 
(17) 



1721, Feb. 2 
(14) 



1721, Mar.lO 
(21) 



1721, May 30 
(June 20) 



1721, Oct. 10 
(24) 



1722,Feb.l5 
(27) 



itjRoBEBT Baylis, . . Bread Street, . . S. 1724-5, . . vice Hoare 
Grocer 1719-48 M. 1728-9 

Knighted June 16, 1727; Co. Co. Bread Street 1691-1710; M.P. Thetford 
1708-10; Commissioner Salt 1720; Commissioner Customs 1720-7, 1731-48; Receiver 
General Land Tax Middlesex ; Coionel Red Regiment 1724-48 ; President 
Honourable Artillery Company 1737-48 (Treasurer 1736-7, Yice-President 1737) ; 
President St. Thomas' Hospital 174.5-8 ; Director B.I.C. 1731-3. Died November 21, 
1748 ; Will [P.C.O. 353 Stralian] November 14 ; proved December 1, 1748. 

wEobert Heyshamij . . Billingsgate vice Ashhurst 

Draper 1720-3 

M.P. Lancaster 1698-1716; London 1715-22 (contested 1713, 1722); President Christ's 
Hospital 1721-3; Master Drapers 1720-1. Died February 26, 1723; Will [P.C.C. 51 
Richmond] October 7, 1722 ; proved March 15, 1723. 



M)Sir Randolph Knipe, 
Clothworker 



Bassishaw, 
1721-8 



S. 1714-5 



vice Cook 



Knighted July 26, 1708 ; Co. Co. Aldgate 1706-16 ; Director Bank of England 
1712-6, 1717-20,1721-4,1725-8; Master Clothworkers 1709. Died June 3, 1728; Will 
[P.C.C. 183 Brook] December 23, 1727 ; proved June 5, 1728. 



ifilOHABD BbOCAS, 

Orocer 



Parringdon . . S. 1728-9, . . vice Withers 

Within, M. 1729-30 

1721-37 
[Contested Bread Street 1719] 

Knighted September 13, 1729 ; Co. Co. Bread Street 1709 (Deputy 1718)21; 
President St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1723-37 (Treasurer 1721-3) ; Master Grocere 
1724-6. Died November 7, 1737 ; Will [P.C.C. 28 Brodrepp] May 10, 1716 ; proved 
February 18, 1738. 

f(D)i58HuMPHBEY . . Portsoken, . . S. 1722-3, . . vice Green 

Parsons, Wax 1721-41 M. 1730-1, 

Chandler, translated 1740-1 

to Orocers April 20, 
1725 
M.P. Harvi'ich 1722-7 ; London 1727-41 ; contested Beigate 1717, London and Reigate 
1722; President Bethlem and Bridewell 1725-41; Maister Grocers 1726-31. Died 
March 21, 1741 ; Will [P.C.C. 74 Spurway] March 25, 1740 ; proved March 24, 1741. 

^Lancelot Skinner, . . Lime Street, vice Beachcroft 

Clothworker 1721-4 

Co. Co, Lime Street 1700 (Deputy 1703)-21 ; Auditor 1707-9 ; Deputy-Governor 
Irish Society 1718-9 ; Master Clothworkers 1721. Died January 29, 1724 ; Will [P.C.C. 
122 Bolton] January 19 ; proved May 15, 1724. 



i(D*)i59pEANOis Child, 
Ooldsmith 



S. 1722-3, 
M. 1731-2 



vice Sir R. Child 



Farringdon 
Without, 
1721-40 

Knighted September 28, 1732 ; m.P. London 1722-7 ; Middlesex 1727-40 ; President 
Christ's Hospital 1727-40; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1723-4; Director B.LC. 1718-9, 
1721-6, 1726-30, 1731-5. Died April 20, 1740 ; Will [P.C.O. 133 Browne] November 21. 
1739 ; proved May 2, 1740. 



Aldersgate, 
1722-40 



S. 1728-9 



vice Abney 



iRichard Levett, 
Mercer 

Deputy Aldersgate Within 1716-22 ; Master Mercers 1722. Died November 11, 
1740 ; adm. August 5, 1741. 



158. The D.N.B. article dates the translation of Parsons to the Grocers' Company 
as ' upon his election as Lord Mayor,' whereas it took place more than five years earlier. 
The year o£ his contest for Reigate is quite unintelligibly expressed : I have no idea 
which year the writer means, except that it is obviously not the right one. ' Viscount 
Avalon ' is not a correct description of anybody who ever existed ; presumably ' Viscount 
Mordaunt of Avalon' is meant. (It would be quite incorrect to speak of Lord James of 
Hereford as 'Lord Hereford' or Viscount Kitchener of Khartoum as 'Viscount 
Khartoum.') The printer is probably responsible for the date, uncorrected in the new 
issue, which puts his marriage half a century before his birth. There can be no possible 
doubt as to the identity of his father-in-law, whom the writer describes as 'Sir Ambrose 
Crowley, or Crawley' ; he was the Alderman of Dowgate 1711-3, recorded on p. 1'22 ante. 

159. The article in D.N.B. as revised in the new issue is accurate, but the date of 
admission to freedom appears to be according to the old system of computation. 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 125 



1722. Mar. 19 fieojoHN Barber, .. Castle Baynard, S. 1729-30, .. vice Le wen 

(April 3) Stationer, translated 1722-41 M. 1732-3 

to Goldsmiths June 6, 
1732 

Co. Co. Queenhlthe 1711-22 ; contested London 1734 ; Governor Irish Societj- 
1735-41 ; President St. Bartholomew's HosiJital 1737-41 ; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 
1733-4. Died Januaiy 2, 1741 ; Wlii [P.C.C. 116 Spurway] December 28, 1740 ; proved 
May 15, 1741. 

1722, Nov. 1 wWiLLiAM BiLLERS, .. Cordwainer, .. S. 1720-1, .. vice Thorold 

(13) Haberdasher 1722-45 M. 1733-4 

Knighted January 31, 1727 ; F.R.S. November, 1726; Co. Co. Bread Street 
1719-22 ; contested Romney 1741 ; Colonel Blue Regiment 1733-45 ; Vice-President 
Honourable Ai-tiliery Company 1737-45 (Treasurer 1737) ; Director E.LO. 1724-8, 1729-33, 
1734-8, 1739-43 (Deputy-ChaiiTnan 1735-6, Chairman 1736-7); Master Haberdashei-s 
1720-1. Died October 14,1745; Will [P.C.C. 265 Seymer] January 8, 1742; proved 
October 16, 1745. 

1723, Feb. 28 wEd ward Bellamy ., Billingsgate, .. S. 1724, . . vice Heysham 
(March 12) Fishmonger 1723-45, M. 1734-5 

Bridge 

Without, 

1745-9 
Knighted January 31, 1727; Co. Co. Billingsgate 1718-23; contested 
London 1741 ; Colonel Green Regiment 1736-49 ; President Honourable Artillery 
Company 1748-9 (Treasurer 1737-46, Vice-President 1745-8) ; President St. Thomas' 
Hospital 1748-9 ; Prime Warden Fishmongei-s 1724-6 ; Director Bank of England 
1723-6, 1727-49 (Deputy-Governor 1729-31, Governor 1731-3). Died March 28, 1749; 
Will [P.C.C. 99 LUle] July 2, 1748 ; proved April 14, 1749. 

1723, June 20 ^loiJoHN Williams, .. Cripplegate, .. S. 1729-30, .. vice Stewart 
(July 23) Mercer 1723-43 M. 1735-6 

Knighted June 23, 1713 ; M.P. Aldeburgh 1730-4 ; contested London 1727 ; Director 
S.S. Company 1711-15 ; Master Mercers 1723. Died Mav 7, 1743 ; Will [P.C.C. 250 
Boycott] cod. October 31, 1741 ; proved July 4, 1743. 

1724, Mar. 4 w&ii Richard Hopkins, Lime Street, . . S. 1723-4 . . vice Skinner 

(12) Cutler, translated to 1724-36 

Fishmongers May 26, 
1730 

Knighted July 25, 1722 ; M.P. London 1724-7 (contested 1727) ; Director S.S. 
Company 1721-36 (Sub-Governor 1733-6) ; Prime Warden Fishmongers 1730-2. Died 
January 2, 1736 ; Will [P.C.C. 34 Derby] January 23, 1734 ; adm. February 23, 1736. 

1724, Sept. 1 wFrancis Porten, .. Aldgate, .. S. 1725-6 .. vice Stanier 

(22) Mercer 1724-8 

Knighted January 11, 1726; Co. Co. Cornhill 1706-8 ; Bridge 1708-11; 
Tower 1715-6 ; Aldgate 1716 (Deputy 1723)-24 ; Du-ector Bank of 
England 1726-8; Master Mercers 1724. Died Pebi-uaiy 22, 1728; Will [P.C.C. 92 
Brook] May 1, 1727 ; proved March 14, 1728. 

1725,Mar. 18 wSir John Tash, . . Walbrook, . . S. 1719-20 . . vice Garrard 

(April 20) Vintner 1725-35 

Knighted November 16, 1719 ; Master Vintners 1719. Died October 12, 1735 ; Will 
[P.C.C. 217 Ducie] October 30, 1731 ; proved October 23, 1735. 

1726,Mar. 15 wJohn Thompson, . . Candlewick, . . S. 1726, . . vice Ward 
(29) Vintner 1726-49, M. 1786-7 

Bridge 
Without, 
1749-50 
Knighted January 31, 1727; Co. Co. Candlewick 1709-12, 1719-22; 
Aldgate- 1725-6 ; contested London 1727; Colonel Tellow Regiment 1737-60; 
President St. Thomas' Hospital 1749-50 ; President Honourable Artillery Company 
1749-50 (Treasurer 1745-9, Vice-President 1749); Governor Russia Company; 
Director S.S. Company 1727-33 ; Director Bank of England 1734-7, 1738-42, 1743-5, 
1746-9 ; Master Vintners 1726. Died February 17, 1750 ; adm. July 6, 17d0. 



160. The omission of Barber's name from the D.N.B. is surprising : he was a better 
known man in his day than many who are commemorated in its pages. 

161. In his later years, Williams, who had been a prominent Tory and the 
champion of that party in opposition to Sir E. Bellamy in the great contest for the 
Shrievalty in 1724, voted with the Walpolean Whigs in the Court of Aldermen in the 
struggles for the Mayoralty in 1740 and 1741. 



126 Chronological List of Aldermen. 

1726,Sept.l5 iKobert Alsop, . . Queenhithe, . . S. 1732-3 . . vice Fryer 

(Oct. i) Haberdasher 1726-37 

Co. Co. Queenhithe 1710 (Deputy 1722)-26; Auaitor 1719-21, 1722-4 ; Governor 
Irish Society 1727-36 (Deputv-Governor 1720-1, 1724-6) ; Treasurer BetUiem and 
Briilewell 1729-37; Director Bank of England 1731-4, 1738-7; Master Haberdashers 
1730-2, Died March 12, 1737 ; Will [P.C.C. 48 Wake] Febiiiary 28 ; proved March 
12, 1737. 

1727,Sept.28 iJohn Crowley, Draper. . Dowgate, vice Forbes 

(Oot.9) 1727-8 

[contested Billingsgate 1723] 

Co. Co. Dowgate 1721-7 ; M.P. Okehampton 1722-7 ; Qnesuborough 1727-8 ; contesle.l 
Ipswich 1727. Died January 2, 1728; Will [P.C.C. 6 Brook] May 16, 1726; proved 
J.-inuary 17, 1728. 

1727, Nov. 7 iThomas Preston, jun.,. . Bridge, vice Merttins 

(21) Vintner 1727-9 

Co. Co. Bridge 1721-7; Master Vintners 1728. Died December 24, 1729; adm. 
April 16, 1730. 

1728, Jan. 4 x{d*)^<^^Soks Barnaed, . . Dowgate, . . S. 1735-6, . . vice Crowley 

(16) Glover, translated to 1728-50, U. 1737-8 

Grocers September 13, Bridge [Elected M. 1741] 

1787 Without, 

1750-8 

Knighted September 28, 1732 ; m.P. London 1722-61 ; contested Tiverton 1741 ; 
President Christ's Hospital 1740-88 ; Master Grocere 1738-9. Died August 29, 1764: 
Will [P.C.C. 337 Simpson] cod. April 24, 1763 ; proved September 10, 1764. 

1728, Feb.24 wMioajah Pebey, . . Aldgate, . . S. 1734-5, . . vice Porten 

(March 12) Haberdasher 1728-46 M. 1738-9 

M.P. London 1727-41 (contested 1741) ; Colonel Orange Regiment 1738-45 ; Master 
Haberdashers 1727-8. Died January 22, 1763 ; adm. August 14, 1763. 

1728, June 5 M)(D)i«3Sir Thomas Lombe, Bassishaw, . . S. 1727-8 . . vice Knipe 
(18) Mercer 1728-89 

Knighted July 8, 1727 ; Master Mercei-s 1727. Died January 3, 1739 ; Will [P.C.C. 14 
Henchman] Januaiy 1 ; proved January 8, 1739. 

1728, Sept. 6 wHenry Haukey, .. Langbourn, .. S. 1732-3 .. vice Delm6 

(24) Haberdasher 1728-37 

Knighted September 28, 1732 ; Co. Co. Langbourn 1704 (Deputy 1716)- 
23 ; Master Haberdashers 1728-9. Died January 30, 1737 ; Will [P.C.C. 29 Wake] 
September 6, 1733 ; proved February 17, 1737. 

1729, Dec.26 wGeorge Champion, . . Bridge, 1729-54 S. 1737-8 . . vice Preston 
(Jan.27,1730) Cooper, translated to 

Haberdashers 

September 18, 1739 
Knighted January 18, 1737; Co. Co. Langbourn 1726-9; M.P. Aylesbury 
1734-41 ; Colonel White Regiment 1745-54 ; President Honourable Artillery Company 
1750-4; Master Haberdashers 1740-1. Died July 18, 1764; Will [P.C.C. 221 Pinfold] 
July 2 ; proved August 3, 1754. 

1730,Sept.23 wJohn Salteb, .. Cornhill, .. S. 1734-5, .. vice Scawen 

(Got. 6) Merchant Taylor 1730-44 M. 1739-40 

Knighted October 31, 1735 ; Co. Co. Cornhill 1721-30 ; Dh-ectorE.I.C. 1734-8, 
1739-43, 1744 (Deputy-Chairman 1741-2, Chairman 1742-3) ; Master Merchant Taylors 
1731-2. Died June 1, 1744 ; Will [P.C.C. 201 Anstis] cod. March 10, 1741 ; proved 
August 1, 1744. 

X. Those marked thus were nominally Whigs, but prominent anti-Walpoleans in 
alliance with the Tories. 

162. There are several errors in the original article in D.N.B., one of which is 
corrected with singular lack of perspicacity in the later issue. The date of retirement 
from the Court of Aldermen originally appears as 1750 ; in correcting this to 1758 all the 
words relating to his transfer to Bridge Without are omitted, thereby making the 
following sentence pure nonsense. No such person as 'Alderman Sir Thomas Hankey,' 
who is said to have married Barnard's elder daughter, ever existed ; the marriage of the 
younger daughter is wrongly given in the original edition, but correctly in the later one. 
The D.N.B. does not name either of his Livery Companies. 

163. The article ou Lombe in D.N.B. omits the date of his election as Alderman. 



Cheonological List of Aldermen. 127 



1732, Sept. 5 <Robeht Godschall, .. Bishopsgate, .. S. 1735-6, .. vice Becher 
(19) Ironmmger 1732-42 M. 1741-2 

Knighted October 81, 1735; M.P. London 1741-2 (contested 1734) ; President St. 
Bartholomew's Hospital 1741-2 ; Master Ironmongers 1733. Died June 26, 1742 ; adm. 
July 21, 1742. 

1783, Jan.27 jwBobert Kendal, . . Cheap, 1733-8 S. 1738 . . vice Heathoote 

(Feb. 20) Fishvionger 

Took additional name Cater, February, 1736 ; Knighted June 8, 1738 ; 
Co. Co. Cheap, 1720 (Deputy 1727)-33; Auditor 1727-9; Prime Warden 
Fishmongers 1734-6. Died December 31, 1738 ; Will [P.C.C. 72 Henchman] December 29, 
1738 ; proved April 6, 1739. 

1735, Oct. 14 xGeoege Heathoote,.. Walbrook, .. S. 1739-40, .. vice Tash 

(21) Salter 1735-49 M. 1742 

[Elected M. 1740] 

F.R.S. January, 1729; M.P. Hindon 1727-34 ; Southwark 1734-41; London 1741-47; 
Director S.S. Company 1730-3 ; Master Salters 1737. Died June 7, 1768 ; Will [P.C.C. 
246 Seeker] December 18, 175U ; proved June 30, 1768. 

1785, Oct. 30 f John Lequesne, Grocer Broad Street, . . S. 1739-40 . . vice Humfreys 
(Nov. 11) 1735-41 

Knighted January 18, 1737; Co. Co. Broad Streetl724 (Deputy 1731)-35; 
Auditor 1732-4; Director Bank of England 1738-41; Master Grocers 1736-7. Died 
March 18, 1741 ; adm. April 3, 1741. 

1736, Jan. 28 mjRobeet Willimott, .. Lime Street, .. S. 1741-2, .. vice Hopkins 
(Feb. 10) Cooper^^ 1736-46 M. 1742-3 

Knighted February 18, 1744 ; Co. Co. Tower 1729-36 ; M.P. London 1734-41 ; 
President Bethlem and Bridewell 1741-6 ; Master Coopers 1743. Died December 19, 
1746 ; Win [P.C.C. 27 Potter] October 15, 1746 ; proved January 14, 1747. 

1737, Feb. 1 w Joseph Hankey, .. Langbourn, vice 

(15) Haberdasher 1737-69 Sir H. Hankey 

Knighted August 4, 1787 ; Co. Co. Langbourn 1728-87 ; Colonel Blue 
Regiment 1745-62 ; President St. Thomas' Hospital 1751-69 ; President Honourable 
Artilleiy Company 1754-63 (Treasurer 1749, Tice-President 1749-64); Master Haber- 
dashers 1737-8. Died June 28, 1769 ; Will [P.C.C. 247 Bogg] June 17, 1762 ; proved 
July 10, 1769. 

1737, Feb. 2 ^Daniel Lambebt, . . Tower, 1737-50 S. 1733-4, . . vice Peers 
(8) Cooper, translated to M. 1741 

Vintners March 24,1741 

Knighted February 18, 1744 ; Co. Co. Aldgate 1732-7 ; M.P. London 1741-7 
(contested 1747) ; Auditor 1735-7 ; Governor Irish Society 1741-4 ; Master Vlntnera 
1741. Died May 13, 1760; Will [P.C.C. 163 Greenley] Februaiy 27 ; proved May 23, 
1760. 

1737, Mar.l4 «Bobbet Westley, . . Queenhithe, . . S. 1733-4, . . vice Alsop 

(22) Merchant Taylor 1737-45 M. 1743-4 

[contested Cheap 1733] 

Knighted February 18, 1744 ; Governor Irish Society 1744-5 ; President St. 
Bartholomew's Hospital 1742-5 (Treasurer 1734-42) ; Treasurer Sons oJ Clergy 1720-4; 
Master Merchant Taylors 1737-8. Died September 23, 1745 ; Will [P.C.C. 314 Seymer] 
March 17, 1739 ; proved November 15, 1746. 

1737, July 23 roSir William Ecus, . . Vintry, 1737-43 S. 1736-7 . . vice Conyers 
(Aug. 2) Salter 

Knighted January 18, 1737 ; Co. Co. Vintry 1728 (Deputy 1731)-37 ; 
Auditor 1732-4 ; Director E.I.C. 1733-7, 1738-42 (Deputy-Chairman 1738-9, Chainnan 
1739-40) ; Master Salters 1738. Died February 22, 1743; Will [P.C.C. 89 Boycott] 
July 18, 1741 ; proved March 29, 1743. 

1787,Nov.lO iHENBY Mabshall, .. Farringdon .. S. 1740-1, . . vice Brocas 
(29) Draper 'Within, M. 1744-5 

1737-54 

Knighted September 5, 1745; M.P. Agmondesham 1734-54 ; contested London 1747; 
President St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1745-54 ; Master Drapers 1738-9. Died February 
2, 1754 ; Will [P.C.C. 49 Pinfold] cod. June 14, 1763 ; proved February 4, 1764. 

164. See Vol. I., p. 333. 



128 Chronological List of Aldeemen. 



1739, Jan. i taWilliam Baker, . . Bassishaw, vice Lombe 

(16) Weaver 1739-70 

Knighted November 3, 1760; Co. Co. Bassishaw 1736-9; M.P. Plympton 
1747-68; Colonel Orange Regiment 1745-62; Tice-Presldent Honourable Artillery 
Company 1754-63 (Treasurer 1749-54); Governor Hudson's Bay Company 1760-70 
(Deputy-Governor 1750-60) ; Director E.I.C. 1741-5, 1746-50, 1751-3 (Deputy-Chairman 
1749, 1751-2; Chairman 1749-50, 1752-3); Upper Bailiff Weavers 1739-40. Died 
January 23, 1770; Will [P.C.C. 41 Jenner] April 25, 1768 ; proved Febraaiy 7, 1770. 

1739, Jan. 25 JwSir Joseph Eyles, .. Cheap, 1739-40 S. 1721-5 . . vice Kendal- 
(Feb. 6) Haberdasher Cater 

Knighted December 9, 1724 ; ji.p. Devizes 1722-7, 1734-40 ; Southwark 1727-34 ; 
Director B.I.0. 1714-7, 1721-2 : Director Bani; of England 1717-21, 1730-3; Master 
Haberdashers 1724-5. Died February 8, 1740 ; Will [P.C.C. 38 Browne] Januaiy 6, 
1735 ; proved February 8, 1740. 

1740, Feb. 9 wGeorge Arnold, . . Cheap, 1740-51 vice Sir Joseph 

(19) Haberdasher Eyles 

Co. Co. Cheap 1722 (Deputy 1733)-40 ; President St. Thomas' Hospital 1750-1 ; 
Master Haberdasher", 1735-6. Died June 23, 1751 ; Will [P.C.C. 197 Busby] cod. 
December 31, 1746 ; proved July 1, 1751. 

1740, Apr. 23 «(d)im»Richaed Hoaee, Farringdon .. S. 1740-1, .. vice Child 
(May 6) Goldsmith Without, M. 1745-6 

1740-54 

[Contested Cheap 1739] 
Knighted October 31, 1745 ; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1740-1 ; Treasurer S.P.C.K. 
1750-54. Died October 12, 1754; Will [P.C.C. 275 Pinfold] March 9; proved 
October 29, 1754. 

1740, Nov. 12 iWiLLiAM Benn, . . Aldersgate, . . S. 1742-3, . . vice Levett 

(25) Fletcher 1740-55 M. 1746-7 

Co. Co. Bishopsgate 1730-40 ; Auditor 1739-41 ; President Bethlem and Bridewell 
1747-55. Died August 10, 1755 ; Will [P.C.C. 211 Paul] cod. August 4, 1753 ; proved 
August 20, 1766. 

1741, Jan. 5 xEobebt Ladbboke, . . Castle Baynard, S. 1743-4, . . vice Barber 

(18) Grocer 1741-58, M. 1747-8 

Bridge 
Without, 
1758-73 
Knighted February 18, 1744 ; Co. Co. Castle Baynard 1738-41 ; 
M.P.London 1754-73 (contested 1747) ; President Christ's Hospital 1768-73; elected 
Colonel Green Regiment 1749 ; Colonel Blue Beghuent 1762-73 ; President Honourable 
Artillei-y Company 1763-73; Master Grocei-s 1741-3. Died October 31, 1773; Will 
[P.C.C. 435 Stevens] August 27 ; proved November 11, 1773. 

1741,Mar.25 xWilham Calvert, .. Portsoken, .. S. 1743-4, .. vice Parsons 
(April 7) Brewer 1741-61 M. 1748-9 

Knighted February 18, 1744; Co. Co. Dowgate 1739 (Deputy 1740)-41 ; 
M.P. London 1742-64 (contested 1764) ; Old Sarum 1765-61; Auditor 1740-2 ; Colonel 
Red Regiment 1749-61 ; Treasurer Honourable Artillery Company 1754-61 ; Master 
Brewers 1741-2. Died May 3, 1761 ; Will [P.C.C. 165 Oheslyn] December 26, 1737 ; 
proved May 22, 1761. 

1741, Apr. 18 ii«6Charles Ewer, .. Broad Street vice Lequesne 

(Nov. 17) Grocer 1741-2 

M.P. Shaftesbury 1741-2. Died June 20, 1742 ; Will [P.C.C. 182 Tremley] cod. June 1 ; 
proved June 25, 1742. 

1742, June 22 iWalter Bernard, .. Broad Street, . . S. 1744-5 .. vice Ewer 

(29) Clothworker 1742-6 

Co. Co. Bishopsgate 1740-2 ; Deputy-Governor Irish Society 1742-3 ; Treasurer 
Sons of Clergy 1740-4 ; Master Clothworkers 1742. Died May 4, 1746 ; Will [P.C.C. 
141 Edmunds] January 15, 1740 ; proved May 14, 1746. 

1742,June30 ^Samuel Pennant, . . Bishopsgate, . . S. 1744-5, . . vice Godschall 
(July 13) Ironmonger 1742-50 M. 1749-50 

Knighted September 5, 1745 ; Co. Co. Cheap 1740-2 ; Master Ironmongers 
1743. Died May 20, 1750 ; Will [P.C.C. 170 Greenley] April 7, 1749 ; proved May 28, 
1750. 

164"'. There is a short notice of Hoare in the D.N.B. appended to that of his 
grandfather, the Lord Mayor of 1712-8. 

165. See Vol. I., p. 79, note B. 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 129 



174,S.Mar.24iC5*iEdward Gibbon, .. Vintry vice Rmi« 

(April 12) Fletch^- 1743-5 vice Kous 

^■PgPe^^-sfleia 1734-41, Soutliiimpton 1741-7. Died November 10, 1770 ; adm. December 

1743, May 9 iJoHN Blachford, .. Cripplegate, . . S. 1745-6, .. vice Williams 

(17) Goldsmith 1743-59 M. 1750 

President St. Bartliolomew's Hospital 1764-9 ; Prime Warden Goldsmitlis 1744-,5 Dlpil 
NoTCSberl2 1759** • ^'" ^^''^■'^- '*' '^'"'""^ '^'"'- September 27, 1758 ; proved 

1744, June 4 «Fuancis Cokayne, . . Cornhill, . . S. 1745-6, . . vice Salter 

(12) Farrier, translated to 1744-67 M. 1750-1 

Vintners October 9, 
1750 

President St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1759-67; elected a Colonel London Militia 1762- 

ri?4t7^^';!e7oYtt'b1r35:'ll67°'^'*" "' ''''■■ ^"' f^'-^-^- ''' I'^^-^l 0='*- 

1745, Mar. 16 joThomas .. Billingsgate,.. S. 1746-7, .. vice Sir John 

(26) WiNTEBBOTTOM, 1745-52 M. 1751-2 Bvles 

Clothworker •' 

^°S°,- ff^fl^f;^^ "^.^ (?^f"*y niS)-5; Commissioner Victualling Navy 
17D2; Colonel Yellow Regmient 1750-2; Director Bank of England 1749-52 ; Master 
Clotliworkers 1746. Died June 4, 1762 ; Will [P.C.C. 174 Bettesworth] JanuaiT 10 
1747 ; proved June 17, 1762. ■" ' 

1745, Mar. 18 ffioBEBT Alsop, .. Coleman Street, S. 1746-7, .. vice Master 

(26) Ironmoreger 1745-73, M. 1752 

Bridge 
Without, 
1773-85 

Co. Co. Queenhithe 1788-45; Auditor 1743-5; Governor Irish Society 1745-85 
(Deputy-Governor 1744-6) ; Treasurer Betlilem and Bridewell 1750-6 ■ President 
Christ's Hospital 1774-85 ; elected a Colonel London Militia 1762 ; Master Ironmonsera 
1745. Died May 24, 1785 ; Will [P.C.C. 288 Ducarel] July 1, 1771 ; proved October 6, 

1745,June20 «(d)i«'Crisp Gascoyne, Vintry, . . S. 1747-8, . . vice Gibbon 

(July 2) Brewer 1745-61 M. 1752-3 

Knighted November 22, 1752 ; Co. Co. Portsoken 1741-5 ; contested 
Southwark 1764 ; Master Brewers 1746-7. Died December 28 1761 ■ Will FP C C 
13 St. Eloy] December 20, 1761 ; proved Januai-y 4, 1762. 

1745, Sept. 27 Edward Davies, .. Queenhithe, .. S. 1747-8 .. vice Westlev 

(Oct. 8) Salter 1745-9 

Died February 11, 1749 ; Will [P.C.C. 38 Lisle] December 22, 1748; proved February 21 
1749. ' 

1745, Oct. 18 iEowABD Ihonside, . . Cordwainer, . . S. 1748-9, . . vice Billers 

(28) Goldsmith 1745-53 M. 1753 

Co. Co. Langboum 1737-8. 1739-45; F.S.A. 1753; contested Gatton 1749- 
Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1746-7. Died November 27, 1763 ; Will [P.C.C. 320 Searle] 
cod. November 26 ; proved December 15, 1763. 

1746, May 7 «(d)167Thomas .. Broad Street, . . S. 1748-9, .. vice Bernard 

(14) Rawlinbok, Grocer 1746-69 M. 1753-4 

Knighted October 28, 1760; Co. Co. Langboum 1741-4; Colonel Red 
Regiment 1762-9; Vice-President Honourable Artillery Company 1763-9; President 
St. Bai-tholomew's Hospital 1767-9 ; Master Grocers 1746-7. Died December 3, 1769 • 
Will [P.C.C. 433 Bogg] August 3 ; proved December 18, 1769. 

1746,Nov.28 wjames Hey wood, Draper Aldgate,l?46 vice Perry 

Co. Co. Bridge 1727-46 ; Auditor 1733-5 ; Deputy-Governor Irish Society 1736-6 ; 
Master Drapers 1747-8. Died July 23, 1776 ; Will [P.C.C. 317 Bellas] April 22, 1775 ; 
proved July 30, 1776. 

165.* Not April 22 as printed in Vol. I., page 214. 

166. The article on Gascoyne in D.N.B. has the rare distinction amongst those on 
London Aldermen of being free from errors in the notice of its subject ; but there is a 
slight mistake of date in the record of the Parliamentary services of his eldest son, who 
ceased to be M.P. for Midhurst in 1768 (not 1770) . 

167. The author of the article In D.S.B. writes of a re-election to the Vice-Presidency of the Honourable 
Artiilei-y Company as if it were the original election (which took place three years earlier). 



130 



Cheonolooical List of Aldermen. 



1747, Jau. 8 iSir William Smith, . . Aldgate, 
(20) Wax Chandler 1747-52 



S. 1741-2 



vice Perry 



Knighted February 21, 1744; Co. Oo. Aldgate 1722-3, 1725-8; contested 
Lyme Regis 1722; Colonel Green Regiment 1749-52; Collector Orphans' tloal Duties 
1717-52. Died March 6, 1762; Will [P.C.C. 77 Bettcswortli] Februaiy 27; proved 
March 10, 1752. 



Lime Street, 
1747-52 



S. 1749-50 



vice Willimott 



1747, Jan. 14 lo William Whitaker, 

(27) Clothworker 

Co. Co. Vintry 1730-2; Master Clothworkers 1749. Died August 3, 1752; Will 
[P.O.C. 312 Betteswortli] July 29 ; proved December 1, 1752. 

1748, Nov. 28 joStephen Theodobe . . Bread Street, . . S. 1749-50, . . vice Baylis 
(Deo. 13) Janssen, Stationer 1748-65 M. 1754-5 

Succeeded to Baronetcy February 21, 1766 ; City Chamberlain 1765-76 : 
M.P. London 1747-64 : Master Stationers 1749-51. Died April 8, 1777 ; Will [P.O.C. 
168 Collier] cod. March 26 ; proved April 22, 1777. 

1749, Jan. 19 mjSlingsby Bethell, .. Walbrook, .. S. 1751-2, .. vice Heathoote 

(31) Fishmmger 1749-58 M. 1755-6 

M.P. London 1747-58 ; Prime Warden Fishmongers 1756-8. Died November 1, 1758 ; 
Will [P.C.C. 320 Hutton] August 19 ; proved November 14, 1758. 



1749, Feb. 13 
(21) 



1749, April 7 
(18) 



1750, F6b.22 
(March 6) 



1750,May 16 
(June 12) 



1750, May 23 
(June 12) 



ii'"*MABSHB Dickinson, 
Grocer 



Queenhithe, 
1749-65 



S. 
M. 



1751-2, 
1756 7 



vice Davies 



Co. Co. Vintry 1738-43; F.S.A. 1747; M.Pr Brackley 1754-66; Cliau-man 
Committees House of Commons 1761-5 ; elected a Colonel London Militia 1762 ; Master 
Grocers 1749-50. Died February 6, 1765 ; AVIU [P.C.C. 51 Rushworth] March 28, 1751 ; 
proveil February 11, 1765. 



idOhaedes Asqill, 
Skinner 



Candlewick, 
1749-77 



S. 1752-3, 
M. 1757-8 



. . vice Bellamy 



Knighted November 22, 1752; created Baronet April, 1761; Co. Co. 
Langbourn 1744-9 ; elected Colonel Green Regiment 1762 ; Master Skinners 
1748. Died September 16, 1788 ; Will [P.C.C. 423 Calvert] cod. September 2 ; proved 
September 20, 1788. 



mRichabd Glyn, Salter 



Dowgate, 
1750-73 



S. 1752-3, 
M. 1758-9 



vice Thompson 



Knighted November 22, 1752 ; created Baronet September, 1759 ; 
M.P. London 1758-68 (contested 1754, 1768) Coventry 1768-73; President Bethlem 
and Bridewell 1755-73 ; Colonel Orange Regiment 1762-73 ; Vice-President Honourable 
Artillery Company 1770-3 (Treasurer 1763-70) ; Master Salters 1751. Died January 1, 
1773 ; Will [P.C.C. 15 Stevens] May 21, 1770 ; proved January 13, 1773. 



Thomas Chitty, Salter. . Tower, 1750-62 



S. 1753-4, 
M. 1759-60 



vice Lambert 



Knighted June 8, 1759 ; Colonel Green Regiment 1752-62 ; Treasurer Honourable 
Artillery Company 1762 ; Collector Orphans' Coal Duties 1752-62 ; Director Banlc of 
England 1765-7, 1768-61, 1762 ; Master Salters 1744. Died October 17, 1762 ; Will 
[P.C.C. 499 St. Eloy] March 20 ; proved December 22, 1762. 



Matthew Blaeiston, 
Ch-ocer 



Bishopsgate, 
1750-69 



S. 1753-4, 
M. 1760-1 



.. vice Pennant 



Knighted June 8, 1759 ; created Baronet April, 1763 ; Colonel Green Regiment 
1762-73 ; Master Grocers 1750-1. Died July 14, 1774 ; adm. same day. 



1751,June26 
(July 9) 



S. 1754-5, 
M. 1761-2 



vice Arnold 



i(D*)i<»SAMUELFLUDYEE, Cheap, 1751-68 
Tyler and Bricklayer, 
translated to Cloth- 
workers May 26, 1752 

Knighted September 19, 1755 ; created Baronet November, 1759 ; Co. Co. 
Bassishaw 1734-51 ; M.P. Chippenham 1754-68 ; contested London 1761 ; Colonel 
Yellow Regiment 1752-68 ; Du-ector Bank of England 1753-6, 1766-8, 1759-62, 1763-8 
(Deputy-Governor 1766-8). Died Januarv 18, 1768 ; Will [P.C.C. 69 Seeker] August 26, 
1763 ; proved February 18, 1768. 

167.' I have wrongly assigned Dickinson to the Whigs in my Notes on Aldermanio 
M.P.'s (Vol. I., page 307). 

168. In the original edition of D.N.B. the election for the City at which Fludyer was an unsuccessful 
candidate is misdated. 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 131 



1752, JMar. 9 Robert Scott, Cooper . . Aldgate, 1 752-60 S. 1750-1 . . vice Smith 
Died November 20, 17G0 ; Will [P.C.C. 481 Lyneli] Kovembcr 9 ; adm. December 9, 1760. 

1753,JunelO w(D)Sir Peter Warren, Billingsgate, vice 

K.B., Goldsmith 1758 " Winterbottom 

K.B. May, 1747 ; Rear-Admii-al 1745 ; Vice-Adaiiral 1747 ; M.P. Westminster 1747-52 • 
Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1744-5. Died July 29, 1752 ; Will [P.C.C. 266 BetteswortlW 
July 26 ; proved October 30, 1752. 

1752, June 25 wCd^jicsWilliam .. Billingsgate, .. S. 1755-6, .. vice 

(July 7) Beckfoed, Ironmonger 1752-70 M. 1762-3, Winterbottom 

1769-70 
M.P. Shaftesbury 1747-54 ; London 1754-70 (elected for Petersfleld 1754) ; Colonel White 
Heglment 1763-70; Treasra-er Honourable Artillery Company 1770- Master Iron- 
mongei-s 1753. Died June 21, 1770 ; Will [P.C.C. 256'jenuer] June 19, 1765 ; proved 
July 18, 1770. 

1752, Aug. 6 wJohn Porter, Salter . . Lime Street, vice Wbittaker 

{Sept. 19) 1752-6 

M.P. Evesham 1754-6 ; Colonel White Regiment 1755-6 ; Master Salters 1753. Died 
April 10, 1756 ; Will [P.C.C. 117 Glazier] April 4 ; proved April 21, 1756. 

1753,Nov.30 William Alexander, .. Cordwaiuer, .. S. 1750-1 .. vice Ironside 
(Dec. 11) Tallow Chandler 1753-62 

[Contested Lime Street 1752] 

Colonel White Regiment 1756-62; Master Tallow Chandlers 1747-8 1750-1 Died 

September 24, 1762 ; Will [P.C.C. 408 St. Eloy] April 29 ; proved October 4, 1762. 

1754, Feb. 4 iKichard Sclater, Grocer Parringdon . vice Marsball 

(12) Witbin, 1754 

Co. Co. Farringdou Within 1736 (Deputy 1741)-54; Auditor 1743-5- 
Treasurer Sons ot Clergy 1747-52 ; Master Grocers 1743-4. Died May 4, 1764 ■ Will 
[P.C.C. 150 Pinfold] July 23, 1750 ; proved May 31, 1754. 

1754, May 8 lyWiLMAM Bbidgbn, .. Farringdon .. S. 1756-7, .. vice Sclater 

(21) Cutler Within, M. 1763-4 

1754-79 

Died October 18, 1779; Will [P.C.C. 484 Warburton] September 23, 1778; proved 
December 4, 1779. 

1754, July 22 ?y William Stephenson, Bridge, 1754-74 S. 1756-7, .. vice Champion 
(30) Grocer M. 1764-5 

Knighted June 8, 1759; Co. Co. Dowgate 1742-54; Colonel Red Regiment 
1770-2; Treasurer Honourable Artillery Company 1770-3; Master Grocers 1755-6. 
Died October 24, 1774 ; Will [P.C.C. 409 Bargrave] January 10, 1772 ; proved 
November 4, 1774. 

1754, Oct. 15 ffiiohard Beckford, . . Farringdon vice Hoare 

(29) Goldsmith Without, 

1754-6 
M.P. Bristol 1754-6; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1755-6. Died January 24, 1756; Will 
[P.C.C. 59 Glazier] cod. January 7 ; proved March 4, 1756. 

1755, Aug. 12 George Nelson, Grocer Aldersgate, .. S. 1757-8, .. vice Benn 
(Sept. 9) 1755-66 M. 1765-6 

Co. Co. Queenhithe 1740 (Deputy 1747)-55 ; Deputy-Governor Irish Society 
1743-4; Auditor 1744-6; Master Grocers 1766-7. Died November 23, 1766; Will 
[P.C.C. 459 Tyndall] cod. August 19 ; proved December 5, 1766. 

1756, Feb. 9 iFranois Gosling, .. Farringdon .. S. 1757-8 .. vice E. Beckford 

(17) Stationer Without, 

1756-68 

Knighted October 28, 1760 ; Treasurer S.P.C.K. 1747-68 : Master Stationers 1756-7. 
Died December 29, 1768; Will [P.C.C. 11 .Bogg] cod. Februaiy 24, 1767; proved 
Januaiy 5, 1769. 

169. The original account in D.N.B. of the contest for the Mayoralty in 1769 betrays 
entire misapprehension of the facts and grotesque ignorance of the method of procedure 
on STiok occasions, and the amended version in the new issue shows inability to grasp 
fully the purport of the corrections supplied. The statement that Wilkes was an Alderman 
at the time of the publication of the ' North Briton ' would astonish a schoolboy of 
moderate historical attainments. Alderman Townsend's name is misspelled : ' Trewthiok ' 
is a misprint for ' Trecothiok. ' 



132 Chronological List of Aldeemen. 

1756, Apr. 15 Eobbet Kite, Skinner Lime Street, . . S. 1760-1, . . vice Porter 
(27) 1756-72 M. 1766-7 

Knighted October 16, 1760; Co. Co. Candlewiok 1747-56: Master Skinners 
1756. Died September 2, 1772 ; Will [P.C.C. 333 Taverner] August 13 ; proved 
September 11, 1772. 

1758, July 27 iNathaniel Nash, .. Castle Baynard, S. 1761-2 .. vice Barnard 

(Oct. 10) Merchant Taylor 1758-67 

Knighted November 9, 1761; Co. Co. Castle Baynard 1739; (Deputy 
1762)-58 ; Auditor 1749-61 ; Deputy-Governor Irish Societv 1782-3 ; Collector 
Orphans' Coal Duties 1762-8; Master Merchant Taylors 1759-60. Died August 28, 
1769 ; Will [P.C.C. 318 Bogg] September 24, 1768 ; proved September 11, 1769. 

1758, Nov. 3 Alexander Master, . . Walbrook, . . S. 1758-9 . . vice Bethell 
(21) Draper 1758-66 [Elected S. 1712] 

Master Drapers 1759-60. 

1759,Sept.29 John Cartwright, .. Cripplegate, .. S. 1761-2 .. vice Blaohf ord 

(Oct. 9) Fishmonger 1759-67 

Knighted November 9, 1761 ; Co. Co. Cripplegate Within 1754-9, Died 
August 29, 1772 ; Will [P.C.C. 320 Taverner] January 7, 1760; proved Septembers, 
1772. 

1760, Nov. 22 Thomas Challenor, . . Aldgate, 1760-6 S. 1762-3 . . vice Scott 
(Dec. 2) Barber 

Knighted October 4, 1762 ; Co. Co. Aldgate 1757-60 ; Master Barbers 1761. 
Died May 9, 1766 ; Will [P.C.C. 215 Tyudall] March 6 ; proved June 2, 1766. 

1761, May 5 i(D)i™Hon. Thomas .. Portsoken, .. S. 1763-4, .. vice Calvert 
(June 2) Hablky, Goldsmith 1761-85, U. 1767-8 

Bridge 

Without, 

1785-1804 

Privy Councillor May 27, 1768 ; M.P. London 1761-74, Herefordshire 1776-1802 
(contested 1774) ; Lord Lieut. Radnorshire 1791-1804 ; Colonel Yellow Regiment 
1768-89; 1st Regiment London Militia 1789-94; President St. Bai-tholomews 
Hospital 1770-1804 ; Governor Irish Society 1793-8 ; President Honourable Ai-tillery 
Company 1773-80 (Vice-President 1773) ; Collector Orphans' Coal Duties 1798-1804 ; 
Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1762-3. Died December 1, 1804 ; Will [P.C.C. 27 Nelson] 
September 11, 1804 ; proved January 3, 1805. 

1761, Dec. 30 Richard Blunt, Distiller Vintry, 1761-3 S. 1763 . . vice Gasooyne 
(Jan.26,1762) 

Co. Co. Cordwainer 1740 (Deputy 1760)-61. Died December 30, 1763; Will 
[P.C.C. 2 Simpson] cod. March 25, 1763 ; proved January 7, 1764. 

1762,S6pt.27 (Henry Bankes, Orocer Cordwainer, . . S. 1762-3 . . vice Alexander 
(Oct. 5) 1762-74 

Knighted October 4, 1762; colonel Blue Regiment 1774; President Christ's 
Hospital 1773-4; Master Grocers 1763-4. Died July 19, 1774; Will [P.C.C. 289 
Bargrave] November 12, 1768 ; proved August 3, 1774. 

1762, Oct. 21 iuSam0el Tubnee, . . Tower, 1762-75 S. 1764, . . vice Chitty 
(Nov. 2) Clothworker M. 1768-9 

Co. Co. Vintry 1744-7 ; Queenbithe 1751-7 ; Candidate for Chamberlain 1765 ; 
Auditor 1750-2. Died February 23, 1777 ; Will [P.C.C. 136 Collier] July 24, 1765 ; 
proved March 5, 1777. 

1764, Jan. 2 tyBAKLow Tbecothick, Vintry, 1764-74 S. 1766, . . vice Blunt 

(19) Clothworker M. 1770 

M.P. London 1768-74; Colonel White Regiment 1770-5; Vice-President Honourable 
Artillery Company 1773-5 (Treasurer 1773). Died May 28, 1775 ; Will [P.C.C. 253 
Alexander] June 25, 1774 ; proved June 8, 1776. 

170. The statement in D.N.B. that Harley was the first Lord Mayor of London 
since Walworth, who was a Privy Councillor, is not correct, nor did his election as 
Alderman precede, as the article implies, his return to Parliament and his admission to 
the freedom of the Goldsmiths. 



Cheonologioal List of Aldeemen. 133 



1765, Feb. 1 iy(D*)"iBRASS Crosby, .. Bread Street,.. S. 1764-5, . . vice Janssen 
(12) Musician, translated 1765-93 M. 1770-1 

to Goldsmiths May 13, 
1766 

Co. Co. Tower 1758-65; m.P. Honiton 1768-74; contested London 1774, 1784; 
Remembrancer 1760-1 ; Auditor 1763-5 ; President Honourable Artillery Company 
1780-93 ; President Betlilem and Bridewell 1782-93 (Treasurer 1781-2) ; Governor 
Irish Society 1785-93 ; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1767-8. Died February 14, 1793 • 
Will [P.C.C. 131 Dodwell] December 12, 1785 ; proved March 2, 1793. 

1765, Feb. 9 luEiohard Peers, Cloth- Queenhithe, . . S. 1767-8 . . vice Dickinson 

(19) worker 1765-72 

Co. Co. Queenbithe 1746-65 ; Master Clothworkers 1763. Died June 26, 1772 ■ 
Will [P.C.C. 231 Taverner] February 17; proved June 26, 1772. 

1766, May 13 William Oraoraft, . . Aldgate, 1766-7 vice Challenor 

(June 3) Haberdasher 

Master Haberdashers 1761-2. Died January 17, 1767 ; adm. January 31, 1767. 

1766, -June 6 i«WiLLiiM Nash, Salter Walbrook, . . S. 1767-8, . . vice Master 

(17) 1766-72 M. 1771-2 

President St. Thomas' Hospital 1769-72; Colonel Red Regiment 1772; Master Salters 
1762. Died December 31, 1772 ; Will [P.C.C. 26 Stevens] July 29, 1768 ; pro veil 
January 16, 1773. 

1766.NOV. 26 w(d)"2Thomas Hallifax, Aldersgate, .. S. 1768-9, .. vice Nelson 
(Dec. 9) Goldsmith 1766-89 M. 1776-7 

Knighted February 5, 1773; Co. Co. Langbourn 1761-6; M.P.Coventry 
1780-1, Aylesbm-y 1784-9; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1768-9. Died Pebruaiy 7, 
1789 ; adm. March 3, 1789. 

1767, Jan. 21 John Sbakespear, .. Aldgate,1767-75 S. 1768-9 . . vice Craoraft 
(Mar. 3) Broderer, translated to 

Ironmongers Septem- 
ber 20, 1768 

Colonel Blue Regiment 1774-6 ; Master Ironmongers 1769. Died May 18, 1776 ; Will 
[P.C.C. 249 Alexander] August 8, 1772 ; proved June 1, 1776. 

1767, Feb. 6 tSis, James Esdaile, . . Cripplegate, . . S. 1766-7, . . vice Cartwright 
(17) Cooper 1767-93 M. 1777-8 

Knighted October 8, 1766; F.S.A. 1787; Colonel Green Regiment 1773-89; 
Colonel 2nd Regiment London Militia 1789-93 ; Collector Orphans' Coal Duties 1768-89. 
Died April 6, 1793 ; Will [P.C.C. 198 Dodwell] January 23, 1792 ; proved April 9, 1793. 

1767, Mar. 5 ^Samuel Plumee, .. Castle Baynard, S. 1776-7, .. vice Sir N.Nash 
(17) Wire Drawer, trans- 1767-82 M. 1778-9 

lated to Goldsmiths 
April 28, 1767 
Colonel Red Regiment 1773-83 ; Vice-President Honourable Artillery Company 1776-80 
(Treasurer 1773-6); President St. Thomas' Hospital 1773-82 ; Master Wire Drawers 
1759; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1769-70. Died February 21, 1784; Will [P.C.C. 96 
Rockingham] November 28, 1782 ; proved February 26, 1784. 

1767, Oct. 14 iBsACKLEY Kennett, . . Cornhill, .. S. 1765-6, .. vice Cokayne 

(27) Vintner 1767-82 M. 1779-80 

[Contested Walbrook 1766] 
Colonel Orange Regiment 1773-82; Treasurer Honourable ArtlUeiy Company 1775-80; 
President Bethlem and Bridewell 1777-82 ; Master Vintners 1768. Died May 10, 
1782 ; Will [P.C.C. 235 Gostling] cod. May 2 ; proved May 15, 1782. 

1768, Jan. 21 wJohn Kirkman, . . Cheap, 1768-80 [Elected S. 1776, vice Fludyer 
(Feb. 2) Fishmonger l'*"^- 

M.P. London 1780. Died September 15, 1780 ; adm. November 24, 1780. 



171. Some inaccuracies In the article on Crosby in original edition ol D.N.B. are corrected in the 
revised issue. 

172. The date of knighthood suggested in D.N.B. is completely wrong. He was 
not, as the text implies, Sheriff at the date of the entertainment given to the King of 
Denmark. There is no reference to his electoral contests at Coventry. (Hallifax, though 
a moderate Whig in general politics, supported the Court in civic matters during the later 
period of the Wilkes agitation) . 



134 Cheonolooical List of Aldermen. 

1769, Jan. 27 w(d)™John Wilkes, .. Farringdon .. S. 1771-2, .. vice Gosling 
(April 24, Joiner Without, M. 1774-5 

1770) 1769-97 

City Chamberlain, 1779-97 ; (Candidate 1776 Ms, 1777, 1778) ; P.E.S. April, 1749 ; 
M.P. Aylesbury 17.57-64, Middlesex 1768-9,1774-90; contested Berwick 1754, London 
1768 ; Colonel Bucks Militia 1762-4 ; Master Joiners 1770-1. Died December 26, 1797 ; 
Will [P.C.C. 143 Walrole] May 21, 1795; proved February 3, 1798. 

1769,June23 w^James Towksbnd, . . Bishopsgate, .. S. 1763-70, .. vice Blakiston 
(July 4) Mercer 1769-87 M. 1772-3 

M.P. West Looe 1767-74, Calne 1782-7 ; Vice-President Honourable Artillery Company 
1782-4; Master Jlcrtrrs 1769. Died JulT 1, 1787; Will [P.C.C. 431 Major] December 
18, 1764 ; adm. September 12, 1787. 

1769, July 1 «)(d)"5John Sawbbidge, Langbourn, .. S. 1769-70, ,. vice Hankey 
(Sept. 26) Frameivork Knitter 1769-95 M. 1775-6 

M.P. Hytbe 1768-74, London 1774-80, 1780-95; contested Hjiilie 1774, 1784, London 1780; 
Master Framework Knitters 1770-1 ; Colonel East Kent Militia. Died Februan- 21, 
1795 ; Will [P.C.C. 211 Newcastle] September 8, 1791 ; proYed March 16, 1795. " 

1769, Dec. 8 James Eosseter, .. Broad Street, viceKawlinson 

(Jan. 9, 1770) Feltmaker 1769-73 

Co. Co. Billingsgate 1751-6 ; Candlewick 1756 (Deputy 1765)-69 ; Auditor 
176S-4. Died February 9, 1773; Will [P.C.C. 77 Stevens] June 18, 1772; proved 
February 13, 1773. 

1770, Jan. 27 John Bird, Goldsmith . . Bassishaw vice Baker 

(Feb. 6) 1770-2 

Died October 18, 1772 ; Will [P.C.C. 392 Taverncr] AprU 18 ; proved November 16, 1772. 

1770, July 4 t«(D)™Eichard Oliver, . . Billingsgate, .. S. 1772-3 . . viceW. Beckford 
(17) Draper 1770-8 

M.P. London 1770-80; Master Drapers 1770-1. Died April 16, 1784; Will [P.CC. 566 
Rockingham] April 6, 1779 ; proved October 29, 1784. 

1772,June29 i«"'Feedbbiok Bull, . . Queenhithe, .. S. 1771-2, ,. vice Peers 
(Sept. 8) Salter 1772-84 ]VI. 1773-4 

[Contested Broad Street 1769] 

M.P. London 1773-84; Master Salters 1761. Died Januarj' 10, 1784; Will [P.CC 61 
Bockingham] Januaiy 2 ; proved February 4, 1784. 

1773, Sept. 5 loJoseph Martin, .. Lime Street, .. S. 1770-1 .. vice Kite 

Goldsmith 1772 

M.P. Gatton 1768-74, Tewkesbury 1774-6; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1770-1. Died 
March 30, 1776 ; Will [P.C.C. 194 Bellas] cod. March 10 ; proved April 23, 1776. 



173. The excellent article on Wilkes in D.N.B. (one of the best in the whole 
Dictionary), has one slight inaccuracy in giving the date of his election as Chamberlain as 
December, 1779. The poll closed on November 29. Wilkes' Livery Company is not recorded, 
nor are his four unsuccessful candidatures for the Chamberlainship against his predecessor 
noticed. 

174. The omission of Townsend's name from the D.N.B. biographies is quite 
indefensible, having regard to the many less important and comparatively undistinguished 
personages who have been admitted. 

175. The D.N.B. ante-dates Sawbridge's Shrievalty by a year; hence the amazing 
blunder of saying that 'during his (Sawbridge's) Shrievalty he five times returned Wilkes 
as duly elected for Middlesex.' Sawbridge was not Sheriff at the period of Wilkes' 
Middlesex elections, nor was he in any of&cial way concerned in them ; moreover, there 
were only four (not five) such elections in 1768-9, and only three of these in the course of 
a single Shrievalty. Sawbridge's defeat in the City election of 1780, and his unsuccessful 
candidature for the Mayoralty in 1773, are both ignored. Alderman Townsend's name is 
(as usual) mis-spelled. 

176 The DN.B. writer of the article on Oliver thinks it wortli while to record his election as ' General ' of the 
Honourable Artdlery Company. This was a temporary and purely ornamental post conferred at that time 
annually on two Aldermen m strict rotation, and was held by almost (or quite) all the Aldermen whose lives 
are written In D.N.B. for the period 1710-1780, but in no other article is the fact recorded, nor 1 ave I iuclurterl 
such elections m my notes on individual Aldermen. The biographer clearly had not the least idea of tlie 
iiutiir6 01 tliG orncG. 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 135 

1772,Sept.26 w^'Watkin Lewes, . . Lime Street, . . S. 1772-3, . . vice Kite 
(Oct. 8) Joiner 1772-1804, M. 1780-1 

Bridge 
Without, 
1804-21 

Knighted February 5, 1773 ; m.P. London 1781-96 ; contested Worcester 1773, 1774 
bis, 1780, London 1796, 1802 ; Candidate for Chamberlain 1798 ; Bailiff Southwark 
1784-1817 ; Colonel Honourable Ai-tUlery Company 1781-94 (Vice-President 1780-1) ; 
Colonel Blue Regiment 1781-9 ; 4tli London Militia 1789-94, East London Militia 
1794-1803. Died July 13, 1821. 

1772, Oct. 23 JoWiLLiAM Plomer, . . Bassishaw, . . S. 1774-5, . . vice Bird 
(Nov. 3) Tyler and Bricklayer 1772-1801 M. 1781-2 

[Elected S. 1773] 
Knighted April 12, 1782 ; Co. Co. Aldgate 1765-72 ; Auditor 1771-3 ; President 
Honourable Artillery Company 1793-5 (Treasurer 1780-93). Died August 21, 1801 ; 
Will [P.C.C. 608 Abercromble] cod. August 5 ; proved September 16, 1801. 

1773, Jan. 4 ^Nathaniel Thomas, . . Walbrook, . . S. 1776-7 . . vice W. Nash 

(26) Wax-Chandler 1773-81 

Co. Co. Walbrook 1752-73 ; CoWnel Blue Regiment 1775-81 ; Treasurer BetMeni 
and Bridewell 1775-81. Died February 21, 1781; Will [P.C.C. 170 Webster] December 29, 
1779 ; proved March 23, 1781. 

1773, Jan. 5 i(D) Walter Bawliuson,. . Dowgate vice Glyn 

(26) Grocer 1773-7 

[Contested Queenhithe 1772] 
Knighted IVlarch 4, 1774 ; F.B.S. March, 1775 ; M.P. Queenborough 1774-84; 
Huntingdon 1784-90; Colonel White Regiment 1775-7; Master (Jrocers 1773-4; 
President Bethlem and Bridewell 1773-7. Died March 13, 1805 ; Will [P.C.C. 387 Nelson] 
January 27, 1803 ; proved May 18, 1805. 

1773, Feb. 12 wBenjamin Hopkins, .. Broad Street vice Eosseter 

(23) Draper 1773-6 

City Chamberlain 1776-9 ; M.P. Great Bedwin 1771-4 ; Director Bank of England 
1765-7, 1768-71, 1772-5, 1776-9 ; Master Drapers 1773-4. Died November 9, 1779 ; adm. 
November 25, 1779. 

1773 Nov 5 luEoBEBT Peckham, . . Coleman Street, S. 1777-8, . . vice Ladbroke 
(Dec. 7) Wheelwright 1773-86 M. 1783-4 

[Elected M. 1782] 
Police Magistrate Southwark 1786-1814 ; Elected Colonel White Regiment 1778 ; Master 
Wheelwrights 1799-1800. Died July 6, 1814 ; Will [P.C.C. 631 Brldport]. 

1774, July 22 wGeorge Hayley, . . Cordwainer, . . S. 1775-6 , . vice Bankes 

(29) Armourer 1774-81 

M.P. London 1774-81. Died August 30, 1781 ; Will [P.C.C. 392 Webster] March 31, 1780 ; 
proved August 31, 1781. 

1774, Oct. 29 (t)lo'ha'Ba,it, Skinner .. Bridge, 1774-6, S. 1774-5 ..vice 
(Jan 17 Dowgate, Stephenson 

■ 1775) 1777-84 

[Contested Cordwamer 1774, Bridge 1776] 
Co. Co. Dowgate 1763-74; Principal Land Coal Meter 1784-91; Master Skinners 
1775. Died September 27, 1791 ; Will [P.C.C. 79 Fountain] December 6, 1785; proved 
February 3, 1792. 

1774 Nov. 5 ^Nathaniel Newhham, Vintry, . . S. 1775-6, . . vice Trecothiok 
' (19) Junr., Mercer 1774-1809 M. 1782-3 

M.P. London 1780-90 (contested 1790); Ludgershall 1793-6 (contested 1791); Colonel 
Orange Regiment 1783-9, 6th London Militia 1789-94 ; Lieut.-Colonel Bast London 
MiUtia 1794-6 ; Colonel West London Militia 1796-1809 ; President St. Thomas' 
Hospital 1782-1809 ; Collector Orphans' Coal Duties 1804-9 ; Lleut.-Colonel Honourable 
Artillery Company 1781-94; Master Mercers 1786. Died December 26, 1809; Will 
[P.C.C. 153 ColUngwood]. 

1775 May 23 wWilliam Lee, .. Aldgate, .. S. 1773-4 ..vice 

(June 13) Haberdasher 1775-80 Shakespear 

Contested (? Brldport 1761) Southwark 1774. Died June 27, 1796. 

177. Both Bull and Lewes were sufficiently notable personages to warrant their 
inclusion in D.N.B., in which, however, they are not accorded a place. Lewes, though 
a Whig, was a supporter of Pitt's administration later. 



136 Cheonological List of Aldbemen. 



1775, Oct. 12 Hugh. Smith, Salter .. Tower, 1775-7 vice Turner 

(24) 

Master Salters 1776. Died December 2S, 1790; Will [P.C.C. 42 Bevor] November 8, 1790 ; 
proved .Jamiary 8, 1791. 

1776,Mar.l6 i(D*)iwaicHAED Claek, Broad Street, S. 1777-8, .. vice Hopkins 
(21) Joiner 1776-98 M. 1784-5 

City Chamberlain 1798-1831 ; Contested London 1781 ; Colonel White Eegimeut 
1778-89, 3rd London Militia 1789-94 ; President Christ's Hospital 1785-98 ; Treasurer 
Bethlem and Bridewell 1781-1831 ; Police Magistrate Hatton Garden 1792-8 ; Master 
Joinei-s 1811-2. Died Januaiy 16, 1831 ; Will [P.C.C. 70 Tebbs]. 

1776, May 15 loThomas Wooldridge, . . Bridge, 1776-88 [Elected S. 1776: vice Hart 
(June 18) Musician 

Contested Abingrtim 1780. Died c 1794. 

1777, May 29 tJohn Hart, Skinner .. (See 1774) vice Bawlinson 

(June 10) 

1777, July 4 wThomas Weight, . . Candlewick, . . S. 1779-80, . . vice Asgill 

(15) Stationer 1777-98 M. 1785-6 

Co. Co. Candlewick 1764-77 ; Collector Orphans' Coal Duties 1789-98 ; Master 
Stationers 1777-8. Died April 8, 1798 ; Will [P.C.C. 803 Walpole] cod. Januaiy 15 ; 
proved April 21, 1798. 

1777, Sept. 25 wEYa.nFugh, Skinner. . Tower, 1777-84 S. 1779-80 .. vice Smith 
(Oct. 7) 

Co. Co. Bishopsgate 1766-77 ; Master Skinnere 1774. Died May 13, 1787 ; Will 
[P.C.C. 234 Major] March 10, 1786 ; adm. May 24, 1787. 

1778, Nov. 28 wThomas Sainsbuey, . , Billingsgate,.. S. 1780-1, .. vice Oliver 
(Deo. 8) Bowyer 1778-95 ' M. 1786-7 

Co. Co, Parringdon Without 1762 (Deputy 1771)-78 ; Colonel Eed fiegiment 
1784-9, Btli London Militia 1789-94 ; Auditor 1776-8 ; Master Bowyei-s 1774-6. Died 
May 16, 1795 ; Will [P.C.C. 409 Newcastle] cod. April 28 ; proved June 3, 1795. 

1779, Oct. 22 Henry Kitohin, CMrHer Parringdon .. S. 1778-9 .. vice Bridgen 
(Nov. 2) Within, 

1779-86 

Master Curriers 1764-5, 1778-9. Died Pebruaiy 5, 1786 ; Will [P.C.C. 99 Norfolk] Julv 
20, 1785 ; proved February 10, 1786. 

1780, Jan. 21 John Buenbll, Glover Aldgate, . . S. 1778-9, . . vice Lee 
(Feb. 1) 1780-90 M. 1787-8 

Died January 11, 1790 ; Will [P.C.C. 4 Bishop] September 7, 1789 ; proved January 19, 

1780,Sept.20 William Crichton, .. Cheap, 1780-2 S. 1780-1 . . vice Kirkman 
(28) Fishmonger 

Vice-President Honourable Artillery Company 1781-2. Died Julv 30, 1782 • Will [P C C 
398 Gostling] May 17, 1774 ; proved August 10, 1782. 

1781, Feb. 24 William Gill, .. Walbrook, .. S. 1781-2, .. vice Thomas 

(March 6) Stationer 1781-98 M. 1788-9 

Co. Co. Candlewick 1764-81 ; Auditor 1778-80 ; Treasurer Christ's Hospital 1786-98 
(elected President 1798); Master Stationere 1780-1. Died March 26 1798- Will 
[P.C.C. 257 Walpole] cod. March 20 ; proved April 7, 1798. 

1781, Sept. 1 «ji™Barnard Turner, .. Cordwainer, .. S. 1783-4 .. vice Hayley 

(18) Musician 1781-4 

Knighted January 16, 1784 ; m.P. Southwark 1784 ; Colonel Eed Eegiment 1783-4 • 
Major Honom-able Artillery Company 1781-4. Died June 15, 1784 ; Will [P.C.C. 366 
Eockingham] Jime 14 ; proved June 26, 1784. 



178. The original edition of D.N.B. is incorrect in making Clark ' President of 
Bridewell ' ; lie never held tbat office ; he was not an alderman at the date given, and 
only aldermen were then deemed eligible for the Presidency. 

179. Turner (like Wilkes, Lewes and Townsend), though a Whig, was a strong 
opponent of the Coalition of 1788 and supported Pitt. 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 137 

1782, May 17 wWilliam Pickett, .. Cornhill, .. S. 178i, .. vice Kennett 

(28) Goldsmith 1782-96 M. 1789-90 

[Contested Cordwainer 1781] 
Contested London 1790, 1796. Died December 17, 1796; Will [P.C.C. 42 Exeter] 
Xovember 2-">, 1796 ; proved January 17, 1797. 

1782, Aug. 6 ^(d)18»John Boydell, . . Cheap, . . S. 1785, . . vice Crichton 

(Sept. 24) Stationer 1782-1804 M. 1790-1 

Co. Co. Cheap 1758-70, 1772-82 ; jtaster Stationers 1783-4. Died December 12, 
1804 ; Will [P.C.C. 1.52 Nelson] July 10, 1800; proved March 13, 1805. 

1782, Deo. 6 < John Hopkins, Grocer. . Castle Baynard, S. 1784-5, .. vice Plumbo 

(17) 1782-96 U. 1791-2 

Knighted October 12, 1792 ; Co. Co. Castle Baynard 1751 (Deputy 1765)-82 ; 
Deputy-Governor Irish Society 1781-2 ; Master Grocers 1770-1. Died October 14, 1796 ; 
Will [P.C.C. 554 Harris] cod. November 23, 1793 ; proved November 2, 1796. 

1783, Feb.28 <James San'debson, .. Bridge, 1783-98 S. 1785-6, . . vice Woolridge 
(Mar. 12) Draper M. 1792-3 

Knighted October 6, 1786 ; created Baronet November, 1794 ; m.p. 
Malmesbury 1792 6, Hastings 1796-8 ; President Betblem and Bridewell 1793-8 ; Colonel 
2nd London Militia 1793-4, West London Militia 1794-6. Died June 21, 1798; Will 
[P.C.C. 568 Walpole] April 18 ; proved August 24, 1798. 

1784, Jan. 15 John Bates, Fmteer .. Queenhithe, .. S. 1784-5 .. vice BuU 

(27) 1784-5 

Master Vlnters 1777. Died May 13, 1785; Will [P.C.C. 235 Ducarel] cod. March 2; 
proved ilay 24, 1785. 

1784,June 17 f (d)18iBbook Watson, . . Cordwainer, . . S. 1785-6, . . vice Turner 

(29) Musician 1784-1807 M. 1796-7 

Created Baronet December, 1803 ; M.P. London 1784-93 ; Commissary-General 
Flanders 1793-5, Great Britain 1798-1806 ; Director Bank ot England 1784-6, 1787-9, 
1790-3, 1796-8, 1799-1801, 1802-4, 1805-7 (Deputy-Governor 1806-7) ; Master Musicians 
1790-1. Died October 2, 1807; Will [P.C.C. 930 Lushington] cod. Februarj' 23, 1805; 
proved November 10, 1807. 

1784, Oct. 2 i(D)i82PAUL. LE Mesurieb, Dowgate, . . S. 1786-7, . . vice Hart 
(12) Goldsmith 1784-1805 M. 1793-4 

M.P. Southvpark 1784-96; Colonel Honoiu-able Artillery Company 1794-1805 {Vice- 
President 1784-93, Major 1793-4) ; Governor Irish Society 1798-1805 ; Director E.I.C. 
1784-8, 1789-93, 1794-8, 1799-1803, 1804-5; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1802-3. Died 
December 9, 1805 ; Will [P.C.C. 849 Nelson] December 7 ; proved December 24, 1805. 

1784, Oct. 2 miohard Atkinson, . . Tower, 1784-5 vice Pugh 

(12) Goldsmith 

M.P. Romney 1784-5 ; contested London 1784; Director E.I.C. 1784-5. Died May 26, 
1785 ; Will [P.C.C. 460 Norfolk] December 23, 1782 ; proved September 4, 1786. 

1785, May 14 mjThomas Skinneb, .. Queenhithe, .. S. 1783-4, .. vice Bates 
(June 14) Haberdasher 1785-1806 M. 1794-5 

[Elected M. 1799] 
Master Haberdashers 1784-5. Died JanuarS' 30, 1806 ; Will [P.C.C. 168 Pitt] cod. January 
19 ; proved PebruaiT 10, 1806. 

1785, May 31 i(D*)i'«iWiLLiAM Gubtis, Tower, . . S. 1788-9, . . vice Atkinson 

(June 14) Draper 1785-1821, M. 1795-6 

Bridge 
Without, 
1821-9 

Created Baronet December, 1 802 ; M.P, London 1790-1818, 1820-6 (contested 1818), 
Bletchingley 1819-20, Hastings 1826 ; President Honourable Artillery Company 
1795-1829 (Vice-President 1793-5, Lieut.-Colonel 1804-6, Colonel 1806-17); Collector 
Orphans' Coal Duties 1810-29 ; President Christ's Hospital 1813-29 ; Treasurer London 
Institution 1806-29. Died January 18, 1829 ; Will [P.C.C. 67 Liverpool]. 



180. Boydell is the subject of an excellent article in D.N.B. 

181. I have marked Watson t inasmuch as though he originally called himself a 
Whig (as did Pitt himself) he was a staunch adherent of Pitt throughout his administration. 
D.N.B. misdates bothhis election as Alderman and that as Sheriff, and ignores altogether 
his first election for the City of London. 

182. D. N.B. contains a short notice of Le Mesurier appended to the biography of his 
brother, Havilland le Mesurier. The article gives no indication of the date at which he 
retired from Parliament. 

18^. The D.N.B. article misdates his appointment as Colonel of the Honourable 
Artillery Company and speaks of his being ' elected at the bottom of the poll ' in 1806 — 
a singularly dubious expression. 



]38 



Chronological List or Aldermen. 



1785, 



June 3 
(14) 



iBenjamin Hammett, 
Haberdasher 



Portsoken, . . S. 1788-9 . . vice Alsop 
1785-98 [Elected M. 1797] 

[Contested Lime Street 1772] 
Knighted August 11, 1786 ; M.P. Taunton 1782-1800; JIaster Haberdasliers 1785-6. 
Died July 22, 1800 ; Will [P.C.C. 603 Adderley] March 27, 1790 ; proved August 30, 



1786, Feb. 8 
.(21) 



1786,June 16 
(27) 



1787, July 4 
(17) 



1789, Feb. 12 
(IVlar. 3) 



1790, Jan. 14 
(Feb. 2) 



1800, 

lyWilliam Newman, 
Currier 



S. 1789-90 



vice Kitchen 



Farriugdon 
Within, 
1786-1802 

Co. Go. Farringdon Without 1779-86 ; Master Curriers 1782-3, 1789-90. Died 
September) 2, 1802; Will [P.C.C. 704 Kenvon] September 11; proved September 23, 
1802. 

wGeorge Mackenzie . . Coleman Street, S. 1790-1 . . vice Peckham 
Macauley, Bowyer 1786-1803 

[Contested QueenhitUe 1784] 
Go. Go. Vintry 1774-84 ; Master Bowyers 1788-90. Died March 5, 1803. 

Samuel Swain, Upholder Bishopsgate, vice Townsend 

1787-90 

Co. Go. Bishopsgate 1784-7; Master Upholders 1787-8. Died August 30, 1790; 
Will [P.C.C. 440 Bishop] cod. August 26 ; proved September 17, 1790. 



S. 1791-2, 
M. 1797-8 



vice Hallifax 



Okeliampton 1790-1, London 1793-1806; 
Governor Eastland Company 1799-1813 ; 
Died May 21, 1813 ; Will [P.C.C. 



iJoHN William . . Aldersgate, 

Andebson, Glover 1789-1813 

Created Baronet May, 1798 ; M.P. 
President Christ's Hospital 1798-1813 ; 
Treasurer Honourable Artillery Comirany 1793-1808, 
280HeatliaeId]. 

wHabvey Ghbistian .. Aldgate, .. S. 1791-2, .. vice Burnell 

GOMBE, Brewer^^ 1790-1817 M. 1799-1800 ' 

M.P. London 1796-1817 (contested 1795); Lieut.-Colonel West London Militia 1794-6; 
Governor Irish Society 1806-17 ; Master Brewers 1804-5 ; Prime Warden Fishmongers 
1812-4. Died July 3, 1818 ; Will [P.C.C. 308 Cresswell]. 



1790, Sept. 3 
(Oct. 5) 



<(d)185Eiohabd Gabb 
Glyn, Salter 



1793,Feb.l8 
(Mar. 5) 



1793, Apr. 10 
(23) 



Bishopsgate, . . S. 1790-1 , . . vice Swain 
1790-1829, M. 1798-9 

Bridge 
Without, 
1829-35 
Knighted l^ovember 24, 1790 ; created Baronet November, 1800 ; M.P. St. 
Ives 1796-1802; President Bethiem and Bridewell 1798-1833; Master Salters 1791. 
Died April 27, 1838; Will [P.C.C. 317 McholJ. 

iStephen Langstoii, .. Bread Street, . . S. 1796-7 .. vice Crosby 
Joiner^«^' 1793-7 

Knighted October 26, 1796; Go. Co. Bread Street 1781-93 ; Deputy-Governor 
Irish Society 1788-9 ; Master Haberdashers 1793-4. Died November 5, 1797 ; Will 
[P.CC. 706 Bxeter] cod. October 23 ; proved November 21, 1797. 

loWiLLiAM Staines, . . Gripplegate, . . S. 1796-7, . . vice Esdaile 
Carpenter 1793-1807 M. 1800-1 

Knighted October 26,1796; Go. Co. Gripplegate 1783 (Deputy 1791)-93 ; 
Master Carpenters 1793-4, 1798-9. Died September 10, 1807; Will [P.C.C. 767 
LusMngton] Pebniary 10 ; proved September 25, 1807. 

iJoHN Eameb, Sa/fer .. Langbourn, .. S. 1794-5, 
1795-1823 M. 1801-2 

Knighted April 15, 1795 ; contested Ilchester 1796 ; Lieut.-Colonel West London 
Militia 1796-1803; Colonel East London Militia 1803-20; Police Magistrate 
Southwark 1814-23 ; Master Saltei-s 1805. Died March 29, 1823 ; Will [P.C.C. 406 
Richards]. 

iWilliam Lushington, . . Billingsgate, vice Sainsbury 

Merchant Taylor 1795-9 

M.P. London 1796-1802 ; Vice-President Honourable Artillery Company 1795-1804. Died 
Seirtember 11, 1823 ; Will [P.C.C. 658 Brsklne]. 

184. Also Fishmonger. 

185. Thedescriptionof Glyn's maternal grandfather in the U-.Y.??. article is Incorrect; he was himself the 
^ol-disant Baronet, not (as stated) a brother bearing the same Christian name (see G.E.C. Compiete Baronetarfe. 
Vol. II., p. 429). 

185.* Also Haberdasher. 



1795, Feb.27 
(March 10) 



1795, May 21 
(June 2) 



vice Sawbridge 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 139 



1796, Oct 19 William Heme, Fmteer Castle Baynard, S. 1797-8 .. vice Hopkins 
i^°'^- 8) 1796-1802 

Knighted January 14, 1797 ; Co. Co. Castle Baynard 1788-96. Died 
December 20, 1838 ; Will [P.C.C. 23 Vaughan], 

af^'???Qi^ mobert Williams, jun., Gornhill, .. S. 1797-8 .. vice Pickett 
(Jan. d, 1797) Goldsmith 1796-1801 . 

M.P Wootton Ba^ett 1802-7 ; Grampoimd 1808 (contested 1807) ; Killceiinv 1809-12 : 

iX'f 'S' .l^'2-3o (contested 1806); contested St. Albans 1809; Dlrekor E.I.O. 

1809-13 ; Prune Warden Goldsmltlis 1810-1. Died March 10, 18-47. 

1797, Nov 10 <Charles Hamerton, .. Bread Street, . . S. 1793-4 . . vice Langstou 

(^1) Tyler and Bncklayer 1797-1800 

*^°' ?,?,;?n'^i™o ^^""^^S I'JI^-'^l. Died Norember 1, 1800 ; Will [P.C.C. 94 Adderlev] 
July 30, 1799 : proved Xovember 18, 1800. 

1798, Jan. 1 <Chables Pbice, .. Farringdon .. S. 1799, .. vice Wilkes 

(10) Ironmonger Without, M. 1802-3 

1798-1818 
Created Baronet January, 1804 ; M.P. London 1802-12 : President St. Thomas' 
,o!S'"J,> l^^""8; > ice-President Honourable Artillery Company 1810-8 (Treasurer 
1^08-10) ; Channnan Commercial Docks Company 1810-18 ; President Commercial 
TraTCllers Society 1800-18 ; Master Ironmongere 1798. Died July 19, 1818 • Will 
[P.C.C. 429 Oresswell]. 

1798, Jan. 13 ^ohn Pebeing, .. Broad Street, . . S. 1800-1, .. vice Clark 

(23) Clothworker 1798-1831 M. 1808-4 

Created Baronet September, 1808 ; m.P. Bomney 1806-7, Hythe 1810-20 ; Treasurer 
Honourable Ai-tillery Company 1818-26 ; Police Magistrate Sonthwark 1830-1. Died 
.January 30, 1831 ; Will [P.C.C. 106 Tebbs]. 

1798,Mar.S0 i^)Thomas Cadell, . . Walbrook, . . S. 1800-1 . . vice Gill 
(April 24) Stationer 1798-1802 

Master Stationers 1798-9. Died December 27, 1802180 ; Will [P.C.C. 342 Man-iottl cod 
June 15, 1802 ; proved April 22, 1803. 

1798, Apr. 12 ^Petek Peechaed,i86* . . Candlewick, . . S. 1793-4, . . vice Wright 

(24) Goldsmith 1798-1806 M. 1804-5 

Co. Go. Candlewick 1777-98; President St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1804-6- Prime 
Warden Goldsmiths 1786-7. Died January 21, 1806 ; Will [P.C.C. 414 Pittl September 
10, 1800 ; proved May 13, 1806. 

1798,Jane25 jo(D)i87George Hibbert, . . Bridge, .. [Elected S. 1806] vice Sanderson 

(July 10) Clothworker 1798-1808 

P.E.S. May, 1811; m.P. Seaford 1806-12; President London Institution 1827-35- 
Chaii-man West India Docks 1802, 1811, 1816 ; Agent for Jamaica 1816-31. Died 
October 8, 1837 ; Will [P.C.C. 27 NichoU]. 

1798, Sept.l9 i(D)i88jAMES Shaw, . . Portsoken, . . S. 1803-4, . . vice Hammett 

(28) Scrivener 1798-1831 M. 1805-6 

Created Baronet September, 1809 ; City Chamberlain 1881-43 ; M.P. London 
1806-18 ; President St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1806-31 ; President Honourable 
Artillery Company 1829-43 (Treasurer 1810-18, Vice-President 1818-29). Died October 
22, 1843. 

1799, June 1 William CEampion, .. Billingsgate, .. S. 1798-9 .. vice Lushington 

(18) Grocer 1799 

Co. Co. Queenhithe 1780-99. Died August 9, 1799 ; adm. August 27, 1799. 

1799, Aug.l4 itiWiDLi.4M Leiqhton, . . Billingsgate, . . S. 1803-4, . . vice Champion 
(Sept. 24) Wheelwright, 1799-1821 M. 1806-7 

translated to Fish- [Contested June, 1799] 

mongers Sept. 28, 1803 
Knighted May 21, 1800. Died April 22, 1826 ; WUl fP.C.C. 276 Swabey]. 

186. This date (which is also given in the singularly accurate article in D.N.B.) is 
quite correct. Eivington (Records of the Stationers' Company) and Arber's transcript of the 
Company's Registers give au erroneous date. 

186.° D.N.B. in recording the marriage of his daughter to the nephew of Alderman Le Mesurier prints his 
name as Pochard. 

187. The D.N.B. does not name his ward or record his change of politics in later life. 

188. D.N.B. ignores his connexion with St. Bartholomew's Hospital and with the Honourable Artillery 
Company, though the former was continuous for 25 years, and the latter for 33 yeare. 



140 Chronological List of Aldermen. 



1800, Nov. 5 f John Ansley, .. Bread Street, . . S. 1805-6, .. vice Hamerton 

(18) Merchant Taylor 1800-35, M. 1807-8 

Bridge 
Without, 
1835 
Police Magistrate Soiitliwark 1830-5. Died September 23, 1845 ; adm. September, 1846. 

1801, May 29 iCHAELBS Flower," .. Cornliill, .. S. 1799-1800, .. vice Williams 
(June 9) Framework Knitter 1801-34 M. 1808-9 

[Contested Portsoken 1798] 
Created Baronet November, 1809 ; Treasurer London Hospital 1812-4 ; Master 
Framework Knitters 1801-2. Died September 15,1834; Will [P.C.C.510 Telgnmouth]. 

1801, Aug. 24 George Clark, GiYdZe?- .. Bassishaw vice Homer 

(Sept. 8) 1801-4 

Died May 21, 1809 ; adm. June 8, 1809. 

1802, May 3 Tipping Eigby, ilra^ier . . Castle Baynard vice Heme 

(U) 1802-3 

Co. Co. Castle Baynard 1775-1802. Died February 7, 1803 : adm. June 9, 1803. 

1802,Sept.l6 wThomas Smith, .. Farringdon .. S. 1805-6, .. vice Newman 

(28) Leatherseller Within, M. 1809-10 

1802-23 
Co. Co. Farringdon Within 1784-1802 ; Master Leathersellers 1812-3. Died 
April 18, 1823; Will [P.C.C. 319 Erskine]. 

1802, Deo. 29 ^Thomas Rowcroft, .. Walbrook, vice Cadell 

(Jan. 11,1803) Patten Maker 1802-8 

Died December 11, 1824. 

1803, Feb. 11 wJoshua Jonathan .. Castle Baynard, S. 1808-9, .. vice Rigby 

(22) Smith, Patten Maker, 1803-31 M. 1810-11 

translated to Iron- 
mongers September 28, 
1803 

Lleut.-Colonel West London Militia 1810-23 ; London Militia 1823-34 ; Police Magistrate 
Southwark 1823-31. Died July 15, 1834 ; adm. August, 1834. 

1803, Mar. 9 MjRichard Lea, TFeawr . . Coleman Street, vice Macauley 

(26) 1803-8 

Died December 8, 1828 ; Will [P.C.C. 26 Liverpool]. 

1803, June iSir Matthew Bloxam, . . Bridge, .. S. 1787-8 .. vice Hibbert 

10i8«* Stationer 1803-21 

(24) [Contested Langbourn 1795] 

Knighted June 19, 1800 ; M.P. Maidstone 1788-1806 (contested 1806) ; Master 
Stationers 1806-7. Died October 16, 1822. 

1804, Got. 2 i(D)™CLAUMUS Stephen Bassishaw, ., S. 1808-9, .. vice Clark 

(16) HUNTEE, Merchant 1804-35, M. 1811-2 

Taylor Bridge 

Without, 
1835-51 

Created Baronet December, 1812 ; Contested London 1812 ; Colonel West London 
Militia 1810-20, London Militia 1820-51. Died April 20, 18S1. 

1804, Dec. 12 i(D)is«)John Prinsep, .. Lime Street, vice Hantey 

(Jan.22,1805) Skinner 1804-9 

M.P. Queenborough 1802-6 ; Contested Colchester 1806 ; BallifE Southwark 1817-24 ; Master 
Skinners 1805. Died November 30, 1831 ; Will [P.C.C. 317 Tenterden]. 

188*. Not June 15 as in Vol. I., p. 61. 

189. The D.N.B. speaks of his brother-in-law (Cardinal Manning's father) as M.P. 
for Leamington, which was not a parliamentary constituency before 1885, in mistake for 
Lymington. Hunter was Colonel of the West (not East, as in D.N.B.) London Militia 
from 1810 till the amalgamation of the two regiments in 1820. 

190. A brief account, of him is prefixed to the notice of his son, Henry Thoby 
Prinsep, in D.N.B., wherein the date of his death is not given, nor is there any indication 
of the period of his tenure of the Aldermanry or of the office of Bailiff of Southwark. 



Cheonological List of Aldeemen. 141 



i^f^•o^^°.n^^ i(DPVosiah Boydell, .. Cheap, 1804-0 vice John 

(Jan.22,1805) Stationer Boydell 

Master Stationers 1811-2. Died March 27, 1817. 

1805, Dee. 12 <Gborge Scholey, .. Dowgate, .. S. 1804-5, . . vice Le Mesurier 

(24) Distiller 1805-39 M. 1812-3 

Died October 4, 1830; Will [P.C.O. 663 Vaugban]. 

1806, Jan 23 tt-John Peter Hankey, . . Candlewick vice Perohard 

(Feb. 4) Goldsmith 1806-7 

Contested London 1806, 1807. Died May 6, 1807 ; Will [P.C.C. 406 LusliingtoQ] December 7, 
1793 ; proved Maj- 23, 1807. 

1806, Feb. 1 wWililiam Domville,. . Queenhithe, . . S. 1804-6, ..vice Skinner 

(25) Stationer 1800-21 M. 1813-4 

^'^^^,t®,^S^„™^^*''^"°'''^^'-^' ^"stS'r Stationers 1803-4. Died Tebruary 8, 1833; 
WUl [P.C.C. 160 Farquliar]. 

1807, May 12 ^(d'P^Samuel Birch, . . Candlewick, . . S. 1811-2, .. vice Hankey 
(June 16) Cook 1807-39 M. 1814-5 

Co. Co. Cornhill 1781 (Deputy 1787)-1807 ; Master Cooks 1799. Died December 

10, 1841. 

1807,Sept.l4 ju(d)i!'31Iatthew Wood, Cripplegate, . . S. 1809-10, . . vice Staines 
(Oct. 27) Fishmonger 1807-43 M. 1815-7 

Created Baronet November, 1837 ; Co. Co. Cripplegate Without 1802 
(Deputy 1806)-07 ; M.P. London 1817-43 ; Contested London 1812, Grampound 1814 ; 
Governor Irish Society 1835-43; Prime Warden Fishmongers 1834-6. Died 
September 25, 1843. 

1807, Oct. 5 iCHRiSTOPHER Smith, .. Oordwainer, .. S. 1807-8, .. vice Watson 

(27) Draper 1807-35 M. 1817-8' 

Co. Go. Cordwainer 1800-7 ; M.P. St. Albans 1812-8, 1820-30; Contested East Looe 
1806, St. Albans 1818 : President St. Tliomas' HosiJitai 1818-36. Died January 20, 
1835 ; Will [P.C.C. 123 Gloucester]. 

1808, May 28 '"^'w John Atkins, .. Walbrook, .. S. 1809-10, . . vice Rowcroft 
(June 14) Merchant Taylor 1808-38 M. 1818-9 

[Contested Candlewicit 1807] 

M.P. Arundel 1802-6, 1826-32, London 1812-8 ; Contested London 1806, 1818, Barnstaple 
1824. Died October 26, 1838 ; Will [P.C.C. 677 Nichol]. 

1808, May 28 ^William Plomer, .. Coleman Street, S. 1810-1 .. vice Lea 
(June 14) Vintner 1808-12 

Knighted November 1, 1809 ; Lieut.-Colonel East London Militia 1803-10. Died 
April 12, 1812 ; Will [P.C.C. 243 Oxford]. 

1809, June 5 wSamuel Goodbehere, . . Cheap, 1809-18 S. 1810-1 . . vice Josiah 

(20) Needlemaker Boydell 

Co. Co. Cheap 1786 (Deputy 1799)-1809. Died November 18, 181-8; Will [P.C.C. 
557 Cresswell]. 

191. The D.N.B. article does not give the date of his resignation of his Aldermanry. 

192. The remark in D.N.B. that Birch was a strenuous supporter of Pitt's adminis- 
tration, though he vigorously opposed the repeal of the Test and Corporation Acts, implies 
the utterly erroneous belief that Pitt's administration was in favour of repeal. The 
original article (corrected in new issue), misdates Birch's resignation of his Aldermanry. 

193. The statement in D.N.B. that Wood was the first Lord Mayor re-elected to 
that post 'for several hundred years ' is ludicrously inaccurate : the D.N.B. itself records 
the case of Sir Thomas Pilkington less than 150 years earlier. It is equally inaccurate in 
saying that he ' was again returned by the livery in 1817, but his name was not accepted 
by the Aldermen' : in that year he was beaten at the poll by nearly two to one. Moreover 
he was not, as stated in D.N.B., the first (or even the second) person on whom Queen 
Victoria bestowed a title. His Governorship of the Irish Society is ignored. 

193*. Atkins was a Whig at the date of his election as Alderman, but joined the Tories 
a few years later. 



142 Chronological List of Aldermen. 



1809, Nov. 4 <{D)i8i'William Jacob, . . Lime Street, vice Prinsep 

(Mar. 13, Fletcher 1809-11 

1810) 

F.R.S. April, 1807; 3[.P. Weatbury 1806-7, Rye 1808-12; Contested Tarmouth 1807; 
Comptroller Corn Returns 1822-42; Treasurer Royal Society Literature 1832-8. 
Died December 17, 1851. 

1809, Dee. 29 «Chbistopheb Maqnay, Vintry, 1809-26 S. 1813-4, .. viceNevmham 
(Feb. 20, Merchant Taylor M. 1821-2 



1810) 



Master Stationers 1816-7. Died October 27, 1826 ; Will [P.O.C. 172 Heber]. 



1811, May 24 tGrEORGS Bbidges, .. Lime Street, .. S. 1816-7, .. vice Jacob 
(June 24) Wheelwright 1811-26 M. 1819-20 

M.P. London 1820-6. Died March 13, 1840 ; Will [P.C.C. 305 Arden]. 

1812, Apr. 16 wis** William Heyqate, Coleman Street, S. 1811-2, . . vice Plomer 
(May 12) Merchant Taylor 1812-43 M. 1822-3 

[Contested Cheap 1809] 
Created Baronet September, 1831; City Chamberlain 1843-4; Co. Co. 
Cripplegate Within 1809-12; M.P. SudbuiT 1818-26; Director S.S. Company 
1823-9, 1832-44. Died August 28, 1844. 

1813, May 31 jwRobert Albion Cox, . . Aldersgate, . . S. 1801-2 . . vice Anderson 
(June 15) Goldsmith 1813-26 

Co. Co. Aldersgate 1794-1800; Deputy-Governor Irish Society 1800-1; Prime 
Warden Goldsmiths 1818-9. Died June 19, 1826 ; adm. September, 1826. 

1817,Jun.l3 wJoHN Thomas Thobp, Aldgate, .. S. 1815-6, .. vice Combe 

(July 1) Draper 1817-85 M. 1820-1 

[Elected M. 1831] 
Co. Co. Aldgate 1812-7 ; Jl.p. London 1818-20 (contested 1820) ; Governor Irish 
Society 1817-38 ; Police Magistrate Southwark 1831-5. Died November 6, 1835. 

1818, July 24 «;(d)i*5Robebt Waithman, Farringdon .. S. 1820-1, .. vice Price 
(Aug. 4) Framework-Knitter Without, M. 1823-4 

1818-33 

Co. Co. Farringdon Without 1795-1818 ; M.P. London 1818-20, 1826-33 (con- ' 
tosted 1812, 1820) ; Candidate for Chamberlain 1831 ; Master Framework-Knitters 
1815-6. Died Febl-uaiy 6, 1833 ; Will [P.C.C. 265 Farquhar]. 

1818,Nov.25 Richard Rothwell, .. Cheap, 1818-21 S. 1819-20 . . vice Goodbehere 
(Dec. 15) Fishmonger 

Co. Co. Cheap 1810-8. Died July 25, 1821 ; adm. September, 1821. 

1821,Mar.lO iJoHN Garbatt, .. Bridge, 1821-32 S. 1821-2, . . vice Bloxam 

(27) Goldsmith M. 1824-5 

[Elected S. 1815] 

Co. Co. Bridge 1810-1 : Contested London 1826 ; President Commercial Travellers 
Society c 1820-32. Died February 14, 1859 ; Wiil proved March 31, 1859. 

1821, May 23 lo William Vbnables, . . Queenhithe, .. S. 1821-2, .. vice Domville 
(June 19) Stationer 1821-40 M. 1825-6 

M.P. London 1831-2 (contested 1826, 1833) ; Master Stationers 1824-5. Died July 30, 1840 ; 
Will [P.C.C. Arden 732]. 

1821, June 22 ^Anthony Beown, .. Billingsgate, .. S 1824-5, .. vice Leighton 
(July 3) Fishmonger 1821-44 M. 1826-7 

Co. Co. Billingsgate 1803-21 ; City Chamberlain 1844-53. Died Mav 16, 
1853. 

194. D.N.B. apparently confuses the date of his election as Alderman with that of 
his admission, vrhich was not in the same year, and while recording one of his two 
parliamentary seats, omits the earlier. 

194.* Heygate's Whiggism was of a very moderate type, and he became a Tory later. 

195. Here again D.N.B. confounds date of admission as Alderman with that of 
election. It also dates his election as Lord Mayor, October, 1823, whereas he was chosen 
without a contest on September 29. 



Cheonological List of Aldermen. 143 



1821, July 20 
(Aug. 28) 


^Matthias Pbimb Lucas, Tower, 1821-i8 S. 1822-3, . . vice Lewes 
Vintner M. 1827-8 




Co. Co. Tower 1797-1821 ; Deputy-Governor Irish Society 1821-2 ; President St. 
Bartholomew's Hospital ISSl-'lS ; Master Vintners 1817, 1838. Dlea January 2, 1848. 


1821, Aug. 2 


M)W^* William Thompson, Cheap, 1621-54 S. 1822-3, .. vice Rothw ell 


(28) 


Ironmonger M. 1828-9 



[Elected S. 1819, M. 1831] 
M.P. Callington 1820-6, London 1826-32, Sunderland 1833-41 (contested 1832), AVi'stmor- 
land 1841-84 ; President Clu'ist's Hospital 1829-64 ; President Honourable Artillery 
Company 1843-'!4 (Treasurer 1826-9, Vice-President 1829-43) ; Colonel London Militia 
1851-4 (Lleut.-Colonel 1835-51) ; Director Bank of England 1827-9, 1830-2, 1833-5, 
1836-9, 1840-3, 1841-7, 1847-51, 1852-4 ; Treasurer King's College 1828-54 ; Tnistee 
Patriotic Fund 1833-54; Master Ironmongers 1829, 1841; Cliainuan St. Katharine's 
Doclcs 1851-4 (Deputy-Chairman 1848-61) ; Chairman Lloyd's 1825-33. Died March 10, 
1864. 

1828, Apr. 10 m)(d)i96John Key, . . Langbouru, . . S. 1824-5, . . vice Earner 
(May 2) Stationer 1823-51, M. 1830-2 

Bridge 
Without, 
1851-3 
Created Baronet August, 1831 ; City Chamberlain 1853-8 ; M.P. London 
1832-3 ; Master Stationers 1830-1. Died July 15, 1858. 

1823, Apr. 24 John Cbowdbb, . . Parringdon . . S. 1825-6, . . vice T. Smith 

(May 2) Playing-Card Maker^^'! Within, M. 1829-30 

1823-30 
Co, Co. Parringdon Within 1800 (Deputy 1814)-23; Master Stationers 
1829-30. Died December 2, 1830 ; Will [P.C.C. 8 Tebbs]. 

1826,June27 iy(D)i^SiEPi!TEBLAnBiB, Aldersgate, .. S. 1823-4, .. vice Cox 
(July 6) Saddler 1826-61 M. 1832-3 

Knighted April 7, 1824 ; President Bethlem and Bridewell 1833-61 ; Master Saddlers 
1833-4 ; Governor Union Bank London 1829-61. Died December 3, 1861. 

1826, Oct. 28 iCHABLEsFAEEBBOTHEE, Lime Street, .. S. 1826-7, ., vice Bridges 
(Nov. 8) Vintner 1826-58 M. 1833-4 

Contested Lambetli 1835 ; Master Vintners 1835, 1852, 1856. Died March 20, 1888. 

1836, Nov. 28 tHsNBY Winchesteb, (see 1829) vice Magnay 

Cutler 

1827, Jan. 23 wEdward Archer Wilde, Vintry . . S. 1828 . . vice Magnay 

Dyer 
President Incorporated Law Society 1841-2. Died February 1, 1871. 

1829, Feb. 5 «;{D')i99-WiLniAM Tatlob Bishopsgate, . . S. 1828-9, . . vice Curtis 

(17) CoPELAND,(?oJdsmiift 1829-68 M. 1835-6 

M.P. Coleraine 1831-3, 1833-7, Stoke-on-Trent 1837-52, 1887-65 (contested 1862) ; President 
Bethlem and Bridewell 1861-8 ; President Honourable Artillery Company 1864-68 
(Treasurer 1829-43, Vice-President 1843-54) ; Treasurer King's College Hospital 1839-67; 
Treasurer Sons of Clergy 1841-68 ; Prime Warden Goldsmitlis 1837-8. Died April 
12, 1868. 



195.* Thompson was at this time a moderate Reformer, but after the passing of the 
Keform Act in 1832 he joined the Conservatives. 

196. The opening of London Bridge was in Key's first Mayoralty, not, as stated in 
D.N.B., in his second. In this article there is complete confusion between the 
circumstances of that ceremony and those of the Mayoral dinner in 1830, although in 
Mr. Welch's History of Modern Lands the events are correctly recorded. The year of 
Key's election as M.P. for London is incorrectly given, and there is no mention of the 
circumstances which brought the parliamentary career of this eminent Reformer to a 
speedy and inglorious termination. (These may be read in The Times of August 6, 1833.) 

197. Also Stationer. 

198. The D.N.B. yet again confounds date of admission with that of election. 

199. I have marked Copeland w because he was a Liberal Reformer at this period, 
and sat iu parliament as such later, a fact of which the writer of the original article in 
D.N.B. was unaware. He joined the Conservatives about 1836. The D.N.B. writer 
also dated his election as Alderman as later than, instead of during, his Shrievalty ; this, 
as well as the error as to his original politics, is corrected on my information in the new 
edition. Alderman Hughes also {see 1832) became a Conservative about the same time as 
Copeland. 



144 Chronological List of Aldermen. 



18i29, Sept.18 iHBNBY Winohesteb, . . Yintiy, 1836,.. S. 1826-7, . . vice Magnay 

(22) Cutler 1829-38 M. 1834-5 
[by arbitra- 
tion, see Vol. jf p, Maidstone 1830-1 (contested 1831) ; President St. Thomas' Hospital 1836-8 ; Master 
I., p. 215] Cutlers 1829-30. Died Marcli 8, 1838. 

1830, Deo. 9 ?(;Thoma.s Kelly, . . Farringdon . . S. 1825-6, . . vice Crowder 

(17) Plaisterer Within, M. 1836-7 

1830-55 

Co. Co. Farringdon Within 1823-30 ; Master Plaisterere 1831-2. Died September 
7, 18.50. 

1831, Feb. 7 w John Cowan, .. Broad Street, . . S. 1831-2, .. vice Perring 

(16) Wax-Chandler 1031-42 M. 1837-8 

Created Baronet November, 1837; Co. Co. Broad Street 1817-31; 
President St. Thomas' Hospital 1838-42 ; Master Wax-Chandlers 1836-8. Died 
October 22, 1842. 

1831, Feb. 10 wMichael Scales, .. Portsoken, vice Shaw 

Butcher 1831 (bis), 

1833 

Co. Co. Portsoken 1829-31; Contested London 1832; Candidate for Sherlfl 1831. 
Died August 22, 1853. 

1831, Oct. 1 lySAMUEL Wilson, .. Castle Baynard, S. 1833-4, .. vice J. J. Smith 
(10) Weaver 1831-53, M. 1838-9 

Bridge 
Without, 
1853-71 
Colonel London Militia 1854-70 (Lieut.-Colonel 1851-4) ; Upper Bailiffl Weavers 1833, 1847, 
1864. Died July 7, 1881. 

1831, Dec. 7 Michael Scales, Butcher (See Feb., 1831) vice Shaw 

1832, Jan. 3 i(j™William Hughes . . Portsoken vice Shaw 

(and sworn) Hughes, Cordwainer 1832, 

Bread Street, 

1843-8 
Took name Hughes in lieu of his patronymic Hewitt, May, 1826 ; 
M.P. Oxford 1830-2, 1833-7 (contested 1826, 1832, 1837); Sheriff Hants 1843; Master 
Cordwainers 1843-4. Died October 10, 1874. 

1832, Jan. 7 <Sie Chapman . . Bridge, 1832-59 S. 1830-1, . . vice Garratt 

(18) Marshall, Innholder M. 1839-40 

Knighted March 9, 1831 ; Co. Co. Vintry 1817-32; Master Innholders 1835-6 ; 
President Commercial Travellers' Society 1833-62. Died januai-y 9, 1862. 

1833, Feb. 18 k>(d)i™* James Harmer, . . Farringdon . . S. 1833-4 . . vice Waithman 

(26) Spectaclemaker Without, 

183.3-40 

Co. Go. Farringdon Without 1825-33 ; Jiaster Spectaclemakers 1831-2, 1843-4. 
Died June 12, 1853. 

1833,June28 Michael Scales, Butcher (See Feb., 1831) vice Hughes 

1833, Oct. 29 iTHOMAS Johnson, .. Portsoken, .. S. 1838-9, .. vice Hughes 
(and sworn) Cooper 1833-44 M. 1840-1 

[Court] 

Died September 8, 1849 ; adm. November, 1849. 

1834, June 4 iJoHN Pieie, Plaisterer Cornhill, . . S. 1831-2, . . vice Flower 

(13) 1834-51 M. 1841-2 

Created Baronet April, 1842 ; Contested London 1841 ; Candidate for Chamberlain 
1843 ; President St. Thomas' Hospital 1842-51 ; Master Plaisterers 1828-9. Died 
Februarj' 27, 1851. 

199.* Harmer (of whom there is a short biography iu D.N.B.) though marked w 
above was emphatically ' a Whig and something more.' 



Chronological List of Aldermen. 145 



1835, Jan. 29 
(Feb. 17) 


wThomas Wood, .. Cordwaiuer, .. S. 1888-9 
Framework Knitter 1835-47 


. . vice 0. Smith 




Go. Go. Cordwainer 1828 (Deputy 183!?)-85; Clerk Justices Guildhall 1848-55 ; 
Master FramewoA Knlttera 1837-8. Died June 24, 1855. 


1835, Feb. 9 
(17) 


wJohn Lainsou, . . Bread Street, . . S. 1835-6 . . vice Glyn 
Spectaclemaker 1835-48 
Contested East Surrej- 1832 ; Master Spectaclemakers 1842-3. Died June 17, 1844. 


183S, Nov. 19 


wDatib Salomons, . . (see 1847) 
Cooper 


. . vice Thoi'p 


1885, Deo. 8 
(17) 


!(;JoHN HuMPHEEY, .. Aldgate, 1835-63 S. 1832-3, 
Tallow Chandler 200 [Contested Aldgate M. 1842-3 


. . vice Thorp 



November 1835] 

M.P. Southwark 1832-52 ; Candidate for Chamberlain 1844 ; Governor Irish Society 
1843-63 ; Metropolitan Board of Works 1857-63 ; Thames Conservancy Board 1857-63 ; 
Msister Tallow-chandlers 1838-9, 1868-9. Died September 28, 1863. 

1835, Deo. 9 wJames White, Weaver Bassishaw, vice Ansley 

(17) 1835-41 

M.P. Plymouth 1857-9 (contested 1859), Brighton 1860-74 (contested 1874). Died January 
9, 1883. 

1838,Mar.21 200* William Magnat, . . Vintry, 1838-57 S. 1841-2, .. vice Winchester 
(April 10) Stationer M. 1843-4 

Created Baronet October, 1814 ; Treasurer Honourable Artillery Company 1843-57 
(Major 1845-8) ; Master Statlonera 1847-8. Died April 3, 1871. 

1838, Nov. 3 Michael GiBBS, .. Walbrook, .. S. 1840-1, .. vice Atkins 

(20) Fishmonger 1838-51 M. 1841-5 

Co. Go. Walbrook 1818 (Deputy 1832)-38. Died June 9, 1858. 

1839, Oct. 12 John Johnson, .. Dowgate, .. S. 1836-7, .. vice Soholey 

(22) Spectaclemaker 1839-48 M. 1845-6 

Contested Plymouth 1841, London 1847 ; Master Spectaclemakei-s 1833-4, 1837-40. Died 
December 30, 1848. 

1839, Dec.23 Sib Geoege Caeeoll, . . Gandlewick, .. S. 1837-8, .. vice Birch 
(Jan. 21,1840) Spectaclemaker 1839-60 M. 1846-7 

Knighted November 9, 1837 ; President St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1854-60 ; 
Master Spectaclemakers 1844-6. Died December 19, 1860. 

1840, Aug. 8 John Ktnheeslet . . Queenhithe, . . S. 1842-3, . . vice Venables 

(28) Hooper, Vintner 1840-54 M. 1847-8 

Go. Co. Queenhithe 1831 (Deputy 1835)-40; President St. Bartholomew's 
Hospital 1848-54 ; Master Tintners 1849. Died April 17, 1854. 

1840, Dee. 1 Sib James Duke, . . Farringdon . . S. 1836-7, . . vice Harmer 

(8) Spectaclemaker^^ Without, M. 1848-9 

1840-73 
Knighted April 5, 1837 ; created Baronet October, 1849 ; Co. Co. 
Billingsgate 1831-40; M.P. Boston 1837-49, London 1849-66; President Hon- 
ourable Artillery Company 1868-73 (Vice-President 1854-68) ; Master Spectaclemakers 
1840-1, 1847-8, 1849-60, 1860-1, Salters 1853-4, Loriners 1855-6. Died May 28, 1873. 

1841, May 14 Thomas Farncomb, .. Bassishaw, .. S. 1840-1, ..vice White 
(June 8) Tallow-chandler 1841-59 M. 1849-50 

Contested Southwark 1830 ; Master Tallow-Oliandlers 1845-6. Died September 23, 1865. 

1842, Nov. 4 John Musgeove, . . Broad Street, . . S. 1843-4, . . vice Cowan 

(18) Clothworker 1842-72 M. 1850-1 

Created Baronet July, 1851 ; Co. Co. Broad Street 1835-42 ; President St. 
Thomas' Hospital 1851-81 ; Master Clothworkers 1843, 1862. Died October 5, 1881. 



200. Also Clothworker. 

200.* From the accession of Queen Victoria I have discontinued the mark indicating' 
the political opinions of the Aldermen, inasmuch as from about that time politics 
practically ceased to have any weight either in their election or in their subsequent 
course of action in civic matters. In the case of many of the Victorian and Edwardian 
Aldermen their political sympathies may be inferred from the notes in Vol. I., 
pp. 294-297. 

gOl. Also Salter and Loriner. 



146 Chronological List or Aldermen. 

1843, May 31 William Hunter, .. Coleman Street, S. 1844-5, .. vice Heygate 
(June 10) Upholder 1843-56 M. 1851-2 

Go. Co, Coleman Street 1825-43; Deputy-Governor Irish Society 1842-3 ; Master 
apholders 1845-6. Died September 22, 1856. 

1843, Oct. 6 Thomas Challis, . . Cripplegate, . . S. 1846-7, . . vice Sir M. 

(17) Butcher 1843-74 M. 1852-3 Wood 

M.P. Pinsljiiry 1862-7 ; Master Biiteliei-s 1839-40. Died August 20, 1874. 

1843, Oct. 18 William Hughes Hughes, (see 1832) vice Laiuson. 

(81) CordiDainer 

1844, Sept. 26 Thomas Sidney, ffirdZer Billingsgate, .. S. 1844-5, .. vice Brown 
(Oct. 9) 1844-80 M. 1853-4 

Co. Co. Farringdon Without 1843-4; M.P. StafEord 1847-62, 1860-5; contested 
Leeds 1852, "Worcester 1867. Stafford 1869; Metropolitan Board of Works 1874-6; 
Master Ginllers 1849. Died iMarcli 10, 1889. 

18ii,&ept.27 David Salomons, .. (see 1847) vice T. Johnson 

Cooper 

1844, Oct. 21 (d)Peanois Geaham . . Portsoken, . . S. 1843-4, . . vice T. Johnson 

(29) Moon, Stationer'^ 1844-71, M. 1854-5 

Bridge 
Without, 
1871 
Created Baronet April, 1855 ; Co. Co. Broad Street 1831-44 ; Master 
Loriners 1854-6, Stationers 1855-6. Died October 13, 1871. 

1847, Deo. 6 (d)203D avid Salomons, , . Aldgate, 1835, S. 1835-6, .. vice T. Wood 

(14) Cooper Portsoken, M. 1855-6 

18M, 

Cordwainer, 
1847-78 

Created Baronet October, 1869 ; M.P. Greenwich 1861-2, 1869-73 ; contested Shoreham 
1837, Maidstone 1841, Greenwich 1847, 1852; Sheriff Kent 1839-40; Master Coopers 
1841-2. Died July 18, 1873. 

1848, Jan. 10 Thomas Quested Pinnis, Tower, 1848-83 S. 1848-9, . . vice Lucas 

(18) Bowyer M. 1856-7 

Co. Co. Tower 1833 (Deputy 1838) -48 ; Deputy-GoTcmor Irish Society 1843-4; 
Metropolitan Board of Worlss 1863-6 ; Thames Conservancy Board 1872-83 ; Master 
Bowyers 1866-8 ; Treasurer Sons of Clergy 1874-82. Died November 29, 1883. 

1848, Apr. 15 William Lawrence, .. Bread Street, . . S. 1849-50 vice Hughes 
(May 2) Carpenter 1848-55 

Co. Co. Bread Street 1832-48 ; Master Carpenters 1848-9. Died November 26, 1858. 

1849, Jan. 11 BobeetWaltebOabdbn, Dowgate, .. S. 1850-1, .. vice J. Johnson 
(Feb. 6) Giitler 1849-71, M. 1857-8 

Bridge 

Without, 

1871-S8 
Knighted July 17, 1851 ; created Baronet June, 1887 ; M.P. Gloucester 1857-9, 
Barnstaple 1880-5 ; contested .St. Albans 1850, Gloucester 1859, Jtarylebone 1861, 
Reading 1868, Barnstaple 1880 ; Master Cutlers 1863-4, 1865-6, 1876-7. Died Januaiy 
19, 1888. 

1851, Feb. 12 David Williams Wire, Walbrook, .. S. 1853-4, . . vice Gibbs 
(18) Inn}wlder^'>i 1851-60 M. 1858-9 

Co. Co. Walbrook 1832-51 ; contested Boston 1847, 1849, 1851, Greenwich 1861 ; 
Master Glrdlers 1859. Died November 9, 1860. 

202. Also Loriner. 

203. The statement in D.N.B. that ' the Court of Aldermen took proceedings in the. 
Court of Queen's Bench to test the validity of his election in 1835 ' is quite inaccurate. 
The Court of Aldermen annulled his election, and later admitted Alderman Humphery who 
had been chosen to fill the vacancy. Salomons then initiated legal proceedings in the 
form of a quo warranto calling on Humphery to make good his title, and judgment was in 
favour of the latter [see Vol. I. of this work, pp. 15, 226] . ' Lord ' Denman in 1831 is an 
anachronism. 

204. Also Oirdler. 



Cbeonological List or Aldermen. 147 

1851, Mar. 10 John Oarteb, , . . . Oornhill, . . S. 1852-3, . . vice Pirie 
(25) Clockmaher 1851-78 M. 1859-60 

Co. Co. Oornhill 1842-51; Master ClockmakerB 1857, i860, 1805. Died Maj' 8, 1878. 

1851, May 10 (D*)ao6WiLLiAM Cubitt, Langbourn, .. S. 1847-8, .. vice Sir 

(20) Fishmonger 1851-63 M. 1860-2 C. S. Hunter 

M.P. Andovev 1847-61, 1862-3 ; contested London 18G1 ; President St. Bartholomew's 
Hospitivl 1861-3 ; Metropolitan Board of Works 1856-60 ; Prime Warden Fishmongers 
1863. Died October 28, 1863. 

1853, July 4 Henry Muggeridge, . . Castle Bayuard, S. 1854-5 . . vice Key 

(12) Innholder 1853-62 

Knighted May 1, 1855 ; Co. Co. Castle Baynard 1848-53 ; Master Innholders 
1863-4. Died Jnne 27, 1866. 

1854, Mar. 25 Bichard Hartley .. Cheap, 1854-S . . S. 1855-6 .. vice Thompson 

(April 11) Kennedy, Clockmaher 

Contested Inverness Boronghs 1847 : Pli^-slcian-General Bombay Army 1842-3 ; 
President o( Ethnological Society 1856-7. Died July 24, 1865. 

1854, May 4 William Andebson . . Queenhithe, . . S. 1855-6, . . vice Hooper 

(30) EosE, Spectaclemaker™ 1854-81 M. 1862-3 

Knighted August 8, 1867 ; Co. Co. Queenhithe 1849-54 ; jr.p. Sontlmmpton 
1862-5; contested Newport (Isle of Wight) 1857, Southampton 1865; Governor Irish 
Society 1863-73 ; Colonel London Militia 1870-81 (Lieut.-Colonel 1869-70) ; Master 
Spectaclemakers 1857-8, 1877-8; Loriners 1866-7; Wax-chandlers 1872-4. Died 
Jime 9, 1881. 

1855, Sept. 19 Edward Eagleton, .. Parringdon vice Kelly 

(29) Haberdasher Within, 

1855-7 
Co. Co. Parringdon Within 1821-7, 1830 (Deputy 1847)-55 ; Chairman City 
Lands Committee 1843-4 ; Master Haberdashei-s 1861. Died October 16, 1860. - 

1855, Deo. 8 William Lawrence, . . Bread Street, S. 1857-8, . . vice Lawrence 

(18) Garpmter«" 1855-95, M. 1863-4 

Bridge 
Without, 
1S95-7 
Knighted August 12, 1887 ; M.P. London 1865-74, 1880-5; contested London 1874, 
South Paddington 1885; Metropolitan Board of Worlis 1860-3 ; Master Carpenters 
1866-7 ; Prime Warden Fishmongers 1874-6. Died April 18, 1897. 

1856, Oct. 3 (d)™8Wabeen Stormbs Coleman Street, S. 1858-9, ..vice 

(13) Hale, Tallow-chandler 1856-72 M. 1864-5 W. Hunter 

Co. Co. Coleman Street 1825 (Deputy 1850)-56 ; Thames Conservancy Board 
1857-72 ; Miister Tallow-chandlers 1849-50,1861-2. Died August 23, 1872. 

1857, June 15 Benjamin Samuel .. Parringdon .. S. 1859-60, .. vice Eagleton 

(24) Phillips, Spectacle- Within, M. 1865-6 

maker 1857-88 

Knighted December 28, 1866; Co. Co. Parringdon Within 1846-57; 
Master Spectaclemakers 1867-8, 1879-80. Died October 9, 1889. 

1857,June80 Thomas Gabbiel, .. Vintry, 1857-91 S. 1859-60, . . vice Magnay 
(July 4) Goldsmith M. 1866-7 

Created Baronet August, 1867 ; Chairman Surrey Commercial Docks Company 
1878-80 ; Prime Warden Goldsmiths 1875-6. Died February 23, 1891. 



205. The D.N.B. does not mention his resignation of his Aldermanic seat, leaving it 
to be inferred that he remained an Alderman till his death. It also ignores his re-election 
as President of St. Bartholomew's after his withdrawal from the Court of Aldermen, which 
was the subject of litigation on which judgment was not given till nearly three years after 
his death. 

206. Also Clothworker, Wax-Chandler and Loriner. 

207. Also Fishmonger. 

208. The date of Hale's first election to the Common Council was a year earlier 
than as stated in D.N.B. 



148 Chronological List of Aldeemen. 

1858, Mar. 11 William Peekeley .. Cheap, 1858-77 S. 1857-8, .. vice Kennedy 
(30) Allen, Stationer M. 1867-8 

Treasurer Honourable Artillery Company ]86o-77. Died May 22, 1877. 

1858, Apr. 7 (D)™iJ"ohn Joseph Mechi, Lime Street, . . S. 1856-7 ..vice 

(27) Loriner 1858-66 Farebrother 

Master Lorlners 1860-3. Died December 26, 1880. 

1859, Apr. 16 Edward Oonder, .. Bassishaw, .. S. 1858-9 .. vice Farncomb 
(May 3) Wheelwright 1859-64 

Co. Co. Walbrook 1838 (Deputy 1854)-59 : Master Wheelwrights 1837-8, 1858-9. 
Died Janiiiuy 12, 1865. 

1859, Oct. 6 James Abbiss, Blacksmith Bridge, 1859-67 S. 1860-1 . . vice Marshall 
(18) 

Prime Warden Blacksmiths 1863-5. Died July 7, 1882. 

1860,Nov.23 James Clabkb .. .. Walbrook, .. S. 1862-3, .. vice Wire 
(Dec. 4) Lawrence, Carpenter^^" 1860-97, M. 1868-9 

Bridge 
Without, 
1897 

Created Baronet December, 1869; M.P. Lamlieth 1865, 1868-85; contested 
LambPlh 1865, Kortli Lamhinh 1885, West Carmarthenshire 1886 : President Bethlem 
and Bridewell 186.S-97 ; JIaster Carpenters 1860-1 ; Prime Warden Fishmongers 
1888-9. Died May 21, 1897. 

1861, Jan. I Thomas Dakin, . . .. Candlewick, .. S. 1864-5, ., vice Carroll 
(15) Spectaclemalcer^^^ 1861-89 M. 1870-1 

Knighted April 22, 1872 ; Co. Co. Candlewick 1842 (Deputy 1854)-61 ; 

contested Thetford 1865 : Deputy-Governor Irish Society 1850-1 ; Thames Conservancy 
Board 1867-61, 1863-89; Mastei- Spectaclemakera 1865-6, 1876-7; Prime Warden 
• Plshmongers.1883-4. Died May 24, 1 889. 

1861, Dec. 13 "Robert Besley, iormer Aldersgate, .. S. 1864-5, .. vice Laurie 

(21) 1861-76 M. 1869-70 

Co. Co. Aldersgate 1854-61 ; Master Loriners 1865-6. Died December 18, 1876. 

1862,Mar. 13 Sills John Gibbons, Castle Baynard, S. 1865-6, ..vice 

(22) Salter 1862-75 M. 1871-2 Muggeridge 

Created Baronet March, 1872 ; Co. Co. Castle Baynard 1858-62 ; contested 
London 1868; Metropolitan Board o( Works 1868-71 ; Master Salters 1863-4, 1874-5. 
Died January 11, 1876. 

1863, Jan. 30 Sydney Hedley .. Langbourn, .. S. 1866-7, .. vice Cubitt 

(Feb. 17) Waterlow, Stationer'^^-- 1863-83 M. 1672-3 

Knighted August 3, 1867; Created Baronet July, 1873; K.C.V.O., 
November 1902; Co. Co. Broad Street 1857-63 ; M.P. Dumfrieshire 1868-9 
(contested 1869), ilaidstone 1874-80 (contested 1880), Gravesend 1880-5; contested 
Soutliwark 1870, Mid-Kent 1885; Governor Irish Society 1873-83; Treasurer 
St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1874-92 ; Candidate for London School Board 
(Jlarvlebone) 1870; ilaster Stationers 1872-3; Deputy-Chairman Ij.C. and D, 
Railway 1874-99. Died August 3, 1906. 

1863, Oct. 8 Andrew Lusk Aldgate, . . S. 1860-1, . . vice Humphery 

(20) Spectaclemaker^^'^ 1863-92, M. 1873-4 

Bridge 
Without, 
1892-5 
Created Baronot August, 1874 ; Co. Co. Aldgate 1857-63 ; M.P. Finsbury 
1865-85 ; Thames Conservancy Board 1864-5, 1870-1 ; Master Spectaclemakers 1869-71, 
1891 ; Prime Warden Fishmongers 1887-8. Died June 21, 1909. 

209. The name of his Ward is omitted in D.N.B., in the first edition of which is a 
sentence of weird syntax which, grammatically construed, implies that 'his affairs' 
were ' worn out with diabetes.' 

210. Also Fishmonger. 

211. Also Fishmonger. 

212. Also Clothioorker. 
§13. Also Fishmonger^ 



Cheonolouical List of Aldbembn. 149 



1864,Mar.22 David Henry Stone, . . Bassishaw, .. S. 1867-8, . . vice Conder 
(Aprils) Spectaclemaker'^^ 1861-90 M. 1874-5 

Treasurer St. Thomas' Hospital 1877-90; Treasurer Honourable Artillery Company 
:880-90 ; Metropolitan Board of Works 1866-8, 1871-4, Treasurer Sons of Clergy 
1882-90; Master Spectaclemakei-s 1868-9, Haberdashers 1872-3, Tallow-Cliandlers 
IB71-2, 1876-7, Coopers 1874-6. Died February 26, 1890. 

1866, Aug. 13 William James Eich- Lime Street, .. S. 1868-9, .. vice Mechi 
(Sept. 25) MONO Cotton, 1866-88, M. 1875-6 

Haberdasher^^^ Bridge 

Without, 
1B88-92 
Knighted July 5, 1892 ; City Chamberlain 1892-1902 ; ir.P. London 1874-86; 
contested Southwark; 1868, London 1885 ; I,ondon School Board (City) 1870-9 ; 
Thames Conservancy Board 1889-92 ; Master Haberdashers 1874-6, Saddlers 1875-6, 
1880-1, Turners 1891-3. Died June 4, 1902, 

1867,Sept.30 Joseph Causton, S7aTO7«»- Bridge, 1867-71 S. 1869-70 . . vice Abbiss 
(Oct. 22) [Contested Clieap 18D8] 

Knighted December 11, 1869 ; Co. Co. Billingsgate 1848-67 ; Master 
Skinners 1861. Died May 27, 1871. 

1868, Apr. 27 Thomas Scambleb .. Bishopsgate, .. S. 1870-1, .. vice Copeland 
(May 12) Owdej^, Innholder'^^* 1868-89 M. 1877-8 

Knighted November 27, 1878 ; Co. Co. Bishopsgate 1846 (Deputy 
1862)-68 ; Master Innliolders 1853-4, Loriners 1882. Died January 9, 1889. 

1871, Apr. 14 Thomas White, .. Portsoken, .. S. 1872-3, .. vice Wilson 

(25) Feltmaker 1871-83 M. 1876-7 

Knighted August 4, 1873. Died March 8, 1883. 

1871, June 12 Charles Whetham, .. Bridge, 1871-85 S. 1873-4, .. vice Causton 
(27) Leatherseller M. 1878-9 

Knighted August 6, 1874; Co. Go. Bridge 1843 (Deputy 1865)-71 ; contested 
Bridport 1875; Metropolitan Board of Works 1883-4; Thames Conservancy Board 
1883-5 ; Chairman London & Blackwall Railway Company 1870-85 ; Master Leather- 
sellers 1873-4. Died September 4, 1886. 

1871,Nov.ll Francis Wyait .. Dowgate, .. S. 1871-2, .. vice Moon 

(Dec. 5) Trubcoti, Stationer'^^ 1871-95 M. 1879-80 

Knighted March 14, 1872 ; Co. Co. Dowgate 1859-71 ; contested Dudley 
1865, Gravesend 1880 ; Chairman City Lands Committee 1863-4 ; Deputy-Governor 
Irish Society 1867-8 ; MetrdpoUtan Board of Worlis 1875-9, 1888-9 ; Thames Conservancy 
Boai-d 1886-95; Master Stationers 1879-80, 1887-8, Vintners 1880-1, 1892-3, 
Haberdashei-s 1883-4. Died March 3, 1896. 

1872, Sept. 3(d) William McArthub, . . Coleman Street, S. 1867-8, . . vice Hale 

(17) Spectaclemaker 1872-87 M. 18S0-1 

K.C.M.G. November, 1882 ; M.P. Lambeth 1868-86 ; contested Pontefract 18ii5, 
West Newington 1885 ; Master Spectaclcmakers 1876-6, 1880-1. Died November 16, 
1887. 
1872 Oct 8 John Whittakeb Ellis, Broad Street, . . S. 1874-5, .. vice Musgrove 
(22) Merchant Taylor 1872-1909 M. 1881-2 

Created Baronet May, 1882; Co. Co. Broad Street 1864-72; M.P. Mid- 
Surrey 1884-6, Surrey (Kingston Division) 1885-92 ; Slierift Siu-rey 1899 ; Goveruor 
Irish Society 1883-93 ; Master Merchant Taylors 1884-6. Died September 20, 1912. 

1873, JunelO James Piggins, Stationer Farringdon . . S. 1865-6 . . vice Duke 
(July 1) Without, 

^ •^ 1373-82 

Co. Co. Parringdon Without 1863-68 ; M.P. Shrewsbury 1868-74 (contested 1874) ; 
Metropolitan Board of Works 1879-81 ; Master Stationers 1880-1. Died June 12, 1884. 

1878 Aug 1 John Paterson, Baker . . Cordwainer, . . S. 1870 . . vice Salomons 

(Sept. 16) 1873-5 

Co. Co. Aldersgate 1863-73 ; Master Bakers 1874-6. Died October 8, 1875. 



214. Also Haberdasher, Tallow-Chandler and Cooper 

215. Also Saddler, Turner and Fanmaker. 
215.* Also Loriner. 

216. Also Haberdasher ani Vintner. 



150 



Chronological List ov Aldermen. 



1874, Aug.31 
(Sept. 15) 



1875,Sept.25 
(Nov. 8) 



1875, Oct. 20 
(Nov. 8) 



1876 Dec. 24 
(Jan. 16,1877) 



Henry Edmund Knight, Cripplegate, . . S. 1875-6, . . vice Challis 
Spectaclemaker,^" trans- 1874- M. 1882-3 

lated to Fishmongers 
January 8, 1887 

Knighted December 31, 1883; Co. Co. Cripplegate Within 1867-74; 
contested West Marylebone 1885 ; Candidate for London School Board (City) 1870; 
Master Fruiterers 1879-80, Lorlners 1882-3. 

Simeon Charles Hadley, Castle Baynard, S. 1876-7 .. vice Gibbons 
Baker''^^ 1875-84 

Co. Co. Castle Baynard 1862-4, 1866-75 ; Metroiiolitan Board of Works 1881-3 ; 
Master Bakers 1888-9, Broderers 1877-9, 1883-4. Died May 16, 1890. 



GEOBaB Swan Nottaqe, 
S pectaclemaker^^^ 



Cordwainer, 
1875-85 



1877, June i 
1877, Augustll [■ 
1877, October 3 



Master Carpentei-s 1884-5. Died Aprii 11, 1885. 

John Staples, . . Aldersgate, 

LeatherselUr^^o 1876-88 

K.C.M.G. November, 1886; Co. Go. 
Board of Works 1884-5, 1886-8 ; Master 
Died Januai-J' 16, 1888. 

] (D*)^^ Sir John Bennett, Cheap, 1877 . 



S. 1877-8, . 
M. 1884-5 
[Eiected S. 1876] 



vice Paterson 



. S. 1877-8, . . vice Besley 
M. 1885-6 

Aldersgate 1865-76 ; Metropolitan 
Leathersellers 1885-6, Pewterers 1876-7. 



S. 1871-2 



vice Allen 



Spectaeleryiaker^^ [Contested Cordwainer 1873, 1875] 



1877, Oct. 23 
(and sworn) 
[Court] 



1878, May 21 
(June 3) 



1880, 



July 2 
(13) 



Knighted IMarch 14, 1872 ; Co. Co. Cheap 1860-88 (Deputy 1874-7) ; contested 
Greenwich 1873, Maldon 1874, Wilts (Cricklade Division) 1886 ; London School Board 
(City 1B72-3, 1876-9, Southwark 1885-8, contested City 1873, 1879, 1882) ; Master 
Lorlners 1877-8. Died July 3, 1897. 

Edgar Brefat, Cooper . . Cheap, 1877-82 S. 1875-6 . . vice Allen 

Co. Co. Dowgate 1865 (Deputy 1874)-77 ; Master Coopers 1880-1. Died October 
18, 1882. 

(d) RoBEBT Nicholas.. Cornhill, .. S. 1880-1, .. vice Carter 
PowLEE, Spectacle- 1878-91 M. 1883-4, 

maker^'^' 1885 

Created Baronet July, 1885; JI.P. PeniTn 1868-1874 (contested 1866, 1874), London 
1880-91 (contested 1865) ; Metropolitan Board of Works 1885-6 ; Treasurer University 
College, London 1887-91 ; Master Spectacleniakers 1871-3; Saltei-s 1885-6; Lorlners 
1886-7. Died May 22, 1891. 

Reginald Hanson, . . Billingsgate, . . S. 1881-2, . . vice Sidney 
Merchant Taylor'^-^ 1880-1905 IM. 1886-7 

Knighted June 29, 1882 ; created Baronet June, 1887 ; Co. Co. 
Billingsgate 1873-80; M.P. London 1891-1900; London School Board (City), 
1882-6; London County Council (West Marylebone), 1889-92 ; Hon. Colonel London 
Militia (itli Battn. Royal Puslliers), 1882-1905 ; Thames Conservancy Board 1892-7, 
1898-1905; Treasurer Sons of Clergy 1890-1905; Cliah-man London Chamber of 
Commerce 1886-7 ; Master Merchant Tayloi-s 1889-90, Shipwrights 1883-4, Spectacle- 
makers 1899-1900. Died April 19, 1906. 



217. Also Fruiterer and Loriner. 

218. Also Broderer. 

219. Also Carpenter. 

220. Also Pewterer. 

221. In the original edition of D.N.B. Bennett's periods of service on the London 
School Board are entirely misdated. The new issue omits his last period (1885-8). The 
account of the proceedings in the Court of Aldermen which elected ]Mr. Bref&t is 
misleading. The Court did not adopt the course of declaring ' his opponent duly elected 
despite the far inferior number of votes cast in its favour.' Such a procedure would have 
been quite illegal. What the Court did was to exercise its prescriptive right (established 
by a judicial decision in Scales' case), of filling the vacancy caused by the fact that the 
Ward had thrice neglected to return a person whom the Court hereto adjudge suitable to 
hold the office of Alderman. This it did (a week later than its final rejection of Bennett), 
by its own election, without any regard to the fact that Mr. Bref&t had been a 
candidate at the preceding polls. 

222. Also Loriner. 

222.* Also Salter and Loriner. 

223. Also Spectaclemaker and Shipwright. 



Cheonolouical List of Aldeembn. 151 



1881,June22 John Walker, Sp«ciacZe- Queenhithe, .. vice Kose 

(July 5) maker 1881-2 

Go. Co. Queenhithe, 1863-81. Died September "18, 1883. 

1882, May 9 Polydoee de Kkyskb, Farringdon . . S. 1882-3, . . vice Figgins 
(June 27) Spectaclemaker^ Without, M. 1887-8 

1882-92 
Knighted December 4, 1888; Go. Co. Farringdon Without 1868-74, 
1877-82 ; Master Spectaclemakers 1891-2 ; Poulters 1891-2. Died Januiiry 14, 1898. 

1882,Sept.29 Herbert Jameson .. Queenhithe, .. S. 1880-1 .. vice Walker 

(Oct. 17) Waterlow, Stationer^ 1882-7 

[Contested Farringdon Witliout 1882] 

1882, Oct. 31 James Whitehead, . . Cheap, 1882-96 S. 1884-5, . . vice Breffit 
(Nov. 8) Fanmaker^ M. 1888-9 

Created Baronet, November, 1889 ; M.P. Leicester 1892-4 ; contested North 
Westmorland 1886, 1886; Sheriff County London 1890 ; Master Fanmakers 1884-5, 
Fruiterers 1890-2. 

1883,Mar.21 Heney Aaeon Isaacs, Portsoken, .. S. 1886-7, vice White 

(April 17) Loriner'^'' 1883-91 M. 1889-90 

Knighted August 5, 1887 ; Go. Co. Aldgate 1862-83 ; Chairman City Lands 
Commission 1869-70 ; Master Loriners 1880-1, 1896. Died August 2, 1909. 

1883,Sept.21 Joseph Savoey, . . Langbourn, . . S. 1882-3, . . vice Sir S. 

(29) GoldsmkW-^ 1883-98, M. 1890-1 Waterlow 

Bridge 
Without, 
1898- 
Greated Baronet September, 1891 ; M.P. North Westmorland 1892-1900 (contested 
1900) ; London School Board (City) 1890-4 (candidate 1888) ; Master Shipwrights 
1901-2, Clockmakers 1888-9, 1890-1, 1911-2, Gardeners 1891-2, Poulters 1886-8. 

1883, Deo. 12 Edward James Gray, . . Tower, 1883-91 S. 1888-9 . . vice Finnis 

(20) Clothworker^^ 

Co. Go. Tower, 1881-3. Died May 7, 1892. 

1884, June 19 David Evans, .. .. Castle Baynard, S. 1885-6, . . vice Hadley 
(July 10) Haberdasher'^ 1884-1907 M. 1891-2 

K.C.M.G. July, 1892; Co. Co. Cordwainer 1874-84; Thames Conservancy 
Board 1905-7 ; Master Haberdashers 1895-6, Broderers 1896-7, 1905-6. Died August 
14, 1907. 

1885, Apr. 24 Phineas Cowan, .. Cordwainer, S. 1883-4 . . vice Nottage 
(May 12) Broderer^^ 1885-92 

^ [Contested Tower 1883] 

Contested Tower Hamlets (Whitechapel) 1885 ; Master Gold and Silver Wyre Drawers 
1895-8. Died October 22, 1899. 

1885,Sept.l8 Stuaet Knild, . . .. Bridge, 1885-97, S. 1889-00, . . vice Whetham 
(29) Goldsmith^'' Bridge M. 1892-3 

Without, 
1897-8 
Created Baronet August, 1893; Thames Conservancy Board 1895-8; Master 
Plumbers 1886-7, 1892-5. Died November 19, 1898. 



224. Also Butcher, Innholder, Poulter and Gold and Silver Wyre Draioe'r. 

225. Also Butcher. 

226. Also Fruiterer and Shipwright. 

227. Also Gold and Silver Wyre Drawer. 

228. Also Poulter, Shipwright, Clockmaker and Gardener. 

229. Also Gold and Silver Wyre Drawer and Glover. 
2:-50. Also Broderer and Gold and Silver Wyre Drawer. 

231. Also Gold and Silver Wyre Drawer. 

232. Also Plumber and Gold and Silver Wyre Drawer. 



152 Chronological List of Aldermen. 

1887,Mar.22 George Robbet Tyleb, Queechithe, .. S. 1891-2, .. vice H. J. 
(April 19) Stationer-^^ 1887-97 M. 1893-4 Waterlow 

Created Baronet July, 1894 ; Co. Go. Queenhithe 1877 (Deputy 1886)-87 ; 
Master Stationers 1893-4, 1895. Died November 26, 1897. 

1887, Nov. 26 James Ebenezer .. Coleman Street .. vice MoArthur 

(Deo. 6) Saunders, Fishmonger'^ 1887-8 

Go. Co. Coleman Street, 1856 (Deputy 1875)-87; contested Greenwich 1880, 
Kent (Dartford Division) 188.5, 1886 ; Metropolitan Board of Works 1863-88 ; London 
Scliool lioard (Greenwich) 1876-85 ; Master Sliiijwriglits 1884-5, Wheeiwriglits 1873-4, 
1892-3. DiedNovember 24, 1909. 

1888, Jan. 26 Joseph Rbnals, .. Aldersgate, .. S. 1892-3, .. vice Staples 
(Feb. 14) Spectaclemaker^^ 1888-1907 M. 1894-5 

Knighted July 14, 1893; created Baronet September 1895; Co. Go. 
Aldersgate 1885-88 ; Master Fruiterera 1895-6. Died November 1, 1907. 

1888, Feb. 3 Walter Hehby Wilkin, Lime Street, . . S. 1892-3, .. vice Garden 

(14) Brodercr'^'^ 1888- M. 1895-6 

Knighted July 14, 1893, K.G.M.G., November, 1896; Co. Co. Lime 
Street, 1876-88; Tliames Conservancy Board 1898-1909; Master Broderers 
1895-6, Barbel's 1885-6, Coaclnnakers 1895-6. 

1888, May 7 Geoeqe Paudel . . Parringdon . . S. 1884-5, . . vice Phillips 

(15) Phillips, Spectacle- Within, 1888- M. 1896-7 
malcer'^'' 1912 

[Contested Cordwainer 1885] 

Took name Paudel- Phillips December 23, 1895 ; created Baronet 

August, 1897; G.C.I.B. October, 1897; contested West Herts 1886; 

Slierilf County London 1896; Sliertfl Herts 1900; President Betlilem and Bridewell 

1897-1912 ; Governor Irisli Society 1893-1906 ; Master Spectaclemakers 1893-4, 1896-7. 

1888, Deo. 6 Ewdard Hart, Loriiier'^ Coleman Street, vice Saunders 

(18) 1888-94 

Co. Co. Coleman Street 1863 (Deputy 1887) -88; Chairman City Lands 
Committee 1874-5 ; Master Lorinera 1884-5, Butchers 1884-5. Died November 
28, 1894. 

1889, Jan. 22 Horatio David Davies, Bishopsgate, . . S. 1887-8, . . vice Owden 
(Feb. 4) Si)e^tocZemafcer2»3 1889-1912 M. 1897-8 

K.C.M.G. November, 1898; Co. Co. Cheap 1885-89; m.P. Rochester 1892-3, 
Cliathara 1895-1906 ; Master Spectaclemakers 1892-3, 1897-8, Shipwrights 1902-3, 
Lorlners 1907-8. Died September 18, 1912. 

1889, June 3 John Voce Moore, . . Gandlewick, . . S. 1893-4, . . vice Dakin 

(17) Loriner^^o 1889-1902 M. 1898-9 

[Contested Bridge 1885] 
Knighted July 13, 1894; Co. Co. Gandlewick 1870-89; Master Lorinei-s 
1894-6. Died February 12, 1904. 

1890, Mar.l2 Alfred James Newton, Bassishaw, . . S. 1888-9, . . vice Stone 

(25) Famnaker^^ 1890- M. 1899-1900 

Created Baronet May, 1900 ; contested West Southwarii; 1900; Governor Irish 
Society 1906- ; Master Fanniakers 1899-1900, Ghrdlers 1898-1900, Framework Knitters 
1896-6. 

233. Also Oold and Silver Wyre Drawer. 

234. A-lso Painter- Stainer, Currier, Blacksmith, Shipwright, Needlemaker and 

Wheelwright, 

235. Also Fruiterer, Framework-knitter and Gold and Silver Wyre Drawer. 

236. Also Barber and Coachmaker. 

237. Also Coachmaker. 

238. Also Butcher. 

239. Also Loriner, Shipwright, and Oold and Silver Wyre Drawer. 

240. Also Framework Knitter. 

241. Also Girdler, Cooper, Turner, Loriner, Framework Knitter, Shipwright, 

Spectaclsmaker, and Oold and Silver Wyre Drawer. 



Cheonologioal List of Aldermen. 



153 



1891, Mar. 9 Prank Green, Glazier^^ Vintry, . . S. 1897-8, . . vice Gabriel 

(20) 1891-1902 M. 1900-1 

Created Baronet November, 1901; Co. Co. Vintry 1878 (Deputy 1889)-91 ; 
Deputy-Governor Irish Society 1886-7 ; Chairman City Lands Committee 1888-9 ; 
Master Glazlera 1890-1. Died December 3, 1902. 



1891, June 5 
(16) 



Joseph CocKPiELD .. Cornhill, .. S. 1893-4, .. vice Fowler 
DiMsfiALB, Orocer 1891-1902 M. 1901-2 

Knigbted July 13, 1894; created Baronet July, 1902; K.C.V.O. 
November, 1902 ; Privy Councillor December 16, 1902 ; City 
Chamberlain 1902-1912; JI.P. London 1900-6; London County Council (City) 
1895-1901 ; Master Grocere 1885-6, 1911-2 Died August 10, 1012, 



1891, June 23 
(July 7) 



Makcus Samuel, 
Specta c lemaker^^ 



Portsoken, 
1891- 



S. 1894-5, 
M. 1902-3 



vice Isaacs 



Knigbted August 6, 1898 ; created Baronet August, 1903 ; Master Spectacle- 
makei-s 1902-3, Gardenera 1902-3. 



1891, Aug. 25 
(Sep. 29) 



1892, Feb. 19 
(Mar. 1) 



James Thomson . . Tower, 1891- . . S. 1896-7, . . vice Gray 

Hitcbie, Shipwright'ii 1912 M. 1908-4 

Knighted August 18, 1897 ; created Baronet December, 1903 
London 1902 ; Thames Conservancy Board 1907-1912 ; 
September IS, 1912. 

John PoDKD, .. .. Aldgate, .. S. 1895-6, .. vice Cotton 

Lcatherseller'^ 1892- M. 1904-5 



contested 
Master Bakers 1903-4. Died 



Created Baronet July, 1905 ; Co. Co. Aldgate 1869-92 ; 
1893-4, 1903-4; Fruiterers 1901-2; Fanmakers 1891-2. 



Master Leathersellers 



1892, May 9 Walter Vaughan . . Cordwainer, . . S. 1900-1, . . vice Cowan 
(18) Morgan, Gutler^'^ 1892- M. 1905-6 

Created Baronet July, 1906; Treasurer Christ's Hospital 1891-1910; Treasurer 
Sons of Clergy 1905- ; Master Cutlers 1911-2. 



1892, June 7 William Purdie 

(16) Treloar, Loriner^" 



Farringdou 
Without, 
1892- 



S. 1899-1900, 
M. 1906-7 



vice de Keyser 



Knighted March 29, 1900; created Baronet July, 1907; Co. Co. 
Farringdon Without 1881-92 ; Master Loriners 1900-1, Butchers 1909-10. 



1894, Apr. 25 
(May 8) 



S. 1901-2, 
M. 1907-8 



vice Hart 



John Charles Bell, . . Coleman Street, 
.Fan«MA:er,2<8 translated 1894- 
to Haberdashers May 
14, 1907 

Knigbted October 20, 1902 ; created Baronet July, 1908 ; Co. Co. Coleman 
Street 1882-94 ; Deputy-Governor Irish Society 1890-1 ; Master Fanmakers 
1897-8, Glovers 1892-3, 1899-1900, 1907-8. 



S. 
M. 



1902-3, 
1908-9 



vice 

Sir F. Truscott 



1895, Mar.18 George WtattThuscott, Dowgate, 1895- 
(28) Stationer^ 

Knighted December 18, 1902; created Baronet July 1909; Co. Co. 
Dowgate 1882-94 ; Master Stationers 1901-2 ; Musicians 1908-9 ; Haberdashers 
1911-2. 



242. Also Stationer. 

248. Also Gardener. 

244. Also Baher. 

245. Also Fruiterer and Fanmaker. 

246. Also Loriner. 

247. Also Butcher. 

248. Also Loriner, Glover, Innholder and Spectaclemaker. 

249. Also Haberdasher, Vintner and Musician. 



154 



Chronological List oe Aldermen. 



1895, Oct. 10 
(23) 



1896, May 13 
(June 9) 



Frederick Prat Alliston, Bread Street, S. 1898-9 . . vice Lusk 
Gordwainet^o 1895-1908 

Knighted November 9, 1908; Co. Co. Bread Street 1878-95; Deputy- 
Governor Irish Society 1887-8; London County Council (City) 1901-7 [Deputy- 
Chairman 1904-5] ; Master Masons 1909-10. Died May 16, 1912. 

Richard Clarence Halse, Cheap, 1896-7. . .. .. .. vice Whitehead 

Currier^'>- [Contested Cordwainer 1885] 

Co. Co. Cheap 1877 (Deputy 1888)-96 ; Deputy-Governor Irisli Society 1881-5 ; 
Chairman City Lands Committee 1890-1 ; Thames Conservancy Board 1890-7 ; Master 
Curriers 1896-7 ; Panmakers 1894-6. Died December 26, 1897. 



1897, May 10 
(June 1) 



1897, June 11 
(21) 



1897, Dec. 11 
(20) 



1898, Jan. 7 
(18) 



1898, Dec. 8 
(16) 



1901, May 3 
(14) 



1902, July 24 
(August 5) 



1902, Deo. 16 

(January 13, 

1903) 



1902, Deo. 16 

(January 13, 

1903) 



1905, May 4 
(16) 



Samuel Green, Tallow- Walbrook .. vice Sir W. 

Chandler 1897-1901 Lawrence 

Co. Co. Farringdon Without 1861-5. Died April 23, 1901. 

John Knill Bridge, . . S. 1903-4, . . vice Sir J. C. 

Goldsmith^ 1897- M. 1909-10 Lawrence 

Succeeded to Baronetcy November 19, 1898; Co. Co. Bridge 1893-7; 
Master Plumbers 1902-4, 1909-10. 

Thomas Vbzey Strong, Queenhithe, . . S. 1904-5, . . vice Tyler 
Stationer^^ 1897- M. 1910-1 

Knighted June 30, 1905; Privy Councillor July 5, 1911; K.C.V.O. 
November 1911 ; Master Stationers 1903-4; Plumbers 1904-6, 1910-3. 

Henry George Smallman, Cheap, .. S. 1905-6 .. vice Halse 

Fanmaker 1898-1909 

Knighted June 30, 1906 ; Co. Co. Cheap 1888-98 ; Master Panmakers 1898-9. 

Thomas Boob Ckosby, Langbourn, . . S. 1906-7, . . vice Sir S. 
Turner'^^ 1898- M. 1911-2 Knill 

Knighted June 28, 1907 ; Co. Co. Langbourn 1877-98 ; President Bethlem 
and Bridewell 1912 ; Master Turners 1900-1 ; Apothecaries 1911-2. 

Howard Carlile Morris, Walbrook vice S. Green 

Carpenter'^^ 1901-6 

Go. Co. Walbrook 1884-1901 ; Master Panmakers 1906-6. Died May 15, 1906. 



Caudlewick, 
1902- 



S. 1907-8, 
M. 1912-3 



vice Moore 



David Bubnbtt, 
Loriner'^' 

Knighted June 26, 1908 ; Co. Co. Candlewick 1888-1902 ; Chairman City 
Lands Committee 1897-8. 



William Charles 
Simmons, Grocer 



Vintry, 
1902-9 



vice Sir F. 

Green 



Co. Co. Vintry 1877 (Deputy 1694)-1902 ; Deputy-Governor Irish Society 1883-4. 



Walter Murray Guthrie, Cornhill, 
Merchant Tarjlor 1902-9 



vice Dimsdale 



M.P. Tower Hamlets (Bow and Bromley Division) 1899-1906. Died April 24, 1911. 



Billingsgate, . . S. 1908-9 . . vice Sir B. 
1905-10 Hanson 



Francis Stanhope 
Hanson, Merchant 
Taylor 

Knighted June 26, 1909 ; London County Council (City) 1907-10. Died March 
17, 1910. 



250. Also Mason. 

251. Also Fanmaker. 

252. Also Plumber. 

253. Also Plumber. 
253a. Also Apothecary. 

254. Also Gold, and Silver Wyre Drawer and Fanmaker. 

255. Also Founder. 



Chronological List of Aldbemen. 155 



1906, May 29 P'ranois Howse, fflass Walbrook vice Morris 

(June 19) Seller^^ 1906-9 

London School Board (Hackney) 1891-4, 1897 (Candidate 1888) ; Mayor Hackney 1906-6. 

1906, Nov. 15 Sir HoBATio David (see 1889) re-elected 

(Dee. 4) Davies, K.C.M.G., 

Spectaclemaker 

1907, Aug. 28 Sir Thomas Vatisittart Castle Baynard, S. 1905-6 .. vice Evans 
(Sept. 17) Bowater, Girdler'^'' 1907- 

Knighted June 30, 1906 ; Co. Co. Vintry 1899-1907. 

1907, Nov. U Charles Johnston, .. Aldersgate, .. S. 1910-1 . . vice Eenals 
(Dec. 8) Innholder 1907- 

Knighted June 19, 1911 ; Co. Co. Aldersgate 1900-7. 

1908, June 11 Charles Cheers Wakefield, Bread Street, S. 1907-8 . . vice AUiston 

(24) Haberdasher^ 1908- 

Knighted June 26, 1908 ; Co. Co. Bread Street 1904-8. 

1909, May 28 Sir William Henry Cheap, .. S. 1908-7 .. vice Smallman 
(June 8) Dunn, Wheelwright^^ 1909- 

[Contested Castle Baynard 1907] 

Knighted June 28, 1907 ; Co. Co. Bishopsgate 1904-9; Master Turners 1911-2. 

1909, June 16 Charles Augustin Broad Street, S. 1911-2 .. vice Ellis 

(July 13) B.a.nson, Pattenmaker 1909- 

Sheriff Cornwall 1907-8 ; Master Pattenmakers 1905-7, 1912-13. 

1909, July 22 Sir George Joseph Walbrook, .. S. 1904-5 . . vice Howse 

(Sept. 21) Woodman, Framework 1909- 

Knitter'^ [Contested Cheap 1909] 

Knighted June 30, 1905 ; Go. Co. Coleman Street 1894 (Deputy 1903)-1909 ; 
Master Framework Knitters 1900-1 ; Wheelwrights 1904-5. 

1909, Oct. 5 Sir Horace Brooks Vintry, .. S. 1901-2 .. vice Simmons 

(19) Marshall, Statwmr'^^ 1909- 

[Contested Candlewick 1902] 

Knighted October 24, 1902 ; Co. Co. Parringdon Without 1896-1909 ; 
Master Gardeners 19U-2. 

1909, Oct. 8 Edward Ernest Cooper, Cornhill, .. S. 1912-3 .. vice Guthrie 

(19) Musician 1909- 

Master Musicians 1905-6. 

1910, Mar. 3 James Boll, Horner^-' Billingagate, . . S. 1909-10 . . vice Sir P. 

(15) 1910- Hanson 

Co. Co. Bridge 1903-10 ; Master Paviors 1909-10. 

256. Also Founder and Oirdler. 

257. Also Loriiier. 

258. Also Cordwainer, Turner, Loriner, Spectaclemaker, Gold and Silver Wyre 

Drawer and Playing-Card Maker. 

259. Also Turner, Horner, Loriner, Shipwright, Spectaclemaker, Butcher and 

Gold and Silver Wyre Drawer. 

260. Also Wheelwright. 

261. Also Loriner, Spectaclemaker, Gardener and Glazier. 

262. Also Loriner, Spectaclemaker, Pavior, Glover and Carman. 



156 Cheonological List of Aideemen. 



1912, Jan. 29 Charles Jones . . .. Farringdon . . . . . . . . vi 

Cuthbertson, Olover Within, 1912 

Co. Co. Farringdon Within 1889 (Deputy 1901)-12 ; Master Glovers 1909-10. 
Died January 29, 191226S 

1912, Feb. 13 Sir Thomas Henry . . Farringdon . . ~ S. 1902-3 . . vice Phillips 
Brooke-Hitching, Within, 1912 

Playing-Card Maker''^ [Contested Walbrook 1 906] 

Knighted December 18, 1902 ; Co. Co. Farringdon Within 1892- 

Contested West Riding, Yorkslilre (Blland Division) 1906 ; London County Council 
(City) 1904-r ; London School Board (Cltv) 1902-4 ; Master Playing-Card Makers 
1906-6 ; Gold and Sliver Wyre-Drawers 1911-2. 

1912, Mar. 27 Sir John James. . .. Farringdon .. S. 1908-9 .. vice Phillips 
(April 16) Baddeley, Framework- Within, 1912- 

Knittei'^ 

Knighted June 26, 1909 ; Co. Co. Cripplegate Without 1886 (Deputy 
1899)-1912 ; Thames Conservancy Board 1906-9 : Chaii-man City Lands Committee 
1898-9; Master Framework-Knitters 1906-7. 

1912, Oct. 3 John Humphery, Tallow- Tower, 1912- vice Ritchie 

(15) Chandler 

Co. Co. Tower 1902-12. 

1912, Oct. 4 Edward Cecil Moore, . . Bishopsgate, vice Davies 

(15) Fruiterer 1912- 



268. Mr. Cuthbertson died suddenly on the evening of the day of election 
before reaching home after the declaration of the poll. 

264. Also Loriner and Gold and Silver Wyre Drawer. 

265, Also Stationer and Loriner, 



Aldermen of the City of London. 



157 



The Court of Aldermen, 
November, 1912. 

(In order of Seniority of Election.) 



Elected 
Alderman. 



Sir Henry Edmund Knight . . . . 1874 

Sir Joseph Savory, Bart. . . . . 1883 

Sir Walter Henry Wilkin, K.C.M.G. 1888 

Sir Alfred James Newton, Bart. . . 1890 

Sir Marcus Samuel, Bart. .. .. 1891 

Sir John Pound, Bart 1892 

Sir Walter Vaughan Morgan, Bart. 1892 

Sir William Purdie Treloar, Bart. . . 1892 

Sir John Charles BeU, Bart. . . 1891 

Sir George Wyatt Trusoott, Bart. . . 1895 

Sir John Kuill, Bart. . . . . 1897 

Right-Hon. SirThomasVezey Strong, 

K.G.V.0 1897 

Sir Thomas Boor Crosby . . . . 1898 



Sheriff. 
1875-6 

1882-3 

1892-3 

1888-9 

1891-5 

1895-6 

1900-1 

1899-1900 

1901-2 

1902-3 

1903-4 

1904-5 
1906-7 



Lord Mayor. 
1882-3 

1890-1 

1895-6 

1899-1900 

1902-3 

1904-5 

1905-6 

1906-7 

1907-8 

1908-9 

1909-10 

1910-1 
1911-2 



Ward. 
Cripplegate. 

Bridge Without. 

Lime Street. 

Bassishaw. 

Portsoken. 

Aldgate. 

Cordwainer. 

Farringdon Without. 

Coleman Street. 

Dowgate. 

Bridge. 

Queenhithe. 
Langbouru. 



Sir David Burnett (Lord Mayor) . . 1902 1907-8 1912-3 Candlewick. 



Sir Thomas Vansittart Bowater 
Sir Charles Johnston 
Sir Charles Cheers Wakefield 
Sir William Henry Dunn . . 
Charles Augustin Hanson . . 
Sir George Joseph Woodman 
Sir Horace Brooks Marshall 
Edward Ernest Cooper 
James Roll 

Sir John James Baddeley 
John Humphery 
Edward Cecil Moore . . 



1907 
1907 
1908 
1909 
1909 
1909 
1909 
1909 
1910 
1912 
1912 
1912 



1905-6 

1910-1 

1907-8 

1906-7 

1911-2 

1904-5 

1901-2 

1912-3 

1909-10 

1908-9 



Castle Baynard. 

Aldersgate. 

Bread Street. 

Cheap. 

Broad Street. 

Walbrook. 

Vintry. 

Cornhill. 

Billingsgate. 

Farringdon Within, 

Tower. 

Bishopsgate, 



Notes on the Aldermen, 

1220-1912. 

(In continuation of Vol. I., pp. 405-408.) 



[It has not been thought necessary to record well-known historical facts, and 
except in the case of genealogical notes, I have not included such details as may be 
found in the articles relating to Aldermen in the Dictionary of National Biography, a list 
of which is appended for convenience of reference.] 



c 1243. John Grisors. Probably identical with the personage of that name whose Will 
was enrolled April 27, 1282 [H.E. 13 (71)] and who was father of John de 
Gisors (Alderman 1282-96). 

cl246. "Walter de Winton. He married a sister of Arnold fitz-Thedmar, the 
chronicler (Alderman c 1255-75). 

1247. Adam de Basing. Grandson of Salomon de Basing (Mayor 1217). 

cl249. "William fitz-Eichard. One of the leaders of the party of the King 
(Henry III.) in the City in opposition to the baronial party of de Montfort. 

cl249. Alexander le Ferrun. One of the leaders of the baronial party in the City 
in opposition to the King. 

cl255. Arnold fltz-TJiedmar. Sou of 'Thedmar the Teutonic' He compiled the 
Chronicles of the Mayors and Sheriffs of London, 1188-1274 (translated by the 
late Mr. H. T. Biley from the Liber de Antiguis Legibus), which is one of the 
chief authorities for the civic history of the period. His sisters married 
Walter de Winton, John Gisors and Balph Bswy, who were all Aldermen, and 
the two last Mayors of London. He was a bitter opponent of the popular 
party in the City, who he asserts would have murdered him and his political 
friends but for the news of the battle of Evesham. Other Aldermen, who, 
according to fitz-Thedmar, had been marked out for assassination by the 
followers of Montfort, were John de Gisors, William fitz-Eichard, Gregory de 
Kokesle, John Adrien, Geoffrey de Winton, Robert de Coruhill, William de 
Durham, Bartholomew de Castell. 

c 1264. Philip le TaiUour. The candidate of the Aldermanic party for the Mayoralty 
in opposition to the re-election of Walter Hervi in 1272. (For this contest see 
Chronicles of the Mayors and Sheriffs, trans. Eiley, pp. 153-158, Dr. Sharpe's 
London and the Kingdom, i. 105, 106). 

cl265. Gregory de Eokesle. The circumstances of his refusal to meet the King's 
Justiciars at the Tower in his official capacity as Major, which resulted in 
the suspension of the Mayoralty for 13 years, are detailed in Liber Albus 
(trans. Eiley), pp. 14, 15, and in Dr. Sharpe's Loiiimi and the Kingdom, i., 
pp. 120-122. 

cl265. "Walter Hervi. The leader of the popular party in the City after the 
disappearance of fitz-Thomas. He was deprived of his Aldermanry and ' for 
ever excluded from the Council of the City,' May 29, 1274. The ' articles as to 
the presumptuous acts and injuries of most notorious character ' alleged 
against him are set forth in the Chronicles of the Mayors and Sheriffs of 
London (trans. Eiley), pp. 174, 175. 

C1266. Edward le Blund. Father of John le Blund (Mayor 1301-8). 

cl269. "Walter le Peter. Son-in-law of Geoffrey de Winton (Alderman, Sherifi 
1248-9) and brother-in-law of Nicholas fitz-Geoffrey (Alderman, Sheriff 
1273-4, 1280-1). 

cl271. Ralph le Blund. Son-in-law of Peter fitz-Alan (Maj-or 1246-7). 

cl276. 'William Bukerel. Son of Stephen Bukerel (Alderman, Sheriff 1227-9). 

cl280. Richard de Es'wy. He is described in the Will of Thomas de Basinge 
(Alderman, Sheriff 1269-70), as his 'brother' (i.e. brother-in-law or step- 
brothei). 



160 Notes on the Aldeemen, 1220-1912. 

cl280. Ealph. Crepjm. or de Alegate. He is generally described as 'olericus;' 
he may possibly have been the ' Common Clerk ' of tbe City before John do 
Banquelle. His vacation of his Aldermanry in 1285 was probably due to 
connection with the affray which resulted in the murder of Laurence Duket 
in Bow Church, the story of which is told in a footnote tb Aungier's French 
Chronicle of London (trans. Eiley), p. 19, and in Dr. Sharpe's London and the 
Kingdom, i., 119. 

cl282. John de G-isors. Son of John de Gisors (Mayor 1246, 1258-9), and father of 
John de Gisors (IMayor 1-311-3, 1314-5), Anketin de Gisors and Henry de 
Gisors (Aldermen 13(2-36 and 1830-5 respectively). 

1294. SolomorL \rectius Salomon] le Ooteler. He is also called Salomon de 
Laufare. The name by which he is usually referred to (' le Coteler ') obviously 
indicates his trade, that of a cutler. 

1294. "Walter de Eokesle was nephew of Gregory de Rokesle (Mayor 1274-81, 
1284-5). 

c 1297. Gregory de Northone. I have described him as ' Recorder, 1298-1303 ' 
(Vol. I., p. 378), but I cannot now find the note on which that statement 
is based. That he held an office equivalent to either the Recordership 
or the Town Clerkship may be inferred from Letter Book A, 82 6, where 
under date April 8, 1290, be is described as ' Clerk to the Warden of 
London.' His successor as Alderman of Candlewick, John de Wengrave, is 
the first Recorder definitely described by that title ; I think he succeeded his 
predecessor in the Recordership as well as in the Aldermanry, though he 
appears not to have taken the oath, which may possibly have been newly 
framed then, till January, 1304, about a year after Gregory de Northone's 
death. 

cl297. Adam de Hallingberi was one of the executors of the Will of Henry le 
Waleys. 

1298. William de Leyre. In his house Sir William Wallace was lodged the night 
before his trial. 

1303. John de Wengrave. The writer of the French Chronicle of London records 
that ' he did much evil in his time to the Commons.' It is perhaps worthy of 
note that Wengrave and his seven immediate successors in the Recordership 
were all Aldermen of the City while holding this office, but since 1376 there 
has been no instance of the two offices being combined in a single person. Six 
of these Recorders (including Wengrave himself) were Aldermen of Candlewick, 
as also was Geoffrey de Northone, who was not improbably his predecessor; 
two were Aldermen of Bridge, one of whom migrated thither from Candlewick 
while Recorder, only one being unconnected with either of those Wards. 

1306. John de Gisors. The third Mayor of the name. He was an adherent of 
Queen Isabella and Mortimer. i 

1. I have erroneously dated his death 1329, in vol. I. (p. 379). This date, which was 
taken from the' Stocken MSS. in the Guildhall Library, but for which I can find 
no other authority, seemed probable from the fact that Gisors practically 
disappears from all public and civic life after 1327. He died in January, 1351 : 
Will dated January 5, enrolled January 19 [H.R. 78 (248)]. The note which 
Dr. Sharpe (Calendar of Husting Wills, i.,643) transcribes from Stow is ambiguous 
and misleading, as it apparently distinguishes between the Mayor of 1811 and the 
John Giso-s who died in 1350-1, and it is almost impossible to determine from the 
vagueness of Stow's use of pronouns whether he takes the latter to be a son or a 
brother (having the same baptismal name) of the earlier Mayor. It is clear from 
the Will that the testator was an old man, as he had a married grand-daughter : 
moreover, the names of his father and mother (John and Margery) are those of the 
Alderman who died in 1296, and his wife. It is to be noted that the elder John 
who died in 1296, bequeathed his ' New Hall in the parish of St. Mildred, in 
Bradestreet ' to his son Thomas, and that this hall afterwards became the property 
of the testator of 1351, and that the latter also had a son Thomas, as he bequeathed 
' Gysors Hall, in the parish of St. Mildred de Bradestreet ' to his grand-daughter 
Felicia, daughter of Thomas Gysors. (Stow's account of the descent of the hall 
given under Bread Street Ward diflers from that which he gives under Vintry 
Ward.) 



Notes on the Aldermen, 1220-1912. 161 

1312. Anketyn de Gisors. His widow married Adam de Acres, afterwards Common 
Serjeant. 

1312. Eoger de FrO"Wyk. Son of Henry de Frowyk (Alderman, Sheriii 1274-5), 
and grandson of Lawrence de Frowyk (Alderman, Sheriff 1246-7, 1251-2). 

1315. Hamo de Cliig"well. One of the chief civic supporters of Edward II. against 
the party of Queen Isabella and Mortimer. John de Cotuu (Alderman 
1319-30), who belonged to the latter faction, described Chigwell, when Mayor, 
as ' the vilest worm that had been in the City for more than twenty years,' and 
expressed his opinion that it would be a blessing if his head were severed from 
his body. For the later history of Chigwell, after the deposition of Edward II., 
see Dr. Sharpe's London and the Kingdom, i., 165-169, and the original 
authorities there cited. 

1319. Eobert Sely. Son of Thomas Sely (Alderman, Sheriff 1298-9). 

1322. Eicliard de Betoyne. Son of William de Betoyne (Alderman, City 

Chamberlain, and Sheriff 1288-9). He and John de G-isors were two of the 
most prominent adherents of Queen Isabella and Mortimer. He had assisted, 
or at least connived at, Mortimer's escape from the Tower in 1328. A full 
account of his dispute with his colleagues in the parliamentary representation 
of the City on the question of removing the staple from England to the 
Continent is given in London and the Kingdom, i., 174-177. 

1323. "Walter Crepyn was a son of Ealph Crepyn or de Alegate (formerly Alderman 

of Cornhill) and closely related to Richard de Gloucester, his own predecessor 
in the Aldermanry of that Ward. 

1327. G-regory de Nortone. Son of Geoffrey de Nortone (Alderman 1297-1303). 

1330. Richard de la Pole. A native of Hull, brother of Sir William de la Pole, 
whose son Michael was created Earl of Suffolk, and was one of the favourites 
of. Richard II. 

1339. Jolm de Nortliall. Father of Thomas de Northall, a Carmelite friar, who 
became Archbishop of Dublin and Lord Chancellor of Ireland. 

1348. Henry Picard. He married a grand-daughter of John de Gisors (Mayor 1311-3, 
1314-5) and was one of Richard Johnson's NinS Worthies of London. 

1348. Adam de Bury. One of the three Aldermen (the others being Richard Lyons 
and John Pecche) who were removed from their Aldermanries in 1376 on account 
of charges of malversation. Bury, who was said to have appropriated money 
subscribed for the ransom of King John of Prance, escaped to Flanders and so 
was not tried. The other two were convicted of the charges severally brought 
against them, Lyons of embezzling the King's revenue and Pecche of extortion 
in the exercise of his monopoly of sweet wines. 

1352. John de Stodeye. Two of his daughters married Sir Nicholas Brembre 
(Mayor 1377-8 and 1383-6) and Henry Vanner (Alderman, Sheriff 1391-2), 
respectively. Sir John Philipot (Mayor 1378-9) is said to have married 
another daughter, but this is doubtful ; he is known to have married two 
other wives, one the daughter of Richard de Croydon (Alderman, Sheriff 
1363-4). 

1360. John de Bernes. By his Will he directed the proceeds of the sale of certain 
lands to be placed in a chest under four keys to be kept respectively by the 
Wardens of the Grocers, Mercers and Drapers, and the City Chamberlain. 
The chest is still preserved in the Town Clerk's office at Guildhall, and is 
known as ' Barnes's chest.' (Sharpe's Calendar of Husting Wills, ii., 180). 

1363. James Andceu. His wife was niece of John de Caustone (Alderman, Sheriff 

1324-5). 
1365. "William de Haldene. The last of the Aldermen who also were Recorders of 

the City. 
1368. Sir "WiHiam "Walworth. He was one of Richard Johnson's 'Nine Worthies 

of London.' The events of his second mayoralty are too well known to need 

record here. 
1372. Sir Nicholas Brembre. The leader of the party of the victualling trades in 

Richard II. 's reign, which supported the King against the party of John of 

Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster. 



162 Notes on the Aldeemen, 1220-1912. 

1375. Jolin de Nortliaiiipton. The leader of the non-viotualling trades in 
Richard II. 's reign, which supported John of Gaunt. Nicholas Twyford 
(elected Alderman the same year) was one of his chief lieutenants. 

1375. Jolin Maryns. He is described in his Will as ' John Foot alias Maryns.' 

• 

1377. "William "Wodelious. He is described in his Will as ' William Power, called 

Wodehous.' He had three wives, the second of whom bore the singular name 

of Anselina. 

1377. "William Tonge. He was buried in All Hallows Church, Barking, where 

there is the oldest brass in London to his memory. 

1378. John Vyne. He had been apprentice to James Andreu (Mayor 1367-8), of 

whose Will he was executor. 

1379. Jolm Heende. He built the Church of St. Swithin by London Stone. 

1381. John Fresshe. Two of his daughters married Aldermen, viz., Walter Cotton 

(Sheriff 1411-2) and Walter Newenton (Alderman of Langliourn 1399-1400). 

1382. Nicholas Bxton. One of the chief adherents of Brembre and the 

victualling party in civic politics. 

1383. John Fraunceys. He is described in his Will as 'John Godman, otherwise 

called Frauuceys.' 

1383. Geoffrey Crymelford. Son-in-law of R. Hatfield (Alderman, Sheriff 1371-2). 

1390. "William Bram.pton. Dr. Wylie in his History of England under Henry IV. 

(ii., 71-77), gives an account of a mission of Brampton (in conjunction with the 
Speaker of the House of Commons and a clerical envoy) to Conrad of 
Jungingen, High Master of the Teutonic Knights, to adjust trade disputes 
which had arisen with the Hanse Towns. His statement that on his return 
voyage to England in October, 1405, ' the ship was lost with all hands and he 
and the papers went to the bottom ' is clearly inaccurate, as Brampton made 
a Will in London on November 6th, 1406, which was proved a week later. 

1391. Richard "Whytyngdon ('Whittington'). Much of his history as related in 

popular stories is legendary. The best account of him is contained in the 
article on him by Professor Tait in the Dictionary of National Biography. 

1397. John "Wodeook. At the close of his mayoralty the custom of having a solemn 
celebration of mass before the election of a new Mayor was introduced, 
probably at his instance. He was a pious man and left bequests in his Will 
to several churches and religious houses. Whittington was the first Mayor to 
be elected after a, religious service. The custom continues in a modified form 
to the present time, the election being always preceded by divine service 
(Dr. Sharpe's London and the Kingdom, i., 252, 253). 

1402. Thomas Fauconer. He built Moorgate, which was afterwards rebuilt by 
Sir W. Hampton in his Mayoralty (1472-3). 

1402. Robert Chichele. Brother of Henry Chichele, Archbishop of Canterbury 

He built the church of St. Stephen's, Walbrook. 

1403. Richard Merlawe. He was one of the five ' Treasurers of War '—officials 

appointed by the Parliament of 1404 to have the disposal of the supplies 
granted m that year, independently of the King's Ministers. Two other of the 
five were Aldermen of London, viz., John Hadle (the senior member of the 
Court, Mayor 1379-80, 1383-4) and Thomas KnoUes (Mayor 1399-1400, 1410-1). 
1403. Nicholas "Wotton. He was great grandfather of Sir Edward and of 
Dr. Nicholas Wotton, Privy Councillors to Henry VIII. and well-known 
diplomatists, the former of whom was grandfather of Sir Edward, created 
Lord Wotton, and of Sir Henry Wotton, to whom is attributed the definition 
of an ambassador as ' an honest man sent to lie abroad for the good of his 
country,' ° 

1407. Henry Halton. His widow married John Welles (Alderman, Mayor 1431-2). 

1407. "WiUiam Chichele. Brother of the Archbishop and of Robert Chichele his 
predecessor m the Aldermanry of Aldgate. He married a daughter of William 
Baret (Alderman, Sheriff 1379-80), and his son John,whowas City Chamberlain 
married a daughter of Thomas KnoUes (Mayor 1399-1400, 1410-1) 



Notes on the Aldeembn, 1220-1912. 163 

1411. WiUiam Sevenoke. Son of William Rumschedde of Sevenoke : lie is always 
referred to by the place name and not by his original patronymic. He was 
admitted to the freedom of the Grocers, December 20th, 1397 (Letter Book H, 
fo. 316), although he had served his apprenticeship to an ironmonger. He 
founded a free school and almshouse at his native place, and is commemorated 
by Richard Johnson as one of the ' Nine Worthies of London.' 

1415. John Gedney. He at first refused to accept the office of Alderman (which he 

subsequently held for 34 years, being Mayor twice) and his obstinacy was only 
overcome by his committal to prison and the forcible closing of his shop. He 
married in 1444 the widow of Robert Large (Mayor 1439-40), for which both 
parties did penance, she having taken a vow of chastity after her first husband's 
death. 

1416. Ealph Barton. Brother of Henry Barton (Mayor 1416-7, 1428-9). 

1416.. John Eeynwell. Son of William Eeynwell (Alderman 1397-1403). Stow 
records the drastic measures which he took with the Lombard vintners from 
whose wine ' there issued a most loathsome savour.' 

1418. Robert Wydlngton. Son-in-law of Richard Odiham (City Chamberlain 
1380-91). [The occurrence of the three similar names, Richard Whytingdon, 
Robert Whytingham, Robert Widyngton, as those of contemporary Aldermen, 
has sometimes caused confusion.] 

1420. John Ooventre. He was co-executor with John Carpenter, the Town Clerk, of 
the Will of Richard Whytingdon (Whittington). He is said to have been 
descended from Henry de Coventre (Alderman, Sheriff 1259-60, 1273-4) and 
was ancestor of Lord Chancellor Coventry, of Sir William, Sir John and 
Henry Coventry, three leading politicians of Charles II. 's reign, and of the 
later Earls of Coventry. 

1420. John "Welles. He was appointed Warden of Norwich by the King in 1437, when 
the Mayor and some of the Aldermen of that City were deprived of their offices 
on account of riots and disturbances. Gregory (Collections of a London Citisen, 
p. 184), in recording his death, describes him as ' the nobylle Aldyrman.' He 
gave a Sword of State to the City of Bristol, which bears on its hilt 
the inscription — 

' John Wellis, of Loudon, Grocer, Mair, 
Gave to Bristol this Sword faire.' 

1423. Sir "William EstfelcL. He caused the conduit in Aldermanbury to be made. 

1429. Thomas "Walsingham. He obtained his discharge from serving as Alderman 
on account of his being ' much occupied with the King's service,' and in lieu 
of paying a fine he undertook to ' glaze in the best manner the Eastern gable 
or window of Guildhall.' 

1429. Stephen Broun. Younger brother of Sir Robert Broun, of Betchworth, who 
was ancestor of the Viscounts Montagu. 

1429. Robert Large. William Caxton was apprenticed to him. Large's widow 
married John Gedney (see above). 

1434. John Hatherle. This is doubtless the correct form of the name, being that 

of the signature to his Will, but it is frequently written Atherle in the City 
records, some of the scribes apparently disregarding aspirates. 

1435. "William Gregory. The compiler of one of the best known civic chronicles. 

1485. Ralph Holland. He was returned three times in succession (1439, 1440, 1441) 
to the Court of Aldermen as one of the two from whom the Mayor should be 
elected, but was passed over on each occasion, and never served that office. 

1439. John Sevenok. The Court of Aldermen appointed Proctors to oppose the 
confirmation by the Bishop of London of Sevenok's election as Prior of Holy 
Trinity on the ground of immorality, but their opposition was ineffectual. 

1441. John Norman. He, when Mayor, introduced the custom of going from 
London to Westminster by barge instead of on horseback to be presented to 
the King or his representative. The alteration was made in consideration of 
the Mayor's infirm.ity, but it was continued until 1657, when the horseback 
procession was revived. 



164 Notes on the Aldermen, 1220-1912. 



1442. Nicholas Wyfold. Son-in-law of Thomas Oatteworth (Mayor 1443-4). His 
widow married (as her third husband) John Howard, 1st Duke of Norfolk of 
that house, (the ' Jockey of Norfolk ' who was killed at Bosworth). His daughter 
was the second wife of Lord Marney, one of Henry VIII.'s courtiers. 

1444. Robert Horne. Was imprisoned in Newgate by Jack Cade's mob, and only 
saved his life by paying a large ransom. 

1444. Stephen Forster. Enlarged Ludgate Prison. 

1444. Siinon Byre. Originally an upholsterer, was admitted to the freedom of the 
Drapers' Company April i, 1419 (Letter Book I., fo. 1286). He built 
Leadenhall as a granary for the City. His son Thomas married a daughter of 
Eobert Large (Mayor 1439-40). Fuller in his Worthies says of him that he left 
3,000 marks to charitable uses, so that ' his bounty, like Saul, stands higher 
than any other from the shoulder upwards.' 

1444. John Derby. Pabyan relates a story of his being fined £50 for not removing 

a dead dog from his door and for using opprobrious language to the Mayor 
(John Yonge). 

1445. Thomas Pomeroy. His election as Prior of Holy Trinity was disputed, and 

although it received the Boyal assent on April 21, 1445, similar recognition 
was accorded William Westkarre on May 23 following. Pomeroy was finally 
confirmed and received the temporalities on February 19, 1446. 

1445. Thomas Canynges. Elder brother of William Canynges, the founder of St. 

Mary Sedolifie Church, Bristol, of which city both were natives. He appears 
to have been the ancestor of George Canning, Earl Canning (Viceroy of India) 
and Lord Stratford de Eedcliffe (' the Great Eltchi') , and this descent is ascribed 
to those statesmen in the Dictionary of National Biography (s.v. William 
Canynges), but bhis work contradicts itself— a not uncommon occurrence— by 
making William Canynges their ancestor, a few pages earlier in the same 
volume (s.v. George Canning). To add to the difficulty Burke's Peerage 
(s.v. Garvagh) gives Thomas as the ancestor, while Burke's Extinct Peerage 
(s.v. Canning) substitutes John, the eldest brother of Thomas and 
William. 

1446. Geoffrey Feldynge. The assumption of Orridge (The Citizens of London 

and their Rulers) that he was the ancestor of the Earls of Denbigh appears 
to be erroneous, and I have not found satisfactory confirmation of Stow's 
statement that he was a member of the Privy Council under Henry VI. and 
Edward IV. 

1446. Sir William Cantelo^^re. He was imprisoned in Dudley Castle in the year 
1456 as being supposed to be concerned in an attack made by the young 
mercers of London on the houses of the Lombard merchants (Dr. Sharpe's 
London and the Kingdom, i., 292). 

1448. Philip Malpas. A strong adherent of the Lancastrian Party and elected an 

Alderman at the personal recommendation of the King (Henry VI.). He was 
specially obnoxious to Jack Cade's followers, who sacked his house, having 
previously induced the Common Council to petition for his dismissal from the 
Aldermanry. It may be inferred from a passage in the Chronicle III., Vitellius 
A xvi., fo. 120, that he had gone over to the Yorkists by 1461. His bwo 
daughters married respectively Sir Thomas Cook (Mayor 1462-3), and Sir 
Balph Josselyn (Mayor 1464-5, 1476-7). 

1449, "William Marowe. His daughter married Robert Throckmorton, said to have 

been a Privy Councillor to Henry VII. and ancestor to the Throckmorton 
Baronets. 

1451. "William Dare. I can find no mention of his Company during his Aldermanic 

period, but he is not improbably identical with the William Dere, 'peautrer,' 
named in Letter Book K, fo. 165&, about December, 1436. 

1452. Geoffrey Boleyn. He married the daughter and heiress of Lord Hoo and 

Hastings, and was grandfather of Thomas Boleyn, Earl of Wiltshire, whose 
daughter married Henry VIII. and was mother of Queen Elizabeth. He was 
also (through Mary, Anne Boleyn's elder sister) ancestor of Nelson and of the 
late Earl of Kimberley (see pedigree in Orridge The Citizens of London and 
their Rulers, p. 186). He had originally been a hatter and was translated to 
the Mercers February X, 1436, (Letter Book K, fo. 1586). 



Notes on the Aldermen, 1220-1912. 165 

1456. Sir Thomas Cook. Son-in-law of Philip Malpas (Alderman, Sherifi 1439-40). 
His great grandson, Sir Anthony Cooke, had two daughters, who married 
respectively William Cecil, Lord Burghley (Queen Elizabeth's chief adviser) 
and Lord Keeper Sir Nicholas Bacon, whose son was Francis Bacon (Lord 
Chancellor) the great philosopher. Mr. Welch (in The Dictionary of National 
Biography) and Mr. 0. L. Kingsford in his notes to Chronicles of London, speak 
of him as a Yorkist leader in the city, the former explicitly and the latter 
apparently regarding his knighthood at the coronation of Edward IV, 's Queen 
as evidence of his political sympathies. But that batch of knights included 
John de Vere, Earl of Oxford, a keen Lancastrian partisan, and also Sir John 
Plomer who appears to have belonged to that party. If Cook ever had any 
Yorkist sympathies they were not very deep or lasting, and he was certainly a 
partisan of Henry VI. at the time of his restoration in 1470, and suffered 
heavily afterwards for his support of the Lancastrians. 

1456. Sir Ralph. Josselyn. A younger brother of Thomas Josselyn from whom the 

Earls of Eoden are descended. Fuller (Worthies, ii., 57) in reference to his 
knighthood of the Bath, remarks that 'there is more of the carpet than of the 
camp in that Order.' He repaired the City wall between Aldgate and 
Aldersgate. 

1457. Sir Ralph Veriiey. Ancestor of the Verueys of Olaydon (Baronets and Earls 

Verney) and of the present Lord Braye. 

1460. Sir John Yonge. Son of Thomas Yonge, Mayor of Bristol, who was stepfather 

of Thomas Canynges (Mayor 1456-7). 

1461. Robert Bassett. He married the widow of the 4th Lord Bergavenny, who 

upon his death married Sir John Stokton (Mayor 1470-1). 

1461. Sir John Stokton. He was Mayor during the temporary restoration of 

Henry VI. (1470-1), when he conveniently became ill and took to his bed, and 
stayed there, leaving Sir Thomas Cook, who was a Lancastrian partisan, to 
act as his deputy. 

1462. Sir "William Hampton. Fuller (Worthies, i., 566), records that he was 'the 

first that set up stocks in every ward for the punishment of vagabonds. ' 

1463. John Lok. Ancestor of John Locke, tlie philosopher. His grandson, Sir 

William Lok, was Alderman and Sheriff 1548-9. 

1463. William Constantyn. Great grandson of John Costantyn (Alderman 

1349-58). 

1464. Humphrey Hayford. He was charged with treason and deprived of his 

Aldermanry of Langbourn in 146S, on account of his Lancastrian sympathies, 
but afterwards returned to the Court of Aldermen, being elected for Cripplegate. 

1464. William Ed'ward.. His widow was twice remarried (1) to Robert Revell 
(Alderman, Sheriff 1490-1) and (2) to Sir Balph Astry (Mayor 1493-4). 

1464. Sir John Plomer. Though one of the Aldermen who received the Knight- 

hood of the Bath at the coronation of Edward IV.'s Queen, he was a 
Lancastrian, and was deprived of his Aldermanry and charged with treason 
on account of his political sympathies. 

1465. Sir Bartholome"W" James. He married the widow of Thomas Oulegrave, 

(Mayor 1467-8). 

1468. Stephen Pabyan. He was committed to Newgate for refusing to accept his 
second election to an Aldermanry (in 1469). He was probably nearly related 
to Robert Fabyan, the chronicler (Sheriff 1493-4), but I have not found any 
definite evidence on the point. 

1468. Sir John Crosby. He built the house in Bishopsgatej inhabited by Sir 
Thomas More 1518-23, known as Crosby Place, which in the 19th century 
was occupied as a restaurant. In 1910 the great hall was removed and 
re-erected at Chelsea. 

1468. Robert Drope. His widow married Edward Grey, Viscount Lisle, brother 

of Sir John Grey, the first husband of Elizabeth Woodville, who 
afterwards married Edward IV. 

1469. Richard Gardyner. When Mayor he fined one of his Sheriffs, Robert 

Byfeld, £50 for ' unfittyng words which the said Robert gave unto the 
Mair.' The fine was used for ' the Reparaoion of the Condytes ' (see 
Kingsford Chronicles of London, p. 188). 



166 Notes on the Aldeemen, 1220-1912. 

1470. John Croke. Son-in-law of William Gregory, the Chronioler (Mayor 
1451-2). His daughter married Sir William Stokker (Mayor 1485). 

1470. Sir John Browne. He was father of William Browne (Mayor 1513-4), and 
uncle of William Browne (Mayor 1507-8). It is a curious coincidence that 
both William Brownes died in their respective years of office as Mayor, John 
Browne was ancestor of the Earls of Pomfret, the Lords Petre and the Oave- 
Browne-Oave Baronets. 

1472. Thomas Bledlowe. His grand-daughter married Lord WiUiams of Thame, 

one of Queen Mary's Ministers. 

1473. Sir Edmund Shaa. One of the chief adherents of Eichard Duke of 

Gloucester (Richard III.) and brother of the preacher who asserted the 
invalidity of Edward IV. 's marriage and consequent illegitimacy of Edward 
V. in a sermon at St. Paul's Cross. He is said to have been one of Eichard's 
Privy Council. He founded Stockport Grammar School. He also left money 
in his Will for the rebuilding of Cripplegate. He was father-in-law of William 
Browne (Mayor 1513-4). 

1473. Sir Thomas Hill. He died when Mayor, and his successor in the 
Mayoralty (Sir W. Stokker) five days later, four other Aldermen (J. Stokker, 
T. Breteyn, T. Northland and E. Rawson) also dying within the space of a 
month.2 They were victims of an epidemic called the ' Sweating Sickness.' 

1476. Eichard Ea^vson. Father of Sir John Eawson, created Viscount 
Clontarf, Lord Treasurer of Ireland. 

V 1476. Sir Henry Colet. Father of John Colet, Dean of St. Paul's, who was 
the founder of St. Paul's School, and the friend of Erasmus, Sir Thomas 
More, and the chief English humanists of the Renaissance. 

1478. Thomas Home. He rebuilt the great conduit in Cheap. 

1480. Sir "William Home. Stow records a legend that 'King Edward IV. 
so named him because he was a most excellent blower on a home.' His 
original name is said to have been Littlebury. 

1480. John Stoks. The following extract from the Patent Rolls under date 
May 17, 1480, is worthy of reproduction for its comprehensive catalogue of 
garblable articles : — 

Whereas the king lately by letters patent granted to the mayor, citizens and commonalty 
of London the office of garbUng of all kinds of spices in the port and city of London and 
they have appointed John Stokes, citizen and grocer of London, as garbler in the said port 
and city, and because of the good garbling there many kinds of spices are taken to Sandwich 
and Southampton, where they are not duly garbled, the king hereby appoints the said John, 
during pleasure, as garbler of anise, cumin, worm seed, wax, alum, grains of paradise, ginger, 
cloves, mace, cinnamon, galingale, rhubarb, soammony, spikenard, senna, turpentine, dyers' 
grains, zedoary, almonds, rice, dates, euphorbitim, stavesacre, cassia, fistula, nutmeg, long 
pepper, mastic, frankincense, and other spices and drugs and all merchandise, which should 
be garbled, in the towns of Sandwich and Southampton, receiving fees as in the city of 
London, with all other profits. 



I have not found the exact dates of death of these six Aldermen, and I have therefore 
ex abiMidanti cautela stated the period as within the space of a month. Dr. 
Sharpe {London and the Kingdom, i. 317) says that ' the pestilence carried off two 
Mayors a«d six Aldermen within the space of a week', referring as authority to 
Becker's Epidemics of the Middle Ages, p. 168, The ' six Aldermen ' were certainly 
inclusive of, not additional to, the ' two Mayors.' See also Kingsford Chronicles of 
London, p. 193. 



Notes on the Aldeemen, 1220-1912. 167 



1481. Thomas Percy. There is an interesting account o£ the forcible ejectment 

of Percy from the Priorate in 1494 by the Bishop of London (Richard Hill) 
and of his restoration and resignation later in the year, in Cotton MS. 
Vitellius A xvi. See Kingsford's Chronicles of London, pp. 199, 201, 203, also 
Victorian History of the Counties of England — London, p. 474. Twelve years 
later, after two successors had intervened, Percy was restored to the Priorate 
which he retained till his death in 1512. There is a curious error in the 
Victorian County History, the writer asserting that Percy was not Prior in 
1506 or 1509, referring to Letters and Papers Henry VIII., xvi., 503 (15) and 
Calendar of Ancient Deeds A 1773. It happens that the document at the 
first of these references is a lease by Prior Newton in February, 1506, some 
months before his death and Percy's restoration, and the second, in which 
Bradwell is mentioned as Prior, is wrongly calendared under date 4 May, 1 
Henry VIII. (1509), whereas the MS. itself, which I have inspected in the 
presence of an official at the Record Office, is quite ojearly dated 8 Henry 
VIII. (1516) — an instance of the way in which errors are perpetuated. 

1482. Jolm Mathewe. He is said by Stow to have been the first bachelor Mayor. 

Fuller in his Worthies (Ed. Nuttall i. 40) has a quaint observation on the 
value of a help-meet for the chief magistrate. 'It seemeth that a Lady 
Mayoress is something more than ornamental to a Lord Mayor, their wives' 
great portions or good providence much advantaging their estates to be capable 
of so high a dignity.' 

1485. Sir Ralph Astry. Apprentice and afterwards partner of Sir William 
Hampton (Mayor 1472-3), of whose Will he was executor. He married a lady 
who had previously been the wife successively of two Aldermen, W. Edward, 
(Mayor 1471-2), and R. Revell (Sheriff 1490-1). He restored the Church of 
St. Martin, Viutry. 

1485. Sir John Tate. Brother of Robert Tate (Mayor 1488-9). 

1485. Sir John Percyvale. Founder of Macclesfield Grammar School. 

1485. Hugh Olopton. Well known for his benefactions to Stratford-on-Avon, where 
he built the great stone bridge, and the house afterwards known as New 
Place, at which Shakspeare resided in his later years. He was, like his 
immediate predecessor in the Mayoralty (Mathewe), a bachelor. 

1485. Sir "Willi am Capel. He was one of the victims of Empson and Dudley, the 
instruments of Henry VII.'s extortions. Thomas Kneseworth (Mayor 1505-6) 
and Sir Lawrence Aylmer (Mayor 1508) were also sufferers, all three being 
imprisoned and heavily fined. Capel Court derives its name from Sir W. 
Capel. His son, Sir Giles Capel, was ancestor of the Earls of Essex of the 
present line ; his elder daughter married the first Marquess of Winchester 
(Lord High Treasurer to Edward VI., Mary and Elizabeth), and was 
ancestress to the Dukes of Bolton and the present Marquess of Winchester ; 
his younger daughter married John, Lord Zouchfe. 

1490. Henry Cote. He built St. Dunstan's Chapel, Foster Lane. 

1494. Eobert Fabyan. The well-known Chronicler. 

1496. Sir John Shaa. Nephew of Sir Edmund Shaa (Mayor 1482-3). He 
established the annual Mayoral banquet at Guildhall. He also instituted 
the practice of riding in procession from Guildhall to the State barge when 
going to Westminster to be sworn. 

1496. Thomas "Wood. A benefactor to St. Peter's Church, Wood Street. 

1498. Sir Bartholonie"W Eede. He purchased Crosby Place in 1501. 

1499. Thomas Wyndout. Son-in-law of Thomas Norlonde (Alderman, Sherifi 

1483-4). He was apprenticed to Sir Henry Colet (Mayor 1486-7, 1495-6), and 
one of the executors of his Will was Thomas Baldry (Mayor 1523-4). 

1499. Sir Richard Haddon. Son-in-law of Robert Byfeld who was fined when 
Sheriff by the Mayor (Richard Gardyner) for insulting him (see p. 165). His 
wife's sister married William Welbeck (Alderman, Sheriff 1492-3). 

1499. Sir Stephen Jenyns. Founder of Wolverhampton Grammar School. He 
also built a great part of St. Andrew's Undershaft Church. 



168 Notes on the Aldeemen, 1220-1912. 

1500. William Browne (i.). Nephew of Sir John Browne (Mayor 1480-1) and 
cousin to William Browne (Mayor 1513-4). 

1500. James Wylford. Brother of Edward Wylford, Provost of Oriel College, 
Oxford, and father of John Wylford (Alderman, Sheriff 1544-5) and of Nicholas 
Wylford (M.P. for the City 1542-4). In March, 1503, he was tempora,rily 
suspended from coming to the Court of Aldermen on ' account of contumelious 
words openly spoken in full Court to the Mayor and Aldermen.' [Eep. 1, 
fo. 129 (170)] . 

1502. Henry Kebyll, He gave £1,000 for the rebuilding of St. Mary's Aldermary 
Church, where he was afterwards buried, but ' his bones were unkindly cast up ' 
(Stow, i., 258). Two later Lord Mayors, Sir William Laxton (1544-5) and Sir 
Thomas Lodge (1562-3) were buried in his vault. 

1504. Sir William Fitzwilliam. Son-in-law of John Hawes (Alderman, Sheriff 

1500-1). His grandson. Sir William Fitzwilliam, Lord Deputy of Ireland in 
the time of Queen Elizabeth, was ancestor of the Earls Fitzwilliam. His 
elder daughter Anne married Sir Anthony Cooke (descended from Sir Thomas 
Cook, Mayor 1462-3), and was mother-in-law of William Cecil, Lord Burghley, 
and grandmother of Francis Bacon. From the Alderman's younger daughter, 
Elizabeth, who married Sir Thomas Brudenell, the Earls of Cardigan were 
descended. 

1505. William Bro-wne (ii.). Son of Sir John Browne (Mayor 1480-1). He 

married the daughter of Sir Edmund Shaa (Mayor 1482-3) and afterwards 
the daughter of Henry Kebyll (Mayor 1510-1), the latter of whom upon his 
death became the third wife of Lord Mountjoy, and the ancestress of the Lord 
Mountjoy who subdued Tyrone's rebellion and was created Earl of Devonshire. 
Browne's daughter by his first wife married Sir John Mundy (Mayor 1522-3). 
His daughter by his second wife married Sir William Petre, Secretary of State . 
to Edward VI. and Mary, from which marriage the Lords Petre are descended. 

1506. Robert Johnson, He was removed by the King (Henry VII.) from the 

Shrievalty within a few days of his election to that office, and it is stated in 
the Greyf riars Chronicle that in consequence he ' toke soche a thowthe that 
he dyde.' If so, the result of his vexation was not speedy, as he did not die 
till nearly or fully twelve months later, his election being in September 1506, 
and the date of his Will September 23, 1507 (proved October 12 following). 

1506. Christopher Hawes. He also, like his contemporary Johnson, appears to 

have been a singularly sensitive person, as he is stated to have been 
imprisoned by Henry VII. for some imaginary crime and to have ' soon 
died from excess of grief.' [Sir J. Baddeley, Aldermen of CrippUgate Ward, 
p. 42.] 

1507. G-eorge Monoux. Founded a school at Walthamstow. 

1507. Sir William Boteler. Son-in-law of Roger Basford (Alderman, Sheriff 1514). 

1508. John Eest. He lived at Crosby Place before Sir Thomas More.. 

1508. Sir Thom.as Exmewe. He made the water conduit in London Wall by 

Moorgate. 

1509. Thomas Mirfjm. He married the daughter of Aungel Don (Alderman 1506). 

One of his daughters married Sir Andrew Judde (Lord Mayor 1550-1), another 
married Sir Robert Cromwell, and was great-grandmother of the Protector 
and of John Hampden. 

1509. Sir James Tarford. The first Welsh Lord Mayor. 

1510. Sir John Brugge. His daughter Winifred married Sir Richard Sackville, by 

whom she was mother of Thomas Sackville, created Earl of .Dorset (Lord 
High Treasurer and joint author of the first English tragedy, GorhodiLc). 
After Saokville's death she married the old Marquess of Winchester (Lord 
High Treasurer to three sovereigns), whose first wife had been the daughter of 
Sir William Capel (Mayor 1503-4, 1510). 

1512. John Dawes. His widow married (as her third husband) Richard fGrev) 

3rd Earl of Kent. » J/ 

1513. Sir John Mundy. Grandson of Sir Edmund Shaa (Mayor 1482-3) and 

son-in-law of William Browne (Mayor 1513-4). He was committed to prison 
in 1533 (after he had passed the Chair) for ' disobedyence to my Lorde the 
Mayer and my maisters the Aldermen.' 



Notes on the Aldermen, 1220-1912. 169 

1514. Sir Thomas Baldry. His grand-daughter married tte 2nd Lord Bioh, by 

whom she was mother of the 3rd Lord, created Earl of Warwick, who was 
father of the Earla of Warwick and Holland, who were conspicuous in the 
Civil War period. 

1515. Sir Jollll Aleyn. One of the bachelor Aldermen who have held the 

Mayoralty. He gave a gold chain to be worn by successive Chief Magistrates, 
which was first worn by Sir William Laxton at the close of his Mayoralty, 
October 27, 1545. He is said to have been a member of Henry VIII. 's Privy 
Council . - 

1515. Sir Ttoraas Semer (Seymour). He is said to have been a member of the 
Protector Somerset's family, but I have failed to trace satisfactory evidence of 
the connexion which, in any case, was not very close. 

1521. Sir Jolm Eudstone. He married a daughter of Sir Robert Dymoke, 
Champion of England, who after his death married Sir Edward Wotton, 
one of Henry VIII. 's Privy Councillors. Rudstone's daughter married Thomas 
Wotton, son of Sir Edward by his first wife, by whom she was mother of 
Edward, created Lord Wotton. 

1521. Sir John Skevynton. Probably of the same family as Sir William 
SkefEington, Lord Deputy of Ireland, who was ancestor of the Viscounts 
Massereene. 

1521. Sir Ralph Dodmer. See vol. I., p. 33 of this work, for his refusal to accept 
translation to one of the greater Companies on his election as Alderman 
until he had been committed to the custody of one of the Sheriffs. His 
daughter married Sir Thomas Pope, founder of Trinity College, Oxford. 

1523. Robert Amadas. He was goldsmith to Cardinal Wolsey, and married a 
grand-daughter of Sir Hugh Bryce (Mayor 1485-6). 

1523. Nicholas Jenyns. His daughter married Sir Thomas Hoicroft, and was 
mother of Isabel, wife of Edward, 3rd Earl of Rutland. 

1.525. John Nechyls. Son-in-law of Sir Stephen Jenyns (Mayor 1508-9). 

1526. Henry Dacres. His daughter married John Pakington, from which marriage 

the Lords Hampton are descended. Her husband was brother of Robert 
Pakynton, M.P. for the City, and of Humphrey Pakington, who was 
father-in-law of four of its Aldermen. 

1527. Sir John Champneys. Stow records that he 'was the first private man who 

in his house near Clothworkers Hall built a turret to oversee his neighbours 
in the City, which delight of his eye was punished with blindness some years 
before his death.' Fuller {Worthies, iii., 108) comments on this dictum of Stow 
thus : ' I dare not concur with so censorious an author, because every 
consequence of a fact is not the punishment of a fault therein.' 

1528. Sir William. HoUyes. Ancestor of Denzil Holies, the parliamentarian 

Colonel, and of the Dukes of Newcastle of the Holies, Pelham and Pelham- 
Olinton lines. 
1528. Sir Ralph "Warren. His daughter Joan married Sir Henry Cromwell, and 
was grandmother of the Protector and of John Hampden. His widow 
married Sir Thomas Whyte (Lord Mayor 1553-4). 

1530. Sir Williara Roche. His second wife was widow of John Long (Alderman, 

Sheriff 1528-9). He was committed to the Fleet by the Privy Council in 1545 
for protesting against the benevolence. 

1531. Sir Michael Dormer. His brother, William Dormer, was ancestor of the 

Lords Dormer. 

1532. Robert Pagett. His widow married Sir William Sherington, the confederate 

of Lord Seymour of Sudeley in the plot against Protector Somerset's 

government. 
1534. Ralph Aleyn. Nephew of Sir John Aleyn (Lord Mayor 1525-6, 1535-6). His 

widow married Sir Roger Manwood, Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer. 
1584. Humphrey Monmouth.' Son-in-law of Sir William Denham (Alderman, 

Sheriff 1534-5). He was the earliest Protestant Alderman of London, and 

the friend of Tyndale the Reformer. 



The Dictionary of National Biography in its article on Tyndale, erroneously states 
that Monmouth was knighted. 



170 Notes on the Aldeemen, 1220-1912. 

1534. Sir Thomas Kytson. His widow married successively Sir Ricliard Long 
and John Bourchier, Earl of Bath. The daughter by Kytson married Lord 
FitzWarine, eldest sou of the Earl of Bath by an earlier wife. Another 
daughter of Sir Thomas married Sir John Spencer of Wormleighton, from 
which marriage are descended the Earls of Sunderland and Spencer and the 
later Dukea of Marlborough, Lord Randolph Churchill and Mr. Winston 
Churchill. 

1534. Eichard Fermor. A zealous Romanist who in 1540 was imprisoned and 
deprived of his property for denying the supremacy of the King (Henry VIII.). 
He was subsequently released and in the reign of Edward VI. his property 
was restored. He was son-in-law of William Browne (Mayor) and ancestor 
of the Earls of Pomfret. 

1536. William Daimtsey. He married a daughter of Sir Thomas More. 

1536. Sir William. Laxton. The founder of Oundle School. His eldest daughter 
married John Maohell (Alderman, Sheriff 1555-6), and a younger was second 
wife of Sir Thomas Lodge (Lord Mayor 1562-3). 

1536. Sir Eichard Gresham. Elder brother of Sir John Gresham (Lord Mayor 
1547-8) and father of Sir Thomas, the founder of the Royal Exchange. His 
eldest son, Sir John, was father of Elizabeth, who married Sir Henry Neville of 
Braybrooke, from which marriage the Lords Braybrooke are descended, and 
his daughter Christian by her marriage with Sir John Thynne of Longleat was 
ancestress of the Marquesses of Bath. Sir Richard was elected Lord Mayor 
at the special desire of the King (Henry VIII.) when he had been an Alderman 
less than two years, twelve seniors below the Chair being passed over. 

1536. Henry Am.cotts. He refused to accept the office of Alderman until four 
months after his election, having in the interval been fined £40 and had his 
shops closed and his ' goodes and catalles ' sequestered, and it was not until a 
week after he had been committed to Newgate that he finally surrendered. He 
retained his Aldermanry until his death, serving as Sheriff and Lord Mayor 
in due course. 

1538. John Tolos. He also at first refused to accept office and was committed to 
Newgate, but was sworn nine days after his election, when the claim of his 
guild, that of the Clothworkers, to be regarded as one of the greater Companies 
was first admitted. (See vol. I. of this work, p. 380.) 

1538. John 'Wylford. Son of John Wylford (Alderman, Sheriff 1499-1500). 

1540. Sir John Gresham. Younger brother of Sir Richard Gresham (Lord Mayor 

1537-8) during whose mayoralty he was Sheriff. He was founder of Gresham's 
School, Holt. 

1541. Sir Andrew Judde. Pounder of Tonbridge School. His first wife died soon 

after he entered on his Mayoralty, and he married again within three months 
a lady who had been a widow for even a shorter tiine (Wriothesley's Chronicle, ii., 
44, 45). He took as his third wife the daughter of Thomas Mirfyn (Mayor 
1518-9), by which marriage he was ancestor of the Viscounts Strangford and 
of the later Lords Teynham. 

1542. Thomas Blanks. He suffered imprisonment for five days in the house of 

Sheriff Suokley for refusing to accept the office of Alderman (Wriothesley's 
Chronicle, i,, 134). For his discharge see vol. I. of this work, p. 228. He was 
father of Sir Thomas Blanke, Lord Mayor 1582-3. 

1542. Sir Eo^wland Hill. The first Protestant Lord Mayor ; founder of Drayton 
School, 00. Salop. He (as did Sir Richard Gresham) secured considerable 
grants of land from the spoils of the monasteries. He was described on a tablet 
in St. Stephen's Church, Walbrook, as 

' A friend to Virtue, a Lover of Learning 
A prudent Person and worthy Counsellor 
A Lover of Wisdom, of Justice a Purtherer.' 
Prom his uncle, Ralph Hill, were descended the first Viscount Hill, the 
Peninsular general, and Rowland Hill, the celebrated preacher. 

1542. Sir George Barne. His son, Sir George, was Lord Mayor 1586-7 ; his 
daughter Anne married Sir Prancis Walsingham, the well-known Secretary of 
State to Queen Elizabeth, and another daughter Elizabeth was wife of 
Sir John Ryvers (Lord Mayor 1573-4). 



Notes on the Aldermen, 1220-1912. 171 

1544. Ricliarcl Rede. He refused to pay the benevolence demanded by Henry VIII. in 
1545, and was in consequence sent to serve with the army against the Scots, 
by whom he was taken prisoner. 

1544. Sir Thomas Whyte. Founder of St. John's College, Oxford, and a benefactor 

to Bristol and Coventry and to Merchant Taylors' School. Puller (Worthies, 
ii., 58) says of him that ' whithersoever he went he left the finger-marks of his 
charity behind him.' He did not accept office as Alderman until after 
committal to Newgate for refusing. He married the widow of Sir Ealph 
Warren (Lord Mayor 1536-7 and 1544). 

1545. RolDert Cliertsey. His widow (of whom he was the second husband) married 

twice after his decease, her third partner being Sir David Broke, Lord Chief 
Baron of the Exchequer, and the fourth Edward, 1st Lord North. 

1545. Sir "William Lok.^' Grandson of John Lok (Alderman, Sherifi 1461-2), father 

of Michael Lok the traveller, and grandfather of Henry Lok, a writer of 
religious sonnets and psalms whom Warton describes as ' the British Maevius.' 
He was married four times and left issue by the first two, 13 sons and 6 
daughters. 

1546. Augustine H!5nicle. His widow married Sir John Lyon (Lord Mayor 1554-5), 

1547. John Xjambarde. Father of William Lambarde, the antiquary. 

1547. John Usshe. In his WUl dated May 30th, proved June 21 , 1554 [PGG 3 More] 
his name is written 'Wysse,' which is probably correct. In Wriothesley's 
Chronicle, i., 183, it is printed ' Wishe.' He was committed to Newgate for 
refusing to accept office on April 13, 1547, but was sworn and immediately 
discharged April 21. Wriothesley states that he was sworn previous to his 
discharge, which the entry in Eepertory 11 (not ii. as printed vol. I., p. 11) 
omits, recording the discharge only. 

1547. Sir William G-arrarde. Father of Sir John Garrarde (Lord Mayor 1601-2) 

and father-in-law of Sir George Barne (Lord Mayor 1586-7). Stow describes 
him as ' a grave, sober, wise and discreet citizen equal with the best and 
inferior to none of our time.' 

1548. David "Woodroffe. His son. Sir Nicholas, was Lord Mayor 1579-80, and his 

daughter Mary was mother of Sir William Stonhouse, 1st Baronet of Radley. 

1549. Sir Thomas Offley. One of the earliest pupils of Lily, the Greek scholar, at 

St. Paul's. He is described by Fuller {Worthies ed. Nuttall, i., 296) as the 
' Zacchseus of Ijondon, not for his low stature but his high charity.' He was 
brother-in-law to Stephen Kyrtou (Alderman 1549-53) and son-in-law of John 
Nechyll or Nichylls (Alderman 1525). To his son Sir John Offley of Madeley, 
Isaak Walton dedicated The Compleat Angler. 

1549. Christopher Aleyn. Brother of Sir John Aleyn (Lord Mayor 1525-6, 1535-6). 

1550. Sir John Ayliffe. Maternal grandson of Sir John Shaa (Lord Mayor 1501-2). 

1558. Sir William Hewet. Son-in-law of Nicholas Leveson (Sherifi 1534-5) and 
father-in-law of Sir Edward Osborne (Lord Mayor 1583-4). 

1551. Sir Thomas Curtes. See Sir John Baddeley's Aldermen of Cripplegaie Ward, 

p. 145-7, for a full account of his prolonged resistance to the order of the Court 
of Aldermen that he should translate himself from the Pewterers to one of the 
12 greater Companies. 

1552. Sir Thomas Leigh. He married the niece of Sir Eowland Hill (Lord Mayor 

1549-50). From his eldest son the Lords Leigh of the present creation, and 
from his second those of the earlier creation were descended ; his third sou 
was grandfather of Sir Francis Leigh, created Earl of Chichester, through 
whom he was ancestor of Chatham and the younger Pitt. His daughter 
Winifred married Sir George Bond (Lord Mayor 1587-S) and was ancestress 
of the Dukes of Marlborough, Viscount Melbourne (the Premier) and the 
later Dukes of Leeds. 

3a. He is the subject of an article in the Dictionary of National Biography, but I omitted 
to put the distinguishing mark to his name at p. 31 of this volume. In the article 
neither the name of his Ward nor the date of his election as Alderman is given, 
and the date of his knighthood is incorrectly recorded. 



172 Notes on the Aldermen, 1220-1912. 

1553. Sir William Chester. Stepson of Sir John Milbourne (Lord Mayor 1521-2). 
He married the widow of William Beswioke (Alderman 1564-5) and was 
ancestor of the Chester Baronets of Chioheley. 

1553. Sir Tliomas Lodge. Son-in-law of Sir William Laxton (Lord Mayor 1544-5) 
and father of Thomas Lodge, the poet, dramatist and writer of tales, from 
whose 'Rosalynde' Shakespeare derived the material for his play "As You 
Like It." Sir Thomas, who had ceased to be an Alderman, was committed to 
Newgate in 1576 for striking Alderman John Braunehe on the face. He was 
the first Mayor ' to leave ye cumly aunsyent custom of shavynge theyr beards.' 
(Stow's Memoranda in Three Fifteenth Century Chronicles, p. 127). For an 
account of his quarrel with Queen Elizabeth's purveyor, Edward Skeggs, who 
carried off 12 capons provided for his table when Lord Mayor, see Strype's 
edition of Stow (1720), i., 289 quoted in Orridge The Citizens of London and 
their Rulers, pp. 127-130. His resignation was brought about by pressure. 
On Sept. 28, 1566, Aldermen Draper and Martyn were commissioned to ' move 
him to surrender.' (Rep. 16, fo. 1146.) 

1553. Sir William Harper. Founder of the Grammar School at Bedford. 

1554. Sir Jolin Whyte. Brother of John Whyte, Bishop of Winchester, an instance 

of two brothers bearing the same baptismal name. He married the widow of 
Ralph Greneway (Alderman 1556-8). ' He wore a rownd cape ' [i.e. cap] ' that 
wayed not iiii. ouncis, which semyd to all men in consyderation of ye aunoient 
bonyt, to be very uncomly ' [Stow's Memoranda in Three Fifteenth Century 
Chronicles, p. 127] . His son Robert's two daughters married respectively 
Sir Richard Tichborne, Bart., and his brother Sir Walter; from the latter 
marriage the present Baronet is descended, the personation of whose uncle 
by Arthur Orton was the origin of the celebrated 'Tichborne case.' ; 

1556. James Altham. Sou of Edward Altham, Sheriff 1631-2. His first wife was 
sister of Sir Thomas Blanke (Lord Mayor 1582-3) and his second was daughter 
of Sir Andrew Judde (Lord Mayor 1550-1). By the former he was father of 
James Altham, Baron of the Exchequer, whose daughter married Arthur 
Annesley, first Earl of Anglesey. Altham was fined 100 marks 'for his 
contemptuous disobedyeuoe in not observynge the order of this Court ' 
[Rep. 14, fo. 513&] July 24, 1561, and discharged from his Aldermanry a week 
later. 

1556. Sir Richard Malorye. Son-in-law of Robert Pakynton, M.P. ior Loudon. 

1556. Sir Christopher Draper. His daughters married respectively Sir William 
Webbe (Lord Mayor 1591-2) Sir Wolstan Dixie (Lord Mayor 1585-6) and Sir 
Nicholas Woodroffe (Lord Mayor 1579-80). Lady Woodrofie took a second 
Aldermanio husband, Sir Henry Billingsley (Lord Mayor 1596-7). 

1556. Sir Roger Martin. Son-in-law of Humphrey Pakington (brother of Robert 

Pakynton, M.P. for London). His wife's sisters married Sir Lionel Duckett 
(Lord Mayor 1572-3) and Edward Jakman (Alderman, Sheriff 1564-5) 
respectively ; the latter afterwards married James Bacon (Alderman, Sheriff 
1568-9) ; the former had previously been the wife of Humphrey Baskerfeld 
(Alderman, Sheriff 1561-2). 

1557. Sir Thom.as Ro^we. Son-in-law of Sir John Gresham (Lord Mayor 1547-8), 

first cousin of Sir William Rowe (Lord Mayor 1592-3), father of Sir Henry 
Rowe (Lord Mayor 1607-8), and grandfather of Sir Thomas Roe, the 
Ambassador. 

1558. John Co"wper. Grandfather of Sir William Cowper, 1st Baronet and ancestor 

of the Earls Cowper and of the poet William Cowper. Stow says that he was 
' put by his term of Mayoralty upon some private displeasure of his brethren.' 
Mr. Kingsford in bis edition of Stow says that Stow ' glosses over his 
shortcomings which lost him his term of Mayoralty.' 

1558. Hum.phrey Baskerfeld. Son-in-law of Humphrey Pakington; his widow 
married Sir Lionel Duckett (Lord Mayor 1572-3). 

1560. Richard Chamberlain. Father of John Chamberlain, the letter-writer. 

1560. Ed'ward Bankes. His widow married George Freville, Baron of the Exchequer. 

1560. Sir Rowland Heywarde. He was the father of 16 children His second 
wife was grand-daughter of Sir Andrew Judde (Lord Mayor 1550-1). His 
daughter Elizabeth married Lord Knyvett; another daughter, .Joan, married 
Sir John Thynne, ancestor of the Marquesses of Bath. 



Notes on the Aldeemen, 1220-1912. 173 

1561. Ed'ward G-ylbert. His grand-daughter married Philip, 3rd Lord Wharton. 

1564. Richard Lambert. His brother Walter was father of the first Lord Oavan 
and ancestor of the Earls of Oavan. 

1564. William Beswicke. His widow married Sir William Chester (Lord Mayor 
1560-1). 

1564. Sir Lionel Duokett. Partner of Sir Thomas Gresham, the founder of the 

Eoyal Exchange, of whose Will he was executor. He married the widow of 
Humphrey Baskerfeld (Alderman, Sheriff 1561-2). 

1565. Sir John Eyvers. Son-in-law of Sir George Barne (Lord Mayor 1552-3) and 

brother-in-law o£ Sir George Barne (Lord Mayor 1586-7). 

1565. Sir James Hawes. One of his daughters married Sir Eobert Lee (Lord 

Mayor 1602-3), and another Sir John Watts (Lord Mayor 1606-7), and a third 
Thomas Wilford, Ohamberlain of the City. 

1566. Sir Ambrose Nicholas. One of his daughters married Sir Paul Tracy, Bart., 

another William Button, from which marriage the Lords Sherborne are 
descended. 

1566. Sir Thomas Eamsey. His widow (daughter of William Dale, of Bristol), 

was a benefactress to Christ's Hospital and to Queen Elizabeth's Hospital, 
Bristol. 

1567. William Bonde. Brother of Sir George Bonde (Lord Mayor, 1587-8) and 

father of Martin Bond, M.P. for the City 1624-5. He purchased Crosby 
Place in 1567. 

1567. James Bacon, Brother of Sir Nicholas Bacon, Lord Keeper, and uncle of 
Francis Bacon, Viscount St. Albans (' Lord Bacon ' as he is generally but 
erroneously styled). Lord Chancellor and philosopher. He married the 
widow of Edward Jakman (Alderman, Sheriff 1564-5). 

1571. Sir Nicholas WoodrofEe. Son of David Woodroffe (Alderman, Sheriif 
1554-5), and son-in-law of Stephen Kyrton (Alderman 1549-53). 

1571. Sir John Branche. Grandson of John Wylkynson (Alderman, Sheriff 
1519-20). Eor his fracas with Sir Thomas Lodge see Sir J. Baddeley's 
Aldermen of Cripplegate Ward, p. 281. 

1573. Sir Edward Osborne. Apprentice to Sir William Hewet (Lord Mayor 
1559-60), whose daughter he rescued from drowning at London Bridge, and 
afterwards married. He was great-grandfather of the first Duke of Leeds 
(the Lord Treasurer Danby of Charles II. 's reign) and ancestor of the 
present Duke. 

1573. Sir Thomas Pullyson. He lived to a great age and fell on evil days; the 

Court of Aldermen granted him a pension of £40 for life which was continued 
to his widow. In April, 1616, 28 years after his retirement from the Court 
of Aldermen, he was reported to be very sick and speechless. His daughter 
married Eichard Wilbraham, Common Serjeant, from which marriage the 
Earls of Lathom are descended. 

1574. Sir Wolstan Dixie. Son-in-law of Sir Christopher Draper (Lord Mayor 

1566-7) and founder of Market Bosworth Grammar School. 

1574. William Kympton. He was imprisoned and fined 500 marks for misprision 
of treason in concealing a letter from the Vicar of Hadley informing him 
of a, riot. 

1574. G-erard Gore. Father of Sir John Gore (Lord Mayor 1624-5), William Gore 
(Alderman, Sheriff 1615-6) and Eichard Gore, M.P. for the City 1604-11. 

1574. Sir George Barne. Son of Sir George Barne (Lord Mayor 1552-8) and 
brother-in-law of Sir Francis Walsingham, Secretary of State to Queen 
Elizabeth. His daughter married the first Lord Aungier of Longford. 

1576. Francis Bowyer. His daughter married Sir William Spencer of Yarnton, 
and their daughter married Sir Henry Montagu, Lord Chief Justice and 
Lord High Treasurer, created Earl of Manchester, and was mother of the 
2nd Earl (the celebrated Parliamentarian General) from whom the Dukes 
of Manchester are descended. 

1576. Thomas Starkye. His first wife was daughter of Sir Alexander Avenon 
(Lord Mayor 1569-70) and his second of Sir William AUeyn (Lord Mayor 
1571-2). 



174 Notes on the Aldermen, 1220-1912. 

1578. Sir George Bonde. Son-in-law of Sir Thomas Leigh (Lord Mayor 1558-9). 
Through one daughter he was ancestor of Viscount Melbourne, the first 
Prime Minister of Queen Victoria, and through another of the Dukes of 
Marlborough, Lord Randolph Churchill, Mr. Winston Churchill and the 
later Dukes of Leeds. 

1578. Sir Richard Martin. His daughter married Sir Julius Csesar (Chancellor of 
the Exchequer and Master of the Rolls, temp. King James I.). He was removed 
from his Aldermanry in 1602 on account of his ' unfitting demeanour and 
carriage.' See Overall Remembrancia, p. 4. 

1580. Sir Jolin Harte. One of the chief founders of the Bast India Company. 

His eldest daughter married Sir George Bolles (Lord Mayor 1617-8) and his 
second Humphrey Smith (Alderman, Sheriff 1629-30). 

1581. Sir Williani Webbe. Son-in-law of Sir Christopher Draper (Lord Mayor 

1566-7) and uncle of Archbishop Laud. 

1583. Sir John Spencer. He bought Crosby Place from the heirs of William 

Bonde (Alderman, Sheriff 1567-8) . His daughter (his only child) eloped with 
Lord Compton, afterwards Earl of Northampton. According to the legend 
she escaped from her father's house, secreted in a baker's basket. Prom 
her marriage the Marquesses of Northampton, Bishop Compton of London 
and two Prime Ministers (the Earl of Wilmington and Spencer Perceval) 
were descended. 

1584. Sir Stephen Slanye. His daughter was mother of Sir Stephen Lennard, 

1st Baronet of West Wickham. 

1585. Sir Henry Billingsley. The first translator of Euclid's Elements of 

Geometry into English. His second wife was daughter of Sir Christopher 
Draper (Lord Mayor 1556-7) . 

1586. Henry Prannell. His widow, daughter of the 3rd Viscount Bindon, was 

married after his death to the Earl of Hertford (son of the Protector 
Somerset) and later to the 1st Duke of Richmond and Lennox. 

1586. "William Blkyn. Son-in-law of Thomas Wylkes (Alderman 1538-9). 

1588. Hugh Offley. Brother of Sir Thomas Offley (Lord Mayor 1556-7) and son-in- 
law of Robert Hardyng (Alderman, Sheriff 1568). 

1588. Sir Richard Saltonstall. He had a family of 7 sons and 9 daughters. 

His eldest son was ancestor of the Earls of Guilford ; one of his daughters 
married Sir Thomas Myddelton (Lord Mayor 1613-14) , another was mother 
of Sir Peter Wyohe, Ambassador to Constantinople. 

1589. John Dent. His widow married Sir Julius Caesar, Chancellor of the Exchequer 

and Master of the Rolls, whose first wife was daughter of Sir Richard Martin 
(Lord Mayor 1589, 1594). His daughter married Sir Henry Savile, Bart., of 
Methley, whose half-brother was ancestor of the Earls of Mexborough. 

1589. Sir Stephen Soame. His eldest son, Sir William, was grandfather of Sir 
William, created a baronet in 1685. He was also father of Sir Stephen 
(Alderman 1626-7) and Sir Thomas (Alderman, Sheriff 1635-6). His daughter 
married Sir Anthony Abdy, Bart., son of Anthony Abdy (Alderman, Sheriff 
1630-1). 

1589. Sir Nicholas Mosley. Father of Sir Edward Mosley, Attorney of the Court 

of Wards, and of Rowland Mosley, whose son Edward was created a Baronet. 
The present Sir Oswald Mosley, Bart., of Anooats, is descended from the 
Alderman's brother Anthony. The Alderman was also ancestor of the Earls 
of Buckinghamshire and of Stamford. 

1590. Robert Wythens. Ancestor of Sir Francis Wythens, Judge of the King's 

Bench in the reigns of Charles II. and James II. 

1591. Sir Williani Ryder. He is said to have made the first pair of stockings 

knitted of woollen yarn in England. His eldest daughter m.arried Sir Thomas 
Lake, Secretary of State to James I., from which marriage Viscount Lake, 
the Indian General, and the 2nd and 3rd Dukes of Chandos were descended. 
1591. Benedict Barnham. Son of Francis Barnham (Alderman, Sheriff 1570-1). 
His second daughter , married Francis Bacon ('Lord Bacon') her elder sister 
being the first wife of the infamous Mervin, Earl of Castlehaven. Barnham's 
widow married successively after his death Sir John Pakington, K.B., the 
1st Viscount Kilmorey and the 1st Earl of Kellie, being the fourth wife of 
each of the two peers. 



Notes on the Aldermen, 1220-1912. 175 

1592. Jolin Robinson. His grandson, Luke Robinson, was a prominent member 
of the ' Rump ' Parliament, and one of the Council of State in the early 
part of 1660. 

1592. Sir John Garrarde. Son of Sir William Garrarde (Lord Mayor 1555-6). 

His sou Sir John was created a Baronet and was father of Sir Samuel (Lord 
Mayor 1709-10). 

1593. Paul Bayning. Brother of Andrew Bayning (Alderman 1605) and father of 

Paul, created Viscount Bayning. 

1593. Sir Robert Lee. Son-in-law of Sir James Hawes (Lord Mayor 1574-5). His 

widow married Sir Thomas Gerard, Bart., of Bryn, ancestor by his former 
wife of the Lords Gerard. He was father of Sir Henry Lee (Alderman 1614) 
and father-in-law of William Gore (Alderman, Sheriff 1615-6). 

1594. Sir Thomas Bennett. Father of Sir Simon Bennett, Bart. His elder 

brother Richard was father of Thomas Bennett (Alderman, Sheriff 1613-4). 

1594. Sir Thomas Lo'we. His eldest daughter married Sir Robert Lee, son of 
Sir Robert Lee (Lord Mayor 1602-3). Their daughter married Lord Seymour 
of Trowbridge. A younger daughter of Sir Thomas married Sir John 
Garrarde, 1st Bart., son of Sir John (Lord Mayor 1601-2), and a, niece was 
second wife of Lord Keeper Coventry. 

1594. Sir Leonard Halliday. His widow became the second wife of Sir Henry 
Montagu, Recorder of London, afterwards Earl of Manchester, Lord Chief 
Justice and Lord High Treasurer. 

1594. Richard Staper. He is described on his monument in St. Helen's, 
Bishopsgate, as ' the greatest merchant in his tyme, the chiefest actor in 
discoveri of the trades of Turkey and East India.' 

1594. Sir John "Watts. Son-in-law of Sir James Hawes (Lord Mayor 1574-5). He 

served as a volunteer in the fleet against the Spanish Armada. His youngest 
daughter married Sir Henry Appleton, Bart. 

1595. Sir Richard Goddard. He married the widow of Giles Garton (Alderman 

1588-9); she, after his death, married WiUiam Walthall (Alderman, SheriS 
1606-7). 

1590. Sir Henry Rowe. Son of Sir Thomas Rowe (Lord Mayor 1568-9) and 
grandson of Sir John Gresham (Lord Mayor 1547-8), ancestor of the 
Marquesses of Downshire through the marriage of his great-great-grand- 
daughter to the 1st Viscount Hillsborough. His daughter married William 
Hollidaie (Alderman, Sheriff 1617-8). 

1596. Robert Chamberlain. His widow married the 1st Viscount Wenman. 

1596. Oliver Style. Grandson of Sir Thomas Baldry (Lord Mayor 1523-4), father 

of Sir Thomas Style, created a Baronet (ancestor of the present Baronet) and 
brother of Nicholas Style (Alderman, Sheriff 1607-8). 

1597. Sir Robert Hampson. Father of Thomas Hampson, created a Baronet, from 

whom the present Baronet descends. 

1598. Sir Humphrey "Weld. Son-in-law of Sir Stephen Slanye (Lord Mayor 

1595-6), and ancestor of the Welds of Lulworth. 

1598. Sir Christopher Hoddesdon. His wife was step-daughter of Sir Francis 

Walsingham, Queen Elizabeth's Secretary of State, and grand-daughter of 
Sir George Barne (Lord Mayor 1552-3). His daughter married Sir John Leigh 
of Stoneieigh, and was mother of the first Lord Leigh. He accompanied 
Chancellor in his two voyages to Russia. 

1599. "William Quarles. Brother-in-law of Sir John AUott (Lord Mayor 1590-1). 

His widow married Sir Henry Lee (Alderman 1614). 

1599. Sir Thomas Smythe (or Smith). Grandson of Sir Andrew Judde (Lord 
Mayor 1550-1), and uncle of the first Viscount Strangford. His widow married 
the first Earl of Leicester of the Sydney line. His name is written ' Smith ' 
on his monument at Sutton-at-Hone, Kent, but the Strangford family 
preferred ' Smythe.' His grandson, Robert, married the Dowager Countess of 
Sunderland, Waller's ' Sacoharissa.' His last male descendant was Sir Sidney 
Stafford Smythe, Baron of the Exchequer in George III.'s reign. 



176 Notes on the Aldermen, 1220-1912. 

1599. Sir Thomas Canataell. Brother of Robert CambeU (Alderman 1597), and 

father of Sir James Oambell (Lord Mayor 1629-30) and Eobert CambeU 
(Sherifi 1630-1). Three of bis seven daughters married Aldermen, viz: 
Sir John Gore (Lord Mayor 1624-5) , Sir Christopher Clitherow (Lord Mayor 
1635-6), and Anthony Abdy (Sheriff 1630-1). 

1600. Sir ■William Craven. Brother-in-law of Sir George Whitmore (Lord Mayor 

1631-2) and father of the first Earl Craven and of Lord Craven of Eyton, the 
founder of the Craven Scholarships at Oxford and Cambridge. His daughters 
married respectively Lord Powis, father of the Jacobite Marquis of Powis and 
the second Lord Coventry, by whom she was mother of the first and fourth 
Earls of Coventry. 

1601. Sir Henry Anderson. Son-in-law of Francis Bowyer (Alderman, Sheriff 

1577-8), and grandfather of Henry Anderson, created a Baronet. His eldest 
daughter was mother of Sir Thomas Dereham, Bart., the third married the 
second Viscount Kilmorey, but died before he succeeded to the title, the fourth 
was wife of Sir Charles Wilmot, created Viscount Wilmot, by which marriage 
she was grandmother of the profligate Earl of Rochester, the youngest married 
Sir John Spencer, Bart., of Offiey. 

1602. Sir James Pemberton. He founded a free school at Eccleston. 

1602. Sir John Swynnerton. His grand-daughter married Sir William Dyer, 1st 
Baronet, and was ancestress of the succeeding Baronets of the family. 

1602. Sir William Eomeney. Son-in-law of Robert Taylor (Alderman, Sherifi 

1592-3). His elder daughter married John Weld, Town Clerk of London 
(nephew of Sir Humphrey Weld, Lord Mayor 1608-9). 

1603. Sir Thom.as Middleton (or Myddelton). He did not accept the 

Aldermanry until after committal to Newgate for refusing. The third Welsh 
Lord Mayor. Brother of Sir Hugh Myddelton, Bart., the designer of the 
New River, and son-in-law of Sir Richard Saltonstall (Lord Mayor 1597-8). 
His son. Sir Thomas, was the well-known parliamentary commander in the 
Civil War. 

1603. Sir Thomas Hayes. Son-in-law of Robert Howse (Alderman, Sheriff 1586-7). 

His daughter married Sir Henry Boothby, 1st Baronet, and was ancestress of 
the succeeding Baronets. 

1604. John Bldred. The well-known traveller, father of Sir Rivett Eldred, Bart. 
1604. Sir Roger Jones. Brother of Thomas Jones, Archbishop of Dublin and Lord 

Chancellor of Ireland, who was father of the first Viscount Ranelagh. He 
married a sister of Sir Cuthbert Hacket (Lord Mayor 1626-7). 

1604. Sir James Deane. Son-in-law of Hugh Offley (Alderman, Sheriff 1588-9). 

1605. Sir "William Herrick. Uncle of Robert Herrick, the poet. His wife was a 

sister of Sir Humphrey May, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and also 
of the wives of Sir Baptist Hicks (Alderman 1611), afterwards Viscount 
Campden, and of Thomas Bennett (Alderman, Sheriff 1613-4). 

1605. "William "Walthall. Brother of Thomas Walthall (Alderman 1611). His 
fourth and last wife had previously been married to two Aldermen, Giles 
Garton (1.588-9), and Sir Richard Goddard (Sheriff 1596-7). 

1605. Sir John Leman. One of the few bachelor Lord Mayors, uncle of William 
Leman (Alderman 1649, 1653), who was created a Baronet. He founded a 
free school at Beccles. 

1605. Sir "William Bond. Son of Sir George Bond (Lord Mayor 1587-8). He 
refused at first to accept his Aldermanry and was committed to Newgate ' till 
he conform himself.' 

1605. G-eoflrey Blwes. Cousin of Sir Gervase Elwes, Lieutenant of the Tower, who 
was executed for his complicity in the murder of Sir Thomas Overbury. 
Father of Sir Gervase (Alderman 1629), whose son Gervase was created a 
Baronet, and of Jeremy (Alderman 1651) . 

1607. Sir George Bolles. Son-in-law of Sir John Harte (Lord Mayor 1589-90), 
father of Sir John Bolles, 1st Baronet and father-in-law of Humphrey Smith 
(Alderman, Sheriff 1629-30). He is said, when Lord Mayor, to have stopped 
the royal carriages in their progress through the City during divine 
service on a Sunday, to the amazement of James I. who remarked that he had 
thought there was no king in England besides himself. He was a native of 
Gosberton in Lincolnshire, which was also the birthplace of Sir T. B. Orosbv 
(Lord Mayor 1911-2). ■' 

1607. Richard Farrington. Brother-in-law of Sir Stephen Soame (Lord Mayor 1593-9). 



Notes on the Aldermen, 1220-1912. 177 

1609. Henry Smith (or Smjrth.). He left sums for the relief of the poor in 
Croydon, Kingston, Guildford, Dorking, Parnham, Ileigate and Wandsworth. 
Fuller writes of him : ' Being now to relate the bounty of this worthy person, 
I am afraid that an infidel age will not give credit thereunto, as conceiving it 
rather a romance or fiction than a thing really performed.' 

1609. Sir Sebastian Harvey. Son of Sir James Harvye (Lord Mayor 1681-2). 

1609. Sir "William. Cokaynie. See his funeral sermon by Dr. Donne in Wilford's 

Memorials, pp. 292, 293. His widow married the first Earl of Dover. His 
son was created Viscount Cullen. His eldest surviving daughter married the 
second Earl of Nottingham of the Howard line; his second, Sir Hatton 
Fermor, Bart., by which marriage she was ancestress of the Earls of Pomfret ; 
the third, the Earl of Holdernesse and afterwards the second Earl of Lindsey, 
by whom she was ancestress of the Dukes and Earls of Ancaster ; the fourth, 
Viscount Panshawe, and the fifth, the second Earl of Dover, her mother's 
stepson. Payne Fisher {Tombs in St. Paul's Cathedral) says of Cokayne that 
' his spreading boughs and fair branches have given both shade and shelter to 
some of the goodliest families in England.' 

1610. Eicliarcl Pyot. Father-in-law of Sir Robert Ducye (Lord Mayor 1630-1). 

1610. Sir Edward Barkham. Father of Sir Edward Barkham, first Baronet of 

Southacre, and grandfather of Sir Edward Barkham, first Baronet of 
Waiufleet. His daughter Susanna, by her marriage with Robert Walpole, was 
great-grandmother of Sir Robert Walpole, the Prime Minister, first Earl of 
Orford ; another daughter, Margaret, married Sir Anthony Irby, ancestor by 
another wife of the Lord Boston. 

1611. G-eorge Smythes. His widow married Sir Arthur Savage. 

1611. Sir Baptist Hicks. Created Viscount Campdeu, ancestor of the Earl of 
Gainsborough. He built Hicks Hall (the Session House for the Middlesex 
Magistrates). His brother, Sir Michael Hicks, was ancestor of Viscount 
St. Aldwyn. His second daughter was grandmother of the first Earl of Essex 
of the present line. 

1611. BriaJl lanson. Father of Sir Brian lanson, first Baronet. 

1611. George Huxley. His widow married the first Viscount Kilmorey. 

1612. Alexander Prescott. He married a niece of Sir James Pemberton (Lord 

Mayor 1611-2). A grand-daughter married Sir William Leman, first Baronet 
(Alderman 1649, 1653). 

1613. Thomas Bennet. Nephew of Sir Thomas Bennet (Lord Mayor 1603-4), and 

brother-in-law of Sir Humphrey May, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. 
His son Thomas v?as created a Baronet, one of his daughters married Henry 
RoUe (Chief Justice), and another was the first wife of Bulstrode Whitelocke, 
the writer of the Memorials. His elder brother was ancestor of the Earls of 
Tankerville, the Earl of Arlington of the ' Cabal ' and the second and 
succeeding Dukes of Grafton. 

1613. Henry Jeye. Father-in-law of Sir Edward Nicholas, Secretary of State to 

Charles II. 

1614. Sir Henry Lee. Son of Sir Robert Lee (Lord Mayor 1602-3). His first vrife 

was daughter of Richard Gourney (Alderman, Sheriff 1589-90) ; his second was 
sister of Sir John AUott (Lord Mayor 1590-1), and widow of William Quarles 
(Alderman 1599). 
1614. Sir Peter Proby. Ancestor of the Earls of Carysfort. Chamberlain, in a 
letter to Alice Garleton, says he had been ' Secretary Walsingham's barber.' 
He owed his rise to the patronage of Sir Thomas Heneage, Chancellor of the 
Duchy of Lancaster. 

1614. Sir Martin Lumley. Grandson of a Genoese who settled in England temp. 

Henry VIII. Father of Sir Martin Lumley, first Baronet. 

1615. "William Gore. 5th son of Gerard Gore (Alderman 1574), younger brother of 

Sir John Gore (Lord Mayor 1624-5) , and son-in-law of Sir Robert Lee (Lord 
Mayor 1602-3). His widow married Sir John Coke, Secretary of State. 

1615. Sir John Gore. 4th son of Gerard Gore (see preceding note). By his second 

wife, a daughter of Sir Thomas Cambell (Lord Mayor 1609-10), he was 
ancestor of the Gore-Langton family, represented by the present Earl Temple. 
His eldest daughter married John Cotton (Alderman 1649) . 

1616. Sir Allan Cotton. Brother of William Cotton (Alderman 1607), and 

father of John Cotton (Alderman 1649). 



178 Notes on the Aldermen, 1220-1912. 

1616. Sir Cuthbert Hacket. Brother-in-law of Sir Roger Jones (Alderman, 

Sherlf! 1604-5). His daughter, by her marriage with Sir Thomas Dawes, was 
grandmother of Sir William Dawes, Bart., Archbishop of York. His son, 
Koger, an eloquent divine, is the subject of a notice in the Dictionary of 
National Biography. 

1617. "William Halliday (rectius HoUidaie). Son-in-law of Sir Henry Rows 

(Lord Mayor 1607-8). His widow married the second Earl of Warwick of the 
Rich line. His daughters married respectively Sir Henry Mildmay, Master 
of the Jewel Office, and Sir Edward Hungerford, K.B. 

1618. Ricliard Heme. Grandfather of Nicholas Heme (Alderman 1657), Sir 

Nathaniel Heme (Alderman, SheriS 1674-5), and Sir Joseph Heme (Alderman 
1686-7). 

1620. Sir Richard Deane. Father-in-law of William Methold (Alderman 1647) 
and Robert Myldmay (Alderman 1626). 

1620. Sir James Cambell. Son of Sir Thomas Cambell (Lord Mayor 1609-10), 
brother of Robert Cambell (Alderman 1597). 

1620. Sir Robert Ducye. Son-in-law of Richard Pyot (Alderman, Sherifi 1610-1). 

His son was created Viscount Downe and his grand-daughter, by her marriage 
with Edward Moreton, was mother of Matthew Duoie-Moreton, created Lord 
Dacie, and of Elizabeth, ancestress by her marriage with Francis Reynolds of 
the Earls of Ducie. 

1621. Sir G-eorge Whitmore. Grandson of William Bond (Alderman, Sherifi 1567-8) 

brother-in-law of Sir William Graven (Lord Mayor 1610-1) and father-in-law 
of Sir John Robinson (Lord Mayor 1662-3). His elder brother. Sir William, 
was ancestor of the Whitmores of Apley. He was a strong supporter of 
Charles I. against the Parliamentarians and was imprisoned as a 'delinquent.' 

1621. Sir "William. Tirrey. Son-in-law of Henry Wollaston (Alderman 1612). 

1621. Sir Nicholas Rainton. He was one of the four Aldermen (the others being 
J.Gayre,T. Soame and T. Atkyn) who were committed to the Tower in May 1640 
for refusing to make lists of the inhabitants of their Wards able to contribute 
£50 or more to a loan for the service of Charles I. Though opposed to the King 
on this occasion Soame and Gayre were subsequently ejected from their 
Aldermanries for their Royalist sympathies. 

1621. Richard Cocks. His elder son was ancestor of the Earls Somers and of the 

present Lord Somers ; the younger, Richard, was created a Baronet. 

1622. "William. Ferrers. His daughter married Sir Arthur Ingram, and was mother 

of Sir Thomas Ingram, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. 

1622. Henry Parkhurst. Elder brother of Sir Robert Parkhurst (Lord Mayor 
1634-5). 

1622. iTohrL Hodges. His widow married (being the 4th of his seven wives) Sir 
Gervase Clifton, Bart. 

1622. Thomas Marsham. Father of Sir John Marsham, first Baronet and ancestor 
of the Earls of Roniney. 

1622. Ralph Freeman. His daughter married Lord Sondes, afterwards Earl of 

Peversham. 

1623. Sir Thomas Moulson. Son-in-law of Anthony Ratolyffe (Alderman, Sheriff 

1585-6) , brother-in-law of Sir Nicholas Rainton (Lord Mayor 1632-3), and uncle 
of Sir Edward Turner, Speaker of the House of Commons. 

1624. Thomas Overman. Brother-in-law of Sir Edward Bromfield (Lord Mavor 

1636-7). 

1624. Ro-wrland Heylin. A Welshman. He caused the Bible to be printed in Welsh 

' in a more portable bulk ' (Stow, ed. Munday, 1633). 

1625. G-eorge Chetham. Brother of Humphrey Chetham of Manchester, the 

founder of the Chetham Library there. 

162§. Thomas "Westro-w. His daughter married Sir Norton KnatchbuU, first 
Baronet, and was ancestregs. of the succeeding Baronets and of Ihe Lords 
Brabourne. 



Notes on the Aldermen, 1220-1912. 179 

1625. Ellis Crispe. Father (by his first wife) of Sir Nicholas Crisp, Bart. His nieces 

(daughters of his brother Nicholas) married respectively Sir Thomas Cullum 
(Alderman, Sheriff 1646-7) and Sir Abraham Reynardson (Lord Mayor 1648-9). 
His widow married Sir Walter Pye, Attorney of the Court of Wards. 

1626. Sir Christopher Clithero-w. Son-in-law of Sir Thomas Cambell (Lord 

Mayor 1609-10). His daughter married Sir Thomas Trollope, first Baronet, 
the ancestor by an earlier wife of the Lords Kesteven. 

1626. Gideon Delaune. A native of Rheims. His relation, Thomas Delaune 
(Present State of London, Ed. 1681, p. 329) says that he had ' thirty-seven 
children by one wife,' and that ' his famous pill is in groat request to this day,' 
The number of his children is here considerably exaggerated. He had only 
seventeen, few of whom lived to maturity. 

1626. Sir John Hanbury. Ancestor of the Lords Bateman of the present creation. 

1626. Sir Edward Bromfleld. His eldest son John was created a Baronet, and his 
daughter married Sir Henry Hudson, first Baronet. 

1626. Sir Richard Fenn. Son-in-law of James CoUymore (Alderman 1610). 

1626. George Buswell. Father of Sir George Buswell, Bart. 

1626. Robert Myldmay. Son-in-law of Sir Richard Deane (Lord Mayor 1628-9). 

1626. Sir Stephen Soame. Son of Sir Stephen Soame (Lord Mayor 1598-9) and 
brother of Sir Thomas Soame (Alderman, Sheriff 1635-6). His son Peter 
succeeded to his cousin's Baronetcy. 

1626. Sir Morris Abbot. Brother of George Abbot, Archbishop of Canterbury, and 

of Robert Abbot, Bishop of Salisbury ; son-in-law of Bartholomew Barnes 
(Alderman 1599). 

1627. Sir Henry Garaway. Son of Sir William Garaway, Farmer of the Customs, 

nephew of Sir Henry Anderson (Alderman, Sheriff 1601-2) and ancestor, through 
his daughter, of Viscount Melbourne, the Prime Minister. 

1627. Thomas Morley. Brother-in-law of William Sebright, Town Clerk. 

1627. Sir Henry Eo"we. Son of Sir Henry Rowe (Lord Mayor 1607-8) and grandson 
of Sir Thomas Rowe (Lord Mayor 1568-9). 

1627. "William "WoUaston. Son of Henry WoUaston (Alderman 1612) and 
brother-in-law of Sir William Tirrey (Alderman 1621). 

1627. Rowland Backhouse. Son of Nicholas Backhouse (Alderman, Sheriff 1577-8). 
His grandson, William Backhouse, was created a Baronet. 

1627. John Chamberlain. He was fined £300 for neglecting his duties as Alderman 

after being sworn, January 7, 1628, and committed to Newgate in default of 
payment. The Court of King's Bench having declined to release him when 
brought before it on a writ of habeas corpus in May, he on November 11 
following came before the Court of Aldermen and made submission, when his 
fine was reduced to 100 marks and .^0 shillings in fees to officials. 

1628. "WiUiam. Mott. Father-in-law of Sir Thomas Foot (Lord Mayor 1649-50). 

1628. Sir William Acton.^ His daughter and sole heiress married Sir Thomas 

Whitmore, Bart., nephew of Sir George Whitmore (Lord Mayor 1681-2). 

1629. Humphrey Smith. Son-in-law of Sir George BoUes (Lord Mayor 1617-8). 
1629. Sir Gervais Elwes. Son of Geoffrey Elwes (Alderman, Sheriff 1607-8) and 

father of Sir Gervais Klwes, created a Baronet, ancestor of the succeeding 
Baronets and of John Elwes, the miser. His wife was grand-daughter of Sir 
Robert Lee (Lord Mayor 1602-3). 
1629 Robert Bateman. Father of four Aldermen— Richard (1648), Sir Anthony 
(Lord Mayor 1663-4), Sir William (1657), Sir Thomas (1662). 



4. It is erroneously stated in Loftie's ffisforj/o/ioradon.ii., 325, in G. B. C[okayne]'s 
Complete Baronetage, ii., 72 and (' quandoque bonus dormitat Homerus ') in 
Dr. Sharpe's I/0«don and the Kingdom, ii., 130, that Acton was elected Lord Mayor 
in September, 1640, and afterwards discharged by Parliament. (G. E. C. fixes the 
exact date, October 6, 1640, of such discharge.) As a matter of fact his name was 
not one of the two returned to the Court by the Common Hall, though he was the 
Senior Alderman below the Chair, and, as Macaulay would say, ' every schoolboy 
knows' that no parliament was in existence at that date. The Long Parliament 
did not meet till November 3, on which day Wright, who had been elected Lord 
Mayor, was presiding in the Court of Aldermen in virtue of his office (Rep. 55, fo. 1). 



180 Notes on the Aldermen, 1220-1912. 

1629. Sir Bdnnmd Wright. His three daughters married respectively Sir James 
Harrington, Bart., (one of the High Court of Justice before which Charles I. 
was tried). Sir Richard Atltyns, Bart., and Sir Eobert Gordell, Bart. 

1631. Anthony Abdy. Son-in-law of Sir Thomas Cambell (Lord Mayor 1609-10) and 

brother-in-law of Sir James Cambell (Lord Mayor 1629-30). Baronetcies were 
conferred on each of his three sons, Thomas, Robert and John, all of which 
have become extinct, but the present Sir Anthony Abdy, Bart., is descended 
through a female ancestor from Sir Thomas. 
1681. Eobert Oambell. Younger son of Sir Thomas Cambell (Lord Mayor 1609-10) 
and brother of Sir James Cambell (Lord Mayor 1629-30). His younger son 
Thomas Cambell was created a Baronet and a similar honour was conferred on 
John Cambell, son of his elder son James. Through a grand-daughter he was 
ancestor of Viscount St. Aldwyn. 

1632. Samuel Oranmer. ' The last male heir of the eldest of Archbishop Cranmer's 

sons ' [Sir J. Baddeley, Aldermen of GrippUgate Ward, p. 62] . His only 
daughter married Sir Anthony Chester, Bart., whose uncle, Sir Heary Chester, 
K.B., was the second husband of her mother, the Alderman's widow (a sister 
of Thomas Wood, Bisliop of Lichfield). 
1632. Hugh. Perry. His widow married Lord Newburgh. Jane Perry, wife of the 
second Lord Pitzwilliam and mother of the first Earl Fitzwilliam and of Jane, 
who married Sir Christopher Wren, is ' generally said' to have been a daughter 
of the Alderman [G. E. O.'s Complete Peerage, iii., 380]. This, however, is 
doubtful. Three daughters, Mary, Catherine and Bebecca married respectively 
Sirs Edward Stradling, William Permor and Eobert Bindlosse, Baronets, the 
second being ancestress of the Earls of Pomf ret. 

1634. Sir Eicbard Gurney. A sturdy Cavalier, removed from the Mayoralty and 

impeached by the House of Commons for publishing the King's commission of 
array. He refused to give up the City's sword to anyone but the King. His 
daughter married the second Lord Cramond. 

1635. John Cordell. His son Robert was created a Baronet. Both Cordell and Sir 

Thomas Soame were passed over for the Mayoralty on account of their 
Royalist sympathies. 

1635. Sir Thomas Soame. Son of Sir Stephen Soame (Lord Mayor 1598-9). He 

was one of the six Aldermen restored to their seats at the Restoration, having 
been removed by the Parliamentarians. The others were Sirs T. Adams, 
A. Reynardson, J. Langham, J. Bunco, R. Browne. 

1636. Sir John Gayer. Uncle of Sir John Gayer, Governor of Bombay. One of his 

daughters married Sir Robert Abdy, Bart, (son of Anthony Abdy, Alderman and 
Sheriff 1630-1), another Sir Andrew Henley, Bart. He instituted the 'Lion' 
sermon at St. Katherine Cree Church. See Wilford's Memorials, pp 450-452. 
1636. William Abell. He was specially obnoxious to the London Commons as a 
' projector ' of the 40s. duty on wine, and was attacked in many pamphlets 
and broadsides. He retired to Holland in 1655, and nothing later is known 
of him. 

1638. Sir Thomas Atkyn. One of the leaders of the parliamentary party in the 

City, and the object of several Cavalier lampoons, many of them being very 
coarse, e.g., ' Upon Alderman Atkins .... on the great Training day,' 
{Bump Songs, i., 136). The unpleasant incident there related is frequently 
referred to in that collection (ii., 54, 58, 72, 103). Nothing is known of his 
history after the Restoration. He was nominated one of the Court for the 
trial of Charles I., but did not act. 

1639. Isaac Penington. A leader of the parliamentary party in the City, and one 

of the Court for trying Charles I., but he absented himself from the final 
sitting and did not sign the death warrant. He resigned his Aldermanry 
on account of financial reverses. Of his three sons two were Quakers and 
one a Romanist Priest.^" 

4a. For the proposal, which was not carried into effect, that he, with Aldermen Atkyn 
and Andrewes, should he knighted by the Speaker, see vol. I , p. 229, also Somers 
Tracts, vii., 57 (a tract entitled ' Hosanna or a Song of Thanksgiving set forth in 
three notable speeches at Grocers' Hall on the last solemn day of thanksgiving, 
June 7th, 1649 '), where Hugh Peters is represented as saying, ' It was God's mercy 
you had not all been knighted: for it was put to the vote whether my Lord 
Mayor should be knighted and whether you, Alderman Pennington and Alderman 
Atkins should be dubb'd Sir Isaac and Sir Thomas of the State's own creation, 
Jgut since it was resolved otherwise, I will make you all lords like myself.' 



Notes on the Aldeemen, 1220-1912. 181 

1639. Sir Thomas Adams. See his funeral sermon by Nathaniel Hardy in 

Wilford's Memorials, where he is described as ' the Darling of the City : in the 
Court of Aldermen lie was as an Oracle.' He endowed the Arabic professorship 
at Cambridge and founded a school at Wem. He was a sturdy cavalier and 
spent considerable sums in aid of the cause. Fuller {Worthies, iii., 67) says 
of him ' A man who hath drunk of the bitter waters of Meribah without 
making a bad face thereat, cheerfully submitting himself to God's pleasure in 
all conditions.' 

1640. Sir Abraham Reymardson. A leading Eoyalist. He was deprived of the 

Mayoralty and of his Aldermanry for refusing to proclaim the abolition of the 
Monarchy and the House of Lords. 

1641. Sir Thomas Lawley. His widow married Chief Justice Glynne. 

1641. Sir George Clarke. Son-in-law of Eobert Palmer (Alderman 1625), father of 

Sir George Clarke, Bart., and father-in-law of Lord Chief Baron Sir Eobert 
Atkyns. 

1642. Sir John Langham. Brother-in-law of Sir James Bunce (Alderman, Sheriff 

1643-4). His daughter married Sir Martin Lumley, 2nd Baronet (grandson 
of Sir Martin Lumley, Lord Mayor 1623-4). He was deprived of his 
Aldermanry, together with the other Cavalier Aldermen, Keynardson, Adams, 
Bunce and Gayer, in 1649, after the execution of Charles I. He had refused 
to accept election when first chosen Alderman until after imprisonment in 
Newgate for contumacy. 

1642. Sir Thomas Andrewes. One of the leaders of the parliamentarian party in 
the City. He sat on the Court which tried Charles I., and was present when 
sentence was pronounced, but did not sign the warrant. 

1642. Sir Hugh "Wyndham. Grandson of Eichard Chamberlain (Alderman, 
Sherifi 1562-3). 

1642. John Fo"wke. A leading civic parliamentarian who had been imprisoned for 
refusing to pay tunnage and poundage. He was named a member of the 
Court of Justice for trying Charles I., but did not act. 

1642. Sir James Bunce. Brother-in-law of Sir John Langham (Alderman, Sheriff 
1642-3). For an anecdote illustrating his conscientiousness see Fuller's 
Worthies (ed. Nuttall), i., 522. He was a staunch Eoyalist. 

1642. Eichard Chambers. He was imprisoned by the Star Chamber for refusing 

to pay tunnage and poundage, and later refused to pay ship money nntil after 
commitment. He appears to have been a cantankerous person, as he 
subsequently became a martyr on the other side, being deprived of his 
Aldermanry, together with Sir Thomas Soame, for refusing to attend the 
proclamation of the establishment of the Commonwealth. Like the pro- 
verbial Irishman he was usually ' agin the Government.' 

1643. Samuel Warner. He was committed to Newgate for refusing to accept 

election as Alderman, but surrendered the following day. 
1643. Sir Thomas Foot. His three daughters married respectively Sir John Cutler, 
Arthur Onslow and John Lewys, Baronets, of whom the first and third were 
Aldermen. His wife was daughter of William Mott (Alderman 1628). His 
Baronetcy descended under special limitation to his son-in-law, Arthur Onslow, 
father of the first Lord Onslow (who was Speaker of the House of Commons), 
grandfather of the more celebrated Speaker, Arthur Onslow, and ancestor of 
the Earls Onslow. 

1646. Sir Thomas Vyner. Uncle of Sir Eobert Vyner (Lord Mayor 1674-5). His 

first wife was sister of the wife of Sir Frances Bickley (Alderman 1649), the 
second was sister of Sir "William Humble (Alderman 1651), and the third was 
widow of John Perryn (Alderman 1657). 

1647. William Methold. Nephew of Sir William Methold, Lord Chief Baron of 

Exchequer (Ireland) and son-in-law of Sir Eichard Deane (Lord Mayor 1628 9). 
He was the first Englishman to visit the diamond mines of Golconda. 

1617. Sir Christopher Pack. He was the proposer of the Humble Petition and 
Advice, urging Cromwell to accept the Kingship. His second wife was daughter 
of Simon Edmonds (Alderman, Sheriif 1616-7) and his third the widow of 
Michael Herring (Alderman 1651). 

1648. Gilbert Morewood. Father-in-law of Sir Thomas Eich (Alderman 1660). 



182 Notes on the Aldeemen, 1220-1912. 

1648. Sir Richard Bro"wnie. Tbe well-known Presbyterian General who fought at 
first for the Parliament and later became an ardent Royalist. 

1648. Richard Bateman. Son of Robert Bateman (Alderman 1629, and Chamberlain 
of the City) and half-brother of Sir William, Sir Anthony and Sir Thomas {all 
Aldermen). He with his half-brothers failed in business, and in April, 1667, 
he was granted a pension of 20 shillings .per week by the Court of Common 
Council, being then ' very poor and 74 years of age.' (Journal 46, fo. 152.) 

1648. Rowland "Wilson. He was nominated one of the Court for the trial of 

Charles I. but did not act. His widow was the third wife of Bulstrode 
Whitelook, who has written in appreciative terms of his character [Memorials, 
i., 223, iii., 158). 

1649. Sir John Dethick. His daughter married Sir John Banks, Bart., and his 

grand-daughter was wife of the 1st Earl of Aylesford. 

1649. Nathan "Wright. Father of Sir Benjamin Wright, Bart., and uncle of Sir 
Nathan Wright, Lord Keeper. 

1649. John Massingberd. His eldest daughter married the first Earl of Berkely, 
the second was wife of the third Earl of Lindsey. 

1649. Bliab Harvey. Brother of William Harvey, the discoverer of the circulation 
of the blood, and ancestor of Admiral Sir Eliab Harvey, one of Nelson's 
Captains at Trafalgar. 

1649. John Cotton. Second son of Sir Allen Cotton (Lord Mayor 1625-6). 

1649. Abrahara Chambers. Brother of Richard Chambers (Alderman, Sheriff 
1644-5). 

1649. William Adams. Brother of Sir Thomas Adams (Lord Mayor 1645-6). He 
founded a school at Newport, co. Salop. Puller says of him ' God hath given 
him alieart and hand proportionable to his estate.' 

1649. John Oldfleld. His daughter married George Cooper, brother of the 1st Earl 
of Shaftesbury (Dryden's ' Achitophel'). 

1649. Robert Cheslyn {rectius Cheslen). Father-in-law of Sir William Bateman 
(Alderman 1657). 

1649. George Hadley. Son-in-law of Gilbert Harrison, Chamberlain of the City 
(Alderman, Sheriff 1633-4). His daughter married Admiral Herbert, created 
Earl of Torrington. 

1649. Sir Hugh Sraithson. Ancestor of the Dukes of Northumberland. 

1649. Sir Robert Tichborne. One of the regicides. He and Sir John Ireton are 
described in a Royalist pamphlet as 'the two City Jugglers' [Harleian 
Miscellany, iii., 484] . There is a memoir of him by C. Daltou in the Antiquary, 
vol. 15, pp. 191-194. After the Restoration he was imprisoned for life, and 
died in the Tower. He is referred to in Rump Songs (i., 341) as having ' a 
beardless chin,' and (ii., 82) ' Titchborn could preach, pray and prate by the 
Spirit.' 

1649. Sir Richard Chiverton. He is described in a MS. written between January 
and April, 1672, when he was the senior Alderman, and first printed in 
Oentleman's Magazine for November, 1769, pp. 615-517, as 'old, capable of 
doeing neither much goode nor hurt.' 

1619. Thomas "Witherings. For his work at the Post Office see Hyde's Early 
History of the Post Office, chapters 1-6, where it is justly said of him (p. 214) that 
' from the point of view of work done, he has some claim to be regarded as an 
early Rowland Hill : it was he who first organized the inland posts generally 
in Britain for the use of the public. ' It is surprising that the Dictionary of 
National Biography has no notice of him. 

1649. Mark Hildesley. Great-grandfather of Mark Hildesley, the successor of 
Bishop Wilson in the see of Sodor and Man. 

1649. Francis Allen. One of the regicides. He is referred to in Rump Songs, i., 306, 
(' Upon Oliver dissolving the Parliament in 1653.') — 

' Allen, the Coppersmith, was in great fear. 
He did much harm since the war began : 
A broken citizen many a year, 
And now he's a broken Parliament-man.' 



Notes on the Aldeemen, 1220-1912. 183 

1649. John Langley. He became poor in his old age and had a pension of £20 per 

annum grantg^ him by the Court of Common Council, October 10th, 1679 
(Journal 49, fo. 686.). He was son-in-law of Biohard Middleton (Alderman 
1649), and his daughter married Sir Hans Sloane, the celebrated Physician, 
whose collections formed the nucleus of the British Museum. 

1650. Joseph Brand. Father-in-law of Sir John Morden, the founder of Morden 

College, Blackheath. 

1650. John Mayo. He refused to accept the office of Alderman and was committed 
to Newgate for contumacy. 

1650. Edmund Harvey. He was partner in business with Edmund Sleigh 
(Alderman, Sheriff 1654-5), a. Colonel in the parliamentarian army and a 
member of the Court which tried Charles I., but though present at every 
meeting did not sign the death warrant. After th« Restoration he was 
imprisoned in Pendennis Castle. See 'case of Edmund Harvey' in Somers 
Tracts, vii., 454. 

1650. Henry Box. Was committed to Newgate, March 21, 1650 (Rep. 60, fo. 93), for 
refusing to accept office as Alderman. He was not sworn till August 15. 

1650. James Smith. Father of Sir John Smith (Alderman, Sheriff 1669-70). 

1650. Sir George "Wynn. Brother of Rowland Wynu (Alderman 1656), son-in-law 
of Robert Jeffereyes (Alderman 1629) and ancestor of the Lords Headley and 
St. Oswald. 

1650. Robert Lo'wther. Grandfather of Sir William Lowther, 1st Bart, of Marske, 
and brother of Sir John Lowther, ancestor of the Earls of Lonsdale. 

1650. Sir Thomas Rich. Son-in-law of Gilbert Morewood (Alderman 1648). The 
King (Charles II.) recommended him (May 5, 1662) for election to succeed one 
of the two Aldermen removed by the Commissioners for regulating the 
Corporation, but he was not chosen and probably declined nomination. 
[Overall Beviembrancia, p. 64.] 

1650. Sir Robert Smyth. His second son was Sir James Smyth (Lord Mayor 1684-5). 

1651. Thomas Bromfleld. His daughter was second wife of Sir Andrew Henley, 

Bart., whose first wife was daughter of Sir John Gayer (Lord Mayor 1646-7). 

1651. Sir Theophilus Biddulph. Son-in-law of Zachary Highlord (Alderman 
1648). 

1651. Thomas Hodges. Son of John Hodges (Alderman, Sheriff 1622-3) and 
son-in-law of Alexander Prescott (Alderman, Sheriff 1612-3). 

16.51. Sir John Cutler. The celebrated miser, pilloried (perhaps rather unjustly) in 
Pope's Moral Essays, Epistle iii. He was son-in-law of Sir Thomas Foot 
(Lord Mayor 1649-50.)= One of his daughters married the second Earl of 
Radnor of the Robartes line, and another Sir William Portman, Bart. It is of 
him that Arbuthnot relates the anecdote that his black worsted stockings were 
darned so often with silk that they became a pair of silk stockings. 

1651. Sir "William CO"Wper. Grandson'' of John Cowper (Alderman, Sheriff 1551-2), 
great-grandfather of the first Earl Cowper (Lord Chancellor) and ancestor of 
the succeeding Earls and of William Cowper the poet. 

1651. Philip Holman. Father of Sir John Holman, Bart. 

1651. John lanson. Son of Brian lanson (Alderman 1611) and brother of Sir Brian 

lanson, 1st Bart. 
1651. Thomas Bssicgton. Grandson of Sir Thomas Hayes (Lord Mayor 1614-.5). 

5. Miss Foot was his first wife and died in 1650; Sir John's second marriage to the 

daughter of Sir Thomas Tipping took place in 1669, when he is described in the 
licence as widower. The Dictionary of National IBiography transposes the order 
of his wives. 

6. G. E. C[okayne] in his Complete Baronetage, ii., 160, makes him son of the Sheriff, 

whose date of death he gives as June, 1009, whereas the true date was August, 
1584 (see note p. 36). Burke's Peerage makes him the second son of the Sherifi 
with three younger brothers, no twins being recorded, and his own birth date being 
March 7, 1582. It is clear that Burke and Cokayne have missed a generation. 



184 Notes on the Aldermen, 1220-1912. 

1651. "William Barker. Younger son of Sir Kobert Barker, K.B., and father of Sir 

William Barker, Bart. , 

1651. Robert Johnson. Nephew of Eobert Johnson (Alderman, SherifE 1617-8). 

1651. Tliomas Smithsby. Saddler to Charles I. 

1651. Maximilian Bard. Brother of the first Viscount Buttevant. 

1651. Leonard Hamond. Son-in-law of Randall Manning (Alderman 1604). 

1651. Sir Jasper Clayton. Father-in-law of the first Earl of Yarmouth. 

1651. "William Ridges. Father-in-law of Sir Thomas Davies (Lord Mayor 1676-7). 

1651. Thomas Br 0"wne. Commonly called 'Ruff Browne.' He' died three days 
after entering his new house in Watling Street to which he had removed from 
' Old Street without Cripplegate.' [Smyth's Obituary, p. 98.] 

1651. John Ramsey. His daughter married the first Lord Herbert of Cherbury of 
the second creation. 

1651. Sir Henry Pickering. Son-in-lawof Sir Thomas Vyner (Lord Mayor 1653-4). 
He had been a Colonel in the parliamentary army. 

1651, John Barker. Son-in-law of Thomas Westrow (Alderman, Sheriff 1625). 

1651. Sir "William. Humble. Brother-in-law of Sir Thomas "Vyner (Lord Mayor 
1653-4). 

1651. John Beresford. Grandson of Ralph Woodcock (Alderman, Sheriff 1580-1). 

1651. Thomas Russell. Father-in-law of Sir Anthony Bateman (Lord Mayor 
1663-4). 

1651. Sir John Ireton. Brother of Henry Ireton, the Parliamentary General, who 
was Cromwell's son-in-law. 

1651. John Ellis. One of the civic leaders of the party in opposition to the Court in 
Charles II. 's reign. 

1651. Jeremy Blwes. Youngest son of Geoffrey Elwes (Alderman, Sheriff 1607-8) 
and brother of Sir Gervase Elwes (Alderman 1629). 

1651. Sir Andrew Eiccard. His daughter married successively Lord Kensington, 
son of the second Earl of Holland, and the first Lord Berkeley of Stratton, by 
whom she was ancestress of the succeeding Lords. 

1651. Michael Herring. His widow became the third wife of Sir Christopher Pack 
(Lord Mayor 1654-5). 

1651. Thomas Heryott. Was committed to Newgate for refusing to accept election 
as Alderman, Oct. 14, 1651, but was sworn and discharged a week later. 

1651. "William G-ore. Fourth son of Sir John Gore (Lord Mayor 1624-5) and ancestor 

of the Gore-Langton family, now represented by Earl "Temple. 

1652. "Walter Boothby. Son-in-law of George Witham (Alderman 1645-8) and 

father-in-law of John JoUiffe (Alderman 1658). 

1652. John Lorymer. His daughter married Sir Edwin Sadleir, second and last 
Baronet. 

1652. Martin Browne. Father-in-law of Sir Humphrey Winch, Bart. 

1652. Richard Turner. Father of Richard Turner (Alderman 1653) and father-in- 

law of Tempest Milner (Alderman, Sheriff 1656-7). 

1658. Samuel Moyer. Father of Sir Samuel Moyer, Bart. 

1633. Sir Thomas Alleyn. Son of William Alleyn (Alderman 1651), He was Lord 
Mayor at the time of the Restoration, which he took part in furthering, but 
he was not regarded as a whole-hearted royalist and he was one of the 
Aldermen superseded in 1683, when the Charter was suspended. The 
account of the Aldermen in 1672 (printed in The Gentleman's Magasine 
for 1769), says of him that ' the ill principles he had before that happie time, 
it is to be feared he retains still ; in the late times he was no great enemy to 
the renouncing the familie of Stuarts.' 

1653. Henry Hunter. Ancestor of Sir Claudius Hunter (Lord Mayor 1811-2). 
1653. Sir "WilLiam Thomson. Son-in-law of Samuel Warner (Alderman 1643-5), 

father of Sir Samuel Thomson (Alderman, Sheriff 1688), and unola of the first 
Lord Haversham. 



Notes on the Aldermen, 1220-1912. 185 

1653. Bd.'ward. Ash.e. Son-in-law of Christopher Woodward (Alderman 1622), 
uncle of John Ashe (Alderman 1672), brother of Sir Joseph Ashe, Bart., and 
ancestor (through the marriage of his grand-daughter to Pierce A' Court) of 
the Lords Heytesbury. 

1653. Sir "W illi a.m Leman. Nephew of Sir John Leman (Lord Mayor 1616-7). 

1653. John Pierce. He at first refused to accept election as Alderman but ' obscured 
himself and refused to be spolien with.' The Serjeant-at-Arms was sent to 
him Sept. 27, 1653 (Rep. 62, fo. 3906). 

1653. Daniel Waldoe. Brother-in-law of Edward Claxton (Alderman 1648). His 
daughter married John Dubois, one of the Whig candidates at the great contest 
for the Shrievalty in 1682. 

1653". Sir Jolin Frederick. Father of Thomas Frederick (Alderman 1687), whose 
son John was created a Baronet and was ancestor of the succeeding Baronets. 
His two daughters married respectively Sir Nathaniel Heme (Alderman, 
Sheriff 1674-5), and Sir Joseph Heme (Alderman 1686-Y). He was a, strong 
supporter of the Bestoration, but, like Sir Thomas AUeyn, was regarded as 
not a firm adherent of the Court and so was superseded with the Whig 
Aldermen in 1683. The MS. account of the Aldermen in 1672 says of him that 
' by reason of his age, he is apt to be ledd by others, especially by Sir John 
Lawrence : he hates a souldier and cannot endure to see any of the King's 
guards.' 

1653. Tempest Milner. Son-in-law of Richard Turner (Alderman 1652). He was 
one of the two Aldermen removed by the Commissioners for regulating the 
Corporation in 1662. 

1653. Eichard Turner. Son of Richard Turner (Alderman 1652) and brother-in-law 
of Tempest Milner (Alderman, Sheriff 1666-7). 

1653. Sir Samuel Micoe. Son-in-law of Henry Andrewes (Alderman, Sheriff 1632-3). 

1654. diaries Tliorold. He had a family of seven sons and seven daughters. 

imong the former were Sir Charles Thorold (Sheriff 1705-6) and Sir George 
Thorold (Lord Mayor 1719-20). 

1654. Isaac Lee. He became poor in his later years and was granted a pension of £3 
per month by the Court of Common Council, October 26, 1663, being then 74 
years of age and a prisoner in the King's Bench (Journal 45, fo. 325). 

1654. Jolin Perryn.. His widow married Sir Thomas Vyner (Lord Mayor 1663-4). 

1655. Sir John Robinson. Son of Archdeacon Robinson who was half-brother of 

Archbishop Laud and nephew of Sir William Webbe (Lord Mayor 1591-2). The 
MS. account of the Aldermen in 1672 says of him that ' he hath been most 
industrious in the civill government of the cittie, watchfull to prevent anything 
that might reflect any prejudice or dishonour upon the King's government, 
happy in dispatch of businesse, to the great contentment of the people.' Pepys 
writes very contemptuously of him as ' a talking bragging bufiflehead .... as 
verv a coxcomb as I would have thought had been in the City . . . nor hath 
he brains to outwit any ordinary tradesman ' (March 17, 1662-3) : again, after 
recording ' a very great noble dinner ' at which he (Pepys) was a guest during 
Robinson's Mayoralty, he adds ' this Mayor is good for nothing else ' (October 
20, 1663), and in another place he says of him that 'he makes it his work to 
praise himself, and all he says and do, like a heavy-headed coxcomb.' 

1656. Sir John Le'wys. A son-in-law of Sir T. Foot (Lord Mayor 1649-50) : his 

elder daughter married the 7th Earl of Huntingdon and the younger the 3rd 
Earl of Scarsdale. 

1656. Robert Burdett. Son-in-law of Nathan Wright (Alderman 1649). 

1656. Robert Holt. His daughter married Sir William Roberts, Bart. 

1656. Rowland "Wynn. Brother of Sir George Wynn (Alderman 1650) and son-in- 
law of Anthony Biddulph (Alderman 1651). 

1656. G-eorge Chetham. Nephew of George Ohetham (Alderman 1625). 

1656. Gerard G-ore. Probably the son of William Gore (Alderman, Sheriff 1615-6) 
who bore that baptismal name. 

1656. Hugh Wood. Son-in-law of Simon Edmunds (Alderman, Sheriff 1646-7) : his 
wife was sister-in-law of Sir Christopher Pack (Lord Mayor 1654-5). 



186 Notes on the Aldermen, 1220-1912. 

1657. Sir William Bateman. Sou of Bobert Bateman, Ohamberlain of the City 
(Alderman 1629), brother of Sir Anthony Bateman (Lord Mayor 1663-4) and 
two other Aldermen, and son-in-law of Bobert Cheslen (Alderman 1649) . 

1657. Ambrose Bronskill. Brother-in-law of Sir William Humble (Alderman 1651) 
and father-in-law of Francis Asty (Alderman 1667). 

1657. Nicholas Herne. Grandson of Biohard Heme (Alderman, Sheriff 1618-9) and 
half-brother of Sir Nathaniel Herne (Alderman, Sheriff 1674-5) and Sir Joseph 
Herne (Alderman 1686-7). 

1657. Erasmus Smith. Well known for his bequests for the foundation of schools 
in Ireland. He was son-in-law of the first Lord Coleraine, and the marriage of 
his grand-daughter to Lord Strange, son of the 4th Earl of Derby, from which 
the later Earls are descended, brought the name of Smith into that family. 

1657. Sam.uel Langham.. Brother of Sir John Langham (Alderman, Sheriff 1642-3). 

1657. Sir Anthony Bateman. Son of Bobert Bateman, Chamberlain of the City 
and brother of Sir William, Biohard and Sir Thomas (all elected Aldermen). 
He failed in business and was voted a pension of 30 shillings per week, being 
then a prisoner in the King's Bench, July 2, 1675 (Journal 48, fo. 172). 

1657. David Davidson. Though a member of the Grocers' Company, he was by 
trade a ropemaker in Wapping, 

1657. Sir Martin Noell. Pepys describes him in his diary (September 5, 1662) as 

'certainly a very useful man.' He was one of the victims of the Plague in 

1665, his wife dying of grief very shortly afterwards. 

1658. Sir John La'wrence. The leader of the party in opposition to the Court in 

civic affairs. The writer of the MS. account of the Aldermen in 1672, says 
that ' he hath put all the affronts and indignities imaginable upon all those 
persons that have been willing to venture their lives and estates in any mihtary 
employment for His Majesty,' and that he 'hath always had three or four 
busie turbulent followers to crye him up in all parts of the cittie, and to 
assist him in all popular elections.' He goes on to say of Lawrence and of 
Sir William Turner, who had co-operated with him in favouring the Dissenters, 
that ' what they gained by their treacherous complieing with that party, that 
they have lost by their impious and insolent behaviour towards almost all 
persons they have had to doe with.' One daughter married Sir George 
Vyner, Bart., son of Sir Thomas Vyner (Lord Mayor 1653-4), and another 
Charles Chamberlain (Alderman 1687-8). 

1658. Sir John Barkstead. One of the regicides. 

1658. Francis Dashwood. He married a sister of Edmund Sleigh (Alderman, 
Sheriff 1654-5). His eldest son Sir Samuel was Lord Mayor 1702-3 ; the second) 
Francis, was created a Baronet and was father of Lord le Despencer, well known 
as the head of the ' monks ' of Medmenham Abbey and as Chancellor of the 
Exchequer in Lord Bute's ministry. His daughter married the 5th Lord 
Brooke, from which marriage the Earls of Warwick of the present creation 
are descended. 

1658. John Jolliffe. Son-in-law of Walter Boothby (Alderman 1652) : one of his 
daughters married Sir Samuel Moyer, Bart., and another Sir Edward Northey 
(Attorney-General to Queen Anne), whose daughter by her was wife of Lord 
Chief Justice Baymond. 

1658. Sir William Vincent. Nephew of Sir John Langham (Alderman, Sheriff 

1658. John Aleyn. His daughter married successively Sir John Tyrell, 1st Bart of 
Sprmgdeld and Sir Thomas Stampe (Lord Mayor 1691-2). 

1658. Sir Thomas Bludworth. Lord Mayor at the time of the Great Fire of 

1666. His daughter married Lord Jeffreys, James ll.'s Chief Justice and Lord 
Chancellor, and was ancestress of the Earls of Pomfret. Pepys writes of him 
as ' a silly man, I think ' (June 80, 1666) and ' a very weak man he seems to be ' 
(December 1, 1666). The MS. account of the Aldermen of 1672 credits him 
with being ' a zealous person in the King's concernments ; willing though it 
may be not very able, to doe great things.' In his funeral sermon by Dr 
Scott it is said that ' he had a mighty affection and zeal for the King and for 
the Church of England.' 

1659. Wmiam Love. One of the two Aldermen displaced by the Commissioners for 

regulating the Corporation in 1662, as having been 'faulty in the late 
troubles.' 



Notes on the Aldermen, 1220-1912. 187 

1659. Sir William Bolton. He was accused of cheating the poor of the City out 
of the collections made for the sufferers by the Great Pire, to the extent of 
£1,800, ' of which he can give no account, and in which he hath forsworn 
himself plainly' (Pepys' Diary, December 3, 1667). He was in consequence 
forbidden to attend the Court of Aldermen pending inquiry and was ultimately 
constrained to resign his seat. He became very poor and was voted a pension 
of £3 per weelj by the Court of Common Council, March 19, 1677 (Journal 48, 
fo. 293), which was subsequently continued to his widow. See Dr. Sharpe's 
London a/nd the Kingdom, ii , 432n. 

1659. Sir "Wllliara Peake. Father of Sir John Pealte (Lord Mayor 1686-7). The 
MS. account of the Aldermen of 1672 describes him as 'dilligent in the 
publique affaires, resolute for the King's interest and for the antient and orderly 
Government of the cittie.' 

1659. "William Crow. He was an upholsterer with whom Pepys had considerable 
dealings. (See Diary, December 15, 16, 1668). Pepys records (December 1, 
1663) how Lord Chief Justice Hyde in a trial in which Crow's name was 
mentioned, ' would not suffer Mr. Grow, who hath fined for Alderman to be 
called so, but only Mister, and did eight or nine times fret at it, and stop 
every man that called him so.' 

1659. Jolin Blackwell. Father of Sir Lawrence Blackwell, Bart. 

1659. Sir "William. "Wale. Father-in-law of Sir Edward Seymour, Bart., Speaker of 

the House of Coinmons and ancestor of the later Dukes of Somerset. 

1660. Bcl"war(i Bactwell. The eminent goldsmith of the time of the Common- 

wealth and Charles II. When the King closed the Exchequer, Backwell was 
his creditor for nearly £300,000. See Hilton Price's London Banks. Pepys' 
Diary contains frequent references to him. 

1660. Francis Meynell. Ancestor of the Meynell-Ingram family. Pepys (Diary, 
September 18, 1662) writes of him as ' the great money-man.' 

1660. Sir "William Turner. The MS. account of the Aldermen of 1672 says that he 

was ' esteemed zealous for the church untill the yeare of his Maioraltie ; then 
he espouzed the interests of the Nonconformists ' ; it adds that towards the 
end of his year of office ' there were frequent consultations at his house with 
the heads of the Nonconformists about continuing him Lord Mayor another 
yeare.' He appears to have recovered favour with the Court party as he was not 
superseded with the Whig Aldermen in 1683. He was one of the few bachelor 
Lord Mayors. 

1661. Sir Eichard Ford. Pepys (Diary, March 17, 1663) describes him as ' a very 

able man of his brains and tongue, and a scholar,' but in a later entry 
(October 18, 1664) he records on the authority of a ' Mr. Gray ' that ' among 
other faults, Sir Richard Ford cannot keep a secret.' The MS. account of 
the Aldermen in 1672 says that he is ' a man of excellent parts, and may doe 
his majestie excellent service in the citty,' but notes that he suspended the 
execution of the laws against Nonconformists when Lord Mayor, ' by which 
he gained the applause of all that partie.' 

1661. Sam.uel Foote. First cousin of Sir Thomas Foot (Lord Mayor 1049-50). 

1661. Sir Samuel Starling. His widow, daughter of Richard Garford (Alderman 
1656), married the 4th Viscount Grandison. According to Pepys he was not 
liberal, as he records in his diary (September 8, 1666), during the progress of 
the fire, that "Alderman Starling, a very rich man, without children, the fire 
at next door to him in our lane, after the men had saved his house, did 
give 2s. 6d. among thirty of them, and did quarrel with some that would remove 
the rubbish out of the way of the fire, saying that they came to steal.' As he 
'put the law in execution vigorously against phanatios,' he is praised by the 
writer of the account of the Aldermen in 1672, who styles him ' a person of 
good learning, a solid judgment and great courage, contemning all danger for 
the safetie of his majestie's Government.' 

1661. Th-Omas Turgis. He was one of the wealthiest commoners in England of his 
time, and proprietor of the pocket-borough of Gatton. 

1661. Sir Henry Barnard. One of his daughters married Sir Josiah Child, Bart., 
the well-known writer on trade, another married the 8th Lord Chandos. 

1661. George Hanger. Grandfather of the first Lord Coleraine of that family. 



188 Notes on the Aldeemen, 1220-1912. 

1661. Bcl"W"ard Chard. He is described in the notice of his burial in Smyth's 
Obituary, p. 55, as ' sometime City Smith.' 

1661. Sir Eicliard Eyves. Nephew of Bruno Ryves, Dean of Windsor. 

1662. Sir Thomas Baternan. Youngest son of Eobert Bateman, Chamberlain of 

the City, and brother of Sir Anthony Bateman (Lord Mayor 1663-4), and Sir 
William Bateman (Alderman 1657). He, with his brothers, suffered heavy loss 
through the Great Fire, 
1662. Sir William Warren. He is very frequently mentioned in Pepys' Diary. 
He was a shipbuilder at Wapping. Pepys records (June 3, 1662) that his 
fine on discharge from his Aldermanry was used to defray the cost of the 
Aldermen's present to the Qaeen (Catharine of Braganza). 

1662. William Webb. His daughter married Sir John Oglander, 2nd Baronet. 

1662. Eicliard Mills. Son-in-law of Walter Pritohett (Alderman 1625). 

1663. Sir Hugh Parker. Ancestor of the two Admirals Sir Hyde Parker who 

commanded the British fleet at the battles of Dogger Bank and Copenhagen 
respectively. 

1664. Sir Charles Doe. He preserved the Goldsmith Company's plate at his house 

in Edmonton during the Great Fire. Shortly after be failed in business and 
was " displaced " from his Aldermanry in consequence. 

1664. Sir George Waterman. He is described in the MS. account of the 
Aldermen of 1672 (at which time he was Lord Mayor), as ' a person almost 
voide of understanding, but not of will. He is very weake in the one, but most 
perverse in the other. He employes abundance of tyme, but does no businesse. 
He for a while was guided by Sir John Lawrence who ledd him astray.' 

1664. Sir Robert Hanson. The MS. account of the Aldermen of 1672 describes 
him as 'a person (who) heartilie loves the King's interest,' and prophesies that 
he will make a better Lord Mayor than Waterman, ' having a better under- 
standing and a better conscience.' 

1664. Charles Everard. One of the victims of the Great Plague of 1665. 

1664. Sir Willam Hooker. Pepys writes of him during his Shrievalty {Diary, 
December 13, 1665), that he 'keeps the poorest, mean, dirty table in a dirty 
house that ever I did see any Sheriff of London, and a plain, ordinary, 
silly man I think he is, but rich.' The MS. account of the Aldermen of 1672 
says ' that he is fallen off from the party of Sir John Lawrence and Sir William 
Turner ; he saith, he sees their jugling, and will have noe more to do with 
them. He is bold, and apt to reflect upon the Court, if things orosse his 
humour.' He was one of the three Aldermen who retained their seats 
throughout the changes of the period from 1683 to 1688 (see ante p. 115). 

1664. Stephen Frewen. Brother of Accepted Frewen, Archbishop of York. 
1664. Nicholas Bonfoy. Brother of Sir Thomas Bonfoy (Alderman 1664). 
1664. James Hiokson. He endowed an almshouse at South Mimms. 
1664. John Bence. Son of Alexander Bence (Alderman 1653), and father-in-law of 
Vere, 4th Earl of Westmorland. 

1666. Sir Eobert Vyner. Nephew of Sir Thomas Vyner (Lord Mayor 1653-4). 
He and Edward Backwell (Alderman 1660-1) were the leading Goldsmiths of 
Charles II. 's time. He lost over £400,000 by the closing of the Exchequer in 
January, 1672, and became bankrupt towards the end of the reign. He is 
frequently mentioned by Pepys. Grammont's story of his fetching back the 
King to drink another bottle at his Mayoral dinner is well known. The writer 
of the account of the Aldermen of 1672 (at which time he was Sheriff and 
' contracted an extraordinary friendship ' with his colleague. Sir Joseph 
Sheldon), says that he 'hath as large a soule, and hath done and did design as 
great and charitable acts in London, as any person, if the necessary shutting 
up of the Exchequer had not restrained him.' 

1666. Eobert Aske. He married the widow of Nicholas Bonfoy (Alderman 1664) , and 
was the founder of a school at Hatcham. 

1666. Peter Dncane. Uncle of Sir John Houblon (Lord Mayor 1695-6), and Sir 
James Houblon (Alderman 1692-1700) and father-in-law of Sir Christopher 
Ijethuillier (Alderman, Sheriff 1689-90). 

1666. Sir Eichard Piggott. Brother-in-law of Sir Thomas Vyner (Lord Mayor 
1653-4). 



Notes on the Aldermen, 1220-1912. 189 



1666. Sir Joseph Sheldon. Nephew of Gilbert Sheldon, Archbishop of Canterbury ; 
his daughter married Sir John Cotton, Bart , and was mother of Sir John 
Hinde Cotton, a leading Tory politician of the reigns of George I. and II. The 
MS. account of the Aldermen of 16Y2, after recording his ' extraordinary 
friendship ' with Sir Kobert Vyner, asserts that ' the King hath noe two persons 
doe more passionately love his interest than these,' and that ' they are men of 
good abilities, and very sober and disoreete in the management of 
businesse.' 

1666. Sir John Moore. Originally a Nonconformist, he became the leader of the 

' Church and King ' parly in the Court of Aldermen. The writer of the MS. 
account of the Aldermen of 1672 records that his election as Alderman in 1671, 
after he had been discharged on payment of a fine in 1667, was due to Sir John 
Lawrence and Sir William Turner, ' apprehending him a person fitt for their 
turne,' but that he behaved himself ' with great honestie and irjtegretie, 
refusing to side with Sir John Lawrence ' for which the latter used ' reproachfull 
words ' to him. For the events of his Mayoralty see Dr. Sharpe's London and 
the Kingdom, ii., 476-491. He was the Ziloah of Tate's portion of Absalom and ■ 
Achitophel, who, when he ruled 'Jerusalem' [i.e., London] did 'boldly all 
seditious surges stem.' 

1667. Eichard Spencer. His widow married Sir John Stonhouse, Bart., and his 

daughter was the second wife of Lord Chancellor Harcourt. 

1667. John Jermyn. Brother-in-law of John Hoby (Alderman 1666). 

1667. Eichard Beckford. Brother of Sir Thomas Beckford (Alderman, Sherifi 
1677-8). 

1667. Hnmphrey Beane. Pather-in-law of Sir John Parsons (Lord Mayor 1703-4), 
and grandfather of Humphrey Parsons (Lord Mayor 1730-1, 1740-1). 

1667. William. Dash'wood. Nephew of Francis Dashwood (Alderman 1658). 

1667. Sir Denis Gauden. Brother of John Gauden, Bishop of Winchester (the 
reputed author of Eikon Basilike). His official position in the Navy Ofiice 
brought him much into contact with Pepys, in whose Diary his name is of 
frequent occurrence. The MS. account of the Aldermen of 1672 speaks of 
him as ' esteemed justly a man of great justnesse and uprightnesse in his 
place of government,' but adds that his official duties as Victualler of the 
Navy prevent his frequent attendance in the Court of Aldermen. 

1667. William Sherrington. His daughter married Sir William Luokyn, Bart., 
and was mother of the 1st Viscount Grimston, and ancestress of the Earls 
of Verulam. 

1667. George Clark. Prom his daughter's first husband, John Trevor (son of Sir 
John Trevor, Secretary of State), the Viscounts Hampden are descended. Her 
third husband was Lord Cutts, the ' salamander,' one of Marlborough's 
Generals at Blenheim. 

1667. Sir Thomas Davies. ' The little fellow, my schoolfellow, the bookseller, 
who was one of Audley's executors and now become Sherifi ; which is a 
strange turn, methinks' (Pepys' Diary, Oct. 23, 1667). His mother was niece 
of Hugh Audley, the wealthy usurer, from whom he and his brother inherited 
large fortunes. His niece, Mary Davies, by her marriage with Sir Thomas 
Grosvenor, 3rd Baronet of Eaton, brought into that family the great West-end 
Estate, from which the great wealth of her descendants, the Marquess and 
Dukes of Westminster, was derived. He was son-in-law of William Ridges 
(Alderman 1651). The MS. account of the Aldermen of 1672 says of him that 
' hee knows as well how to keep as Audley knew how to get and keepe ' his 
estate, and deecribes him as ' a meane spirited person . . one that will 
venture as little as may be, either for the safety of the king, or service of 
the citie.' 

1667, Frajicis Asty. Sonrin4awofApibroseBronskiU (Alderman 1657). 



190 Notes on the Aldeemen, 1220-1912. 

1668. John Forth.' Brother of Dannet Forth (Alderman, Sheriff 1C70-1) and son- 
in-law of Sir Henry Vane, the Republican statesman. The MS. account of 
the Aldermen of 1672 describes him as ' a hasty, passiona'.e person; noe lover 
of the Church of England ... he rarely sees the inside of a church ... he 
hath a consecrated chappell in hia owne house ... a nonconformist and a 
brewer officiating there, when he is at leisure on a Sunday to heare. He is a 
man of noe reputation for keeping his word.' 

1668. Sir Francis Chaplin. Father of John Chaplin (ancestor of the Cbaplins of 
Blankney, now represented by the Eight Hon. Henry Chaplin) and of Sir 
Robert Chaplin, Bart. Pepys {Diary, January 22, 1668) describes him as ' a 
pretty humoured little man,' and the MS. account of the Aldermen of 1672 
speaks of him as ' a person truly loyall ' and ' active in businesse, but too quick 
and open sometimes in declaring his opinion.' 

1668. Sir Richard Howe. Father-in-law of Sir Michael Hioks and ancestor of 
Viscount St. Aldwyn. 

1668. John Lane. Father of Sir Thomas Lane (Lord Mayor 1694-5). His daughter 
married Paul Foley (Speaker of the House of Commons), from which marriage 
descended the Lords Foley of the present creation. 

1668. William Bainbrigg. His daughter married Sir William Maynard, Bart , and 
was ancestress of the Viscounts Maynard and the present Countess of 
Warwick, the aristocratic patroness of Socialism. 

1668. Henry Ashhurst. A leading Nonconformist and friend of Richard Baxter, 
who preached his funeral sermon. Father of Sir William Ashhurst (Lord 
Mayor 1693-4) and of Sir Henry Ashhurst (Alderman 1688-9). 

1668. Sir John Smith. Son of James Smith (Alderman 1650) and father of Sir 
John Smith, Bart., of Isleworth. The MS. account of the Aldermen of 1672 
describes him as ' an honest good-natured person, desireing to serve his 
majestie to his utmost and ready to oblige any of the King's friends. He is 
willing to receive good advice . . arfd able to distinguish betweene good 
and bad.' 

1668. Benjamin Albln. Son-in-law of John Mayo (Alderman 1650-8). 

1669. John Oolvill. A goldsmith who lost over £85,000 by the shutting up of the 

Exchequer in 1672. Pepys did business with him and frequently mentions 
him in his Diary, in one place (May 24, 1665) characterizing him as 'an 
impertinent fool.' 

1669. Sir James Edwards. He is described in the MS. account of the Aldermen 
of 1672 as ' a bold stoute man, furnished with honest loyall principles, a man 
of good understanding and as good a resolution : he is like to prove a very 
usefull person in the cittie, especially if he would but come and live there.' 

1669. Dannet Forth. Brother of John Forth (Alderman, Sheriff 1668-9). He was 
originally a member of the Drapers' Company, and was translated to the 
Brewers January 15, 1661 [Rep. 67, fo. 188iJ , thus exchanging one of the 12 
greater Companies for one of the minor ones, of which there are few instances 
recorded. His daughter married Francis St. John, sou of Oliver St. John, the 
Chief Justice of the Commonwealth period, and was mother of Sir E'ranois 
St. John, Bart., and ancestress of the later Dukes of Manchester. In the MS. 
account of the Aldermen of 1672 he is described as ' a person that hath much 
more command of his passion than his brother, and a man of greater abilities 
in busynesse, but as to church affaires, of the same principles with his 
brother.' 

1669. William Fluellin. His daughter was mother of Sir Thomas Colby, Bart. 



His name stands first in the list of those commissioned to farm the Irish Revenues 
from 1669 to 1675 ; he had ten colleagues, of whom six were at some time or other 
elected Aldermen of London, viz. : William Buoknall (1667), William Dashwood 
(1667), Philip Jemmett (16671, John Breedon (1667), James Hayes (1664), and his 
brother Dannet Forth (1669). The MS. quoted in the text says 'it is concluded 
by very many that his loyaltie consists njuch in his excise formes, and the profili 
he inakes by them.' 



Notes on the Aldeembn, 1220-1912. 191 

1669. Sir Jonathan Dawes. His daughter married Sir Martin Lumley, 3rd Bart., 

great grandson of Sir Martin Lumley (Lord Mayor 1623-4). Tlie writer of the 
MS. account of the Aldermen of 1672, after noticing his friendship with his 
brother-Sherifi, Sir Robert Clayton, says that they 'industriously endeavour 
to serve his majestie and the cittie. They want no courage, nor conduct in 
any businesse they undertake ; they have a greate share of love and estieme 
from people of all sorts.' 

1670. Sir Robert Clayton. He was partner in business as a scrivener with John 

Morris (Alderman 1669), whose property he inherited. His nephew and heir, 
William Clayton, was created a Baronet, and was ancestor of the Clayton 
Baronets of Morden and the Clayton-East Baronets of Hall Place. The writer 
of the laudatory remarks on him and Sir J. Dawes, quoted above, did not 
foresee that he would later be one of the Whig leaders both in the City and in 
Parliament. In the portion of Absalom and Achitophel written by Tate, he is 
described as ' Extorting Ishban,' in reference to his having amassed a fortune 
by usury, and 

' Ishban of conscience suited to his trade, 
As good a saint as usurer ever made,' 
and some succeeding lines accuse him of having ofiered ' talents of extorted 
gold ' and to ' turn loyal ' in return for a peerage, which was refused him. 

1670. Sir Patience "Waird. It is said that he was so christened because his father 
was disappointed in the sex of his child, having desired a daughter. He was 
one of the leaders of the Whig party in the City, and it was during his 
Mayoralty that the inscription was placed on the Monument ascribing the 
Great Fire to the Roman Catholics. The MS. account of the Aldermen of 1672 
says that ' he hath had a vrife many years, but whether they wore ever 
married is a question, unless it were according to the directory of the quakers.' 
His wife was daughter of WUliam Hobson (Alderman 1657). He was uncle of 
Sir John Ward (Lord Mayor 1718-9). He was convicted of perjury in his 
evidence at the trial of the action of the Duke of York against Sir Thomas 
Pilkington, and fled to Holland 1683, where he remained till the Revolution. 

1672. Sir "William Pricliard. One of the leaders of the civic Tories. He obtained 

a verdict for £10,000 damages in 1684 against Thomas Papillon (Alderman 
1689) for illegal arrest in connexion with the disputes arising out of the 
election for Sheriff in 1682. 

1673. Sir Henry Tulse. His daughter, who married the first Lord Onslow, 

drowned herself in a pond in the Archbishop of Canterbury's palace at 
Croydon. 

1674. Sir James Smyth. Second son of Sir Robert Smyth (Alderman 1650), son- 

in-law of Sir William Peake (Lord Mayor 1667-8), and father of James Smyth, 
created Baronet 1714. 

1676. Sir Nathaniel Heme. Grandson of Richard Heme (Alderman, Sheriff 
1618-9), half-brother of Nicholas Heme (Alderman 1657), and son-in-law of 
Sir John Frederick (Lord Mayor 1661-2) . His grand-daughter married the 
second Earl of Jersey, and was mother of the first Earl of Clarendon of the 
present creation. 

1676. Sir John Lethuillier. Son-in-law of Sir William Hooker (Lord Mayor 
1673-4) and brother of Sir Christopher Lethuillier (Alderman, Sheriff 1689-90). 
Pepys {Diary, December 13, 1665) describes him as ' a pretty, civil, under- 
standing merchant,' and his wife as ' our noble, fat, brave lady in our parish 
that I and my wife admire so,' and (December 3) as ' my fat brown beauty, a 
very noble woman.' 

1676. Sir Robert G-effery. Founder of the almshouses which are known by his 
name, for the establishment of which he bequeathed money in trust to his 
Company, the Ironmongers. 

1676. Sir John Shorter. A Nonconformist, described by Evelyn (Dia?-?/ 1., 648) as 
' an Anabaptist, a very odd ignorant person, a mechanic, I think.' He was 
one of the Aldermen superseded when the Charter was suspended in 1683, but 
was restored by James II. when that monarch was courting the Dissenters in 
1687, and made Lord Mayor, with permission to have whom he pleased as 
his chaplain. For the accident which caused his death see Sir J. Baddeley's 
Aldermen of Cripplegate Ward, p. 80. His grand-daughter married Sir Robert 
Walpole, and was mother of Horace Walpole, 



192 Notes on the Aldeemen, 1220-1912. 

1676. Sir Thomas Gold. His grand-daughter married the 2nd Lord Barnard and 
was mother of the 1st Earl of Darlington and ancestress of the Dukes of 
Cleveland. He was a strong Whig and one of the candidates of that party 
for the Mayoralty at the crucial election of 1682. He was superseded when 
the Charter was suspended in 1683, and died before its restoration. 

1679. Sir John Peake. Son of Sir William Peake (Lord Mayor 1667-8) and 
brolher-in law of Sir James Smyth (Lord Mayor 1684-5). His daughter married 
Sir John Shaw, 2nd Baronet, and was ancestress of the succeeding Baronets. 

1679. Sir Thomas Beckford. His wife (sister of Sir William Thomas, Bart.) 

married four times. Sir Thomas being her second husband. Her fourth 
was Sir Henry Fermor, Bart, 

1680. Sir John Chapman. See Wilford's Memorials, pp. 507, 508. He was father of 

Sir William Chapman, Bart. 

1680. Henry Cornish. This barbarous person, whose execution for treason on 
insufficient evidence in James II.'s reign has given occasion to Whig historians 
to glorify him with the halo of martyrdom, was one of the two Sheriffs who 
protested against the remission of the vivisection portion of the sentence on 
the aged Viscount Stafford, the victim of Oates' perjury, whose only offence 
was his adhesion to the Romanist faith, in which protest he was supported 
by the immaculate William, Lord Russell ! 

1680. Sir Thomas Pilkington. One of the most prominent leaders of the Whigs 

in the City during the troubles of the later years of Charles II. The Duke of 
York obtained a verdict for £50,000 damages against him in 1682 for 
scandalum magnatum, and in default of payment he was imprisoned till 
1686. Burnet writes of him as ' an honest but indiscreet man that gave 
himself great liberties in discourse.' 

1681. Sir Jonathan Raymond. Son-in-law of Philip Jemmett (Alderman 1667). 

Le Neve {Pedigrees of Knights, p. 333) says that he was ' a very weak silly 
man but gott a great estate' (by his marriage). He was one of the few Tories 
in the Court of Aldermen in William III.'s reign, and his resignation of the 
Aldermanry was said to be due to vexation at having been passed over for the 
Mayoralty : he had been defeated at the poll in 1689, 1691, 1692, and 1693, 
and though one of the two returned in 1690 was not elected, 

1682. Dudley North. 4th son of the 4th Lord North, and brother of the 1st Earl of 

Guilford (Lord Chancellor) and of Roger North (author of the Exainen and 
of Lives of ihe Norths). He was an early advocate of Free Trade, and is 
described by Macaulay as ' one of the ablest naen of the time. ' 

1682. Sir Peter Daniel. Son of William Daniel (Alderman 1670 His Tory politics 

caused him to be passed over for the Mayoralty. 

1683. Sir Peter Rich. Son-in-law of Richard Evans (Alderman 1663). 

1683. Sir Sam.uel Dashwood. Son of Francis Dashwood (Alderman 1658), 
grandson of Edmund Sleigh (Alderman, Sheriff 1654-5) and elder brother of 
Sir Francis Dashwood, Bart. He married the sister of John Smith, Speaker 
of the House of Commons, His eldest daughter was mother of the first 
Lord Archer, and a younger daughter married Sir Thomas Saunders 
Sebright, Bart., from whom the later Baronets are descended. 

1683. Sir Benjamin Newland. Son-in-law of Robert Richbell (Alderman 1661) 
and father of Sir George Newland, M.P. for the City 1710-4. 

1683. Sir Peter Paravicini. Le Neve (Pedigrees of Knights, p. 412j, who writes 
the name Pallavioini, says that he was born in Italy, came over to England a 
poor lad and was butler to Charles Torreano, a London merchant, whose sou 
married his daughter. 

1683. Sir Benjamin Bathurst. Grandson of Lancelot Bathurst (Alderman 1593), 
father of the 1st Earl Bathurst, grandfather of the 2nd Earl (Lord 
Chancellor) and ancestor of the succeeding Earls. 



1683. 



Sir John Bnckworth. His funeral sermon (December 29tli, 1687) is 
preserved in Wilford's Memorials, pp. 604, 5. He was father of Sir John 
Buckworth, Bart., Whig candida,te for the City in 1707 and 1708, 



Notes on the Aldermen, 1220-1912. 193 



1683. Sir Cliarles Duncombe. An eminent goldsmith, originally apprenticed to 

Edward Baokwell (Alderman 1660-1), afterwards in business for himself at 
the sign of ' the Grasshopper ' in Lombard Street. He was the ' City Knight ' 
■who bought ' Helmsley, once proud Buckingham's delight ' (Pope : Imitations 
of Horace, Satire II., 176) and is supposed by some to be the ' Euolio ' of 
Pope's Moral Essays, Epistle I., 256-262. Prom his sister who married 
Thomas Browne (afterwards Buncombe) the Earls of Peversham are 
descended : her daughter married the 2nd Duko of Argyll, the general and 
statesman. 

1684. Sir "William. Gostlyn. His daughter married Sir Henry Bendisb, 4th and 

last Baronet. 

1684. Sir Peter "Vandeput. Son-in-law of Sir John Buckworth (Alderman 1683-6). 
See liis funeral sermon by Nicholas Brady, the psalm- writer, in Wilford's 
Memorials, pp. 405, 406, in which he is described as ' a sincere Christian, a 
true Churchman, a lover of his country, a true gentleman.' 

1S86. Sir TtLomas Kinsey. ' He kept the Crown tavern in Bloomsbury after the 
building of that square and there got his estate.' (Le Neve, Pedigree of 
Knights, p. 399.) 

1686. Sir Joseph. Heme. Brother of Sir Nathaniel Heme (Alderman 1674-5) 
and son-in-law of Sir John Frederick (Lord Mayor 1661-2). His daughter 
married Sir Lambert Blackwell, Bart. 

1686. Sir Tliomas Ea'wlin.son. Father of Richard Rawlinson, the antiquary and 
book collector (styled by Le Neve ' helluo librorum ') , and of Thomas Bawlinson, 
the non-juring Bishop. His father kept the Mitre Tavern in Penchurch Street, 
and his father-in-law the Devil Tavern by the Temple. 

1686. Thomas Hartopp. Son-in-law of Sir John Buckworth, his predecessor in 

the .Aldermanry of Coleman Street. 

1687. Joas Bateman. Father of Sir James Bateman (Lord Mayor 1706-7) and 

grandfather of the first Viscount Bateman. 

1687. John Jollifle, Great-nephew of John JoUifie (Alderman 1658) and son-in-law 

of the 2nd Lord Crewe. 
1687. Sir Jeremy Sambroke. He married the sister of the wife of Sir William 

Hedges (Alderman, Sheriff 1693-4) and was father of Sir Samuel and Sir 

Jeremy Sambroke, Baronets. 
1687. Daniel Mercer.' His two wives were daughters respectively of Thomas 

Essington (Alderman 1651) and Charles Thorold (Alderman 1654). 
1687. Sir Samuel Thomson, Son of Sir William Thomson (Alderman, Sherifi 

1655-6). 
1687. Thomas Frederick. Son of Sir John Frederick (Lord Mayor 1681-2), father 
^ ' of Sir John Frederick, 1st Baronet and ancestor of the succeeding Baronets. 

1687. Sir John Parsons, Son-in-law of Humphrey Beane (Alderman 1667) and 

father of Humphrey Parsons (Lord Mayor 1730-1, 1740-1). 
1687. John Ma-wson, A goldsmith at the sign of the Golden Hind, Fleet Street. 
1687. Sir Basil Firebrace. Son of Sir Henry Pirebraoe, a well-known Cavalier 

oflaoer. His daughter married the 4th Earl of Denbigh, from which marriage 

the later Earls are descended. 
1687. Sir Humphrey Ed"win. Son-in-law of Samuel Sambroke, brother of Sir 

Jeremy Sambroke (Alderman 1687). His eldest son, Samuel, married a 

daughter of the Srd Earl of Manchester, and another son, John, is stated to 

have been ancestor of the present Earl of Crawford. He was a strong 

Nonconformist, and his attendance in State, while Lord Mayor, iit a 

Dissenting Meeting House was the origin of the Occasional Conformity Bills 

of Anne's reign. 
1687. "William Kiffin. The well-known Baptist preacher. 
1687. Sir William Ashhurst, Son of Henry Ashhurst (Alderman 1668). 

)6S7 Sir John Eyles, Brother of Sir Francis Eyles (Alderman, Sheriff 1710-1) 
and uncle of Sir John Eyles (Lord Mayer 1726-7) and Sir Joseph Eyles 
(Alderman, Sherifi 1724-5). His daughter married Sir John Smith, Bart., of 
Isleworth, son of Sir John Smith (Alderman, Sheriff 1669-70). 



194 Notes on the Aldeemen, 1220-1912. 

1687. James Paule. Son of William Paul, Bishop of Oxford, and son-in-law of Sir 
Thomas Duppa, Garter King-at-Arms. The James Paule, Con-Bul for Zante, 
with whom Deputy White {History of Walbrook Ward, p. 259) erroneously 
identifies him, was his son. 

1G87. Gregory Page, Father of Sir Gregory Page, Bart , M.P., with whom I have 
erroneously identified him in vol. I., pp. 304, 305, .319, 320 (corrected on p. 421). 

1687. Sir Ohristoplier LethuiUier. Brother of Sir John Lethuillier (Alderman, 
Sherifi 1674-5) and son-in-law of Peter Ducane (Alderman 1666). 

1687. diaries Clianiberlain. Son-in-law of Sir John Lawrence (Lord Mayor 1664-5). 

1687. William JollifEe, Son of William Jolliffe, who was half-brother of John 

JoUifie (Alderman 1658). His second wife was daughter of the 6th Earl of 
Huntingdon, and his third, sister of Sir John Trenohard, Secretary of State. 

1688. Sir Henry AshJaurst, Son of Henry Ashhurst (Alderman 1668) and brother 

of Sir William Ashhurst (Lord Mayor 1693-4) . He married a daughter of the 
6th Lord Paget. 

1688. Sir Thomas Stamps, Son-in-law of John Aleyn (Alderman 1658-9). 

1688. Sir Thomas Lane, Son of John Lane (Alderman 1668), son-in-law of 

Henry Ashhurst (Alderman 1668) and brother-in-law of Sir William and 
Sir Henry. 

1639. Sir John Honblon. First Governor of the Bank of England; brother of Sir 
.James Houblon (Alderman 1692-1700). His grandmother was sister of John 
La Motte (Alderman 1648). 

1689. Thomas Papillon, Pather-iu-law of Sir Edward Ward, Lord Chief Baron 

of the Exchequer. A leader of the Whig party in the City, and one of 
the candidates for the Shrievalty at the great election of 1682 (See Dr. Sharpe's 
London and the Kingdom, ii., 479-489). He wrote or inspired a treatise on 
the East India trade printed at his house. In 1684 he fled to Holland to 
avoid payment of £10,000 damages recovered by Sir William Prichard (Lord 
Mayor 1682-3) in an action against him for false imprisonment, and he did not 
return till the Revolution. A memoir of him has been written by his 
descendant, A. F. W. Papillon. 

1689. Sir Francis Child. He had a family of 12 sons and 3 daughters, two of the 

former being his immediate successors in the Aldermanry of Farringdon 
Without, Sir Robert and Sir Francis. He was the first of his family in business 
at the sign of the Marygold in Fleet Street, having married the daughter of 
William Wheeler, the former proprietor, whose widow married Child's partner 
Robert Blauchard. He was the first banker to give up the business of a, 
goldsmith. 

1690. Sir John Wildman. Son-in-law of the 4th Lord Teynham. The celebrated 

' Major Wildman,' leveller and conspirator, who was connected with the 
Rye House plot and Monmouth's rebellion. Disraeli (Sibyl, Book I., ch. 3) 
says that 'he was the soul of English politics from 1640 to 1688.' Macaulay 
{History of England, People's ed. i., 256) refers to his ' long series of conspira- 
cies, first against the Protector and then against the Stuarts,' and his 
' wonderful skill in grazing the edge of treason ' by which ' though always 
known to be plotting, he eluded every danger and died in his bed, after having 
seen two generations of his accomplicies die on the gallows.' 

1690. Sir Richard Levett. Father of Richard Levett (Alderman, Sherifi 1728-9). 
His daughter married Sir Edward Hulse, Bart., and was ancestress of the 
succeedmg Baronets. 

1690. Sir William Gore. His son married a daughter of the 4th Earl of 
Northampton. 

1692. Sir Thomas Abney. The patron of Dr. Isaac Watts who lived with him, and 
after his death with his widow, for 36 years until his own death. Sir Thomas 
wa,! uncle of Sir Thomas Abney, judge of the Common Pleas. 



Notes on the Aldeemen, 1220-1912. 195 

1693. Ttomas Dar-wrin. Oae of the leading civic Tories. A Whig broadside (Guild- 
hall Tracts, 203, 6) headed ' A New Years Gift for the Tories alias Rapperrees, 
alias Petitioners of London,' arranges the names of 38 persons acrostically so 
that the first letters form the words ' The British Rapperee R. Lestrange 
his gang.' These names include John Moore (presumably Sir John Moore, 
Lord Mayor 1681-2), Thomas Darwin, John Johnson (Alderman 1696-8), 
Robert Bedingfield (Lord Mayor 1706-7), Samuel Gerrard [i.e. Garrard, 
Lord Mayor 1709-10] and George Newland (M.P. 1710-4). 

1693. Sir "WiUiam Hedges. Brother of Sir Charles Hedges, Secretary of State to 
William III. and Anne. 

1696. Sir Owen Buckingham. He was a manufacturer of sailcloth at Reading. 

1697. Sir Robert Bedingfeld. Brother of Sir Henry Bedingfield, Lord Chief 

Justice of the Common Pleas, temp. James II. 

1701. Sir Jeffrey Jeffreys. Son of John Jefferies (or Jefireys), Alderman 1661. 

1702. Sir Samuel Garrard. Great grandson of Sir John Garrarde (Lord Mayor 

1601-2) and also of Sir Edward Barkham (Lord Mayor 1621-2). He was the 
Lord Mayor before whom Saoheverell preached the sermon on ' Perils among 
False Brethren ' which led to his impeachment. Sir Samuel was father of 
Thomas Garrard, Common Serjeau^.. 

1702. Sir Gilbert Heatlicote. He was the last Lord Mayor to ride on horseback in 

the Mayoral procession. Reported to have been the richest commoner in 
England, and commemorated in Pope's line ' Heathcote himself and such 
large acred men ' (Imitations of Horace, Satire II., ii.). He was ancestor of 
the Earls of Ancaster, and uncle of Sir William Heathcote, 1st Baronet of 
Hursley, and of George Heathcote (Lord Mayor 1742). 

1703. Sir Eicliard Hoare. See Wilfords Memorials, p. 777. Goldsmith and banker 

at the sign of the Golden Bottle in Cheapside, grandfather of Sir Richard 
Hoare (Lord Mayor 174.5-6) and ancestor of the Hoares, Baronets of Stourhead. 
His daughter married Sir Edward Littleton, 3rd Baronet of Pillston. 

1704. Sir Charles Thorold. Son of Charles Thorold (Alderman 1654) and brother 

of Sir George Thorold (Lord Mayor 1719-20), his successor in the Aldermanry 
of Cordwainer. 

l'/05. Sir Joseph "Woolfe. Brother of Sir John Woolfe (Sherifi 1696-7). 

1708. Sir James Bateman. Son of Joas Bateman (Alderman 1687) father of 

the 1st Viscount Bateman and ancestor of the Barons Bateman. 

1709. Sir John "Ward. Nephew of Sir Patience Ward (Lord Mayor 1680-1). 

1709. Sir George Thorold. Brother of Sir Charles Thorold (Alderman, Sheriff 

1705-6). 

1710. Sir John Fryer. His widow married the 1st Viscount Palmerston. 

1711. Sir Francis Eyles. Brother of Sir John Eyles (Lord Mayor 1688) and 

father of Sir John Eyles (Lord Mayor 1726-7) and Sir Joseph Eyles (Alderman, 
Sheriff 1734-5). 

1711. Sir John Cass. Pounder of the Schools bearing his name at Hackney. 
One of the chiefs of the High Church Party in the City. 

1711. Sir Henry Furnese. Pather-in-law of the first Lord Edgcumbe and 
ancestor of the Earls of Mount Edgcumbe. 

1711. Sir Ambrose Crowley. A wealthy iron master, the ' Sir John Anvil ' of the 

Spectator (No. 299). Father of John Crowley (Alderman 1727-8). One of his 
daughters married Sir Francis Pile, last Baronet, and another Sir John Hinde 
Cotton, Bart., the well known Tory politician, and another Humphrey 
Parsons (Lord Mayor 1730-1, 1740-1). 

1712. Sir Thomas Scawen. His daughter married Sir John Shelley, 4th Baronet. 

1712. Sir Peter Delme. Father-in-law of the first Lord Ravensworth. 

1712. Sir George Merttins. He was a banker at the sign of the Peacock, 
Cornhill, in partnership with John Mitford. 



196 Notes on the Aldeemen, 1220-1912. 



1713. Sir Robert Child. Son of Sir Francis Child (Lord Mayor 1698-9) whom he 
succeeded in the Aldermanry of Farringdon Without and in the headship of 
the bank. 

1716. Sir John Byles. Son of Sir Francis Eyles (Alderman, Sheriff 1710-1), nephew 
of Sir -John Eyles (Lord Mayor 1688) and brother of Sir Joseph Eyles (Alderman, 
Sheriff 1735-6). 

1718. Sir Harcourt Master. Son-in-law of the 4th Earl of Leicester of the Sydney 
liue. His grandmother was daughter of Sir Hugh Hammersley (Lord Mayor 
1627-8). He was never Lord Mayor, though he became senior Alderman, 
being rendered incapable of election by Act of Parliament as one of the South 
Sea Directors in 1720. 

1721. Sir Randolph Knipe. He married a niece of John Letben (Alderman 1687). 

1721. Humphrey Parsons. Son of Sir John Parsons (Lord Mayor 1703-4) and son-in- 
law of Sir Ambrose Crowley (Alderman, Sheriff 1706-7). His daughter married 
her cousin, Sir John Hinde Cotton, 4th Baronet, son of the well-known Tory 
politician of the same name. Parsons was one of the leaders of the City 
opponents of Walpole. He succeeded his father as head of a large brewery in 
Aldgate, where the porter was brewed wiiich is celebrated (after the Alderman's 
death) in Goldsmith's lines — 

' Where Calvert's butt and Parsons' black champagne 
Eegale the drabs and bloods of Drury Lane.' 

IDescription of an Author's Bedchamber.'] 

1721. Sir Francis OhUd. Grandson of Sir Francis Child (Lord Mayor 1698-9) and 

brother of Sir Rol^ert Child (Alderman 1713-21), whom he succeeded both as 
head of the bank and as Alderman of Farringdon Without. 

1722. Richard Levett. Son of Sir Eiohard Levett (Lord Mayor 1699-1700). 

1722. John Barber. The well-known Jacobite printer, and friend of Pope, Swift, 
Bolingbroke and Shippen, to all of whom he left legacies. 

1722. Sir William Billers. His only daughter married the 1st Lord Waltham. 

1723. Sir John Williams. There is a very full account of the proceedings at his 

election as Alderman in Sir J. Baddeley's Aldermen of Gripplegate Ward, 
pp. 88-93. 

1726. Sir John Thompson. Father-in-law of Sir William St. Quintin, 4th Baronet. 

1727. John Orowley. Son of Sir Ambrose Crowley (Alderman 1706-7) and brother- 

in-law of Humphrey Parsons (Lord Mayor 1730-1, 1740-1). His daughter 
married the 2nd Earl of Ashburnham, and was ancestress of the succeeding 
Earls. 

1728. Sir John Barnard. One of the leading opponents of Walpole in the City 

and in parliament and regarded as an authority on questions of trade and 
finance. His second daughter was mother of the 2nd Viscount Palmerston 
and grandmother of the 3rd Viscount, the Prime Minister. Through his 
elder daughter he was ancestor of the later Lords Hotham, 

1728. Micajah Perry. He laid the foundation of the Mansion House in his 
Mayoralty (October 26, 1739). 

1728. Sir Thomas Lombe. The introducer of silk-throwing machinery into England. 
His eldest daughter married Sir Robert Clifton, 5th Baronet, and a younger was 
wife of the 7th Earl and ancestress of the later Earls of Lauderdale. 

1728. Sir Henry Hankey. Head of the banking firm in Fenchurch Street (now 

merged in the Consolidated Bank) and father of Sir Joseph Hankey, his 
successor in the Aldermanry of Langbourn. 

1729. Sir George Champion. He was passed over for the Mayoralty by the 

Ijiverymen in Common Hall in consequence of his support of Walpole in 
the House of Commons. His daughter married Sir Thomas Fludyer, 
brother of Sir Samuel Fludyer (Lord Mayor 1761-2) and their daughter 
married the 18th Lord Daore. 



Notes on the Aldermen, 1220-1912. 197 

1732. Sir Robert Godscliall. Son-in-law of Sir William Lewen (Lord Mayor 

1717-8) and brother-in-law of Sir John Barnard (Lord Mayor 1737-8). He was 
a leader of the anti-Walpole party in the City and was passed over by the 
Court of Aldermen, in which there was a Walpolean majority, at five 
successive elections for the Mayoralty in 1739, 1740 and 1741, when returned at 
the poll at Common Hall. 

1733. Sir Robert Kendal-Cater. His daughter married Sir Francis Knollys, 

Baronet of Thame. 

1735. George Heathcote. Nephew of Sir Gilbert Heathoote (Lord Mayor 1710-1), 

One of the most prominent leaders of the anti- Walpolean party in the City.^ 

1736. Sir Robert "WUlimott. See vol. I., p. 333, for the circumstances under which 

in his case the custom that required the Lord Mayor to be a member of one 
of the twelve greater companies was broken. 

1737. Sir Joseph. Hankey. Eldest son of his predecessor in the Aldermanry of 

Laugbourn, Sir Henry Hankey (Alderman, Sheriff 1732-3), whom he also 
succeeded as head of the banking house in Fenohurch Street. Although 
Alderman for 32 years he never served as Sheriff or Lord Mayor. He was 
rejected at the poll when a candidate for the Shrievalty in 1742, owing to his 
support of Walpole, and he never came forward again. 

1737. Sir HerLry Marshall. One of the six Aldermen (Tories and reputed 
Jacobites) in the picture of ' Benn's Club.' 

1739. Sir "Williarg Baker. Like Sir Joseph Hankey he was senior Alderman at his 

death, but did not occupy the chair, or serve as Sheriff. 

1740. Sir Richard Hoare. Head of the banking house in Fleet Street : grandson of 

Sir Richard Hoare (Lord Mayor 1712-3) and grandfather of Sir Richard Colt 
Hoare, the antiquary. 

1740. William Benn. One of the six Aldermen in the picture of 'Benn's Club,' by 

Hudson, in the ballroom of the Goldsmiths' Company. The other five were 
Sir Henry Marshall (Lord Mayor 1744-5) John Blachford (Lord Mayor 1750), 
Robert Alsop (Lord Mayor 1752), Edward Ironside (Lord Mayor 1753) and Sir 
Thomas Bawlinson (Lord Mayor 1753-4), all Tories with Jacobite sympathies. 

1741. Sir Robert Ladbroke. A banker at the sign of the Phoenix in Lombard 

Street. He was nephew of Sir Henry Marshall (Lord Mayor 1744-5) . 

1742. Sir Samuel Pennant. He died during his Mayoralty (May 1750) of gaol 

fever which was caught from the prisoners at the Old Bailey Sessions. Sir 
Daniel Lambert (Lord Mayor 1741), Sir Thomas Abney (Judge of the Common 
Pleas) and Charles Clarke (Baron of the Exchequer) were fellow-victims 
of the same outbreak. 

1743. Ed'ward Gibbon. Grandfather of the historian of the Decline and Fall of 

the Roman Empire. 

1745. Sir Crisp Gascoyne. The first Lord Mayor to occupy the Mansion House. 
His great-grand-daughter married the 2nd Marquess of Salisbury and was 
mother of the 4th Marquess (Prime Minister). The celebrated case of 
Elizabeth Canning occurred during Gascoyne's Mayoralty, in which he took 
a prominent part against her, Henry Fielding, the novelist, who was 
Chairman of the Middlesex Quarter Sessions, being a strong advocate of the 
truth of her story. The case is discussed fully in Paget's Paradoxes and 
Puzzles and Andrew Lang's Historical Mysteries. Churchill, in The Ghost 
(Book I., vv. 461, 462) writes : 

' And Betty Canning is at least 
With Gascoyne's help, a six months' feast.' 

8. In his letter to the Lord Mayor (Sir W. Calvert) resigning his Aldermanry in 1749 
he gave as his reason that ' the general corruption of the age I have the misfortune 
to live in, and the frequent detestable instances of apostacy from every principle of 
honour, integrity and public spirit of many of my countrymen having fully 
convinced me, that the endeavours of the few determined to live and die honest 
men, are fruitless and vain ; I have resolved to seek that small share of happiness, 
which is to be acquired in this venal country, in privacy and retirement, where I am 
sure it is only to be found.' 



198 Notes on the Aldermen, 1220-1912. 

1745. Bdward Ironside. A banker (firm Ironside and Belchier) at the sign of the 

Black Lion in Lombard Street. He was the last of five Lord Mayors who 
died in of&oe within 13 years, the others being Humphrey Parsons (1741), 
Sir Robert Godsohall (1742), Sir Samuel Pennant (1750) and Thomas 
Winterbottom (1752). 

1746. Sir Thomas Ea'wlinson. Grandson of Daniel Rawlinson, who was first 

cousin to Sir Thomas Bawlinson (Lord Mayor 1705-6), and father of Sir 
Walter Eawlinson (Alderman 1773-7). His daughter married Sir George 
Wombwell, 1st Baronet, and was ancestress of the succeeding Baronets. 

1746. James Heywood. In his younger days a contributor to the periodicals of 

Queen Anne's reign, a letter of his appearing in No. 268 of the Spectator. 
He also published a small volume of poems. Steele in the Guardian refers 
to his habit of twisting off the buttons of persons with whom he conversed. 
(See article on him in Dictionary of National Biography by Mr. C. W. Sutton, 
who has also printed a much fuller account of him in the Manchester 
Qmrlei-ly for April 1904). 

1747. Six William Smith. Son-in-law of Sir William Withers (Lord Mayor 1707-8). 

1748. Sir Stephen Janssen. Third son of Sir Theodore Jaussen, Bart., one of the 

South Sea Directors in 1720 ; he succeeded his two elder brothers in the 
Baronetcy. 
1749; Slingsby Bethell. Brother-in-law of Sir William Codrington, 1st Baronet, 
from whose marriage with his sister the later Baronets are descended. 

1749. Marshe Dickinson. His daughter was mother of Admiral Sir Alexander 

Ball, Bart., the friend of Nelson. 

1749. Sir Charles Asgill. A banker of the firm of Vere, Asgill and Co., Lombard 

Street. He was father of General Sir Charles Asgill, Bart. 

1750. Sir Richard Grlyn. Partner in the firm of Vere, Glyn and Co., Lombard 

Street, afterwards Vere, Glyn and Hallifax, which in 1864 became Glyn, 
Mills, Currie & Co. He was father of Sir Richard Carr Glyn (Lord Mayor 
1798-9) and grandfather of the 1st Lord Wolverton ; his mother was niece of 
Sir William Lewen (Lord Mayor 1717-8). 
1750. Sir Thomas Chitty. He laid the foundation stone of Blackfriars Bridge 
during his Mayoralty (October 31, 1760) on which was an inscription laudatory 
of William Pitt the elder, then Secretary of State, the Latinity of which was 
the subject of much animadversion. 

1750. Sir Matthew Blakiston. The acceptance of his resignation of his Aldermanry 

in 1769 was postponed and at last only granted by a majority of 10 to 9 in the 
Court of Aldermen, many of whom were apprehensive of the election of a 
supporter of Wilkes as his successor, which actually resulted. 

1751. Sir Samuel Fludyer. His mother's sister was grandmother of Sir Samuel 

Romilly, the eminent Whig lawyer, who was father of the 1st Lord Romilly, 
Master of the Rolls. 

1752. Sir Peter "Warren. A distinguished admiral, who commanded the fleet at 

the capture of Louisburg, 1745, and was second in command to Anson at the 
battle ofi Cape Finisterre, 1747. One of his daughters married the 1st Lord 
Southampton and another the 4th Earl of Abingdon, from which marriages 
the succeeding peers are descended. 

1752. "William Beckford. Brother of Richard Beokford (Alderman 1754-6) and 
father of the author of Vathek, whose daughter married the 16th Duke of 
Hamilton. His wife was grand-daughter of the 6th Earl of Abercorn, and his 
sister married successively the 2nd Earl of Effingham and Field-Marshal 
Sir George Howard. He was conspicuous by his great wealth, his intimate 
friendship with Chatham (see vol. I,, p. 292) and his strong opposition to the 
policy of George III., to whom he made the impromptu speech inscribed upon 
his monument in Guildhall, (the composition of which, however, in the form 
in which it there appears, was claimed by Home Tooke.) He died (during 
his second term of office as Lord Mayor) less than a month afterwards. The 
events of his Mayoralty (James Townsend and John Sawbridge being 
Sheriffs) are well summarised in Dr. Sharpe's London and the Kingdom, iii., 
90-105. Horace Walpole, who was politically in sympathy with him, estimated - 
him fairly accurately. In a letter to the Earl of Strafford a few days after his 
death , he writes ' the papers make one sick with talking of that noisy vapouring 
fool, as they would of Algernon Sidney,' (Letters ed. Cunningham, v., 248.) 



Notes on the Aldermen, 1220-1912. 199 

1752. John Porter. Son of a French officer who fought in Ireland for James II. 
and changed his name from La Roche to Porter, and brother to Sir James 
Porter, Ambassador at Constantinople and Brussels. 

1754. Richard Sclater. Great-grandfather of George Sclater-Booth, created Lord 
Basing (the victim of Lord Randolph Churchill's denunciation of the incom- 
petence of officials with 'double-barrelled' names). 

1754. WiUiam Bridgen. He married (as her fourth husband) the widow of the 
2nd Earl of Bellomont. Mr. Welch {Modern History of the City of London, 
p. 58) says that from the close of his Mayoralty (1764) till 6 days before his 
death in 1779, when he came up to vote for Serjeant Adair as Recorder 'in such 
a state of weakness as to need supporting into the hall,' he had ' attended 
neither Council nor Wardmote meetings.' He was, however, present and voted 
for Wilkes as Lord Mayor in the Court of Aldermen in 1772, and for Glynn as 
Recorder in the same year. In the Guildhall MS. 200, ' Rus habitatum 
abii ' (Terence), is suggested as his motto in reference to his withdrawal 
from civic life. 

1754. Sir "William Stephenson. Father-in-law of John Sawbcidge (Lord Mayor 
1775-6). 

1754. Elchard Beckford. Brother of William Beckford (Lord Mayor 1762-3, 
1769-70). 

1754. Sir Francis Gosling. Banker of the firm Gosling, Bennett and Gosling 
(later Goslings and Sharpe) , Fleet Street. He had previously been a book- 
seller. (Mr. Hilton Price in his Handbook of London Bankers, p. 71, throws 
unnecessary doubt on this fact.) 

1758. Alexander Master. He retired from the Court of Aldermen on account 
of pecuniary embarrassment, and was granted a pension of £100 June 21, 
1768 [Rep. 172, fo. 378). 

1761. Thomas Harley. Brother of the 3rd Earl of Oxford of that family, and 

grand-nephew of the 1st Earl, Queen Anne's Lord Treasurer. Two of his 
daughters married respectively the 2nd Lord Rodney and the 9th Earl of 
Kinnoul, from which marriages the later peers are descended. He was a 
prominent supporter of the Court party in the struggle with Wilkes and the 
Whig opposition. He was at first in business as a wine merchant in 
Aldersgate Street, but in 1778 became a banker in the firm of Raymond, 
Harley, Webber & Co., George Street, Mansion House (afterwards Thomas 
Harley, Cameron & Sons), which ceased to exist in 1797. 

1762. Sir Henry Bankes. His daughter married the 1st Lord Brownlow and was 

mother of the 1st Earl. He was passed over for the Mayoralty on account 

of his support of the Court in opposition to Wilkes. 
1704. Barlo"W Trecothick. His widow became the third wife of the 1st Viscount 

Curzon. His estate of Addington Park was bought after his death for the 

Archbishops of Canterbury. 
1765. Eichard Peers. Father of Sir Richard Peers-Symons, Bart. 

1765. Brass Crosby. When Lord Mayor he, with Alderman Oliver, was committed 

to the Tower for the part they took in the struggle with the House of 
Commons on the question of publishing debates. See Dr. Sharpe's London 
and the Kingdom, iii., 108-119. He was an attorney and married successively 
three wealthy widows : hence in Guildhall MS. 200 (' Mottoes for Aldermen 
1772 ') the Juvenalian quotation ' veniunt a dote sagittae ' is suggested as 
appropriate to him. 

1766. "William Cracraft. His wife married the last Earl of Castlehaven. 

1766. Sir Thomas Hallifax. Partner in the banking firm of Vere, Glyn 

and Hallifax, afterwards Hallifax, Glyn, Mills and Mitton. (The name 
Hallifax was retained in the firm till 1852.) 

1767. Sir James Esdaile. He was a strong supporter of the Court at the period 

of the American War, which the Whig majority in the Common Council 
opposed, and when Lord Mayor refused to put to the vote at Common Hall a 
resolution of thanks to the City members for their opposition to the ' weak 
and wicked administration ' of Lord North. He was the founder in 1781 of 
the banking firm of Bsdaile, Hammet and Esdaile, Birchin Lane (afterwards 
Lombard Street). Sir John Baddeley, Aldermen of Cripplegate Ward, p. 96, 
names his 4th son William Esdaile as senior partner, but the style of the 
firm is given in the Boyal Kalendar for 1782 and following years as Esdaile, 
Sir James and Son, Hammet and Esdaile. 



200 Notes on the Aldeemen, 1220-1912. 



1767 Samuel Plumbe. Brother-iu-law of Henry Thrale, the brewer (Dr. Johnson s 
friend). In the anonymous (and scandalous) City Biography (2nd ed., 1800), 
he is said to have 'possessed nearly as much avarice as old Elwes.' He was 
disfranchised in 1773 for refusing, when Prime Warden of the Goldsmiths in 
1770 to execute a precept of the Lord Mayor summoning a Common Hall, 
but the judgment was reversed in 1775. See ' Case of Mr. Alderman Plumbe 
[Guildhall Library] , and Dr. Sharpe's London and the Kingdom, iii., 138, 189. 

1767. Brackley Kermebt. He was Lord Mayor at the time of the Gordon Eiots, 
and his display of querulous ineptitude at that crisis is immortahsed in 
Dickens' Barnaby Budge. He was the last in seniority of four Aldermen, 
who, as supporters of the Court, were passed over in the elections for the 
Mayoralty in favour of junior Aldermen who were Whigs in the years 1772 
to 1775. He was a, wine merchant and, according to City Biography 
(p. 139), had been a waiter at a tavern. 

1769. John "Wilkes. His public life is part of the general history of England : it 
is admirably recorded in the Dictionary of National Biography. His sister is 
said to have been the prototype of Dickens' Miss Havisham in Great 
Expectations. The civic history of Wilkes is treated very fully in vol. iii. of 
Dr. Sharpe's London and the Kingdom. Wilkes, contrary to the usual 
practice, retained his Aldermanry after election to the Chamberlainship. 

1769. James ToTwnsend. One of the most prominent leaders of the Whig party in 
the City. In general politics he was an adherent of Lord Shelburne. After 
the split among Wilkes' supporters, he took the anti- Wilkes side together 
with Home Tooke and Aldermen Sawbridge and Oliver. There is a good account 
of him by Mr. W. P. Courtney in Notes and Queries, 11th Series v., pp. 2-4 
(January 6, 1912). 

1769. Jolin Sa-wbridge. He was a strong adherent of the Whig opposition and in 

several successive years brought forward in the House of Commons a motion 
in favour of annual parliaments. Wraxall in his Memoirs speaks of his 'coarse 
invectives' against Lord North. He was also famous as a whist player. He was 
brother to the republican lady historian Mrs. Macaulay, and son-in-law 
successively of Sir Orlando Bridgeman, Bart, (brother of the first Lord 
Bradford) and of Sir William Stephenson (Lord Mayor 1764-5). 

1770. John Bird. Grandfather of John Bird Sumner, Archbishop of Canterbury, 

and of Charles Bichard Sumner, Bishop of Winchester. His wife's brother 
was father of William Wilberforce and grandfather of Samuel Wilberforce, 
Bishop of Winchester. His sister was mother of the first Lord Carrington 
and ancestress of the Marquess of Lincolnshire. 

1770. Bichard Oliver. A West India Merchant and one of the civic Whig leaders 
in the period of Wilkes and the American war, and one of the conspicuous 
members of the Society of the Bill of Eights. In the quarrel between Wilkes 
and some of his former supporters, Oliver took a leading part against him and 
refused to be associated with him as a candidate for the Shrievalty. 

1772. Frederick Bull. A prominent adherent of Wilkes and conspicuous as a 
supporter of Lord George Gordon's Protestant crusade in 1780 which led to 
the riots. 

1772. Joseph Martin. Partner in the banking firm of Martins, Stone and Blackwell 
(afterwards Martin & Co.), Lombard Street (at the sign of the Grasshopper). 

1772. Sir "Watkin Lewes. A Welshman by birth and an attorney in the City. 
He spent very large sums in electioneering. He was originally one of the 
prominent Whig politicians in the City, but afterwards steadily supported Pitt. 

1772. Sir "William Plomer. He is said to have had a pugilistic encounter when 

Lord Mayor with Alderman Plumbe ; see City Biography, p. 24, where another 
scandalous anecdote is recorded of him. 

1773. Sir "Walter Ea"wlinson. Son of Sir Thomas Eawlinson (Lord Mayor 1753-4) 

and sqn-in-law of Sir Robert Ladbroke (1747-8), with whom he was partner in 
the banking firm of Sir Robert Ladbroke, Son, Rawlinson and Porker. 

1773. Robert Peckham. Author of ' Considerations on the Advantages of Imports 

to the Navigation and Commerce of this Country.' 

1774. George Hayley. Brother-in-law of John Wilkes. 



Notes on the Aldeemen, 1220-1912. 201 

1774:. Nathaniel Newnham. The last member of the Mercers' Company who has 
condescended to be a member of the Court of Aldermen, in which for more 
than four conturies (1298-1711) it was only unrepresented for the brief space 
of three months. He founded in 1785 the banking firm of Newnham, Everett, 
Drununond, Tibbits and Tanner, Lombard Street (afterwards Everett and Co.). 

1775. "William. Lee. A native of Virginia, and one of six brothers who, strongly 
supported the colonists in the struggle for independence. One of his brothers, 
Richard Henry Lee, proposed the resolution in Congress, for separation from 
the mother country. He returned to Virginia and died there. 

1775. Hiagh Smith. He was Physician to the Middlesex Hospital. The (usually 

scurrilous) City Biography contains a very laudatory account of his virtues, 
touching lightly on his whimsicalities. 

1776. Thomas "Wooldridge. He became bankrupt in July, 1777, but retained his 

seat as Alderman till February, 1783, when he VFas removed by a vote of the 
Court. The notice of him in City Biography says that ' impudence made him 
and caused him to be unmade an Alderman,' and that'll he had possessed 
capacity equal to his effrontery, it is probable he would have made a consider- 
able figure.' A grant of £100 was voted to his widow by the Court of Common 
Council, June 2, 1795. 

1777. Evan Pugh. Was partner with William Benn (Lord Mayor 1746 7) in his 

soap boiling business, having been (according to City Biography) originally a 
porter. He became bankrupt about the same time as Alderman Hart, and 
was made with him one of the principal Land Coal Meters. 

1780. John Burnell. DescaheA. in City Biography a,B ' very rich and very penurious.' 

He is said to have been originally a journeyman bricklayer, and to have 
been advised by Wilkes at a city feast, when he had a difficulty in cutting a 
pudding with an ordinary implement, to try a trowel. 

1781. " Willi a.m GiU. Brother-in-law and partner of Thomas Wright (Lord Mayor 

1785-6). 

1782. "William Pickett. At the Common Hall for the election of Lord Mayor in 1788 

he proposed the demolition of Temple Bar, but obtained no support. 

1782. John Boydell. The well-known engraver and print-seller, projector of the 

Shakspeare Gallery of Engravings. 

1783. Sir James Sanderson. His second wife (daughter of Thomas Skinner, 

Lord Mayor 1794-5) after his death married the religious fanatic, William 
Huntington ' S.S.' Their daughter married Richard Burdon, and was mother 
of Sir John Burdon-Sanderson, the eminent physician. He was a banker in 
Southwark and afterwards in Mansion House Street ; Sir Charles Price 
(Lord Mayor 1802-3) was later senior partner in the same house. Before 
engaging in the banking business Sanderson had been a hop merchant. 

1784. Sir Brook "Watson. He lost a leg when a boy by the bite of a shark while 

bathing at Havanna. Being a strong adherent of Pitt in parliament, he was 
one of the butts for the witticisms of the Rolliad. 
' Modest Watson, on his wooden leg : 

That leg, in which such wondrous art is shown. 

It almost seems to serve him like his own. 

Oh I had the monster, who for breakfast ate 

That luckless limb, his nobler noddle met. 

The best of workmen, nor the best of wood. 

Had scarce supplied him with a head so good.' 

1784. Kichard Atkinson. An army contractor and adherent of Pitt. He also is 

satirised in the Bolliad, where he is referred to as 'the minor Kinson' to 
distinguish him from Charles Zenlnnson (afterwards 1st Earl of Liverpool) . 

1785. Thomas Skinner. The leading auctioneer of his time. 'Peter Pindar' 

satirised him in ' The Royal Sheep ' as the 

' Emperor of auctioneers, 
Who, with a hammer and a conscience clear 
Pompously gets ten thousand pounds a year.' 
He was a staunch Whig, and refused to accept the Mayoralty a second time 
when elected by the Court of Aldermen in 1799 in preference to Harvey 
Combe, whom the Tory majority had rejected six times in succession. 



202 Notes on the Aldebmen, 1220-1912. 

1785. Sir William Curtis. He was tbe civic leader of the Tories for many years 
and a favourite subject of satire for the Whigs. He is popularly credited 
with the paternity of the phrase ' the three R's." City Biography gives a 
variant version ' the three C's — Cox, King and Curtis.' Byron makes fun of 
his appearance in a kilt during George IV.'s visit to Scotland. He was 
originally a sugar baker at Wapping, and established about 1790 the banking 
firm of Bobarts, Curtis, Were, Hornyold and Berwick, Cornhill (afterwards 
Lombard Street). 

1785. Sir Benjamin IIamm.ett. Son-in-law of Sir James Esdaile (Lord Mayor 

1777-8) and partner with him in the banking firm of Esdaile, Hammett and 
Esdaile. He declined to accept the Mayoralty when elected in 1797 and 
resigned his Aldermanry the following year. He was said to have been a 
footman to ' Vulture Hopkins,' the miser and usurer. 

1786. WilliamL Newman. He was repeatedly passed over for the Mayoralty on 

account of his Whiggism at the time of the French Revolutionary War. 

1786. George Mackenzie Macauley. He failed to reach the Mayoral chair for 
the same reason as Newman. 

1789. Sir John Anderson. The son of a day-labourer in Hampshire according to 

City Biography, which gives a ludicrous account of his appearance on horse- 
back when George III. went to St. Paul's in state during his Mayoralty. ■ In 
G. E. C[okayne]'s Complete Baronetage it is stated that he was born at 
Dantzic, the son of a Scotch merchant who had settled there, and City 
Biography admits that 'it is generally supposed' that that city was his 
birthplace. 

1790. Harvey Christian Combe. Eur many years the leader of the civic 

Whigs ; during the French Revolutionary War period he was returned at six 
successive elections for Lord Mayor and passed over by the Court of Aldermen. 
He was elected in 1799 after Alderman Skinner, who had been returned with 
him, had declined to accept ofiSce, and at the close of his Mayoralty was 
returned by the Liverymen for re-election, but not chosen. He established 
the brewing firm of Shum, Combe and Delafield. 

1790. Sir Bichard Carr G-lyn. Son of Sir Richard Glyn (Lord Mayor 1758-9), 
father of the first Lord Wolverton, and grandfather of Bishop Carr Glyn 
of Peterborough. He was head of the banking firm of Glyn, Mills, 
Hallifax and Co. 

1793. Sir William Staines. An interesting account of his early life was printed 
in the European Magazine for November, 1807, which is epitomised by Sir 
J. Baddeley in his Aldermen of Cripplegate Ward, pp. 98, 99. 

1795. Sir John Bamer. For a hoax of which he was the victim, see Mr. Welch's 
Modern History of the City of London, p. 148. 

1795. William Lushington. In his earlier days a strong Reformer and one of the 

founders of the Radical Society of Friends of the People : afterwards a staunch 
supporter of Pitt, and the successful champion of the civic Tories against 
Harvey Combe in the bye-election of 1795. He was a partner in the banking 
firm of Boldero, Adey, Lushington and Boldero, Cornhill, which stopped 
payment in 1812. 

1796. Robert Williams. A partner in the banking firm of Williams, Sou and 

Drury, Birchin Lane, which later became Williams, Deacon, Thornton 
and Co. 

1798. Sir Charles Price. In his later years partner in the banking firm of 
Harrisons, Price, Kay and Chapman (afterwards Sir C. Price, Kay and 
Coleman), of which Sir James Sanderson (Lord Mayor 1792-3) had formerlv 
been the head. s ^ , j 

1798. Sir John Perring. Was partner in the banking firm of Sir John Perring 
Shaw, Barber and Co., Cornhill, from 1812 till it stopped payment in 1823. 

1793. Thomas Cadell. A native of Bristol, partner and successor of Andrew 
Miller, the well-known bookseller. He is described in City Biography as 
' perhaps the first bookseller in London or the world.' He is said to have 
contracted asthma, of which he died, through attending service every Sunday 
at some one of the prisons during his Shrievalty (Mr. Welch's Modern History 
of the City of London, p. 108). 



Notes on the Aldermen, 1220-1912. 203 



1798. George Hibbert. One of the leaders of tte ' West India interest,' and of the 
opposition to the abolition of slavery. He was a great collector of books, 
pictures and plants, the sale of his library lasting i2 days. 

1802. Thomas Eowcroft. He was shot by a sentinel of the advanced guard of 

Bolivar's army whose challenge he disregarded on the road from CallaO to 
Lima in 1824. He was acting as British Consul in Peru at the time of 
his death. 

1803. Josh-ua Jonathan Smith. He was co-executor with Lady Hamilton of 

Nelson's Will. 

1803. Sir Matthew Bloxam.^ Originally a stationer, afterwards head of the 

banking firm of Bloxam, Wilkinson, Taylor and Bloxam, Gracechurch Street, 
which failed in 1809. From 1818 till his death he was storekeeper to the 
Public Stationery Office. He founded the Sheriffs' fund for the relief of 
debtors. 

1804. Sir Claudius Hunter. A solicitor, afterwards called to the Bar : his maternal 

grandfather was great-nephew of Sir Hans Sloane. His sister was mother of 
Cardinal Manning. 

1SC4. John Prinsep. He had been an indigo planter, and wrote a Eeview of the 
Trade of the East India Company. 

1804. Josiah Boydell. Nephew of John Boydell (Lord Mayor 1790-1). 

1806. John Peter Hankey. Great-grandson of Sir Henry Hankey (Alderman, 

Sherifi 1732-3). He was a partner in the banking firm of Hankey, Hall, 
Hankey and Alers, Fenchurch Street, and died during the progress of the poll 
for the City at the general election of 1807, being himself one of the candidates. 
(See vol. I., p. 282.) 

1807. Samuel Birch. He was the head of the confectionery establishment in Cornhill, 

and was also a writer of dramas and of a poem called ' the Abbey of 
Ambresbury.' He was a strong opponent of the Catholic claims, and published 
speeches against concession. 

1807. Sir Matthew "Wood. Father of Lord Chancellor Hatherley and of Western 

Wood, M.P. for the City. His eldest son, Sir John Page Wood, was father of 
Field-Marshal Sir Evelyn Wood, and of Mrs. C. S. Parnell (previously 
Mrs. O'Shea). The Alderman's daughter gave her name to the City Barge 
the Maria Wood which cost £2,000 and was sold in 1860 for 100 guineas. He 
was a leader of the advanced Liberal party in the City, and made himself 
conspicuous by his vehement support of Queen Caroline, which caused him to 
be the butt of Theodore Hook, who satirised him in John Bull as ' Absolute 
Wisdom.' He was originally a druggist and afterwards a hop merchant. 

1808. Sir William Plomer. Son of Sir WiUiam Plomer (Lord Mayor 1781-2). 

He was a graduate of Brasenose College, Oxford. 

1809. Samuel Goodbehere. A leading member of the advanced Whig party in the 

Common Council for many years. 

1809. "W^illiam Jacob. A well-known writer on agriculture and the corn trade. 

1812. Sir "William Heygate. A partner in the banking firm of Pares and 

Heygate, Aldermanbury. 

1813. Robert Albion Oox. He obtained a verdict for £800 damages against 

Edmund Kean the actor, in January, 1825, for crim. con. 

1818. Robert Waithman. A Welshman, proprietor of a linen-drapery business in 
Fleet Street, where the obelisk to his memory now stands, which a critic of the 
time describes as ' supremely contemptible. ' (Mr. Welch's Modern History o/ 
the City of London, p. 170.) He was the leader of the extreme Eadical party 
in the City, and a popular orator. 

8. The spelling in the text which is that of the Official Returns of Members of Parliament 
and of the London Gazette notice of Ms Knighthood is certainly correct ; in 
Hilton Price's Handbook of London Bankers and elsewhere the name appears 
as Blox/iam. 



204 Notes on the Aldeembn, 1220-1912. 

1821. "William Venables. His mayoralty was made memorable and somewhat 
ridiculous by the account of his state ■visit as Conservator of the Thames to 
Oxford by water, which was printed by his chaplain, the Rev. Robert Crawford 
Dillon and reviewed by Theodore Hook in John Bull. (See Dictionary of 
National Biography, s. v. Dillon, where a good account of Dillon's erratic 
career is given, and of his narrative of the Lord Mayor's visit to Oxford it is 
very justly said that it ' is so supremely ridiculous that it is difficult to believe 
it was written seriously. Such, however, was the fact.') 

1821. Matthias Prime Lucas. He was Commodore of the Eiver Fencibles at the 

time of the anticipated invasion by Napoleon (1804-5). His mayoral procession 
was exceptionally magnificent. 

1822. "William Thompson. A wealthy ironmaster, proprietor of the Pen-y Darran 

and Tredegar iron works. His daughter married the Earl of Bective, 
afterwards 3rd Marquess of Headfort. 

1823. Sir John Key. Lord Mayor during the Reform Bill agitation and re-elected as a 

reward for his Reforming zeal. He was also one of the Liberal members for 
the City, elected after the passing of the bill, but his tenure of the seat was brief 
and his exit inglorious. He was often spoken of during his mayoralty as 
' Don Key.' 

1823. John Cro"wder. He was proprietor of the Public Ledger newspaper. 

1826. Sir Peter Laurie. A saddler in Oxford Street, having been originally 
foreman to David Pollock, the King's saddler, founder of the Pollock family 
which has given so many distinguished members to the law, the army, or the 
church. He was a very active magistrate, and the object of much banter in 
the early issues of Punch. He was also supposed to be the original of Alderman 
Cute in Dickens' The Chimes. A nephew,^ John Laurie, was Sheriff 1845-6, and 
another, Peter Northall Laurie, was one of the last Common Pleaders of the City. 

1826. Charles Farebrother. The head of the eminent firm of auctioneers, whose 

business was afterwards acquired by Sir J. Whittaker Ellis (Lord Mayor 
1881-2). 

1827. Edward Archer "Wilde. Brother of Lord Chancellor Truro and father of 

Lord Penzance, Judge of the Divorce Court. 

1829. "William Taylor Copeland. An eminent porcelain manufacturer at Stoke- 
upon-Trent, head of the business formed by Josiah Spode, with whom his 
father was partner. 

1829. Henry^ Winchester. During his Mayoralty he refused to allow political 

meetings in Common Hall, and in consequence the customary vote of thanks by 
the Common Council at the end of his term of office was negatived. Shortly 
before his death he became insolvent and lost his reason. 

1830. Thomas Kelly. He was a well-known publisher. See Passages from the Life 

of Alderman Kelly, by R. C. Pell, also Curwen's HiUory of Booksellers. 
pp. 368-371. 

1832. "William Hughes Hughes. His original patronymic was Hewitt: he 

changed his name to Hughes in May, 1825. He wrote a preface and notes to 
an edition (1834) of De Lolme's Constitution of England. 

1833. James Harmer. The sou of a Spitalfields weaver. He was an attorney and 

proprietor of the ultra-Radical Weekly Dispatch. His connexion with that 
paper caused his rejection at the poll for Lord Mayor in 1810. Lord Broughton 
{Recollections of a Long Life, iv., 827), writes (December 4, 1833), 'Alderman 
Harmer, the attorney, who sits on the London bench to punish petty larceny 
gets £3,000 or £4,000 a year by being proprietor of the Weekh/ Dispatch, a 
paper which thrives on the worst of all crimes, the destruction of private and 
public character.' 



9. In the original edition of the Dictionary of National Biography appear the 
contradictory statements that he took his sons into partnership, and that he 
had no children. The latter is correct. ' Nephews ' has been substituted for 
sons in the later edition. 



Notes on the Aldermen, 1220-1912. 205 



1833. Thomas Johnson. Originally an oil merchant in Aldgate;, afterwards 

founded the banking firm of Johnson, Mann and Co., at Romford, the failure 
of which caused his resignation of the Aldermanry. He died a pensioner of 
the Charterhouse at the age of 86, in 1849. 

1834. Sir John Pirie. The Prince of Wales (afterwards King Edward VII.) was 

born on the day on which Pirie entered on office as Lord Mayor. He was 
Deputy-Chairman of the Peninsular and Oriental Steamship Company. 
1885. Thomas "Wood. A solicitor in the City. He was rejected by the Court of 
Aldermen when returned at the Common Hall at the elections for Lord Mayor 
in 1842, 1844, 1845 and 1846, and in 1843 was defeated at the poU. The 
opposition to him was due to the circumstances of his connexion with the 
Talaore Coal and Iron Company. He became bankrupt in December, 1847, and 
was afterwards provided for by being made Clerk to the Justices at Guildhall. 

1835. Sir David Salomons. He was the first Jew to be elected Alderman, Sheriff 

or Lord Mayor. He was one of the founders of the London and Westminster 
Bank. 

1835. John Humphery. Father of Sir William Henry Humphery, 1st Baronet 
(who married a daughter of William Cubitt, Lord Mayor 1860-62), and 
grandfather of John Humphrey (Alderman 1912- ). 

1835. James "White. He was a merchant in the China trade and after giving up 
his Aldermanry lived for some years in China. After his return he was a 
prominent member of the extreme Radical party in the House of Commons. 

1838. Sir William Magnay. Son of Christopher Magnay (Lord Mayor 1821-2). 
The present Royal Exchange was opened during his Mayoralty'. 

1838. Michael Gibhs. He was Churchwarden of St. Stephen's, Walbrook, and 

Treasurer of the Ward schools, and was in constant litigation with the 
parishioners with regard to the administration of the parochial funds in his 
hands. He was repeatedly attacked by Puvcli. 

1839. John Johnson. His father was the contractor for the Plymouth breakwater. 

1841. Thomas Farncomb. One of the few bachelor Lord Mayors. 

1842. Sir John Musgrove. He was the head of an eminent firm of auctioneers. 

Sir John Whittaker EUis, who succeeded him in his Aldermanry, became his 
partner. He was Lord Mayor during the year of the Great Exhibition in 1851. 

1844. Sir Francis Moon. Head of the print-publishing firm of Moon, Boys and 
Graves. His eldest son married a daughter of Thomas Sidney (Lord Mayor 
1853-4). 

1848. Thomas Quested Finnis. Brother of Colonel Pinnis, who was commander 
of the Station at Meerut and was killed by the Sepoys when the Indian 
Mutiny broke out in May, 1857, during the year of the Alderman's Mayoralty. 

1848. 'William La-wrence. Father of Sir William Lawrence (Lord Mayor 1863-4), 

Sir James Lawrence (Lord Mayor 1868-9) and Sir Edwin Durning Lawrence 
(one of the literary champions of the Anti-Shakspeareans in the controversy 
as to the authorship of Shakspeare's plays). He and his sons were Unitarians 
in religion. 

1849. Sir Robert "Walter Garden. . Grandson of John Walter, the founder of 

The Times. When he entered on his Mayoralty the customary water 
procession was discontinued. 

1851. David "Williams 'Wire. A solicitor of the firm of Wire and Child. He was 
seized with paralysis very shortly after entering on his year of office as Lord 
Mayor. 

1851. "William Cubitt. An eminent builder and contractor, younger brother of 
Thomas Cubitt, the builder of South Belgravia. He was re-elected to the 
Mayoralty at the close of his first year of office, partly as a consolation for his 
defeat in the contest for the parliamentary representation of the City on the 
retirement of Lord John Russell. He started the Mansion House Lancashire 
Relief Fund while Lord Mayor. His son-in-law, Sir William Humphery (son 
of John Humphery, Lord Mayor 1842-3) succeeded him as M.P. for Andover. 
His re-election to the Presidency of St. Bartholomew's Hospital after his 
resignation of his Aldermanry gave rise to litigation, which was not judicially 
decided till after his death, the ofSce having hitherto been regarded as tenable 
only by an Alderman of London, 



206 Notes on the Aldbembn, 1220-1912. 

1854. Eichard Hartley Kennedy. Was for many years a physician and surgeon in 

the Bombay army and wrote Notes on the Epidemic of Cholera at Calcutta, 
1827, and a Narrative of the Campaign of the Army of the Indus, also a tragedy 
and some poetical fragments. On his return to England he became Deputy 
Governor of the Royal British Bank, on the failure of which he, with other 
directors, was convicted of fraud and was sentenced to nine month's 
imprisonment. 

1855. Sir William Lawrence. Son of William Lawrence (Alderman, Sheriff 1849-50). 

He was the last Liberal representative of the City in parliament up to the 
present time. He was one of the bachelor Lord Mayors, as also was his 
brother. Sir James Lawrence, but, unlike him, he remained unmarried till his 
death. 

1856. "Warren Stormes Hale. Son-in-law of Richard Lea (Alderman 1803-8). He 

was the originator of the City of London School and Chairman of its Committee 
from its opening till his death . 

1857. Sir Benjamin Phillips. Father of Sir Georgs Faudel-Phillips (Lord Mayor 

1896-7), and father-in-law of Baron Henry de Worms, created Lord PirbrJght. 

1857. Sir Thomas G-abriel. Son-in-law of Charles Pearson (City Solicitor) and 

father-in-law of His Honour Judge Lumley Smith, Judge of the City of 
London Court. 

1858. William Feraeley Allen. His procession on Lord Mayor's Day was devoid 

of all attraction, even the State Coach not being used. This absence of the 
usual pageantry gave great dissatisfaction. He was the author of a work on 
the Corporation of London: its rights and privileges . 

18.58. John Joseph Mechi. Was in business as a cutler, and invented a well-known 
razor strop ; also devoted much attention to agricultural experiments at his 
model farm at Tiptree Heath. Author of How to Farm Profitably. 

1860. Sir James Clarke La-wrence. Son of William Lawrence (Alderman, Sheriff 
1849-50), and brother of Sir William Lawrence (Lord Mayor 1863-4). The 
Holborn Viaduct was opened during his Mayoralty. At the close of his 
term of office he was nominated for re-election but withdrew before the close 
of the poll. Like his brother, he was a bachelor when Chief Magistrate of the 
City, but later, when almost a septuagenarian, he married. 

1863. Sir Sydney Waterlow. Gave the land for the construction of Waterlow Park 
at Highgate. 

1863. Sir Andrew Lusk. He was a prominent advocate of retrenchment in the 

House of Commons and a rigid critic of the smallest details of the estimates. 
He was a Scotchman by birth. 

1864. David Henry Stone. A solicitor and the last Principal of Clifford's Inn. He 

was nephew of Thomas Farnoomb (Lord Mayor 1849-50). 

1866. Sir Richmond Cotton. The first Conservative Alderman who sat for the City 

in Parliament since 1880 (a period of 44 years). He, like Samuel Birch (Lord 
Mayor 1814-5), was a votary of the Muses and published a volume of Verse 
entitled Imagination and other Poems. 

1867. Sir Joseph Causton. Father of Lord Southwark. 

1871. Sir Thomas White. During his Mayoralty his daughter, who was acting as 
Lady Mayoress, was married in St. Paul's Cathedral, this being the first 
marriage there celebrated for 120 years. 

1871. Sir Francis Truscott. Father of his successor in the Aldermanry of Dowgate 

Sir George Truscott (Lord Mayor 1908-9). ' 

1872. Sir William M'Arthtir. Amassed a large fortune in the Australian export 

trade: was the leader of the movement for the annexation of Fiji and one 
of the founders of the London Chamber of Commerce. 

1872 Sir John Whittaker BUis. During his Mayoralty Epping Forest was formally 
opened to the public by Queen Victoria. He was the first Mayor of Richmond 
He was partner with his predecessor in the Aldermanry, Sir John Musgrove 
(Lord Mayor 1850-1), as an auctioneer and estate agent, and was afterwards 
head of the firm of Parebrother, Ellis and Co., having acquired the business 
formerly carried on by Charles Farebrother (Lord Mayor 1838-4). 

1874. Sir Henry Knight. He is now (October, 1912) the senior Alderman having 
represented Cnpplegate in the Court of Aldermen for over 38 years It is 
worthy of note that Cripplegate has had only three Aldermen in 105 years 
Sir Matthew Wood having served for 36 and Mr. Challis for nearly 31 years ' 



Notes on the Aldermen, 1220-1912. 207 



1875, Simeon Charles Hadley. He was passed over by the Court of Aldermen in 
his turn for the Mayoralty, but as in the case of Sir Henry Muggeridge (1861), 
'subsequent events fully justified the course taken' (Mr. Welch's Modern 
History of the City of London, p. 362). 

1875. George Swan Nottage. The only Lord Mayor who died in his year of 

of&oe since William Beckford, 105 years previously. 

1876. Sir John Staples. Brother-in-law of Sir John Whittaker Ellis (Lord Mayor 

1881-2). He was the author of Notes on the Church of St. Botolph, Alderscjate. 

1877. Sir John Bennett. A native of Greenwich and brother of William Cox 

Bennett the song-writer, who claimed the merit of introducing Gladstone's 
name to the electors of that borough which he represented after his rejection 
by South Lancashire. Sir John was the proprietor of a much-advertised retail 
watch business in Cheapside, and was the last person elected an Alderman whom 
the Court rejected three times successively. 

1878. Sir Eobert Fo"wler. Partner in the banking firm of Dimsdale, Fowler, 

Barnard and Dimsdales, Cornhill. He was of Quaker parentage but joined the 
Established Church and exchanged the Liberal politics of his family for strong 
Toryism. He was a good classical scholar and quoted from the Iliad of Homer 
in the original Greek at his Mayoral banquet in 1883. His only son and 
successor in the Baronetcy was killed in the Boer war in 1902 : one of his 
daughters married Sir Alfred Pease, Bart. 

1880. Sir Reginald Hanson. Educated at Rugby and Trinity College, Cambridge. 
Father of Sir Francis Hanson, who succeeded him in the Aldermanry of 
Billingsgate. 

1882. Sir Polydore De Keyser. A native of Belgium, and the first Roman 
Catholic Lord Mayor of London since the 16th century. He was proprietor of 
De Keyser's Hotel, Victoria Embankment. 

1882. Herbert Jameson "Waterlow. Nephewof Sir Sydney Waterlow (Lord Mayor 

1872-3). 

1888. Sir Henry Isaacs. Uncle of Sir Rufus Isaacs, the eminent Counsel [now 
(1912) Attorney-General]. He published memoirs of his Slayoralty and a 
work on the teaching of the deaf and dumb. 

1883. Edward James Gray. He and his colleague Sir Alfred Newton (Lord 

Mayor 1899-1900) were the last Sherifis of London and Middlesex, the Local 
Government Act of 1888 taking away from the City the right of electing a 
Sherifi for the County. 

1885. Sir Stuart Knill. The second Roman Catholic Lord Mayor since the era of 
the Reformation. 

1887. Sir George Tyler During his Mayoralty the Tower Bridge was opened. 

1888. Sir George Fandel-PhiUips. Son of Sir Benjamin Phillips (Lord Mayor 

1865-6) and his successor in the Aldermanry of Farringdon Within. He 
married a sister of Lord Burnham. 

1889. Sir Horatio Davies. He was for some years the proprietor of Crosby Hall, 

then used as a restaurant. 

1890. Sir Alfred Ne"wton. The City Imperial Volunteers were raised during his 

Mayoralty. 

1891. Sir Frank Green. Son-in-law of Joseph Haydn, compiler of the Dictionary of 

Dates. 

1891. Sir Joseph Dimsdale. An Etonian, and a partner with Sir Robert Fowler 
(his predecessor in the Aldermanry of CornhilJ) in the banking firm of 
Dimsdale, Fowler, Barnard and Dimsdales. 



208 Notes on the Aldbemen, 1220-1912. 

1891. Sir Janaes Ritchie. Elder brother of the first Lord Ritchie of Dundee (Lord 

St. Aldwyn's sucoassor as Ohanoellor of the Exchequer). He and Sir Horatio 
Davies (Lord Mayor 1897-8) died on the same day and Sir J. Whittaker Ellis 
(Lord Mayor 1881-2) in the same week (September, 1912). 

1892. Sir Walter "Vaughan Morgan. One of the few bachelor Lord Mayors. 

1892. Sir ■William Treloar. Author of Ludgate Hill Past and Present. Known as 
' the (Jhildren's Alderman' from the part he has taken in organising the annual 
Gaildhall Christmas Entertainments for poor children. He founded the 
Cripples Hospital and College at Alton, which bears his name. 

1895. Sir George Truscott. Son of Sir Francis Truscott (Lord Mayor 1879-80) 
whom he succeeded in the Aldermanry of Dowgate, and brother-in-law of 
Sir Homewood Crawford, the City Solicitor. 

1897. Samuel G-reen. Son-in-law of James Figgins (Alderman, SheriS 1865-6). 

1897. Sir Jolin Knill. Son of Sir Stuart Knill (Lord Mayor 1892-3) ; the third 
Roman Catholic Lord Mayor of modern times. 

1897. Sir Vezey Strong. The first total-abstaining Lord Mayor on record, and was 

toasted as such at a complimentary dinner at the National Liberal Club. He 
is the third Lord Mayor admitted to the Privy Council in modern times, the 
others being Thomas Harley (1768) and Sir Joseph Dimsdale (1902). He is one 
of the leading promoters of ' Esperanto,' which has superseded the less 
euphoniously-named ' Volapiik ' as an attempt to provide a universal language. 

1898. Sir Thomas Crosby. The first practising medical naan who has filled the 

Mayoral Chair. 

1905. Sir Francis Hanson. Son of Sir Reginald Hanson (Lord Mayor 1886-7) and 
his successor in the Aldermanry of Billingsgate. 

1912. Sir John Baddeley. Author of Tha Guildhall of the City of London, The 
Church and Parish of St. Giles Without, Cripplegate, and The Aldermen of 
Cripplegate Ward, i" 

1912. John Humphery. Grandson of John Humphery (Lord Mayor 1842-3). 



10. The last-named work contains, in addition to the subject matter implied in the 
short title, ' some account of the office of Aldermen, Alderman's Deputy and 
Common Couucilmen of the City of London,' embodyiog many interesting and 
important extracts from the records of the City at Guildhall. Hence it has 
occasionally (and not inexcusably, though inaccurately) been referred to by the 
title of ' The Aldermen of London.' The present writer has already (preface to 
vol. I., p.?) given expression, which he desires, now to repeat, to his sense of the 
great value of Sir John Baddeley's work and of the encouragement which he has 
afforded him in the preparation of this record of the Aldermen of London, which, 
though planned on a more ambitious scale, proceeds entirely from his initiative and 
of which Sir John may justly be regarded as ' the only begetter,' though in no way 
responsible for its errors or other imperfections. 



Notes on the Aldeemen, 1220-1912 209 



[The following additional notes on Aldermen are inserted here, having been 
inadvertently omitted from their places in the text in proper chronological 
sequence.^ 

1230. John "Viel. For the litigation oonsequont on the claim of his widow, 
Margaret Viel, to one-third of his goods in addition to her specified dower, 
see Chronicles of Mayors and Sheriffs (trans. Eiley), pp. 13-16 : Loftie History 
of London i., 133-136. 

1230. Jolm Travers. The four Franciscan friars, who were the first of their order 
to come to London, hired Travers' house in Oornhill soon after their arrival 
and built their cells there. 
C1232. "WiUiam Joynler. He was ejected from the Mayoralty by Henry III. because 
he refused to admit Simon fitz-Mary to the Shrievalty, who had obtained a, 
mandamus from the King enjoining the citizens to elect him. Joynier was 
an early patron of the Franciscan friars and built the choir of their church. 
Later Aldermen contributed liberally to the completion of the Church of the 
Grey Friars, the body of which was built by Henry le Waleys, Walter Poter 
contributing the chapter house, Gregory de Eokesle the dormitory, and 
Bartholomew de Oastell the refectory: Eichard Whittington later paid a 
large portion of the cost of their library. 
cl257. Simon fitz-Mary. He objected to the continuance of Nicholas Bat as 

[See vol. i.. Sheriff for a second year, declaring that 'the Mayor (M. Tovi), who favoured 
p. 405.] 'Bsit, would be a perjurer if he admitted him to ofiBoe again,'' and he temporarily 
resigned his Aldermanry but had it restored. Afterwards he supported 
Margaret Viel in her appeal against the judgment of the City Courts in her 
case, and was removed finally from his ^Idermanry for this and 'many 
other evil and detestable actions of which he had secretly been guilty against 
the City' (Chronicles of Mayors and Sheriffs, pp. 11, 16). 

1375. Jolin de Nortliampton. He is described by the chronicler Walsingham 

[Seeanfe, (ii., 65) as 'homo duri cordis et astutus.' The history of the civic struggle 

p. 162.] between the victualling and non-victualling trades, which continued during a 

considerable portion of Eichard II.'s reign and in which Brembre and 

Northampton were protagonists is admirably summarised by Dr. Sharpe in 

London and the Kingdom, vol. i., pp. 222-240. 

1379. Joiin Heende. He was elected Mayor for the second time in 1404 when he had 
ceased to be an Alderman, which office, however, he soon after resumed (see 
ante, p. 3). [Henry le Waleys also appears not to have been an Alderman of a 
Ward during his last tenure of the Mayoralty, 1298-9. See ante, Introduction, 
p.xxiii.] 

1392. Drew Barentyn. The clerks at Guildhall appear to have had some trouble 
with his somewhat unusual Christian name. On March 10, 1 400, he represented 
to the Mayor and his brother Aldermen that he had been enrolled in 'the 
red paper of redemptions of f reedmen and apprentices of the City ' as Andreas 
Barentyn on April 30, 1364, and afterwards in the 'black paper of redemptions 
of freedmen and apprentices ' was admitted a freeman by that name on 
October 26, 1870, and he requested to have ' Andreas ' (= Andrew) changed to 
'Drugo' (= Drew) [Letter Book I, fo. 16]. Apparently the writer of the 
indenture of apprenticeship to whom his name ' Drew ' was given in English, 
not being familiar with such a baptismal appellation, had understood him to 
mean ' Andrew ' and entered that name accordingly by its Latin equivalent. 
The petition was, of course, granted and the worthy Alderman was no longer 
saddled with a Christian name which he disclaimed. The incident irresistibly 
recalls Mr. Justice Stareleigh's inaccurate note of the prcenomen of Mr. 
Nathaniel Winkle. 

1456. Sir Tlionias Cook. In Fabyan's Chronicle (p. 660) he is described as ' a man 

[See ante, of great boldnesse in speech, and well spoken and syngulerly wytted and well 
p. 165] reasoned.' In Letter Book L (fo. 75b) his name appears in the list of 
Aldermen present on January 19, 11 Edw. IV. (1472) although he had been 
removed in 1471. This, however, is a clerical error. Stokton heads the same 
list as Mayor, which office he ceased to hold in October, 1471, and the entry 
itself stands between minutes of 12 and 13 July, 11 Edw. IV. (1461) and is 
therefore obviously misplaced. 

11. At the close of the Shrievalty of Walter de Winchester and Robert fltz-John (1229-30), ' all the 
Aldermen and principal men of the City ' had ' made oath that at no time would they allow any Sheriff to 
be admitted to the Sheriffwick for two consecutive years ' (Chronicles of Mayors and Sheriffs, trans. Eiley p. 6), 



210 Notes on the Aldermen, 1220-1912. 

1460. Sir John Yonge. In Gregory's Chronicle [Collections of a London Citizen, 
[See ante, Camden Soo.] p. 233, it is recorded that ' menne callyd hym the good 
P- 165.] Mayre.' 

1515. Sir Thomas Seymour. I owe an apology — ^which debt I most willingly 
discharge— to the distinguished writer of the article in the D.N.B. on Thomas, 
Lord Seymour of Sudeley, for having commented [ante, p. 24, note 31) on his 
omitting to particularize a presumed relationship between the Alderman and 
his namesake, which I discovered to be erroneous too late for correction in the 
text. I take the opportunity of acknowledging gratefully much valuable 
assistance from Professor Pollard from time to time in the course of my 
historical researches in various directions. 

1524. Sir Stephen Pecooke. In 1531 he was fined £40 for bringing his ' iii. Clokes 
of Aldermanship ' into Court, saying that he would be no longer an Alderman, 
(He remained an Alderman till his death, and occupied the Chair in 1532-3.) 
Afterwards he was mulcted in the more modest sum of twenty shillings ' for 
that he hath disclosed the oounsayll of this house contrary to warnyng gyven.' 
[Rep. 9, fo. 48, quoted in Sir John Baddeley's Aldermen of Cripplegate Ward, 
p. 184.] 

1527. Paul Wy thypool. Noorthouek, in recording (History of London, p. 119) a vote 
of Common Council, according Wythypool the privilege of being present at all 
their meetings and debates (October 22, 1539), gives his name as ' Paul Wythyn 
Pool' and indexes him as ' Pool.' This appears to be an anticipation of Count 
Smorltork's entry of Mr. Pickwick's Jiame in his notebook as 'Peek Weeks,' 

1538. John Tolos. He married the widow of Thomas Huntlowe (Sheriff 1539-40). 

[See ante, p. 170.] 

1542. Sir Richard Dobbys. During his IVIayoralty he took an active part in the 
establishment of Christ's Hospital, thereby winning the heart of Bishop 
Ridley. See Ridley's letter to him from prison shortly before his death, in 
Dr. Sharpe's London and the Kingdom i., 450. He was one of the Aldermen 
who in conjunction with the Lord Mayor (Sir G. Barne) attested the Will of 
Edward VI., leaving the succession to the throne to Lady Jane Grey. With 
him were Aldermen Sir J. Gresham, Sir A. Judde and T. Offley. 

1546. Sir John Lyon. He married the widow of Augustine Hynde (Alderman 
1546-54). 

1548. David Woodrofife. Foxe, the martyrologist, writes of his long illness (he 
[See ante, being paralysed for nearly eight years before his death) as a judgment of God 
p. 171.1 fQj jjjg cruel treatment of the Protestant Martyrs, Rogers and Bradford, who 

were burned during his shrievalty: his ooUeague, Sir W. Chester, treated 

them with more humanity. 

1554. Henry Herdson. His widow married Sir Richard Champyon (Lord Mayor 
1565-6). 

1556. Sir Richard Malorye. Machyn (Diary of a London Citizen, p. 232) records 
[Seeaiite, the burial on April 24, 1560, of his wife, "the wyche she ded in chyld-bed 
''■ ■■' of xvii. children," — a statement which cannot be accurate in its literal 

interpretation and probably indicates that this prolific lady died in giving 

birth to her seventeenth child. 

1556. Sir Christopher Draper. He is said to have been the first to institute the 
'■^"iTz'i?' °'^°® °^ bellman, having appointed such a functionary to go round his 
P' •■'' Ward (Cordwainer) by night ringing his bell and exhorting the inhabitants in 
' an audible voice to take care of their fires and lights, to help the poor and to 
pray for the dead.' It is not recorded whether the responses of the inhabitants 
whose slumbers may have been broken by his beU ' and audible voice ' were of a 
pious or an imprecatory character. See Noorthouck's History of London, p. 129. 
(Fuller says that ' the useful custom of the night-bellmen ' began in the 
Mayoralty of Sir T. OfHey). 

1593. Lancelot Bathurst. Grandfather of Sir Benjamin Bathurst (Alderman 
1683-6), from whom the Earls Bathurst are descended. One of his sons was 
pressed to death ('peine forte et dure ') for refusing to plead when arraigned on 
a charge of murder in 1609. 



Notes on the Aldermen, 1220-1912. 211 



1628. Sir "William A.cton. Further proof that Acton was not elected Lord Mayor is 

[8ee arete, afforded by Clarendon State Papers i., 208, where it is recorded under date 

footnote October 6, 1640 that ' The City have rejected Acton and return Wright as next 

in order.' Moreover Wright is described as ' Mayor elect ' in the list of 

Aldermen present in the Court on October 8 (Rep. 54, fo. 318). 

1648. Zachary Baghlord. Son of John Highlord (Alderman 1634-41). 

1722. Joh-ii Barber. The City Press of April 6, 1912 contains under the heading 
[See arefe, ' A London Prentice ' a summary of his civic career with copious extracts 
p. 196.] from a contemporary biography of him. 

1741. Sir "William Calvert. The head of the great brewery with which the name of 
his family was long associated. The original brewhouse is said by Stow (in 
whose time it was the property of Abraham Campion) to have been ' builded 
by one Pot ' — a suggestive and not inappropriate name. 

1751. Sir Samuel Fluclyer. He was a strong Tory and supporter of the policy of 
[See antf, George III. and as such obnoxious to the Wilkes party, whose poet, Churchill, 

P- 198-] satirized him as ' Dulman ' in The Ghost (iii., 993-998). 

' Our Dulman with a face was bless'd. 
Where no one passion was expressed ; 
His eye, in a fine stupour caught. 
Implied a plenteous lack of thought ; 
Nor was one line that whole face seen in. 
Which could be justly charged with meaning.' 

1752. "WiUiam Beckford. Lord Stanhope {History of England, vol. v., p. 174) says 
[See ante, that he was noted in the House of Commons for his loud tones and his faulty 

p. 198] Latin : a specimen of the latter ' omnium meum mecum porto ' is given in the 
Cavendish Debates (i., 489). 

1768. John Kirkman. He was nominally a Whig, but acted an independent and 
uncertain part in civic politics and at the election of 1780 received 
considerable support from the Court party. In reference to his ' wobbling ' 
tendencies, the compiler of the ' Mottoes for Aldermen 1772 ' (Guildhall 
MS. 200) suggests for him Virgil's ' Animo nunc hue, nunc fluctuat illuo.' 

1774. George Hayley. The Guildhall MS. 200 (Mottoes for Aldermen- Addenda 
1776), in reference to his submission to his wifee by whom he appears to have 
bean henpecked, suggests two quotations as applicable to him — Shakespeare's 
' How like a dog 
Looked Hercules thus to a distaff chained.' 
and Juvenal's ' Intolerabilius nihil est quam femina dives.' 

1775 'Willlain Lee. His parsimony when Sheriff, combined with his vehemence in 
opposition to the Court, led the compiler of the ' Mottoes for Aldermen ' 
Addenda 1776, preserved in Guildhall MS. 200, to apply to him Dryden's 
lines on Slingsby Bethel (Sheriff 1680-1)— 

' His Shrieval board 
The grossness of a City feast abhorred : 
His cooks with long disuse their trade forgot ; 
Cool was his kitchen, though his brains were hot.' 

1838 Sir "WiUiam Magnay. His resignation of his Aldermanry followed on the 
[See ante, appointment of a Committee to consider the circumstances under which he 
P-145] had been condemned in his absence by a Belgian Court of Justice (on the 
appeal of the State prosecutor from a verdict of acquittal in a lower Court) 
to fine and imprisonment for alleged fraud committed by him as a Director 
of the Great Luxembourg Railway. He challenged the fullest investigation 
into the facts, but the Committee being unable to compel attendance of 
foreign witnesses, he resigned his gown in a letter to the Lord Mayor which 
was at the same time dignified and pathetic, and the Committee was then 
dissolved without reporting. 



212 



Aldermen of the City of London. 



Aldermen who are noticed in the 
"Dictionary of National Biography." 



Alderman. 



Sir Maurice Abbot 
Williajn Abell 
Sir Tliomas Abney 
Sir Thomas Adams 
Henry Ashurst 
Edward Backwell . . 
John de Banquelle 
Sir John Barkstead 
Sir John Barnard . . 
. Benedict Baruham 
Francis Bartiham . . 

William Beokford . . 
Sir John Bennett . . 

Sir Henry Billingsley 

Samuel Birch 

William Bond {s.v. Martin 

Sir Martin Bowes . . 

John Boydell 

Josiah Boydell 

Sir Nicholas Brembre 

Sir Biohard Browne 
Thomas Cadell 
Sir James Cambell 
Sir Thomas Cambell 

Sir John Cass 

Richard Chambers 
Sir John Ohampneys 
Sir William Chester 
Sir Francis Child (i.) 
Sir Francis Child (ii.) 
Bichard Clark 
Sir Bobert Clayton 
Sir Christopher Clitherow 
Sir [sic] Hugh Clopton 
Sir WilJiam Cokayne 
Sir Henry Colet . . 
Sir Thomas Cooke . . 
William T. Copeland 
Henry Cornish 

Sir William Graven 
Brass Crosby 
Sir John Crosby . . 
William Cubitt . . 
Sir Thomas CuUum 
Sir William Curtis 
Sir John Cutler 
Sir Thomas Davies 
Gideon Delaune . . 
Sir Wolstan Dixie . . 

Sir Charles Buncombe 
Sir Humphrey Edwin 
John Eldred 
Bobert Pabyau 
Bichard Permor . . 



Volume. 



Author. 



Old Edition. 


New Baitlon 




vol. i. 






Sir S. Lee. 


») 






A. H.' Grant. 


n 






The late Bev. N. Pocook. 


vol. ii. 






The late J. E. Bailey. 


ij 


y vol 


. i. 


T. P. Henderson. 


vol. iii. 






J. M. Bigg. 


j» 






Prof. Firth. 


u 






W. P. Courtney. 






Sir S. Lee. 


vol. iv. 


vol 


ii. 


The late C. Kent. 


. . Supp. vol. i. 


vol. 


xxii. 


E. I. Carlyle. 


vol. V. 






Sir S. Lee. 

G. F. B. Barker. 


Id) 






N. Moore. 


vol. vi. 


vol 


ii. 


Sir S. Lee. 

The late C. Monkhouse. 

The late L. Pagan. 


• • )» 






J. H. Bound. 


vol. vii. 






Prof. Firth. 


vol. viii. 






Sir S. Lee. 




<■ vol. 


iii. 




" 






JJ 


. . Supp. vol. i. 


vol. 


sxii. 


T. Seocombe. 


vol. X. 






Prof. Firth. 






Sir S. Lee. 


JJ 
JJ 






C. Welch. 


JJ 






G. P.' B. Barker. 


vol. xi. 


y vol. 


iv. 


W. P. Courtney. 


• 






C. Welch. 
Sir S. Lee. 


■ ■ JJ 
■ ' JJ 






G. E. Cokayne. 
Sir S. Lee. 


vol. xii. 






G. Welch. 


JJ / 

JJ 






B. E. Graves. 
Sir S. Lee. 


. . vol. xiii. 






W. Clode. 


■• 






G. P. B. Barker. 
C. Welch. 


JJ 


vol. 




The late G. C. Boase. 


JJ 
• • JJ 


V. 


L. Cust. 

H. Morse Stephens. 


JJ 






G. Goodwin. 


vol. xiv. 






The late B. Harrison. 


," ' 






The late Thompson Cooper 


vol. XV. 






The late E. S. Shuckburgh. 


. . vol. xvi. 






W. P. Courtney. 


. . vol. xvii. 






C. Welch. 


JJ 


vol. 


vi. 


Sir J. K. Laughton. 


. . vol. xviii. 






The late Bishop Creighton. 


• • »j 






Sir S. Lee. 



Aldermen who are Noticed in the " Dictionaby of National Biooraphy." 213 



Alderman. 

Henry FitzAilwiu . . 

Arnold PitzThedmar 

Sir William Eitzwilliam . . 

Sir John Fleet 

Sir Samuel Fludyer 

John Fowke 



Sir Robert Fowler . . 

Sir Samuel Garrard 
Sir Henry Garaway 
Sir Crisp Gasooyne 
Sir John Gay«r 

Sir Richard Carr Glyn . . 
William Gregory . . 
Sir Richard Gresham 
Sir John Gresham 
Sir Richard Gurney 
Waiyen S. Hale 
Sir Thomas Hallifax 
Thomas Harley 
James Harmer 
Sir William Harper 

Edmond Harvey . . 
Sir Gilbert Heathcote 
Sir William Hedges 
Sir William Herricke 
Sir William Hewett 
Rowland Heylin . . 
James Heywood 
George Hibbert 
Sir Baptist Hicks . . 
Sir Rowland Hill . . 
Sir Richard Hoare (i.) 
Sir Richard Hoare (ii.) . . 
Sir Christopher Hoddesdon 

Sir Wmiam Holies 

Sir James Houblon 

Sir John Houblon 

Sir Claudius S. Hunter . . 

William Jacob 

Sir Stephen Jenyns 

Sir John Key 
WiUiam Kiffin 
Sir Thomas Kytson 
John La Motte 
Sir Peter Laurie . . 
Sir William Laxton 
Sir Thomas Leigh . . 
Sir John Leman . . 
Paul Le Mesurier . . 
Sir Thomas Lodge . . 
Sir WiUiam Lok . . 
Sir Thomas Lombe 
John Lovekyn ' . . 
Sir Andrew Lusk . . 
Sir William McArthur . . 
Sir Richard Martin 

John J. Mechi 
William Methold . . 
Sir Francis G. Moon 
Sir John Moore . . 
Sir Thomas Myddelton . . 



Volume. 
Old Edition. New Edition, 

vol. xix. \ 



vol. vii. 



vol. XX. I 

Supp. vol. ii. vol. xxii. 

vol. xxi. 

vol. vii. 



vol. xxii. \ 
vol. xxiii. 



vol. 

vol. 
vol. 



vol. xxvii. 

Supp. vol. ii. 
vol. xxvii. 



vol. xxviii. 
vol. xxix. 

vol. xxxi. 

»j 
vol. xxxii. 

ji 
vol. xxxiii. 

vol. xxxiv. 



Supp. II. vol. ii. 
. , vol. xxxiv. 1 
.. vol.xxxvi. 1 

. . vol. xxxvii. 



. vol. xxxviii. 
.vol. xxxix. 



Autlioi". 

J. H. Round. 

Prof. Tout. 

W. Clode. 

J. M. Rigg. 

The late R. Harrison. 

G. Goodwin. 

T. Hodgkin. 

0. Welch. 

)) 

G. Goodwin. 

C. Welch. 
J. Gairdner. 
C. Welch. 



vol. viii. 



vol. xxii. 
vol. ix.' 

vol. X. 



vol.xi. 



vol. xii. 



vol. xii. 



vol. xiii. 



G. Goodwin. 
C. Welch. 
G. Goodwin. 
J. M. Rigg. 
C. Welch. 

vol. ix. Q T^' Sutton. 



The late Rev. B. H. Blacker. 
C. Welch. 



Prof, Pollard. 
C. Welch. 



The late G. C. Boase. 

G. Goodwin. 

W. A. J. Archbold. 

C. Welch. 

The Rev. A. Gordon. 

C. Welch. 



Miss Bradley I 
0. Welch. 



Irs. Murray 

[Smith). 



The late H. M. Chichester. 

C. Welch. 
Sir S. Lee. 
R. B. Prosser. 
C. Welch. 

W. J.' A. Archbold. 
W. Wroth. 

The late G. 0. Baase. 
G. Goodwin. 

C. Welch. 



214 Aldermen who are Noticed in the "Dictionary of National Biography. 



Aklerman, 



Sir Dudley North 

John de Northampton 
Bonhani Norton J (s.v. William | 
John Norton | Norton) I 

Sir Thomas Offley 

Biohard Oliver 

Sir Edward Osborne 

Sir Christopher Paoke 

Thomas Papillon . . 

Humphrey Parsons 

' Sir ' [sic] Isaac Penington 

Sir John Philipot . . 

Sir Thomas Pilkington . . 

John Prinsep (s.v. H. T. Prinsep) 
Sir William Priohard 
Sir John Pulteney . . , 
Sir Nicholas Eainton 
Sir Thomas Bawlinson (i.) 
Sir Thomas Bawlinson (ii.)) 
Sir Walter Bawlinson / 

Sir Abraham Eeyuardson 
Bichard de Tcmplo 

Gregory de Bokesley 
Sir William Romney 
Sir William Byder 
Sir David Salomons 
Sir Richard Saltonstall 
John Sawbridge 
' Sir ' [sic] William Sevenoke . . 
Sir Thomas Seymour (s.v. Thomas, 
Lord Seymour) 



Volume. 

Author. 
Old Edition. New Edition. 


vol. xli. 1 
J) 


The Eev. A. Jessopp 
The Bev. W. Hunt. 



vol. xlii. 

)] 

J) 
vol. xliii. 

J) 

vol. xliv. 
vol. xlv. 

J) 
vol. xlvi. 

ji 
vol. xlvii. 



vol. xlviii. 

vol. xlix. 

J) 
vol. 1. 

n 

vol. li. 



Sir James Shaw 


5> 


Erasmus Smith 


vol. liii. 


Sir Thomas Smyth 


J, 


Sir John Spencer 


n 


Bobert Tiohborne 


vol. Ivi. 


Sir Nicholas Twyford 


vol. Ivii. 


Sir Bobert Yiner 


vol. Iviii. 


Sir Thomas Viner 


n 


Bobert Waithman. . 


)) 


' Sir ' [sic] Henry le Waleys 


vol. lix. 


Sir William Walworth . . 




Sir Patience Ward 


,) 


Sir Peter Warren . . 


It 


Sir Balph Warren . . 




Sir Sidney Waterlow . . Supp 


II. vol. iii 


Sir Brook Watson 


vol. Ix. 


Sir John Watts , 


,, 


Sir Thomas White 


vol. Ixi. 


Sir George Whitmore 


„ 


Biohard Whittington 


J, 


Sir John Wildman 




John Wilkes 


)> 



Bo wland Wilson .. 
Sir Matthew Wood 



vol. Ixii. 



vol. xiv. 



vol. XV. 



vol. xvi. 



vol. xvii. 



vol. xviii. 



vol. xix. 



vol. XX. 



vol. 



vol. xxi. 



L. Oust. 

The late Eev. J. H. Lupton. 
G. F. B. Barker. 
0. Welch. 

J. M. Bigg. 

0. Welch. 

Miss Pell Smith. 

Prof. Tait. 

C. Welch. 

The late Sir A. J. Arbuthnot. 

G. le G. Norgate. 

G. L. Kingsford. 

0. Welch. 



The late T. A. Archer. 

C. Welch. 

W. A. S. Hewins. 

0. Welch. 



Piof. Pollard. 

C. Welch. 
E. I. Garlyle. 

The Eev. A. Gordon. 
Sir J. K. Laughton. 
C. Welch. 

Prof. Firth. 
Prof. Pollard. 

C. Welch. 

W. P. Courtney. 
C. Welch. 



Sir J. K. Laughton. 
C. Welch. 

Col.E. M. Lloyd. 

Sir J. K. Laughton. 

The Yen. Archdeacon Hutton. 

E. I. Garlyle. 

Prof. Tait. 

Prof. Firth. 

J. M. Bigg. 

Prof. Firth. 

W. P. Courtney. 



170 persons who were elected Aldermen of London are noticed in the Dictionary ; the 
biographies of 63 are contributed by Mr. Welch and of 15 by Sir Sidney Lee; Mr. Gordon 
Goodwin is responsible for 8, Professor Firth for 6, Messrs. J. M. Bigg and W. P. Courtney for 
5 each, Sir J. K. Laughlion and Mr. Bussell Barker for 4 each, Professor Pollard and Messrs. 
Irving Garlyle and Lionel Oust and the late Mr. G. G. Boase for 3 each ; 7 other contributors 
have written two articles and 34 a single article each. 



Aldermen of the City of London. 



Sl5 



Aldermen whose Burials are Recorded in 
Machyn's Diary. 



[The worthy diarist, who appears to have been an undertaker by profession, records the 
funeral arrangements in elaborate detail, not forgetting the ' grett dener ' which 
usually followed the ' berehyng.' The diary deserves notice if only for the 
grotesque orthography, which throws into the shade the most inspired efforts of 
the modern ' Simplified Speling Sosieti.'] 



Sir William Lok 
William Eobyns 
Sir Kalph Warren 
Stephen Kyrton 
John Lambarde 
Augustin Hynde 
Sir Henry Amcotts 
•Thomas Lewen 
Henry Herdson 
Christopher Aleyn 
Sir Eichard Dobbys 
Sir WiUiam Laxton 
Sir John Champneys 



Page 








Page 


1 


Sir Henry Huberthoru 




. 115 


28 


Sir John Ayliffe 






. 116 


36 


Sir John Gresham . 






. 116 


42 


Henry Goodere 






118 


67 


Sir George Barne 






. 166 


67 


John Machell . . 






. 171 


68 


Sir Andrew Judde . 






. 173 


91 


John Sadler . . 






. 203 


99 


*John Lowen . . 






. 210 


100 


Eobert Trappes 






. 216 


106 


Sir Thomas Gurtes . 






. 217 


111 


Sir Eowland Hill . 






. 271 


115 


David Woodrofie 




. • 


. 303 



"The names of those Aldermen are lost in the MS. which is aefeotive, bat that of T. Lewen is supplied 
bv the Editor [J. Gough Nichols] in the notes (p. 331) and that of J. Lowen may be safely inferred 
from the date, oombinid with the fact which is shown in the text that the person whose funeral is 
here described was a leading member of the Drapers' Company. 



216 



Aldermen of the City op LondoU. 



Aldermen Recorded in Wilford's" Memorials of Worthy Persons." 

(1741). 



Sir Thomas Adams .. (from funeral sermon by Eev. N. Hardy, D.D.) 

Sir Thomas Bludworth ( 

Sir John Buokworth . . ( 

Sir John Chapman . . ( 

Sir William Ookayne.. ( 

Sir John Gayer . . . . ( 

Sir Peter Vandeput . . ( 

Sir George Whitmore . . ( 

Sir Richard Hoare (a character) 



Rev. S. Freeman) 
Rev. John Scott, D.D.' 

).. .. 
John Donne, Dean of St. Paul's) 
Rev. N. Hardy) .. 
Rev. N. Brady) . . 
Rev. Anthony Farindon) 



86— 90 
473—474 
604—605 
507—509 
292-293 
450—452 
405—406 
258—259 
777 



Aldermen Noticed in "City Biography' 

(2nd Edition), 1800. 



(These Notices are, with few exceptions, scurrilous. ] 





Page 








Page 


Sir John W. Anderson . . 


. 44 


Brackley Kennett . . 




.. 139 


Sir John Barnard . . 


. 170 


Henry Kitchiu 






. 119 


William Beckford . . 


.. 63 


William Lee 






.. 75 


Samuel Birch 


.. 151 


Paul Le Mesurier . . 






. 43 


(Sir) Matthew Bloxam 


. 124 


Sir Watkin Lewes . . 






. 16 


John Boydell 


. 34 


William Lushington 






. 52 


Frederick Bull 


.. 84 


George M. Macauley 






. 49 


John Burnell 


. 129 


Nathaniel Newnham 






. 26 


Thomas Cadell 


. 59 


William Newman . . 






. 49 


Sir William Calvert 


. 91 


Richard Oliver 






. 96 


Richard Clarke 


. 94 


Peter Perchard 






. 58 


Harvey C. Combe . . 


. 153 


(Sir) John Perring 






. 57 


Brass Crosby 


. 187 


Sir William Plomer 






. 23 


(Sir) William Curtis 


. 37 


Samuel Plumbe . . 






. 135 


Sir John Earner . . 


. 60 


(Sir) Charles Price 






. 56 


Sir James Esdaile 


. 80 


Evan Pugh 






. 96 


Sir Samuel Fludyer 


. 82 


Sir James Sanderson 






. 120 


William Gill 


. 145 


John Sawbridge 






. 87 


Sir Richard Carr Glyn . . 


. 47 


(Sir) James Shaw . . 






. 60 


Sir Thomas Hallifax 


. 113 


Thomas Skinner . . 






. 28 


Charles Hamerton . . 


. 55 


Hugh Smith 






. 162 


Sir Benjamin Hammett . . 


. 136 


Sir William Staines 






. 51 


Thomas Harley 


9 


James Townsend . . 






. 142 


John Hart 


. 61 


Sir Barnard Turner 






. 131 


Sir William Heme 


. 54 


(Sir) Brook Watson 






. 44 


George Hibbert 


. 59 


John Wilkes 






. 98 


Sir John Hopkins 


. 53 


Thomas Wooldridge 






. 114 


Sir Stephen T. Jannsen . . 


. 62 


Thomas Wright . . 






. 144 



Addenda. AND Corrigenda. 

[See also vol. I., pp. 225-234, i09-422.] 



Page 1 G. de Wyohmgham, add [referred to as Geoffrey Tableter in Letter Book F, 
ff. 996 1006, (April 1.5, May 20, 1346)] . 

J. Aubrey, add present March 6, 1377 (Letter Book H, fo. 586). 

„ 2 M. Phillip, ad(J present November 17, 1475 (Journal 8, fo. 114). 

„ 3 H. Cote, add present July 19, 1498 (Rep. 1, fo. 39) : he vsfas discharged the 
same day. 

J. Warner, add present February 10, 1511 (Bep. 2, fo. 1076). 

to afterwards Grocer append footnote. He was ordered to translate himself 
to another Company March 21, 1503 fBep. 1, fo. 1466). 

„ 4 J. Lambarde, add present July 10, 1554 (Bep. 13, fo. 1606). 
for A. Hynde read Alderman Hynde. 

E. Gylbert. A letter from Queen Elizabeth begging for his discharge from 
office was read July 27, 1564 (Bep. 15, fo. 3656). 

A. Gamage, add present June 4, 1579 (Bep. 19, fo. 4596). 
,, 5 M. Calthorp, for Alderman Harte read John^Harte. 

E. Heme, add present February 17, 1625 (Rep. 39, fo. 1116). 
7 Sir B. Howe, add present July 19, 1683 (Bep. 88, fo. 164). 
„ 9 A. de HaUingberi, see vol. I., p. 378, footnote 6. 

T. Sely, add acting April 3, 1311 (Ancient Deeds A, 6397). 
„ 11 J. Haydon, add (Sheriff-elect). 
,, 12 F. Jones, add (Sherifi-elect) . 
,, 13 Sir T. Beckford, for October 16 read October 13. 
„ 16 W. de Caustone, for died 1355, read died 1354. 

J. Pyfhide, add present January 13, 1377 (Letter Book H, fo. 546). 

J. Estone, add Mercer (see note p. 361). 

„ 17 B. Rawson, add died 1485. 

,, 18 Sir G. Barne, after nominated read Alderman Sir W. Dixie, Sheriff Howse, 
T. Skinner, and add (in margin) present November 28, 1592 (Bep. 23, fo. 7). 

,, 19 J. Spencer. Before his election there was a doubtful nomination of which 
particulars are not recorded: on August 16, 1594, it was ordered that the 
paper of the late nomination for Bassishaw Ward ' be sent back that it may 
be known whether it was made orderly.' (Bep. 23, fo. 2696.) 

„ 22 S, de Abyndon. The date of election should be January 16 («oi 13), 1320. 

E. de Hakeneie, add (Sheriff). 

E. de Lenne, after elected add and sworn. 

„ 23 W. Cauntbrigge, add (Mayor). 

„ 24 W. Bemyngton, add present April 29, 1511 (Bep. 2, fo. 1116). 

„ 25 T. Bennett, jun., for died May 18 read died April 19. 

,, 33 Bishopsgate — Dr. Sharpe (Husting Wills i., 119) describes Stephen de 
Cornhill as Alderman of this Ward in 1294, apparently on the ultimate 
authority of Lansdowne MS. 558. On this see ante vol. I., p. 238. 

„ 84 H. Pountfreyt, add present December 10, 1410 (Letter Book I, fo. 106). 

„ 40 J. Jollifie, add reduced to £420 October 7. 

„ 42 J. Sheldon, add (Sherifi-elect). 



218 Addenda and OoerigendA. 



Page 43 E. 0. Glyn, add (Sheriff-elect). 

(Note B., line 1) for Billingsgate read Bishopagate. 

„ 45 R. de Honilane, for acting February 13, 1307, read acting May 13, 1307 
(Letter Book C, fo. 128). 

,, 47 H. Clopton, add (Mayor). 

„ 48 A. Nicholas, add present April 8, 1578. 

,, 49 W. Abell, for between Oct. 23 and Nov, 10, read November 3 (cf. Rep. 
51, ff. 16, 5, and Letter Book NN. fo. 53). 

,, 54 Note A, lines 9-10, omit appears to have died .... 244 (15) and substitute died 
September 15, 1496. 

„ 56 J. Miohell. With regard to his Company see Notes and Queries, 10th Series, 
xii., 361 (November 6, 1909). 

„ 57 Sir R. Haddon, add present July 24, 1516 (Rep. 3, fo. 98). 

A. Judde. In nomination insert before the obhers Sir W. Bowyer (Lord 
Mayor) . 

Footnote 30, for 486 read 586. 

„ 58 R. Clarke. He was conmiitted to prison on the day of election for refusing to 
accept office, but was sworn two days later. 

„ 61 Sir M. Bloxam, for June 15 read June 10. 

„ 64 R. Pyat, read Pyot. 

„ 71 J. Malewayn, before sworn insert elected and. 

Footnote 28, for 138 read 130. 

,, 73 W. HoUyes, prefix Sir and for Knighted 1535 read Knighted c 1533. 

„ 75 R. Nelmes, add £200 of his fine was repaid to him October 20, 1676 (Journal 
48, fo. 242). 

„ 76 Sir R. Vyner, add sworn August 23. 

„ 77 W. Prichard (1072), add (Sheriff-elect). 

„ 81 N. Godestone, read Godessone. 

W. Crowmere, for died 1433 read died January, 1434. 
„ 82 J. Brokle, for c 1433 read 1434. 

J. Derby, for September 13 read October 19. 

W. Bonde, add A nomination had been rejected (names not recorded) on 
February 13 (Rep. 116, fo. 163b). 

„ 84 J. Lewis, for April 16 read April 22. 

„ 86 J.Edwards. He appears to have received his discharge on the day on which 
he was sworn (June 17), subject to a fine of £620 : presumably he preferred 
not to pay the fine, as he took his seat in the Court of Aldermen on July 1. 

88 Castle Baynard Ward. Called Warda Castri in Letter Book A, fo. 61 
(February, 1292). 

,, 90 T. Walsingham. In the nominations, for Dufthons read Dufhous. 

N. Marshall. It is recorded (Journal 7, fo. 101) that the coins with which 
his fine of £20 was paid included ' 40 half-nobles called salews.' 
„ 93 E. Rudge, for July 25, 1640, read November or December, 1640. 
„ 94 Footnote 82, /or Rep. 5 reaiZ Rep, 55. 

Footnote 83, for 334 read 332, and /or 559 read 59. 

„ 97 Note A, for Ashton read Aghton. 

„ 98 Note B, line 7, for F. R. Craker read F. J. Craker. 

„ 99 R. de Conduit, for M. 1334-5 read M. 1334-6. 

„ 101 W. Purchase, ] •, t j i, ^ ,t 

B Rede \ "*' ^°'^'' *^/<""« Mayor. 

W. Boteler, add (Sheriff). 

„ 104 J. Morris, for sworn May 26 read sworn May 27. 



Addenda and CoreigendA. Sl9 



Page 105 Footnote 87, for 45 read 46. 

„ 110 J. Sadler. In the text it is stated that he was discharged on the plea of 
sickness, but there were other reasons, the minute of his discharge (Letter 
Book Q, fo. 161b) mentioning not only his ' contynuall syknes and dyseases ' 
but also ' hys losses of meny and sundry greate' and notable sums of money 
as well by the seas as by evyll dettors.' (The whole minute is quoted 
by Sir J. Baddeley, Aldermen of Cripplegate Ward, p. 190.) 

„ 113 T. Dolseley, add present January 29, 1360 (Letter BookeG, fo. 80). 
J. de Northampton, before the date in margin insert and sworn. 

„ 115 T. Baldry, adi present December 13, 1533 (Rep. 9, fo. 40). 

W. Williamson. He paid £100 of his fine and gave a bond for £400, which was 
repaid to his Widow. 

„ 118 R. Read. In the nominations, for John Nicholson read John Nichols. 

„ 119 Thomas Wardell, read Thomas Wandall. 

„ 121 J. de Grantham. By a clerical error his name is entered as ' Graham ' in the 
minute of his election (Letter Book E, fo. 1476). 

J. Philpot, before the date insert and sworn. 
„ 123 R. Drope, add present September 7, 1486 [Journal 9, fo. 1206] . 

Sir H. Colet, T. Kneseworth, omit Lord before Mayor. 

R. Acheley, add present December 15, 1519 (Rep. 4, fo. 356). 
„ 129 J. de Mytford, for present July 20 read present July 28. 

W. Cotton, insert present September 21, 1409 (Letter Book I, fo. 83). 
„ 130 J. Botiler, insert acting October 13, 1422 (Letter Book K, fo. 1). 
„ 137 B. Frestlyng, before the date insert (and sworn), 

W. Dere. The 10 who voted for Dere were the Mayor (N. Wyfold) and 
Aldermen Prowyk, Broun, Byre, Olney, Norman, Forster, Derby, Canynges 
and Hulyn ; the four who supported Boleyn were Aldermen Gregory, 
Abraham, Philip and Warter, the two last named being then the junior 
Aldermen. 
„ 139 W. Harper. In the nominations, for Hurd read Hare. 
„ 140 E. Crispe, for present read sworn. 

J. Parker. He paid £200 of his fine and gave a bond for £400, which was 
cancelled at the request of his widow October 2, 1634 (Journal 36, fo. 29). 

„ 141 Sir T. Kinsey, add (Sheriff). 

„ 143 J. de Chichester, for present March 6, 1337, read present March 6, 1377. 

„ 145 J. Standoff, read Standelf. 

W. Whetenhall. His 12 supporters were the Mayor (W. Estfeld) and 
Aldermen Wandesford, Broun, Ohalton, Hatherle, Clopton, Catteworth, 
Olney, Gregory, Holland, Yoo and Combes : Norman was supported by 
Aldermen Welles, Frowyk, Paddesle, Large and Melreth, the first two of 
whom were the only ex-Mayors who were present. 

146 J. Brown. In the nominations, for Tysselton read Twysselton. 

Sir S. Pecocke. In the nominations, /or- ex-Sheriff, Sir T. Kytson, etc., read 
Alderman Sir T. Kytson, ex-Sheriff Altham, R. Fermor. 

148 Sir W. Bond, /or sworn November 30, read sworn December 3. 
155 E. Amadas, for March 6 read March 5. 

158 Sir W. Herriok. The reason given for his discharge was that ' being the King's 

sworn servant [he] cannot attend the daily service of the City '. 

159 W. Ookayne, for sworn May 19 read sworn May 30. 

J. Poole, for before November 4 read October 28 (cf . Rep. 40, fo. 2, Letter Book 
'll, fo. 173). 
„ 160 E. Harvey, for fo. 306 read fo. 356. 

161 G. Gore, /or sworn Nov. 6 read sworn Nov. 4. 



220 Addenda and Corrigenda. 



Page 166 Langbourn Ward. It appears to have been called ' Langebrod ' in earlier times. 
Geoffrey, Alderman of Jjangebrod Ward is named in Ancient Deed A 5853. 

R. de Frowyk, for August 11 read May (Letter Book D, fo. 326). 

„ 167 W. Cauntbrigge. He is described as ' Alderman ' in the minute of his election as 
Sheriff on September 21, 1415, his predecessor in the Aldermanry of 
Langbourn, H. Halton, being recorded as present also (Letter Book I, fo. 
1586). I think there is an error on the part of the scribe. Halton 
appears to have died in October and it is possible that Cauntbrigge was 
elected his successor between September 21 and the actual entering of the 
minute. There is no trace in the records of his serving as Alderman for 
any other ward before this date. See, however, vol. II., p. 5 (footnote 10), 
where I have suggested another possible solution of the difficulty. 

„ 169 Sir W. Chester. The reason for his removal from the Aldermanry does not 
appear: as far back as November 2, 1571, a deputation of three Aldermen (Sir 
John White, Sir Roger Martyn and Sir Rowland Hayward) was appointed 
' to go to Sir W. Chester to talke with hym concernynge the office of his 
Aldermanshipe ' (Rep. 17, fo. 226). 

„ 170 J. Langley, add present November 14, 1577. 

„ 173 A. Fraunoeys, prefix elected and to sworn. 

„ 176 Sir W. Cokayne, in the nominations, read Aldermen Sir J. JoUes, Sir P. Jones 
and Halliday. 

„ 177 J. Porter, before (the name oE his opponent) W. Alexander, insert ex-Sheriff. 

„ 180, 181. Portsoken Ward. The list of Priors of Holy Trinity is incorrect in many 
points of date : a more accurate list is substituted on p. 418 where, 
however, the name of Thomas Pomeroy has been accidentally omitted. 
His dates are congl d'elire April 14 ; royal assent April 21, 1445 : restoration 
of temporalities February 19, 1446. There was a controversy as to his 
election, the royal assent being given also to that of William Westkarre on 
May 23, 1445, but Pomeroy ultimately was confirmed in the possession of 
the Priorate. 

„ 180 Richard (de Templo), for died August 14, 1248, read August 14, 1250 (as on 
p. 371). Richard was acting as Prior March 11 and May 16, 1250 (Ancient 
Deeds A, 2407, 2294). 

Gilbert (de Wrottong), for 1260 read c 1261. His predecessor John de Totynge 
was acting in October, 1260 and February, 1261 (Ancient Deeds A 2147, 1698) 
and himself in February, 1263 (A. 2151) and in October, 1268 (A 1698). 
186 T. Johnson, /or seated re